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Vol. 42. 


Editorial, — 

Bro. Stover's 
Another Yea 
Across the C 
Gathered Cn 
America and 
Driven from 
' Official Conn 
Electing a M 

What to Do 
A World on 
Our English 
R. Snyder, 
The Millenni 
With My Bi 
C. Wieand 
Keep Going. 
The Necessit} 
Pillars and L 
The Devil. I 

Home and Family 
Intellectual P 
Aid Society, > 
The Unknowi 

General Missionai 
What of the 1 
India Notes. 
Red Sea Medi 
From Our Mi- 


A very destrut 

r Ferghana, Russi 
j news of the eart 
tilt- town had he 
tHat several Russian 
dren had been kille 
150 Russian houses 
received Dec. 22 st 
that 16,000 houses 
natives were destit 
disappeared and th 
ground. Fifteen h 
away the ruins. ^ 
daily. Earthquake 
property and life, a 
ence do not care to 

One who has n< 
prised when he lea 
provision for one t 

I four hundred and 
for a single trip o 
teen hundred pas< 

[ two thousand doz 

1 twenty tons of nic 
It takes thirry-thre 

\ chose on board. jN 
besides twenty-five 
hundred and sixty 
sand six hundred 
Over seventeen b 
One of the surpri 
beer, etc., which 
fifty-five hundred 
the wants of the 1 
has about everythi 
Of course not all 
taken each time, ) 
will happen and c 

It is said that 
Cairo, Egypt, to 5 
of Kitchener's gi 
difficulties to ovei 
ited appropriation 
domitable will he 
was the all-imP™ 


5 -^^ 





Vol. 42. 

Elgin, III., January 3, 1903. 



to Abu Mamed, across the neck of the great bend of 
lorial,— tne ^ ! ' le . an unbroken expanse of barren desert The 

Anoth^Year.-^,::: WW. ! '^^ en&!nCerS ° f EUr ° Pe ***** " 'niporfbte to 

„ -1903: 

Across the Continent on 

Gathered Crumbs 

America and Turkey '" ,J 

Driven from Home I0 

Official Councils Again !.."":"! 10 

Electing a Minister !!!."!! [ " to 

Essay, — 

What to Do with our Money. 

A World on Fire 

°" r English Bible and How We Got It. 

Colonist Train p 

By H. C. Early a 


By John 

construct a railway across the tract, arguing that the 
entire carrying capacity of a train would be taken up 
by the water supply necessary for the locomotive. 
Nevertheless, assuming the responsibility, the sirdar 
ordered the work begun, relying on the indomitable 
pluck and skill of his subordinates in charge and his 
own habit of success. Near the middle of the course 

Tlfe MilTe d nni„ n V ' -i~ «--V ' V J W. .......... j, at P° int s some fifty miles apart, wells were sunk, an 

By Noah Longanecker WW. 3 

Homeward Bound." By Albert 

With My Bible 

C. Wieand 

Keep Going. By J. S. Mohier,. ! 

The Necessity of Regeneration. By T. f. Myers,:! 5 
Pillars and Lilies. By Elizabeth D. Rosenberger.. 5 
The Devil. By A. W. Reese . „ 

Home and Family, — 

Intellectual Progress. By Martha B. Lahman 7 

Aid Society, Nettle Creek, Ind. By Maggie Dutro,. 7 
the Unknown Woman, . , 7 

General Missionary and Tract Department — 
What of the New Year?.. . 

India Notes. By Eliza B. Miller ,, 

Red Sea Meditations. By W. B. Stover,. W. 11 

From Our Mission in France. By O. H. Yeremian.'u 


operation ridiculed by the natives, and with true Kitch- 
ener luck water was struck in both instances, so that 
the train now accomplishes the distance with only 
two extra water tanks. But all succeeding attempts to 
find water along the line— and they have been many- 
have proved fruitless. It was by means of this rail- 
way that the Soudan was conquered. By its construc- 
tion the long route of nearly 700 miles by way of 
a river, for long stretches absolutely unnavigable for 
ten or eleven months in the year, and even at flood im- 
practicable save for small whale boats, hauled through 
the rapids at enormous toil and expense, was ex- 
changed for a short, direct, unobstructed highway. 

by a brilliant staff, and followed by the heads of pn 
■nces, with escorts of Indian cavalry and tribal leadei 
from beyond the border line. One would hardly ex- 
pect to find this splendor surrounded bv the deepest 
poverty; and yet that is the condition. 'The Lord of 
heaven and earth would not approve of such a show. 
He was too much a friend of man to contrast his riches 
with man's poverty, and the rulers of this world would 
be more loved and respected, would be more helpful 
more truly great if they followed him more closely. ' 

Inconvenience and suffering are felt more and 
more because of the lack of coal. There seems to be 
plenty of soft coal out of the mines, but the railroads 
claim they are unable to handle the loaded cars. 
The\- are overcrowded with business, 
which usually extendi 

Begging has become a trade and beggars are man- 
aged by persons or companies who, without becoming 
beggars themselves, secure the fruits of the efforts of 

«*} report was , ;V ^^fef S™' ^ * '^^ " pUb " 
haps, is in its advertisements, for in them beggars can 
learn things to their advantage. Here are two of 
them : " Wanted, a blind man who can play a little on 
a flute." " Cripple wanted for a well-patronized sea- 
shore resort. One who has lost his right arm pre- 
ferred ; must be able to give good references and small 
security." It is said that every issue of the paper con- 
tains dozens of such" advertisements by mendicant 
agents and bureaus. There are in Paris more than 
a score of such bureaus which undertake to supply all 
France, and especially the bathing and health resorts, 
with beggars to suit all tastes. The paper also gives 
notices of weddings, baptisms, etc., for on these oc- 
casions much money may be secured. Some beggars 
have accumulated considerable property. Begging is 
an easy way to make money, and for this reason many 
parents send their children out to beg, for thus they are 
able to live in idleness. When we are made to won- 
der, if confronted by a beggar, whether he is really in 
need or whether some manager or company will not 

A very destructive earthquake occurred at Andijan, 

Ferghana, Russian Turkestan, recent^. The first 

news of the earthquake stated that alllthe houses in 

the townjjad been destroyed., i. Th- 
' tf*at "several Russian omctais *im1 about I^y 1 
dren had been killed, and thatjsome 9,00/ native and 
150 Russian houses had been destroyed. >A dispatch 
received Dec. 22 stated that the rumblings continued, 
that 16,000 houses had been destroyed, and that the 
natives were destitute. The water in the wells has 
disappeared and the people fear a subsidence of the 
ground. Fifteen hundred men are at work clearing 
away the ruins. Violent shocks continue to be felt 
daily. Earthquakes often cause fearful destruction of 
property and life, and those who have had one experi- 
ence do not care to repeat it. 

' One who has never taken an ocean voyage is sur- 
prised when he learns what it requires in the way of 

provision for one trip. Fresh water holds first place, 

four hundred and twenty-five tons being necessary 

for a single trip of a transatlantic liner carrying fif- 
! teen hundred passengers and its crew. More than 

two thousand dozen of eggs arc used. More than 
i twenty tons of meat of various kinds are consumed. 

It takes thirty-three tons of ice to supply the wants of secure the greater part of what we might give, we are 

chose on board. More than twelve tons of vegetables, 

i compar- 
•^Ttion of the 
he wrote it : 

besides twenty-five tons of potatoes are needed. One 
hundred and sixty-nine barrels of flour and six thou- 
sand six hundred pounds of butter are necessary. 
Over seventeen hundred gallons of milk are used. 
One of the surprising things is the quantity of wine, 
beer, etc., which men drink, for it takes more than 
fifty-five hundred gallons of these beverages to supply 
the wants of the passengers. A first cabin passenger 
has about everything one can well ask to eat and drink. 
Of course not all this is consumed on a trip, but it is 

not inclined to become more liberal in giving. For 
begging to be made a profession, and often for the 
benefit of well-to-do persons, is unfortunate for society. 

taken each time, for no one 

can tell when an accident 

will happen and cause a delay of a few days. 

It is said that the construction of the railroad from 
Cairo, Egypt. to Khartum will always be ranked as one 
of Kitchener's greatest achievements. He had many 
difficulties to overcome, several of them due to the lim- 
ited appropriation made for the work. But with in- 

The coronation durbar, during which Edward VII. 
of England will be proclaimed emperor of India, was 
inaugurated at Delhi, India, last Monday. A magni- 
ficent procession passed into the city. At the head 
came the viceroy and his wife, followed by the king's 
brother, and then a large number of native princes. 
The pageant" has been described as one of barbaric 
splendor. The bodies of the elephants were almost 
hidden by their trappings of crimson, purple, and gold. 
Bands of gold encircled their tusks, golden bracelets 
were on their ankles, gold and silver bells were hang- 
ing from their neck chains, and their heads were paint- 
ed and decorated in every conceivable color. The ma- 
houts were clad in the brightest attire, as were the at- 
tendant spear men, who marched by the elephants' 

The business 
over six or eight months is be- 
ing crowded into three. The anthracite coal strike is 
very largely responsible for the condition. People 
struggle for a chance to buy coal, and yet the severest 
trials are ahead of them, in order to supply some of 
the shortage, coal is being bought in England and 
shipped to eastern ports of the United States. Those 
who were responsible for the long strike will have 
much to answer for, because they have brought un- 
told suffering upon innocent persons. But good tWl" 
come out of it, for there will be a serious effort made 
to settle differences between employer and employed 
before the public is made to suffer for that which it 

„> i,„i^ 

be referred ro 1 *,'* Jwenty-third Psalm, copied exactly 
parties directly cone *tr^ ^.t .^ ns me ant ] nathynge sail we want: in sted 
President Roosevelt act as ai o!\? _ "v -^ sc u. On the water of rehetyngc- 
to be. excused since there is an mta..*Q •&, y„ sou i e | le turnyd. 
arbitration, and if President Castro makes ■» -% ** -.^ightwisnes: for his 
the difficulty will soon be on the way toward St.- 1 ■ ' 
ment. This is generally considered a long step toward , dis of thc snadovv 
international arbitration. It is good to know that our lmn ert wMl me 
government is using its great influence in favor of 
peace. It is good, too, to know that in regard to the 
meaning of the Monroe doctrine two such men as Pres- 
ident Roosevelt and ex-President Cleveland should 
agree. The doctrine means that European powers 
cannot settle their claims against any American coun- 
try by seizing territory ; but it does not mean that they 
are to be kept from collecting what is justly due them. 
And this interpretation of it is the one me world is like- 
ly to accqit. The way in which the difficulty between 
Venezuela and Germany and England has been handled 
is a practical acknowledgment of 'he supremacy of the 
United States on this continent May the influence of 
our country ever be used to promote peace everywhere. 

THERE is still, however, a chance for considerable 
delay and perhaps for some trouble, for the latest re- 
port is that President Castro is unwilling to make the 
apology demanded by England and Germany before 
their differences can be submitted to The Hague court 
for settlement. He may think that he can do about 
as he pleases, since there is no danger of any Venezue- 
lan territory being taken. But before long he will be 
made to realize that he will fare better by being ready 
to do anything in his power to give satisfaction to the 
creditors of his country. Any effort on his part to 
avoid doing what is fair and right will not be support- 
ed bv our government, and it is in our government 
alone that he .can hope for protection. His refusal to 
apologize may be for the effect it will have on his 
countrymen. He wants their approval. Yet when 
it comes to the point he will submit as gracefully as 

irtyd me. 
ord : agayns 

my chalice 

es of my lit". 

: in lengthe 

at a literal 
; movement 
-, the whole 
lot seem to 
*l John Wy- 
to consider. 

do^a'Ulhesettowork. The gretfrf obstacle sides In the rear « f* f^™^ %£^ pos~slbl7to"the instable, and a settlement wUl be made 
was the all-important stretch of 230 miles from Haifa Kitchener, the commander in chief in India, surrounaea p 

'ears. Our 

isand years 


e taking of 

them alive 

(Rev. 19: 

-emnant of 

ihat sat on 

21) ; third, 

f m into the 

1 thousand 

; no more, 




January 3, 1903 





— s~+-« ESSAYS •-»-*— 

,„ 5 h„„ tb^l! .PP">,«i >n>to Goc ,.^^«^S^rS 

» h *» rf ' " » i " iy ji ' i ' i "' g Zt"!l„.~ 


Love shall be my motto 

Adown the coming year. 
And love my ruling guerdon, 

Nor try to rule by fear. 
With smile of love I'll greet 

My friends, or great or small. 
I'll run to help the weary 

And stoop to those who fall. 
O, love shall be my comrade, 

And love and truth, so meek, 
In chambers of my heart 

Shall play at hide and seek. 
I'll love each fellow-mortal 

Who walks this lowly sod, 
And loving well my neighbor 

Thus learn to love my God. 

Whistler, Ala. | 


church is to place it to the -general endowment fund 
for world-wide missions? 
Montevideo, Va. 


By Kichard D. Mic 

a the Un 

sity of Virginia Magazine. 


With the growth of our mission work has come 
the endowment idea. The idea has been received with 
favor. And now the question, " Where shall I place 
my money?" is perplexing a number of good breth- 
ren and sisters that have money and want to leave it 
to the church when they no longer need it. 

Some are making bequests to their home congre- 
gations, which, in my judgment, is not the wisest thing 
'->. The spirit prompting this is noble, but it is 
without judgment in most cases. The home church is 
an old, established congregation of from one hun- 
dred to five hundred members, aggregating in wealth 
several hundred thousand dollars. Now, why leave 

.guoUocS, SUp- 

.^cupied territory, etc? 
■"{fect'them to do this and more? 
6 regations are not able to take care of 
o; £', how will the church ever be able to spread 
s Jfito new fields? If the old churches must be 
*j "and nursed by the bequests to keep them alive, our 
future is settled. These are- the resources of our mis- 
sion work. 

Leaving bequests to the home church tends to 
destroy the spirit to give. In this way it works ill 
rather than good. The bequests are depended on. 
They are the first to be counted in figuring the finances. 
Self-help is discouraged, which militates against help- 
ing others. To be taught to help ourselves is the 
surest way to teach help to others. 

Why should not our money be left to the general 
endowment for world-wide missions? This is a fund 
set apart for world-wide missions. It is intended to 
be an everlasting fund, a fund for all time to come, 
the principal to be used never, the interest, and that 
only, to be used annually in world-wide missions. 
That means every country under the sun, world-wide, 
the United States not excluded. Nor does it mean 
that the bulk of the money will be spent in foreign 
lands. Probably just the contrary is meant. At pres- 
ent the bulk of our mission money is spent at home 
in the United States, and this is almost sure to be 
so for some time to come. This fund is used for three 
lines of work, — preaching the Gospel as we under- 
stand it, building meetinghouses and the publication 
and distribution of printed matter. It is controlled by 
the General Missionary and Tract Committee, and 
used where, in their judgment, it is most needed and 
will do the most good. It is also the duty of the 
Committee to study the different fields, so as to be 
able to use the money to the best advantage possible. 
The Committee therefore ought to be better prepared 
to know how and where help should be rendered than 
most others. Now, does it not appear that the best 
thing to do with the money we wish to leave to the 

Few events are so rare in nature, and, if we re- 
gard more than their mere appearance, so wonderful 
as the blazing forth of new members of the stellar 
svstem. In a space in the heavens never before oc- 
cupied, a star appears, shines out with brilliant lus- 
tre, then fades and disappears. Astronomers name 
them Novae— new or temporary stars— and classify 
them scientifically under the head of variable stars. 
But one of our poets has more aptly referred to them 
as "Those far stars that come in sight once in a 
century." Insignificant as they appear— mere points 
of light on the dark background of the celestial sphere 
—yet if in imagination aided by the instruments of 
modern science, we view them from a nearer point, 
we become witnesses of a catastrophe so vast and 
overwhelming that our minds are appalled at its im- 
mensity. A world, possibly greater than our own, 
has passed away in flame, melted into fire-cloud, car- 
rying with it, in common destruction, it mav be a 
whole universe of organized life. Such an event it 
fell to the lot of the first year of the new century to 

At about half past two on the night of Thursday, 
the twenty-first of February, 1901, as Dr. Anderson, 
of Edinburgh, was about to conclude his accustomed 
work of observing faint variable stars, he happened to 
glance towards the constellation Perseus, at that time 
the most prominent star-group in the western sky. 
His trained eye was immediately attracted by an un- 
usual object in the center of a quadrilateral of four 
stars, which forms a conspicuous feature of the group. 
It was a star, only a little fainter than the Pole Star, 
in a place where, he was certain, no star had been 
s«- before. - T™!*» <*I ^ ' ' J ' : — f 

_. l& a new star. It de- 
veloped a few days later that the Nova Persei, as 
it was named by general consent, or rather ipso facto, 
had sprung up from absolute invisibility to a high 
order of brightness in a very brief space of time. 
Earlier, on the same evening, skilled astronomers in 
different parts of Europe had examined that very 
region of the sky, in observing the variability of Algol, 
and could not have overlooked the Nova, if it had 
been brighter than the sixth magnitude, the limit of 
visibility. A photograph of the constellation Perseus, 
taken on the day before, fails to show the new star, 
though stars as faint as the twelfth magnitude are 
plainly seen. It is not too much to claim, that in 
a single day, at most, the new sun had increased ten 
thousand times in brightness. 

On the following night, the twenty-second, the 
Nova was independently re-discovered by several in 
Europe and America. It had then increased to the 
first magnitude and was a very conspicuous star, ex- 
celled by but four or five in the whole sky. It was 
then about six times as bright as when Dr. Anderson 
first saw it. Two nights later— Saturday was cloudy 
—it reached its zenith of brilliancy and shone bright 
as a star of the zero magnitude, the brightest ob- 
ject in the sky except the planet Mars and the Dog- 
Star, Sirius. More remarkable than its brilliancy was 
its color, a steel blue-white, whose electric vividness 
impressed many an observer. It had an indescribable 
quality about it that can only be understood by those 
who saw it that night. This day and the preceding, 
the Nova was seen in broad daylight- through the 
great telescopes of Lick and Yerkes. 

Its glory was transient. That night the star be- 
gan to wane, and, as the days went on, it decreased 
evenly in brightness, night by night. On the twenty- 
fifth, it was standard first magnitude, as bright as 
the red star, Aldebaran, in the horn of the Bull; on 
the twenty-sixth it was about the brightness of the 
brighter of the Twins; the next night it had faded 
to an equality with its neighbor, the brightest star 
of the constellation Perseus. On the twenty-eighth 

it experienced a brief increase of light, but from then 
on the fall was steady. A week later, it was a com- 
monplace star of the third magnitude, no brighter 
than when Anderson first saw it. 

Accompanying this change of light, and bound to 
it as cause is to effect, was the marked alteration in 
color. As was said, the first few nights of its ex- 
istence it was bluish white; on Monday it had be- 
come a yellow white, passing rapidly from that, 
through orange, until on the night of the first of 
March it was recorded as deep red. It was like a 
molten mass of metal, which when first taken from 
the furnace glows with white heat, then, as it cools, 
passes into red and finally becomes dark and lifeless. 
Two weeks after its discovery appeared those fluc- 
tuations which are the most noticeable feature of its 
light curve. Gentle and irregular at first, these un- 
dulations gradually increased in extent, until, at the 
end of March, we find it sweeping up through two 
magnitudes and down again within the space of two 
days. At the minimum it was hardly visible. Grad- 
ually the periods lengthened and became more reg- 
ular, but as they did so, the changes in brightness 
became less marked until in July the curve settled 
down into almost a straight line, just below the limit 
of visibility. Thus it has continued since, the light 
gradually failing, until now, twenty months since its 
discovery, it is a star of the ninth magnitude, requiring 
a one-inch telescope to render it visible. Strange to 
say, its color during the last year has been a pro- 
nounced green, probably connected with the nebulous 
character it has assumed. 

The first appearance of a nebula around the Nova 
was recorded by Prof. Max Wolf, of Germany, to- 
wards the end of August, 1901, who in a photograph 
taken at that time discovered a nebulous aureole or 
halo— possibly caused by imperfect refraction— and 
evidences of a much fainter and more extended nebula 
around the star. This was confirmed beyond question 
a month later by Ritchey, of the Yerkes Observatory, 
wb-vsw-ceeded ™ ge"ing an excellent, negative of the 
' Nova regit 1. It was.' plainly seen on this plate that 
an area of fourteen mmutes in diameter— one quarter 
of the apparent disk of the moon— was filled with a 
faint nebula, drawn out into tenuous wisps or spirals 
of light, with irregular condensations in certain spots. 
The next photographs taken were at the Lick Obser- 
vatory, on the 7th and 8th of November. Two days 
later the astronomical world was astounded by the an- 
nouncement of visible motion discovered in the nebu- 
lous condensations. Four of the knots of light had 
been found, on careful comparison of the negatives of 
20th September and 8th November, to have moved a 
minute and a half of an arc in the incredibly short 
time of forty-eight days. This indicated an annual 
motion of eleven minutes. Photographs taken im- 
mediately after amply confirmed the statement. The 
astonishment caused by this announcement may be 
understood when it is considered that up to the present 
time the greatest stellar— or proper— motion ever ob- 
served is eight seconds of arc, an angle only one 
eightieth of the motion now recorded. It is as if sud- 
denly on earth a locomotive should be invented able to 
draw a train at six hundred miles an hour. The mo- 
tion was stupendous, unbelievable. Our minds can 
hardly conceive the velocity represented. If we as- 
sume the Nova, as many recent observations seem to 
show, so far away that its parallax and distance can- 
not be determined, the speed at which the nebula is 
moving cannot be less than the velocity of light, or one 
hundred and eighty-six thousand miles a second— fig- 
ures so immense that they convey no meaning to our 
minds. Even should it prove to be as near as the near- 
est of the fixed stars— a supposition well nigh im- 
possible—it must be moving more than three thou- 
sand miles a second— a linear velocity ten times as 
great as anything else ever observed. And yet it is 
perfectly well established, for subsequent photographs 
not only confirm the movement observed, but indicate 
further motion at the same rate. 

It seems, at first sight, impossible at our enormous 
distance from the star, even to speculate about the pos- 
sible causes of the event just described. Of one thing 

January 3, 1903 



we may be certain, and that is that we have just wit- 
nessed a mighty conflagration. A world, perhaps in- 
habited like our own, has blazed up in an instant and 
gradually died down again to cold and extinction. 
That it was a sudden fire, there can be no doubt. The 
very color changes of the star show that, as it fades 
from white heat through red to invisibility. But what 
caused it? Here we are forced to theorize, making 
use of the meagre facts placed at our disposal by tele- 
scope and spectroscope. 

The hypothesis that first suggests itself is that the 
outbreak was the result of a collision either between 
two dark bodies or between one dark body and a star- 
mist or nebula. By the laws of physics, the motion, 
probably of many miles a second, would be trans- 
formed into intense heat and both globes involved in a 
mass of fire. The effect would be the same if a dark 
world plunged through a cloud of gas, or even of solid 
particles like meteorites, offering more or less resist- 
ance. The spectroscope gives evidence of the pres- 
ence of enormous quantities of ignited hydrogen in 
which the burning mass was enveloped. Of course, 
there are many things against this theory — there is 
hardly one chance in a million that two bodies moving 
independently should come into collision. And yet 
they may have been two or more suns revolving about 
each other, and it is a possible solution that something 
disturbed their equilibrium and caused them to plungs 
one on the other. 

Another — and some think a more probable — theory 
is that the conflagration is the result of volcanic action 
on a world like our own. A tremendous explosion 
takes place and blows away the whole upper crust of 
the globe, disclosing the fire within, which bursts out 
and envelops everything in a blaze of heat. Lumi- 
nous gases are thrown off and projected to enormous 
distances at incredible speed. It is their motion which 
we see in the nebula, as the wisps or condensations of 
light moving away from the central body. It would 
seem, however, that the stupendous velocity observed 
would negative this view ; Ibf. it is hardly likely that an 

h explosion from within co 
I on the other hand, that a 
{ amount of energy transfo 
duce these effects. 

An interesting and not in. 
i advanced by a Dutch scientis 
j was the successive illumin; 
of the central outburst of r, 
I already existent. The move 
I light as it moved from the cei 
cloud-masses as each in turn v 
completely account for the imi 
) lar motion, which, as said abo 
1 velocity of light itself— a mot 
I in any other way. 

Be these theories as they ma 
( cataclysm of which we have beet 
than passing interest. Who can 
' read in it the fate of our world ? 
foretell the destruction of the ean 
tinued eruptions of this year m 
, Indies but all over the world, rem 
rior earth fires are not dead, bu 
[ time — no one knows when. — they t 
involve the world in a great conflag 
: uttermost bounds of stellar space. 



In Five Parts.— Part On 
There is no book like the Bible, 
'might be taken away, and yet we coi 
bf a better day; but let this — the Boo 
destroyed forever, and then surely dan 
Upon the face of the earth. Wherev 
language is spoken there is the Bibk 
and guide. But it was not always so. 
history of the Anglo-Saxon people the I 
Really a sealed book. Christianity had b 
nto the mother land many hundreds 01 

Ud cast off masses of gas, 
collision with its enormous 
med into heat might pro- 

>probable speculation is one 

t, that the motion observed 

ition by the intense light 

lasses of nebulous matter 

ment seen was really the 

itre, reflected to us by the 

ras reached. This would 

nense speed of the nebu- 

/e, may be equal to the 

on almost inexplicable 

', we must regard the 

1 witnesses with more 

say that we may not 

Many old prophecies 

h by fire. The con- 

t only in the West 

\ld us that the inte- 

'l sleeping. At any 

i.y break forth and 

ition, visible to the 

7 ho can tell? 

>r WE GOT IT. 

Ml other books 

Id live in hope 

c of books — be 

ness would be 

- the English 

as a monitor 

Vn the early 

1 ■ was prac- 


/ears before 

the people possessed the Word itself in a language 
they could understand. Learned men were few, and 
largely on the priest did our ancestors have to de- 
pend for their interpretations of Holy Writ. It was 
not until near the beginning of the fifteenth century 
that there was an earnest attempt to give the English 
people the Word of God in their own vernacular. But 
the way for this bad been paved by earlier versions 
of parts of the Bible, called paraphrases. Before tak- 
ing up the English translations proper, it may be well 
to recall the most important of these paraphrasts as 
paving the way for future versions in full. 
The Paraphrasts. 
Anglo-Saxon. — Like many early historical facts, the 
early translators are much obscured in myth and tra- 
dition. But out of these musty ruins we find one 
Caedmon, the first Anglo-Saxon paraphrast of whom 
we have any reliable information. According to Bede, 
Caedmon began his work about the year 680. He was 
a cowherd, poor and ignorant. Being invited to a 
banquet in the neighborhood of the Abbey of Whitby, 
not being able to take part in the singing, he re- 
turned to the abbey sad and dejected, where, throwing 
himself on a pallet he was soon asleep. Here, soon 
after, so the story goes, appeared to Caedmon a vision 
of a celestial personage, who thus addressed him : 
" Caedmon, sing some song to me." 

" I cannot sifig," said Caedmon. " That is why I 
left the banquet." 

" Nevertheless, you shall sing," said the visitant. 
" What shall I sing," he asked. 
"Sing the beginning of created things," he replied. 
" So," the narrative continues, " Caedmon began to 
sing well ordered verses to the praise of God." In 
the morning he was brought before the Abbess Hilda, 
where he astounded all by his recital, and they agreed 
that " heavenly grace " had been conferred upon him. 
He was then commanded to be taught sacred history, 
which he "converted into most harmonious verse; 
and sweetly repeating the same made his masters his 
hearers. Caedmon paraphrased many portions of Old 
Testament history, and the main facts of the life of 
Christ and the preaching of the apostles. Not much 
of his subsequent history is known, and his work was 
not great as considered in modern light ; but his name 
shall always have a place in history, because he was 
the pioneer in giving to the English people, in their 
own tongue, the Holy Scriptures. 

Other translations followed that of Caedmon. In 
the eighth century Eadhelm, Bishop of Sherborne 
and Guthlac, a hermit, translated the Psalms; and 
Egbert, Bishop of Holy Island, brought forth the Gos- 
pels in Anglo-saxon. Yet more important than these 
was the work of the Venerable Bede. This man was 
a famous scholar and a most learned man. He first 
made translations of the apostles' creed and Lord's 
Prayer for the use of ignorant and untutored priests. 
Then he began the work of translating the Gospel of 
Tohn. A striking account of his earnestness to com- 
plete the work he had begun is thus related by one of 
his followers : " On Tuesday before Ascension Day 
Bede, though suffering greatly, had spent in dictating, 
now and then among other things, saying : ' Go on 
quickly, I know not how long I shall hold out, and 
whether my Master will not soon take me away.' 
The next day he was weaker still and he spent it in 
taking a farewell of his comrades of many years. He 
was in happy spirits until evening, when the boy who 
was writing for him said : " Dear Master, there is one 
sentence yet not written." " Write quickly," answered 
Bede. Soon after the boy said, "The sentence is 
now written," and Bede answered, "It is well; you 
have said the truth. It is ended." " So," concludes 
the narrator, " shortly after, sitting on the pavement 
of his cell and singing ' Glory be to the Father, and to 
the Son, and to the Holy Ghost,' he departed to the 
heavenly kingdom." No copy of this translation has 
ever been found, but in the Bodeeian Library at Ox- 
ford may still be seen the old Greek-Latin manuscript 
of the Acts which Bede is known to have used. 

Alfred the Great, King of England, also did a 
large amount of translating from the Latin because 

as he said, " I thought how I saw how the churches 
were filled with treasures of books, and also with multi- 
tudes of God's servants; yet they reaped very little 
fruit of these books, because they could understand 
nothing of them, as they were not written in their 
own native tongue." The best known of these trans- 
lations is that of the ten commandments, to which he 
gave the title " Alfred's Dooms." At the time of 
his death Alfred was engaged upon a translation of 
the Psalms, but did not live to finish it. Several oth- 
er Anglo-Saxon versions of portions of more or less 
value appeared in the following years, but that of 
-Elfric deserves special notice. It appeared about 
the beginning of the eleventh century and consisted of 
the " Gospel of St. Cuthbert," the " Rushworth Gloss," 
an interlinear (Latin and Anglo-Saxon) translation 
of the four Gospels and the " Heptateuch of ^ilfric," 
consisting of the five books of Moses, Joshua, Judges, 
and a few other Old Testament books. It is said that 
his translations were more largely used than those 
of any other paraphrast. 

Anglo-Norman Versions. — During the period of the 
Danish and Norman conquests and invasions, Bible 
translation came to a standstill, but as soon as quiet 
was restored translators again began their work, but 
in a different tongue from the Old English or Anglo- 
Saxon. The coming of the Normans had modified 
the language so much that it was almost a new 
tongue, and is known in the history of Language as 
Middle English. There are still extant several man- 
uscripts of portions of the Scripture in this Anglo- 
Norman tongue. The most noteworthy of these is 
that by one Orme, about 1 150 A. D., called the Or- 
inuhttn, a metrical paraphrase of the Gospels and 
Acts and the Sowhelehe, written one hundred years 
later, being a poetical paraphrase o^ ,^L=^ajj|^ eveIlts 
of Old and New Testament history. ": | espe- 

cially valuable to the linguist, showing as they do the 
change gradually passing over the language. The 
translation of the Psalms by Richard Rolle, hermit of 
Hampole, can l>e read even at this age with compar- 
ative ease. We append herewith a translation of the 
twenty-third Psalm, copied exactly as he wrote it: 
Lord gouerns me and nathynge sail we want : in sted 
of pasture thar he me sett. On the water of rehetyngc- 
( ' ) forth he me broght : my soule he turnyd. 

He led me on the stretis of rightwisnes: for his. 

Ffor whi, if i had gone in myddis of the shadow 
of ded : i sail noght dred illes, for thou ert with me. 
Thi uuand and this staf : thai haf confortyd me. 
Thou has grayid (•) in my sight the bord: agayns 
thaim that angirs me. 

Thou fattid my hened in oyle: and my chalice 
drunkynand what it is bright. 

And thi mercy sail folow me : all the dayes of my lif. 
And that i won (") in the hous of lord: in lengthe 
of dayes. 

Rolle's version was the first attempt at a literal 
prose translation and led the way for the movement 
which we shall consider in our next paper, the whole 
Bible for the people, which idea does not seem to 
have occurred to any one until the time of John Wy- 
cliffe whose life and work we shall attempt to consider. 
803 North Main St., Belief ontaine, Ohio. 

1 Prepared. 

' Refreshing. 

1 Dwell. 



The word literally means a thousand years. Our 
topic designates a definite period of a thousand years 
mentioned in the twentieth chapter of Revelation. 
This period will be ushered in, first, by the taking of 
the beast and false prophet, and casting them alive 
into a lake of fire burning with brimstone (Rev. 19 : 
20) ; second, by the destruction of the remnant of 
the army who made war against him that sat on 
the horse, and against his army (Rev. 19: 21) ; third, 
by the binding of Satan, and casting him into the 
bottomless pit, and sealing him up for a thousand 
years, that he should deceive the nations no more, 



till the thousand years be fulfilled (Rev. 20: 1-3). 
All the Lord's opposers being destroyed, and Satan 
himself being- bound in the bottomless pit, all that 
then shall live during the thousand years on this earth 
will realize that it will be good for them to be here. 
Fourth, the dead saints will be resurrected, and then 
" they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall 
reign with him a thousand years." Rev. 20; 4-6. 
11 This is the first resurrection." Verse four refers 
to two classes of the dead saints. Those who were 
beheaded, " and such as worshiped not the beast " 
(R. V.). If Christ and the resurrected saints will 
reign on this earth during the millennium, then he 
will be acknowledged as Christ said in Matt. 23 : 39. 
" Who will populate this earth during the millen- 
nium/" Certainly all those who are left, both of 
Gentiles and Jews. Isa. 11 : 10, 12. Can we answer 
the question more definitely ? Nay, verily, nay. Can 
anyone doubt whether Isaiah 1 1 refers to the millen- 
nial period ? Then go with us to Isaiah 65. Too 
many comments will make this essay too voluminous. 
" As the days of a tree are the days of my people, 
and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their 
hands." A vigorous, healthy, and uninjured oak is 
said to live one thousand years. " There shall be no 
more thence an infant of days," etc. See also Ezek. 
34:20; Hosea 2:14-23. True, millenarians are 
yet in the flesh, hence in a state of probation. But 
the surrounding influence is most favorable. The 
beast and false prophet and their army being de- 
stroyed, there will be no destruction. Satan, " the 
prince of the power of the air," being imprisoned, 
hence moral evil will be mostly at home ; physical 
evil, that is, disease and sickness, will be " far and 
between." If Moses and Elias could so much 
strengthen Christ, what will Christ and his saints be 
to the good on the earth during the millennium? 

This leads to another question : " Will there be good 
people left who will not have part in the first resur- 
rection, and still have a chance to be saved at the 
second, resurrection ? " The careful reader will say, 
Yes. If any one is in doubt read Rom. 11 : 25-27 ; 2 
Cor. 3: 13-17. But before this comes to pass there 
will be another epoch. At the end of the thousand 
years " Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and 
shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the 
four quarters of the earth," etc. Rev. 20: 7-9. 

So few deaths taking place during the millennium, 
there will be an innumerable number of people liv- 
ing at the end, of whom Satan will deceive many. 
" Gog and Magog," that is, all that Satan deceived, 
will be as the sand of the sea. 

Now comes Satan's last effort. He with this in- 
numerable army " will compass the camp of the saints 
about, and the beloved city," Who are these saints? 
Not the resurrected saints. The Bible places the 
Christian warfare this side of death and the resur- 
rection. But the saints " beat their swords into plow- 
shares, and their spears into pruninghooks." They 
need not fight, for " fire came down from God out 
of heaven, and devoured them." " And the devil that 
deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brim- 
stone, where the beast and false prophet are, and 
shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever." 
Here ends the scene. So drops the curtain. 

What a suspense ! But only for a moment. Now 
comes the general resurrection and the universal judg- 
ment. What a scene! "Who shall be able to 
stand?" "Blessed and holy is he that hath part in 
the first resurrection : on such the second death hath 
no power, but they shall be priests of God and of 
Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years." 
Hartville, Ohio. 



But now we must take our leave of the land of the 
Pharaohs and Pyramids, as well as of the enchanted 
Orient, and bend our steps towards the lands of the 
setting sun. For— O joy, the thought I— when once 
we reached Wady Haifa, the southernmost limit of our 

journey, and turned back on our track we were — how- 
ever far the journey, however long the time — " home- 
zvard bound! " This sentiment was not without its 
influence upon our spirits, even then. But when we 
had actually reached Alexandria and embarked in the 
good ship " Umberto Primo " for a European port, 
then, especially, were our minds occupied with 
thoughts of the return to the homeland. Getting back- 
to Europe with the same civilization and culture as 
ours seemed almost like being in the nighbprhood of 
home. Alas ! for one of our party who has long been 
a " prisoner of hope " within its borders. 

The three days' sail from Alexandria across the Med- 
iterranean diagonally to Naples was uneventful until 
we came within sight of Italy and then sailed between 
the mainland and Sicily. Here the characteristic 
charm of the famous Italian scenery with its 
peculiar, irregular mountains clothed in the del- 
icate green of early spring, mottled here and there 
with brown and gray, sometimes draped with white 
mists and again crowned with February's gusty clouds, 
with now and then a noble villa or a snug little village 
nestled among the hills, — this mingling of rugged gran- 
deur and picturesque beauty stretching away before us 
northward, on both sides, deeply impressed two wan- 
derers gazing up from a stormy sea, perhaps the more 
because they were just returned from a voluntary exile 
in the Orient that was not so long, perhaps, as it seemed, 
and such scenes, though unfamiliar and not wholly 
like their own pictures of memory in any particular, 
yet bore many suggestions of that security and home 
comfort and peace which is the glory of their native 

At Messina, one of the chief towns of Sicily, our ship 
stopped for the biggest part of the day, and we made 
use of the opportunity to disembark in a small boat 
and see something of a Sicilian city and its surround- 
ings. How we wished for time to see more of the 
island and especially the volcano, Mt. Etna! But 
other circumstances did not permit, and so by even- 
ing we returned to the " Umberto " for another night's 

From here there accompanied us a rather unusual 
crowd of passengers and not altogether of their own 
choice. It was a gang of prisoners, handcuffed and 
chained together. I presume they were government 
prisoners taken for safe keeping to Naples. 

As we approached the bay of Naples next morning 
we felt not altogether unacquainted, for into this har- 
bor we had sailed from New York five months before, 
it being the first foreign shore on whose soil we had 
ever been, and how after one's first sea voyage one 
sets his eager feet once more on terra Urnia is not easily 
forgotten. We had spent just one day in the city and 
then had sailed out of the same harbor again. 

And so we began to look for familiar scenes. Out 
there was the island of Capri lifting itself high up out 
of the sea, and over on the mainland stood grand old 
Vesuvius still smoking away as of old in the self-same 
fashion, and the smoke and steam rolled away, min- 
gling with the clouds of condensed vapor that usually 
settle not far above his lofty head. But on this particu- 
lar morning a rather unusual sight met the traveler's 
eye. The majestic old monarch had mantled himself 
in his ermine robe, for the night had been cold and 
the fleecy snow chilled the air. We passed him as he 
still sat in state in the morning sunlight and left him to 
our right. Ahead of us was the city spread out over 
the sloping hillside in a wide sweep around the bay. 

The views also from the city out to sea and other- 
wise are very beautiful, and it is said that perhaps no 
other place in Europe combines so much scenic beautv 
with so many things of historical importance as Naples. 
Here, then, we must remain a week or more to studv 
the various objects of interest and of some of these 
you shall hear in others of these letters. 


Aim at perfection in everything, though in most 
things it is unattainable; however who aim at it and 
persevere will come much nearer to it than those 
whose laziness and despondency make them give it up 
as unattainable. — Chesterfield. 


'Tis New Year's Day— first of the year! 
As others fraught with moments dear; 
We meditate, and justly fear 
We may not rightly spend them, 
But, while we ponder, let us pray 
That God through each succeeding day. 
While speedily they fly away 
Will teach us how to spend them, 
f know not what my life may be, 
I know not what these eyes may see, 
I only hope I may be free 
From Satan's mighty power; 
I only trust that I may own 
My dearest Lord to heaven gone, 
That many vict'rys may be won 
By his almighty power. 

I care not what my lot may be, 
I care not what these eyes may see, 
I care not if from sin I'm free, 
Made free by heaven's pardon; 
What work there is for me to do, 
What path I must for him pursue. 
Or trials yet I must go through, 
If I may feel his sanction. 
I give to him myself, my all. 
Before his throne I'll daily fall 
And on him humbly, gladly call, 
Imploring aid divine. 
And then, when all the days have gone, 
When all the vict'rys have been won 
When all the year's work has been done 
Great blessing will be mine. 
Dayton, Ohio. 



One of the elements of success is, to " keep going " ' 
— keep at it. The pupil who " keeps going," to~school, 
and sticks to his books willfbecome the scholar, though 
of ordinary talent. Th£ ^^-^^-fc^is 0?"- *n,V 
swinging the axe.will dowil t he giant oak. The '[ 

laborer who " "keeps \ » irl his daily routine of 
work will amass a su£ y for aU the needs { Ufe. 
The wayfaring man j keeps go ; ng( » st ep by step, 
realizes at evening th has made a successful days* 
journey. To "keepj g » is a str iking feature in 
the works of God. TL moon and starS( a n <■ keep 
going." The waves r ides of thg Qcean « keep g0 _ 
ing." The earth d axis .. keeps going ." The 
seasons;' the dayl nd the n i g hts, and the 
years " keep going | generatio ns of people " keep 
going," while othe|' ke their placeS- The beat of 
the heart " keeps gc\, mt[] the » mu ffl e d drum " can 
beat no more; whj^ pitcher is broken at the foun- 
tain, and the wheel the cistern 

It is equally ne ary t0 « kee p go i ng ". spiritually 
in order to win t^ ce To cease going means stag- 
nation, and deatjp aul says «j press toward the 
mark," Phil. 3: j. ^ he ,< kept go i n g," whether in 
prison or at libef^ ' gea or land; in pe rils f rom his 
enemies; in hun^ cdd He wouM f orget the 
past and press o| ird __a keep going .- 

The term " gqS, implies a p i ace of starting, and 
a place of ending These extremes may be wide apart, 
and require ma^ step from start to finish and to 
finish our courJ with j and not ^h gr i e f, we 
must "keep gL» nQf . look back It j s easy to 
" keep going " ^ Hght of the noon day sun, but very 
difficult to take step in m } dn i g ht darkness. In our 
Christian journ fcne way _ at timeSi may seem so dar k 
that we can d j gee a small step . in advance, but we 
must take tha u step _.« keep going ." The next 
step will likeW longerj and at each additional step the 
light increased m QUr pathway s hines with the light 
of heaven aj aU because we " kept going." If 
you should & Jce tQ fallj rise aga i n David-like, and 
" keep goingi ei i If ^ Dev ii has lied a bout you just 
" keep going* If ^ the dogs ; n t he neighborhood 
bark at y°u rt stop. If all the dogs in the world 
were to ba J M tne mo0 n at he same time, the moon 
would simp s p , ikeep going » and shining, and pay no 

January 3, 1903 



attention to the dogs. " Keep going " in Bible read- 
ing, in prayer, in watching, in attending Sunday school 
and church, in visitations to the sick and the poor ; let 
not duty, persecution or danger turn you aside. 

Let the minister, especially, " keep going " in his 
holy mission and not allow an appointment to be neg- 
lected because of muddy roads, of a little inclemency 
of the weather, but rather " redouble his diligence." 
If the criticism — " He is too old," " He has served his 
day," " He is worn out," " He ought to be on the 
shelf," grates upon your ear, " keep going." Do what 
you xan, be it ever so little. It is said of John, the be- 
loved disciple of Jesus that when he was so old that 
he was borne to the church and could say nothing 
more he would simply say, " Little children, love one 
another." He kept going. The .Divine hand of the 
dear Savior is in close touch with ours. He knows 
each step of the way. He trod the way first, and if we 
"keep going," faithful to the end, his presence and 
help is assured, and when the last step is made, and 
this tabernacle will fall, he will say, " It is enough, 
come up higher." May this be the motto of every 
Christian heart, "Onward! Onward!" with the ar- 
mor On, facing the foe till the victory is won, and a 
crown of unfading glory will be ours to wear through 
all eternity. 

Morrill, Kansas. 

cessity, therefore, of some great, critical, formative 
change in man may be assumed as a truth on which the 
mind of the race is substantially a unit. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 




Without regeneration the costly service of Christ 
is barren of advantage. That all men, without ex- 
ception, need to be changed in moral character, is man- 
ifest, not only from Scripture, but also from rational 

Holiness, or conformity to the fundamental moral 
attribute of God, is the indispensable condition of se- 
curing the divine favor, of attaining peace of con- 
science and of preparing the soul for the associations 
and employments of the blest. The condition of uni- 
versal humanity as by nature depraved, and, when ar- 
rived at moral consciousness, as guilty of actual trans- 
gression, is precisely opposite of that holiness without 
which the soul cannot exist in normal relation to God, 
or to holy beings. A radical change is therefore req- 
uisite in every human soul — a change in that which 
constitutes its character. This is clearly set forth in 
the following Scriptures : " Ye must be born again." 
" By nature children of wrath, even as the rest." 
" There is none that understandeth, there is none that 
seeketh after God." " Neither is circumcision any- 
thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature." " The 
sanctification without which no man shall see the 

To a holy mind the distinctive idea in the condition 
of this world is that of guilt. It is not dignity ; it is 
not beauty ; it is not wisdom ; it is nof power ; it is guilt. 
It is not weakness; it is not misfortune; it is 
not suffering; it is not death; it is guilt. The great 
religious systems of the world have been founded upon 
the conviction that man must be changed. Men have 
sought to change themselves by most laborious and 
cunning devices. By baptismal rites, by holy anoint- 
ings, by branding with mysterious symbols, by ablu- 
tions in consecrated rivers ; by distortions of conscience 
in rites of which it is a shame to speak, — a man has 
struggled to change himself, that he might be prepared 
to dwell at last under the pure eye of God. 

It is impressive to observe how pantheism in its 
wildest freaks is dragged toward a doctrine of re- 
generation. The idea haunts it. Its apostles tell us 
of a certain stage in individual history at which the 
soul must awake and bestir itself, and struggle as if in 
the throes of birth. They tell us of the tumult and tor- 
ment of this crisis of internal life. They profess to 
tell us how the soul may make its way out of this 
chaos of distress, into a noble, perfect manhood ; how 
the soul may once more feel around it the fresh breath 
of the open sky, and over it the clear smile of heaven ; 
how love is again to suffuse the world, and over every 
cloud of mystery, to be cast a.bow of peace. This ne- 


Barbara had been unusually busy during Septem- 
ber; she was putting up fruit. Her mother helped 
whenever she was able, but an attack of rheumatism 
confined her to her couch part of the time. So Bar- 
bara spiced pears and made preserves and boiled jelly. 
But when it came to peaches she read the recipes in 
the cookbook, which had been followed with perfect 
success by her neighbors. Robert said there was 
something positively uncanny in the way she silently 
weighed the fruit and sugar, and then solemnly stirred 
and brewed over a kettle. One day he asked her 
whether the incantations were efficacious. But her 
only reply was, "There they're burning!" and she 
hastily removed the kettle from the fire. 

One day she intended to can tomatoes and do the 
week's ironing; the clothes were hanging all about 
the kitchen like flags at halfmast; the sweeping and 
dusting had to be done. Robert came in saying, " Sis, 
I believe there will be company for dinner." 
" Surely not, Robert! " 

" What's the trouble? The regular, beaming com- 
pany smile is not forthcoming. Does the larder need 
replenishing? I'll eat at the second table if it's nec- 
essary ; I'll do anything in reason, Sis, to help you out." 
" Who is coming? " 

" Mr. Smith and Mr. Davis and an old lady. I 
heard Pa invite them, and I immediately felt a desire 
to be the harbinger of such good news." 

Barbara knew that he came because he wanted to 
help her out of her predicament. He dusted the din- 
ing room and set the table before he went to school. 
Barbara baked pies and biscuit and worked hard to 
prepare a good dinner. Twelve o'clock came all too 
soon; Robert helped her to wait on the table. Her 
father seemed to enjoy the dinner with his friends. 
Barbara accompanied them to the parlor where a pleas- 
ant hour was spent in conversation. Then the visitors 
went with her father down town and Barbara returned 
to the kitchen, where she washed dishes and planned an 
attack on those tomatoes that would finish them that 
afternoon. She thought regretfully too of her music 
lesson. The entire family were proud of her singing 
and determined that if possible Barbara must some day 
" have advantages " which their straitened circum- 
stances had so far denied her. 

Now, there was the telephone bell. Mrs. Brown, 
her neighbor, was going down town, would Barbara 
take care of her three children until she came back. 

" Yes, I will be there in half an hour," she answered. 
So she put awav all thoughts of her tomatoes as well 
as her music while she helped Carl to build bridges 
and church towers ; she rocked the baby to sleep and 
then told stories until their mother returned. " It is 
the first time I have been down town for two months," 
she explained to Barbara, " I just had to go to-day." 
She went home and proceeded to. get the tea-table 
ready. She had placed her last dozen of cans on a 
shelf in the cellar suspended from the ceiling by wires. 
Going to the cellar now, for something she needed. 
Barbara saw that the shelf was missing. Down on 
the cellar floor lav shelf and cans and peaches in one 
indiscriminate mass. Barbara gave just one glance, 
then she turned and went slowly and wearily upstairs 
I have met my Waterloo! " she said 


to the kitchen 
to Robert. 


" In the cellar." 

Robert took the lamp and went to reconnoiter. 
long, low whistle escaped him ; then he said. " The wire 
was rusted and broke. It is a perfect shame. The 
way she worried with those peaches." Then, though 
he hated the spring housecleanings and de Spl sed wash- 
days, and liked things in the house comfortable all the 
time yet he decided that this was the wrong time for 

a fellow to be fastidious. He went to the barn r 
brought in a bucket and a shovel and proceeded to 
clear away the " wreckage." as Uncle Henry termed it 
when he assisted. Barbara meanwhile was upstairs 
floundering helplessly in a slough of despondency. 

" I hear that this has been an unlucky day," said 
Uncle Henry. 

" Even the cream pitcher tipped over at noon, and 
there was just a little bit left to put on the table for 
dinner," said Barbara almost crying. 

" Just as I told you," said Robert " we have had 
to bear up against a sea of trouble. If to-morrow's 
cargo of woes is as great as this. I'll run away and be 
a cowboy." 

They took no notice of this threat. Uncle Henry 
said to Barbara. " You have done very well to-day. 
What credit is there in being good, if the days glide 
by so smoothly as never to disturb our feelings or try 
our patience?" And Barbara felt her heart grow 
lighter as she listened to his praise. 

In the best regulated households such days will come, 
particularly where there are children in the family. 
By being patient and enduring all things, strength 
is given for even greater trials. Some girls would 
have given way to a shower of tears at the first diffi- 
culty, and brought unhappincss to their parents. An 
old verse says, 

" Oh. what a glorious record. 
Had the angels of me kept, 
Had I done instead of doubted. 
Had I warred instead of wept." 

A woman who is able to fight through a series of 
domestic difficulties, and remain sweet and serene is. 
more than a conqueror. By this means she cultivates, 
poise. This quality will bring into play all the good 
sense we possess, and prevent us from giving way to 
our feelings. Poise enables us to be something like 
an elastic band which stretches on a day of disaster, 
but stretches no wider than is required; and when 
the strain is removed it returns again to its normal con- 
dition. If Barbara had scolded and nagged her father 
for bringing company home when she was so busy, 
his peace and comfort would have been gone for that 
day. A woman with a bail temper can soon make a 
wretched place of home, sweet home. Her husband 
must emulate the serpent in wisdom and prove him- 
self harmless as a dove, if he would escape reproach. 

A day like this makes us more ready to sympathize 
with others. It gives us a desire to help this suffer- 
ing world. There is no cold so bitter as a cold heart. 
If we grow selfish and hard, it will avail nothing if we 
should gain the whole world— our part of the world 
which we desire to possess. There is no room in 
heaven for the selfish soul. 

You remember that '•upon the top of the pillars " 
in the porch of Solomon's temple was lily work ; " So 
was the work of the pillars finished." The symbolism 
seems plain. We should be strong to endure the trials, 
disappointments and discouragements which come to 
each one ; in this wav we have good, supporting pillars. 
Then if we can forget our crosses and our losses and 
maintain self-composure under trying circumstances, 
making those around us happy by our love and tender 
care that is the lilv decoration for the good, strong 
pillars of a Christian character. We may be sure that 
God sees something to commend in the things we grieve 
over In the days which seem to us so marred and 
broken, there is the promise of a future harvest of use- 
fulness and beauty and right living. 

"Whose life is bare and hard; whose eyes 
Scarce dare the hills where heaven lies; 
Hindered by friend, misjudged by foe. 
Heaven is [or him who fails below." 

Covington, Ohio. 

The church of Jesus Christ in this country can never 
fulfill her mission to the world until she rids herself of 
complicity with the infamy of all times-the liquor 
traffic. She may not be able to kill the saloon now. 
but she must be able to hold up clean hands before 
God and say. " I am free." 


January 3, 1903 



An Essay in Two Parts.— Part I. 
Be sober, be vigilant, for your adversary, the devil, as 
a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may de- 
vour.— I Peter 5: 8. 

A question of existence! Is there such a being as 
the devil, a personal devil, one who is endowed with 
the attributes constituting personality? Such, for ex- 
ample, as the exercise of the reasoning faculties, mem- 
ory, argumentative powers, speech, the ability to per- 
suade others to some adverse course of conduct, fa- 
miliarity with the events of history, an acquaintance 
with the rules of rhetoric and logic; in short, a be- 
ing endowed with the attributes and accomplishments 
of humanity. 

We contend that such a personage is set forth in 
■the Scriptures, of both the Old and the New Testa- 
ments, and is distinctly and persistently called the 
devil! On the other hand, this declaration is as stout- 
ly denied and persistently ignored by a great many 
intelligent and, seemingly, honest people. They assert 
that such a being as a personal devil, endowed with 
such characteristics, is a myth existing only in the 
imagination, a figure of speech, or. at best, a 
theological " bugaboo," set up by preachers, or by 
devout laymen, to frighten children, or over-credulous 
adults, into being good. 

These skeptical people contend that all the devil 
there is consists of the evil passions inherent in hu- 
man nature. They assert, most emphatically, that all 
we need to escape any dangers that may threaten 
us from that quarter—" the wiles of the devil " — lies 
in the timely and prudent restraint of our evil pas- 
sions; in other words, the control of these morbid 
impulses. This, they contend, constitutes all that is 
embraced in the divine warning, "Resist the devil, 
and he will flee from you." 

Those who deny the existence of a personal devil 
(or the possibility of his existence) ask, in a spirit 
of triumphant doubt, " Who made the devil ? " 
" Where did he come from ? " " What was the pur- 
pose of his creation?" "Where does he reside?" 
"' What is his occupation ? " Before attempting any 
answer to these seemingly pertinent queries, let us 
go back to the prime question itself, to-wit, the ex- 
istence of a personal devil. If there is no such a be- 
ing, then we need proceed no further with our in- 
vestigation. But we contend, most earnestly, that 
there is such a being as a personal devil ; and, more- 
over, that he is the great adversary of the human 
soul, the archenemy both of God and of man, and 
whose chief purpose, whose sole object and aim, is 
the ruin of the soul. He is the great enemy of the 
race, against whose evil designs and artful schemes 
we are continually advised to be on our guard. He 
is an adversary of no mean ability, for he is endowed 
with all the attributes of a high grade of personality. 
What constitutes personality? We answer, the pos- 
session of both mental and physical powers! Such a 
being must be capable of exercising the powers of 
reason, judgment, comparison, memory, argument and 
other powers of the mind. He must also have a 
material body, one we can see. feel and know to be 
there. This tangible body must possess the powers 
of locomotion, the power to transport itself from one 
locality to another, and this subject to the will and 
pleasure of its owner or possessor. We contend that 
the being set forth in the Scriptures, and called the 
devil, has all the qualities, both of body and mind, 
so absolutely essential to personality; and, moreover, 
we also assert that, on divers notable occasions, he 
has exhibited these diversified powers. 

When we shall have established these undeniable 
facts, by the introduction of the most unimpeachable 
testimony, we will then proceed to the consideration 
of his origin, his occupation and the purpose of his 
creation, so far as they have been revealed to us in 
the Word of God. 

As an example we might, in the first place, refer to 
the temptation of our blessed Savior. On this notable 

occasion we observe that the devil exhibits intellectual 
powers in a very rare degree. He exercises the gift 
of memory. He quotes Scripture, and he quotes what 
was written of old time, correctly; thus showing his 
familiarity with the Divine Record. 

Seated on a pinnacle of the temple, he requests 
our adorable Redeemer to cast himself down from 
that giddy height, stating that it could be done with 
safety, for, says he (the devil says), "It is written," 
etc., showing his knowledge of Scripture. " Then the 
devil taketh him to the top of an exceeding high moun- 
tain," and showeth him the kingdoms of this world 
and the glory thereof, offering to bestow all this 
grandeur on the Son of God if he would bow down 
and worship him (the devil). O what horrible blas- 
phemy was that! horrible! horrible! The fact stated 
that the devil took our glorious Savior to the " top 
of an exceeding high mountain," shows that he could 
travel about, when and where he pleased. The devil 
also reasons very cunningly at this time. He remem- 
bers that our blessed Savior was not only divine, but 
human in his nature, in order that he might become 
our great High Priest, subject to like sympathies, 
temptations, feelings, etc., with those he came to save. 
He had, therefore, taken upon himself the form of 
our common humanity. He was rich, but for our 
sakes he became poor, was " a man of sorrows and 
acquainted with grief;", and while "the foxes had 
holes, and the birds of the air had nests, yet the 
Son of man had not where to lay his head." All the 
sufferings and temptations to which mankind were li- 
able also came to him, and yet he was without sin. 

He had just now emerged from a fiery ordeal. 
For a period of forty days and forty nights he had 
tasted no food. What a suffering that comprised we 
cannot know or conceive. There is nothing but the 
simple statement, " and he was an hungered ! " To 
meet this cruel need the tempter says, " Command 
that these stones be made bread " ! How easy for 
the Son of God to relieve those frightful pangs! 
Why should One, who claims all power in heaven as 
well as in earth, suffer with tortures such as these? 
Let us behold an exhibition of these divine powers! 
A more cunning and moving appeal, in view of all 
the environments, could not have been made ! So here 
we see the evil one, the devil, Satan — for by all these 
names the tempter is known — clothed with the pow- 
ers of speech, excercising the faculties of memory, 
reason and argument, which are the undeniable traits 
of personal being; and, moreover, possessed of a tan- 
gible body, fully capable of moving about from place 
to place as the owner thereof may see proper to do. 
All these bodily powers — we cannot fail to observe — 
are under the control of the devil's will or mind! 
What more is, or can be, needed to constitute per- 
sonality — a personal devil ? The proposition is incon- 
testably proven! We submit the case to the jury 
and are ready for the verdict ! 
Kansas City, Kans. 

. In the midst of his heavenly vision on the house- 
top, Peter heard the knock which commanded him 
to set out on the journey to Ca:sarea. He did not 
tarry long with the vision, but descended to the serv- 
ice for which the* vision was only a preparation. So 
what the Christian calls " attending divine service " 
— going to church and prayer meeting — is only the 
vision, the preparation for. the service that is knock- 
ing all the time eagerly at his doors. — Exchange. 


CHRISTIAN LIVING.— Phil. 4: 1-13- 

Golden Text. — Rejoice in the Lord always. — Philpp. 4:4- 
By Christian living we mean such a manner of 
living as our Father in heaven would have us live. 
The apostle Paul knew as well as any other man of 
his day what kind of living this should be, and for 
this reason was well qualified to give good and safe 
advice. In the first verse he gives the foundation of 
all right living. " Stand fast in the Lord," which 

means stand firm in living all the time, everywhere, 
the Christ life. In doing this there can be no risk; 
we can make no mistake because his was the per- 
fect life. Living it will mean good to ourselves, to 
our neighbor, to the world at large, and be an honor 
and glory to God. And to do all this meets the high- 
est purpose of our creation. 

Between Euodias and Syntyche there was proba- 
bly some disagreement, and the advice is that they 
should settle their differences and be of the same 
mind, that they might work harmoniously together 
in the work of the Lord. This advice comes to us 
with equal force. Every word and act in fighting 
about our little differences is a loss of united effort. 
The only way to become one-minded is to remember 
that we are human; differently constituted, environed 
and taught. And because of this we cannot all see 
alike in the things that touch our individual lives ; but 
in laboring to save souls we can all unite, be of one 

In the third verse we have another phase of Chris- 
tian living; "Help the women which labored with 
me in the gospel." The apostle Paul was already be- 
ginning to break away from the rigid Jewish idea of 
female seclusion, and was not only willing to accept 
the help of women in the work of saving souls, but 
pressed their right of consideration on his fellow-la- 
borers. Paul's concern was not so much who did 
the work as it was the character of the work done. 
If these sisters had been helpful to him, they could 
be equally helpful to others. And therefore he com- 
mended them to his brethren, asking that they be 
helped in their work. 

A good lesson to us men workers. We do not, 
perhaps, encourage and help our sisters in their work 
in the church as we should. 

In the fifth verse we have another important thought 
given in right living: " Let your moderation be known 
to all men." Many of us are impulsive, heady, in- 
temperate and even selfish in our notions and ways 
of doing things, and are apt to press our views on 
others and try to make them think and do as we do. 
This is exercising the spirit of immoderation. It is 
selfish and always leads to trouble. The Lord never 
intended that our duties to each other or to him should 
be forced. Our service, to be acceptable, must be 
voluntary, and our teaching ought all to be along 
this line. Teach, not force, them to observe all things. 
In our Christian living we are not to be despondent 
and over-anxious ; but in everything, " by prayer and 
supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be 
made known to God." How beautiful and appro- 
priate are these words! Our requests are all to be 
made known to God. Certainly they should be, as 
he is the only source through which our good can 
come. Others have, to give to us, and we have, to 
give to them, only as it comes from the Lord. But 
our requests are to be made known through thanks- 
giving. We are to feel and show loving and appre- 
ciative dispositions and hearts. 

In the eighth verse we have the summation ot 
the whole recipe of Christian living. Here we have 
it bundled and bound together as in a comprehensive 
whole. It is truly the gospel of right living and in- 
cludes every element of the kind of lives we should 
all live. The verse will bear careful reading and re- 
reading until we get the divine impress fully fixed 
in our minds and hearts. He. himself, being a living 
example of the teaching, " Because," he says. " these 
things ye have heard me teach, and seen me do." 

And the lesson closes with an acknowledgment of 
his appreciation of what his brethren and sisters had 
done for him. As far as they had opportunity they 
had administered to his wants, and with this he was 
satisfied. In whatsoever state or condition he found 
himself, he learned therein to be contented, which 
is the great secret of a happy life. Like the poor 
widow, with a crust of bread and Jesus, she was hap- 
py. How much does it take to make us happy? It 
depends largely on our heart-sight and faith-sight. 
Through Christ Jesus, who strengtheneth me, I can 
do all things. H. B. B. 



January 3, 1903 






In golden youth when seems the earth 
A summer-land of singing mirth; 
When souls are glad and hearts are light, 
And not a shadow lurks in sight; 
We do not know it, but there lies 
Somewhere veiled under evening skies, 
A garden which we all must see — 
The garden of Gethsemane. 
With joyous steps we go our ways, 
■ Love lends a halo to our days; 
Light sorrows sail like clouds afar. 
We-Jaugh and say how strong we are. 
We hurry on; and, hurrying, go 
Close to the borderland of woe, 
That waits for you, and waits for me— 
Forever waits Gethsemane. 
Down shadowy lanes, across strange strean 
Bridged over by our broken dreams; 
Behind the misty caps of years, 
Beyond the great salt-fount of tears 
The garden lies. Strive as you may. 
You can not miss it in your way, 
All paths that have been, or shall be, 
Pass somewhere through Gethsemane. 

All those who journey, soon or late, 
Must pass within the garden's gate; 
Must kneel alone in darkness there, 
And battle with some fierce despair. 
God pity those who cannot say, 
" Not mine, but thine," who only pray, 
" Let this cup pass," and cannot see 
The purpose in Gethsemane. 
Dundee, Ohio. 



WHO-does not enjoy being in company with those 
who are well read, or are in some way one's su- 
perior, that one may gain something from such com- 
panionship ? 

But as a certain minister has said, " It is unfair 
to be continually feasting on the good things of oth- 
ers, and never giving anything in return." Does not 
the Bible say it is even more blessed to give than 
to receive ? 

There are so many ways of gaining knowledge 
these times. It is not always necessary to go to col- 
lege in order to get an education, although in school is 
acquired a discipline that is not found elsewhere. 

However, it is the every-day picking up and storing 
of practical ideas that broadens the understanding 
and expands the mind. The self-made men and wom- 
en are so scarce that many conclude they are a farce. 

Too many think their education stops when they 
quit school. Our schooldays are only a preliminary 
or foundation for life's building. 

We must learn " to labor and to wait." Labor 
while we have strength, and in old age await the com- 
ing of the Master, for to those who have ripened in 
usefulness, his step will be gentle, and his touch light, 
and they have only a step from this time-world to a 
broader and higher sphere of enjoyable work. 

Lafarge had his studio open for twenty years be- 
fore he sold a picture. But never in all that time 
did he condescend to do inferior work. He realized 
the only way to success was over the road called 

If great artists are questioned as to their meth- 
ods, they will invariably say that they are not work- 
ing for the present. 

What lessons to be drawn! God might have sent 
his Son in more pomp and glory than man could 
imagine, or Christ might have taken authority upon 
himself to gain notoriety. But he chose rather to live 
in poverty and seeming disgrace, that God might be 
glorified, and that the scheme of redemption might 
not be lost. 

It behooves the Christian, with an eye of faith, to 
look beyond this vale of time, nor stoop to vain show, 
though it might bring present popularity. 

Every time we throw our influence on the side of 
true education, which goes hand in hand with Chris- 
tianity, we have our lamps trimmed and burning. 
Let us not drop off into lethargy and neglect the 

Would that Channing's symphony, which appeared 
in a late Messenger, might be read and assimilated 
by every member of our Fraternity; for it is said 
to contain more than any other paragraph outside of 
the Bible. It is not to be supposed that person is 
living who considers himself thoroughly intellectual, 
for the more we learn, the more we see before us to 
be unfolded. 

Franklin Grove, Hi 


By permission of the Nettle Creek council a few of 
the sisters of the congregation organized an Aid Soci- 
ety on Feb. 18, 1902. 

Since then we have had thirty-five meetings? en- 
rolled thirty-six active members and forty-four benev- 
olent members. Some of the older sisters are among 
our most active workers, one eighty-five years old driv- 
ing as far as five miles in fhe country to an all-day 

During this time we have made 112 garments, quilt- 

nds of 

had snapped and the spirit fled. In her pocket were 
found these lines, neatly written on a sheet of clean 
paper : 

On the street, on the street. 

Midnight finds my straying feet; 

Hark the sound of pealing bells. 

Ah, the tales their music tells! 

Happy hours forever gone; 

Happy childhood, peaceful home; 

Then a mother on me smiled, 

Then a father owned his child; — 

Vanish, mocking vision sweet! 

Still I wander on the street. 

On the street, on the street, 
Whither tend my wandering feet? 
Love and hope and joy are dead — 
Not a place to lay my head; 
Every door against me sealed. 
Hospital and Potter's Field, 
These stand open. Wider yet 
Swings perdition's yawning gate, 
Thither tend my wandering feet. 
On the street, on the street. 

On the street, on the street, 
Late I walk with weary_ feet. 
Oh! that this sad life might end; 
Oh! that I might find One Friend- 
One who would not from me turn. 
Nor my prayer of sorrow spurn, 
Ohl that I that Friend could see- 
He would pitying look on me; 
Such as I have kissed his feel : 

On the street, on the street. 

On the street, on the street. 

Might I here a Savior meet! 

From the blessed far-off years 

Comes the story of her tears 

Whose sad heart, with sorrow broke, 

Heard the words of love he spoke; 

Heard him bid her anguish cease; 

Heard him whisper: " Go in peace! " 

Oh! that I might kiss his feet— 

On the street, nn the strict! 

The next day, the once lovely form was taken away, 
laid in an unmarked grave. Whence she came, and 
who had been her friends, no one knows. But site 
was some mother's loving daughter. She may have 
been lured from home and then lost in sin. But no 
one knows. This is the story of hundreds who have 
gone from pure homes to the haunts of sin. 

ed 16 quilts, knotted 19 comforts, sewed 94 poun 

carpet rags, made seven comfort tops, donated and pre- 

But it is all due to the fact that people have not ^ ^^ {or ^ yardg of carpet for or phans' home, 

sent one box to Chicago mission and are sending one to 

learned to study and think for themselves, 

No strictly conscientious person will allow a day 
to go by in which he has not learned and riveted at 
least one important truth. 

We have little or no account of Christ's life between 
his twelfth and thirtieth years. But we know that 
he worked physically, and is it unreasonable to pre- 
sume that his brain was active? How those years 
must have been packed with study. 

We can learn from flowers, we can learn from 
children, and from people who cannot read or write. 
Sometimes they are rich in experience, and their 
thoughts all but sublime. 

There is nothing so restful after a hard day's work 
as to drop into a comfortable chair with a good book, 
and it has long been conceded that a change of work is 
recreation. In books we find the -authors give us 
■ their brightest thoughts, and the benefit of years of 
toil and research. 

God has given us talents, and we are just as re- 
sponsible for the improvement of our intellectual fac- 
ulties, as for the development of our spiritual and 
physical natures. 

But our information, or education as it might be 
termed, amounts to little if we do not make proper 
use of it. 

Indianapolis mission, besides giving some provisions 
to some poor of our own congregation. Money earned 
by work of society, $23.96 ; amount of donations, $37.- 
I0 Maggie Dutro. 

Hagerstown, hid., Dec. 13. 


Tuy il for a day, I beseech you, to preserve your- t 
self in an easy and cheerful frame of mind, says 
Richter. Compare the day in which you have rooted 
out the weed of dissatisfaction with that on which 
you have allowed it to grow up, and you will find 
your heart open to every good motive, your life 
'strengthened, and your breast armed with a panoply 
against every trick of fate; truly, you will wonder 
at your own improvement. 


THEREFROM.— 1 John 2: 6-20. 

Some years ago a woman in torn garments walked in- 
to a restaurant in a basement in New York City. She 
was about thirty years old, and had seen better days. 
Her features were finely cut, and, in spite of her pov- 
erty, rags and a life of shame, was a really beautiful 
woman. A glance at her face, a look into her large, 
blue eyes indicated that she was a lady of rare culture 
and refinement. But she had sinned, had been lured 
from home and friends. She placed on the table the 
only two cents she had in the world, and for them she 
received a cup of hot coffee. From the folds of her 
garments she took a hard crust. For her .t was 
warmed by the waiter boy. She took one bite from the 
crust and then took a sip of coffee. Presently her head 
dropped forward, her eyes closed, and for a moment 
her frame shook. It was soon over. The cord of life 

S. From darkness 

For Week Ending Jan. 17. i°03- 

Abiding in Him. 1 John 2: 6. This implies fruit-bear 


Walking as He Walked. 2: 6. Following in his steps. 

— wherever he leads. 

Shining Always for Him. 

light,— the life of each believer is a glorious testimony. 

Knowing Christ Himself. 2: 13 Knowing him. we 

draw near in full assurance of faith. 

the Father. 2: [3. Knowing him truly, we 
him. and shall ever seek to please him. 
6 Word of God Abiding in Us. 2: 14. Armed with the 
mighty Sword.-two-edged and never fa.ling.-victory 
is sure. 

7 . Separation from the World. 2: ,5. it Would you 
have power? Find it not in the worlds alluremert,. 
hut close to the bleeding side of the Lamb. 

8. Doing the Will of God. 2: .7. Everlasting happiness 
results from faithful doing. 

0. Discerning the Times. 2: ,8. to, 20. "An unction 
Holy One" gives us power of discernment. 

5. Know 

from the 

Men may seek to lead us astray. 

will point the way to safety. 

but divine knowledge 


January 3, 1903 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 



D. L. Miller, Illinois, 
H. B Rrwmbavgh, Pa. 

J H. Moorb, • - Office Editor. 
Grant Mahan, Associate Editor, 

F. Imlbr. Business Manager. 
A,«m *—<«~: ».«<" •">•■ ■*■ ' *»«"■ E '"" rm "- 

EJJ-A11 business and communications intended lor the paper should 
be addressed to the Brethren Pt.bll.htag House, Blgln, ID., and not to 
any individual connected with It. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, 111., a» Second-class Matter. 

Nine were recently added to 
Grove, 111. 

the church at Cherry 

The Special Bible Term at the Bridgewater College, 
Va., opens Jan. 19. ' 

At Antiodi, Va., during a late protracted meeting, 
seven came out on the Lord's side. 

A good meeting in the Spring Run church, Mifflin 
Co., Pa., closed with seven additions. 

The Old Folks' and Orphans' Home of Northwest- 
ern Ohio has been located at Fostoria. 

At Hebron, N. Dak., nine persons made the good 
confession and were baptized on Christmas eve. 

A revival meeting at the Snyder house, Woodbury, 
Pa., closed with six persons consenting to unite with 
the church. 

The wife of Eld. Daniel Shively, of Goshen, Indi- 
ana, is reported to be dangerously ill, and is hardly 
expected to live. 

Bro. I. B. Wire, of Huntington, Ind., commenced 
a series of meetings in the Ogans Creek church, same 
State, last Sunday. 

Bro. J. H. Peck, of Manvel, Texas, is now at Jen- 
nings, La., where he expects to remain several months, 
and possibly longer. 

A series of meetings, held by Bro. L. T. Holsinger 
in the Afton church, Nebr., resulted in six persons 
coming out on the Lord's side. 

Bro. I. J. Rosenberger closed a very interesting 
meeting at Muncie, Ind. Eleven persons put on 
Christ in baptism and one was restored to fellowship. 

On the Missionary page we publish a very inter- 
esting letter from Bro. O. H. Yeremian. The com- 
munication, however, was mailed at Odessa, Russia. 

A few days ago a sister sent five dollars to pay for 
the Messenger as a donation to five different parties. 
It would be difficult to find a more promising use for 

The Brethren at Crystal, Mich., who had their 
house burned last October, have erected another one, 
and will dedicate it Jan. 18. They are to be commend- 
ed for their earnestness. 

The Brethren Almanac will be sent free to all new 
subscribers, or those who renew their subscriptions 
for 1903. It will not, of course, be sent until the 
subscriptions are received at this office. 

Under date of Nov. 29, Bro. Stover writes us from 
Aden, on the Red Sea. Everything connected with 
the voyage was pleasant at that date. Later. — The 
party reached Bombay. Tndia, Dec. 6. All were well. 
More next week. 

Bro. Geo. L. Studebaker, of Muncie, Ind., says that 
he has long been in favor of closing a series of meet- 
ings with a love feast. The suggestion is worthy of 
consideration, and might be taken up by the congre- 
gations that feel interested. 

The article on page 2, entitled " A World on Fire," 
is a purely scientific communication, and yet it has an 
important scriptural bearing. A large number of our 
people will read it with unusual interest. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison is at his home in Mc- 
pherson, Kans. For some weeks he has been receiv- 
ing special treatment in Kansas City, and now his phy- 
sician advises him to take a rest of a month or more. 

Some one who mailed his letter at Harristown, 111., 
Dec. 20, sends us $5, but fails to give his name. The 
business named in his letter cannot be attended to un- 
til we can confer further with him. He will do us 
a favor by sending his na me. 

Bro. D. L. Miller's health has not been so good 
since his arrival in California. The return of his old 
ailment has made it necessary for him to change some 
of his plans. When last heard from he was resting, 
hoping that inside of a few days he would be able to re- 
sume his work among the churches in that part of the 


A somewhat misleading typographical error occurs 
on page 13 of the Almanac for 1903. It is there stated 
that the Standing Committee will meet and organize 
on Tuesday morning, May 28. It should read Thurs- 
day. How the mistake ever occurred, and how it hap- 
pened to escape our attention in proof reading, are 
among the mysteries of a printing office. Those hav- 
ing the Almanac will please turn to page 13 and note 

the correction. 

On Christmas forenoon the Brethren in Elgin as- 
sembled for a season of worship. We had a very en- 
joyable little meeting, and those present found it good 
to be there. The day was unusually cold for Christ- 
mas, and yet the people here seem to have enjoyed it. 
There were services in a number of the churches, and 
the usual Christmas trees were in evidence in several 
of the places of worship. So far as we can learn none 
of the Brethren churches in America have fallen in 
with the custom, — a custom which in our judgment is 
not in keeping with Christian simplicity. There ought 
to be other ways of entertaining and making it pleas- 
ant for the children without resorting to the Christ- 
mas tree performance. 

" Told at Twilight," a neat and interesting little 
volume of Bible stories for the young, is before us. 
We find it to be well illustrated, clearly printed anil 
bound in an attractive manner. Sister Rosenberger 
needs no introduction to readers of the Messenger, 
nor to members of the Missionary Reading Circle. 
We think her book will prove to be a very profitable 
one to place in the hands of our boys and girls. She 
has succeeded in telling the old, old stories of the 
Pentateuch (which after all are always new) in a way 
which will please and instruct those who read, be they 
young or old. We bespeak for the book a good sale, 
for we are confident that it will be beneficial to all who 
real it. Price, 35 cents. All orders will be filled as 
fast as received. 

The correspondence published in the Messenger, 
from time to time, is both varied and interesting. Last 
week we gave our readers an article that was written 
during a voyage on the Mediterranean sea and an- 
other that hails from Egypt. A short time before we 
published a communication written in Jerusalem, and 
another that came from Naples, Italy. This week we 
take pleasure in printing a letter about our mission 
work in France and Switzerland, mailed in Russia. 
Hardly a week goes by that we do not have something 
from India. Quite frequently we have letters from 
Denmark, Sweden and Canada. During the year just 
closed we published communications from Norway, 
Russia, England, Germany. France, Sweden, Denmark, 
Switzerland. Italy, Greece. Asia Minor, Palestine. 
Egypt, India and Canada. Add to this list what ap- 
pears in our columns from nearly every State and terri- 
tory in the Union and it can be seen that the Messen- 
ger publishes a very wide range of correspondence. 
All of this must be of some value to our large and 
growing list of subscribers, and it affords us pleasure 
to know that they appreciate it. 

Up to the present time we have received copies of 
the Minutes of the District Meeting for the follow- 
in Districts: Middle Iowa; Northern Iowa, South- 
ern Minnesota and South Dakota; Northwestern Kan- 
sas and Northern Colorado; Southeastern Kansas; 
Southwestern Kansas, Southern Colorado and North- 
western Oklahoma; Northeastern Kansas; Northern 
Indiana ; Southern Indiana ; Oklahoma and Indian Ter- 
ritory ; Southern Missouri and Northwestern Arkansas ; 
Tennessee;Michigan;Oregon, Washington and Idaho; 
Southern Illinois; Nebraska, and North Carolina. 
Several meetings have been held of which we have 
not been favored with minutes. Will the clerks of 
these Districts be kind enough to send us copies of 
their Minutes with the queries intended for the An- 
nual Meeting, if any, marked? 


All orders for Bro. Stover's excellent book, en- 
titled, " India; a Problem," have now been filled. In 
fact we succeeded in having the work reach a number 
of our patrons before Christmas. The book is printed 
on the best of paper, is profusely illustrated and bound 
in both cloth and morocco. The work contains 344 
pages, and a more interesting book has not come from 
our press since we have been in the book business. 
Bro. Stover has an easy, straight-forward and earnest 
way of telling interesting things. However much 
you may have read about India, and mission work 
among the heathen, you will find this a most entertain- 
ing and instructive book. Everything in India, about 
which the ordinary reader wishes information, is care- 
fully described and then made the more impressive by 
the illustrations. In fact there is an average of over 
one picture to every other page. There is not a family 
among our large list of readers where this book would 
not be appreciated, especially by the young. It will not 
only give the reader very desirable information con- 
cerning India, but it will go far in the way of making 
missionary sentiment. Price, in morocco and gilt 
edges, $2.00; cloth binding, $1.25. 


With renewed energy and much encouragement 
the Messenger enters upon the work of another year. 
A few days ago we closed the volume for 1902, only 
to begin work on the first issue of the volume to 
follow. We are not in the habit of making great 
promises for the future. We prefer to let our work 
tell its own story. Those who have been reading 
the Messenger for years will know what to expect 
in the future. 

With us the landmarks of Christianity, as set forth 
in the New Testament, are established, and the aim 
of the Messenger is neither to remove these well- 
authenticated landmarks nor to disregard their pur- 
pose. We believe that the line between the church 
and the world is well defined by the sacred writers, 
and that if we will make their writings a careful 
study, with a view of understanding the apostolic 
order of Christianity, we shall have very little dif- 
ficulty about determining the course the church should 
pursue in her work. However, as we enter upon 
the duties of 1903, there are a few matters to which 
we can well afford to give more than ordinary atten- 

The Brethren are fortunate in having the form of 
doctrine delivered to the saints by the Founder of 
Christianity and his chosen apostles. But with the 
form the spirit should also be found. In fact, with- 
out the spirit the form is meaningless. While en- 
deavoring fully to maintain this form, it will be a 
mark- of wisdom to give the spiritual side of Chris- 
tianity special consideration. It is along this line that 
those opposed to us try to point out our defects. It 
is here that our greatest weakness may probably be 
found. Hence the importance of giving the spiritual 
element in our religious make-up the greater consid- 

As we take up the work for the year we are dis- 
posed to urge our people to make greater efforts 


January 3, 1903 


in this department of our church work than have here- 
tofore been made. This should be done by our min- 
isters and Sunday-school workers, as well as by those 
who write for the Messenger. Those who know our 
plea for the whole Gospel naturally expect more of 
us than they do of the religious bodies that disre- 
gard many of the commands. And it is no more 
than proper that they should. A full purpose to 
obey all the commands set forth in the New Testa- 
ment ought to induce a higher order of spirituality 
upon our part. 

It might be to our advantage to enter into a close 
and careful self-examination, to ascertain whether we 
are well equipped for the world-wide evangelizing 
work which we have only recently entered upon. As 
rural communities we have proven a decided success 
in many sections of the United States, but we have 
not succeeded so well in the cities, nor in all the for- 
eign- countries where missions have been undertaken. 
Those having years of experience with city missions 
know this only too well. If we are to carry the whole 
Gospel to all the world we must be wisely equipped 
for the undertaking, otherwise our efforts must prove 
a failure. 

This examination should be for the purpose of as- 
certaining whether we have in our faith, practice 
and order any unnecessary hindrances to the spread 
of the Gospel. All of our claims, in support of the 
primitive order of worship ought to be clear-cut ; that 
is, we ought to insist upon the whole Gospel being 
respected by the Christians of every land and then 
stop both in the letter and the spirit where the Gos- 
pel stops. In short, we should insist upon what the 
apostle would teach were they here in charge of our 
work. Then we want to examine ourselves as re- 
gards methods. Our plea for preaching the whole 
Gospel to the whole world may be all right, but our 
methods may be exceedingly defective. Methods, like 
machinery, can be improved, and the wiser men look 
around for the better ways of doing things. We 
are not pointing out the defects in our claims and 
methods, that is another question, but we do urge 
the growing importance of a careful look at our- 
selves, to ascertain whether it is not practicable to 
prepare ourselves better for aggressive work. 

Then we want to consider ways of coming to the 
assistance of our ministers in carrying forward the' 
work entrusted to them. The Brethren church is go- 
ing to be largely what the ministers make it. Thus 
far most of our ministers, in contending for the old 
apostolic landmarks, have had an uneven fight of it. 
They have been compelled to educate and support 
themselves while laboring in competition with men 
of fine mental training, and amply supported by their 
own generous people. It is almost a marvel that our 
ministers should have succeeded so well. Could they 
have enjoyed the advantages of a good education, and 
received more aid from the congregations they served, 
our number at this date might have been several hun- 
dred thousand, instead of about one hundred thou- 
sand as it now is. 

There is an increasing demand for better preaching, 
more pastoral work and skillful eldership. We need 
not close our eyes to this growing condition among 
the churches, and try to make it appear that the con- 
ditions are all wrong. The conditions are here and we 
must face them. If we are wise we will consider the 
advisability of adopting measures that will bring about 
the desired results. 

All of these things, and many more that we can- 
not take space to mention just now, we are thinking 
about as we enter upon the labors of another year. 
The purpose of the Messenger will be to lead out 
along the lines where our people stand greatly in need 
of developing and being encouraged. How much shall 
be accomplished in this direction ean be determined 
only at the close of the year. Along mission and edu- 
cational lines and in methods the Brethren have devel- 
oped amazingly during the last twenty years. In this 
respect her record is paralleled by no other denomina- 
tion in America. Shall we break this record during 
the next score of years ! Time alone must tell, but the 
Messenger starts out with the purpose of doing its 

part. In this work shall we have the united support 
and sympathy of the whole Fraternity? We believe 
we shall, and hence go forward in good faith. 


The world is growing smaller, it is said, and when 
one takes into account the modern annihilation of dis- 
tance, by means of rapid transit both by land and 
sea, one is impressed with the truth of the statement. 
Within the memory of the middle-aged of to-day a 
journey across the Continent from the " Father of 
Waters " to the " Golden Gate " took from five to 
six months, and now the limited trains on half a dozen 
trunk line roads are making the run across the con- 
tinent in a less number of days than the months once 
required to make the journey across trackless plains 
and unknown mountain passes. Four nights out of 
Chicago will land you in the Golden State and make 
you feel that the world is not so big after all. 

Those of us who have passed the half century 
mark remember how in our boyhood days we looked 
upon the returned Californian with open-eyed wonder 
and listened with bated breath to tales of danger from 
wild Indians and wild beasts met in crossing moun- 
tains and plains by the hardy pioneer. In those days a 
journey to California was the event of a lifetime. Now 
it is of such common occurrence, such an every-day 
affair that one scarcely cares to read what is written 
by the modern tourist. 

But there is something new and novel, even in 
these days of rapid transit, in crossing the Rockies 
and Sierra Nevadas on a colonist train made up al- 
most entirely of our own people who are seeking 
new homes in the great San Joaquin (pronounced 
San-Wa-Keen) Valley of California, a valley about 
as large as Italy and if properly watered capable of 
sustaining a population of twenty million souls. 

Bro. Geo. L. McDonaugh, our genial and efficient 
colonization agent, informed us that this was the first 
train of the kind that ever crossed the continent. 
Eighty souls, including the babe in its mother's arms, 
the boys and girls, young men and maidens, fathers 
and mothers, and the silver-crowned elders of the 
church, made up the goodly company. It was a mixed 
train, made up of tourist sleeping car, day coach, bag- 
gage car and freight cars, carrying the household 
■ goods, live stock and other belongings of the colonists. 
The smoking car was conspicuous because of its ab- 
sence. Our brethren do not need accommodations 
of this kind, and are all the better for it. 

Bro. Samuel Henry and friend David Newcomer 
had charge of the transportation and did their work 
well. Among those who made up the colony were 
elders C. S. Holsinger and Samuel Henry, and Broth- 
er David Holsinger in the second degree of the min- 
istry. There were more members on the train than 
are to be found in some organized churches. There 
were Sunday-school workers with children and young 
people enough to form a good-sized school. Then 
there was Bro. David Holsinger, with the Holsinger 
gift of song, and a band of trained singers who en- 
livened the journey with beautiful songs of Zion se- 
lected from our new Hymnal. 

Each morning as many of the colonists as could 
crowd into one car assembled for song service and 
worship. There was also preaching service and those 
who did the speaking as the train crossed the con- 
tinental divide at an elevation of eight thousand feet 
found some difficulty in breathing the attenuated 
mountain air. Those who dwell in the valleys must 
learn to breathe the purer air of the mountain he.ghts. 
So those who live in a low spiritual atmosphere can- 
not at once enjoy the heights of spirituality. The 
trainmen were constant in their attendance at the serv- 
ices and seemed to enjoy them all very much. The 
porter said, " It is very easy to see that these peo- 
ple are Christians." It is good to let your light shine. 
\t eight o'clock on Tuesday evening, Dec. o, 
we reached Lillis on the Southern Pacific R. R. 
and the Laguna de Tache ranch, where our Brethren 
are to settle. Before reaching the place Bro. Mc- 

1 lonaugh read a telegram from the Traffic Manager, 
saying that the Brethren might occupy the cars two 
days after arrival. This was a much-appreciated fa- 
vor, especially as this is the rainy season in Cali- 
fornia and the colonists can testify to the fact that 
it does rain at Lillis and Laton. 

Owing to the heavy rainfall, the two days spent 
at Laton did not afford much time for seeing the 
country. We were favorably impressed with what 
we saw, and judging from what we heard of the pro- 
ductiveness of the soil it would seem that our Breth- 
ren have made a good selection for a church and for 
homes. The Lord willing we hope to spend a week 
with the Brethren at Laton. They will then be set- 
lied in their new homes and will be able to report 
as to how they are pleased with the country. Oth- 
ers who think of coming will await with interest a 
report from the pioneer settlers on the Laguna ranch. 
Bro. McDonaugh is to be congratulated because 
of his successful management of the first colonist 
train to California. Brother George has won an en- 
viable reputation as a railroad man among our peo- 
ple. He is slow to make a promise, but swift to 
fulfill one when made. This quality has gained for 
him the confidence of all who come in contact with 
him. The managers of the Union and Southern Pa- 
cific railways did all they could to make the trip 
pleasant. The train was run from Belleville, Kans., 
lo Lillis on fast passenger time, and without delay 
or loss of time the Brethren reached their new homes 
on the Pacific coast. The Lord was with us on our 
journey and to him all give praise for his provi- 
dential care and protection. n. L. M. 


In all good f eastings there are good crumbs that lie 
under the table ungathered. The Master would say, 
1 lather them up that nothing go to waste. Of course, 
we are not after the wrappers, the hulls, the over- 
browned crusts and the rejected seeds, but the crumbs v c 
that fall from the choice meats and sweets. 

The intellectual ami Christian feedings are so pro- 
lific that many are like the guest at the rich man's table, 
who so filled' himself with the introductory soups that 
he was too full to receive or enjoy the substantials of 
the meal when they were brought. In our reading 
we are inclined to the soups, forgetting that the good 
wines are held in reserve and are brought at the latter 
part of the feast. In other words, we are disposed 
to be skimmers ; but in our hurry and rush we miss the 


One of the strange items that attracted our atten- 
tion was; "Is laziness due to a germ?" This idea 
comes from Dr. Wardell Stiles, United States Zoolo- 
gist If this theory proves to be a truth, we must 
learn to modify our feelings towards quite a large 
body of our fellow-beings, and utilize our charitable 
proclivities in practically sympathizing with them in 
their misfortunes. The Doctor does not say whether 
or not the disease is contagious. At any rate, it will 
be well not to associate too freely with those so dis- 
eased, especially with the class generally called lazy 
Christians. _, 

In Public Opinion we are told why it is that the uu- 
nese are so slow in accepting Christianity. It says: 
•• The missionary tells the Chinese that they need the 
Gospel above and beyond everything else, but sup- 
plements this announcement with the idea that a China- 
man cannot be a Christian unless his Christianity finds 
expression in exactly the same forms and observances 
that it would be in the land from which the missionary 
has emigrated." This is a good pointer for 8ldnd» 
in sending missionaries to foreign lands. And it will 
be well for us. as a church, to "stop, listen, look 

The function of country churches, what are they. 
It is said they have a threefold function to perform. 
The first is to set for the community the highest pos- 
sible "ideal for right living. The second is to nutate 
such agencies and movements as will ™« t ta, 
bring about such ideal. The third is to develop ha 
public spirit among its own members and citizens that 
will afford to all the greatest amount of social punty 


January 3, 1903 

and religious advantages and enjoyments. The fact 
is the country churches hold within their grasp a 
mighty force for molding the Christianity of the world. 
We pray " Thy Kingdom come." How do we expect 
it to come? If the kingdom is to come we must make 
it come by our being fit subjects for such a king. 

The American Episcopalians are making an unusual 
effort towards a union of the Protestant churches. 
They say : " We do not want to make converts of 
Methodists, Presbyterians, Baptists, etc., but to get 
them to join with us in one spirit and in the one pur- 
pose of fidelity to Christ's mission." This is a basis 
on which all true Christians can unite and walk and 
work. The only trouble about it will be to interpret 
. what the true mission of Christ is. We all want to be 
true to it, and work in it. 

Trades for preachers. A prominent clergyman 
strongly urges all young men who contemplate en- 
tering the ministry to learn some trade either before 
or after their ordination. He thinks that if every 
preacher had a trade, his independence would not only 
be a greater thing for himself, but would increase 
his usefulness in the pulpit. The occupation of tent- 
making served Paul to a good purpose. And the bulx 
of our own ministers are served the same way. The 
only fear with us is that we are giving more attention 
to our trades than we are to our ministry. 

It is said that among the Boers of South Africa the 
Bible constituted the highest law and rule of conduct, 
and that they made the memorizing of the Scriptures 
a daily task in their homes. Such home training ought 
to make good homes and a good Christian people. 
What effect the late war will have on the life and re- 
ligion of this people cannot yet be determined. But 
wars do not tend to the development of Christian liv- 

And now the question comes, Are all the New Testa- 
ment writings alike in importance? All Scripture is 
given by inspiration, and is profitable. But it is not 
said, alike profitable. Neither would we say so. We 
must discriminate between the Gospels, or Gospel, and 
the epistolary writings. The apostle Paul says, " I 
am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power 
of God unto salvation." The world could be saved 
had we nothing more than the Gospel or Gospels. 
This is the word, the plan of salvation fleshed in the 
person of Jesus Christ. Therefore his revelation is the 
perfect, full plan of salvation, and stands first in im- 
portance, and is powerful and complete enough to save 
the world. The epistolary writings give the practical 
workings of this plan of salvation, but of themselves 
would not reveal to the world a full plan of salvation ; 
therefore they cannot be held equal in importance with 
the Gospel as given by Christ in his life and teachings. 
In the 'writings of Paul we must distinguish between 
what he gives as the Gospel and what he gives as ad- 
vice and instruction as means to ends. Fearing that 
some might think that he was not preaching the Gos- 
pel of Christ he says : " But though we or an angel 
from heaven preach any other gospel unto you than 
that which we have preached unto you, let him be 
accursed." H. B. B. 

American institutions that has been given to four Eu- 
ropean nations. We ask simply for the rights of the 
most privileged nation. It is a shame and disgrace 
if Russia can have permission to carry on a hundred 
schools in Palestine and Syria, and no concession is al- 
lowed an American school. The Syrian Protestant 
College has always been refused a charter, which is 
very awkward. We Americans have some five mil- 
lions of dollars invested in, or for, Turkey ; more than 
all these other countries combined. Perhaps that is 
the reason why we can get nothing. On the side of 
science we are badly handicapped. The data for arch- 
eology are to be obtained chiefly in Turkey, the land 
of the Babylonians, Assyrians, Hittites, Persians, Syr- 
ians and Hebrews, and there one must look for all that 
is most valuable. And yet, while the Germans can get 
what concessions they want, we can get nothing. Dr. 
Banks has been over a year in Constantinople, seeking 
a firman to dig in Babylonia or Palestine, and he can 
get nothing as yet. The American School of Arche- 
ology in Jerusalem can get a concession to dig in Pal- 
estine only by taking advantage of one given the Ger- 
man, Dr. Schumacher, who receives the finnan through 
the intercession of the German Government. The 
University of Pennsylvania can continue its diggings in 
Babylonia only by favor of Dr. Hilprecht, who gets 
the firman for himself as a German citizen. All this 
is looked upon as very humiliating. It is further 
known that no concessions were granted the Brethren 
to open up work in Asia Minor, nor are any likely to 
be granted until Turkey changes her policy towards 
America. It is altogether likely that the President 
will make some vigorous protests against the Sultan's 
unreasonable course. 





Turkey is known to be very discourteous to Amer- 
ica, and the Americans who have interests in the Sul- 
tan's dominion feel it most keenly. We are glad, says 
the Independent, that three representatives of Ameri- 
can interests in Turkey, Dr. Post, Dr. Eddy and Mr. 
Peet, have come to this country to direct the attention 
of the President to the conditions there. Backed by 
a dozen or two American gentlemen of prominence and 
influence, representing missionary and archaeologic- 
al institutions, they called on the President, and Secre- 
tary Hay, presented their case and were sympathetic- 
ally received. These gentlemen do not ask of the 
Porte any special or unusual favors. France and 
Russia and Germany and Italy have received from the 
Porte full authorization to carry on their schools and 
other institutions: but precisely what is given them 
is denied to the citizens of the United States. All that 
is asked is, that the same general irade be given for 

It is not often, in this country, at least, that one 
must forsake father, mother, and home for the sake of 
Christ and his religion. But an instance of this kind 
occurred in one of the Eastern States not long since. 
A protracted meeting was held by the Brethren. In the 
neighborhood was a young lady that had been under 
conviction a year or more. When this meeting com- 
menced she began to attend the services. Her mother 
told her she did not want her to attend the meetings, 
but she persisted in going, and went all she could. 
Her mother belonged to another church. Her father 
made no profession. She was their only child. As 
the meeting kept up night after night and the daughter 
attended the meetings regularly, the mother told her 
if she joined that church she would have to pack up 
her things and leave home. The young lady tried to 
reason with her mother, and tried to explain the Scrip- 
tures to her, but to no avail. She hesitated about leav- 
ing home in that way, as the Scriptures teach that 
children should obey their parents. Finally she con- 
cluded she would step out on the Lord's side, and let 
come what would. So she was baptized along with 
three others. 

When she went back home the mother told her that 
she wanted her to do what she had told her before she 
was baptized — that she wanted her to leave home. 
A brother living not far away told her she could make 
her home in his family if she desired. She did as her 
mother directed. When she left she told her that 
when she wanted her to come back she should let her 

With a sad heart, a clear conscience and a prayer 
for her misguided mother, she turned her face away 
from the home and scenes of her childhood. It is for- 
tunate that another door had been opened to her. In 
fact there are hundreds of doors ready to swing wide 
open to those who must forsake their kindred in order 
to accept Christ. Let us pray that the sister may re- 
ceive strength for her new trials in life, and then let 
us pray that the mother may be enlightened and made 
willing again to receive her daughter back into her 
home. It is a rare thing indeed for the mother to close 
the door on an only daughter for no other offense than 
that of carrying out her religious convictions. But the 
daughter may yet be the means of leading her parents 
to Christ. 

It seems to me that in your answer about elders' call- 
ing official councils, page 762, Nov. 29, 1902, you give the 
elder more liberty about calling official councils than is 
given him in his charge in " Revised Minutes," page 69, 
which says: " It will be your duty in all the affairs of the 
church to counsel with your official brethren and the 
church." Now this makes official councils obligatory, 
which is much more than just the privilege of the elder 
as you say. You leave the whole matter optional, while 
the Minutes make it ironclad. Possibly in isolated 
churches it Ps sometimes impracticable to have official 
councils as often as in stronger churches. 

H. M. Barwick. 

The decision cited does not necessarily refer to offi- 
cial councils. There are various ways in which an 
elder may confer with the officials of his congregation. 
Sometimes it may be necessary for him to call them 
together and at other times it may not. This is his 
privilege. Or his colaborers may request him to call 
a meeting of the officials. That is their privilege, and 
a prudent elder will invariably seek opportunities of 
complying with their wishes. Some of the largest and 
best regulated congregations known to us do not hold 
official councils, and then, on the other hand, some that 
are just as prosperous and just as well managed, 
do.. It is a privilege left to the elders, to the 
officials or to the congregation. In a matter of 
this kind we would place the authority of the 
church first, the authority of the officials next, and the 
authority of the elder in charge last. If the elder 
wants official councils he can have them, provided his 
officials and his congregation do not see proper to ad- 
vise differently. If the elder does not desire such 
councils, he can carry out his wishes in this respect so 
long as his officials are satisfied, and the church does 
not object. This is the way we look at it. But while 
all this is true, it is the duty of the elder to counsel 
with his officials, but the custom in his congregation 
must determine the methods of procedure. We do 
not understand that the Conference has made official 
councils a necessity. It is the counseling of the offi- 
cials, and not the way of doing it, that has been en- 
joined upon the elders in charge of congregations. 
What we have said does not apply to the meeting of the 
officials, prior to sending out the visit. That is another 


Is it considered legal to elect a minister at a council 
when no elder is present, and a minister in the second de- 
gree presides? The brother was afterward installed by an 
elder who did not know about the conditions at the time 
the election was held. 

Only elders can preside when elections are held for 
permanent church officials. No church should enter 
into an election in the absence of an elder, and if any- 
thing like convenient, one or more adjoining elders 
should be present. An ejection held in the absence of 
an elder must be considered illegal. The installation 
services, by an elder later on, rather complicates mat- 
ters. If all the parties engaged in the work were sin- 
cere, not knowing that the rules of the Brotherhood 
were being disregarded, and if the fixed purpose is to 
carry out the order in the future, and to work to- 
gether for the interest of the church, the election by a 
special action of the church, in the presence of the ad- 
joining elders, might be confirmed and thus settled. 
But if the purpose was to take advantage of the 
church, and work some premeditated scheme, then the 
illegality of the election might be urged, and the action 
of the church declared null and void. Let that be 
done, however, which will work for peace and for 
the good of the church. When a congregation gets 
into trouble in consequence of irregularities, it should 
be set right in a way that will make the least friction 
possible. What we here say is not so much meant 
to apply to the particular case referred to as to empha- 
size the importance of carrying out the order of the 
church when holding elections or doing any other kind 
of church work, and to further emphasize the advisa- 
bility of trying to get rid of one trouble without 
making another. 

January 3, 1903 


General Missionary and Tract Department 


D. L. MlLLBR, 

Illinois 1 H. C. Early, 


L. W, Tbktbr, - 

• Indiana 1 A. B. BarNHARt. 
John Zuck, Iowa 


Address all business to 
General Missionary and Tract Committee. Elgin, 111. 

* , * 
4 1 The next regular meeting of the General Mission- *t* 

* ary and Tract Committee will be held in Elgin, 111., * 

* March io, 1903. Business intended for this meet- * 

* ing should be in the files of the Committee not later * 

* than Feb. 24. * 

* * 

Our real .worth depend 
service we render. 

upon the kind and amount of 
«• ® <S> 

To-day is but a time of preparation for the great future, 
which will be just what we make it. 
^ * «> 
The one who prays earnestly knows that God does hear 
and answer the petitions of his children. And what a 
joy comes into the life when one feels that the Lord's 
ear is open to his cries. 

<S> <S> <*> 

Knowledge leads to action. Learn the spiritual needs 
of the world and you will feel like trying to supply them. 
If you do not, it is good evidence that something is seri- 
ously wrong with the spiritual part of you. 
<S> <5> <S> 

The habit of forming excuses grows on one, and after a 
time it becomes very easy to find plenty of excuses for fail- 
ing to do anything which we do not like to do. And this 
habit is a bad one. Get rid of it, if you would save your- 
self trouble and suffering. 

<8> <S> <S> 


Each one makes his plans ahead in most things. He 
has certain ideas which he wishes to carry out relative to 
his business, and he does everything in his power to ac- 
complish his desires. Such care does man use when the 
affairs of this world are concerned. The fact that he uses 
less care in looking after his Master's business shows that 
he fails to realize the relative importance of his own inter- 
ests and those of his Master. 

Is it the same with us as a church? We have thought 
over and talked about our business plans until we are per- 
fectly familiar with them; so let us lay them aside and 
consider what we are going to do for the Lord. The past 
year has been a very successful one to the large majority 
of us, and no doubt we are planning and hoping that the 
year which is now beginning may bring us even more 
comforts and blessings for this life. But there may be 
reason to fear that the very blessings which have come 
to us have been received as if due us because of some 
good which we have done, and not as a free gift from 
our heavenly Father. And this feeling naturally brings 
a feeling of indifference toward the Lord's work. It was 
when they were oppressed by other nations that the chil- 
dren of Israel turned to the Lord: in years of prosperity 
they forsook his altars and served the gods of their neigh- 
bors round about. And, since humanity is pretty much 
the same in all ages, we are likely to do about as they did. 
The field is practically unlimited, for we have occupied 
very little of heathen territory. Then in every District 
are towns or cities in which the whole Gospel is not 
known. And even in every congregation are places where 
the preacher and Sunday-school teacher could do an infi- 
nite amount of good. How long will these various fields 
be left uncared for by us? Is it nothing to us that all 
around us are men and women who do not know what 
the Bible teaches? Will we not at least give them a 
chance to learn? The returns may not be great as far as 
numbers are concerned; and yet thorough conspiration 
will bring results which now we do not even dream of. 
There are everywhere some who will believe, and they 
will lead others to the light. 

But it costs to do the work — costs time and labor and 
money and sacrifice. And yet the cost will not be felt 
if love for the work, love for souls, prompts us to action. 
What are we going to do during the year 1903? Can 
we not make a new record this year? If we do. there 
is no doubt that we shall be much richer in every way- 
richer in love, joy, peace and the Holy Ghost — and riches 
of this kind are eternal. The ability is ours, the oppor- 

— This week one of the native regiments of soldiers 
passed near Bulsar on their way to Delhi to be present 
at the great " Durbar." 

— Mr. La Personne, who has been in the hospital thirty- 
five days, is home again, well and strong, and about his 
shop work again. 

— Bro. Ebey made another trip to Dhanu this week 
to look after the workmen who are remodeling the house 
which is to become the mission house. The prospects 
are for good work in that field. 

— Sister Forney and Bro. McCann have quite recovered 
from the fever now. The latter with Sister Lizzie and 
little Henry is in the Raj Pipla state these few days, look- 
ing after the work there and encouraging the native Chris- 
tians in their struggles. 

— The late statistical report of Protestant missions 
gives an increase of over sixty thousand in the native 
Christian community during the last decade. 

— On Wednesday of this week Mr. Snow's windmill 
was raised. The plans had been made so carefully and 
well under Bro. Forney's direction that the tower went 
up without a hitch. At the order "to let it go" every 
man and boy was in his place, and with steady hand " the 
Dandy" was soon on its feet. After all was fast we gath- 
ered about the mill and had a short service of song and 

— "Thanksgiving" with you has come and gone with its 
usual day of praise, and its usual festivities. With us 
there has been little aside from the ordinary. . Neverthe- 
less we did not fail to remember you and also to be 
thankful for the many blessings we have been enjoying 
the past year. Above all do we feel thankful at this pres- 
ent time for good health in our whole missionary family. 
— If all continues well, in company with Bro. Forney 
and Sister McCann and baby Henry wc go to Bombay 
next week to meet our missionary party, expected on 
Thursday or Friday. Sister McCann returned from the 
Raj Pipla stations Monday, while Bro. McCann on horse- 
back pressed onward toward the hills in the interior, 
where a number were awaiting baptism. 

—After reading "Mr. World and Miss Church Mem- 
ber " we wish every professing Christian might do the 
same and take the lesson so vividly shown in the allegory. 
The illustration but shows us how easily we may fall 
into the snare of the devil. Eliza B. Miller. 

Bulsar. India. Nov. 28. 


more social than others. Some are more strict and stem. 
This company has a fleet of one hundred ships. If a sailor 
on the ship of a lenient captain were transferred to the 
ship of a very strict captain, he would be wise to abide 
by the ruling of his present captain. A particular ruling 
might not be necessary according to the experience of the 
sailor. And it might not be necessary in fact, but the 
wise sailor, knowing well his business, never questions 
about the matter. He knows as a sailor that it is his 
business to be in harmony with the crew, so he speedily 
adjusts himself to the ruling of the captain, to the usages 
of the crew, and what might result in a serious unpleasant- 
ness never comes to the captain's ears. That speaks well 
for the sailor. On the other hand, if the sailor should 
argue with both the captain and the crew that the certain 
ruling was a matter of no consequence, that to abide by 
it or not to abide by it was just the same, and he at the 
time would persistently refuse to abide by it, his actions 
would rather belie his words, the other sailors would be 
astonished at him, and he would certainly not be counted 
a wise sailor. And his theory would fall flat because of 
his own deportment. It is possible for the best things to 
be killed by indiscreet friends. It is not possible to have 
harmony in a ship's crew unless all the sailors willingly 
abide by the ruling of the captain and agree among them- 
selves. And if a sailor would be trusted to making any 
rulings for others, he muet first necessarily show himself 
capable of abiding by the rulings which others have made. 
When the sea is calm and harmony prevails among all 
nn an advancing ship, both captain and sailors and all 
on board have an exceedingly pleasant time. This sounds 
a bit like a parable. W. B. Stover. 

Mailed at Aden, Nov. 29. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 

tunity is ours, to win 

these indescribable riches. Will we 

win them, or will we be as poor a year from now as we 

—When you cannot see the land on either side all day, 
and the ship keeps pressing onward continually, then the 
bigness of the sea asserts itself. And yet withal it is so 
calm. A great sea does not necessarily imply great 
storms or great waves. A little sea can make a great 
stir-up. The English Channel is nearly always at it. And 
it is merely a channel. But it takes a great sea to have a 
great calm. This is not without its lesson to us. Any 
little soul can make trouble in the church. Any child 
of contrariness can oppose what all the rest agree to. 
But it takes a great soul in a great man with great grace 
to be calm and just and true and right all the while. The 
greatest sermon isn't necessarily preached loudest. An 
empty one-horse wagon makes more noise going along 
the road than a six-horse team drawing a hundred bush- 
els of wheat. How peaceful and how beautiful is this 
great sea over which our ship is now sailing. 

There are five cables running parallel with our course 

at the bottom of this sea. A submarine cable is about as 
thick as a man's thumb. Three cables connect Aden with 

—While passing through the canal the other day, I was 
strongly impressed with the thought that a ship 
speed in mid-ocean is more easily managed than 
moving slowly in shallow waters. And 
stops,— she has to cast her anchor into th 
ever she may be able to catch hold of. 
moves very slowly, the rudder has not equal powe 
guide her. Hnw like th 
grandly on. not only keeping the doctrine but the 
work God intended she should, she has the life in her by 
which she is enabled to steer clear of rocks. There is 
no drifting there. When we speak of a church drifting, 
we speak of a lifeless church. If a church tries simply 
and only to hold to its present excellencies, if it have no 
higher object than to keep up its past good records and 
not lose them, it seems to me it is miscalculating dis- 
tances The harbor has not yet been reached. We re in 
the deep sea yet. We've got to keep on the move. We've 
eot to keep steering ahead, or we'll go to pieces on the 
rocks sure. What a great word is life. What a great 
power lies hidden in motion. What a great pilot is Jesus 
our Savior. , .... 

—In a ship's crew, every man knows his place and fills 
it So entire harmony prevails. There are no drones. 
We often speak with the captain, but I have yet to se* 

Will WC UC d.S puwi a jr\.ai iiuiil uun <*u •' — VV C Ulltll j^-- — ■• ■■ - , , 

are at present, May the Lord give us the .race we need him order ; his or £, ma^in .^ matte, H.^word^ 
to go forward. <*• M - law 

I am sure the readers of the Messenger will be glad to 
hear about Bro. Fercken and his work, especially since we 
have not beard from him for quite awhile, due, I pre- 
sume, to his extreme modesty. After spending some time 
in medical research in the metropolitan cities of London 
and Paris, I came to Martignat, in the department of Ain. 
where Bro. Fercken is now residing. Martignat has a 
population of six hundred inhabitants. It is located in a 
fertile valley, with hills on both sides, which abound in 
pine trees. In this valley, connected by a railroad, are 
the four towns in which our Brethren arc preaching, viz, 
Montreal, Martignat, Evron and Oyonnax. We aiso have 
some members living in the villages of Alex and Bellignat, 
but no preaching is yet being done at these places. 

Bro. Fercken preaches every night at one of the above- 
named four towns. The trips to these places and back 
have to be made on foot on account of the trains not run- 
ning at convenient hours. I made a number of such trips 
with him and found them very disagreeable because of 
cold, snow, rain and mud; but he and those who labor 
with him are willing to endure these hardships for the 
Master's cause. In spite of the bad weather, I was sur- 
prised to find his meetings well attended. The people are 
plain, simple and hospitable. The principal occupations 
of the neighborhood are farming, silk-weaving and comb- 
making. The profits from silk-weaving are very scant. 
Seven cents a yard is paid for the work, and a man has to 
work hard to weave four metres a day; but by having 
wife and children to assist in the work, they are able to 
make a living— for I find living here is almost as expensive 
as in Paris. The predominant religion 
Catholic, and as in all other countrie; 
also, superstition and ignorance, 
that the villager; 

the ship that 
; mud or what- 
When a ship 
qual power to 
church! When she is moving 

the Roman 
t has brought here 
However. I am glad 
re bold enough to lay aside the fear 
of men and of the clergy, and come to hear the preaching 
of the Gospel. The total membership in this village is 
twenty-eight; and I hope the day is not far distant when 
we may have Brethren's churches and congregations 
throughout this entire neighborhood. 

Bro. Fercken has grown older and grayer during the 
last six years, and I am not surprised at it. considering 
the many trials and persecutions which have come to him 
during this time. But I am glad that his spirit is as 
young and his zeal for the work as strong as when I first 
learned to know him in Smyrna. Besides his own 
family he has for assistants in the work bister 
Siebeck an excellent, educated sister from Germany 
and brethren Tavel and Bernard, the former located 
at Montreal and the latter at Oyonnax. At Oyonnax our 
Brethren had been having their meetings disturbed by a 
band of socialists, but since their vindication they have 
had no disturbance, and at a meeting which I attended, 
one of the disturbers was present, and did not only be- 
have himself, but seemed interested and applied for mem- 
bership the following day. Bro. Fercken having an- 
nounced my coming and having told them that I was an 
oculist, many were the patients who came to see me. 
Some thirty or forty were treated or received advice dur- 
m E one week's stay I hope that the giving of this phy- 
",c g al relief will win them to the Great Physician of their 
souls. _ ,-, „ 

I spent a Sunday with the Brethren ,n Geneva- °™ 
workers are active, but unfortunately there ,s a condition 
of spiritual apathy reigning over the people of ^thts center 
of the Reformation. 

Odessa. Russia. 

O- H. Yeremian. 



January 3, 1903 

= T 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

: ood news from a (at country. " 

" As cold watet t 

1 thirsty soul, 

hurch has 

St Vrain— As a result of a two weeks' meeting con 
ducted by Bro R. S. Rust, our home minister, three pre 
dous souls put on Christ by baptism. These young peo 
pie were students of our Sunday school. 
been much encouraged and up through the: 
ings The attendance was exceptionally good dur n 
hSe meetings. Our regular quarterly council will be the 
first sTturda? in January.-P. F. Fesler, Hygiene, Colo., 

Denver.— This church met for services Christmas morn- 
ing Eld L F. Love preached the Christmas sermon. 
In the afternoon we met for quarterly council Bro 
Frank Shrove was elected Sunday-school superintendent 
and Sister Robinson assistant and Sister Martha Miller 
corresponding secretary. The church was glad to receive 
in" church letters at this time of Brother and Sister Rob- 
nson who expect to make their home in Denver for 
some We expect to begin a series of meetings here 
Ian J, to be conducted by the home ministers. An invita- 
tion is extended to any brethren traveling in the West near 
us to stop off and help us. We especially invite the 1 
istering brethren from the Longmont church.- 
ner, Denver, Colo., Dec. 26. 


We also have a Sunday school at 2126 West Michigan 
street, at 3 P. M.— Clara E. Stauffer, 169 Quincy St., In- 
dianapolis. Ind., Dec. 25. 

Muncie.— Eld. I. J. Rosenberger, of Covington, Ohio, 
assisted us in a series of revival services, beginning Nov. 
2? , Thanksgiving day. Considering the inclement weath- 
er the attendance and interest were good. Eleven pre- 
cious souls were buried with Christ in baptism. One dear 
soul who had wandered away was again restored. One 
was received by letter. During the series of meetings two 
of our sisters called for the anointing services, which 
service they enjoyed greatly. We closed our meetings 
Dec. 21 with a love feast. Seventy-two surrounded the 

-A. P. Grecn- 

-L. E. Kelt- 

-Lydia A 

opened their 
Morton, Pay- 

1 ■ 

Payette— Bro. D. B. Ebv, of Sunnyside, Wash., came to 
this place Dec. 13 and preached five soul-cheering ser- 
mons, leaving for Nezperce, Idaho, Dec. 17. Bro. Eby s 
mission was in the interest of the missionary cause in his 
far Northwest. A collection was taken which resulted 
in Su8s Our new churchhouse is now nearmg comple- 
tion We need it very much, as we had to close our Sun- 
day school and preaching services on account 
having a place to hold them. 
home for Bro. Eby's sermons 
ette, Idaho, Dec. 19. 

Cherry Grove.— Our series of meetings, of three weeks' 
duration, closed last Sunday evening. Five were bap- 
tized, our daughter and her husband being among the 
number. Nine have been added to the church late y. 
The interest and attendance were good. Eld. P. K. Jx-elt- 
ner did the preaching. His sermons were inspiring and 
laden with rich food for the soul. The interest mani- 
fested by our adjoining brethren was much appreciated. 
Two of our aged sisters, Finifrock and Boyd, are very 
sick. We have much reason to thank the Lord and take 
courage.— Franklin Myers, Lanark, 111., Dec. 23. 

Oakley. — Yesterday occurred our quarterly meeting. 
On account of the inclement weather many could not at- 
tend. The meeting v. as a pleasant one. Two letters of 
membership were granted to Brother and Sister J. L. 
— {lucfson, who soon expect to locate in Iowa. Sunday 
school was re-organized, with brethren Daniel Simmons 
and I. D. Heckman superintendents. Our series of meet- 
ings are now in progress in the village of Oakley, con- 
ducted by Bro. J. W. Lear.— Mattie E. Bhckenstaff, Oak- 
ley, 111, Dec. 26. 

Okaw.— Sept. 13 we had a special council to elect a min- 
ister. Brethren Hites and Garber held the election. Bro. 
Geo. Miller was called to the ministry, and not being 
present the installation was postponed until Christmas day, 
when it was attended to. We also had preaching.— Etta 
M. Arnold, Okaw, 111, Dec. 26. 

Panther Creek church met Dec. 25 at the country house 
to fill their annual appointment. A special program was 
carried out by those to whom special work was assigned. 
Notwithstanding the cold weather and extremely rough 
roads enough came out to have a good meeting, and the 
several subjects were well handled. — J. W. Switzer, Roa- 
noke, 111, Dec. 27. 

Pine Creek church met in council Nov. 18, in the Polo 
churchhouse. As that is not the regular place of holding 
the meetings, there were only a few in attendance. Under 
the directions of our elder, Bro. John Heckman, all busi- 
ness was harmoniously disposed of. — Grace G. Price, Ore- 
gon, 111, Dec. 19. 

West Branch. — Dec. 20 this church met in council. 
Elders D. E. Price and John Heckman were present. We 
elected officers for Sunday school and young people's 
meeting for the coming year. We also held a choice for 
minister, which resulted in the election of Bro. S. S. 
Plum. With his wife he was installed in office Dec. 21. 
Bro. I. Bennett Trout was with us, preaching to us both 
morning and evening. — D. A. Rowland, Polo, 111, Dec. 22. 


Lower Fall Creek. — We held our council meeting Dec. 
20. Sunday-school officers were chosen for first quarter 
of the new year. We have been holding services at this 
church every Sunday and Sunday night since communion 
meeting, conducted by Eld. A. C. Snowberger, with good 
interest. — Samuel Schrieber, Anderson, Ind, R. R. No. 6. 
Dec. 24. 

■ Eel River. — We are glad to report a very interesting 
meeting at our east house, conducted by Bro. Henry Neff, 
of South Whitley, Ind. The meeting began Dec. 6 and 
closed Dec. 21. The attendance and interest were good. 
Bro. Neff's sermons were full of inspiration. One pre- 
cious soul was made willing to consecrate himself to 
Christ's service. — Tuda Haines, Sidney, Ind, R. R. No. 1, 
Dec. 23. 

Indianapolis Mission. — Sunday evening the children of 
our Sunday school, and all of us, enjoyed our Christmas 
program, composed of recitations and songs. We believe 
these little messages delivered by the children do them 
good as well as the older ones. We could not help but 
feel the need of larger and better mission rooms, as the 
parents and friends came in. There were about one hun- 
dred present, and the rooms were full. Members passing 
through the city are invited to visit our mission. In our 
stay of three months here, while we have had services 
every Sunday, not one visiting minister has been with us 
to preach for us. At present we have Sunday school at 
10 A. M, followed by preaching, and in the evening at 
7:30 we have services, corner Hoyt and State avenues. 

Lord's table. The church has been greatly strengthened. 
Bro Rosenberger preached thirty-two practical sermons. 
1 have long since favored having a communion at the 
close of a series of meetings. Surely it is strengthening 
to the new converts. We did not consider having a love 
feast until Friday evening before we closed our meetings. 
—Geo. L. Studebaker, Muncie, Ind, Dec. 22. 

Nappanee church met in quarterly council Dec. 18, with 
good attendance. Considerable business was disposed of. 
Two letters were granted. Our series of meetings will 
begin Jan. II.— B. J. Miller, Nappanee, Ind, Dec. 23. 

Hawpatch congregation held a Thanksgiving meeting 
in the churchhouse in Topeka and took up 
for world-wide missions, amounting to $4.45. 
await. Box 166, Topeka, Ind, Dec. 26. 

Union.— Dec. 6 we began our series of meetings, Bro. 
Daniel Snell preaching for us. Dec. 13 was our council 
meeting, which passed off very pleasantly. Our meetings 
closed Dec. 21 with one reclaimed—Dora A. Henncks, 
Plymouth, Ind, R. R. 2, Dec. 27. 

Wabash.— Yesterday another precious soul was received to Ihe poor, 
into the fold by baptism, administered by Eld. N. r. Bru- 17. 
baker It was sister Abbie Elzroth (a niece of the writer) 
who has been sick for some time with lung trouble, to- 
day she called for the elders and was anointed, elders 
N F and E. S. Brubaker officiating. Eld. N. F. Bru- 
baker gave his farewell sermon at II A. M, leaving soon 
for his home in the West. He will stop off to hold a 
few meetings in Kansas City.— Kittle A. Hursh, Wabash, 
Ind, Route 2, Dec. 21. 

Washington.— Our love feast, held Dec. 6, passed off 
pleasantly with the following ministerial help: Brethren 
Daniel Ro:henberger. John Mishler, Samuel J. Burger, 
Chester A. Brallier and Herbert Marks. The number 
was small. It was a pleasant meeting. Bro. Samuel J. 
Burger began a scries of meetings after the love feast, 
closing Dec. 21. His sermons were far-reaching and con- 
vincing The inclemency of the weather hindered much, and 
caused the meeting to close sooner than intended. Bro 
Marks, who had gone away from us and labored with tile 
Progressive Brethren, returned to the Brethren the even- 
ing of the love feast. We invite Brethren who are chang- 
ing locations to stop off at Warsaw, Ind, and look up a 
location among us. Warsaw is surrounded by beautiful 
lakes Our large brick church is located about three and 
one-half miles northeast of Warsaw. Write or call on 
us and we will give you all the information we can. My- 
self wife ard daughter returned from our long western 
trip' Dec. 11, feeling Somewhat tired, but well, having trav- 
eled over three thousand miles. We were well pleased 
with the work that McFherson College was doing.— H. H. 
Brallier, Pierceton, Ind, Dec. 22. 

West Goshen.— Bro. J. Edson Ulery, from Elkhart, 
came to us Dec. 6 and preached for two weeks He gave 
the life of Christ in a most convincing way. Bro. Isaiah 
Rairick from Woodland, Mich, preached us one sermon; 
then Bro Geo. D. Zollers, from South Bend, Ind, came 
and preached three sermons. All told we had a feast of 
fat things. We think a great deal of good was done. 
Some years ago the writer was called to another State 
to hold a series of meetings. The meetings were held in 
June The elder in charge announced the meeting in 
good time. He told his brethren to unhitch their teams 
at s o'clock. At the same time he told the sisters to 
ring their supper bells in good time. They should take 
their hands and all get ready for church. The church 
obeyed their elder. That elder did his work well; he got 
ready The whole church knew he meant to work for the 
Lord In two weeks' preaching there were twenty-six 
additions. It was not the preaching that did the work, 
but the active work of the elder. Eight hired hands were 
converted— J. H. Miller, Goshen, Ind, Dec. 21. 
Des Moines Valley.— Our series of meetings, conducted 
bv Bro. J. E. Mohler, of Des Moines, closed last evening. 
Although the weather was unfavorable much of the time, 
the attendance was good and the attention excellent. Our 
regular council was held Dec. II. All business was dis- 
posed of harmoniously. Three letters of membership 
were read. Our correspondent to the Messenger having 
resigned, the writer was chosen correspondent.— Mary L. 
Jasper, Bondurant, Iowa, Dec. 22. 

South Ottumwa.— Eld. C. M. Brower, of South Eng- 
lish Iowa, is now holding a series of meetings at the 
South Ottumwa mission, with good interest and good at- 
tendance.— C. E. Wolf, South Ottumwa, Iowa, Dec. 21. 
Ramona is a little town on the Chicago, Rock Island and 
Pacific R. R. It is beautiful for situation and has nearly 
doubled in population in the last year. During our stay 
of over two weeks among the people I did not hear an 
oath or an unclean word, neither a cross word. There are 
two churches in town and four leading denominations. 
They would like to be one. This question was in the box 
and given to a committee of four one night in the social 
meeting: " Since it is God's will that his people should be 
one upon earth (John 17). what gospel means would you 
advise to unite the people of Ramona? " One has come 
to Jesus, one has returned to the Shepherd, and two who 
could not attend on account of sickness said they would 
come and enlist with Jesus again— J. E. Young, Ramona. 
Kans, Dec. 23. 


Jennings— Dec. 8 I left Manvel, Texas, for Jennings, 
La, arriving here the next morning. Jennings is a live 
little town of about three thousand inhabitants. It is on 
the Southern Pacific R. R, five miles east of Roanoke and 

under the jurisdiction of the Roanoke church The Breth- 
ren have a neat little churchhouse here, 24x36 fee t and in 
a good location in the town The Roanoke ehurch has 
had a regular appointment here twice a «'°"' h ' ^' fl ° 
Sunday school. There are now fourteen resident members 
and a few transients in the town As I expect to remain 
with them several months if not longer, we have arranged 
o have preaching every Sunday at 3 P. M, and Sunday 
school at 2 P. M. We have chosen these hours so as o 
give persons belonging to other churches opportunity to 
fttend our meetings, t also attended a pleasant feast at 
the Roanoke church Dec. 13- I find most of the mem- 
bers in Louisiana wide-awake and anxious for the pros- 
perity of the cause, but in somewhat limited circumstances 
on account of partial failure of the rice crop Traveling 
ministers should not forget the somewhat isolated church- 
es of Louisiana and Texas— J. H. Peck, Jennings, La, 


Bushcreek congregation has not been fully reported. 
Bro. John A. Glick, of Frederick, Md, came among us 
Oct. 11 and continued thirty-seven days. He preached at 
Locust Grove and Pleasant Hill churchhouses. The meet- 
ings were all well attended. Our communion meeting 
took place Oct. 18. During his stay with us twenty-two 
accepted Christ by baptism and three were reclaimed 
two baptized since; one awaiting baptism on account of 
sickness. The meetings were inspiring to all— Silas Is.. 
Utz. New Market, Md, Dec. 25. 

Brownsville— Thanksgiving day w'e met lor worship 
at the church. Eld. David Ausherman, of Broadrun, did 
the preaching. A Thanksgiving offering of $30 was raised 
for the world-wide mission fund, and $7.08 was donated 
for the purpose of having the Gospel Messenger supplied 
Morse A. Younkins, Brownsville, Md, 


the members 

Bendon— Bro. A. W. Hawbecker came t 

at this point to hold a few meetings as this is now a mis- 
sion point in care of Bro. Hawbecker He holds for* the 
Gospel in spirit and in truth— Frank Bottorff, Bendon, 
Mich, Dec. 20. 

Crystal— We have been without a house to worship 
in since our house was burned Oct. 4. Our new house 
is nearly completed and we feel to rejoice, as we can see 
in the future a light gleaming for us again. We nave 
appointed Jan. 18 as the time to dedicate our new house, 
and to continue the meetings until Jan 24, at which time 
we expect to have our love feast. Bro. Isaiah Rairigh will 
do the preaching. We send thanks to all churches and 
individuals wdio have done so nobly in lending a helping 
hand— G. E. Stone, Crystal. Mich, Dec. 22. 

Thornapple— Our Bible school began with a sermon 
Dec 12, and the class work began the next morning, with 
two sessions daily and a sermon after class work each 
evening Owing to sickness and some unfavorable weath- 
er toward the close, the attendance was not so large as 
we desired. The interest was good. It was a week full 
of good things for all who attended. The institute was 
conducted by Bro. E. S. Young. He was unable to get 
to the church yesterday on account of sickness. He lelt 
a little better and started for home this morning— Peter 
B. Messner, Lake Odessa, Mich, Dec. 22. 
Fairview— Christmas day we met to worship. We had 
a soul-cheering sermon by Bro. J. B. Hylton. We had 
quite a congregation of attentive hearers— Lizena Hylton, 
Olathe, Mo, Dec. 27. 

Mineral Creek— Our next council will be Dec. 27 A 
good singing is in progress with Bro Showalter leading. 
Everyone seems pleased with the work Bro. D. L. Moh- 
ler finished a two weeks' meeting at the Mound school- 
house, a mission point, Dec. 7. with two additions. Our 
Sunday school is moving along nicely with Bro. Elmer 
Arnold as superintendent— Ida M. Mohler, Leeton, Mo, 


Afton— Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro L. 
T. Holsinger, closed last night. He preached thirty-three 
sermons. Six souls were received into the church by bap- 
tism The work was hindered some by stormy weather. 
There are now twenty-nine members in our congregation. 
—Anna Snell, Cambridge, Nebr, Dec. 22. 

Notice— To the churches in Nebraska: Last spring a 
mission was started here in Lincoln Nebr, which cannot 
make much progress without such help as all the other 
missions need. Money and clothing are needed as else- 
where Our aid society has not failed to end a he ping 
hand, yet it cannot supply the demand. We do not ask 
for all the donations, but we do ask to ^membered— 
H. L. Suavely, Solicitor, 3041 S. St, Lincoln, Nebr, 
Dec. 24. 


Melvin Hill— I left Morristown, Tenn, Dec. 11, reach- 
ing here the same day. Dec. .4 Bro. G. A. Branscom and 
the writer made a drive of twenty-six miles to Rutherford 
County and return, leaving home before dayhght and re- 
turning after dark. The place of meeting was one of the 
outposts of this, the Mill Creek church, where there 1 are 
several families of members and where regular .services 
have been held for several years. They are very much in 
need of a suitable house of worship, and some steps have 
already been taken looking to the erection of a church- 
house This is one of the many places of promise in this 
part of the great South where we are hoping to see our 
Brethren enter in earnest and take for the Lord— James 
M. Neff, Melvin Hill, N. C, Dec. 22. 
Hebron— Eld. Fred Culp came to us and commenced a 
series of meetings Dec. 14. and continued until Dec. 20 
Nine precious souls made the good confession and wele 
baptized on Christmas eve. One applicant awaits bap- 
tism. The evening of Dec. 25 we met at Bro G. M. 
Clapper's for communion, our beloved elder officiating, as- 
ur home minister, Bro. William McCann 
e surrounded the Lord's tables. The Word 

listed by 

Twenty-three =u 

was preached with the thermometer ranging thirty-three 

degrees below zero. These ten are 

Sunday school at Hebron, N. Dak.- 

rington, N. Dak, Dec. 26. 

of our evergreen 
C. C. Barnard, Car- 

January 3, 1903 

this gospel :m::ess:e:n"q-:e:e?,. 


White Rock Sunday school held her quarterly review 
on Christmas day. The exercises consisted of questions, 
answers and essays on the lessons for the quarter. Bro. 
D. M. Short, of Surrey, N. Dak., was present and gave us 
a good talk, also preached for us at night. The ther- 
mometer registered thirty degrees below zero at 10 A 
M. Some of our regular attendants at Sunday school 
come from six to ten miles. A collection of ?S.6i was 
taken for world-wide missions. — Hannah Dunning, Den- 
bigh, N. Dak., Dec. 26. 

Surrey.— Last Saturday was the regular council meeting 
of the Surrey church. Ten were received by letter, two 
letters were granted. A committee was appointed to con- 
tinue the work of looking up new points for preach- 
ing. Eld. A. B. Peters had been re-elected to preach the 
dedication sermon in the new church, but as the time 
was changed from Dec. 7 to Dec. 28 he could not be here, 
and Bro. George Strycker, of the Surrey church, lias been 
selected to take his place. Only two days to dedication, 
and mercury yesterday morning twenty-eight below zero; 
warmer to-day— Henry Frantz, Surrey, N. Dak., Dec. 26. 

Turtle Mountain.— Church met to-day in a very pleasant 
council Our elder, Bro. A. B. Peters, not being present, 
Bro Noah Ritzins officiated. One letter was granted and 
one received. Decided to build a small barn for the sex- 
ton's horses, for which a collection was taken up. The 
building committee for our new churchhouse made a re- 
port and we find we only owe $85.20 on the house yet, be- 
sides the $300 that we borrowed of the General Mission 
Board Decided to have meeting every other Sunday 
night; also a singing class in the near future.— Mary C. 
Davis, Mars, N. Dak., Dec. 20. 

Wolf Creek. — Our council was postponed two weeks on 
account of Thanksgiving. On Thanksgiving $14.21 was 
raised for the poor in our midst. Bro. Bonsacks. who was 
holding a series of meetings at Trotwood, was at our 
council. His helpful words of encouragement were much 
appreciated. Our Christmas service was held at the Wolf 
Creek house. At this service our old elder, Jacob Garber. 
w'ho is in his eighty-second year, preached us a timely 
sermon.— J. Homer Bright, R. R. 4, Dayton. Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Bear Creek.— Dec. 7 a mother of a well-to-do family, 
was received by baptism into the kingdom of Christ, and 
is a colaborer with the little band of earnest workers at 
this place. We held Thanksgiving services morning and 
evening on Thanksgiving day. A collection was taken to 
aid the general mission work, to the amount of $3.40. — A. 
J. Smith, Perry, Okla., Dec '• 


Dayton.— The reorganization of the West Dayton 
Brethren Sunday school for 1903 was effected last week 
and the result was, G. W. Brumbaugh superintendent and 
S D Musselman assistant. Other necessary officers were 
also elected.— Elmer Wombold, Dayton, Ohio, .Dec. 22. 

Charleston Mission.— Last Sabbath evening at our regu- 
lar preaching services one dear soul came out on the 
Lord's side, and on Monday morning she was taken to the 
water-and buried with Christ in baptism— S. Snell, Tucson, 
Ohio, Dec. 19. 

Donnelscreek.— Thanksgiving day we had services in 
both houses in the district. The attendance was small 
at both places, but the offering received amounted to W 
In January we expect Bro. D. S. Filbrun, of Brandt, Ohio, 
to begin a series of services in the country house; then 
in February we expect Bro. Hollinger, of Greenville, Ohio, 
to be with us at New Carlisle.— Grace E. Wine, New 
Carlisle, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Eagle Creek church met in council Dec. 20, with a good- 
ly number of members present. We felt that the Lord 
was with us. One letter was received and five were 
granted. We also observed Thanksgiving; had an ex- 
cellent sermon by D. D. Thomas. A collection of $50.19 
was taken. We decided to get four of the topical Bibles 
for our ministers, and the balance was given to Bro U. 
D Thomas, one of our home ministers. We expect Bro. 
C A Bame to commence a series of meetings Jan. 12,— 
Barbara C. Bushong, Williamstown, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

In the Field.— I recently closed an interesting meeting 
at Silver Lake, Ind., in the Eel River church. Consider- 
ing the inclement weather, the attendance and interest 
were commendable. From there I went to Union City, 
Ind., and lectured in the Brethren's churches two even- 
ings From here I went to Gettysburg and lectured to a 
large congregation. Much and very commendab e inter- 
est was manifest in these places, in the great work of op- 
posing the secret power. I spent Sunday with the Breth- 
ren in the Logan church, near Bellefontainc, and had an 
opportunity to view the grounds on which will be held 
our next Annual Meeting. The Brethren are to be com- 
mended for selecting this location. The grounds are 
beautiful, and everything by way of accommodation is 
promised to make the meeting an enjoyable one. I wish 
to announce that the Ohio State Convention, anti-secret, 
will be held at Reynoldsburg, ten miles east of Columbus, 
Ohio, Jan. 26 and 27. Brethren desiring further informa- 
tion should address me soon.— Qmncy Leckrone, Glen- 
ford, Ohio, Dec. 24. 

Lewisburg— On the evening of Dec. 14 Bro. Isaac 
Branson, from Muncic, Ind., closed a two weeks meet- 
ing at the Wheatville house. The weather was unfavor- 
able for the work almost the entire time, but the church 
has been strengthened.— Jos. Nill, Lewisburg, Ohio, K. 
R. No. 4, Dec. 22. 

Lower Stillwater.— We have just closed a series of meet- 
ings at our Trotwood house. They began Nov. 3c 1 and 
closed Dec. 21. These meetings, conducted by Bro. Chas. 
Bonsack, of Maryland, were truly a feast to our souls. 
Four precious souls were made willing to enter the fold. 
All feel much encouraged. Bro. Bonsack will be with us 
at a Christmas service in our lower house. We expect 
Eld. Jacob Rairigh, from Indiana, to begin a series of 
meetings at our upper house Dec. 28.— A. L. Klepinger, 
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 22. 

Red River.— Our series of meetings began Dec. 6, with 
Bro John Fidler to assist in the work. He delivered 
twenty-three sermons, including the one given at our chil- 
dren's meeting. Our meetings were of great interest. Un 
account of the inclement weather our attendance was not 
so large. One soul was made willing to receive Christ 
by baptism.— H. C. Groff, Ludlow, Ohio, Dec. 21. 

Red River.— Bro. J. W. Fidler came to us Dec. 6 and 
preached daily until Dec. 21, preaching twenty-four ser- 
mons, including his address to the children Dec. 16. ihe 
wife of a young brother united with the church, ihc 
members are much encouraged. Our Sunday-school su- 
perintendent Bro. Daniel Eikenberry, with his family, has 
recently located at Sterling. Colo— Levi Minnich, Green- 
ville, Ohio, Dec. 24. 

Special Notice.— A beautiful site for the Old Folks and 
Orphans' Home of Northwestern Ohio has now been 
purchased in this city on T and F street car line and as 
soon as the weather permits the buildings will be built. 
All those whose payments are due, but remain unpaid, 
should send the money at once to the Treasurer, Jacob 
Weaver, Lima, Ohio.— Steven Berkebile, solicitor for the 
Home, Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 26. 

Big Swatara. — Dec. 1 a series of meetings began at Han- 
overdale, conducted by Bro. Wm. Howe, from Norris- 
town, Pa., who gave us fourteen gospel sermons. Dec. 8 
we met in council; some important work on hand was not 
finished. Dec. 15 Bro. Samuel Hcrtzlcr, from Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., began a series of meetings at Linglestown, 
preaching seven instructive sermons.— A. M. Kuhns, Un- 
ion Deposit, Pa., Dec. 24. 

Carlisle Springs. — In renewing iny subscription of the 
Gospel Messenger let me say that we could not do with- 
out it. It is our welcome weekly visitor, rain or shine. 
May God bless the Messenger and all that have labored 
by God's help to make each copy what it has been, as 
well as the noble work it is doing as it goes into the 
homes of hundreds and is read by the saved and unsaved. 
— Dessie M. Zeigler. Carlisle Springs, Pa., Dec. 16. 

Falling Spring.— Our church work is moving along 
nicely The spirit of work seems to have taken hold of 
our dear brethren and sisters, and one by one out loved 
ones are gathered into the fold. On Saturday we received 
a dear sister by baptism, and on Sunday another relumed 
who had wandered away.— Wm. A. Anthony, Shady Grove, 

Pa., Dec. 25. 

Lancaster City church celebrated Christmas by holding 
a combined missionary and Christmas service on Christ- 
mas evening. The exercises consisted of congregations 
singing prayer, essays, readings, recitations, and special 
singing The opinion was expressed that the exercises 
were the most successful we have ever had commemo- 
rative of the day. We sent a number of baskets of pro- 
visions to the poor on Christmas morning. Our pastor, 
1 W Myer preached Christmas sermons the Sunday be- 
fore Christmas.— Emma C. E. Landcs, 219 College Ave., 
- Lancaster, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Spring Grove.— Dec. 20 a two weeks' scries of meetings 
closed at Hinkletown. They were conducted by Bro. j. 
Y King, of Griffin, Md„ who is an able expounder of God s 
Word Two were received into the church, and others 
are near the kingdom. The meetings were generally well 
attended, but there was much unpleasant weather during 
the meetings.— Mary S. Taylor, New Holland, Pa., K. K 
D. No. 3, Dec. 22. 

Springrun.— Bro. H. A. Stahl, of Glade, Pa., came to us 
on Dec. 6 and conducted a series of meetings for two 
weeks, preaching eighteen very instructive sermons, the 
condition of the weather and roads was somewhat against 
these meetings in the start, but as they improved Ihe in- 
terest and attendance increased. Seven precious souls re- 
ceived baptism. The membership is strengthened and 
built up. Sickness among some of our old members hin- 
dered some of our people from the enjoyment of these 
meetings. Bro. Stahl goes from here to our Pine Glen 
house and will preach there for a time— S. C. Swigart, 
Strodes Mills, Pa., Dec. 22. 

Springville.-One was recently baptized. A col'" 1 ' " 
was held for Harrisburg meetinghouse Nov. 29. Brother 
and Sister J. M. Mohler, of Lewistown, Pa came 10 us 
and held a series of meetings, ending Dec 16. He deliv- 
ered twenty-one sermons. Two were willing to follow 
their S™vior-Aaron R. Gibbel, Ephrata, Pa„ R. F. D. No. 
1, Dec. 18. . 

Tuloehocken church met in council Dec. 15, with all he 
adjoining elders present. Bro. John L. Royer was e ected 
to the ministry. He with his wife was duly installed, 
Eld J H Longenecker having charge of the installation 
fervices The church also decided to remodel and build 
an addition to the Heidelberg house by coming spring 
Two were granted certificates of membership and two 
were received by letter. The series of **«?&?*>& 
land was suddenly closed on account of the fa ling health 
of Bro AS Hot.cnstcin. Our next series will be opened 
bv Bro S S Beaver at Myerstown, Jan. 31. .A collection .0 ? S was taken a. our Thanksgiving ; service 
for a new churchhouse at Harrisburg.— F. L. Reber, My 
erstown, Pa., Dec. 23. ,,.,.• , 

Upper Cumberland.— The Sunday School Meeting of 
Southern Pennsylvania: Nov. 7 was the day set for this 
meeting A good program had been arranged. The mcct- 
"ng was held in the Huntsdale house, in the Upper Cum- 
herland congregation. The weather was fine and the 
meeting was largely attended. Twenty-two delegates 
were present from the seventeen Sunday schools Eld. 
1 A Long of York, was moderator. Every topic wi. 
well ventilated It was one of the most spiritual meet- 
ng it was ever my privilege to attend, and this seemed 
he verdict of all. I have beer, away from home ever 
since! doing evangelistic work, hence the delay.-W. A. 
Anthony, Shady Grove, Pa., Dec. 25. 

Woodbury.-Bro. J. J. Shaffer came to us Dec. 6 and 
beean a series of meetings at the Snyder house, and con- 
«2K3 until Dec 16, preaching thirteen ser- 
mons Si" prec ous souls were made willing 10 put on 
Christ four of whom were heads of families. At our 
Thanksgiving ervices we received a collection of $.992 
Xr worldwide missions-J. C. Stayer, Woodbury, Pa, 

Dcc ' 2: VIRGINIA 

tian race. — Joseph Bowman. Boons Mill, Va., R. R- No. I, 
Dec. 21. 

Pleasant Valley. — Dec. 14 the series of meetings at the 
Glade church closed, which makes five series of meetings 
held in our congregation since the first of August. There 
were sixty-five sermons preached, twenty-six baptized, and 
one reclaimed, and the members generally built up. Two 
places were left without a series of meetings. We have 
paid inlo different missions over one hundred dollars. — 
M. H. Shaver. Mt. Sidney, Va., Dec. 22. 

Peters Creek. — Bro. I. S. Long came to us Nov. 30 and 
preached for us three weeks. Oftentimes the weather 
was very unfavorable to attend night services, but the 
zeal and earnestness of Bro. Long so inspired us that 
an attentive congregation anxiously awaited his soul- 
cheering sermons. One was reclaimed, seven have put 
un Christ in baptism and two more await Dec. 30 for bap- 
tism. Wc believe there are many others near. Since Aug. 
1, 1902, thirty-six have been added to us. Such a har- 
vest of souls Peters Creek congregation never experienced 
before in so short a time.— C. E. Ellcr. Salem, Va.. Dec. 26. 
Topeco. — Wc have been enjoying a series of meetings 
conducted by brethren J. F. Keith and Wyatt Reed. They 
began Dec. 14 and continued until Dec. 21, preaching 
twelve sermons. The members were greatly built up and 
much encouraged.— Harvey Weddle, Topeco, Va, Dec. 21. 
Sunnyside.— Thanksgiving we met and had special 
Thanksgiving service; had a good sermon by Bro. A. C. 
Williams. Wc took up a Thanksgiving offering which 
amounted to $44.17. 527-35 for home mission work and 
$16.82 for world-wide missions.— Salome Watktns, Sunny- 
side, Wash, Dcc. 20. 

Goshen.— I went to Joppa, W. Va, Nov. 8 and contin- 
ued meetings until Nov. IJ, when I took sick and came 
home Nov. 18. Dcc. 9 I came to Goshen church, which 
is in Upshur County, and began meetings; closed last 
evening with the best of interest and five additions. This 
church is under the care of Eld. D. J. Miller, Overhill, 
W. Va. The preaching is done by Bro. Grant Sines. 
The church is in a prosperous condition. To-day I go 
to Indian Camp church; the new house at that place will 
be dedicated to-morrow. Dec. 27 I expect to go to Union 
Chapel, W. Va.; Jan. 15, 1003, to Pleasant Valley, W. Va. 
— Emra T. Fikc, Eglon, W. Va, Dec. 20. 

Joppa church met in council Dcc. 20. We decided to 
hold a series of meetings, to begin March I, and called 
for Bro Obcd Hamsted to conduct our meeting. We 
also decided not to close our Sunday school this winter 
as we usually do. Our elder is past eighty-two years old, 
yet he attends regularly at the Sunday school. He says 
the Sunday school is a nursery to the church— t. L. 
I.ockard. Bulltown, W. Va, Dec. 22. 
Barron church met in council Dec. 27. Eld. E. E. Joyce 
Officiated Wc elected our Sunday-school olhcers. Bro. 
F I Salsbury was elected superintendent and Bro. John 
Huffine assistant. Wc had to elect a trustee on account 
of Bro. Samuel Ziglcr leaving, and wc also elected a 
church treasurer. Bro. Henry Woods was chosen. The 
church decided to hold a series of meetings in January it 
possible. The writer was chosen as correspondent— t. 
H. Laughman, Barron, Wis, Dec. 27. 

Antiocb— Our council meeting was held Dec. 6 Eld. 
C ¥ Heckman and wife, of Pomona, Kans were with u . 
L Heckman began a series of meetings Saturday night, 
nreaching twelve sermons, closing Dec. 15. Seven accept 
So Chris? All were encouraged to press on in the Chris- 



It will be remembered when the Annual Meeting was 
at Muncic, Ind, that there were a few members in the 
city. Soon after the meeting a mission was opened in 
a hall, the work being placed in the hands of Brother and 
Sister' G. L. Studebakcr. They soon bought a good, sub- 
stantial brick house of the Disciples, located in a con- 
venient part of the city. We found interested listeners 
and a good Sabbath school. Wc not only preached each 
evening but had a number of day services. Brother and 
Sister Studebakcr are untiring workers, and they apply 
their energies along the well-defined principles of the 
church. Their influence is being felt and fruits are vis- 
ible The church was ready for the meeting and they 
gave the meeting good support. It is folly to vote a 
meeting and then not support it. 

There were twelve additions, eleven baptized and one 
restored; all adults, mostly heads of families; a number 
of them from other churches, fashionable circles. It was 
pleasant to sec them so happy in their marked change. 

I remain fully convinced that Brethren's churches can 
be built up in cities, if the work is placed in the hands 
of those that have convictions on the lines of the Gos- 
pel as defined by Annual Meeting. But when city work 
is placed inlo the hands of brethren not in sympathy 
with these plain principles, there may be a following, 
a unanimity, but it will be with the world,-" the gods of 
the land." Secret orders in Muncie give the Brethren s 
work strong opposition. Labor unions are also a matter 
of some concern. While labor unions are not secret, 
oath-bound, yet there are some things about them that 
arc very difficult to reconcile with the meek principles ot 
the Gospel. 

We closed with a feast that was well attended. There 
are now residing in the city about one hundred and ten 
members Eld. John Wellington now has his home in 
The city So far he has given but little of his time to the 
cause in Muncie. While he has a good deal to do m 
his church care elsewhere, it would be helpful if he 
estrange to give more of his time Jo he.p the cause 
in Muncie. J 




January 3, 1903 









1 Let those who favor the work meet and agree that 
they will not quarrel with eaeh other, but will always be 
governed by the majority. 

2 Ask permission of the church to use one of the 
churchhouses, offering to pay all additional expenses, such 
as janitor's fees, fuel, etc. 

3. If meetinghouse is refused, get use of school or pri- 
vate house. 

4. Adopt Brethren's Sunday-school literature and use 
no other in the school. 

5 Be polite and courteous to those who oppose the 
work Invite them to visit the school. When they come, 
show your appreciation of the visit, but do not ask what 
they think of the work. Invite them to come agam. Be 
sure to be there yourself when they do come again. 

6 Do not agitate the question of the right or wrong 
of Sunday schools, but rather avoid discussion. Let the 
work convince the opponents. 

7 Do not neglect the church service, so that it may 
not be said that the Sunday school supplants the church 
service. ... 

8 Dismiss from your mind all Sunday visiting except 
what may be done aside from attendance at church and 
Sunday school. 

9 Do not expect to make sentiment rapidly. Let ten 
years be the minimum time you set for revolutionizing 

10. Don't expect to be popular, but lay yourself on the 
sacrificial altar for the sake of the cause. 

Samuel H. Hertzler. 
Elizabethtown, Pa., Dec. 17. 

One of the most conspicuous instances of true fortitude 
is found in the conduct of the apostle Paul. After having 
for some time served the church at Ephesus, his duty 
called him to Jerusalem, where he knew he was to en- 
counter the deadly opposition of his enemies. Before he 
vet out he preached his farewell sermon. The people 
were greatly affected. The thoughts of losing their be- 
loved friend, teacher and pastor, and of the dangers that 
awaited him. melted them into tears. "They all wept 
sore, and fell on Paul's neck, and kissed him, sorrowing 
most of all for the words which he spoke, that they should 
see his face no more." Acts 20: 37, 38. These circum- 
stances were sufficient to have overwhelmed the stoutest 
heart Paul's reply is the language of true fortitude. 
" Bonds and afflictions await me; but none of these things 
move me: neither count I my life dear unto me, so that I 
may finish my course with joy and the ministry, which 
I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel 
of the grace of God." Acts 20: 23, 24. 

W. J. Bundlinger. 

Robinson, Pa. 



On Monday, Jan. 19, 1903, the special Bible classes ar- 
ranged by the college will begin; they will be conducted 
for a period of two weeks, probably a few days longer, 
if the circumstances and interest seem to demand such 

The services of Bro. P. B. Fitzwater, of Zema, Ohio, 
and Sister Lizzie B. Howe, of Brooklyn, N. Y., have been 
-^esiired. They are both well known over the Brother- 
hood as Bible students and Christian workers of broad 
experience. They will conduct classes in the following 
subjects: (1) Studies in Matthew, 1 Corinthians, and 1 
Thessalonians; (2) Doctrine of the Holy Spirit; (3) Dis- 
pensations of the Bible; (4) The Book of Genesis; (5) 
Studies in the Acts, with special reference to the Sunday- 
school lessons; (6) How to Use the Bible in Personal 
Work. Occasional lectures will be delivered by various 
members of the college faculty. 

During the progress of the Bible term Bro. Fitzwater 
will conduct a series of meetings in the college chapel. 
These services will, of course, be held of evenings, in 
order that the students, as well as others, may attend. 

There is no charge for tuition in the Bible classes, and 
board and lodging may be secured at moderate rates. A 
large attendance is most earnestly desired. Brethren, sis- 
ters, and friends from anywhere in the State, or out of it, 
are welcome. 

For further particulars address the president of the 
college, W. B. Yount. J. W. Wayland. 

Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 22. 


" Behold, we count them happy who endure." — James 
5: II. 

Courage resists danger, fortitude endures pain, either 
of the body or of the mind, or both. True fortitude is 
always connected with a holy, a righteous cause. Ad- 
versity, or opposition, is the test of fortitude and con- 
stancy; it is the fiery trial which tries the virtuous; they 
come out of it as gold seven times purified, losing noth- 
ing save the worthless alloy. Holiness of character, faith 
in God's revealed Word, constitute the shield of fortitude, 
and render her altogether invulnerable. 

It is very easy for a man to profess attachment to a 
good cause when that cause meets with the general ap- 
probation of his friends and associates. It is an easy 
thing to boast of virtue that has never been tried by 
temptation, and to exult in fortitude that has never had 
to bear the storm of opposition; but true fortitude is found 
to consist in supporting evils with resignation, and in en- 
during opposition with resolution and quiet dignity. 

The man of fortitude, strong in conscious integrity and 
in the knowledge of the right, though wealth may desert 
him, though his friends may forsake him in his greatest 
need, yet he possesses his soul in patience; he rejoices that 
his soul is free. The cause of truth he knows can never 
fall. This makes him magnanimous, both to do and to 

If you have refused to join the church simply because 
others do, or simply because you have some inclination 
to do so, without seeing a good reason for it, I give you 
credit for honesty of purpose, and more than that, for 
noble motives. For it certainly is the highest of motives 
that causes you to scorn all pretense, especially in reli- 
gion There are far too many who have joined our Sav- 
ior's " church on earth " without having any appreciation 
of the highness of its calling, which is "to be a light 
to the world and salt to the earth;" and what is equally 
important, they have not determined to count themselves 
the Savior's own property after they have covenanted 
witff him. It is necessary for every one who professes his 
name to know that the ceremony of adoption into God's 
family is recorded eternally in heaven and cannot be 
erased, and that our making the covenant with our heav- 
enly Father puts us under every tie of honor to consider 
ourselves his, and to deliver ourselves over to him every 
day. " Therefore whether ye eat or drink, or whatsoever 
ye do, do all to the glory of God." 

But now for some reason why you should come to God. 
First he knows you need him, and he has no higher 
pleasure than to supply your need. You must not look at 
this act as a matter of appearance before men but as a 
matter of precious privilege which the loving all-Father 
has given you: Not as a matter of escaping eternal woes, 
but as a matter of developing a manhood that will stand 
the test not only of human, but of divine judgment, a 
character that will support a daily life which will always 
point erring souls to him " who is able to save to the utter- 
most them that come unto God by him." 

Success, as men define it, may leave him who- has at- 
tained it, still among those who have led many a life to 
ruin, and even their achievements often, like the ignis 
fatuus only lure on to destruction those who attempt to 
equal them. But success as God defines it, that obtained 
by following the teachings of the Nazarene, while it may 
never draw the eyes of the world to itself, still in the end 
has made the lives of men in some degree happier and 
better, and has led only in right ways. 

Remember, the word " eternal," as applied to life, is a 
word of quality rather than of duration, and eternal life 
means endless life only because its quality makes it im- 
possible for it to perish. 

Is all this too much to hope for? You remember he 
says Matt, n: 28, " Come unto me, all ye that are weary 
and heavy laden, and I will give you rest." That is a fair 
invitation. Then he says, in John 6: 37. " Him that Com- 
eth unto me I will in no wise cast out." That is an as- 
surance that he means it. And when he continues with 
John 10: 28 and 29, " No man is able to pluck them out of 
my hand. My Father is greater than I and no man is able 
to pluck them out of my Father's hand," we know, so far 
as the divine side of the covenant is concerned, that is 
safe. Now comes your side. 2 Tim. 1 : 12 says: " I know 
whom I have believed, and am pursuaded that he is able 
to keep that which I have committed unto him until that 


Now the question is, How much do you want him to 
keep for you? Is it only your sentiments or your real 
earnest thoughts and toils of every day? Sentiments will 
not be sufficient to make a crown of life from, and so that 
last question needs a serious answer. 

Now I believe you see that this Christ-life is a thing 
too good to miss, and if it is so, why should you be con- 
lent to miss another day of it? 

It is the only remedy that ever has helped the general 
condition of the world without doing any injury in re- 
turn; it is the only remedy that is able to keep your 
life without spot and blameless, and it at the same time 
keeps the life happy and successful. The Savior knew 
this. Matt. 33 says: " Seek ye first the kingdom of God 
and his righteousness, and all these things shall be added 
unto you." 

There is nothing that gives so much assurance of success 
as faultless manhood and nothing that assures faultless 

manhood but a full acceptance of the plan laid down by 
the Spirit of God in his Word. 

Faith is not a thing for the entertainment of weak- 
lings, but for the guidance and keeping of purposeful men 
and women. 

Whether or not you begin this life,—" He that hath the 
Son of God hath life, he that hath not the Sbn of God 
hath not life," I John 5: 12— is a matter of whether you 
think it worth your while or not. It is not a matter of 
feeling like it, but it is a matter of resolution to make use 
of every means that our Father has given us to live a life 
that is useful and faultless and imperishable. 

Only the wisdom of God could have seen and mapped 
out this matchless plan for us, and only divine love— 
and you may know its " height, and depth, and length, and 
breadth, which passeth knowledge," Eph. 3: 18— would 
have gone to the trouble to make it known to us. 

These things must cause every heart to turn to him in 
truest love— you know he says, " If ye love me, keep my 
commandments," John 14: 15— and make us just feel our 
inferiority to him enough to cause us to do exactly what 
and all that he says. 

The things that carping skeptics talk of are as nothing 
compared to the power to save that is in the good news 
of the Savior. 

Believing him, you learn to know him, then to trust 
him, then to commune with him in secret prayer that con- 
fides and yields all to him, and in after life you will often 
look back and see the ways and times wherein our faith 
in and faithfulness to the Savior has plainly even to us, 
kept us from paths of failure which are 'Uhe ways of 
death." If even we can see some dangers safely passed, 
heaven can see many that are hidden from us. 

May it be that these thoughts shall awaken your soul 
to your opportunities in the loving call of the Savior, 
"Come unto me." I hope they may help you to decide 
this great question in a way that you need never repent 

If you had never done anything worse than neglect 
to put your life into the keeping of him who " is able to 
save to the uttermost," you still should have done enough 
to make repentance hearty and humble, the only straight- 
forward and manly way, and therefore the only possible 
way to set things right with God. G. M. Lauver. 

861 N 21st St., Lincoln, Nebr. 

•«.• FALLEN • ASLEEP ••• 

" Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord. 

ADAMS, Rosella Ethel, died Nov. 29, 1902, aged 23 
years, 11 months and 21 days. She united with the Breth- 
ren church six weeks before. She leaves father, an invalid 
mother two brothers and five sisters to mourn her de 
parture. Funeral and interment at Eel River, conducted 
by Bro. Samuel Leckrone, from Psa. 90: 1. 

Tuda Haines. 

ASPER Annie Irene, daughter of Brother I. A. and Sis- 
ter Mary Asper, died near East Berlin. Pa., Dec. 10, 1902. 
aged II years and 3 days. Services at Mummert s meet- 
inghouse by brethren D. H. and C. L. Baker. 

Andrew Bowser. 

BEERY, Sister Maggie, daughter of Brother John W. 
and Sister Phebe Horn, died in the Jonathan Creek con 
gregation, Perry Co., Ohio, Dec. 8, 1902, aged 21 years and 
16 days Oct. 21, 1900, she married Bro. Daniel Beery. 
She leaves her husband and an infant son, her father, 
mother and two sisters. She united with the Brethren 
church in November, 1895, at the age of fourteen and 
lived an earnest, active member until death. About eight 
weeks before her death she called for the elders and was 
anointed. Funeral services were conducted by bid. L. 
B. Bagwell, using Psa. 30: 5 as a text. A. W. Dupler. 

COOK George Elmer, of Huntington, Ind., died Dec 
*o 1902, aged 39 years and 6 months. He was the son ol 
Brother Jacob and Sister Sarah Cook. He was the main 
support of the old people at home. He leaves father, 
mother two sisters and one brother. His death was sud- 
den. Funeral services by the writer, from 1 Sam 20: 3. 

I. B. Wike. 

GARVEY, Sister Grace A, eldest daughter of George 
D and Sister Emma Garvey, died of typhoid fever, in 
the Mineral Creek church, Leeton, Mo, Dec 16, 1902, 
aged 23 years, 7 months and s days. Sister Grace was 
a faithful member of the Brethren church for several 
years. She leaves a father, two sisters and two broth- 
ers her mother having preceded her only three months. 
Services by Eld. E. E. John. Interment ,n the cemetery 
adjoining the church. "a M. Mohler. 

HANCHETT Paul, son of friend William and Sister 
Etta Hanchett, 'died in the Turkey Creek church, Pawnee 
Co Nebr., Oct. 12, 1902, of diphtheria, aged 10 years and 
7 days. Funeral services Nov. 9 by the writer from Heb. 
' R. A. Yoder. 

HOWE Bro. Levi, died at the home of his sister, Mary 
Richard, in Maitland, Pa., Dec. 8, .902, aged 86 .years I 
month and 28 days. His body was brought to the home 
of Tolbert Stambaugh, Mechanicsburg, Pa where the 
funeral was held. Services were held in the Brethren s 
meetinghouse. Interment in the graveyard of Mohler s 
church He leaves one sister and a number of nephews 
and niece? He served the church in the deacon's office 
Services conducted by the home brethrenJrom^Cor. 

HOWELL Bro. Needham, died at Linden, in the 
bounds of Coon River church, Iowa, Dec 15, .902 of 
oaralvsis aged 85 years, 10 months and 13 da ^;, ile 
was twice married and was the father of thirteen children. 
A widow and nine children are left to mourn his death. 

January 3, 1903 


Funeral discourse in Linden by the writer, from 2 Sam. 
14- 14 assisted by Mr. R. Lewis, of the Christian church. 
J. D. Haughtelin. 

MICHELS, Sister Sarah Rebecca, wife of Frank 
Michels, died in the Sabetha church, Kans., Nov. 22, 1002, 
aged 34 years and 10 days. She leaves father, mother, 
three sisters, one brother, a husband and one daughter 
to mourn their loss. Funeral services by Bro. P. J. Eisen- 
bise and the writer. R- A. Yoder. 

SAYLOR, Sister Elizabeth, died in the Morrill church, 
Kansas, Dec. 18, 1902, aged 86 years, o months and I day. 
She united with the Brethren church in her youth and 
lived a devoted Christian life over sixty years. Her hus- 
band, Abraham Saylor, died Sept. 4. 1864. Seven sons 
and two daughters yet remain to mourn their loss. Serv- 
ices by the writer. Subject, " Life and Immortality.' 

J. S. Mohler. 

STOCKMAN, Sister Hannah, died Dec. 17. 1902. in 
Washburn County, Wis., in the bounds of the Barron 
church, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Washburn, 
near Superior Junction, aged 83 years, 4 months and 24 
days She was a member of the Brethren church for 
about sixty years. She had lived in Wisconsin for about 
forty years. She was anointed a few days before she 
died Funeral services at Superior Junction, from Rev. 
14-11. Interment in the cemetery near by. 
^ ° C. P. Rowland. 

SMITH William T., son of S. A. and Amanda Smith, 
died Dec '8 ig02, in Summit County, Colorado, aged 34 
years, 10 months and 19 days. Deceased leaves father 
mother, nine sisters and four brothers He was killed 
by accidentally falling from a cliff while hunting. The 
remains were sent to Dunlap, Kans and aid to rest in 
the German cemetery. Funeral by the writer, f ™™ Heb. 

TANNA, Sister Ursula, died Dec. 7, 1902, in the Hoyle 
congregation, Okla., aged 87 years 7 months and 20 days. 
Services by the writer, from Job 16: 22. Z. Henncks. 

WOLFORD, Ananias, died near Bigmount, York Coun- 
ty Pa., Nov. 20, 1902, aged 74 years and 22 days. Services 
at Hultzswam meetinghouse by brethren William Wiley 
and D. H. Baker. Andrew Bowser. 

YODER, Guy Alden, son of Eld. R. A. and Anna Yoder, 
died of typhoid fever, Nov. 17, 1902, at the home of his 
parents near Sabetha, Kans., aged 21 years, 6 months 
and 26 days. He united with the church at the age of 
twelve years and lived a most exemplary Christian lite. 
He gave great promise for future usefulness when death 
claimed him. Services by the writer in the Sabetha 
church. Kans. J- S. Mohler. 


^I%^^^ D . s u I °rsrSvs, A p,^VeS ng SL wa s SIis' y 

DENVER, COLO— Cor. W. 14U1 Ave. and Irvine St S. S., "> A. IL; 
Preaching. II A. M.i Prayer Meeting. 7:30 P. M. Take westbound 
Larimer Cable, off at Irving. 

DES MOINES, IOWA.-1606 E. Lion SL S. S., 10 A. M.l Preach- 
ing, II A. M„ IP. M.l Children's. Meeting. 7 P. "■! Fr.yer Meeting. 
Thursday, 8 P. M. 

HARRISBURG, PA.— Brethren Chapel, Co 
Haehnlen Ave. S. S., 10 A. M.; Preaching, 
Prayer Meeting, Wednesday evening. 

■.uTs^Sri. C .Ta°T fp S M.V s" d S.^ r = ,h A% OU "Yo A u n', 
People's Meeting, 7 P. M. 

BROOKLYN MISSION. N, Y.— 1393 3d Ave. S. S., 10 A. M.; 
Preaching I. A. M., 7.3° P. M.; Bible study, Tuesday; Singing, 
Wednesday; Prayer Meeting, Friday. 

KANSAS CITY, KANS— Corner Central Ave, and oth St. S. S., 
10 A. M.7 Preaching. 11 A. M., T- 45 P. M-; Prayer Meebng, Thureday, 
8 P. M. 

GERMANTOWN. PHILADELPHIA, PA.— 6611 Germantown Ave. 
Pr?yer Meeting Thursday, 8 P. M-i S. S., 9 : 30 A. M., Preaching, .0: 3 o 

& \A ,• .c P M 

of Hummel St and 
1 A. M., 7=3° P- M.; 


By Eld. D. L. Miller. 

Is Haying a Remarkable Salel 

First Edition About Exhausted. 

Agents are writing to us every day of their successes. 
Note a few Testimonials: 

" ' The Eternal Verities ' is a marvelous collection of 
historical nuggets testifying to a literal fulfillment of 
prophecy in many ages. From the literal fulfillment of all 
that was spoken concerning the Christ coming in his hu- 
miliation, and from those prophecies pointing to cities and 
nations and their literal and complete fulfillment, have we 
not the key to unlock the prophecies pointing to Christ's 
second coming? " 

"'Eternal Verities* is a marvelous book. Our young 
ministers should receive a double inspiration from it." 

" (1) By being better qualified to wield the Sword of the 

" (2) To emulate the author by doing and using what is 
at hand to make a stepping-stone for something higher and 

In order to give our readers a better idea of the book, 
we quote the contents: 

Introduction by the author. 

A Brief Historical Sketch of the Old Testament. 

A Historical Sketch of the New Testament. 

The English Bible. 

The Antiquity and Genuineness of the Bible. 

The Word of Prophecy. 

Prophecies Concerning God's Chosen People. 

The Destruction of Jerusalem. 

Babylon the Great City. 

Nineveh and Tyre. 

Prophecies Concerning the Coming of Christ. 

Miracles of the New Testament. 

Resurrection of Jesus Christ. 

The Epiphanies of Our Risen Lord. 

Jesus of Nazareth the Son of God. 

The Agreement Between the Land and the Book. 


Price, cloth-bound "■ ? I - 2 5 

Write to-day for Agents' rates, stating township and 
county in which you wish to canvass. 
Address all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 


Not already done so should at once 


their subscription 

I The Gospel Messenger. 

: 45 A. M. 

ioth SL 

A. M., 7:4s P. M. 

FORT WAYNE, IND.— S. S-, 9:30 A. M.l preaching, 1 
and 7 P. M. 

BROOKLYN MISSION, N. Y.— 1377, <-g'-J>' i -i?°- r ?£ 
S S., .0 A. M.; Preaching, 11 A. M., 7: 3« P- M.j Bible Class, 
day; Teachers' Meeting, Thursday; Prayer Meeting, Friday. 

AKRON.— Meeting every Sunday evening, corner Exchange and 
Main Streets, over People's Bank Building. 

CHICAGO —Brethren church, 183 Hastings St., S. S. 9; 45 A. M. 
PrS .. A. M. and 7.30 P. M. fSSfcTo^FaE".^. 
7-30 P. M. Take any west bound car and transfer on Paulina street 
cart south to Hastings, walk one-half block cast to church. 




Jan. 10, Lordsburg. 
Jan. 24, 2 pm. Crystal. 


Jan. 3, 4 pm, Lower Miami. 

Jan. 10, Salt Plains. 


It is announced that the extension of the Verdigre branch 
of the North-Western Line to Bonesteel, S. Dak., on the 
edge of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, is now open for 
traffic. Part of the Rosebud lands are to be opened for 
settlement next spring, and it is expected there will be a 
tremendous rush into this country now that the new rail- 
way is built. The line passes through some of the richest 
grazing lands in the world. The Rosebud lands them- 
selves are known for their value in this regard and doubt- 
less the opening of this public land will attract large 
crowds from all over the country. 

Our regular subscription price isonlySl-50, and the 
paper will be sent to you every week for one year. 

Please let us hear from you without further delay, 
for it is important that our mailing list should be as cor- 
rect as possible. 

Combination Offer. 

1 have 

Tluou«b special merit a with the publishers W 
cured a larRC number of Compilative Parallel Bibles ( 
reduced rate and we Rive our readers (lie advanlaRO ol it. 
is specially arranged, so that you can read cither old or r 
slou and aeo the exact difference without referring Irom one part of a 
paRC to another, Those Bibles have been cataioRued by us lor sev- 
eral years at prices named in Combination. Y 
thnt it is a bargain. 

Combination " A " Bible, Imperial Seal, Divinity Cir- 
cuit, lined lined, round comers, red under gold,— 

roRular price ■■■•■ 

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edges, regular catnloRiie price.. 
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To you, carriage prepaid, ONLY 


A Harvest for Agents! 

...India; A Problem... 


«> « ® 
Has been issued from the press and all orders have 
been filled. The book is profusely illustrated, printed on 
excellent paper and neatly bound. Cloth, $1.25; morocco, 

$2.00. _„ 

Part I. 
Chapter 1.— India Under the British Flag. 
Chapter 2.— Where the People Live. 
Chapter 3— An Indian Village. 
Chapter 4.— The Parsees. 
Chapter 5— The Buddhists. 
Chapter 6— The Mohammedans. 

Chapter 7.— The Hindoos. ,„."„,■ 

Chapter 8— Materials for Comparison-Study of the Keli- 
gious Problem in India. 

Part II. 
Fifteen Chapters on the Several Missions of India, Show- 
ing the Word Done. 

Part III. 
New India, or What of the Future? 

The book is written by one of our own missionaries who 
has spent seven years among the people of India, and who 
has so infused his own enthusiasm into his work that it 
cannot fail to arouse the missionary sentiment in the 
church and awaken each one to a sense of his duty to his 

fellow-man. „»>«„ .» « xrT>rr-r» 


In each township in every county. A prospectus is now 

ready Write for particulars at once, stating the township 

wanted and giving name of county. Address: 


Elgin, Illinois. 

I Red Letter New Testament. 

Combination No. I. Cloth, Grained In Imitation oi 
lonthor, round comer., gill edge, gold lettering on sides. 
Regular price * ' c 

Gospel Messencee, one year... ■ ■ I,s ° 

Total ■ a,a ° 

Our price to you for both, ONLY - - $100 
Combination No. 2. Loathcr, limp, rod under gold 

edges round corners, gold lettering on aide, silk marker. 

a solt'oud pliable binding. Regular price i 100 

Gosi'HL Messenger, one year ' s ° 

Total ' W 

Our price to you for both, ONLY - - $a.i5 

Combination No. 3- Leather »aed, Dignity circuit. 

red under gold edges, round comers, exactly like cut 

shown In supplement. Regular price.. * ' 

Gospel Messenger, one year ■ _J 

Total ' ] 

Our price to you for both, ONLY - - *3M° 


± Brethren Publishing House, 

Elgin. Illinois. 

iU^H-H- H" ' " ' " ' ■' '" ' "' ' " ' " ' "'"' ' ' """ '"'"' " '"' " ' ' '"" ' ' ' ' '"'"* 




1 = a new book that we have just published. The au- 
thor Sister Elizabeth D. Rosenberger. needs no introduc- 
tion to the readers of the Messenger. Her new book is 
a collection of Bible stories beginning with Adam and Eve 

"She Stents AunT Dorothy as gathering four or five 
young people around her in the evenings, and telling these 
x?htl Tories in a way that makes them seem real and 
Bible *°" cs ^"l™^ Ishmael, Isaac and Rebekah hve 
interesting, Hagar and M.l , ^ ^ g 

aga '„l, to love and study the Bible. The book is beau- 
filuSy iUustrated and will make a rare Christmas gift for 

'TrtistfcTover'design. Price, 35 JL Address all or- 

Elgin, Illinois. 





ant 1 — 


to i 



of ih 
■ Eel 
of Sc 

our S 
feel tl 
dred i 
stay c 
to pre 
io A. 
7:30 \ 

Upper FaUC«^ church met. c ^of 

morning, ^e have c t year, one a y 

meetings and one bid ^ May. and one j cQn _ 

town in March, one at D ding the Bible ^ ho ° and six 

Creek chnrchm August, P^ fran 

pcc.ed to he with -J^S^^MtSTSiSJ 
\ cordial> s extend ^ from Ce t ra. 

trolley line w.ll f ke P"'^ corner of Portage Ave- 
„ a tion north, and get off at tQ chur(:h . 

„„e and Cashing St.. go south . g p Sanger . 

South Bend, Ind>ec_3>_ 

:a ry was ■="»-.»•-' - 

were baptized L On acco ^ ^ (o0 soon ._fe, 

r^SSlS? Xlnn., Dec. * ^ , 

,', ■ renter church met m council Dec. 9 ol for 

Omon Center « (wo received Sunday 

,ers were | rantea re . or ganizcd, with Bro. «• D 

enSU 'te 8 ndTn. m " tendance is . ^£'^&,X «en- 
permtendent m eetmgs, held ev ry vv foes 

season. Oil t> interest. The lesso {ec ,l y 

,ng ' '", T riven in the Messenger. They ar t have 

°on, Ind.. Der 27. 

I went from Virginia to Kentucky to meet «*^°' 

Led be.ter, from Hawk,ns £%£ ^ days we had 

week 's meeting. After » e 'ng mceting . W 

Bro Joseph I. Sizemore to assist u at Black 

members o, ^«-™ legation, -f* 

Snake, Kentucky, for a sepa congregat.on 

Cumberland mountain th 1 ™ be ' w ion be ing named 

a „d the Black Snake our <™f * wc ,, s Moun ,ain for 

Whi te Shoals); then .,0 t opof^ c .„ h 

S^ET conation, of Hawkins County, Ten 

Si* The petition was granted 

After having a good mee £*££«? M Neffs 

hater on, and =«'"" ^nbapSm Later on we had an- 
■ meeting put on Chris. «*» Bvo Jacob Jone s's 

other applicant. »»« mt as mod erator, 

house and elected Bro. JosepB l- a wer£ put 

and William S. Eldndge as """^Xand David Still, 
t0 the ministry brethren John Dav is ^ ^^ 

and Bro. Jacob Jones in *« £££ elder a „d Bro. Peter 
We ejected Bro. os ph I. S,«m rsh . p ^ „ 

Clepper assistant elder. Our ^ ^ respect , ve 

After meeting next day we W illiam S. Eldridge. 


Rose Hill, Va. , « , 




Ceced .0 «ne mmistry -^ ^.^ „ the eld - 
second degree in the year io/u, 

ership in i89 2 - . «;. i,ct wife 

B I Repiogle was married^hree ,mes. His las^ ^ 

and seven children survive h.m. H« a ^ g 

Udell, Dec. « .90.. aged 7- J-r*^ by thc 

davs Funeral services at trie nrei 

Bro. Martin came to this -°»""\ and flourishing 

was instrumental in building up a large 
church in the Southern District of low- Wnde w « 
ly fee , the ioss of our brother, we fee. tha.^ ^^ 

e ain - ^ ^ 

Moulton, Iowa, Dec. 26. 

— » * ■ 


The new meetinghouse^n is £**£%*$, '" 
South Bend, Ind., on the corner of Cush »« ^ 

b „ s,reetS A Wil. be dedic ted „ J-^ ^ fi 
Trou", Editof 'of our Sunday-school publications, ,s ex- 

The Brethren 
Sunday School 

...For 1903- 
Is Going Out Rapidly I 

e nti re .y by our Sunday- choo ed ^ M 

a „ d we bespeak for ,»* »'« of this book and the 

ra tion has been given "^^ ;„ every respect. 

^ to *^ffi*j-*-SS. mtroducory 

Radial map of the A P os ' leS flowing first quar- 

Matter; Map of P- 1 ^^™^ Radial Key of Palestine 

ter; Map of the »*»«££** f the Empire of Dav.d 
following the second quarter, » V Map of s , 

and Solomon following th . th«d Q . Cut of the 

lion's Temple following B f^Z**A Q""'"' s ,eSS ° nS - 
Tabernacle, at the close of the s Commentary 

We are pleased to state 'f''^ yea r of its 
ha^rown rapidly in favor s,nce *=fir r ^y y ^ .^ 

tion and we urge upon those w . its use among 

lt5 and advantages "o-*-^,* Especially has 
all the Sunday schools of the B«,t» iMd ^ th 

i ts value to our ministers been 8 apart , 

b »' fi, ^r*«T^S *= « sh Fund - Further 

^o^natut.h,swmb^-ater. dudingthe 

The Commentary contains * pag described ^ , he 


address. 80 cents 

Price, cloth-bound • ■ ■ ■ • _ A ddress, 

We are now ready to orders 

January 3, ^J ft 

^. t ***************"****% 

The Inglenook 

. ForthecomingyearwUlbereplet^^ 

! things, more and be.ter than _ , ^1«^ 

templated improvements 

The Inglenook 

of thc most entertaining and in- 
Will be one of the m 
str „c.ive magazines P— ^ ^ 
cia, features will be announced b«« 
:- th^:^: ^ bL in the past 
„i„ be improved on in the future. 

The Inglenook 

Costson,yado,,arforafu,ly=ar k andjt»i.» 

the limited edition lasts, or the 1 g 

Book, as the P)**^"^^: 
The time to subscribe is NOVV. 

ire now ready to receive »^r- 
BRETHREN' publishing HOUSE, 
Elgin, Illinots. 

Our Book and Bible Catalogue 

FOR 1903 

■ ,. Free Upon Request. 

terestingman hncet . bieB . og . 

^f Twill prove interesting alike 
raphies. It will P persons. 

^e^yS^the great £ 

_j 105 pages. 

40 Cents 

brethren Wishing house. 

Elgin. Iffinou. 

Will DC J-... 

to any Address 

i of hooks and Bibles 
It contains many "andsome cuts f book^^ ^ ^ ^ 
and gives full descriptions and prices ^ ^^ 
iargest and most complete eata.l ^g [rf wffl brmg , t 
House. Order one to-day. 
to you. Address: 

that fills a pressing 
need in this period of 
worldly tendencies 
among Christian peo- 

It is a book that 
vividly illustrates the 
danger of yielding to 
the temptations that 
beset our young peo- 
ple on every hand. 
Fathers and mothers, 
it is your duty to set 
your children to think- 
ing along these lines, 
and this book will 
leave a lasting im- 
pression for good upon 


Cloth, Postpaid, 
Only $1-00. 

Address -all orders to 


Elgin, Illinois. 

I"""*" Do You Want ^ 

} The Brethren Almanac | 

I 3 For io°3 ? « 

Con 5 u.Hhcl a b.. m y»rP»P«» d "°";,i bav e to re»e« your 
„aid op only ««tll January. W3. «i»t V „ 1U be malted to 


;3r ==-=-—-""" 

I °" C " BRETHREN «*» «° USE ' 
* Elgin, Illinois. 

A1 one with Ood^By ^Garrison. ^» *r , 

t^ye-r, and tb«««^ 5*J^£. iU •*-»* , 
thc moat popobir. In *ora 01 ^^ „, u be I 

'pi. - Wovad .u«.or --^."suu^oo. super,.- 

Elgin, IUinou. 

arked fc 



.. SET for THE DEFENSE OF THE GOSPEL.'-Phil. I: 17- ^__ 

: ^f == ~: Elgin, III., January 10, 1903. No ' 2 ' 

VOL. 4*. - 

^,, w weeks a«o~dn^eneral opinion in SouthAf^ The payment of the Chinese indemnity is likely to 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. * ^ g ,» lists was „- ostilc t0 Mr . cause some trouble unless the powers agree to let he 

aambe in Coonial Secretary of the English gov- question he settled by The Hague tr >unal. A he 

Editorial— . ., Liiamoeriaii , ^.o , rW ;,,„H ,-lvmm. recent- time the agreement was made the Chinese tael was 

Beijing «he Preachdrs .-■■« '^lef to S^nd spend some lime among the disaf- pay a certain number. But since, then owing to the 

A U ^rT^uST^P„bii sh i„ g HouVe;: J <£££ ^rprincipa. military grtvance was decrease in the value of silver, the value ..f die tae 

Th?V>S e?a S6£*MI>-iS:^ X- 2 i ^U would be record, and taels agreed ^^^J^^^ 
. O^&Bi b ie'a„aHo^We0„«u:-By^ *.~— ^^SS««S 5-AS"^ ifina wants the 

^,f^^^a y erMee t i ng N^:'B yE H^ ta* f= e *Jb« -££ « | ^^ ^ sub , mttcd „, The „ court If the po. 

Prehistoric Civilization in America « ation between tjoei . . government will advise tlieni to submit the 

Home and Family,- 2j ^ one promoted here and in England by his person- become nations 

Wh^t U Conv!&nDoes K ::.::......... « al an( i political enemies. Henceforth all his propos- ^ ^ ^^ mmm served thrtv 

Some Queer Plurals. By N^ R. Baker ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ „ thc n a more ■ J^, ^ p residcnt prison's ad- 
General Missionary and Tract Department,- ^ ^.^ ^ by ^ ^ opponents and the support- ^^ g h< , „ as appointed again i„ 1807 by 

Chinch GrowttAn'cides'. ' By John E. Mohler 27 crs of the war ." President McKiulcv. and has served since to the en- 

From Oklahoma District By A. J. Smith,. . .. . .. . .. ..^ ^^ dmnkenncss is a habit mo st injurious to the ^ ^.^^ o[ t , u . post-office inspectors who have 

indiai. Ocean Meditations'. By Wilbur Stover |7 drunkards and to society is pretty generally recog- ^ ^ ^ linu . „, timL , Her repil- 

God's Call t o Work. By H. A. Stahl ■ m ^ w±rinm kinds of efforts are made to <le- ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ sh( , .,„,, , u ,. lulsl , a ,„| „ wn fen 

-.- - WT^ViT^dTn ""crease the evil coming from indulging too freely in ^^ ^^ worth of property . Among 

AROUND THE WORLD. the use of strong drink The licensing act which went thMe onfer bond is t h e present Democratic State sen- 

. .„ ^^=^ ^ . nto effect in Lonrio,,. England. Jan. I, and which is be- ^ ^ ^ ^.^ MgMKr wi „, tbc i ea ding banker 

Moxnw evening of this week Don Praxedes Mateo enfor the judges, has for its aim to dimmish ^ ^.^^ ^ ^ ^.^^ se „ ator from thc district, 

Sagasta, liberal leader and many times premier ot ilrunkenness . Thc magistrates immediately applied ^ ^ Democrat This shows in „hat respect she is 

Spain died. He had resigned as premier but a few ^ ^ which ca „ s for the publication of a black- ^^ And yp( a hiw , css e]ement has forced her to 

weeks before his death. His life was a remarkable ^ q{ habitual drunkards , whose convictions must be Their effort was to gct hcr Qul and have some 

• one being full of ups and downs. At one time he ^.^ tQ (he polke authorities. The habitual drunk- ^ on pn( m Bu , it has jailed so far. • The 

fought for the monarchy, at another time against it. under heayy pcnalties , are debarred from pur- ^ hi „ nl been accepted, but the office lias 

Once he was sentenced to death, but escaped. Twice ^ int0 xicants for a term of three years An- ^^ ^^ md Uk , w ,, olc matl , r referred to the at 

he was compelled to go into exile. He was one of the ^ ^^ ^ ^ act prov i des a fine of ten dollars ^ Qur govemme „ t can „ot discrimma *.• 

plotters who in 1866 drove Isabella II. from the throne. Qr & mon(h , s imprisonme nt for a woman found intaxi- am . racc Wl . are all equal before the law 

He saw trouble ahead in Cuba if oppression con- ^^ whik she is acco mpanied by any child under ^^ ^ ^^ phasc of the que stioi. may appeal 

tinued and forced a law through the cortes giving ars . This law, if it continues to be enforced. ^ ^ That community is unfortunate which has 

the Cubans comparative freedom. Because of the {q be a great Mp t0 drunkards and a blessing to fa .^ ^.^ enQugh q[ [he lawless e , c ment to disturb 

insurrection the law was never put in operation. He ^ ^.^ and friends . or drivc away „ losc who are law-abiding and . tte 

was in power during the Spanish-American war and tro ^ruScur7has issued a report t0 th eir own business. Men need ,c , be ■ aug 1, to ; 

did much to save the Spanish throne from utter ruin. 1 ik schoo of w ^ ^ nQw ^^^ )g spe£t ^ rights f others . , hen we shall 

The voung king of Spain was grateful knowing how on the sleeping t ^ ^ discovcred ^ wars am , stnk ^ 

much he owed to the old man, and would have Uganda Centr ^ ^ ^ disease „,,, 

gone to see him before the end if high officials had ,,„>> *f™J e ™f thousand peo ple and is As ,me p sses , ^becomes , 

not told him it was against court etiquette for h,m ^already taUed ^ _ ^^ Us ^ ,, Enghsh p o P e ar not ^^ 

,0 do so. It has been said that for fifty years SagasU sp ea ng new ^ rf menace ma all ^« . ,n ^ M rter tn oU^ t d ^ ^ 

W as the most glaring . figure among all the diplo- ^ to th _. ^ ^ ^ b 2 T e^t no doubt that they will be 

-ts of Europe. ! h f sleeping sickness as a complaint something like matic blun ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ tb 

SbME of the Catholics in the Philippines have se- ^^^^Z&SZ+Z I continue ceofitwm ^^^«* 

ceded and made themselves independent Catholic mat»n of theb^ P ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ w ,u 1'^ t anarcby 

churches rather than have Spanish pries s over them *£**J?££L progresse s, and the patient be- hfe the treasury «. II ^ emp . P ^ 

These independents have possession of the church that ume the ^ ra P « after other t oms will reign. .Tte.^J* natura „ v enough , do no. 

property, which is not pleasing to the church party, comes stu, d ^ and n. ^ ^ ne wit[l tb vieW s and they »rt« J ^ 

T^e papa, delegate has asked Governor Taf, to dis- ^^J^Z its spread is assured by over- like to *£*«* ^ ^ nations, to be al- 

possess them, using force if necessary^and restore the diseas s contag.o ^ ^ sam£ ^ ^ ^^ whether do-b id ^ ^ 

property to the Roman Catholics. He said he has "° wd 2 ti " "many large and thickly populated areas ways suspecting some ulte ^^ ^ 

no right to do so, and advised that an appeal be taken ^P." "^nd the outlook is gloomy. Bu, actions of oAers But nc do g ^ ^ 

,0 the courts. This will probably be done. Once ,t '^ ™ "^1/; argtT0US sleeping sickness lhat the the ^esen ondmon ^ ^ ^ hav , 

would not have seemed wrong .0 place over a peo- there s fe «« ^o B ^ ^ ^ ^ . , , „, h fate* 1 ^ ^ ^ 

pie priests whom they did not like or trust. But such one desc bed abov ^ & . ^ ^^ ^ for «^™ ^ tance . They will be more 

a step is hardly advisable in a free country. Nor ,s it a e^ted rom ^ ^^ hy ^ ^ o|]C chosen nth pre nt^ reiifce ^ 

it the best thing to do anywhere. If there is any a few years, *° It is contagious and dead- -reful. ami Amencan , ^ ^ 

man in the world who ought to be loved by those under red* no man , s reach a remedy wl „ no be -PP^f ^ 

his care it is the spiritual leader of a people. This ly But he Lo F whose sou , is as , eep in sin. promote the peace 

age demands that men be led, not driven. A* will heal any 



January 10, 1903 

-PEACE ON EARTH."— Luke 2: 14- 

How sad the work on earthly sod, 

How vast the marks of sword and pen, 
Bu» great has been the work of God, 

To better all the sons of men. 
*nd so the work has moved along. 
The way of life was kept in sight; 
The rule of right, but seldom strong; 

Yet prophets sought to show the light. 
And oft the wrongs were sad and great, 

For masses did not heed the word. 
Vet marks were left in church and state, 

To show that men could serve the Lord. 
And while the day was slow to come, 

True light at last, shone on the earth; 
The Son of God made ear* his home. 

So man might learn what grace was worth. 
His life, his Word, and then his death, 

All mark a spot yet seen below, 
For love which gives to foes its breath, 
Is what a heathen world should know. 
The darkness now has tried each clime, 

The beast on earth has had its day, 
But light at last doth show the time, 

When truth can drive -{he clouds away. 
And while our race is slow to learn. 

The light does spread in every place. 
That men may take another turn. 

And seek to use all means of grace. 
If love be shown, then peace will reign, 

The light will shine in all the earth, 
When not a soul has loss or pain, 

And all will learn what peace is worth. 
If wrongs are done, let wisdom tell 

How right can have its place with all, 
For minds and hearts in peace no dwell 

Will give the right to great and small. 
The mind is now the force we need, 

Good sense should rule in every place; 
But force that makes the man to bleed 

Is what will weaken any race. 
To slay the man doth give no right, 

To waste his goods can make no claim, 
But if the man would show a light, 
His love, with Christ's, will make a flame. 

But war is loss in any place, 

The victor wins, but pays the cost; 
While peace, if made, to all is grace, 

For none can say their cause is lost. 
But worse than all, war's plan is blind, 

It has no light for any place; 
While statesmen show themselves behind, 

But peace and love will crown the race. 
And nations now, to show their light, 

Should seek for truth on sea and shore, 
For. this will give each one his right, 

And peace will reign for evermore. 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 



An Essay in Two Parts.— Part 2. 
Be sober, be vigilant, for your adversary, the devil, as 
.1 roaring lion, walketh about seeking whom he may de- 
.our. — I Peter 

We are now ready, having proved that the devil 
has a personal existence, to enter into the consider- 
ation of the supposed object of his existence — the 
purpose of his creation, and where he may have a 
local habitation (if any) among the children of men, 
or anywhere else in the vast and illimitable regions 
of space. We will pursue this investigation, in the 
search-light of the Word of God. 

The earliest record we find of the devil is in Rev- 
elations 12; 7. It is there stated that there was 
war in heaven : Michael and his angels fought against 
the dragon and his angels. In the eighth verse it 
is declared that the dragon was defeated, and that 
their places — both the dragon's and his angels' — were 

found there no more. In the ninth verse it .s re- 
corded that this dragon was that old serpent called 
the devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world, 
etc All these various names are synonymous, and 
refer to the same individual, who is a person and 
not the abstract idea of an evil passion. We see here 
defined, also, his character, and his occupation. He 
is a liar, and a deceiver. The field of his opera- 
tions we see is large. It is here declared that he 
deceived the whole world! 

The apostle Peter in his second epistle (2:4) men- 
tions this war in heaven, when he says. " God spared 
not the angels that sinned! " The same apostle rep- 
resents Satan as the adversary of man, as " a roar- 
ing lion, walking about seeking whom he might de- 
vour." 2 Peter 5:8. . 
In every instance where Satan, or the devil, is 
mentioned in the Scriptures, he is represented as a 
person, and is portrayed as the enemy of mankmd! 
Innumerable warnings are given us to beware of his 
wiles, his cunning snares, and his evil designs to- 
wards the children of men. 

Where did the devil originate? This seems to be 
the formidable query propounded by our opponents. 
We answer, most unhesitatingly, In heaven! There 
can be no mistake about this! The Word of God 
says so! He is a fallen angel! one of those— the 
leader— who rebelled against the authority of the King 
of heaven. " O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art 
thou fallen! " 

Satan makes his first appearance on earth in the 
warden of Eden. He there presents himself to the 
woman in a tangible, visible shape, and it is a cu- 
rious coincidence that here also, as at first in heaven, 
he appears in the form of a serpent! an evil beast! 
Here, too, at once, he begins his congenial work, 
that of a deceiver! He opens his earthly career with 
a lie in his mouth, and withal, we see that Satan, 
here as elsewhere, exhibits no mean degree of in- 
tellectual capacity. His mental perceptions were 
acute! In the art of deception he is unsurpassed. 
And he yet " stands at the head of his class! " We 
must,' however, admit that he yet has some pupils 
who take, in this respect, high rank with their il- 
lustrious leader. The Sacred Word itself bears tes- 
timony to the fact of Satan's high mental gifts! It 
declares that "the serpent was more subtle than 
any beast of the field which the Lord God had made." 

Gen. 3:1. 

Here also is the admitted and plainly declared fact 
that God created the devil! The Divine Record also 
gives us to understand that, at first, the serpent was 
of noble form and appearance, that he stood erect, 
like his Creator, and was endowed with the gift of 
speech ! 

By his cunning, but sophistical, powers of reason- 
ing, he deceived the woman. He confused the dis- 
tinction between right and wrong in her mind, and 
led her to distrust and, finally, to disregard the word 
of God. To iustill doubt was his first step in the 
unhallowed work. Then followed unbelief, and, final- 
ly, its inevitable fruit, disobedience! Alas! this was 
the sad work that "brought death into the world, 
and all our woe, with loss of Eden ! " Because of 
this evil deed God pronounced a curse on Satan, and 
degraded him in the scale of being! Because -of this 
•■ upon thy belly shalt thou go all the days of thy life; 
and dust shalt thou eat!" Thus the devil was 
stripped of his power in a large degree, was deprived 
of the gift of speech, the erect posture, and was 
doomed to crawl in the dust. Eternal enmity was 
entailed between his seed and that of the woman! 
Man was put on his guard against the suggestions 
and the temptations of the evil one, and so the dev- 
il was shorn of much of his power for his nefarious 

Prominent among the peculiar characteristics of the 
devil there seems to be an element of ubiquity. He, 
not infrequently, presents himself in localities where 
least expected, and, very often, when least wanted. 
And, perhaps, we might here suggest that this el- 
ement of Satanic character may quite often be ob- 
served in this day and age, among his followers! 

Indeed,- these peculiar " ear marks " are by no means 
uncommon. We find Satan a conspicuous figure in 
the book of Tob. When the Lord inquires. " Whence 
comest thou, Satan?" the arch apostate, in nowise 
abashed, replies, " From going to and fro in the earth, 
and from walking up and down in it! " This surely 
indicates that Satan possessed the power of loco- 
motion! He must have had a good, stout pair of 
legs, to enable him to undertake a tramp of that sort ! 
It will, also, be observed, by all careful students of 
the Word of God, and, especially, of those interested 
in the character and biography of Satan, that the 
arch fiend has always been noted for a tremendous 
supply of energy. There is no element of laziness 
in either his mental or his physical make-up! In 
the pursuit of his evil purposes he does not stop at 
trifles. If a coach is not handy, we see that he does 
not hesitate to walk! He will do that, any time, 
rather than give up the trip! We also see that the 
devil is a great gossip! He loves to get people to 
speaking evil of one another, and it is his supreme 
delight to set a whole community together by the 
ears over some family, or neighborhood scandal. He 
can smell the taint of a thing like that, just as the 
■ turkey buzzard does the rotten carcass, for miles away. 
We have just said that a neighborhool scandal was 
the devil's supreme delight. We recall that state- 
ment! We sincerely believe that the devil's high- 
est delight is to stir up a fuss in the church. He 
rolls that job as a sweet and delicious morsel under 
his tongue! If he can only engender strife between 
brethren, get them to speaking evil of one another, 
and thus keep the church in a continual turmoil, 
keeping it up from one council meeting to anoth- 
er—and hinder any settlement of the troubles, the 
peacemakers strive to bring about, then the devil is 
in the height of enjoyment. He will do all in his 
power — his level best — to confuse the brethren's 
minds, to foment the mischief and to prevent all 
the efforts made to settle the disturbance. While this 
state of affairs continues the devil will never miss 
a single council' meeting! He will he there every 
time! Moreover, he will not be on hand as an idle, 
or disinterested, spectator! He will be there as a 
worker! And he will make a full hand every time! 
Brethren! shut the door on him! Don't let him in! 
Why was the devil made? What was the pur- 
pose of his creation? Cui bono? Dear readers, ask > 
us something easy! God's purposes are not always 
revealed to us! Is there need that they should be? 
It is more than idle for the finite to enter upon the 
vast, illimitable domains of the Infinite Mind, to en- 
deavor ttx unravel the deep, mysterious things of the 
Spirit? From such an exploration we return like 
Noah's dove, with weary, soiled and drooping pinions, 
and with no " kind Nepenthe " for the thirsty soul ! 
Kansas City, Kans. 


thians, Chapters 1-4. 


All sectarianism can be traced to the same cause 
which broke up the Corinthian church into factions, 
and the remedy which Paul gave to that church will 
still v be. effective as healing all partisan disorders, if 
reduced to practice. 
/. Cause of Sectarianism. 

1 Improper conception of the headship and author- 
ity of Christ. 1 Cor. 1 : 12-16. The church has but 
one head. To place any one before Christ is the 
greatest disloyalty. That is just what one does when 
he is controlled by the partisan spirit. The person- 
ality of the man oftentimes eclipses the Christ him- 

2. A false conception of the Gospel. I Cor. I : 
17 to chapter 2. The Gospel is given for the pur- 
pose of saving men, not to lift up their pride and to fur- 
nish occasion for boasting. One reason, doubtless, 
for God's choosing the lowly and shameful way for 
his Son's advent into the world, and lowly and un- 
learned men to carry on his work, was that the whole 

January 10, 1903 



matter might stand in his power and not in the He told them to make it the first thing of their lives, 

wisdom of men. not to make the first thing of their lives the get- 

3. An improper estimate of human teachers. The ting of clothes, shelter or food, the very necessaries 

Paul party doubtless contended that Paul alone was of life, as was the fact in their lives, and is still be- 

the true teacher, and soon the personality of Paul ing done by too many of his followers in the pres- 
was all that was seen, and when Apollos came with 

his mighty eloquence another party arose calling them- 
selves after Apollos. Just in this way to-day many 
people are following men instead of Christ. I am 
persuaded that to-day there are people who are blind- 
ly following some party leader, and if the positive 
statement of Christ was placed side by side with the 
words of this leader the words of the leader would 
have greater weight. Even with good meaning Chris- 
tians, their prejudice is such that their course appears 
right to them. 
II. Cure for Sectarianism. 

1. A true conception of the headship and author- 
ity of Christ. 

2. The well-grounded conviction that the only bind- 
ing authority upon the conscience is the infallible 
Word of God. We need to know that no creed or 
ecclesiastical decisions are binding upon our con- 
science, only in the measure that they are in strict 

■ harmony with the written Word. The day was when 
the only question aske'd was, " What has the church 
decided " ? But the shadow of that day is rapidly 
disappearing before the glaring light of intelligence. 

3. The proper estimate of human teachers— the min- 
isters of the Gospel, (a)- They are but servants of 
the Lord— instruments in his hand for the accom- 
plishment of his will. 1 Cor. 3: 5, 6. (b) They 
are one-^called by the same spirit— teach the same 
truth — stand in the same relationship to God. 1 Cor. 
3:8, 9. There is too much of the hierarchical spirit 
in the churches to-day, even outside of Rome. Of- 
tentimes one man's word is taken— his counsel is 
received — his advice heeded, not because he has the 
truth, but because of his official position. Much mis- 
chief has been done by allowing this principle to rule 
our churches. The question with me is not whether 
a man is in the first or second degree of the ministry 
or an elder, but whether he is a man of intelligence 
and sound judgment. We have some men in the 
first and second degrees of the ministry whose judg- 
ment may be far superior to that of some elders. 
I know of a District in the Brotherhood in the which 
when the question came up in the meeting of the eld- 
ers as to the ordination of a certain brother, one 
elder said, " I am in favor of ordaining him, for I 
know he will do us no harm." (c) Every minister 
must answer to God for his work. I Cor. 3: 10-17. 
Sorrow and anguish will be to him who builds good 
material upon a false foundation, and poor material 
upon a good foundation, (d) Human wisdom and 
devices of the world have no place in the solemn work 
of building the church of God. p l Cor. 3: 18-21. 
(e) Ministers are the property of the church. I Cor. 
3: 22, 23, not to be exalted, but followed as long as 
they follow Christ. " To the law and the testi- 
mony " should be the cry to-day. The Bereans 
are commended for their searching the Scriptures even 
in the face of apostolic teaching. Acts 17: II. (/) 
Ministers are but stewards of the grace of God. I 
Cor. 4: 1-5. 

In view of the fact of the wide-spread spmt of 
sectarianism to-day, it behooves us to bestir ourselves 
and assure ourselves that we are not following any 
man farther than he follows Christ. May the self- 
sacrifice and patient labor of Paul be a mighty and 
effective rebuke upon the partisan spirit to-day. 

Sidney, Ohio. 

ent day. Christ wants us to make it the first ob- 
ject of our lives to build up and maintain his king- 
dom and leave other things to follow. 

To be spiritually minded is Christ. If we be im- 
bued with this spirit our first aim or endeavor will 
be to transform the kingdom of this world into the 
kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ. If we study 
the four Gospels carefully we shall find out what 
it was that Christ understood to be his Father's will. 
It was that he might establish a new social order on 
the earth — his kingdom. He told his disciples to pray, 
" Thy kingdom come, thy will be done, on earth as 
it is in heaven." Paul gives us to understand that 
in " holiness of spirit " is more than meat or drink 
to us. This spirit is to dwell with God's people, 
teach, sanctify and guide them in the way of truth 

more, this spirit-filled life, thus purifying and ele- 
vating all our worldly relations, and transforming 
our commonest duties by making them part of our 
service to him, becoming beacon lights to the world, 
the very candles of the Lord. 

?-'.<j0 Carlisle St.. Philadelphia. Pa. 



In Five Parts.— Part Two. 

h 111a) seem strange that nearly seven hundred 
years should elapse, from the time of the first An-. 
glo-Saxon paraphrase of the Bible, until we find any 
one' actively at work to give the people of England 
the whole Bible in their own language. But it was 
so. And no doubt there were reasons for it. In 
the first place, the people were yet uneducated and 
righteousness, revealing to them the things of ignorant. Learning was then the heritage of the very 

few, and even if they would have had the Bible in 

' How can 



God and the future, testifying of Christ and glorify- 
ing him. Jesus Christ sought, again and again, to 
introduce the third person of the blessed Trinity in 
his sermons to his disciples, but they comprehended 
it not. The glory of the church is that her members 
are composed of men and women who are a habi- 
tation of God through the Spirit (Eph. 2: 22) or- 
dered by God. the Holy Ghost, who makes them 
his temples. We are created, redeemed, born again, 
and sanctified that we may be as our glorious Head, 
filled with God, manifesting God, expressing God to 
the creation. We bear about in the body the dying 
of the Lord Jesus, that the life of Christ may be 
made manifest in our body (2 Cor. 4: 10). 

And this is possible only as we receive the Spirit 
of God to possess us and use us for God. Jesus be- 
gan this work, who but the members of his body 
shall finish the work begun by the Head? 

He devises the plan, his members execute it, but 
only as the Holy Spirit, who dwelt in him, dwells in 
them. Let us not forget that we are called to a 
life that is supernatural; we are called to be spir- 
itual while our nature is yet carnal, to be heavenly 
while our nature is yet earthly, to be creatures of 
eternity while we are living in time, to live without 
sinning while we have a nature that is sinful 
may we wonder with Nicodemus of old 
these things be? " 

The life of Christ, our Savior, is our example. 
He was in the likeness of sinful flesh. He was as weak 
and powerless to do the will of God as any of us 
are. He said: " I can of mine own self do nothing " 
(John 5: 30), "but the Father which dwelleth in 
me, he doeth the work " (John 14: 19). 

By the Holy Spirit possessing his human nature 
the Father dwelt in him and found expression through 
him. Christ was the Word of God, because he yield- 
ed himself unreservedly to carry out all the will of 
God. By means of the Holy Spirit, if we are yield- 
ed up to God as Christ was. Christ dwells in us to 
do the will of God. Christ lives in us if we are un- 
reservedly yielded up to him. As we commune with 
God. and, moment by moment, consent to do God's 
will and way in everything, the Holy Spirit forms 
the Christ life in us. and God can find through us 
expression of himself. We can thus see the immense 
significance, the unspeakable worth of that promise 
of the Father which the death of Christ purchased 
for us, and which comes to us by faith. 

Concerning this great gift of God, the risen Lord 
in his last charge to his disciples said: "Tarry ye 
in the city of Jerusalem until ye be endued with pow- 
er from on high." Up to this time the disciples had 
seen the holy life of their Lord, but they had no 
wer to live such a life. Jesus even tamed with 


He had breathed 

When our blessed Master spoke to his disciples them forty days as the risen One. 

Mount, he guarded them against upon them that they might receive the Spmt He 
He had opened their understanding that they might un- 
derstand the Scriptures, and yet there was some- 
thing wanting, and for this they must wait. 

Mothers, Christ requires us to exercise, more and 

in the Sermon on the 

the danger of trying to do two things at once. 

did not want them to imagine that they could build 

up his kingdom of heaven by taking for it a part 

of their time, or giving to it a part of their energy. 

their own tongue they could not have read it. And 
again the art of printing had not yet been discovered, 
and even if they could have read, it would have been 
next to an impossibility to have supplied copies for 
all. So in God's own time he raised up one who 
should give 'to the world the first English Bible. The 
man who was thus destined to stand as one of the 
world's benefactors was John Wycliffe. the " Morn- 
ing Star of the Reformation." 

John Wycliffe was born in the country of Yorkshire 
about the year 1320. Very little is known of his early 
life other than that he early entered school and at 
about 1355 he was found filling many important po- 
sitions at the University of Oxford. In 1361 he 
was rector at Fylingham and a few years later he 
held the same position at Ludgershall. While holding 
these pastorates he still continued his official con- 
nection with Oxford, delivering lectures on philosophy 
and theology, and owing to his earnestness he was 
called by his contemporaries " the Evangelical Doc- 

In 1374 Wycliffe was appointed by the king as a 
member of a committee or embassy sent to Bruges 
to determine what action should be taken as to a 
matter of dispute between the pope, and the king and 
parliament. Wycliffe sided with the government as . 
against the pope, and from this time on we find him 
in open opposition to Rome. The proceedings of this 
" council of Bruges " seem to have made a deep im- 
pression on the mind of Wycliffe, and thenceforth he 
appears before the world rather in the light of a 
reformer, "the Morning Star of the Reformation." 
The age in which he lived was certainly a very 
dark one, and the need of a reform'certainly became 
a burden to a man of his character. The "black 
death," as it was called, swept repeatedly over the 
country. The clergy were ignorant ; the people were 
neglected; the church was corrupt. In 1378 came 
the Great Schism, with its scandals, two rival popes, 
one at Rome and one at Avignon, uttering curses 
and anathemas upon one another. Class was arrayed 
against class, and " the hard-heartedness of statesmen, 
the ambitious factions of churchmen with their world- 
liness and intrigues, impressed Wycliffe with the in- 
delible conviction that all ranks needed to know and 
study the Divine Word in the tongue intelligible to 
them." The following quotation from the preface of 
one of his translations shows how he was burdened 
with this thought: "Christian men ought much to 
travail night and day about the text of Holy Writ, 
and especially the Gospel in their mother tongue, 
since Jesus Christ, very God and very man. taught 
this Gospel with his blessed mouth and kept it in 

his life." 

Wycliffe's first work in translation was the book 
of Revelation. Perhaps he did Ais because he saw 
in the sins there enumerated wifti their denunciations 
a picture of his own time and people. 

After this came a translation of the Gospels with 
a commentary. Other books followed, so that by 1380 



January 10, 1903 

the whole New Testament was complete. Aided by 
his friend, Nicolas de Herford, he began work upon 
the Old Testament, so that by 1383 he had the pleas- 
ure of seeing the whole of the Bible in a language 
that the common people, all the people, could under- 

But Wycliffe did not do all this work without 
opposition. Strange as it may seem to us in this 
day, it came from many people, especially the priests 
and other churchmen. Hereford, who had assisted 
him in his Old Testament translation, was summoned 
to appear before a council at London in 1382, and 
was afterwards forced to flee on account of his life 
being in jeopardy. As early as 1379 while at Ox- 
ford he was taken violently ill, and it was thought 
he would die. Four friars contrived to get into his 
room, and trying to take advantage of his condition, 
called upon him. as a dying man, to retract what he 
had published against their order, saying if he did 
not their curses and maledictions should follow him. 
Wycliffe was not to be frightened. Assisted by a 
servant he raised himself up and thus answered them : 
- I shall not die, but live to declare the evil deeds 
of the friars." This so discomfited the friars that 
they at once left the room. About 1380 his teach- 
ing was publicly condemned and he himself proclaimed 
a heretic. From this time until his death Wycliffe 
was hunted as a beast of prey, and, though not open- 
ly attacked, he was in continual jeopardy for his life. 
Wycliffe's translation was not only the first entire 
translation into English, but it was by actual fact 
the first translation by a hundred years into any Eu- 
ropean language. It was a hundred and fifty years 
until Germany had Luther's translation, and as Lu- 
ther's Bible gave a new impetus to all German lit- 
erature, the plain, clear terms of Wycliffe's English 
Bible were the beginning of prose literature of which 
the English are so proud. So that it was not only 
a spiritual reformation of which he was to be the 
forerunner, but a literary reformation as well. 

Wycliffe spent his leisure time after completing the 
Bible in revising it. He knew as the work had been 
done by human hands it was not perfect. As his 
mind became more enlightened he would take advan- 
tage of it and revise his former work. He had in 
contemplation the revision and correction of the en- 
tire Bible, but death called him away before it- was 
accomplished, and just in the midst of his labors. 
The completion of the work was left to one John 
Purvey, who issued this revised translation in 1388. 
The work of Wycliffe and Purvey was necessarily 
crude and incomplete in many ways. For the basis 
of their translation they had used largely from the 
Latin Vulgate, and not from the original, so that it 
was first and last a translation of a translation. But 
for the first time, it put into English hands the Holy 
Word of God in their own tongue, whereby many 
were able to read its blessed treasures for themselves 
and not depend upon the priests and then from them 
in a foreign tongue. 

Wycliffe died in 1384 at the rectory of Lutterworth, 
where, for some unaccountable reason, he had been 
left for some time in peace. He was suddenly struck 
with paralysis while engaged in his ministerial labors 
and died just as the old year was passing away. He 
was buried in the churchyard at Lutterworth, but 
his enemies, not desiring his body to rest in death, 
petitioned the pope to have it removed, but the pope 
took no action. By a resolution of the council of 
Constance, 141 5, Wycliffe was pronounced the "lead- 
ing heresy of the age." His books were ordered to 
be burned, and his body removed from consecrated 
ground. The order was not carried out, however, 
until 1428, " when his remains were bumed and cast 
into the river Swift, on its way to the Avon, Avon 
into Severn, Severn into the sea." And thus the ashes 
of Wycliffe are the emblem of his Bible, which now 
is dispersed all the world over." 

Matt. 6; 9-13, according to the Wycliffe version, 
1 382 : Our fader that art in heuenes, halwid be thi 
name : thi kingdom cumme to ; be thi will don as 
in heuen and in erthe; gif to vs this daye oure breed 
ouer other substance ; and forgeve to vs oure dettis 

s we forgeve to oure dettours ; and leede vs not 
1 to temptacioun, but delyvere us fro. yuel. Amen, 
tfo? North Main St., Bellefontaine, Ohio. 



" What is the subject for our prayer meeting this 
evening?" asked Uncle Henry. 

" A working church," answered Barbara. 
" Rather appropriate since it rains ; there will be 
an opportunity for the members to prove their faith 
by their works." 

" Our members do not stay home for the rain, ' 
retorted Barbara : " they come on stormy evenings 

" I am glad of that," answered Uncle Henry. 
" At the Glenside church there were just four on a 
rainy evening. On pleasant evenings the attendance 
would range from twenty-five to fifty; but when it 
was cold or raining these four, one of them an old 
sister, represented the church." 

" If the prayer meeting is the pulse of the church, 
as some one has said, you must have been very weak 
spiritually. I suppose they forgot that Jesus promised 
us life abundantly," said Barbara looking for her Bi- 

'■ Well, I believe that a ntlmber of men thought 
going out on a wet night to hear election returns 
was one thing and going to prayer meeting in the 
same kind of weather was another," answered Un- 
cle Henry. " But I prefer a rainy night for prayer 
meeting because I have noticed that we have the 
best meetings on those evenings. We are more like- 
ly to be of one accord, as they were in the upper 

As Barbara went to get her umbrella and wraps 
we thought of the many who let a gray sky keep 
them fcom assembling themselves together. 

What thrilling prayer meetings were held in the - 
early days of the Christian church. They met wher- 
ever possible to talk about Jesus and pray to him 
for the strength that would enable them to endure 
martyrdom. Dark, stormy nights favored them ; they 
could escape their merciless pursuers more readily. 
Then in 1556 John Knox advised the Christians of 
Scotland, when their ministers were absent, to meet 
together once a week to read the Scriptures and 
exhort one another to be faithful. 

Pleasant memories cluster around prayer meetings 
held in the homes of our members many years ago. 
When the regular preaching services were held in 
some brother's house on Sunday and on Saturday 
evening as many as could would gather in for a 
prayer meeting. 

Some people are not strong enough to go out in 
a storm; it is their duty to care for their health by 
staying at home. But those who can attend to their 
business, as well as those who go to call on some 
friend, have a very shadowy excuse for remaining 
away. Very often as Uncle Henry said the rainy 
evening prayer meetings are the best meetings. The 
room seems bright after the storm and darkness 
through which you have walked. The members there 
have the cause of Christ at heart. There is a warmth 
of feeling, a unanimity of sentiment that forms a 
complete fellowship. Constraint is banished and each 
one speaks of what is in his heart, and all are in 
full sympathy with each other, for where the spirit 
of God is, there is liberty. The timid, backward, dis- 
ciple who can give only a slow, stammering testi- 
mony, should feel at home here. It is easier to speak 
in a warm, earnest meeting; courage comes with this 
opportunity. And words come more readily than ev- 
er before. It strengthens his spiritual life and he 
goes out from that rainy night prayer meeting bet- 
ter able to stand firm against temptation; and the 
other members are encouraged by his effort, and each 
one has a word to say. 

Do not permit the members to seat themselves all 
over the room. Have them draw their chairs to- 
gether and form a group in any part of the room 

where it is' warm and light. Then make of the 
meeting a heart-to-heart talk with God and each oth- 
er. Viewed as a historic event, Pentecost is a thing 
of the past. We have never seen a rushing, mighty 
wind and tongues of flame. But we have realized 
the comfort ahd the help that God has given us in 
response to our prayers. One great and imperative 
need-in our church work to-day is prevailing prayer. 
We have not, because we ask not. The Lord is rich 
unto all them that ask of him, able to do exceedingly, 
abundantly above all we can ask or think. " Who- 
ever prays most helps most." 

" Obedient to thy will, 

We wait to feel thy power; 
O Lord of life, our hopes fulfill 
And bless this hallowed hour." 

As one and then another speaks of the hope that 
is his anchor, all take new courage and feel that 
longing for the spirit-filled life which opens to them 
the secret of his presence. Jesus himself has been 
in their midst. 

Covington, Ohio. 



Both are a Christian duty at times. Standing still 
is not always the wrong thing to do, nor is going 
forward always the right thing to do. It was just as 
important for the children of Israel to stand still 
before crossing the Red Sea as it was important for 
them to go forward. The command, " Stand still, 
and see the salvation of the Lord," was given be- 
fore the command, " Go forward." Just to know 
when to do one or the other depends on circumstances. 
The circumstance in the case referred to in the four- 
teenth chapter of Exodus made it necessary to do 
both, and so the standing still was really a going 
forward. It ought always to be so. But is it always 
so? Does our standing still in life always mean a 
going forward? A paradox, you say. No, my 
friends, not always. Can't you recall an experience 
in your life that verifies the statement made? The 
writer can in not a few cases. 

Long years ago, when a boy of about fourteen years 
old, the writer got bewildered and lost in the woods. 
The woods did not embrace a great number of acres, 
but I was completely lost, and the more I tried to 
find my way out, the worse lost I became. I tried 
frequently to find my way out by starting in differ- 
ent directions, but nearly in every case turned up again 
at almost the exact point from which I had started. 
Night was fast coming on and the thought of be- 
ing lost in the woods, and again and again trying 
to extricate myself from the sad dilemma, only to 
be disappointed and discouraged in the effort, was an 
awful experience, and one that I shall never forget. 

At last, weary and nervous over trying to find my 
way out of' the woods, I sat down by the side of 
a tree and anxiously listened and waited for some 
sound or voice that might indicate to me the direc- 
tion out of the woods. At last the voice came, just 
as night was coming on. A neighbor of ours was 
out plowing late in the evening. He was saying 
" gee " and " haw " so loud to the horses and kept 
it up so late in the evening that I kept up following 
the direction of the voice until I found my way out 
of the woods, which was on the adjoining farm, but 
glad all the same for getting out of the woods. 

Now, in the case of my experience of having been 
lost in the woods and how I found my way out, it 
was especially important, and the thing to do at the 
time, to " stand still." Standing still and listening 
in my case meant going forward. And just so in 
life's experience in ever so many ways. Having just 
crossed the threshold into the New Year, the year 
1903, we might " stand still " a moment and retro- 
spect the past, not with a view of continuing to stand 
still, but only to right our wrongs and start out afresh 
on life's pathway. And as we stand still and re- 
trospect the past let us not forget to listen to the 
voice that beckons us on to. duty and to go forward. 
Our standing still ought only to mean to us the 

January lo, 1903 


sounding of the car wheels and the seeing to it that 
all is right before the train moves on, while the 
going forward ought to mean the train of life push- 
ing and dashing onward to the point of destination 
with its precious freight. Thus standing still and go- 
ing forward have their meaning and purpose in life. 
Let us understand and practice their true relation to 
Christian life. 

Oaks, Pa. 

1 » ■ 



A certain noted evangelist of another persuasion 

had been preaching in the town of E , and with 

good success. The last night was to be turned into a 
religious ( ?) concert. The local press had given it a 
nice advance send-off, and large handbills of the dra- 
matic style were freely circulated over the town with 
such announcements as these : " Laugh and grow 
fat," " Be sure your buttons are sewed on tight," 
etc. The subject was : " Sights and secrets of city 
life," or something similar, and everybody present 
had a good time. 

The following day I met one of the leading members 
of said church and the following conversation ensued: 

" Well, uncle P , did you attend the lecture last 

night? " 

" No, indeed," he replied, " and would not hear it 

if repeated." 

" I suppose the boys -went, did they not? " 
" Not much," said he, filling with righteous indig- 
nation. " My boys know enough of meanness without 
hearing any more from a preacher." Thus we see 
how easily that minister spoiled all the good he had 
done in three weeks' hard preaching by sowing Satan's 
tares for one hour. 

Another minister is troubled over the prevailing sin 
of infidelity and prepares himself for a vigorous at- 
tack on Hume or Ingersoll, and lest he should do them 
or their doctrines an injustice much time, care and 
pains are taken to set up their cob-houses, much of 
which is new to the hearer and yet by no means un- 
reasonable. A few of these new seeds have taken root 
and that minister finds out when too late that he is 
better at building up for Satan than tearing down. 

But ministers are not the only unwitting sowers of 
-Satan's tares. A fruitful, well-prepared soil where 
' Satan invites every Christian worker to drop a few 
seeds from his experimental station are the various 
places of amusement where he and his imps hold high 
carnival. He has lost his .grip on the fair grounds and 
under canvas tents, and now he is taking the street 
corners and even the streets themselves where the 
church stars must stop and look on a minute as they 
press on to their business. 

In all those worldly gatherings church members 
make their mark(?). The conscience may be raked 
a little, but Satan gives them a badge that reads thus : 
" Here to see my friends." 

After a while by an operation in Satan's hospital 
the nerve in the heart is removed and the conscience 
is easy. Let us beware, for a greater day than this 
is coming. 

Bringhurst, Ind. 

> ' 


Most of our readers have wondered where the 
American Indians came from. Then they have puz- 
zled themselves about the mound builders, and still 
more about the intelligent races that built great cities 
in Mexico and Central America long before the time 
of Columbus. Many books have been written on 
these subjects, and still the learned world is search- 
ing for more light. Only recently has a man been 
found who could read the picture writings oh the 
ruins of Mexico, viz. Prof. Eduard Seler, of Berlin. 
He is regarded as the greatest living authority on 
American antiquities. The following article was dic- 
tated bv him for the Independent- Religiously it has 
no bearing, only as it relates to the origin of the 
very ancient people of America. Since man orig- 

inated on the eastern continent, we cannot understand 
how he could have appeared in America if he did 
not at some remote period come from Asia. Proba- 
bly the Professor did not mean to discuss the real 
origin of the ancient American races, but what he 
says will be read with interest and profit: 

It is known that when the Spaniards first came 
here they found in the Southern territory of the 
United States a mound-building people. In certain 
mounds there have been found various articles of Eu- 
ropean origin. From this discovery it is evident that 
at least part of the mounds date after the coming 
of both Spanish and English to America. Neverthe- 
less, it is also true that other mounds antedate the 
coming of the Europeans. 

An opinion first brought out by the late Charles 
Rau, of the Prehistorical Department of the National 
Museum in Washington, was that the mound build- 
ers were rwi identical people with the Indian tribes 
conquered by the Europeans. This opinion was 
shared by Cyrus Thomas, of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tute, who directed the field work of exploring the 
mounds in various States. 

My opinion is the same. In certain mounds of 
the Southern States only have there been found ar- 
ticles that, in conception and handicraft, appear su- 
perior to those that we know have been made by 
recent Indians. These articles are, for instance, disks 
cut from shells and from metal engraved with ge- 
ometric signs, representations of serpents and spiders, 
and illustrations of men holding in their hands fig- 
ures of slain enemies. Certain traits in these figures 
strongly remind one of ancient Central American art. 
Judging from these and more elaborate remains, it 
may be that before the arrival of the Europeans there 
lived in the Southern States tribes, now extinct, that 
had a higher form of culture than we know of. Per- 
haps there existed a connection between these tribes 
and the ancient people of Cuba and Haiti. The late 
Frank Cushing, when conducting the Pepper-Hearst 
expedition in the mangrove swamps of the coast of 
Florida, found wooden masks painted with different 
colors, and an assortment of other very curious relics. 
Evidences brought to light in these swamps reveal 
a comparative^ high state of culture for Indians. 
Furthermore, it seems that there existed in prehis- 
toric times some trade between the tribes of Cuba 
and Haiti and those of the peninsula of Yucatan, be- 
cause when Columbus first landed on these islands 
he was told of a land rich in gold and that the peo- 
ple of this land wore clothes. The land spoken ot 
must have been Yucatan, since the natives of Cuba 
and Haiti wore no clothes at all. 

The old languages of the ancient tribes of Cuba 
and Haiti have not been studied as they ought, for 
the main reason that there are few remains of these 
languages extant. There might be brought out a sim- 
ilarity of connection between the Maya language of 
Yucatan and the idioms of the ancient people of 
the Antilles and those of the northern coast of South 

America. . 

I do not share in the opinions advanced by French 
authors that the mound builders emigrated from the 
United States to Central America. I incline to the 
opinion that the Toltec, Aztec and Maya cultures orig- 
inated in the region where we find them in Mexico. 

Where the various prehistoric peoples originally 
came from no one knows. I do not think that they 
came from Asia in comparatively recent tunes. Man 
is very old in America. I think: perhaps he ante- 
dates the glacial period. The cultures of the pre- 
historic peoples bear no trace of being imported ei- 
ther from Asia or Europe. Neither the.r architecture 
nor science, such as it was. nor their customs, were 
brought here from other countries. Nor is there any 
proof that there existed any relations even between 
the ancient Peruvian and Maya cultures. The ar- 
chitecture of these ancient peoples bears no resem- 
blance to anything we know of in the Old World: In 
prehistoric Mexico many exact astronomical observa- 
tions were made. The period of Venus was known, 
and the length of the solar year, which was reckoned, 
as now at 365 days, and they had certain methods 

of intercalation, in order to make concordant this in- 
exact reckoning with the true length of the solar year. 
We must suppose, unless proofs of the contrary should 
be brought forth, that this scientific knowledge, as. 
indeed, the whole state of civilization of those peo- 
ples, was developed by themselves without any hint 
of information from Asia or Europe. The people 
in Mexico, Yucatan and in the other places where 
a high state of culture obtained were crowded; their 
very necessities made them keener of mind and more 
progressive than other tribes of Indians elsewhere 
whose agriculture was primitive and whose life was 

The great question now among archaeologists is" 
whether the Aztecs were the teachers of the Maya 
or the latter the teachers of the Aztecs. This question 
is not wholly settled, but it is beyond question that 
there are many points in which these cultures coincide. 
The Mexicans had a tradition of a primitive peo- 
ple called the Toltecs, whose king and god was Ket- 
zalcouatl (Snake of the Green Fathers), who was 
afterward revered as a wind god. The Toltecs, so 
goes the tradition, were the originators of all civ- 
ilization and culture, especially of all the industry, 
such as working in gold, precious stones and feathers : 
of religion and scientific knowledge, and particularly 
of the calendar. These people, the Toltecs. the tra- 
dition ran, were driven out of their homes and their 
god exiled with them by machinations of a sorcerer 
called Tezcatlipoca (the Smoking Mirror), who, too. 
was afterward venerated as a god and, in fact, was 
one of the principal deities of the Mexicans. The 
Toltecs, continues tile legend, emigrated in the di- 
rection of the rising sun to Natiuli lixco— that is to 
say. from the central highlands of Mexico to the 
Atlantic coast, where, it is said, their descendants are 
living now. 

This tradition was treated by the late Professor 
Brinton as wholly mythical. I do not share in this 
opinion. It seems to me that the different tradi- 
tions touching the Toltecs indicate the fact that they 
were a people of Mexican parentage that emigrated 
to the Maya region— Yucatan and Guatemala. 

It is a fact that at one lime Mexican kings ruled 
in Mayapan and Chichen-Itza— certain towns of Yu- 
catan. It is also a fact that to the present day there 
are great groups of Mexican people living in Guate- 
mala, San Salvador and Nicaragua, who, in those re- 
gions, are called Pipil (Princes or Sons). It is my 
opinion that the old Toltecs gradually went down the 
coast to Yucatan and the surrounding country, and 
that the 'greater part of their descendants were sub- 
merged in' the Maya population of that region. 

I am induced to lhat opinion from the fact that 
the particular traits of Maya culture cannot he ex- 
plained in any other way than by comparing them 
with the traits of Hie Mexicans at the time of the 
Spanish conquest. The Mexicans, for instance, had 
a calendar constructed upon the basis of twenty signs 
and thirteen numerals. The Maya had the same. 
Rut I think that neither the hieroglyphics nor the 
names of Maya day signs can be explained without 
going back to the ancient Mexican forms. In an- 
cient times there existed a great commercial road 
going from the highlands of Central Mexico to Ta- 
basco and Yucatan, and to the Rio Motagua in Gua- 
temala. Along this road it seems there had ( sprung 
up commercial centers where the Mexicans met the 
Mava traders, lade, an article more valuable in that 
day than diamonds to-day. was much trafficked m 
in these centers; though, by the way. no one has ever 
found where the ancient Mexicans obtained the.r jade. 
It is a great mvsterv. It is the opinion of geolo- 
gists that jade was found only in small pieces m 
river beds, and that these depositories were searched 
diligently by the ancient peoples, who made of the 
finding of jade a great art. 

\s I have said, the knowledge of erecting their 
superb edifices, of making astronomical calculations, 
of weaving clothes and fashioning metals and many_ 
other things-this knowledge, it is my opinion, was 
developed without contact with any people in Europe 
or Asia. 



January 1°, J 9°3 


There is a great difference in leaders, and one may 
fail where another succeeds, but we do not look upon 
our leader as simply one of us. If a granger comes 
among us and asks us to do things, especially if they 
are new and novel, do we not hasten to obey, even 
though it may inconvenience us to do so ? 

Suppose your own leader asks you to do sometlung 
do you do it? Have you ever heard him ask church 
members to come nearer to the front, so that he might 
better lead them, and you, a church member, kept your 
seat and stared at him as though he had no nght to 
make such unreasonable requests? Have you heard 
him request all to try to sing, and you with a book 
within easy reach, did not try, but sat frowning at h,m 
in a critical manner? Had it been a new man asking 
these things, would you not have promptly moved for- 
ward and have sung lustily? Why did you not do so 
for your own leader ? Simply because you felt he was 
only o,* of us. and you would not put yourself out to 

0t Here is where the trouble starts. Your leader may 
not be as good a singer as others, and maybe he can- 
not command as well as some, but have you done your 
duty by disobeying him ? If you have ever found fault 
with him would you not do well to put yourself nght? 
Do not most leaders hold their positions either by 
vote or by common consent, because of some qualifi- 
cation that makes them natural leaders? They are en- 
titled to full and hearty obedience. 

If you are sick and vour old family doctor is called 
in and gives minute and difficult orders, do you disobey 
him as vou do your chorister? Why don't you dis- 
obey him, for he is only one of us, and his d.rections 
are'all about temporal things, while your chorister has 
to direct you in spiritual things. 

When the judgment day comes and the books are 
opened, will you not have to answer to a list of items 
like these : "Did not come forward when asked to by 
chorister," " Did not pray for chorister," " Would not 
sing when he wanted me to," and so on ? You may see 
every act of disobedience you have committed against 


If he was a good and wise leader you ought to have 
followed him because he was right. If he was not a 
wise leader vou ought to have followed so as to make 
him a better one. No one mil receive a greater reward 
than the volunteer chorister, who has in spite of all of 
us, done his best and done it in the name of the Mas- 
ter. Obey him fully and pray that the Holy Spirit 
may guide him, and you will find your own soul filled 
with sympathy and love.— The Clarion. 

to deceive the traveler in order to fleece him. A 
group of hackmen will surround you to drive you 
to vour lodging and will demand far more than the 
legitimate fare; or a swarm of boys will grab your 
baggage and almost take it out of your hands, and 
can scarcely be driven away, but will most hkely fol- 
low you along the street. 

In the shops it is the usual custom so soon as they 
see you are a stranger to ask exorbitant prices and 
cheat you if possible. To be sure, there are honest 
men among them, but they are scarce among that 
class with whom travelers have to do. Ones only 
recourse is to inquire beforehand as to the proper 
prices, of some friend, and then make a bargain be- 
fore purchasing, and resolutely pay no more than 
the real price. 

In traveling from place to place one notices con- 
siderable variations in the appearance and character 
of the people of Italy. Especially is this .true of the 
north and the south, as for instance between Naples 
and Milan. The differences of climatic and natural 
conditions may have something to do with it, but 
in the main it is explained by historical conditions. 

In the first place there are various mixtures of races 
in the various parts, and then, too, these different 
states of Italy have been only in recent times united. 
Previously they lived apart as separate and inde- 
pendent states, and this gave rise to some vanat.ons 
in customs, appearance, etc. 

One is impressed everywhere with the wretched 
poverty of the people and the horrible filth in which 
they live. The cause of it is, partly, the very 
taxes imposed by the government; but the prime 
cause, no doubt, is the miserably poor management 
of the natural resources of the country, in contrast, 
for instance, with the thrift and enterprise one sees 
manifested on every hand in Switzerland or Ger- 
many. Almost all of the readers of these lines can 
find 'illustrations of these same principles of thrift 
or shiftlessness in their own neighborhood, and it s 
just the same story the world over. The poverty or 
prosperity of nations, like that of individuals, lies 
in the prudent or the prodigal management of a thou- 
sand little things, and so also in church. 

When the world recognizes that those who per- 
form its drudgery are really human beings and not 
mere machines, that they too have rights, hopes, feel- 
ings, souls, there will be some dawning sign of the 
millennium. Some church people might mend their 
ways along this line. 




Naples, Italy. 
The city of Naples is one of the more important 
Italian, and one may say, Mediterranean seaports. If 
I remember correctly, it has a population of 100,000. 
and is said to hie the most densely populated city of 
Europe. One does notice that it is solidly built, the 
streets somewhat narrow, and fairly swarms with hu- 
man life. 

Naturally enough we were more deeply struck with 
its oddfties to us the first day we visited within it. 
which was our first day on foreign soil, than on our 
second visit on our return from the Bible lands. This 
time it seemed closer to us and nearer like our ideas 
and modes of life than all the life of the Orient. 

One thing one is sure to notice is that the people 
seem of a smaller size than our own. Their com- 
plexions of course are much darker than that of an 
American or German. We had now been so long a 
lime among the dark-skinned Arabs that the Italians 
seemed about the natural color, and now and then 
a German with his pale face, blue eyes and yellow 
hair really seemed as if he must be sick or an in- 

The people of Naples perhaps come' next to the 
Arabs in their persistency in begging and their tricks 


17: 1-15. 

Lesson for January 18, 1903. 

a lamp unto my feet. — 

Golden Text.— Thy word 
Psa. 119: i°5- 

In time and place this lesson is closely connected 
with the one of last week. And as we think of the 
experiences of these two brethren at Philippi we are 
made to wonder why they are so determined in the 
work, under such' seemingly unfavorable conditions. 
The probability is that were we placed under such 
circumstances we would have shaken the dust from 
our shoes as a witness against them and struck for 
a better field. 

But these men were in earnest, not because it meant 
big pay, easy work and lasting honors. None of these 
things were held out as inducements. Indeed, in 
their case there was no show for any such emolu- 

They had good prospects for the ending of great 
sacrifice, persecution and imprisonment. But none 
of these things, in any way. affected their purposes 
or their zeal. They did it purely for the love of sav- 
ing souls and fulfilling the mission whereunto they 
were sent. 

They had but one purpose in their life work, and 
they followed after this with all their hearts. And 

their example of perseverance not only commends it- 
self to us, but is worthy of our following. Though 
our conditions in life may be different from what 
theirs were, yet our purposes in living and doing 
should be the same. Our end we hope shall be the 
same, and, if so, we must reach it in the same way. 
And that way is following the Christ, doing as he did. 
" Follow my footsteps." He came to open up the 
way from death to life. And for us to get there we 
must walk in it. 

As they departed from Philippi they passed through 
Apollonia and Amphipolis and Came to Thessalomca. 
Here, as in all places, where there was a considerable 
number of Jews, there was a synagogue. And Paul 
in his mission work had a custom, and a very good 
one too, of going, oii the Lord's Day, to such places 
to worship. As he entered cities he did not content 
himself by taking a good room in the hotel and spend- 
ing the time in reading the newspapers, or walking 
through the city to see the sights. He went to church. 
And if the people of the place did not belong to his 
denomination, he went all the same, because it was 
the best place he could find. But he did more than 
simply go as a worshiper, he also utilized all the ad- 
vantages afforded. He read the Scriptures, and rea- 
soned from them; that is, he explained them to the 
people. Not to please them, but to give their true 
meaning. This he 'knew would stir up a fuss on 
the part of some. But his interpretations were not 
to be measured by the standard, the beliefs or the 
notions of the people. 

These Jews, who had refused Christ and yet were 
looking for him, must be told that he had come, and 
this Paul could prove from their own Scriptures; 
■ Opening and alleging that the Christ must needs have 
suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that 
this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ." This 
was doing the teaching in a straightforward way. 
And in the assembly there were two classes of peo- 
ple that heard the teaching gladly and bel.eved,- 
"a great multitude of the Greeks, and not a few 
of the chief women." 

It may seem strange that these Greeks, probabh 
proselyte Gentiles, should be open to conviction rather 
than the regular Tews. It is probable that they were 
not born so fully of blood, not so self-righteous and, 
therefore, more ready to hear the truth as it was 
opened to them. They did not unite with the Jews • 
simply for the sake of fellowshiping with them, and 
having a place to go for worship, but they wanted 
to be God's children and enjoy the advantage of such 
relation. Paul showed thetn the better way. They 
believed and accepted. And so it is to-day. The 
Greeks (those who are not blinded by sectism and 
self-righteousness) are the most hopeful subjects to 
hear and receive the truth. Those who are not srek 
not only do not need a physician, but will not take 
medicine, no matter how good it may be. 

The other class, the chief women, deserve a little 
thought. They, no doubt, were the active women 
in the good works of the city,— women of good com- 
mon sense who had been acting out their comnct.ons of 
right We still have not a few of such women, who 
are noble enough to lay aside their prejudices and 
accept the right when offered. 

But here, too, the disturbing element was found. 
The Jews were dogmatic traditionists. They stirred 
up the rabble and it became necessary for Paul and 
Silas to leave, and they went over to Berea, where 
again they went to the synagogue. And here they 
found a still more noble class of people. They not 
only heard the teaching with all readiness of mind, 
but " searched the Scriptures daily whether these 
things were so." 

The truth never loses by being examined. And we 
can do no better in all of our teaching than to en- 
courage critical study of God's Word, the gospe of 
Testis Christ. It is the power of God unto salva- 
tion to those who believe it. And believing must 
be founded on reading, studying, searching. We are 
not called upon to study the doctrines of the church, 
but the doctrine of Jesus Christ. H. b. r>. 


January 10, 1903 

gospel :M::Ess:Ensra-:E:R. 




.ver take the world 


I have come from out the silence of the days that are to 

I have brought a holy message, line of Adam, unto thee; 
I have stood upon the summit of the highest hills of 

And have seen One great of 

his embrace. 

From the awful deep of darkness that has held the heav 

ing earth,. 
1 have seen her issue smiling, blooming in her 

birth; " 
Yea. the Lord hath had compassion on the stricken souls 
of men, 
" He hath planned a great redemption whereby they may 
live again. 
I have seen the Lord Jehovah summon forth his angel 

band — 
Seen the angels stand in silence while he gave the great 

" Haste ye earthward, shining children, where a people 
groaning lies, 
'Tell them that to-day in Judah shall a mighty Priest 
Then I heard the swoop of pinions, and I saw the morn- 
ing light 
Straight descend and rest upon them, and it followed them 

in flight; 
Then the eyes of men were 

men were glad, 
When they saw the King of glory in those tattered gar- 
ments clad. 
Magi! O, ye men familiar with the language of the stars. 
Who have won the courts of wisdom past her mighty 

gates and bars, 
I have come to bear you witness of the things that are 

to be; 
If you seek the great Redeemer of all. peoples, follow me. 
— James Larkin Pearson. 

ened, and the hearts of 



Rising suddenly in the meeting, she spoke as fol- 
lows : " Married to a drunkard ? Yes ; I was married 
to a drunkard. Look at me! I am talking to the 

We all turned and looked at her. She was a wan 
woman, with dark, sad eyes, and white hair placed 
smoothly over a brow that denoted intellect. 

" When I married a drunkard, I reached the acme 
of misery," she continued. " I was young, and O so 
happy ! I married the man I loved, who professed to 
lo^e me. He was a drunkard, and I knew it— knew it. 
but did not understand it. There is not a young girl 
in this building that does understand it, unless she 
had a drunkard in her family; then, perhaps, she 
knows how deeply the iron enters the soul of a wom- 
an when she loves and is allied to a drunkard — 
whether father, husband, brother, or son. Girls, be- 
lieve me, when I tell you that to marry a drunkard 
is the crown of all misery. I have gone through the 
deep waters and know. I have gained the fearful 
knowledge at the expense of happiness, sanity, al- 
most life itself. Do you wonder my hair is white? 
It turned white in a night, bleached by sorrow, as 
Marie Antoinette said of her hair. I am not forty 
years old, yet the snow of seventy rests on my head 
and upon my heart. Ah! I cannot begin to count 
the winters resting there," she said, with unutterable 
pathos in her voice. 

" My husband was a professional man. His call- 
ing took him from home frequently at night, and 
when he returned, he returned drunk. Gradually, he 
gave way to temptation in the day, until he was 
rarely sober. T had two lovely girls and one boy." 
Here her voice faltered, and we sat in deep silence 
listening to her story. " My husband had been drink- 
ing deeply : I had not seen him for two days ; he 
had kept away from his home. One. night I was 
seated by mv sick boy: the two little girls were sleep- 
ing in the next room, while beyond was an- 
other room." into which I heard mv husband 
go as he entered the house. The room communicated 
with the one in which my little girls were sleeping. 
I do not know why, but a feeling of terror took 'pos- 
session of me. and T felt that mv little girls were in 

danger. I arose and went to the room. The door 
was locked. I knocked on it frantically, but no an- 
swer came. I seemed to be endowed with superhu- 
man strength, and throwing myself with all my force 
against the door, it gave way and flew open. O, 
the sight! the terrible sight!" she wailed out in a 
voice that haunts me now; and she covered her face 
with her hands, and when she removed them, it was 
whiter and sadder than ever. 

" Delirium tremens ! you have never seen it, girls : 
God grant that you never may. My husband stood 
beside the bed, his eyes gleaming with insanity. 
' Take them away 1 ' he screamed. ' the horrible things ; 
they are crawling all over me! Take them away, I 
say!' and he flourished the knife in the air. Re- 
gardless of danger. I rushed to the bed, and my heart 
seemed suddenly to cease beating. There lay my chil- 
dren, covered with their life-blood, slain by their own 
father! For a moment I could not utter a sound. 
I was utterly dumb in the presence of my terrible 
sorrow. I scarcely heeded the maniac at my side — 
the man who had brought me all the woe. Then 1 
uttered a loud scream, and my wailing filled the air. 
The servants heard me and hastened to the room, 
and when my husband saw them he suddenly drew 
the knife across his own throat. I knew nothing 
more. I was borne senseless from the room that con- 
tained the bodies of my slaughtered children and the 
body of my husband. The next day my hair was 
white, and my fnind was so shattered that I knew 
no one." 

She ceased. Our eyes were riveted upon her wan 
face. Some of the women sobbed aloud, while there 
was scarcely a dry eye in that temperance meeting. 
We saw that she had not done speaking, and was 
only waiting to subdue her emotion to resume her 

" For two years," she continued. " I was a mental 
wreck. Then I recovered from the shock, and ab- 
sorbed myself in the care of my boy. But the sin of 
the father was visited upon the chMd, and six months 
ago my boy of eighteen was placed in a drunkard's 
grave; and as I, his loving mother, stood and saw 
the sod heaped upon him, I said, 'Thank God! I'd 
rather see him there than have him live a drunkard,' 
and I turned into my desolate home— a childless wom- 
an—one upon whom the hand of affliction had rested 

" Girls, it is you I wish to rescue from the fate 
that overtook me. Do not blast your lives as I have 
blasted mine; do not be drawn into the madness of 
marrving a drunkard. You love him! So much the 
worse for you ; for, married to him, the greater will 
be your misery because of your love. You will marry 
and then reform him, you say? Ah! a woman sad- 
ly overrates her strength when she undertakes to do 
this. You are no match for him, I say. What is 
your puny strength beside his gigantic force? He 
will crush you, too. It is to save you, girls, from 
the sorrows that have wrecked my happiness that I 
have unfolded my history to you. . I am a stranger 
in this great city. I am merely passing through it ; 
and I have a message to every girl— never marry a 
drunkard! " 

I can see her now as she stood there amid the 
hushed audience, her dark eyes glowing, and her frame 
quivering with emotion, as she uttered her impas- 
sioned appeal. Then she hurried out, and we never 
saw her again. Her words, " fitly spoken," were not 
without effect, however, and because of them then- 
is at least one girl who did not marry a drunkard.— 
Selected by Lizzie Hilary, of Hespeler. Out. 

tralia. He was an English emigrant of sturdy yeo- 
man stock, and while the free life of a shepherd had 
taught him tolerance and kindness he remained true 
in principle to the strict lesson of his early years. 

The nearest neighbor or station was ten miles away, 
but the ranchmen used to think nothing of riding 
twenty or forty miles to a centrally located farm 
on Saturday, to spend the night in carousal, and ride 
back on Sunday. When the men came together once 
a week in this way, drinking and gambling seemed 

At last it was my father's turn to entertain. He 
must invite the herder of the kraals and ranchers 
within a radius of nearly fifty miles. 

" Boys," he said to hi9 two sons, my brother and 
myself, " it's the parting of the ways. We either live 
as we have lived, simply in the fear of God, mind- 
ing our business, paying our debts if we can, saving 
our money if possible, and being cut by every man 
around here, or falling into the ways of our neigh- 
bors, and drinking and gambling ourselves into per- 

" I am not going to break your mother's heart, 
and I say, ' No,' even if they burn us down." So it 
came about that my brother and I divided the cir- 
cuit between us, and I rode to die north and he tr> 
the south. To every ranchman this message went : 
" Father invites you for Saturday and Sunday as 
usual. There will be no cards or liquor— only a quiet 
talk about old England and the welfare of the col- 

We waited that Saturday afternoon with trembling, 
nut expecting a single guest; but the whole section 
was represented. 

With mother opposite him, father said grace at 
the table, and we boys saw tears flow down rugged 
cheeks. That night the men talked long about bush- 
men, and rabbits, and fences, drought, and how to 
stand by each other. 

The next morning, as he did every Sunday morn 
ing, father conducted prayers, this time before fiftrj 
of the roughest men I had ■■ver seen assembled; and 
there was singing of hymns, broken here and there 
by sobs and by tears. 

When they parted, my lather, although a recent 
comer, was die acknowledged leader of the commu- 
nity. That section became the most prosperous in all 
the country round, and I thought if Christian courage 
could accomplish that, it was good enough to live 
and die by. 

My father's " No " was the one thing needed to 
save the community, and it saved it. 


All leachcrs have amusing answers given unin- 
tentionally by their pupils. One little girl whom I 
asked for the plural of " forget-me-not " said it was 
" forget-us-not." Another thought the plural of " a 
foot rule " is " a ten foot pole." A little nearer to 
the truth was (he boy who told me that the plural 
of quail is " a brace of partridges." 

Whistler, Ala. 


For Week Ending Jan. 34. 1903. 






\ writer in a late issue of the Zwns Watchman 
tells this interesting story about the courage of his 
father at«a time when most men would have, for 
the time yielded to the influence of his surroundings. 
The storv mav strengthen some of the Messenger 
readers whose environments are not helpful to the 

Christian life : . ■ 

My father was a rancher on a small scale in Aus- 

Estimate. Tried, precious, 
I Pet. 2: 6; Eph. 2: 19-22. 

David's words of praise, Ps. US. 
limony. Acts 4: "■ Christ s teach- 
B , Matt. 21: 42. A sanctuary to some, a stone ot 
stumbling to others. Isa. 8: 14. ,.,,., ■„, 

\ lack of faith. 

Peter's te: 

Why the Corner Stone Was Rejected. A la 
Rom. 9: 31. -' 2 Disobedience, 1 Pet 2: 7. 

d be all and in all. His 
34. 35;. 45- 

Results. Christ will in the 1 

fltftStotl. 2.: 42-44. God works out his pur- 
poses, though man may oppose. Luke 20. !,, is. 
T essons Build on the sure foundation. Matt 7: 24"?7; 
"ke heed how you build," t Cor. 3: >o-lS. Christ 

build, for you are building for eternity! 






Brethren Publishing House, 


The General and Tract Comm.ttee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, '"■■ 


January io, 1903 



,„. ,. ) I J H. Moorb, - - Office Edllor. 

D. L. Millbr, Illinois. I Editors. ' Q m»han, Assodale Editor. 

H. B Brumbaugh, Fa., ) I u 

T. F. Imlbr. Business Manager. 

AdMtert Cam~i»H: D*** 

f. Dftttr. Kdvarrt Fro*U. 

an, individual conneeled » ith "■ 

= ^ZZ^T^OO« a. Elgin, lll.7irSec.Bd-cl..s 

" The Brethren are arranging to build a new church 
at Oakton,' Va. 

The Juniata special Bible Term, Huntingdon, Pa., 
will open Jan. 26. 

Bro. Levi Feightnek, of Mansfield, Ohio, changes 
his address to Lafayette, Ind. 

\ Bible and .Ministerial Institute opens at Nap- 
panee, Ind., Feb. 2. and closes Feb . 16. 

Bko Fred Gulp is in a series of meetings in Car- 
rington, X. Dak. Ten persons applied for member-^ 

The Brethren at Cerrogordo, 111., closed their pro- 
tracted meeting on Christmas evening with seven ac- 

Nine persons were added to the church during the 
late series of meetings at the Burgess schoolhouse, 
near Maysville, W. Va. 

Articles on Christmas still come to our desk, but 
of course too late for publication. ' Such communica- 
tions should have been sent two weeks before Christ- 

Some of our correspondents are still reporting their 
Thanksgiving services. We suggest that hereafter 
they get such news to our desk much earlier. Tire 
better way is always to report news early and then 
there will be no late news to report. In the way of 
news the Messenger wants everything early and fresh. 

Oni of the neate!t~bo~oks in our entire list of pub- 
lications is the Brethren Hymn Book, gilt edge and 
bound in limp morocco. It is not only neat and sub- 
stantial, but it is convenient for carrying in the pocket. 
Ministers and others, who do not care for the notes, 
will find this just the book for their use. Price, 50 

Bro Stover writes us of his safe arrival in India. 
The party seems to have had a pleasant voyage. 
More than one month has now passed since they land- 
ed and it is to be presumed that they are all at work, 
and doubtless feel happy in their great undertaking. 
At the present time we have eleven missionaries in 
India, working at four s eparate po ints. 

A short time ago it was announced in these col- 
umns that Bro. S. J. Miller, of McPherson, Kans. had 
been appointed to fill the vacancy on the Sunday-school 
\dvisory Committee, caused by the death of Bro. L 
E Arnold - This was a mistake. He was appointed 
Sunday-school Secretary for Southwestern Kansas in 
place of Bro. C. E. Arnold. The vacancy on the Sun- 
day-school Advisor y Committee has not vet been filled. 

Bro Jos. Holder, of Hagerstown, Ind., thinks that 
the two articles in No. 50 of 1902, " The- Authority o 
the Church " and " Church Trials," deserve a second 
reading. Bro. C. H. Balsbaugh has a repeated 
■' Amen " for the article headed " Holiness " in the 
same issue. He says, " That is the thought that dom- 
inates me in all my writings. Holiness without love 
is impossible as sin without the choice of evil. 

Our patrons are verv grateful for the Almanac we 
are sending out this year. They like its appearance 
and appreciate its contents. Some write and thank 
us for the publication. 

A special Bible Term in the Maryland Collegiate 
Institute, Union Bridge, Md., commences Feb. 3 and 
closes Feb. 14. An excellent program has been ar- 
ranged. Write the institution for particulars. 

Now and then agents send a list of names for the 
Messenger and say. " Xheir addresses are the same as 
last year." It wiU save our clerks a great deal of 
trouble if the addresses are always given with the 


Let it be clearly understood that the Gish Fund 

Committee supplies ministers with such books only 

as are named in their published list from time to time. 

It is useless to write and ask about other books to 

he paid for out of this fund. 

Our agents are reporting large sales of Bro. Sto- 

.■er's book on India. One agent sold thirty books in 

less than two days, and another booked fifty orders 

•in less than a week. We want agents even-where. 

Write for terms and territory. 

During our visit to Southern Illinois last week we 
had just one hour "in Urbana, and made it a point to 
call on Bro. J. E. Miller and wife. The call was ex- 
ceedinglv brief, but we enjoyed it immensely. Bro. 
Miller is here filling a chair in the State University. 
There are others in the city on whom we would have 
been pleased to call, but time did not permit. It was 
in this city that your Office Editor lived when we were 
called to the ministry. 

Bro. S. L. Roues and wife, of Tony, Carbon Co.. 
Mont., are members of the Brethren church. So far 
as they know there are no members living closer 
than three hundred miles of them, and they have not 
heard preaching by the Brethren for sixteen years. 

Bro. W. W. Reynolds, one of our ministers at 
Rogers. Ark., closed his eyes in death December 28. 
The day before his departure he dictated a letter to 
us, saying that he expected to see his long home 
soon. He was seventy-two years old, and in the sec- 
ond degree of the ministry. 

At this office we occasionally receive communica- 
tions that signify much more than the written con- 
tents. Years ago a postal card was sent us from 
Germany. In the ocean steamer Elbe it went to the 
bottom of the sea off the coast of England, and with 
other mail matter was fished out and sent to its des- 
tination. It reached our desk containing the marks 
of its terrible adventure. A few days since a letter 
came from the West, badly damaged. It had been run 
over by the cars, and a part of it cut off by the 
wheels. It seems to have had some experience in a 
wreck. A glance at things of this kind makes one 
do some serious thinking. When a letter is damaged 
in a wreck it is usually at the sacrifice of human life. 
As we look at this badly damaged letter we wonder 
whose loved ones were injured in the wreck! 

A correspondent suggests that while dealing out 
the Bread of Life to the people it would be well to 
sometimes have a little honey on the bread. John the 
Baptist subsisted on locusts and wild honey. Moses 
told the children of Israel, when they were leaving 
Egypt, that the promised country, to which they were 
journeying, was a land flowing with milk and honey. 
David prized the commandments of the Lord above 
honey, and the honeycomb. So.' after all, there is a 
good' deal of honey mixed in with the Word of God, 
and. to spread some of it on the Bread of Life, now 
and then, will not be found amiss. A little more 
honey, and far less vinegar, when dealing out the good 
things from heaven, will be found in keeping with the 
demands of the Spirit. The illustration may be 
looked upon as rather commonplace, but the moral 
is worthv of consideration. 

We have arranged so that eacli minister In the Breth- 
ren church may have a copy of that excellent book 
entitled, " Eternal Verities," by Bro. D.. L. Miller. 
Ml those who have read the book pronounce it the 
best work that has yet been written by Bro. Miller, and 
this is saying a good deal. It is not necessary for any 
minister in the Brotherhood to be without this book 
It is free to all of them for the cost of postage and 
packing, 19 cents. If one of our agents has not yet 
taken your order, remit this amount and the book will 
be sent you by mail. 

We remained with the Brethren at Hudson long 
enough to preach for them last Sunday morning. 
Their meetinghouse is two miles out in the country. 
It afforded us pleasure to^be with them on this oc- 
casion. It v,as here that Bro. Thomas D. Lyon lived 
a number of years and did a noble work. He gathered 
about him a little band of earnest believers, and many- 
have teen their delightful seasons of worship together. 
Bro David J. Blickenstaff is now in charge of the 
work at this point, being the only minister in the con-, 
negation. While we were called to Hudson on a sad 
mission, still there was an element of pleasure in meet- 
ing a number of those whom we have known for years. 
In this congregation the Messenger has a good cir- 
culation, and is greatly appreciated. 


There is a decided feeling everywhere for more 
of the old-time religion. Most devout people are get- 
ting tired of the popular mixture of a little religion 
and much world. When a service is advertised in 
the papers the fine and artistic music and some en- 
tertaining features of the meeting are emphasized, 
while a bare mention is made of the sermon. When 
the house of God is entered the worshiper sees much 
to attract the eye and please the worldly fancy, but 
very little to remind him of God, or a life of spir- 
itual devotion. Then come the festivals, the games 
and other entertainments, mainly to please the world- 
ly minded, but no place can be found for the New 
Testament ordinances. 

A church is to be erected. A large sum of money 
must be raised, a small portion for utility, but the 
greater part to please the eye and suit the fancy. 
Everything that is undertaken is done on the high- 
sounding plane, more to gratify tlie rich and proud 
than to please the humble artd help the poor. Iffis 
is the religion of the day in America, and the grow- 
ing tendency is for a still higher worldly plane. Pas- 
tors to suit this worldly state of religion must be se- 
cured regardless of cost. Men must be had who can 
fill the pews of the costly and stylish church There 
is little said about what the man is to preach That 
is left to himself. He can take his text from Shakes- 
peare, Milton or the Bible. He may even question 
: two-thirds of the Bible, if he feels so disposed, pro- 
vided it can be done in a learned manner. But the 
main thing is to fill the pews. Much learning and 
little Bible is the unwritten motto, and money can 
bring the preachers to suit the conditions. 

To most devout people all this looks like mockery. 
Aside from mere outward form they can see no re- 
ligion in it. It lacks in spirit and real Christian 
warmth. There is nothing about it for the heart or 
the soul It is for the head, and no small amount 
of it is for the eye. The whole thing seems formal, 
stiff and cold. Men and women are converted by 
merely saying they accept Christ, and there It ends. 
They can then go on with their worldly pleasures as 

There is none of the old-time conversion, when 
men cried out "and said. "What must we do? or 
- What must I do to be saved? " There is no old- 
time preacher to tell them to " repent and be bap- 
tized in the name of the Lord Jesus for the 
remission of sins." The old-time singing with the 
spirit and with the understanding, is In the past. V\ e 
now have the finest music that money can procure 
with" other things to match. It is altogether proba- 
ble that if a few hundred devout worshipers, ot a 


January io, 1903 



hundred years ago, could be released from the abode 
of spirits long enough to attend a service in one of 
the fashionable churches of the day, they would drop 
their hands and look on in blank amazement. They 
would wonder whether it was a meeting or a mere 

We need not wonder that there if' a demand for 
more of the old-time religion. Devout people are 
yearning for it and it is well that they should. They 
long for the time when they can meet and sing the 
spiritual songs of Zion, pour out their hearts in fer- 
vent prayer, and listen to sermons that come from 
the heart and not solely from the head. These de- 
vout people both love and admire learning, but they 
also love the New Testament phase of religion, and 
when they .go to church they want their souls fed on 
the Bread of Life that cometh down from above, rather 
than upon the fine-spun theological theories. 

Our own people have been noted for their strict 
adherence to the apostolic form in religion. We need 
to encourage this order, only we might put more 
spirit into some of our services to most excellent ad- 
vantage. We can also add intelligence, force and ear- 
nestness as we go along, but let us not drift with the 
popular current. We ought to move to the front 
and supply this great demand for the old-time re- 
ligion, the religion that makes strong souls, pure lives 
and faithful men and women. 

she often filled the pulpit, and was sometimes called to 
other congregations to discourse to the people. In 
prayer she was most fluent and fervent, for when talk- 
ing to the Lord she was in her element. Her ideas 
of the spiritual life were high. She believed in the 
rites and ordinances of the New Testament as strong- 
Iv as any one. but to her mind there was a life still 
higher than that marked by mere outward form. 

When the Mount Morris College fell into the hands 
of the Brethren she was among the first teachers se- 
lected for the institution, and remained in charge of 
her work over two years. Sister Lear was most wide- 
ly known in Southern Illinois, where she had a host 
of friends, though only a few relatives. Her only, 
child. Sister L. Hortensc Lear, will continue to make 
Hudson her home. 

to know nothing but Christ and him crucified. The 
preachers who have plenty of money can take care 
of themselves, but as a body the church must soon- 
er or later come to the earnest and ample assistance 
of her devout, exemplary and efficient men who are 
in a position to surrender themselves wholly to the 
preaching of the Gospel. It is here that we are ex- 
ceedingly lame in our work, and we should lose no 
lime in remedying the defect. 





Last week we were called to Hudson, a short dis- 
tance to the north of Bloomington, 111., to aid in 
the funeral services of Sister Mattie A. Lear. She 
was widely known over the Brotherhood, and a notice 
of her life and death will be a matter of interest to 
thousands of our readers, many of whom have seen 
her, and not a few have heard her in the pulpit. She 
died on New Year's morning, after a lingering illness 
of nearly ten months. She was afflicted with an in- 
*c>wA cancer. 

Sister Lear was born in Hunterdon County, New 
Jersey. Aug. 17, 1838, and was left an orphan at the 
'age of fourteen. When nineteen years old she came 
to the vicinitv of Hudson, where she had a few rela- 
tives, and engaged in school-teaching. She is said 
10 have been among the first pupils to enter the State 
Normal at Bloomington. At the age of twenty-one 
she was married to Bro. John Lear, and four years 
later both of them united with the Brethren church, 
being baptized by Eld. James R. Gish in Woodford 
County, Illinois. At the age of twelve she had united 
with the Methodist church, and being an earnest wom- 
an, of deep convictions, it was quite a struggle for her 
to surrender former views and accept the Scriptures 
as understood bv the Brethren. But when she was 
fully convinced of the right she accepted the new faith 
and became a most earnest worker. 

In 1870 the brother and sister, with their only 
daughter. L. Hortense Lear, settled on a farm some 
distance to the northeast of Urbana, 111. At that time 
your Office Editor was a yoting minister living in the 
'same congregation. In 1892 Bro. Lear died, and four 
years later the' mother and her daughter returned to 
Hudson, where they have since made their home. The 
funeral was preached in the Baptist church in Hud- 
son, and the remains were taken to the Mayview 
cemetery, a few miles east of Urbana, and laid by the 
side of the husband, who was buried ten years ago. 
\ short service was also held in the church at May- 

\t the time of her death Sister Lear was sixty-four 
vears four months and fourteen days old. Among 
our people she was widely known as a writer, having 
commenced writing for the Gospel Visitor nearly thir- 
ty-five vears ago. As a Scripturist she had few 
equals, and possessed a most graceful and fluent way 
of giving expression to her views. Her wide range 
of general information, good education and rare gifts 
of language rendered her a most entertaining talker. 
She was called on for addresses before Sunday School 
and Ministerial Meetings, and was always listened^ to 
with marked attention. In her home congregation 

We happen to knuw of an elder of tine ability, as 
a preacher, writer and scholar, who in carrying for- 
ward the work of the ministry is laboring under pe- 
culiar disadvantages. He presides over a congrega- 
tion of about two hundred members, many of them 
being in excellent circumstances. The minister him- 
self has a small income, and manages to live by exer- 
cising great economy. He is a skilled mechanic, and 
can go into the shop any time and earn his two and 
three dollars a day. Money thus earned would serve 
his purpose most excellently, but he dare not under- 
take anything of the kind, for he is expected to keep 
himself in readiness for church work and funerals, 
and is called out so often for the latter purpose that 
he cannot undertake any kind of manual labor re- 
quiring close attention. It is only now and then that 
he receives a little something when he conducts a 
funeral service, and this generally from those who 
are not members. 

The members go on about their work, making mon- 
ey and laying up something for old age. This min- 
ister is also growing older, and in course of time 
will have to cease his active labors, and have noth- 
ing laid up for the declining years of life. His con- 
gregation is made up of fine members. They love 
their elder and do not know how they would get 
along without him. But as regards his temporal af- 
fairs they do not think. Their attention has not 
been called to the matter. Some of the farmers give 
him a load of hay or corn now and then for his horse, 
but there is no system or understanding about the 
assistance he is to receive. Sometimes he may have 
plenty, and at others his supply may be exceedingly 

A congregation that has a minister of this kind 
ought to take care of him. If he must keep himself 
in readiness for the church and her work at all times, 
he ought to receive something like a full support 
from the well-to-do flock that he serves. Probably 
the better way would be for the congregation to ask 
him to give himself entirely up to the work of the 
ministry, and they will look after his temporal needs. 
The deacons might talk the matter over, reach an 
understanding, and then present to the church a plan. 
The church might then appoint a committee to see 
that the plan agreed upon be carried out. 

There are probablv a score or more of congrega- 
tions in the Brotherhood where a matter of this kind 
should be taken under advisement. We have reached 
a oeriod in 'the history of the Brethren church when 
we" must do more for our ministers. We must do 
more than remember them at the throne of grace. 
We must expect more of them if we would have the 
cause of the church to prosper, and then we must 
stand bv them in their work. The more we help our 
earnest "and hard-working preachers, the more they 
can and should accomplish for Christ. We do no. 
mean to come to the support of the preachers who 
have an abundance of tins world's good, and are giv- 
ing their energies to making money^ We reer to 
the men who are efficient workers, and are willing o 
% their time, their talent and their energies 
L interest of the church. Just now the church is 
Ireatlv in need; of hundreds of preachers who wish 

TuiiRl! is a world of difference between those who. 
seemingly, are always basking in the warmth of sun- 
shine and those whose teeth are always chattering 
because they persist in living in the shade. 

Some men. and women too, are always bright and 
happy, living in the sunshine of trust and love, be- 
lieving that if they commit their ways unto the Lord 
all will be well, even if things do not turn out as 
they expect them. They accept the other thing as be- 
ing better than the expected, because it came; and 
therefore are happy. And why not be? Life is as 
a journey, and while good things may be enjoyed 
by the way, the hoped-for is not in the journey, but 
in I lie place to which we are going. Suppose there 
are some rough places, some vexations, trials and 
crosses to meet and endure. \s we go forward we 
get away from them and are glad because the jour- 
ne) is growing shorter and the city of rest and eter- 
nal joy nearer. And then, to be cheerful, hopeful and 
satisfied not only makes the journey easier, but short- 
en-, the time of travel and thus brings the end sooner. 
It is an inspiration to live and travel with such peo- 
ple. They keep tin- sun always shining, hide the 
rough places and turn all the chilliness into sweetness 
and. light, SO that we can truly say: "Thy ways are 
ways of pleasantness, and all thy paths are paths of 
peace." " Did not our hearts burn within us as we 
walked and talked ? " Yes, this is always so when we 
keep in the sunshine of God's love. 

Hut how is it with Brother Shade? Did you ever 
meet him, on the street, in his home or after church? 
y es , no doubt von have, because he makes himself 
„ ?ar d, lie sees only the unpleasant things in life. 
\nd the Lord knows there are enough of such to be 
seen down among the shadows. In always keeping t 
his eyes open to the faded flowers, the Canada thistle, 
the croaking frogs in the ponds by the roadside, he 
misses all the pretty spring flowers, the singing birds 
up in the boughs of the trees, and the bees on the 
white clover, as they sip their sweetness, not m the 
shady places, but where God's bright, warm sunshine 
glows and invites joy and gladness. He misses the 
sweetness of the sermon because his whole attention is 
I,m,I ...1 some brethren and sisters who are going to 
the dogs-who have not been measuring up to his 
standard in deportment, dress or work. 

While meditating on these things he fails to get the 
spiritual essence of the sermon, the singing and the 
' ers And he leaves the house of God hungry to 
meet some one to whom he can whine out the bitter- 
ness of his soul, only to give bitterness to others- 
,,„, lead them down with him in his walks among the 
shadows Of all the uncompanionable people in the 
world, the habitual complainer and fault-finder ,s the 
most undesirable. 

There are shadows and bitterness, and too much of 
,ucb stuff in the world. But not much of it w,l II be 

f d u P in the sunshine of God's love. And simhng 

fa heetful moods and kind words will drive much 

„f it away. Shade and sunshine are never found in 
th e same place. And. furthermore, fretting chafing 

I everlasting complaining will never correct wrong 

or convert ugliness into beauty and sweetness. It « 
not the way that the Chris, would do to save the world. 
Neither is 'it the way that he wants us to wort 

We believe that God still is. that the Christ of Gal 
lee is still the same loving Christ, and that we a e 
'ers. And he leaves the house of God hungry to 
of life, and that he still says : " Come and see. And 
seeing is believing, trusting and rejoicing. 




January 10, 1903 


When you come to Elgin you will, of course, want 
to see the Brethren Publishing House. There are 
different ways of getting here from Chicago. By 
taking the Northwestern train you can step off at 
the West Side depot, just to the rear of the House. 
Or you can go to the Union Depot, in Chicago, and 
take the C, M. and St. P. train for Elgin, and get 
off at the depot, two hundred feet east of the House. 
This depot stands on the west bank of Fox river. 
Looking to the west you will see in large letters the 
name, " Brethren Publishing House" on a three-story 
building, as shown in the cut appearing on this page. 

You enter at the east, and to the right you will 
find the Business Manager's room. Here behind a 
long counter you will observe Bro. T. F. Imler, our 
Business Manager, who took charge of the House 
six months ago. All the mail comes to his room, 
where it is opened and distributed. You will find 
him a busy man, energetic and systematic. He has 
a large force at his command, and keeps everything 
on the move. You want to go through the House. 
The Business Manager will either take you through, 
or send some one with you, to conduct you from 
one department to the other. But in this instance — 
something out of the usual— you are sent up to the 
Messenger Editorial Room on 
the third floor. The Office Ed- 
itor is generally .too busy to go 
with you over the entire building, 
but as he wishes to write up the 
House, he will take pleasure in 
going with you through the whole 

But before passing up the wide 
stairway, where we enter the 
building on the east, we open the 
door to the left and enter the large 
room set apart for the General 
Missionary and Tract Committee. 
Here all the meetings of the Com- 
mittee are held, and it is here that 
their large and growing business 
is transacted. In this room the 
Missionary Visitor is edited and 
mailed, Bro. Galen B. Royer, the 
Secretary and Treasurer of the 
Committee, having charge of the 
room and work. 

Passing up two flights of stairs 
we are now on the third floor, and 
in the Messenger Editorial room, 
in the northeast corner. The two far windows, as 
shown in the cut, admit light into this room. It is 
to this room that all matter intended for the columns 
of the Messenger comes, and is disposed of. Here 
the office library is kept, and it is here that your 
Office Editor spends the greater part of his time in 
the interest of the Messenger. 

Opening a door to the west we enter the room 
of our Associate Editor, Bro. Grant Mahan. He is 
kept busy from morning until night assisting on the 
Messenger, preparing book and other manuscript for 
the printers. In addition to what he writes for the 
Missionary page, he has for several weeks been ed- 
iting the first page, and is to continue this work. In 
the same room stands Bro. Trout's desk. Bro. Trout 
is our Sunday-school Editor, and resides at Lanark, 
where he does the most of his writing on the " Sun- 
day School Commentary " and other helps. Every 
few weeks he comes over and spends a day or two 
at his desk. During his absence his desk is occu- 
pied by a young sister, who edits the Juvenile Quar- 
terly, and does other work. In a room' directly be- 
low, but on the first floor, the Young Disciple and 
Children at Work are edited by another young sis- 

From Bro. Trout's desk we go west into the large 
composing room, presided over by Bro. L. A. Plate, 
who came into the office over twenty-six years ago. 
In this room the type for all of our publications 
and books is set, and a number of hands are required 

to do the work. In the northwest corner are two 
linotypes, where type is set by machinery. All the 
type for the Messenger is set on these machines. 
It is interesting to watch the work as it goes on, but 
the process is too complicated to be described in 
these columns. 

To the east of the composing room is the Ingle- 
nook room, where "Bro. Howard • Miller, the editor, 
may be seen day after day collecting, preparing and 
arranging matter for the Nook, as we call it for short. 
Going back to near the center of the composing room 
we enter the elevator and pass down to the first floor, 
where we find ourselves in the large press room. 
Here are three large cylinder presses, and when all 
of them are running at the same time, which is a 
common occurrence, it is a noisy place. To the west 
are two boiler rooms, each containing a boiler, one 
being a sixty horse power boiler, and the other forty- 
five horse power. There are also two engines. From 
these boiler rooms comes the power that runs all of 
the machinery of the House, as well as the steam 
that heats the entire building. Back of the boiler 
rooms is a large coal room, into which car loads of 
coal may be dumped directly from the Northwest- 
ern railroad track. 

Going back to the elevator we move up to the 
second floor, and to the west enter the large folding 

furnished on every floor. The house is also sup- 
plied with telephone service. 

To the north of the building, and backing up against 
the Northwestern railroad track, we have ground 
enough on which to erect four buildings still larger 
than the present one. All of this ground, this large 
building, and all*there is in it, belong to the Broth- 
erhood. Our business is growing, and we hope to 
see the growth continue until this large block is cov- 
ered with buildings, filled with people and machinery 
doing a consistent and thriving business for the in- 
terest of the Brotherhood. 

From the office we might take you up Highland 
Avenue, along the street-car line, to our neat and 
commodious church. We might then take you into 
the homes of over fifty members who reside within 
ten minutes' walk of the church. But we will close 
for the present. One of these times, when the weath- 
er is not so cold, we may take a walk with you about 
the city. 


and binding room. Here we have three folding ma- 
chines. Into one of these the printed Messenger is 
fed and comes out folded, pasted and trimmed. In 
addition to other machinery, great piles of books may 
be seen in this room, for here we store thousands 
of books and other matter, ready for shipping. Go- 
ing now to the east end of the building, measured 
off by the space to the right of the door shown in 
the picture, we have the mailing room. Bro. S. M. 
Eshelman, who has been with us nearly twenty-five 
years, -is foreman in this department. At this sea- 
son of the year this is a very busy room, for mail 
is sent out from it by the truck load. 

A door at the northeast corner admits us into the 
open hall, and thence into the bookkeeping depart- 
ment, which is in charge of Bro. Mark D. Early. Here 
are nearly a dozen clerks and stenographers kept 
busy all the day, and a part of them far into the 
night at this season of the year, entering accounts, 
answering business letters and making out book, pa- 
per and other orders. 

We have now gone through the entire building, 
but before dismissing you, let us explain a little fur- 
ther. In the center of the building is a large three- 
story fire-proof vault, constructed independent of the 
other parts of the building. There are entrances to 
this vault from each floor, and in the several depart- 
ments are stored our mailing galleys, cuts, account 
books and many other things of value. The entire 
building is lighted by electricity, and city water is 


Crane and Co., Topeka, Kans., send us a little 
twenty-five-cent booklet entitled, " Dr. Dowie Before 
the Court of Public Opinion." The writer has made 
Dowie's teaching a study, and following the Doctor's 
own rough and cutting style 
makes things look rather unprom- 
ising for the Doctor. He does 
not question the man's abilitv- his 
scholarship or his power over the 
ailments of humanity, but, taking 
up his own writings, makes him 
contradict himself one time aftei 
another. He most completely ex- 
poses his claims as the Messenger 
of the Covenant, or the Elijah 
that was to come. Anyone think- 
ing that Dowie is John the Bap- 
tist, or Elijah returned to earth, 
is certain to have his faith shaken 
by this little document. The au- 
thor's style, as well as his argu- 
ments, is at times painfully se- 
vere, but no more so than the 
Doctor's own way of meeting 
those who oppose him. It is to 
be regretted that Christian men, 
on both sides, resort to this cut- 
ting method. After reading Dr. 
Dowie's writings more or less for 
years, and now reading the work 
of H. H. Gilchrist, it is difficult to determine who 
is the more severe, but in the way of argument against 
Dowie being the subject of special prophecy, or the 
Elijah to come, or being in any manner specially in- 
spired, Mr. Gilchrist has the decided advantage. 
While the style is severe, the points made are at 
times real amusing. But this is Dowie's style also. 
It is fire against fire and, wit against wit. 


Writing concerning the excellent results following 
the six months' subscriptions to the Messenger on 
mission fields, a correspondent mentions an instance 
where the paper was the means of a whole family 
uniting with the church. Another paper led a wife,, 
her husband and her brother to apply for membership- 
A third paper, in the same field, was the cause of a 
young man accepting Christ, with indications that oth- 
ers are to follow. This is the way the reports are com- 
ing to our desk, and they are most encouraging. ' We 
do not know that we can count on an average of one 
convert to every six months' subscription, but the num- 
ber of converts shows that it is one of the best methods 
of leading people to Christ yet adopted by the mission 
boards. When the paper is followed up by careful 
personal efforts good results are certain to be re- 
ported. Let the District Boards continue this method 
of reaching the people. 


January 10, 1903 



General Missionary and Tract Department 

D. L. MlLLRR, 

L. W. Tbetbr, 

Illinois 1 H. C. Early. 


ndiana | A. B. Barnhart, • 


John Zuck, Iowa 

Address all business to 
General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, Ml. 

******************** *****.!.* + 

* , * 

* The next regular meeting of the General Mission- * 

* ary and Tract Committee will be held in Elgin. 111., * 

* March 10, 1903. Business intended for this meet- * 
+ ing should be in the files of the Committee not later * 

* than Feb. 24. * 

* * 


No truer test- has ever been given than the one by 
Jesus to his disciples, that we could judge things by 
what comes from them. We have learned by experi- 
ence not to expect grapes from thorns or figs from this- 
tles. As far as natural or physical things are concerned, 
we have the lesson well learned; but when we come to 
things intellectual or spiritual we sometimes seem to ex- 
pect what we know is impossible by the laws of na- 
ture. Yet the fruit will tell the kind of plant it comes 
from. No mistakes are made in this. 

This fact was impressed upon me recently when read- 
ing that in Japan the highest sect of the Buddhists has 
been guilty of the most crimes lately. We think this is 
natural, for we know that their religion is not of God. 
Perhaps we are ready to blame them for holding to 
such "a religion: but they do so because they have not 
yet had sufficient inducement to forsake it and accept 
any other. The tree is bad, and so the fruit must be 
bad, for an evil tree cannot bring forth good fruit. 
From Buddhism we expect very little spiritually, and we 
are not disappointed. Perhaps those who believe in it 
are as good as they can be, for men can hardly be 
expected to live up to their religion in all respects; and 
if the religion is bad to start with, the result is easy 
to foresee. 

But we have-a good religion, one which, if fully obeyed, 
will make us perfect men and women spiritually, fit sub- 
jects for the kingdom of heaven. Has it made us per- 
fect? Would we feel at home if translated as Enoch 
and Elijah were? What kind of fruit are we bearing? 
And in how far is it our fault that some men speak evil 
of the Bible? Men who profess to believe on the Lord 
-Jesus are closely watched by unbelievers, and in many 
instances their weaknesses are held up as a reason for 
infidelity. This is wrong, of course, but we profess to 
have the best and only true religion in the world, and 
it is natural and right for men to expect more of us. 
Our religion is judged by the fruit we produce. Seeing 
that these things are so, what manner of persons ought 
we to be in all holy conversation and godliness? 

When the subject of religion was broached some time 
ago to a man who has no faith in it, he cited various 
instances where men professing to obey the Lord had 
done things to which he would not stoop. As his clinch- 
ing argument he said, "I don't want to sit in church 
and have those men stand in the pulpit and tell me how 
T ought to live. Their religion ought to make them bet- 
ter." His judgment was natural. Christians are consid- 
ered the fruit of the Gospel, and if they are bad, men do 
not want their religion. And we must not blame the 
men for feeling that way. There is in man a desire 
for that which adds purity and spiritual strength, and if 
we are to lead men — our own countrymen who know 
something of Jesus but reject him. as well as the hea- 
then — to Christ, we must show them by what we do and 
say that we have been with him and learned of him; they 
must see us producing the fruits of the Spirit — "love, 
joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith." 
And if these be in us and abound, we shall be neither 
barren nor unfruitful for the Lord, for men will see 
i~>ur good works and glorify our Father in heaven. Then 
we shall be missionaries indeed. May we as individuals 
composing the church be fruit-bearers, so that those who 
see us may rightly judge the religion which is our life. 
<£ <$> <§> G - M - 


at a revival meeting held last winter there were three hun- 
dred and forty conversions. I do not know the number of 
members prior to the meeting, but no doubt it was consid- 
erable. But the pastor of that church feels much discour- 
aged. He says his average attendance now is only about 
forty, and one day when only twenty-eight were present, 
no more than eight of them were of his own members. No 
wonder he was discouraged! And he tells us that with 
our more faithful, though smaller, band, wc may feel en- 
couraged. I think so too, for I think that pastor's ex- 
perience is not unusual in the popular denominations. 

But some may wonder why, then, churches will labor 
as they do to build up in cities. It is because there are 
enough earnest men and women who realize that if church 
- work is not pushed in the cities it will be but a short time 
until the hotbeds of crime here, so hard to control even 
now, will corrupt our entire country. Every denomina- 
tion at work in the cities has an influence for good along 
that line. We also ate an aid in that great work, and when 
I think how little we have done and how much other 
churches have done I am provoked to labor harder in this 
field of service. And although we may not count so large 
in numbers, I think we may consider our work at this 
place comparatively successful. Tuose who have opened 
the doors of their church to the world do not seem to have 
really gained by it, and I do not see that we have lost 
by contending for a closer-walk with God. 

n . . . xt John E. Mohler. 

Des Moines, Iowa, Nov. 25. 


The Mission Board of Oklahoma and Indian Terri- 
tory met in regular session in the Guthrie church Dr.. 
26. We found the prospects for mission work to be 
promising. Decided to lend a helping hand to the Guth- 
rie church and Salt Plains church in paying for their 
new churchhouses. Some of the churches arc answer- 
ing the calls for more means to do mission work, which 
is a great help to us. Remember us in our infancy here 
in the new country, that the mission cause may prosper. 
A. J. Smith, Clerk of Mission Board. 

Perry, Okla. 

^ <S> <§> 


— The closing days of the year find us busy with mission 
accounts, and that all shall come out favorably is our 

— While the great American coal strike has not been 
affecting us materially on this side, we feel to rejoice that 
all has come to an end so peaceably and at such a need} 

— Here we go about our work as in summer at home, 
concerning ourselves little whether there is coal or no 
coal. But our hearts go out in sympathy to those who 
have been suffering from the cold because a few men 
would not allow the coal to be taken from the mines. 
These mornings are just cool enough to give us a little 
taste of a shiver. We are glad enough when the great 
sun sends down his rays to drive away the chill and the 
dampness. Eliza B. Miller. 

«• ♦ <8> 


—My experience relative to our church is this: When 
I am among the Brethren I love them more, seeing 
their simple piety, open-heartedness, fraternity and de- 
votion to the truth. And when I am far away from 
home and among other peoples and other ideas. I love 
our church more and more continually. In contrast with 
certain ritualistic customs, certain forms and ceremonies 
oft-repeated and lifeless and cold, the warmth and af- 
fection and spontaneous prayers and hearty greetings 
common throughout our Brotherhood appear to me more 
and more lovely. Unassuming simplicity springing from 
a pure heart is a pearl of great price. Childlike, yet not 
childish, fervent in spirit, yet second to none in busi- 
ness ability, regarding the wishes of the church above 
iITcir own personal preferences, willing to take and give 
counsel, esteeming the love nf the brethren above the 
flattery of the world, preferring a good name to much 
riches, rather choosing to bear an affront than to suffer 
another's feelings to be hurt.— there are very many such 
of God's dear children among the Brethren. What great 
riches is a tender conscience! What a priceless boon 
is an untarnished life! What an exalted incentive is 
moral inheritance! What a rock of defense is religious 
conviction! How precious are the memories of childhood 
in the midst of sanctified surroundings such as most of 
us have had from our earliest days. Before meals the 
verse of a hymn oft. grace always. Before going to bed, 
the voice of prayer always. Even the smell of wild pep- 
permint and the ripple of a flowing stream seem to call 
forth the subdued voice of prayer and the covenant prom- 
ises ,,f ;i happy soul about to be buried with Christ in 
baptism. After Sunday dinner the conversation in the 
Sitting room always inclining to religious topics, grew 
lo be the theology of a rising generation. May thesr 
common things which have proven such a blessing to us 
nol withhold their similar blessing from those who come 
after us. May those customs which produce hallowed as- 
sociations never cease among us to have a warm and 
welcome place, and lo twine about our children, pro- 
ducing holy aspirations in their little hearts. 

--Does a brother love the church more than other 
people love their churches? Let him live accordingly. 
Docs he love God more than these? Let him live ac- 
cordingly. Does he love the Savior more than these: 
Let him live accordingly. Unless a man be more than 
others, do more than others, sacrifice more than others. 
and obey more than others, what can he claim more than 
others? Pray that wc may not disappoint our Lord in 
any matter. Wilbur Stover. 

Bulsar, India, «> ® «■ 


Comparing our church growth with that of other church- 
es in cities, I see no reason to be discouraged. We may not 
double so rapidly in numbers, but in real solid work we 
are not behind. For instance, it was stated by a reliable 
member of one of the popular churches in this city that 

— The letters I. H. S., often seen in connection with 
a Catholic cross stand for In hoc signo, in his sign. 

— The letters T. N. R. I. above the cross on many pic- 
tures of the crucifixion stand for Jesu Nazarothos Rex 
Judabrum, Jesus of Nazareth the King of the Jews. 

— Over this sea also the early Christians likely went 
with the message of the Gospel. It is possible that 
Thomas went to India, and was martyred there. Any- 
how, the "Christians of St. Tho'mas " now number a half 
million in India. I am sorry that T could devote but 
one short chapter to them in "India; a* Problem," but 
I hope some day to be able to give our people a fuller 
account of these people, for great interest attaches to 

— One of the Irish Presbyterian missionaries is among 
' our number on board ship. Wc are accustomed to think 
of Ireland as being wholly given up to idolatry. But wc 
are informed that, among other Protestant bodies, there 
are 570 congregations of Presbyterians, with something 
more than 100.000 adult comjnunieanl members. These 
have a prosperous mission in India, a more prosperous 
one in China, another in the English colonies somewhere, 
and another in Spain, besides other work. One congre- 
gation in Belfast gives about forty thousand dollars a 
year for foreign work, besides keeping home work go- 
ing. Of their r.6oo orphans in India, the support of 
nearly all has been pledged by individuals. This, after 
all, is a pretty -good plan, as it furnishes assurance of 
-omcthing definite. 

— The other day Emmcrt. intending tn be companion- 
able, said to an English Catholic father: "Uncle, if one 
of your babies had two teeth like ours, they'd be twins 
•on teeth, wouldn't they?" But Emmert could never un- 
derstand why everyone laughed, and why the father 
blushed so. 

God made the world, and made it beautiful. He made 
it for himself. He made man and he wandered away 
from him. But still man is his. The lost sheep belong 
lo the sheepfold. and the right place for tho lost sheep 
is back in the fold from which they had escaped. All 
who know the shepherd and his sheep know this, and all 
who love him know that he will never he satisfied until he 
gets his sheep back. 

The world is God's, and he wants it in his ownership, 
and will never be satisfied while it refuses to acknowledge 
him or come to his care. Other religions than ours (if 
wc dare call them religions) acknowledge that God made 
Ihe race and that it has been lost. But none but ours 
represents Christ as engaged in a constant search for his 
lost children. " For the Spn of man is come to seek and 
to save that which was lost." Luke 19: to. This is the 
great mission. God sent his Son to seek and save the 
lost. He became a living example to us that we should 
walk in his footsteps and look after his interest, and seek 
after the lost world, and gather her into his fold, and 
the very WILL to go forth after the lost and needy is of 
the very character of God. 

Whoever is of God will be of this missionary heart. 
Whoever lacks the missionary heart lacks the character 
which alone is godlike. Each true son of the Father will 
be like the Father and like the Son in this, he will love 
ihe world and work for its redemption. 

The word missionary does not just mean to save the 
heathen, but to go and save all who are lost, whether in 
ihe home land or the heathen land. It means to go and 
work. Tt means to do your duty toward the lost. It 
means to live out a missionary spirit and utilize our 
strength in saving some dear mother's son and daughter. 
It means to be about our dear heavenly Father's business. 
Tt means for each Christian to live a missionary life by 
giving money and talent to save the prodigals and bring 
them back into God's love, and into union with the heav- 
enly company which surround the throne. 

Are we as God's chosen people doing our duty? Echo 
answers, in her sweet and loving voice. No. No. While 
we as ministers do not do our whole duty toward the 
lost, should we not waken up to a full sense of duty and 
work more earnestly in the world-field and gather sheaves 
into the garner of God? May our love for souls prompt 
each minister and worker to start out with new energy 
and a deeper burning desire for the salvation of the world 
the coming year than we had in the year 1902. And may 
we make the year 190,1 the greatest missionary year of 
the history of all past years. May God's prompting 
prompt each of us to breathe more of a missionary spir- 
it, and may our prayers and our sermons be filled more 
and more with the missionary sentiment, and may each of 
us live out our religion more each day and year. May 
God's choicest blessings rest on all the missionaries is 
our prayer. H - A - Stahl. 

Glade. Pa. 



January 10, 1903 


.. Write »b."( t».» .eo.t. .«J "°° " ™ "° lbe d "" c '"'- " 
Carlisle church met in X^dhrTon fli^venhfg 

MTS h^y%&ciate$ b, , the people of Carlisle. 
_H. I. Buechley, Carlisle, Ark., Dec. 27. 

A colle«ion of Sis was taken up (or the world-wide rms- 
Ln Dec 21 a series of meetings commenced, lasting 
ove" Christmas, Bro. Sh.mb.rge r conducting the meet- 

b"ld up the cause of Christ-Edith Trostle, Glendora, 

Ca i'os An-des church held their love feast Dec. 14, and 
the week fo lowing had a Bible meeting. We were very 
Jk,; bv Bro D. L. Miller's Bible Land views 

^ectures*^ enjoy Brother and Sister Miller's vis,, 
verv much. Last Sunday night Bro. S. R. Sharp gay 
us a very good sermon.-F. E. Light, Pasadena. Cal., 

Dec ' 24 ' COLORADO. 

Orand Valley.— As we look over the work of the past 
vcarwe have great reason to be very thankful to the 
river of all good Truly wc can say. Thus far the Lord 
£l been our helper. In the year past we have had many 
of our dear Brethren visit us from the different parts 
of °he East, while quite a number have moved into 
our midst during the year, and have proved a substantial 
akl m tie Master's cause. Those who have moved in 
for he most part are well pleased with their western 
homes while a few have felt to go to other fields of 
labor We have rapidly built up in numbers during the 
vear We now number over sixty members Not one of 
our number has been called away by death during the 
vear Our Shepherd has carefully guarded our flock.— 
D. lit. Click. Grand Junction, Colo., Dec. 29. 
Payette church met in council Dec. 17 We decided to 
have our new churchhouse dedicated Jan. 18, our love 
feast Jan 10, and a series of meetings following. We re- 
organ zed our Sunday school by electing Bro. G Long 
superintendent and Bro. D. Snowberger assistant and 
the writer church solicitor.-Lydia A. Marten, Payette, 
Idaho, Dec. 23. ILLINOIS . 

Cerrogordo.— Bro. Hodgden closed his work with us on 
Christmas night. Seven young people were brought into 
the fold. Christmas morning our Sunday school gave a 
program, and we enjoyed a giving Christmas which was 
a siccess Money, eatables and clothing were donated 
and many sad hearts cheered. On Saturday evening Bro 
Click addressed us. Sunday morning Bro. Ross, of Mt. 
Morris, gave us a good lesson and in the evening Bro. 
Shull addressed us.— Emma B. Wheeler, Cerrogordo, 111., 
Dec. 30. 

Notice.— Blanks for Sunday-school reports for 1902 
have been sent to all the congregations in the District. 
If any superintendent has failed to receive blanks for 
his school, he should let me know at once.— Grant Ma- 
han, Elgin, 111., Jan. 2. 

Bible Institute.— Northern Indiana Ministerial and Bi- 
ble Institute will be held at Nappanee, Ind.. Feb. 2 to 
Feb 15. Homiletics, A. I. Mow; Church Supervision, S. 
F. Sanger; Sunday School. A. I. Hess; Life of Christ 
and Bible Geography, E. L. Heestand; History of the 

Bible, and History of the Early Church, . No expenses 

except meals. Ample provision. The best educational 
methods will be pursued. Bishops, ministers and Sun- 
day-school workers are urged to unite in making this 
work a potent agent for good in Northern Indiana. Write 
for further particulars.— A. I. Mow, Brimfield, Ind., 
Dec. 29. 

Buck Creek church met in council Dec. 27, Eld. D. H. 
Replogle presiding. Sickness in the neighborhood and 
among the members kept a great many away, yet we 
had a very good meeting. Two letters were granted — 
Mrs. Phebe Teeter, Losantville. Ind., R. R. I, Dec. 29. 

Elkhart City church met in council Dec. 30, with Bro. 
J. V. Felthouse, one of our home ministers, in charge. 
Union and peace go together We re-elected Bro. Joseph 
Grosh superintendent and C. C. Kindy assistant. Dec. 
24 we held our Christmas exercises. The children spoke 
and sang of Christ's birth. It was a very good meeting. 
All the scholars from the Bible classes down were pre- 
sented with a good book.— S. C. Kindy, Elkhart, Ind., 
Dec. 30. 

Fourmile.— Dec. 6 Bro. L. W. Teeter came to our aid 
at our Cottage Grove house. He continued until Dec. 
21. preaching twenty-three soul-cheering sermons. The 
weather was inclement most of the time, therefore the 
congregations were small. His labors were much ap- 
preciated among us. — Samuel M. Sheets, R. F. D. No. I, 
Liberty, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Ft. Wayne. — We held our feast Dec. 13. This was the 
first ever held in the new churchhouse, dedicated July. 
1901, and the second ever held in this city. Because of 
heavy storm and death, many were prevented coming 
to us. We enjoyed a very spiritual repast. Our quar- 
terly council of Dec. 27 was not largely represented, but 
all deliberations were quite harmonious. The new Hym- 
nal was adopted for church services. A number have 
been sold in private families, even outside of the church. 
All enjoy the -Hymnal, and we bespeak for it a long life. 
Sunday school was re-organized by the church electing 
Bro. Wm. Eger superintendent, and Bro. A. M. Eby as- 
• sistant. All teachers are appointed by the two superin- 
tendents and ratified by the church official board. Wi- 
are glad for the kindness of our Mission Board sending 

the Gospel Messenger gratuitously for six -months to 

Ft Wayne.-Our love feast Dec. 13 was not so largely 
(.bout twenty-live surrounded the Lords table 111c 
meet ng was very spiritual. Dec. 27 we held our coun- 
cil merting with our elder, L. H. Eby, presiding. We 
5-0 gan zed our Sunday school for the next six months, 
with Bro. Wm. Eger elected for *"P«' ntend " t ; ^ B L°- 

Ski* morning 3 JMSKJ^."S 

East Pontiac St., Ft. Wayne, Ind., Dec. 28 

Muncie.-Christmas exercises were held at the church 
, r!,ri tmas eve The declamations were well chosen, 
2 d c a led the tn nds the children to the Christ -Child. 
The Sunday school enjoyed a treat. One hundred ad 
, „,,„ v five packages were handed out to gladden the 
hearts o f the lift! ones. On Christmas day we were 
favored with a sermon from Bro, Matlley Deeter. of M,l- 
Jord Ind -Mary E. Stttdebaker, Munce, Ind., Jam i 

Santa Fe church met in council Dec. t3. Decided to 

ville, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Union City.— Bro. David Hollinger. from Greenville 
Ohio rime To us Nov. 5 and gave us some soul-cheering 
Sermons Three young souls put on Christ in baptism. 
Bro Hollinger co y „ld not be with us all the time as he 
was afflicted bu. Bro. Crouch, from North Manchester, 
St camion some business, and he held three : meetmgs 
and Bro. Hellman, one of our home ministers, didthe 
^aching while Bro. Hollinger .was absent. Meeting 
closed Nov. 23— David Royer, Union City, Ind., K. No. 4. 

Jan - * IOWA. 

Des Moines Valley Sunday school on Sunday, Dec. 21, 
changed their usual exercises to a Christmas program, 
consisting of songs, recitations by the children, of Bi- 
Me versfs referring to the birth of our Savior, and 
talks to the children by Sister Sara Smith, Bro Geo 
Kinney and Bro. J. E. Mohler, of Des Moines. The lat- 
£r aUo talked to the young people. Some time previous 
we decided to put our birthday offerings, $7-04, w tn 
the Thanksgiving offering to be sent to home and world- 
wide missions.-Minnie Woodard, Route 2, Bondurant, 
Iowa, Dec. 27. 

Hedrick.-A happy new year to all the family May 
the richest blessing of God rest upon all, especially cmthe 
editor for giving us one of the best papers published 
I am an old reader of the Brethren paper, ever since , 
was started by brethren Qmnter and Kurtz, and it is 
still getting better right along. May God help you to 
make it still hetter.-John Fritz, Hedrtck, Iowa, Dec. 29. 
Kingsley church met in quarterly meeting Dec. 6. We 
held Thanksgiving services at both houses, after winch 
a collection was taken up. Services were also held at 
the east house Christmas day. Sister Alice Holden, from 
Waterloo, Iowa, has been holding a singing class among 
us and on Sundays we spend some time in song serv- 
ice after morning and before evening services.— Phoebe 
Foft, Pierson, Iowa, Dec. 27. 

Libertyville chuch met in council to-day. Solicitors for 
District and general missions were appointed. Nine let- 
ters were granted, among which were letters to our eld- 
er A Wolf and wife, and two deacons and their wives. 
We were very reluctant to grant these letters as it re- 
duces our active working force to a considerable extent. 
We would be glad to have a few good workers locate 
with us, especially a minister. Bro. CM -Brower was 
chosen as our elder for a time.-W. N. Glotfelty, Batavta, 
Iowa, Dec. 27. 

South Ottumwa.— Dec. 7 we began our series of meet- 
ings Bro Peter Brower, of South English, was with us 
over the first Sunday, then I continued the meetings un- 
til Dec 13, when Eld. C. M. Brower came and stayed 
until Dec. 29, preaching twenty sermons We aim to con- 
tinue the meetings over New Year's day. Considering 
the time of the year and the weather, we had good 
attendance. Sisters Ida Brower and Carne Shelley were 
with us during these meetings and led in the singing, 
which was a great inspiration to the meetings, lne 
members have been greatly built up and many have 
been made to feel the need of a Savior.— C. E. Wolf, 
223 South Moore St., South Ottumwa. Iowa, Dec. 29. 
Notice.— The Mission Board of Northeastern Kansas 
has secured Eld. C. H. Brown as traveling evangelist 
for the District for the coming year, and expect to 
keep him in the field all the time possible. Elders hav- 
ing in their charge mission points or places needing his 
help will send their call to the Secretary of Mission 
Board. The board also established a mission at Williams- 
burg and placed Eld. C. T. Heckman in charge of the 
work there Eld. I. L. Hoover will visit the churches 
during the winter as much, as he can in the interest of 
the work.— S. J. Heckman. Sec. of Board, Michigan Val- 
ley, Kans., Dec. 30 

Wade' Branch.— Dec. 13 Bro. C. J. Hooper, of 1 opeka, 
Kans came to us and held two -weeks' meetings, preach- 
ing eighteen sermons. On account of the inclemency 
of the weather the congregations were not large, but 
the interest was good. Dec. 27 a special council was- 
called One letter was received and Bro. J. E. Crist was 
ordained to the eldership.— Corda E. Myers, Paola, Kans., 
R. R. No. I, Dec. 29. 

Meadow Branch.— At our last quarterly council, held 
Dec 12 the request of the Northwest Baltimore mis- 
sion was granted, for them to make a general solicitation 
for funds to build as soon as possible their much-needed 
churchhouse. The home mission fund committee report 
the ground in a well-located part of the city, bought and 
paid for out of the donations they have received from 

the various parts of the Brotherhood Accordingly the 
deed has been made to the trustees of the 1 Genera Con- 
ference One query was sent to the District Meeting. 
Two letters of membership were granted. Bro. N C 
r„„h ill Ynrl T H Young were elected superintendent 
f„d y a slant of Se Mead!w Branch Sunday school It 
was decided" ,o hold our next love feast at this place 1 Ma - 
9 at 1-30 P M.— W. E. Roop, Westminster, Md.. Dec. 31. 
Union Brid g e.-The special Bible term at the Mary- 
land Collegiate Institute will be held Feb. 2 to 14. I'm 
,me has been changed from lbe first announcement. All 
nTerested take note of this. Owing to the crowded con- 
. d" ion of the school, the general public can be mvlted^o 
attend only on the special days— Feb. 7 and 14. » 
does not refer to those that come and take regular work. 
Bro CD. Bonsaek will conduct the evening meet.ngs.- 
S. P. Early, Union Bridge, Md., Jan. 2. 


Lakeview.-The brethren and sisters met at the : sclldd - 
house in Brethren, Mich., Dec. 27, for the putposc I - 
feet ng an organization for more efficient church work. 
Elder? J M. Lair and J. F. Rairigh were present and com 
duSed the service. Church M»/^^ U «^tsr 
complete corps of officers selected. Eld. A. W Havvbaker 
was chosen ,0 oversee the work hence we sha 1 » 
him as our bishop and elder. D. C. Crpc »« selected 
church and corresponding secretary, and J. L. B 'genstatt 
treasurer. Sisters Ella Keith and Grace Grossnickle were 
^urc?p^c^ f ^^d3^£n| 

S.' vS. ' Qua^eS win M V^ 
urdav of March, June, September and December Quite 
a number handed in their certificates of .-mbership _ and 
several had not yet secured their letters lbe total mem 
bership cannot yet be determined. Elders Latr and Rai- 

eH'whetT S^he^and^s are^c | L'Z 
we"" It his point. For further instruction, address the 
writer— Frank Bottorff, Bendon, Mich., Dec. 28. 

Riverside.— The brethren and sisters at Gait met in 
spedal council Dec. 30 for the purpose .1 W-f 
church at tins place, to be known as the *' v « 8 '2'<g£ 
negation. Elders present, IF. Rairigh of Llarksville. 
Mich and J. M. Lair, of Scollv.lle, Mich Bro Ra, 
Hell presided The church unanimously voted tor Eld. 
Lair to have the oversight. The other church officers 
were duly elected. We also elected, a missionary so- 
licitor. Sister Jane Miller will act ,n tins capac.ty.- 
Harvey Good, Gait, Mich., Dec. 30- ■ 

Saginaw.-Our love feast was held Nov. I We had a 
cood meeting. Elders S. M. Smith. D. Chambers and - 
Rro T W Chambers were with us. They gave us some 
good Melons Eld. Smith officiated We : expec Bro. 
I EdS °" HJT/o h W ' e a x, l e e n n d d an S i,Fv'it ion'ro'alrwS 

a e ,, m be'"v1,li a n n s.-J. "llSS Bannister, Mich. Dec. 29. 
Sugar Ridge.-Dec. 26 we left our home for Manistee 

Ken'aiS ffiffiS^jg** 

forty members located at this place Among ^thetr num_ 

^ tv^ 'chtTS SL"^^ £ mVorV 
We remained with them over Sunday. Monday we went 

two deacons. The writer was chosen as elder in charge 
The outlook' at this place looks encouraging. We expec 
to remain with the members at this place all week at 
least.— J. M. Lair, Scotwille, Mich,, R. F. D. No. 1. 

D "' 3 °' MISSOURI. 

Carthage.— Five have quite recently been added to our 
number by letter. Our Sunday school is .evergreen and 
holding its own; Sunday school each Sunday at la A. M. 
and preaching at .. A. M„ and also at 7:30 P. M.-D. 
E. Bowman, Carthage, Mo., Dec. 29. 

Falls City.— Christmas day we had services at the resi- 
dence of Bro. Ephraim Peck This is the tarn=of«i 
a-ed and esteemed brother, Ehas Peck, Jr. lne meeting 
was held at the above-named place for his sake. Because 
of blindness ai'd advanced age he is unable to attend serv- 
ices at the church. He will soon be 1 eighty-seven years 
old.— Jas. A. Stouder, Falls City, Nebr., R. F. D. No. -. 

D Hayspring S .-We are as glad 10 read of the good work 
through the Brotherhood that is going on as ever but we 
' would be much gladder if we could give you some church 
news of a church of the Brethren out here. But that s 
a thine of the past, as they have most all gone from this 
Part! 'Thank G P od the good old Gospel Messenger comes 
to us fifty-two times every year. It is what brings tne 
rood tidings We have good health out here. Pray tor 
us that Te g ,nay some day have a good church out here.- 
A J. Hunsaker, Haysprings, Nebr.. Dec. 29. 

Lincoln.— Our protracted meetings, by Bro. Harvey 
Bilberry, of Kearney, Nebr.. closed Dec. 28, on accoun, 
of cold weather. The congregations were : small. Tin 

. S^^S&tt^S 

Jan. 2. 

Notice.-To tjie churches in Nebraska: Please lake no 
lice that hereafter money sent to State Mission Treasury 
should be sent to Alvo Nebr., instead of Juniata as 
heretofore, as that will be my address after Jan. 5. A. 
J. Nickey, Treas., State Mission Board. 

Melvin Hill.-Christmas services were held at the Mill 
CtSctad. at n A, M. and at Melvin Hill at nigh. 
Dec. 27 the church met in council. The report ot tnc 


January 10, 1903 



solicitor of home mission funds showed that over fifty 
dollars had been collected for this purpose alone, in ad- 
dition to contributions that the church here has made 
to the general mission fund, a liberal support of a series 
of meetings during the year and the meeting of the run- 
ning expenses of the church. There is a zeal for mis- 
sions here beyond what many have supposed; but the 
opportunities being great and promising in immediately 
adjacent territory, the contributions to the general mis- 
sion fund have not been as heavy as they otherwise would 
have been. This part of the great South presents truly 
an inviting field, and the results of work already done 
here prove that much is to be expected from the proper 
amount of well-directed, continuous and faithful effort. — 
James M. Neff, Melvin Hill, N. C, Dec. 29. 


Carrington. — 1 am in the midst of a very interesting 
protracted meeting in the Wells County church, having 
received ten applicants for baptism to-morrow. A pri- 
vate love feast is appointed for Christmas night. — Fred 
Culp, Carrington, N. Dak., Dec. 23. 

Salem church Sunday school gave Christmas exercises 
Dec. 24, personally conducted by Sister Mary Miller, our 
superintendent. The little folks were taught pieces per- 
taining to the. birth of Christ, essays were read by them 
on the same subject and songs were sung. Sister Miller 
was ably assisted- by Sister Cassie Brooks, who led the 
singing. One enjoyable event of the occasion was the 
report of the children's " investments." This spring each 
scholar who wanted it was given ten cents to invest to 
the best of their judgment, the proceeds to be returned 
to the Sunday school to be applied to some good cause. 
Some made their dimes increase many fold, while some 
buried their talent. One little fellow said he put his 
dime in potatoes, but they didn't " come up." But the 
Lord will bless his good intentions. Something over 
twenty dollars was realized from this source. In addition 
to this a collection was taken up from the -audience, in 
all $27. The school voted $25 should go to the support 
and education of one India orphan for one year. Thanks- 
giving day we had services, after which a goodly sum was 
contributed by those present. — J. Will Shively, Newville, 
N. Dak., Dec. 28. 

Surrey. — On account of having some grippe I could 
not attend the Christmas meeting at the Surrey school- 
house. Bro. George Stryker addressed a full house. 
That service closed our meetings in the schoolhouse. Yes- 
terday was a very stormy day for the dedication of the 
Surrey church, yet the audience room, 40x56 feet, was at 
least three-fourths full of attentive listeners to the preach- 
ing by Bro. Stryker. Bro. F. H. Bradley commenced 
the series of meetings last night. — Henry Frantz, Surrey, 
N. Dak., Dec. 29. 


Black River. — Bro. A. I. Heestand began New Year's 
eve a series of sermons for the Black River congregation. 
Our Thanksgiving exercises consisted of topics previously 
assigned to different speakers. The Thanksgiving collec- 
tion was ?6.35. We had Christmas exercises Dec. 28. — 
Mary R. Hoover, Munson, Ohio, Jan. 2. , 

Donnel's Creek.— Our council was held Dec. 27, with 
our elder, D. Leatherman, presiding. Two were received 
by letter. Bro. J. A. Glide, of Uniontown, Pa., gave us 
six interesting sermons, including a Christmas sermon. 
We are arranging for a series of meetings, to begin at 
the country house Jan. 3, to be conducted by D. .S. Fil- 
Nimishillen church, Ohio. — Reuben Shroyer, Canton, 
Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Lick Creek. — I began meetings Dec. 8. The weather 
the first week was very disagreeable, and meetings small; 
following week more favorable, and the attendance and 
interest increased. Two precious souls were willing to 
follow Christ. Our meetings were brought to an early 
close, I being called home on account of sickness and 
smallpox scare in neighborhood where meetings were 
conducted. Next we will be with the Brethren of West 
Nimishillen church, Ohio.— Reuben Shroyer, Canton, 
Ohio, Dec. 29. 

Lick Creek. — Dec. 14 Bro. Reuben Shroyer, of Canton, 
Ohio, commenced a series of meetings here- and continued 
until Dec. 26, when he was called home on account of 
sickness. The weather was inclement most of the time, 
so the congregations were small. Two precious souls 
were made willing to come out on the Lord's side. We 
had services on Christmas. The forenoon was occupied 
by the ministers, and in the afternoon the Sunday-school 
scholars had essays, recitations and songs. — Effie Kintner, 
Ney, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Logan. — We have been favored with some excellent 
sermons recently from visiting brethren who have been 
with us. Dec. 20 and 21 Bro. Quincy Leckrone, of Glen- 
ford, Ohio, preached for us three very practical sermons. 
Owing to absence from home we were not permitted to 
enjoy these sermons. On Christmas night Bro. Edward 
Kintner, of Lima, Ohio, gave us a good Christmas ser- 
mon. Dec. 28 our elder, Bro. Abednego Miller, preached. 
— John R. Snyder, 803 N. Main St., Bellefontaine, Ohio, 
Dec. 29. 

Palestine. — Eld. David Hollingcr began a series of 
meetings Dec. 21 at our West Branch house, preaching 
eighteen sermons, which were much appreciated. The 
weather was very inclement, yet the interest was good. 
Two came out on the Lord's side and were baptized. — 
Daniel Bausman, Baker, Ohio, Dec. 29. 


Big Creek church met in council Dec. 18. The church 
decided to hold a series of meetings in the near future; 
also had Christmas meeting, Bro. A. L. Gorham gave 
us a good talk. We had children's speaking. — Almira 
Burnett, Cushing, Okla., Dec. 27. 

Mount Hope.— We held our council Dec. 27. Bro. A. 
C. Root and wife, from Ames, Okla,, moved here to labor 
for us, Bro. Root being a minister. We had no minister. 
We decided to begin a series of meetings Jan. 3, Bro. J. 
F. Neher and Bro. Root to do the preaching, to be fol- 
lowed by Bro. A. J. Smith, of Perry. Okla., if we can get 
him. — E. L. Brubaker, Acton, Okla., Dec. 31. 

Newberg.— Dec. 21 wife and I held meetings at the 
home of Bro. E. Boggs, 890 Cleveland Ave. Eleven mem- 

bers were present, there now being twelve members liv- 
ing in Portland. Bro. J. A. Royer, of Damascus, and 
Bro. A. H. Partch, of Stone, and the writer, from New- 
berg, now have arrangements made so that regular serv- 
ices are held each month for the members in Portland. 
Anyone desiring to locate in Portland or in the Willam- 
ette Valley will, on writing to the writer, receive all the 
information we are able to give. We have lived in 
various localities in Oregon and Washington with many 
journeys in the Master's cause. It is now almost twen- 
ty-two years since we came to the Pacific coast. — Geo. 
C. Carl, Newberg, Oregon, Dec. 27. 

Rogue River.— We have located in Talent (a station on 
the Southern Pacific railroad), in Jackson County. Ore- 
gon. Our Brethren have two churchhouscs in Rogue 
River congregation, one within half a mile of Talent, the 
other in Ashland. We heartily invite other members 
who wish to come to Oregon to look at this nice prairie 
land around Talent. We have an evergreen Sunday 
school and preaching twice a month in our churchhouse 
near Talent. Also an evergreen Sunday school and 
preaching in Ashland, five miles south of Talent. Geo. 
Hoxie and J. P. Moomaw are our elders, assisted by three 
brethren in the second degree of the ministry. — Nancy 
Bahr, Talent, Oregon," Dec. 25. 

Conestoga church met in council Dec. 26. Eld. I. W. 
Taylor presided. Officers for the Sunday school for the 
coining spring were elected; Bro. S. R. Wenger was re- 
elected and Bro. Oliver Myer assistant. One was received 
by baptism since my last report. — Sallie Pi'aulz. Farmcrs- 
ville, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Elk Lick church met in council Dec. 27. All business 
passed off pleasantly. The church unanimously favored 
Eld. W. A. Gaunt for another year. Jan. 4 we will re- 
organize our Sunday school for the year 1903. — Alice C. 
Beachy, Elklick, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Johnstown congregation met in quarterly council Dec. 
18 to elect officers for the coming year. They are as 
follows: Clerk, James W. Fyock, treasurer, Jacob Mineely, 
corresponding secretary, L. R. BralHer; Sister Sue Wcrtz 
treasurer of the missionary money. We also elected four 
brethren as a missionary board to do home mission work. 
The following were elected, the two first named for 
two years and the last one year: E. H. Detwiler. J. 
W. Fyock, V. E. Mineely and J. B. Noffsinger.— L. R. 
BralHer, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Meyersdale. — The members met in council to-day to 
hear reports from the different treasurers and settle up 
accounts of last year's expenses in the church. In their 
report we learned that there was $120 sent out to various 
missions, not including Pittsburg. The Pittsburg mission 
received $115. and $7 was donated for Messengers for the 
poor. In all, $242. This does not include the Sisters' 
mission work. Their report this ye'ar is a good showing, 
considering the number at work. It shows zeal and 
pluck. The fund for the poor members is also in a pros- 
perous condition. The expenses were all settled and paid. 
The total amount collected for all purposes amounted to 
$950. The reports were all satisfactory, and the members 
seemed pleased with the work of last year and started 
with this year by appointing four solicitors to solicit 
money for the building of the Pittsburg meetinghouse. 
They will report at our next District Meeting, which con- 
venes this year at this place. The additions to the church 
by baptism and letter were twenty. Seven of our mem- 
bers passed over. Our Thanksgiving services were very 
satisfactory. I preached a missionary sermon. The col- 
lection amounted to $6S.74. The meeting was a pleasant 
oneT The writer was continued as corresponding secre- 
tary. — C. G. Lint, Meyersdale, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Quemahoning. — Era. J. J. Shaffer held a ten davs' meet- 
ing at Fire Hill, beginning Nov. 1. The attendance and 
interest were good. Nov. 30 Eld. Jasper Barnthousc be- 
gan a three weeks' meeting in Hooversville. This meet- 
ing was also well attended. This makes six series of 
meetings held in our congregation the past year. While 
we did not have as many accessions as we should have 
liked to see, much good seed was sown. Our council was 
held in Hooversville Dec. 13. Though the weather was 
very inclement, the attendance was good. It was the 
first council for a number of our young members of that 
place. A call for a meetinghouse in Hooversville, suit- 
able for holding love feasts, was considered, the request 
granted, and a committee appointed. The propriety of 
opening a mission in Boswell was considered and a com- 
mittee instructed to* look into the feasibility of the project. 
As the year draws to a close it is natural for us to look 
back over the year's work. Seven were baptized, one was 
reclaimed and six were received by letter. Five of our 
number, including two of our faithful deacons, passed to 
the great beyond. Letters were granted to three, and we 
are sorry to say a few proved unfaithful. Two public love 
feasts were held and several private ones; also a local 
Sunday-school meeting. Thanksgiving and Christmas 
services were also held. 'Missionary sermons were deliv- 
ered and collections taken at six of our regular meeting 
places and in this way nearly one hundred dollars was 
raised. Of this $48 goes to our home mission board and 
the balance was equally divided between the Pittsburg 
meetinghouse fund and world-wide missions. — J. E. 
Blough, Stantons Mills, Pa., Dec. 28. 

Ridge. — Bro. G. G. Lehmer, of Mechanicsburg opened a 
meeting at the Fogelsanger meetinghouse Dec. 13 and 
closed last night. Notwithstanding the cold weather, 
dark nights and bad roads, the services were well attend- 
ed and closed with a large and interested audience. Sev- 
en made application for membership, four heads of fam- 
ilies. As usual the meeting closed just when the interest 
was greatest, and could the services have continued we 
feel much more good could have been accomplished. 
Bro. Lehmer and myself were two of a group of five who 
met in a room in Juniata College at Huntingdon during 
'the summer of 1883 and organized the young people's 
meeting which has been conducted ever since on Sunday* 
evening. Ail over this land and in India are those who 
have shared in the benefits of that evening service- 
Wealthy A. Burkholder, Newberg, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Rockton. — Our meetings close here to-night. Bro. Sell 
could not come as intended. We then secured the serv- 
ices of Bro. E. F. Clark, from Meyersdale, who with his 

family came to visit friends a few miles from here, and 
belonging to Rockton congregation at one time. Here 
he was put in the ministry and now this is his first pro- 
tracted effort. He has given us many good thoughts 
— Libbie Hollopeter, Rockton, Pa.. Dec. 28. 

Woodbury.— Dec. 6 Bro. J. J. Shaffer, of Berlin, Pa., 
began a series of meetings at the Snyder meetinghouse 
continuing until Dec. 16. Six precious souls were re- 
ceived into the church by baptism, four of these being 
heads of families. The members have been greatly en- 
couraged.— Lizzie Bechtel, Roaring Spring, Pa., Dec. 30. 

Whitehom.— Bro. A. M. Laughrun, of Unicoi County. 
Tennessee, came to our place and commenced a singing 
school Dec. 16 and continued till Dec. 26. He gave per- 
fect satisfaction. In the time he preached five soul- 
cheermg sermons and revived the members. He went 
to Midway and preached three sermons, then came to 
Cedar Grove Sunday night, preached to an attentive 
crowd, then Monday morning started for home.— Jacob 
Shepherd, Whitehom, Tenn., Dec. 30. 


Saginaw.— Our Sunday School", Ministerial and District 
Meetings, with the love feast, arc now ended. We en- 
joyed a feast of good things. The members feel much 
encouraged. A young man came to us to learn more 
perfectly the way of truth. Being convinced, he was bap- 
tized into the church. He returned to his home, 125 
miles eastward, rejoicing.— M. C. Wrightsman, Saginaw, 
Texas, Dec. 29. 


Bethlehem.— Bro. Geo. Bowman and Bro. M. A. Flora 
began a meeting at the Boone's chapel house Dec. i, 
but owing to bad weather they closed after holding three 
meetings. Dec. 7 Eld. Henry Ikenberry began preaching 
at the Blackwatcr chapel house and continued until Dec. 
14. preaching ten sermons. The cold weather affected 
the attendance at a few of the meetings. Two were re- 
stored that had wandered away. Eld. C. T. Heckman, 
of Kansas, recently gave us three meetings while visiting 
relatives and friends. His visit was much appreciated. 
Eld. Daniel Peters preached for us , on Christmas day. 
Bro. S. M. Ikenberry, of the Antioch congregation. 
preached for us to-day.— L. A. Bowman, Junta, Va., 
Dec. 28. 

Greenmount— We met in annual church council and 
Eld. J. A. Garber presided. Love and union prevailed. 
Bro. P. S. Thomas, of Harrisonburg, was with us with 
plans and estimates in regard to building a church at 
that place, which is a mission point. Brethren D. R. 
Miller and J. R. Wamplcr were elected superintendents 
of our Sunday school for twelve months. Brethren S. 
L. and S. M. Bowman are our delegates to District 
Meeting, which will be held at Mill Creek. The report 
of the building committee for Pine Grove church was 
sublnitted, and accepted by the church. Committee was 
honorably discharged. A free-will offering was then tak- 
en in which $23.55 was given to liquidate a balance due 
en the church of $27.77, leaving only $4.22 unpaid on 
Our new church. Two new members were elected on the 
home mission board, viz, brethren S. M. Bowman and 
J. H. Shirkey. — L. Katie Ritchie, Greenmount, Va., Dec. 

Greenmount— Our annual council was held in Green- 
mount Dec. 27. Among the business disposed of was the 
election of Sunday-school superintendents. D. R. Miller 
and Jacob Wamplcr were elected. Delegates to District 
Meeting, brethren S. L. and S. M. Bowman. Report of 
our local mission board was made, and in it a suggestion 
toward building a church house in Harrisonburg; a fa- 
vorable decision was made, giving the board the privilege 
of appointing solicitors to solicit funds for same. W. 
F. Ritchie and wife were appointed corresponding secre- 
tary for Gospel Messenger, the writer wishing to be re- 
lieved. — Jacob A. Garber. Greenmount, Va., Dec. 29. 

Mt. Vernon.— Bro. S. I. Flory began a revival meeting 
at Concord Chapel Nov. 14, and continued two weeks. 
Two were baptized. We hope much more good may re- 
sult. — Florence Flory, Lipscomb, Va., Jan. 1, 

Elk Run. — For the year ending lo-day twenty-six have 
been added to the church by baptism; two have been re- 
stored; eight were granted their letters of membership, 
and one was received by letter. Two have been removed 
by death. This congregation now has for the year end- 
ing one hundred and sixty-six members. — D. H. Smith, 
Hilo. Va., Dec. 31. 

Oakton. — Christmas day Bro. W. H. Sanger preached 
for us. After preaching council was held. The neces- 
sary preliminary steps for building a churchhouse were 
laken. Locating and building committees and solicitors 
were appointed. — Lizzie A. Flnhr, Vienna, Va., Dec. 28. 

Roanoke City church met in council Dec. 20. Eight 
members were received by letter. The following officers 
were re-elected for the ensuing year: Elder Hershberger, 
treasurer; Leland C. Moomaw, secretary; Charlie E. 
Trout, Messenger agent, and the writer corresponding 
secretary. — Rebecca C. Skeggs, Roanoke, Va., Dec. 28. 

Willow Creek. — For the past two weeks Bro. O. J. 
Beaver, of Nora Springs, Iowa, has been with us. We 
expect to continue the meetings yet for some time, aft- 
er which we expect to have a three weeks' Bible normal. 
— Eva Heagley. Frederick, S. Dak., Dec. 29. 

Centralia. — Christmas day was observed in the church 
with many of its members and members of the Sunday 
school. The theme was to teach the children what 
Christmas meant to the world to-day. The Sunday school 
rendered a suitable program of songs and recitations. 
After the lunch hour electing of officers and teachers for 
the ensuing year was in order. We have an evergreen 
Sunday school, the interest being excellent. — Jennie Ste- 
phens, Centralia, Wash., Dec. 25. 


Maysville. — Bro. Obed Hamstead closed a series of 
meetings at Burgess schoolhouse Dec. 26. having preached 
fifteen sermons. Nine were added to the fold. The meet- 
ings were well attended even during dark nights and bad 
weather.— Dcmus Clark, Maysville, W. Va., Jan. 1. 




January 10, 1903 


rii? what thou scesi, and send it unto the churches, " 

Our annual District Sunday School Meeting, held in 
the East Los Angeles church, Dec. 18, was indeed a 
feast to the soul. Several topics of interest were dis- 

We decided that the Sunday schools of our District 
(California and Arizona) would support a missionary in 
■ foreign fields; said field to be selected by the General 
Mission Board. 

In the evening our dear Bro. D. L. Miller gave us his 
excellent lecture on India, which caused us all to real- 
ize how little we have been doing for the salvation of 
our brethren across the sea. 

Our pursestrings were loosened, and a collection 
amounting to $62.81 was raised for the work in that field. 
W. M. Piatt. Dist. S. S. Sec. 

Inglewood, Cal., Dec. 21. 


These meetings were held in the Saginaw church, Tar- 
rant County, Texas, Dec. 24 and 25. 

The officers of the Sunday-school meeting were J. 
A. Miller Moderator, H. D. Wine Reading Clerk. A. J. 
Wine Writing Clerk. 

On methods for making the Sunday school a greater 
power for good there were many good thoughts. Teach- 
er and pupil both ought to study the lessons well; teach- 
er to study the child's nature so as to instruct them better. 
Be sympathetic and friendly at all times and places, and 
show a deep interest in the work. Several topics fol- 
lowed and were discussed with interest. 

There were several essays which were good; also rec- 
itations by the children where the meeting was held. 

The Ministerial Meeting was held Dec. 25. K. G. Ten- 
nison Moderator. R. M. Harris Reading Clerk, A. J. Wine 
Writing Clerk. 

" Faults of Ministers " was the first topic, and it was 
manifest that the first speaker had made many observa- 
tions. Making apologies, pacing around in the stand and 
crossing the legs, telling too many stories, using unbe- 
coming words, piling up books, criticising too sharply. 
being too sensitive, riding hobbies, eulogizing the dead 
too much in some cases, depending too much on pencil 
notes, etc., were some of the faults mentioned. Other 
subjects were taken up and considered. 

Some good essays were' read, and altogether we had, 
as it were, an oasis in a desert, and I think many will be 
the recollections of Dec. 24 and 25. And we hope and 
pray that much good may result from our being together, 
that God may be honored and glorified and souls brought 
to a knowledge of the truth as it is through Jesus Christ. 
A. J. Wine, Sec. 
Saginaw, Texas, Dec. 29. 


Bro. Abe Still and myself left our homes in Hawkins 
County, Tennessee, to do some mission work in Lee 
County, Virginia, and Bell County, Kentucky, a distance 
of sixty-five miles. We reached Hardy's Creek, Lee 
County, Virginia, Dec. 5 and held services with the Breth- 
ren. On Saturday we came to the Black Snake church, 
Kentucky, and commenced a series of meetings. Tues- 
day night our elder, Bro. Jos. I. Sizemore, from Cedar 
Grove congregation, Tennessee, arrived. We labored 
with the church eight days, which resulted in three giv- 
ing their hands to the church, and one was baptized that 
had joined previous to this time. The people in that 
country need to be pitied. They have been under the 
influence of the Calvinistic doctrine in its worst type. The 
church seems very much revived and built up in the faith 
of the Gospel. They also held a council meeting and 
elected one deacon and one minister, and also granted a 
request of separation to the brethren and sisters south of 
Cumberland Mountains, in Lee County, Virginia, who 
effected an organization on Hardy's Creek Dec. 18. The 
name of the congregation is to be White Sholes. 

We came to this place Dec. 19 and held meetings with 
the Brethren until the church was organized. They elect- 
ed two ministers during these meetings, and one came 
over on the Lord's side. The little band at this place 
seems to be very earnest and devoted. Both of these 
congregations have chosen Bro. Joseph I. Sizemore for 
their elder. May the Lord bless their labors. 

W. S. Ledbetter. 
Rogersville, Tenn. 

The membership is near fifty and a more aggressive body 
we seldom meet. Their new meetinghouse is neanng 
completion and will be an excellent house. 

The church, though disappointed in getting the as- 
sistance they expected from the General Board, are by 
no means discouraged, which was demonstrated in the 
amount raised for the District Mission fund. Their con- 
tribution amounted to some thirty dollars, and the good 
work is to be continued till the average of one dollar 
per member is reached. I was much encouraged while 
here and felt loath to part. Bro. Harader is the elder 
and only minister in this congregation, but the prospect 
re-enforcements are good. 

On the morning of Dec. 18 I left Payette, for Nez- 
perce, and after a tedious trip of over five hundred and 
forty miles by rail and boat I arrived at Nezperce on 
■'the morning of Dec. 21 in time for meeting at 11 A. 
M. On account of missing connection I was more than 
a day behind my appointments. The Sunday school was 
over and the congregation awaiting my arrival. This was 
my first meeting with this congregation, and after in- 
curring the expense of reaching the place -I thought I 
would allow myself at least one week, and cancel some 
of the appointments ahead}'- made ahead. In this we 
were again forcibly reminded that our plans must be 
subject to him who disposes. Before evening services 
a notice was "posted on the meetinghouse door by the 
city council ordering the meetings closed on account of 
the appearance of smallpox in town. Disappointed in 
meeting at the meetinghouse, a few of the members met 
for consultation at a private house and decided to have 
an official ^meeting at least at the home of Bro. S. M. 
Eby on Monday evening. When Monday evening came 
the weather was stormy and our meeting was again al- 
most a failure. 

The Nezperce prairie is one of the most fertile spo'ts 
in Idaho, and a number of Brethren settled in here sev- 
eral years ago, and some have amassed considerable 
wealth. I also found a spirit of liberality among the 
members, and it was the principal part of the writer's 
mission to direct a portion 0$ this liberality into the 
District fund. True liberality and charity begin at home. 
We owe our first support to the congregation of which 
we are a part, second to the District of which the con- 
gregation is a part, and third to the Brotherhood of which 
the District is a part. 

No congregation can hope to make a commendable 
record for itself by withholding its support from the 
District of which it is a part, however liberal it may 
be to the world-wide mission. I was glad to note in 
my interview with some of the officials that with but 
a single exception they expressed their determination to 
bring the church (so far a's their influence goes at least) 
in closer touch with the District and its work, and if 
possible labor to overcome the element of opposition. 

Though our visit was cut short by the circumstances 
over which we had no control, yet I felt that some good 
was accomplished, and I feel thankful for the short visit. 
I was not permitted to meet the elder, ^ro. Johnson, 
as he is now in California. Brethren who are engaged 
in evangelistic work will find a welcome at Nezperce as 
they desire some meetings, and ,a door is open for good 
both in building up the church and bringing others 
into the fold. D- B. Eby. 

Sunnyside, Wash., Dec. 24. 




McClure's Magazine for January js on our desk. The 
paper entitled, "A Right to Work" will be worth the 
price of the journal to not a few. It is a nonunion ac- 
count of the recent strike in the coal mines, and shows how 
the men were treated who wanted to work and yet were 
interfered with by the strikers. It is a remarkable pa- 
per. The article about Dr. Lorenz, and how he straight- 
ens out the limbs of crippled children, will interest a 
great many people. Without the use of knife or medi- 
cine he restores many children to a good condition. The 
Doctor is a wonderful man along his line. 

At my last writing I was still at Payette, and had 
in all five meetings. The meetings, though in a private 
house, were well attended and the spirit commendable. 

Christmas is past, and through the kindness of the 
Messenger readers who have met some of "our needs" 
we were enabled to make a number of families happy. 
Boxes and barrels filled with clothirfg, shoes, bed com- 
forters, dried fruit, apples and potatoes have come in 
from Palmyra, Waynesboro, Maitland, Boucher, Green- 
spring, Pa.; from Covington, Ohio, and South Bend, Ind. 
A number of Sunday schools and individuals sent con- 
tributions specially for Christmas. These were used in 
purchasing groceries for the needy and in starting a "coal 
fund " for the poor. A number of baskets were packed 
and sent out into homes. A Christmas dinner was served 
in the mission home to a number invited in, each little 
one carrying home a useful gift. One sister sent a con- 
tribution for a_much needed piece of furniture. 

Our Missionary Reading Circle meets each Sunday at 
4 P. M. in the mission home. We have- read the life of 
Judson, also of the untiring worker James Gilmore. 
a missionary some years ago in Mongolia, China. We 
will next read " Down in Water Street." a book recently 
published, giving the history of Jerry McAuley's mission 
in New York City, and will then take up the regular 
course of reading. 

A number of boys and mothers have been earning gar- 
ments and bedclothes. We are in constant need of these 
Mtpplies, and are thereby enabled to give out work. 

Our Thanksgiving and Christmas programs were en- 
joyed by a full house each time. These special children's 
services afford a good opportunity of getting the par- 
ents out. Elizabeth Howe. 

1.177 3rd Ave. and 59th St., Dec. 30. 


" What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. " 

BROWN— PHILLIPS.— At the home of the bride's 
parents, near Carlton, Kans., by the undersigned, Dec. 
25, 3902, Bro. Harvey E. Brown and Miss Mary Adella 
Phillips,' both of Carlton, Kans. 'Geo. Manon. 

HOKE— CRUMPACKER.— Dec. 18, 1902, at the home 
of the bride's parents. Roanoke. La., by the undersigned, 
Bro. Franklin Hoke and Sister Etta Crumpacker. 

A. A. Sutter. 
LECKRONE— DUNCAN.— At the residence of the 
bride's parents, Brother Samuel and Sister Ellen Dun- 
can, Dec. 25, 1902, by Eld. D. M. Shorb, of Surrey, N. 
Dak.. Bro. Noah E. Leckrone and Sister Winnie E. Dun- 
can Hannah Dunning. 

MILLER— RINEHART.— By the undersigned, at the 
home of the bride, in Union Bridge, Md„ Dec. 17, 1902, 
Mr. I. Herbert Miller, of Denver, Colo., formerly of Trot- 
wood, Ohio, and Miss Mary Louise, eldest daughter of 
I C and Lucinda Rinehart, of Union Bridge, Md. 
J ' ' E. W. Stoner. 

SHARP— KUNS.— Nov. 26, 1902, by the undersigned, 
at the residence of the bride's parents, Theodore Sharp, 
of Winnebago, Nebr., and M. Effa Kuns. of McPherson 
Kans. Edward Frantz. 

SPANGLER— MORGRET.— Dec. 23, 1902, at residence 
of Bro. Jacob G. Zug, near Chambersburg, Pa., Bro. 
Harry P. Spangler, of Conrad, Iowa, to Sister Jennie L. 
Morgret, of Chambersburg, Pa. Wm. A. Anthony. 

SPEES— ARMENTROUT.— By the undersigned, at the 
home of the bride's parents, Dec. 10, 1902, Mr. Homer L. 
Spees and Miss Barbara May Armentrout, both of Allen 
County, Ohio. David Byerly. 

VULGAMOTT— LEEDY.— Dec. 24, 1902, by the under- 
signed, at the residence of the bride's father, Bro. -Wm. 
D. Leedy, near Cerrogordo, 111., Mr. Edwin H. Vulga- 
mott, of near Cerrogordo, 111., and Miss Lulu B. Leedy, 
of near Cerrogordo, 111. H. H. Brallier, 


; the dead which die in the Lord. 

BOBINMYER. Sister Mandilla, died at her home, near 
Hartsburg, Ohio, Dec. 14, 1902. She was married to Ed- 
ward Bobinmyer Nov. 9, 1857- To this union were born 
five children, three sons and two daughters, all living. 
She also leaves a husband. The remains were interred 
in the Oakwood cemetery. Services conducted by Bro. 
Daniel Prowant. Text, James 4: 14. E. M. Prowant. 

BOOK, Sister Mary, wife of Bro. Isaac Book, died 
Dec. 24, 1902, at her home at Warble, Pa., aged 64 
years and 28 days. Sister Mary has been a consistent 
member of Brethren church for many years. She was 
the mother of seventeen children. She is survived by 
husband, eight sons and four daughters. Services by the 
writer, assisted by Bro. Wm. Zimmerman and ministers 
of Presbvterian and United Presbyterian churches. 

J. O. Smith. 

COLEBANK, Hannah, wife of Bro. Samuel Colebank, 
died in the Shiloh congregation, W. Va., Dec. 20, 1902, 
aged 72 years, 8 months and 17 days. She was born in 
Virginia. Her parents, John and Elizabeth Stewart, came 
to Barbour County, West Virginia, when she was young, 
in which vicinity she resided up to the time of her death. 
She was married to Samuel Colebank Nov. 9, 1850. She 
was a devoted member of the Brethren church over forty- 
seven years. The deceased was a great sufferer from 
dropsy for months. She leaves a husband and daughter. 
Services at the home of the deceased by Bro. J. B. 
Sheffer. ■ Dora Lindsey. 

DEAL, Benjamin W., died in the bounds of the Bush- 
creek congregation, Frederick Co., Md., Dec. 22, 1902, 
aged 91 years, 2 months and 15 days. He was once a 
member of the Brethren church. Funeral services at 
Pleasant Hill church, conducted by Eld. S. H. Utz. Text, 
Job 7: 2i. Silas K. Utz. 

GARDENER, Sister Elizabeth, died in the Manor con- 
gregation, Pa., Dec. 18, 1902, aged 78 years, 11 months 
and 10 days. She is survived by six children. She has 
been a member of the Brethren church for sixty-four 
years. Funeral services at Germantown church by the 
writer. J- W. Fyock. 

GIPE, Henry, died at his home near Sand Beach, Pa., 
suddenly Dec. 14, 1902, aged 51 years. He was for years 
not far from the kingdom of God. Appointment was 
made to receive him in the church in the afternoon of 
the day he died. He had heart dropsy, with other com- 
plications. He was the father of nine children, of whom 
seven remain, with wife (a sister). Funeral services at 
Hanoverdale, conducted by Eld. John Witmer. assisted 
by Bro. Thomas Patrick, from Num. 23: 10. 

A. M. Kuhns. 
HAVERSTICK, Bro. Abner M., died in Lancaster, Pa., 
at his home, No. 446 W. Walnut St., Dec. 22, 1902, aged 
78 years, 3 months and 4 days. The deceased was in 
very good health, and was twice to services on Dec. 21. 
He died very suddenly. He arose as usual. He fell by 



January IO, 1903 



the side of his wife lifeless. Bro. Haverstick was twice 
married. Three children survive him to first wife. Mar- 
tha Garloch was chosen as his second companion, by 
whom he had four children. These all survive him. The 
funeral was on Christmas day. Amos S. Hottenstein and 
the undersigned conducted the funeral service. Text, 
John 11: 26 and Num. 23: 10. J. W. Myer. 

HIMES, Sister Elizabeth, nee Shope, died Dec. 21, 1902, 
of old age and pneumonia, aged S9 years, 9 months and 
6 days. She was married to Levi Himes March 20, 1836. 
To this union nine children were born; three are still 
living; two are members of the Brethren church. She 
was a member of the Brethren church for about thirty- 
six years. They lived in York County, Pennsylvania, un- 
til April 8, 1872, when they moved to Russell County, 
Kansas. Her husband died May 6, 1892. Funeral serv- 
ices conducted by Eld. John Hollinger, of Russell County, 
Kans., from John ri: 25, 26, in the Brethren church. She 
was buried by the side of her husband in the graveyard 
near the church. J. S. Strole. 

KEEFER, Wm. L., died at his home near Blairs Cor- 
ners, Venango County, Pa., Dec. 18, 1902, of cancer of 
the stomach, aged 73 years, 4 months and 20 days. He 
was born in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania. He was 
married twice. In 1852 he was married to Mary A. 
Spanogle, daughter of Eld. Andrew Spanogle. She passed 
away a few years later. Two children were born to 
this union. About 1S60 he was married to Miss Mary 
A. Davison. To thi,s union were born several children. 
The mother passed away many years ago. He was the 
oldest brother of the writer. D. P. Keefer. 

KEYSER, Bro. Jacob B., died at his home in the Blue 
Creek congregation, Ohio, Nov. 17, 1902, aged 48 years, 2 
months and 25 days. Feb. 26, 1882, he was married to 
Emma Ries, and to them were born eight children, seven 
sons and one daughter. One son preceded him to the 
spirit world. He united with the church in the fall of 
1877. He served as deacon for a number of years. He 
leaves a wife, six sons and one daughter. Funeral serv- 
ices at the Blue Creek church by Eld. C. L. Wilkins. 

Sylvia Heminger. 

KING, Edward F., born in Germany, died at bis home 
near Eglon, W. Va., Dec. 20, 1902, aged 74 years, 6 months 
and 24 days. He came to America with his parents while 
yet a child and lived in Baltimore awhile, after which he 
removed to points farther west. He was married to Mary 
A. Freeland, and to this union were born two sons and one 
daughter. The daughter preceded him to the spirit world. 
He became a member of the Brethren church about forty- 
five years ago and lived faithful until death. He was 
anointed in November, 1901. He leaves a sorrowing wid- 
ow and two sons. The funeral services were conducted 
by Eld. Jonas Fike, assisted by Eld. T. S. Fike. 

Allie Day King. 

KINPORTS, Bro. Daniel, died at his home, near Eph- 
rata, Pa., in the bounds of Springville church, Dec. 26, 
1902, aged 79 years. He died on same date as birth. 
Two sons survive. Services conducted by Eld. I. W. 
Taylor. Interment at Brick meetinghouse cemetery. 
Aaron R. Gibbel. 

LIZER, Bro. Jeremiah, died at his home, in Mt. Morris, 
111., Dec. 8, 1902, aged 56 years and 11 months, lacking one 
day. The deceased was born in Washington County, Md. 
Feb. 22, 1870, he was married to Susan Hartman, and four 
years later they moved to Illinois where they have contin- 
ued to reside. Both became members of the Brethren 
church twenty-.three years ago. Seven children were born 
to them. All of the family survive the father except two 
children who died in infancy. Funeral services by Eld. 

D. E. Price. Nelson Shirk. 
MILLER, Johnnie R., son of Brother I. W. and Sister 

Susan Miller, died in the Greenmount church, near Sing- 
ers Glen, Va., Dec. 5, 1902, of inward cancer, aged 8 
years, 11 months and 27 days. Services held at Green- 
mount church, conducted by the writer, assisted by Eld. 
I. C. Myers, from James 4: 14. J. A. Garber. 

McFERREN, Sister Catharine A., wife of Bro. Sam- 
uel, died Dec. 12, 1902, at her home in Waynesboro, Pa., 
of appendicitis, aged about 60 years. She was a mem- 
ber of the Brethren church for forty-two years, and lived 
a Christian life. She is survived by a husband and one 
daughter. Services were conducted by Bro. J. B. Ruth- 
raufl. Interment in the Price church graveyard. 

Sudie M. Wingert. 

OLLER, Bro. John S., died Dec. 15, 1902, in Waynes- 
boro, Pa., of dropsy, aged 79 years, n months and 11 
days. He was in ill health for some time, but was con- 
fined to his bed only a few' days. He was a member 
of the Brethren church many years and ever stood firm 
for her principles. He was elected to the office of dea- 
con twenty-two years ago and was also treasurer of this 
congregation the same length of time. He is survived by 
a wife, three sons and two daughters. Interment in the 
Price church graveyard. Services by Bro. J. B. Ruth- 
raufT. Sudie M. Wingert. 

REESE, Cloyd, the youngest son of Brother and Sister 
Amos Reese, died at their home in Lima, Ohio, Dec. 8, 
1902, of Bnght's disease, aged 21 years, 8 months and 16 
days. Cloyd was an exceptionally promising young man. 
He was a regular attendant at the Methodist church, and 
when realizing that the end was near, he requested that 
Bro. Daniel Byerly and his Sunday-school teacher (Mr. 
Figley) conduct his funeral. They were assisted by Dr. 
Thompson. Funeral services were held in the Metho- 
dist church in Lima; interment in the Sugar Creek ceme- 
tery. I. W. Byerly. 

ROE, Judith A., nee Ewans, in the Dorrance congrega- 
tion, Kans., Oct. 29, 1902, aged 56 years, 6 months and 19 
days. She was married to S. A. Roe Oct. 25, 1866. To 
this union were born five children, four of whom remain 
with their father to mourn their loss She was a sufferer 
for many years. Funeral services conducted by Eld John 
Hollinger, or Russell, Kans., from R ev . 14-13 in the M 

E. church, Dorrance, Kans. j g Strole. 
STEVENS, Sister Mary, died at her home on N West 

St., Lima, Ohio, Dec. 21; 1902, of consumption, aged 35 
years and 11 months. She united with the church last 
j u ly and since that time has led a consistent life Fu- 
neral services were held at the Sugar Creek church by 
the writer, assisted by Bro. David Byerly. 

Edward Kintner. 

STICHTER, Benjamin Franklin, son of Jacob and 
Louise SHchter, died in the bounds of the Pleasant Hill 
church, Miami Co., Ohio, Dec. 17, 1902, aged 44 years, 
if months and 10 days. He was married to Sister Emma 
Flory March 9, 1SS2. To this union were born seven 
children, three sons and four daughter;,, three of whom 
preceded him to the spirit world. He leaves an aged 
mother, wife, three sons, one daughter, two brothers and 
five sisters. Funeral held in Christian church in Pleasant 
Hill, conducted by Enos Pemberton, of the Friends 
church and the writer. D. C. Hendrickson. 



Jan. 10, Lordsburg. 

Jan. 19, Payette. 

Jan. 24, 2 pm. Crystal. 

Jan. 3, 4 pm, Lower Miami. 

Jan. 10, Salt Plains. 


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Brethren Publishing House, ;: 

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Sunday School Commentary.... 

:st Pock>t Edition for 1903 
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book, " Paul, tins Herald of the CroNs," by 
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to the young people and to older persona. 
Brother Wayland follows the great mis- 
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ending bis grand life in the same in- 
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Address all orders to 


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January 10, 1903 


Abilene.— Our series of meetings, conducted by Bro. 
Lentz closed Dec. 21. He preached twenty-three very 
interesting sermons. Four dear young people have -con- 
fessed Christ. The church was very richly fed.— Lillie 
Shank, Navarre, Kans., Dec. 23. 

Macedon.— The writer came to this village Dec. 17 and 
preached each evening until Dec. 20. There were good 
congregations. Closed with good interest.— J. L. Guthrie. 
Bluffton, Ohio. Jan. 1. 

Greene.— Our church met in council Jan. r. We elected 
our church officers for the coming year; received one tet- 
icr and also granted one. We decided to do some repair- 
ing in our church. We expect 10 hold a series of meetings 
as soon as our minister can come. Bro. Zimmerman, from 
Waterloo, is 10 do the preaching. Bro. Ed. Eikenberry 
is our Sunday-school superintendent, and Bro. J. D. Shook 
assistant. We took up a collection on Thanksgiving day 
for the India mission, which amounted to over seventeen 
dollars. — Lib Myers, Greene, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

Bean Chapel.— Bro. E. T. Fike, came Dec. 20 and 
preached three sermons-. Dec. 21 he preached the dedica- 
tion sermon of the new churchhouse, our elder, D. J. Mil- 
ler being present. Bro. Miller continued the meetings 
for a week, preaching eight sermons.— T. H. Miller, Ten 
Mile, W. Va., Jan. 2. 

Cottage Grove.— Eld. L. W. Teeter, from Hagerstown, 
Ind., came to our place Dec. 6 and continued meetings 
iwo weeks, including three day meetings. The weather 
was very inclement, but good interest was manifested. 
We had'a good meeting.— Ethel Fitsimons, College Cor- 
iier, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Straight Creek.— Bro. J. C. Bright preached eleven inter- 
esting sermons to the Straight Creek congregation Nov.22 
10 Dec. 1. A council meeting was held Dec. 1. The min- 
isters present were J. C. Bright, J. H. Brumbaugh, D. M 
Garger and J. Causier. On account of the removal of 
our former elder, W. Q. Calvert, J. H. Brumbaugh was 
appointed elder over this congregation.— Lulu Weaver, 
Straight Creek, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Bolivar church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. Jos. Hoi- 
topple presiding. Having served this church for five years 
by appoiniment of the Mission Board of Western District 
of Pennsylvania, he closed his labors here on that day. 
Church officers were elected for the year. On the last 
Sunday of the old year Bro. A. Fyock preached the fu- 
neral of friend Geo. Fisher, husband of Sister Fisher. He 
was struck and killed by the train two days earlier. — 
J. D. Myers, Robinson, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Channing Street Mission.— Our work is moving on very 
pleasantly. Occasionally our Sunday school numbers over 
one hundred. Preaching services arc well attended. Our 
Bible school and Bro. D. L. Miller's lectures at the East 
Los Angeles church were a complete success. This even- 
ing Bro. Miller lectured for us at the mission. Our house 
was filled to overflowing. We were favored recently with 
a very able sermon at our mission from Jesse Overholtzer, 
of Colton, Cal., who also is a mission worker. Last Sun- 
day evening our aged Eld. Hanawalt, recently from Penn- 
sylvania, favored us with another able sermon. Our min- 
istering brethren will please remember our mission, when 
coming to Los Angeles.— H. R. Taylor, 1358 Channing St., 
Los Angeles, Cal., Dec. 30. 

Belief ontaine.— The Missionary Reading Circle Meeting 
at Greenspring church is an event of the past only so far 
as the actual meeting itself is concerned. The ■ inspira- 
tion and renewed consecration there focused will tell for 
time to come. It was a glorious meeting for enthusiasm 
and practical results. Movements were put on foot for 
the sending and supporting of two missionaries in for- 
eign lands. Although the attendance was not large, near- 
ly $t75 was collected and pledged for this work. We 
doubt if there was ever such a meeting held in the Broth- 
erhood. It seemed as if the Spirit's presence could be 
felt, and we know his power was manifest. — John R. Sny- 
der. 803 N. Main St., Bellefontaine, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Back Creek.— Bro. D. S. Clapper, of Everett, Pa., began 
preaching Dec. 7, at the Shank meetinghouse and con- 
tinued until Dec. 28, preaching twenty-seven sermons. 
Three precious souls were added to the church by baptism, 
a mother and her two daughters. On account of the bad 
weather the meeting was not largely attended. Bro. 
Clapper goes to Punxsutawney, Jefferson Co., Pa. — Emma 
Miller, Mercersburg, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Cooks Creek. — We are in the midst of an interesting 
meeting at the Garber church, conducted by. Bro. I. S. 
Long. During the special Bible term at Bridgewaler Col- 
lege, which begins Jan. 19, Bro. P. B. Fitzwater will de- 
liver a series of sermons. Many should avail themselves 
of this opportunity. We also expect Bro. Albert Hol- 
linger to preach for us at the Bridgewater church com- 
mencing about the first of February. — S. I. Bowman, Har- 
risonburg, Va., Jan. 1. 

Indianapolis. — Dec. 28 we visited the Indianapolis mis- 
sion, in charge of Eld. Beery, assisted by Sister Clara 
Stauffer. We had the pleasure of being in their Sunday 
school; also heard an interesting sermon by Bro. Beery. 
I would that more of our members would visit this mis- 
sion and see the earnest workers and the interest mani- 
fested. It would cause us to make many sacrifices to 
help the cause along at this place. — Laura E. Thompson, 
Sec. of Sisters' Aid Society, Darlington, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Sangerville.— Bro. W. B. Yount, of Bridgewater Col- 
lege, was with us Dec. 28 and gave an interesting talk to 
the Sunday school at 10 A. M., and at 1 1 A. M. he preached 
for us. We also reorganized Sunday school for the year 
1903 by re-electing brethren G. E. Garber and A. J. Mil- 
ler superintendents. We have an evergreen Sunday school 
and the average attendance for last year was nearly forty- 
eight.— Annie R. Miller, R. D. No. 18, Bridegwater, Va., 
Jan. I. 

Huntington (city). — Jan. 4 we commenced a series of 
meetings. Bro. Gorman Heeter is doing the preaching. 
On Christmas eve we had an entertainment and treat 
for the benefit of our little Sunday-school workers. We 
reorganized our school Dec. 28. We re-elected Bro. Isaac 
Brumbaugh superintendent and elected Bro. Waybright 
assistant. — Cora I. Leicht, 69 William St., Huntington, 
Ind., Jan. 5. 

Nezperce church met in council Dec. 26. Bro. J. C. 
Culp was chosen Sunday-school superintendent. 1 nirty- 
seven dollars and seventy-five cents was raised for the 
District mission. We had services Thanksgiving day, at 
which time fifty dollars was raised for mission purposes. 
Bro D B Eby, of Sunnyside, Wash., preached for us 
Bee 21 On account of smallpox in town we were not 
permitted to meet in the church afterward.— Minnie G. 
Eby, Nezperce, Idaho, Dec. 28. 

Verdigris.— Dec. 28 we closed a glorious series of meet- 
ings at this place, conducted by Bro. Salem Beery, of Gi- 
rard, Kans.. who began preaching Dec. 6. No one yielded 
until the evening of Dec. 27, when fourteen dear souls, 
all young, arose and said they were going to follow Jesus. 
We never witnessed such an outpouring of God s Spirit 
and it will be long remembered by all present. We en- 
joyed the presence of Bro. D. W. Stouder, of the Cotton- 
wood congregation, for a short time during the meetings; 
also Eld. John Sherfy, of Westphalia, during which time 
brethren W. H. Leaman and S. E. Lanlz were ordained 
to the eldership. Dec. 20 and 27 the District Sunday 
School Meeting of Southeastern Kansas convened at this 
place By it we feel that new zeal for the Master s cause 
has been awakened. Bro. F. H. Crumpacker, of McPher- 
son College, has been with us this week, conducting a 
singing at the church.— Lillie Miller, Madison. Kans., Jan. 1. 

Sugar Creek.— Beginning on Christmas day, Bro. Henry 
Neff preached ten soul-cheering sermons to us at our east 
house. We feel that much good has been done.— M. C. 
Kister, Tunker. Ind., Jan. 3. 

Kearney church met in council Jan. 1. Business was 
disposed of in a spirit of love. Two letters of member- 
ship were granted. Our series of meetings has been post- 
poned until Feb. 1.— Mary F. May, Kearney, Nebr., Jan. 3. 

Anderson.— Eld. John R. Wellington preached an in- 
teresting discourse yesterday. We welcome in our m'd^ 
Bro Henry Mitchell and wife, from Middletown, Ind. 
Their work in Sunday school and church will be appre- 
ciated Services will begin at Forest chapel schoolhouse 
first Sunday in March, at 3 P. M. Several members re- 
side there and the interest in general is good.— J. S. All- 
dredge, Anderson. Ind., Jan. 5. 

Burks Fork.— Eld". J. F. Robertson, of Fraternity 
church N. C, came to our congregation Dec. 19 and 
commenced meetings. He continued till Dec. 28, preach- 
ing fourteen soul-cheering sermons. Two precious souls 
put on Christ by baptism. The members are very much 
encouraged. — Mae Hylton, Santos, Va., Jan. 2. 

Elkhart City church commenced a revival meeting this 
evening, with Bro. J. V. Felthouse conducting the work. 
Bro T Edson Ulery was with us this evening, as he is 
at home a few days.— S. C. Kindy. Elkhart, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Valley River church met in council Dec. 20, with Eld. 
J A Parish presiding. We held services on Christmas 
by Bro. J. A. Parish.— A. C. Anvil, Junior, W. Va., Dec. 31- 

Eel River.— Our Christmas sefvices were held at our 
west house, conducted by Eld. L. Pottinger. New Year's 
day we had services at our Eel River house, conducted 
by Bro. G. Ulery, and to-day at our regular services at 
our east house Eld. Samuel Leckrone gave us a soul- 
cheering sermon. — Tuda Haines, Sidney. Ind., R. R. Jan. 4. 

Franklin County church convened in council Dec. 27, 
Eld. Wm. H. Pyle presiding. Our singing school, con- 
sisting of eleven sessions, conducted by Sister Sadie J. 
Miller, of Waterloo, Iowa, closed Jan. 2. Sister Miller 
is a competent instructor of music. We have adopted the 
Brethren Hymnal.— Elsie A. Pyle. R. R. No. 5. Hampton, 
Iowa, Jan. 2. 


what thou Bcesi, and send it unto the churches. 1 


The special Bible session will commence Jan. 26 and 
continue until Feb. 13. 

Bro. M. G. Brumbaugh will preach Sunday evening, Jan. 
25, and on Monday will commence his lectures on John's 
Gospel, at 4 P. M. and at 7 P- M. These lectures will be 
continued Tuesday and Wednesday at the same hours. 
He will also lecture the same hours on Feb. 5, 6 and 7. 

Five periods each day will be used as follows: 

1. Old Testament studies, both historical and exegetical. 

2. A course in the study of church doctrine. 

3. A study in the exilic Psalms and those of the restora- 
tion. The work will be historical, exegetical and prac- 

4. Biblical interpretation. What sort of a book is the 
Bible? From what point should it be studied and inter- 

5. A consideration of Christian missions. 

6. Exegesis of some New Testament book. 

7. Exercises in thought-getting and thought-giving. 
These lessons are planned to develop original thought, 
especially in the line of illustration and application to 
everyday scenes. To this work will be added exercises 
in Bible and hymn reading. 

8. Regular class studies in the Gospels. 

In addition to these regular studies, there will be Ies 
sons in church singing, Sunday school normal work, and 
lectures by different members of the faculty on special 
themes. Saturdays will be given to the discussion of 
Sunday school and missionary topics. 

On Saturday, Feb. 7. the Sisters' Mission Band will 
hold their annual meeting. An urgent invitation is given 
to the sisters to be present at this meeting. They desire 
a representative from as many of the chiirches in the 
State as possible. These meetings have always been of 
more than usual interest and should be largely attended 
by our sisters and brethren.* 

Evangelistic services will begin on Thursday evening, 
Feb. 5, and will be conducted by Eld. W. S. Long, of Ger- 
matitown, Pa. Those who come should write to Eld. H. 
B. Brumbaugh some days previous so as to arrange for 
proper accommodations. Strangers will be met at station 
if notified. J. B. Brumbaugh. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Below will be found what Bro. J. E. Miller has to say 
about the " Eternal Verities " : 

I have just finished' reading this book and must say 
it is worth not only a careful reading, but a thorough 
study. The author has wisely selected the best on- the 
subject and has told it in the simplest language, which 
is always the most forceful way of presentation. It is 
one thing to listen to a young fellow fresh from college 
talk about the mistakes in the Bible; it is a different 
thing to read the pages of one who has carefully and thor- 
uughly gone over the subject and writes the conviction 
that has been burned deep into his heart. Bro. Miller has 
done many noble services to the church, but never a nobler 
one than when he brought forth this book of evidences. 

"Eternal Verities" will prove the stay and comfort 
of many a young person who reads it. It deserves a 
wide reading. The book will bear comparison with the 
standard works along its line and will not suffer in the 
least by the comparison. It not only should be in the 
home of each one of our people, but should be in the 
homes of many others. It is a great thing to go and de- 
clare the Truth to a heathen people; it is equally great to 
cause those who live in a land where the Truth is known 
to cling to the Truth. And this book will have just such 
an effect. J- E. Miller. 

Urbana, 111. 

The first edition is exhausted and has been on the mar- 
ket only a short time. We are appointing agents every 
day and if you want to make some money quick write us 
for terms and full particulars. Be sure to give name of 
township wanted to canvass in. Price only, $1.25 in cloth 
binding. Address, 

Elgin, 111. 

Sunday School Teachers and Workers. 

. .»■ < 

Are you interested in Sunday school work? If you are 
you will want the best helps possible. The Brethren's 
Sunday School Commentary is just the thing to give 
you an insight to the lesson, so that you may be able to 
present the truth in an intelligent manner and with all 
the force possible. 

No teacher should go before his class without the les- 
son fully at his command and no better help can be found 
than our Commentary. It contains 282 pages, including 
the Dictionary and Inserts, which are more fully de- 
scribed in the New Catalogue, a copy of which will be 
mailed .free to any address. 

Price, cloth-bound, 80c. Address, 

Elgin, 111. 

Direct Steamship Service to Manila 

The Pacific Steamship Lines Inaugurate Direct Sailings 
from San Francisco. 

No Longer Necessary to Reach the Philippines via 
Hong Kong. 

The Chicago & North- Western Railway announces that 
in connection with the daily trans-continental train serv- 
ice, via that line from Chicago to San Francisco, the steam- 
ship lines from the latter port have inaugurated, direct sail- 
ings from San Francisco to Manila, additional to the serv- 
ice via Nagasaki and Hong Kong. Some of the finest steam- 
ships in the Pacific are being used for this new direct serv- 
ice. As an indication of the rapid development of Ameri- 
can interests in the far east, this fact will be of moment 
to all Americans. Ships via this direct route will leave San 
Francisco every month until further notice, and the sail- 
ing time to Manila will be about 28 days. 

The growth of the Trans-Pacific trade in the past three 
or four years has been nothing short of marvelous, both 
as to freight and as to passenger traffic. Many tourists 
now travel to Europe via San Francisco instead of taking 
the Atlantic liners from New York. The Overland Lim- 
ited via the North- Western and Union Pacific roads across 
the American continent and new express train service of 
the most palatial sort known to Europe on the Trans- 
Siberian road, invite the tourist to try a new journey 
through the most wonderful scenes the world affords. 

Alone with God. — By J. H. Garrison. A manual of devo- 
tions, being a eeries of meditations and forms of prayer for private 
devotions, family worship and special occasions; 334 pages; cloth, 
75 cents; morocco, $1.25. 

One of the most useful, most needed, and best adapted book* of 
the year, and therefore it is not strange that it is proving one of 
the moat popular. In work of this kind ita distinguished, gifted, 
pious and beloved author is at his best. This book will be helpful 
to every minister, church official and Sunday-school superintendent, 
as well as every private member of the church. 

Elfin, Illinois. 

The Gqipel messenger 


Vol. 42. 

Elgin, III., January 17, 1903. 

No. 3 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. might be benefited. But he also stored up in the earth 

other treasures more necessary to the well-being and 

Editorial,- happiness of man. And these treasures, some of 

Unscriptural Marriages , U--.U 1 v 

Go to the Grave or Separate 40 V ICh WP beheve are n °t vet discovered, will supply 

The Real Problem, 4 o man as long as he has an existence upon the earth. 

Nineteen Hundred and Three 11 D .. ., , , F 

The Omaha Tragedy 4, but these are not to be compared with those he has 

The Most Ancient Code of Law '.'.'. .'.'.'.42 laid up for his children in the world to come Yet 

Is Josephus Reliable? 4-5 ., e ... w 

Misuse of the Pulpit '.".'.'.'.42 eart " are s0 much nearer and appeal 

Bro. Stover's Book on India '.'.'.'.'.'.42 to us so directly that thev often make us foreet that 

Appreciation , 2 ., , ■ & v 

Christmas Presents '.'.'.'.'.'.% there are ""? others. We need to look away from 

Essay,— these fleeting things of earth to those incomparably 

Growth of Arbitration. By John Heckman, 34 more beautiful and glorious, and which in addition are 

Our English Bible and How we Got It. By John' eternal 

R. Snyder 34 

The Convention for 1906, 35 

God Forbid. By c . H. Balsbaugh 35 For a good many years there has been practically 

from the Sea of Galilee. By E. M. Cobb is ,~ - 1 , ■ , ~ 

The Right Kind of Praying. By Daniel Vaniman.Js "° mcrea se ■" the population of France. This has 

He Sold His Farm. By James M. Neff 36 been a constant source of uneasiness for laree num- 

Home Again, India. By Mrs. Wilbur Stover 37 ,,„. t 17 u j , , 

Raise the Standard Higher. By A. Hutchison J7 BOTS 0t frenchmen, and plans to change this con- 

rhris!, r in cr f h f y , A - r fT r'V-"ii''V 37 dition have not been lacki,, ff- But so far none ° f 

Christian Liberty. By John Ca vin Rnght 37 t u.>. u . j a 1 • , » ^ 

Sermon Department,- them have had the effect. France is standing 
The Fall of Man. By Chas. A Bame 37 ' W "" e Germany, her enemy, is advancing in pop- 
Home and Family,- Ulatl ° n ' The French see the final result of this, and 

The Best Boy Story, 3g the P ros Pect is not pleasing to them. The latest plan 

Child Life Insurance '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.39 to prevent the falling off of population in France comes 

Mrs. U. S. Grant in c ^ 1 , t^ , . 

_ , ... . ' ' 3g fro m Colonel Toutee of the general staff. He pro- 

*Tn?™:?z::L?£Z?:r™'- 43 poses that chiidren and *»<•*«*»• *-» ^ ^ 

The Horner Churches. By Wilbur Stover,.. 43 succession rights, SO that a man with many children 

JSrictr Texas'and' L.-.ulana 3 ' B^ ^Wine ' t T" "^ * ***" *»" **" ^ ^^ Wh ° ™> 

Ft™ Hortjieju Illinois By C. H. Hawbecker 43 have none or -few. An only child would he allowed 

IK* 10 Mi, ,o,K,ry Money By Mary He : ' to recti ve only one-half of his father's estate the other 

The jailer and His. By J. ' E. Young.' '.'.\ .'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. [43 half going to the next heirs. It is to be hoped that 

— they will find the remedy for which they are seek- 

AROUND THE WORLD. ing ' for k is 110t irood for any nation to bc in thc 

* condition that the French are. It means decline. But 

t„„ a . .. a- , ■ 'he best remedy is to remove the cause. 

1 he war department discourages the practice of al- 
lowing soldiers who have been convicted repeatedly 

of drunkenness to escape with no other punishment 

than dishonorable discharge. In an order issued from 

the headquarters of the department of the lakes Maj. 

Gen. MacArthur says that such a policy tends to en- 
courage soldiers to sacrifice good character in order 

to sever themselves from the service, and he declares 

that this is gravely opposed to public policy. The or- 
• der was inspired by the finding of a court martial in the 
Vase of Private Herbert H. Barrett at Fort Sheridan. 

He was, sentenced to dishonorable discharge and the 

sentence was approved. It seems there ought to be 

some other penalty, and ex-soldiers, because of the in- 
fluence they have over the young, should not be let go 

as is now done. If a man's conduct is such that he 

must be discharged from the army, he is hardly the 

kind of a man to associate with our boys and young 

men. They have more than enough temptations to 

withstand without this one being added. We believe 

the war department is right in discouraging or ruling 

against such dishonorable discharges. They are not 

for the good of our country, for as the young men of 

to-day are influenced, so will our nation be. And it 

ought to be better, not worse, than it is at present. 

Last week there was dedicated at Washington, D. 
C a public library costing three hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars, the gift of Andrew Carnegie to the 
city. No other man has done so much to establish li- 
braries. He has already furnished the money for 
building seven hundred and thirty, varying in cost 
from a few thousand dollars up to hundreds of thou- 
sands for each building. He says he will estab- 
lish eight hundred more. One of his most recent gifts 
is an offer to build fifty branch libraries in Philadel- 
phia at a cost of thirty thousand dollars each, provided 
the city furnishes sites and makes provision to support 
them. Mr. Carnegie goes on the principle that a man 
ought during his life to do with his money what he- 
wishes, and not run the risk of having his plans de- 
feated after his death. That is a very good principle 
to go on, and if it were followed by more men a 
greater amount of good would be done and there 
would be chance for but little squabbling over the 
disposition of dead men's monev. 

During the year 1902 more than eighty million dol- 
lars worth of gold and more than thirty million of 
silver were produced in the United States. This is 
an increase of about five and a half million dollars 
worth over the preceding year. Colorado heads the 
list with twenty-seven and a half million in gold and 
nine million in silver. California stands second in the 
production of gold and Montana in the production of 
silver. The Klondike and Utah hold third places. 
The Lord stored an abundance of the precious metals 
in the earth, and distributed them so that all the world 

There is a steady increase in the number of suicides 
each year. The steadiness of this increase is shown 
by the following comparison ; In 1899 there were 5,- 
340 cases; in 1900, 6,755; «i 1901, 7,245; in 1902, 8,- 
231. The most remarkable fact connected with the 
year's record is the sudden increase of the propor- 
tion between men and women. For several years past 
the record has shown a ratio of five males to one fe- 
male, but this year three times as many women as 
last year have committed suicide, the figures being: 
Males. 5.082; females. 3.149. Physicians, as usual, 
head the list among professional men, the record 
standing: Physicians, forty-two; clergymen, twelve; 
lawyers, five; bankers, six; journalists, two; artists, 
x ; college professors, I. Nine more physicians have 

committed suicide in 1902 than in 1901. It looks as 
if there is something radically wrong somewhere, that 
so many persons are impelled to destroy themselves. 
It seems especially strange ministers of the Gospel 
should so lose hope as to figure in the above list. 
But they are subject to the same trials as other men 
and have the same infirmities. The age in which 
we live is too fast. We have gotten too far away 
from the simple life which our forefathers lived. In 
many things we have the advantage over them, but we 
may doubt whether we get as much real pleasure out 
of life as they did. And if men lived more in accord- 
ance with the precepts of the Gospel their pleasures 
would be so much greater that they would have no 
desire to lay violent hands upon themselves. 

1 111: coal situation grows worse instead of better. 
There is great suffering for want of fuel, especially 
among the poor in the cities. Factories are being shut 
down because coal cannot be obtained. The extreme 
cold of a few days ago has added to the suffering of 
those who are unable to secure fuel. In some places 
the people grow desperate; and no wonder. Why, 
when there is so much coal, should any one be forced 
to suffer for want of it? At Areola, 111., last Saturday 
a train stopped because of a disabled engine. Among 
the cars were sixteen filled with coal. The people of 
the town said it would not be allowed to be taken out 
of town. A telegram was senl to headquarters, but 
their offer to buy was refused. Then they took pos- 
session of the cars, pressed teams into service, weighed 
the coal carefully and had it distributed in ton lots to 
the most needy. It was not a disorderly mob, but a 
gathering of desperate people, among them being some 
of the best citizens. In Nebraska corn is being burned 
for fuel in some places. Those of us who have our 
winter supply laid in can hardh realize what it means 
to live in poor houses and have no means of warming 
them. But we know that the condition is deplorable 
when people must freeze to death. 

Ok course some one is to blame for the suffering, 
and an earnest effort is being made to find out who 
it is. Reports say that at various places hundreds 
of carloads of coal arc standing on the track and no 
apparent effort is being made to get them to the 
cities where they are so much needed. It is report- 
ed that dealers are having the coal held until the price 
is higher, though it is so high now that it is out of 
the reach of most people. Another claim is that the 
railroads are to blame. When the investigation is 
over it is to be hoped that the real cause will have been 
found out and removed. It is not likely that such a 
coal famine will be allowed to occur again. But once 
is too often. If it is shown that shortage has been 
brought about purposely — to affect the price or for 
some other reason — no doubt the offenders will be 
condemned. Evidently the blame belongs somewhere: 
but the ones to blame are not the ones who suffer. 
The Chicago city council seems to think the dealers 
are largely responsible, for at their meeting Monday 
night of this week they passed an ordinance making it 
a penal offense, punishable by a fine of two hundred 
dollars for every case, to hold back fuel in order to 
force up the price. The wealthy do not suffer, but the 
women and children among the poor are the ones up- 
on whom the burden is heaviest, and they are helpless to 
change conditions. If greed for money is responsible, 
we have great reason to pray God to deliver us from it 
and to give us his Spirit : for where he reigns no one 
will cause unnecessary suffering to even the least, the / ' 
poorest and most despised, of his fellow-men. 


January 17, 1903 


show thyself approved unto Goo, a workman thai 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word ot Truth 

necdeth not be 

"THE CITY OF GOLD."— Rev. 21 and 22. 


There's a beautiful city which eye hath not seen, 
Where the river is flowing through pastures of gTeen 
■Tis the home of the blessed; in tile Bible we're told 
The name of that place is the City of Gold. 
The walls are of jasper, all radiant and bright; 
The gates of pearl, resplendent and white; 
Its clear crystal sea as of glass to behold. 
Oh! what beauties await in the City of Gold. 
They need neither candle nor light of the sun, 
For the light of the place is the crucified One. 
The inhabitants there do always behold 
The Lamb as the light in "the City of Gold. 
No sickness or pain shall be felt any more, 
No sorrow or crying when we shall reach that blest shore; 
For all will be changed to the new from the old 
When we pass through its door to the City of Gold. 
There it is all calm and peaceful within, 
There is nothing impure, nor the least taint of sin; 
No one that defileth can enter that fold, 
Or walk in the light through that City of Gold. 
There the saints of all ages together will meet 
And cast their bright crowns at the dear Savior's feet; 
They will swell the glad chorus with sweetness untold 
To him who hath brought them to the City of Gold. 
Dear friends who have left thee and gone on before 
May be watching and waiting beyond the blest shore 
To rejoice with the angels that thy name is enrolled 
On the Lamb's book of life in the City of Gold. 
The gates are wide open, would'st thou enter in? 
Then plunge in that fountain that is open for sin 
Showing faith in the Savior by works we are told 
Is the passport we have to the City of Gold. 
Come then, O sinner, if thy heart be true 
In that beautiful place there's a mansion for you. 
'Tis the Savior invites thee, come into the fold, 
. Amri enter with us in the City of Gold. 
'Tis a free invitation and open to all; 
The rich and the poor, the great and the small. 
The wise and the simple, the young and the old 
May all have a share in the City of Gold. 
Oh hail happy day! when our faith will be sight. 
When we walk through the city in garments of white; 
We shall the King in his beauty behold, 
And go no more out of the City of Gold. 

The Savior has called again and again, 
No longer his kind invitation disdain; 
Obtain thy full pardon; forgetting the old, 
Press on with thy title to the City of Gold. 
Port Republic, Va. 

' The whole number of arbitrations during the 
century was just under two hundred, or about 
two per year, on an average for the entire hundred 
years. More than half of these occurred during 
the last thirty years,— a period during which not 
a single battle was fought between any two of 
the nations of Western Europe, previously almost 
a perpetual battleground. Nearly a third of the 
number have taken place within the last ten or 
eleven years." 

They who preached this doctrine nearly two hun- 
dred years ago could see very little fruit of their 
labor, but we who are at the end of the nineteenth 
can look back and see how this preaching of 
peace in the world of war, and they living what they 
preached, has not been without its results. So we 
ought to gather courage to speak out clearly all 
the plain teachings of God's Word, even if we 
do not see the immediate fruits. They who live 
after shall see. " Ye are the light of the world." 
We ought to hold up the light that it may pierce 
the gloom around. 

Polo. 111. 




It is very gratifying to see the strong nations 
of the earth stop warlike aggressions and agree to 
refer their differences to an arbitrating conference 
as are England, Germany, and Venezuela doing. 
This in the light of a hundred years of progress 
in arbitration shows that the Bible is having a very 
strong influence in the world. Benjamin F. True- 
blood wrote in Sunday School Times of June 7, 
1902, on " A Hundred Years of International Ar- 
bitration." He says: "From 1800 to 1810 there 
were no cases of international difficulty settled by 
arbitration. War was then practically universal, 
and differences of any moment were, as a matter 
of course, appealed to the sword. During the sec- 
ond decade of the century, the decade rendered 
famous by the breakdown of Napoleonism, there 
were but three such cases. From 1820 to 1830 
there were five. From that time on the number 
of cases steadily increased, with fluctuations in 
the number per decade, until the decade just closed, 
when the cases reached the remarkable number 
of sixty-three, or more than six per year for the 
entire ten years. At the present time more than 
a dozen controversies are before international boards 
of arbitrations or commissions, most of which have 
been referred during the past year. 


In Five Parts.— Part Three. 

The people were glad for Wycliffe's Bible. It was 
not long until " copies passed into the hands of all 
classes of people. Even the sovereign himself and 
princes of royal blood did not disdain to possess a 
copy." Of course this was displeasing to the Papists. 
They claimed that " in this way the Gospel pearl is cast 
abroad, and trodden under foot of swine." In 1391 
a bill was sent to Parliament, but was defeated by the 
influence of the Duke of Lancaster. But what Parlia- 
ment would not do the state church attempted. In 
1408 a convocation was held at Oxford, at which a 
resolution was passed which " prohibited the trans- 
lation of any part of the Holy Scripture by any un- 
authorized person and for the reading of any trans- 
lation, made either in Wycliffe's time or since, until 
it, formally, be first approved." But these restrictions 
only increased the desire for the Word. People of all 
classes sought for it. All the resolutions of convo- 
cations and papal bulls could not stop that 
which was to lighten the world. So we find after Wyc- 
liffe's and Purvey 's time many who brought forth 
translations of the Bible, whole or in part, into the com- 
mon tongue of the people. And to the most important 
of these translators and translations we shall pay brief 

It was a hundred years from Wycliffe to the next 
great translation. But in this one hundred years two 
great events or periods had come to life. The first 
of these was the invention- of printing. The inven- 
tions of Coster, of Gutenberg and of Fust were being 
perfected, and about 1450 Fust printed the first Latin 
Bible. Immediately after, or almost concurrent with 
the invention of printing came the revival of learning, 
or rennaissance. Heretofore the Latin language was 
the " one and all " of English learning. An eminent 
English scholar has said : " Greece has risen from 
the grave with a New Testament in her hand." So 
from this time on there was to be a new era from many 
different standpoints. 

One of the most noted persons of this era as re- 
gards Bible translation is William Tindale. William 
Tin-dale was born near the borders of Wales about 
the year 1484. Brought up at Oxford, later going to 
Cambridge, he was noted for his pure and upright life. 
He early incurred the displeasure of churchmen be- 
cause of his " open and manifest Scripture." He trans- 
lated many versions of Scripture parts and in 1525 we 
find him at Cologne, Germany, overseeing the complete 
New Testament in press. Some priests here, after 
getting the printer drunken with wine, extorted from 
him the information that Tindale had three thousand 
copies of the New Testament almost ready for dis- 
tribution. The priests communicated this informa- 

tion to the authorities and Tindale had scarcely time 
to escape with the printed sheets to Worms, a more 
favorable city for the reformers. Here he was able 
to complete his work unmolested. For reasons of per- 
sonal safety he sent them out anonymously and many 
bought his book who never knew the name of the 
translator. The common people received them glad- 
ly when they arrived in England, but the church au- 
thorities took measures to suppress them by various 
plans, even making a public bonfire of all the copies 
they could lay hold of, both in London and in Oxford. 
But these acts only seemed to draw the attention of the 
people to Tindale's work, and so the work went on. 
He continued his work of translation until nearly the 
whole Bible had been put into the vernacular and 
printed. But Rome was uneasy. For the people to 
have the Bible was to lessen the influence of the priests 
and the power of the church. So intrigues were be- 
gun to put Tindale out of the way. He foiled them 
several times, and at last was betrayed in 1535 by a 
professed friend, and he was imprisoned in the Vil- 
vorde Castle in Belgium. His last prayer was, " Lord, 
open the king of England's eyes." On Oct. 6, 1536, 
William Tindale, hero, translator, martyr, was strang- 
led and his body burned to ashes, because he tried 
to give to the people the Word of God so they could 
read it for themselves. 

Had we space it would be a pleasure to follow up 
this great, good man's work and influence, but we for- 
bear, only giving a selection from his translation as 
found in Matt. 5:17, 18: "Ye shall not thynke 
that y am come to disanull the lawe and the prophetts : 
no, y am not come to dysanull them but to fulfyll them. 
For truly y say onto you tyll heven and erthe perysshe 
one jott or one tytle of the lawe shall not scape tyll all 
be fulfylled." 

Tindale's death did not stop the work of translation. 
It only stirred up the reformers the more. While 
Warham's Assembly in 1530 denounced and condemned 
Tindale's New Testament; they also stated that the 
king himself should have the Bible in' English, but 
not the people, as " it would tend to their further con- 
fusion." A few years after this we find Bishop Cran- 
mer presiding over a convocation in which a petition 
was presented to the king that "his majesty would 
vouchsafe to decree that the Sacred Scriptures should 
be translated into the English tongue by certain hon- 
est and learned men, named by him for that purpose 
by his majesty, and should be delivered to the people 
according to their learning." But nothing was ever 
heard of the petition afterwards. What became of it 
no one knows. 

But the man who was to bring forth an English 
version of the Bible was not to be chosen of a bishops' 
convocation or by the king of England. This man 
was Miles Coverdale. Born in Yorkshire in 1488, 
he was early noted for his piety and learning. He 
entered the Augustine monastery at Cambridge at an 
early age where he soon acquired a love for the Holy 
Scriptures. He thus wrote to Oliver Cromwell, with 
whom he seems to have had intimate acquaintance: 
" Now I begin to taste of Holy Scriptures : now, honor 
be to God ! I am set to the most sweet smell of holy 
letters." But Coverdale left the convent and allied 
himself with the reform party, and he was forced to 
take refuge in France and Germany. He met Tindale 
at Hamburg and " helped him in translating of the 
whole five books of Moses." Just how much help he 
gave is difficult to determine, as authorities differ. 

But whatever part he took in Tindale's work, he re- 
ceived an impulse for Bible translation that so quick- 
ened his zeal that by 1535 he was ready to present to 
the world the " tirst complete English printed Bible." 
We must remember that Wycliffe's translation was 
only in manuscript, and Tindale's printed translation 
was complete only so far as the New Testament was 
concerned. It is a matter of regret that so much of 
the history of this translation is a " matter of con- 
jecture." In size Coverdale's Bible was a small folio, 
printed in Zurich. The original title was as follows : 
" BIBLIA. the bible: that is, the Holy Scripture 
of the Olde and New Testament, faithfully and truly 
translated out of Douche and Latyn into Englishe. 

January ly, 1903 



For some reason, the English printer who secured 
the printed sheets for binding put away the original 
title page and substituted one of his own, omitting 
the words '" Douche and Latyn." He also added a 
" dedication to the king " and a " Prologue to the 
Christian Reader." The book proper was divided into 
six parts : Genesis to Deuteronomy ; Joshua to Es- 
ther; Job to Solomon's Ballads; Isaiah to Malachi, 
" including the apocryphal Book of Baruch." The 
Apocrypha, "omitting the Prayer of Manasseh,;" the 
.New Testament. Each book was accompanied by a 
summary of the contents of each chapter, briefly noted, 
something similar to the chapter headings in our 
modern Bible. 

Coverdale's translation may be considered as an 
improvement upon the work of Wycliffe and Tin- 
dale, largely because of the greater opportunity for 
learning which his age afforded. He also had the 
benefit of these authors as well as the Vulgate, Lu- 
ther's and the Zurich Bibles, as he himself says he 
" with a clear conscience purely and faithfully trans- 
lated this out of five sundry interpreters." The fol- 
lowing extract from Coverdale's Bible, Isaiah 53, com- 
pared with the language as found in Wycliffe's or Tin- 
dale's version shows the improvements or growth of the 
English tongue: " But who giveth credence unto our 
preaching? Or to whom is the arm of the Lord re- 
vealed? He shall grow before the Lord as a branch, 
and as a root in a dry ground. He shall have neither 
beauty nor favour. When we look upon him there 
shall be no fairness; we shall have no lust unto him." 
After many varied experiences, at home and in exile, 
he died, in 1569, aged Si years. 

Belief ontaine, Ohio. 


As compared with others, the Friends are a small 
body of people, but along some lines they exert a 
^-W-ide.. influence.. . They were mainly instrumental 
in creating the sentiment that made international 
arbitration possible. Among them are men of rare 
culture, men of education and mental strength, and 
they know how to use their influence to advan- 
tage. They have just issued a call for a conven- 
tion on the liquor traffic, to be held a little over 
three years hence. Their purpose is to set in mo- 
tion forces that will ultimately abolish the liquor 
traffic. If all the denominations were as aggres- 
sive in movements of this kind as the Quakers are. 
there would be few saloons in this country. They 
are to be commended for the stand they have tak- 
en in the interest of temperance. Here is the call: 

To the Various Christian Bodies in the United, States: 

Dear Brethren in Christ.— We are confident in the be- 
lief that the consensus of opinion of the professing Chris- 
tians of our land is opposed to the evils of the Liquor 
Traffic, and we find a want of co-operation in practical 
effort to give effect to this opposition because none of 
the propositions heretofore made has met the approval 
of the general judgment of Christian people. We rec- 
ognize that this is the case in our own body and we be- 
lieve it is likewise true of others. As a result, the Church 
exerts far less influence than it should to prevent the evils 
produced by this great cause of poverty and crime, and 
which, also, is a most serious obstacle to the spread of 
the Gospel. 

We are deeply impressed with the conviction that an 
earnest effort should be made to ascertain in what way 
Christians can exert a united influence in this cause, and 
by what means they may work together. Upon what prop- 
osition can we obtain a practical agreement? We frank- 
ly confess that we are not competent to solve the prob- 
lem, but we believe that by united inquiry and a prayerful 
seeking for divine enlightenment, with a willingness to 
approach, the subject with an open mind, the united 
Church may find a way by which we can serve the cause 
of Christ and the good of mankind in seeking the ultimate 
elimination of this stupendous evil. We, therefore, invite 
the governing bodies of the various denominations of 
Christians in the United States to appoint delegates to 
represent them in a Conference to be held in the city of 
Washington, to begin on the second Wednesday of March 
in the year 1906. The decisions of this Conference should 
be reached only in practical unanimity, and therefore it 
is unnecessary to indicate any limit to the proposed rep- 

We issue this invitation with an humble realization of 
the smallness of our body, as compared with many others, 
but we do it under a deep sense that this duty has been 
laid upon us and that God will use the proposed instru- 
mentality for the accomplishment of great good to man- 
kind and for the glory of His name. 

Believing that this proposition will meet with your ap- 
proval and practical co-operation, we have appointed 
James Wood, of Mount Kisco, N. Y., Rufus M. Jones, 
Haverford, Pa., Timothy Nicholson, Richmond, Ind.. Ben- 
jamin F. Trueblood. Boston, Mass., and Edmund Stanley. 
Wichita, Kans., with one additional delegate from each 
of eleven yearly meetings, to represent us at the Confer- 
ence. In the faith and love of Jesus Christ, we are your 
[Signed by direction of the Meeting.] 

Edmund Stanley. Presiding Clerk. 

Ellwood O. Ellis, Assistant Clerk. 

GOD FORBID.— Gal. 6: 


To Nancy D. Underhill; — 

Dearly beloved Sister, and servant of Jesus Christ. 
Often as I think of you, and thank God that we 
still have Tryphena and Tryphosa, and Persis, to 
"labor much in the Lord." Rom. 16; 12. 

No matter how eloquent Apollos may be, and mighty 
in the Scriptures, fervent in spirit and diligently 
teaching the things of the Lord, Aquila and Priscilla 
could help him to a higher conception of the Son 
of God. We still need such sisters, and, blessed be 
God, we have some who are ready to lay down their 
own lives for the glory of God. Rom. 16: 3, 4. 

Christianity is very sweet, and mild and gentle in 
dealing with sinners; yet it is the most intrusive, 
intolerant, uncompromising of all religions. It is the 
duty of every Christian, unceasingly to condemn sin 
in all its forms: not with bluster and passion, but 
with tears and heart-breaking entreaty. We can of- 
fer no peace to a lost world but the peace of God. 
which passeth understanding. Philpp. 4: 7. 

You are still engaged in the blessed work of soul 
winning. Wonderful is the work of creation! Twen- 
ty thousand million stars, suns and worlds -are now 
within the reach of our telescopes. But far more 
wonderful is the work of redemption. One soul out- 
weighs the world. Mark 8 : 36, 37. It cost God 
power to consummate his six days' work, but it cost 
his life to accomplish redemption. 

God was in Christ, and when Christ died for the 
sins 01 man, the divine in Christ gave value to his 
death, so that it would suffice for an atonement for 
the sins of the whole world. This is the Christ you 
proclaim to the people of Colorado. Do it faithfully. 
Let your life be your best sermon. John 1:4; Matt. 
5: 16. In him dwelleth all the fullness of the God- 
head bodily. .Col. 2: 9. May it also dwell in you. 
Eph. 3: 19. '"Be about your Father's business." 
Luke 2 : 49. What a beautiful mission to a lost world. 
" God so loved." SO. Truly " it passeth knowl- 
edge." Let us " walk worthy of God, who hath 
called us unto his kingdom and glory." I Thess. 2; 
12. In the fellowship of Jesus we are mighty. 
Philpp. 4: 13; 2 Cor. 10: 4. May rivers of living 
water flow out of your life to quench thirsty souls. 
John 7 : 38. 

Union Deposit, Pa. 



The following was written on the shore of Lake 
Galilee and mailed at Tiberias Oct. 22, 1902, but 
did not reach our desk until the morning of Jan. 
5. The communication was probably held quite 
awhile in Palestine before being sent away. — Ed. 

Oct. 22 was a beautiful day; our dragoman an- 
nounces that we are to have a delightful excursion 
on the Sea of Galilee. The sun was just peeping 
over the eastern tablelands across the rippling bos- 
om of the lake, cresting each wavelet with a crown 
of diamonds, when with our Bibles, camera and 
notebooks we follow our boatman to a splendid 

yacht manned by six stout young men. As the 
splashing oars speed us away the old walls of the 
ancient Tiberias lie in full view against the moun- 
tainside. This city is not mentioned much in the 
Testament, as it was founded in 22 A. D. (John 6: 
23). Sailing eastward we visit Gamala, then north- 
ward to Gadara (Mark 5: 1-15) ; thence north to 
Gcrgesa (Matt. 8: 28-34). We passed the mouth 
of the Jordan, a small stream of forty-five feet. 
Up to this point the eastern coast is lined with 
Bedouin tents of a wild, unfriendly tribe, although 
we got along very well with them. 

As we pass each place of interest we read the 
Scriptures relating incidents connected therewith, 
comparing land and Book. As we pa^s Chorazin 
we read her woes pronounced upon her by the 
Son of God, along with the woes of Capernaum 
and Bethsaida (Matt. 11; 20-24); and we had 
reached the place of John 6: 15-21 and were read- 
ing and commenting upon it when, all at once, in 
a single moment, a cloud came over Mt. Tabor and 
swept down upon Galilee without warning. Our 
boatmen, at the captain's stern order, fought like 
madmen against the wind to take in sail lest she 
should capsize. But not until we cast anchor and 
all hands helped was it accomplished. When the 
sail was safely rolled up and taken down, the boat- 
men lay to the oars against the tempest, and our 
little boat plunged and leaped as if with real life 
to gain a victory over the infuriated waves. We 
had to think of the disciples in the same place in 
a similar gale, and our Savior walking on the wa- 
ter, saying, "It is I; be not afraid." And while 
we did not see him walking on the sea, yet a^ 
our dragoman said, " If we need him, he is near." 
With the torrents of rain and lashing of the waves 
we got a good soaking; but our faithful seamen 
drove us between some friendly walls of stone at 
the ruins of Capernaum, and we sought shelter in 
a Roman Catholic monastery whose monk was very 
hospitable and offered his table while our drago- 
man spread us a splendid lunch, after which we 
had time to read of Jesus' works in Capernaum. 

Immediately in front of the monastery are the 
ruins of the synagogue where Jesus preached, many 
times. Me preached so many sermons here and did 
so many wonderful works, and yet it did not re 
pent. Matt. 1 1 : 23. 

The storm soon spent its fury upon the peaceful 
lake and the white caps left her bosom and all 
was peaceful, and we sang " Peace be Still " and 
sailed on to Bethsaida by the Plain of Gennesaret. 
where the five thousand were fed. Mark 6: 31-44; 
Matt. 14: 13-21; Luke 9: 10-17. Passing Magdala, 
home of Mary Magdalene, and Dalmanutha we 
neared our home landing and with our dragoman 
leading we sang: 

" Each cooing dove and sighing bow 
That makes the eve so blest to me, 
As something far diviner now 
It bears me back to Galilee 

" O Galilee, sweet Galilee. 

Where Jesus loved so much tn be! 

Galilee, blue Galilee, 

Come sing again thy snng to me. 

" Each flowery glen and mossy dell 
Where happy birds in song agree. 
Thro' sunny morn their praises tell 
Of sights and sounds in Galilee. 

"And when I read the thrilling loic 
Of him who walked upon the sea. 

1 long, O how I long, once more 
To follow him to Galilee." 

Sea of Galilee, Oct. 22. 



" 1 pray not for the world but for those whom 
thou hast given me." Jesus in John 17: 9. "And 
now, Lord, look upon their threatenings : and gram 
unto thy servants to speak thy word with all bold- 



January ij, 1903 

ness, while thou stretchest forth thy hand to heal, 
and that signs and wonders may be done through 
the name of thy holy servant Jesus." The apos- 
tles in Acts 4: 29, 30. 

The writer does not remember a single passage 
of Scripture indicating that Jesus or his apostles 
ever prayed God to convert anyone or directed 
others to do so. True, Jesus said, " Pray for those 
who persecute you." And Jesus prayed, " Father, 
forgive them, for they know not what they do." 
Stephen prayed, " Lord, lay not this sin to their 
charge." And Paul's desire and prayer for Israel 
was that they might be saved. Desiring and pray- 
ing that ways and means may be found for us to 
do certain desirable things is quite different from 
praying God to do the things that belong to us 
to do. There are certain things that Jehovah him- 
self cannot do without man's help. He has always 
done all he possibly could do for man's salvation. 
It has ever been his will " that all men should 
be saved, and come to the knowledge of the truth." 
Yet in the very nature of things there is no way 
for him to do this except as his Word reaches them 
through others. Hence the folly of praying God 
to so move upon the hearts of the heathen and 
the unconverted in our own land that they may be- 
come Christians, and at the same time we do noth- 
ing. Better begin farther back and pray God for 
wisdom and disposition of heart to go and supply 
their needs bv preaching the Gospel to them as 
the Master commanded, and by love and good works 
draw them to Christ. 

Much of the praying done for the heathen and 
for the unconverted in our own land, for the sick, 
the widows and orphans and for the poor, etc., 
seems to the writer as just that much time and 
breath wasted. Better begin farther back and ask 
God to help us so to relate ourselves to him that 
he can give us the much-needed wisdom and dis- 
position of heart to find a way to get the needed 
help to them, and then hustle out after it accord- 
ingly, and thus through love and good works win" 
them to Christ. " For if a brother or sister be 
naked, and in lack of daily food, and one of you 
say, Go in peace, be ye warmed and filled, and yet 
ye give them not the things needful to the body, 
what doth it profit? " James 2: 15, 16. Christ came 
not to be ministered unto, but to minister. Even 
so is it the business of his "church constantly to 
develop the work of ministering. For this pur- 
pose he gave some to be apostles; and some, proph- 
ets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and 
teachers; for the perfecting of the saints, unto the 
work of ministering, unto the building up of the 
body of Christ," etc. Eph. 4: II, 12. 

Suppose the managers of McPherson College 
would pray God so to move upon the hearts and 
minds of the yo-ung people in reach of their school 
that they would come to school, where they might 
he helped to the proper training needful in the 
work of ministering both to the bodies and souls 
of men. Their desire and purpose would be all 
right, but their p>ayer not a business prayer at 
all. Better ask God for the wisdom and energy 
and push necessary to make the school so good 
and helpful to the students now here that they 
would use their influence to induce others to come, 
and also use good business sense in advertising, 
and thus make the school known to others who 
have not heard of it. This would be the common 
sense, business way to pray for the success of 
the school. Even so the same business principles 
apply to every phase of the work of the church 
of Jesus Christ. 
McPherson, Kans. 



John Brown and his wife lived on a good, well- 
improved farm in the State of Ohio and were in 
every material Way very comfortably situated. Happi- 

ness and contentment had been theirs also, and that 
perhaps, too, to a degree above that of the average hu- 
man life in this world of discontent and sorrow. 
But as the children one by one came to maturity 
and went out into the world to do for themselves, 
John began seriously to study the advantages of the 
newer West and really to consider the matter of 
parting with his pleasant Ohio home and going West, 
where at the low prevailing prices of land he could 
buy enough to have all his children located imme- 
diately about him with a liberal acreage allotted to 
each one. He had made several trips into different 
parts of the West, and while he was not a man that 
could be carried off his feet with a sudden spurt of 
enthusiasm at every new and pretty thing he saw, 
yet it must be said that he came back from each 
trip really pleased with some things he had seen. 
The oldest son had told his father he would wait on 
him one more year, and if he had not decided by 
that time to " pull up " and go, he would take his 
little family and go anyhow, and he seemed really 
determined. The second son and a son-in-law seemed 
also to have considerable of a westward turn of mind. 
All this made John and his good wife think quite 
seriously. They often talked the matter over as they 
sat by the fireside in the evening. They figured this 
way: "If we make the change now, we can locate 
the children with us; if we wait a few years, they 
will go one by one, one settling here and another 
there, and we will become so scattered that we will 
seldom if ever get together again in this world." 
And finally they decided (they thought they did) 
that if they could sell the old home for $10,000, they 
would part with it and all together go West. 

Several months passed. The fact had become 
known, and was being commented upon in the neigh- 
borhood, that the John Brown farm was for sale. 
One morning a stranger drove up and halted in front 
of the Brown home and John went out to the gate. 
The stranger told John that he understood that his 
place was for sale, and if he cared to part with it 
now at the price he had named, he could execute the 
conveyance and leave it at the city bank, where the 
money would be awaiting him. 

This took John by surprise. It came at a time 
and in a way that he was not expecting it. He hes- 
itated and for a moment gazed vacantly into space, 
but could not quite conceal his feelings. He inquired 
of the stranger who he was, where he lived, etc., 
and was soon convinced that he was thoroughly re- 
sponsible and that his offer was made in the best 
of faith. He then replied, " I'll talk to my wife about 
it and will leave the word at the bank as to our deci- 
sion one week from to-day." 

" Very well," replied the stranger, and he drove 

John walked slowly into the house with a serious 
expression on his face, and told his good wife Mary 
what the gentleman's business was. And when the 
good wife heard this announcement and read John's 
countenance, she too looked as if she had lost a friend. 
But Mary, like many of her sisters, held the view 
that a matter to be thought of is a matter to be talked 
of, and she at once began to argue the question : 
" Really, after all, John, it looks foolish for people 
getting well on in years, as we are, to leave a pleas- 
ant home like this and go out to begin anew on the 
frontier. We might make a mistake. I think we'd 
better stay where we are. Perhaps if we altogether 
give up the idea of selling, and make the proper 
effort, we can induce the children to abandon the 
idea of going West." 

And John, thus provoked to speech, argued in fa- 
vor of the proposed change and the acceptance of 
the offer they now had. The conversation continued 
till each had produced, in a perfectly friendly spirit, 
however, all the arguments they could command. At 
last, John, despairing of otherwise having the last 
word, said, " Well, Mary, we have several days to 
decide in. Let's think the matter over." And he 
went out. There were a few panels of fence at the 
far side of the meadow that needed repair, and John 
went to attend to this, and as he went he thought. 

And as Mary went about her household duties she 
thought. They both realized that this question that 
involved so much to them was really on them and 
must be decided. 

Evening came and little more was said. They re- 
tired, meditated and slept. The next morning at the 
breakfast table Mary referred to the matter again, 
mentioning some points in favor of selling the farm 
that John had not thought of. Thus provoked to 
thought from another point of view, he argued her 
side and she argued his. It was late in the fore- 
noon before the morning chores were done, and still 
they had not arrived at a decision. 

That afternoon John went to the village and on 
the way met neighbor Jones and told him of the 
offer that had been made him for his farm and asked 
his advice. The reply was prompt and earnest: 
" Don't let twenty-four hours pass without accepting 
that offer. It's easy to find a country where you 
can do better than here. And that's $2,000 more 
than your farm is worth anyhow." 

John drove on, but had not gone far till he met 
neighbor Smith, who accosted him as follows: " Good 
evening', John, I understand you are about to sell 

" We are considering the matter," replied John. 

" You are very foolish," said Mr. Smith, " if I am 
allowed to offer a suggestion. The future of most 
of that undeveloped western country is very uncer- 
tain. You have a good home and good neighbors in 
a good country. A bird in the hand is worth two 
in the bush. Stay where you are," and they parted. 

As John rode on he began to feel that his ques- 
tion was a larger one and more difficult to decide 
than he at first supposed. And the longer this ques- 
tion went undecided, the more of a burden it became 
to John and Mary Brown. It occupied the thought 
of every hour and eclipsed every joy. Neither the 
light of the sun, the kiss of the breezes nor the mu- 
sic of the birds was to John and Mary what it had 
been before. They were unhappy. What made them 
so ? It was because they were borne down by the 
burden of indecision. They carried a load that they- 
could not be rid of until the question in hand was 
decided ; but as soon as it was decided they were 
happy. They finally agreed and said, " We will sell." 
And when this decision was reached they were hap- 
py. Why? Because the deed was made and the 
money in John's. pocket? No; they had simply de- 
cided, — done nothing more. But their minds were 
relieved, they had at last become fully convinced of 
what was the best thing for them to do. 

It's like the sinner. He begins to doubt as to 
whether he'd better stay where he is. The good Spirit 
draws him toward God. The devil laughs at the 
folly of his entertaining such thoughts and tells him to 
stay where he is. Days, perhaps weeks, pass. He is 
borne down with an unspeakable burden. If John 
Brown should be worried over such a question as his, 
is it surprising that the sinner should be overwhelmed 
with concern over a question involving his eternal 
destiny? What is the secret of his distress? It is 
the burden of indecision. He carries a load that he 
cannot be rid of until the question in hand is decided ; 
but as soon as it is decided he is happy. He finally, 
by the grace of God, fully decides and says, " I will 
arise and go to my Father." And when this decision 
is reached, he is happy. Why? Because he is at 
home in his Father's house? No. Because he is 
saved ? No. At this point a great many people sup- 
pose he is saved ; but he is not. He has simply decid- 
ed, — done nothing more. 

His happiness is simply the result of his now being- 
freed from the burden of indecision. He has fully 
made up his mind to enter upon that course that he be- 
lieves will bring him to where he wants to be, — in 
Christ, saved, — but he is not there yet. The trans- 
action is not complete. 

If John Brown had stopped and rested satisfied with 
the relief of mind that he experienced on deciding 
his question, he never would have sold his farm ; but 
he acted on his decision, he executed a deed and got 
the money, he actually sold his farm. 

January 17, 1903 



Dear friend, your eternal destiny is at stake. It is 
a question of the salvation of your soul. You go into 
a revival meeting. You become concerned. You 
carry a heavy load. Finally (it may be quite sudden- 
ly) you get relief. Your burden seems to roll away. 
You are happy. But are you saved? Some will tell 
you so. You may have been taught that such an 
experience means that you are saved. O be careful! 
You have only been relieved of the burden of inde- 
cision. You have only decided to be saved. The 
transaction is not complete. You have only decided 
to arise and go to your Father's house. It remains 
for you to get up and go. You must comply with the 
conditions upon which salvation is promised. 

Read prayerfully Mark 16: 16; John 3:5; Acts 2: 
38; 16:31-34; 22:16; Gal. 3:27; 1 P rter »■"■ 
Melvin Hill, N. C. 


BY A. I. MOW. 

The striker has become a common object. The 
^and of Liberty has incidentally contributed liberally 
to this class of citizens. How much liberty breeds 
selfishness is out of our province to decide. Its prop- 
agation is not limited to the industrial field. Labor 
strikes must have been very rare when Paul wrote to 
Timothy; yet he said, " The bishop must be no strik- 
er " We infer that the social and religious striker was 
• then well observed. And now, since the strike has be- 
come the common resort of the wage-worker, little 
notice is taken of the kindred attitude of the brother 
who takes an adverse stand to the counsel and de- 
cisions of his church. 

A question of general interest is presented for con- 
sideration, and, for private reasons, he does not raise 
his voice against it, and it passes the meeting and 
is thus legally in operation. He returns to his friends, 
those who seek his advice and leadership, or to his 
charge, and there he liberally distributes his mind, or 
worse, he, in the apparently most disinterested mood, 
speaks of the general lack of sympathy, and questions 
the ability of the workers to succeed and the worthi- 
ness of the enterprise. Thus he distracts counsel, 
alienates support and defeats the purpose. 

Paul says to the Christian, " No striker." Before 
ordination the church repeats, "No striker," and 
makes such behavior a record against his promotion. 
Some adept strikers have passed the crisis and dili- 
gently wield their genius. " A bishop then must be 
no striker." 

Brimfield, lnd. 

■ • 


many of our friends from the town, besides some of 
our own brethren and sisters. In the waiting room we 
were given strings of flowers about our necks and 
bouquets in our hands, as is the pretty Indian custom 
when friends come or go. Then several Parsee and 
Brahmin friends made speeches of welcome, ending 
with the wish that God would bless the work as he 
has done in the past. These speeches, some in English 
and some in Gujerati, were replied to by Brother 
Stover in Gujerati and Brother Emmert and Brother 
Lichty in English. 

Then with many salaams and hearty good wishes, 
we moved on toward home, some of us riding slowly, 
others walking. Soon we came up to a group of the 
orphan girls lining the roadsides, who joined us, sing- 
ing as we went. Further on we came up to a similar 
group of girls and afterwards to the boys, each group 
in turn joining us and singing, and soon we were at 

The yard with its trees and flowers looked pretty 
in the light of rows of lamps placed for the occasion. 
Here we all stood together while another song was 
sung, then bowing our heads, all joined in an earnest 
prayer of thanksgiving. 

A chorus of voices said, " Salaam!" the boys and 
girls filed to their houses, leaving us at home. 

It scarcely seems possible that we have been away 
so long. The time has passed so busily and so happily, 
yet there have been changes here that remind us that 
'a year has gone by. We have received inspiration 
and blessing from associations with so many dear 
friends and relatives. These we trust will make us 
more active and brave, more able to relieve our dear 
coworkers here, who have willingly borne burdens 
that we might enjoy the homeland. 

Are we happy at home once more? As I look out 
into the yard this afternoon and see the children busy 
at work, hear the busy hum of voices in the school, 
in the garden, in the weaving room, in the workshop ; 
as I look farther out on the road and see the people 
passing, many of whom are totally ignorant as to the 
Christ, I rejoice with a great joy that we are here. 
'May we be upheld by the power of his might, en- 
couraged by your prayers, aided by your gifts in push- 
ing forward in the work which our beloved Lord gives 
to you and to us to do. The earnest prayers of these 
children of heathen parents sound in our ears, beseech- 
ing God to strengthen and bless us, to bless those who 
in far-away America give of their means for the sup- 
port of the work, for those who still worship gods 
of wood and of stone, for themselves that they may be 
workers for God and live pure lives like Jesus.-yes, 
we are glad we are here, thankful to be- used in so 
needy a work. 

Bulsar, India, Dec. 9. 

1 » ■ — 


have no love for the gaudy trappings of Madam 
Fashion. For we read again, " If any man love the 
world, the love of the Father is not in him." I John 

2: 15. 

If we love God with the whole heart, there will be 
no room for the world. And if we have submitted 
to God. as James 4:7 tells us to do, we cannot serve 
this world, because Jesus says we cannot serve two 
masters. Matt. 6 : 24. Jesus could not save the world 
until he submitted his will to the will of the Father. 
Luke 22:42. And as there is no other Savior but 
Jesus (Acts 4:12). I can see no way by which we 
can lie saved, unless we allow our will to be merged 
into the will of the Father too. We all hope to be 
saved individually, but we must give up our personal 
choice, before we can reach thai high plane where we 
all hope to be when Jesus comes again. 



Liberty, in its highest sense, is living to honor God 
and benefit our fellow-men. It is the ability to do 
right, as defined in the Bible, tt is loving the Lord 
with all your heart, soul, mind and strength, and 
your neighbor as yourself. It is the privilege and 
pleasure of doing right. It is the highest, humblest, 
holiest, freest, happiest condition attainable in this 
world. It frees its possessor from sin and its doom. 
It opens the gates of paradise to the prayers, and 
brings the angels and the Holy Spirit down to help. 
The more you live as the Gospel directs, the greater 
your liberty and happiness and holiness. 




Our journey all the way was a pleasant one, yet as 
we neared Bombav our longing for home and loved 
ones in India increased, and the last few days seemed 
longer than usual. 

We arrived outside Bombay harbor at about eleven 
o'clock Friday evening, Dec. 5, and until the boat was 
in the dock it was several hours later. Then we fell 
asleep and early in the morning, when it was scarcely 
light, we were awakened by some one calling outside 
our door. Rising hurriedly, we were rejoiced to greet 
Brother Forney and Brother and Sister McCann, little 
Henrv and Sister Miller, who having had occasion 
to come to Bombay made it suit to come at this time 
and welcome us. 

How glad we were to hear that all were well ! How 
gracious the Lord has been to take us safely on our 
long voyage and return us to meet together once more. 
We remained until Monday in Bombay, which gave 
us time to arrange for our baggage and also to pur- 
chase some necessary articles. We reached Bulsar by 
the 10 o'clock train in the evening. As we neared the 
station, and caught sight of our house and the lights 
beaming a welcome our hearts swelled with praise and 
thanksgiving. On the platform we were greeted by 


It has become a question with us as a church, how 
to avoid drifting worldward? I see no better way 
than to raise the standard of life to a plane so high 
that our desires will be above the gewgaws of this 
world The truly consecrated heart is not seeking for 
anything of that kind. The purpose of the true heart 
is to glorify God in the body and spirit. Such per- 
sons seek to imitate Jesus in purity of life, they 
want their life to be in harmony with his. This is 
what the Holv Spirit will prompt us all to do And 
if we will yield to his entreaties we will succeed, and 

be a happy people. „•■-.( 

Paul says " As manv as are led by the Spirit of 
God thev are the sons of God." Rom, 8:14- And 
again, the ninth verse says, " If any man have not the 
Spirit bf the Christ, he is none of his." Let us think 
carefully on this line. Jesus made such a complete 
surrender of all that he did not reserve a pillow for his 
head. And why? 2 Cor. 8 : 9 says. " For ye know 
the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he 
was 'rich, vet for your sakes he became poor, that ye 
through his poverty might be rich." When we take 
, c 00 d look at ourselves from this standpoint, we will 



I , were idle indeed to dwell upon the thought that 
man is in a fallen state. As the voice of his brother 
Abel's blood cried from the ground unto God, so the 
chaos, sins and miseries of the centuries cry after us. 
So your inner consciousness, longing for a higher 
degree of happiness, a fuller, freer life, cries out 
against your imperfect nature; so the sacrifice of the 
Son of God, obedience to the making of which pur- 
chased (made) righteousness unto many (Rom. 5: 
19), cries unto the fallen being, calling him unto life 
and immortality through the Gospel. 

By noticing (Gen. 3:1-6), the steps in the fall are 
easily discernible, and in the hope that they will be 
helpful to us, that we may take neither of them. 1 
pen these lines. _ 

The first step in her sins was listening to slander 
aeainsl God. Satan's cunning here proves that he 
comes not always as a roaring lion, but sometimes 
ave, we know many times, as an angel of light; for. 
notice here he comes not in the form of a snake as we 
commonly think, but as a " beast of the field. Gen 
,., I need not tax my imagination to think of the 
serpent as a playful, harmless Eden pet, and as it stood 
near or lay by the side of Mother Eve what wonder 
and amazement must it have been to her to hear 
begin ,0 speak and slander God? mat wonder that 
she listened ? and what wrong to her listening . On 1> 
because it slandered her Creator. No man who wants 
to be a godlv man has a right to listen to such talk, 
though ,'( come from his nearest relaHve. It is too 
dangerous. Because it led to the 

Second Step, Doubting God's Word. 
I have never listened to a lecture by an infidel, and 
I thank God that I have not. I have read very M 
of such literature. We need rather to be shod with the 
preparation of the Gospel of peace. It was when 
Peter followed afar off that he fell into the compam 
of doubters and infidels. When among unbelievers 



January 17, 1903 

he denied his Lord, and there may be as much danger 
in our case as in his. 

Who will say he is stronger to resist doubt than 
Mother Eve if he listen to slander and infamy? The 
work of Satan may not be so manifest outwardly, but 
is just as dangerous and destructive eternally to the 
doubter as to the drinker. 

So the third step, looking at what God had forbid- 
den, was easily taken. " When she saw that the tree 
was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the 
eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she 
took the fruit," When she saw she took. Sight is 
said by some one to be the greatest physical blessing. 
With any great blessing comes the attendant great 
responsibility. So Eve did not sin when she doubted 
nor listened, but when she SAW. It was when Da- 
vid saw Bath-sheba that the one act was begun at 
which we look with pity and sorrow ; and so we need 
be careful at what we look, fearful that it will lead 
us into sin. And if the picture of the foaming glass 
of liquor make our mouth water, we must by all 
means not look ; if its smell entice us, we must stop our 
noses; if the noise of the music charm us, stop the 
ears, for these lead to the 
Fourth Step. Lusting for What God Had Prohibited. 

As God makes known himself in the Holy Trinity, 
so Satan here presents his antitrimty. 1 John 2 : 16 
gives it in the exact order presented by Satan : " All 
that is in the world," says the inspired writer, " the 
lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the pride of 
life." Thus came he also to our Savior. But Eve 
looked, then lusted, " and lust when it hath conceived 
bringeth forth sin." James 1:15. Here also Achan 
fell : *' When I sazv among the goods a goodly Baby- 
lonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver 
and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, I covet- 
ed them and took them." Josh. 7: 21. Looking leads 
to lusting and lusting to the 

Fifth Step, Disobedience. 
' tAs the crowning proof of our union with and life 
in God is obedience (John 14: 21), so the unmistaka- 
ble proof of our separation from him is disobedience. 
.Mother Eve might have listened, doubted, looked and 
even lusted for the fruit, and have not disobeyed; but 
when she took, then the disharmony began to pre- 
vail, and the offense had been committed ; and could 
she have looked down through the centuries and seen 
the misery, crime, shame, sorrow, death, how long 
would she have studied and how slowly would that 
arm have reached for the forbidden fruit ! But hold ! 
Blame her not, for every time we disobey the divine 
commandment the Eden scene is repeated by our- 
selves even though we be as conscious of the result 
as she. God cannot and will not look upon disobe- 
dience in any form, or of any sort, with favor. " If 
ye keep my commandments ye shall abide in my love." 
John 15:10. This is the secret of his favor. He 
wants us to ask of him, and ask largely, but always and 
ever " according to his will." 1 John 5: 14. To ask 
in any other way would be an attempt at disobedience. 


This were indeed a doleful picture, for while the 
promise of Satan was partly fulfilled in that they 
knew evil (they knew only good before), what was 
their gain? Instead of their sinless innocence and 
spotless purity, they know they are naked and sew 
fig leaves together for aprons to hide it. Instead of 
listening with joy for the voice of God, they 
hide and are afraid. Instead of the paradise 
Eden home, Adam was driven out to till the ground 
from which he had been taken. Surely the knowledge 
bought by sin is dearly bought. In " dust thou art 
and unto dust shalt thou return," was the sad decree 
of disease, decay and death ; in " the serpent shall bite 
thy heel." the decree of accidents, sorrow and pain; 
" In the sweat of thy face." etc., poverty, toil and dis- 

Notice also the effect upon the serpent. The ac- 
count of creation in Genesis knows nothing of snakes. 
Gen. 2: 19 gives a classification of beasts of the field 
and fowls of the air. Gen. 3:1 intimates that the 

serpent was a beast of the field ; also Gen. 3 : 14. So 
this argument, " On thy belly shalt thou go." Then 
it had not gone thus before. " Dust shalt thou eat." 
Then it had not eaten dust before. " I will put en- 
mity between thee and the woman." So enmity had 
not before existed. So the serpent by the curse fell in 
rank, structure and disposition. The ground also now 
brings forth " thorns and thistles " and must be tilled 
as a result of this one disobedience. The very at- 
mosphere is changed ; for the sad pair must have 
coats made of skins shapen by the hand of God. We 
look upon our creation as beautiful, — roses of red and 
white and pink, mountains lifting their snowy heads 
heavenward, waterfalls that rush and dash and sparkle 
in the sunlight; sunsets painted by heaven's hand it- 
self,— but one peep into the Eden world would doubt- 
less make us look in sadness upon our disorganized, 
sin-cursed creation. 

how great thy sin! Thy children all 

Thou didst lead the erring 

" Oh Mother Eve. 

may say, 
Thou wert my erring mother. 

Oh, Father Adam! Why shar'd'st thou the weakness of 

thy wife 
That in the bosom of thy sons sin ever should be rife?" 

All this proves that God hates sin ; and disobedi- 
ence to his Word shall not go unpunished, and calls for 
a remedy ; and how close it comes. In the same 
breath the Omniscient One breathes out the curse for 
disobedience and the promise of One to restore the 
heavenly harmony. Long centuries lapsed ere his com- 
ing, but he has come to satisfy the cravings of a sin- 
cursed race for peace with God. 


The picture of the fall had been indeed a miserable 
one had there been no remedy offered. But Rom. 5 : 
19, R. V., gives us hope and joy: " For as through the 
one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, 
even so through the obedience of the one shall many 
be made righteous." As Adam stood for the race and 
all men should be his posterity, then all men of him in- 
herited sin, a tendency to waywardness. The blood of 
the second Adam, Jesus Christ, could not be infused 
into the race as was the blood of the first Adam; " but 
when the fulness of time was come, God sent forth his 
Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem 
them that were under the law, that we might receive 
the ADOPTION of SONS." Gal 4: 4. 5 : also Rom. 

Now the adopted son still retains some of the char- 
acteristics of the parents, and the adopted son of the 
Father need not expect that no crosses will present 
themselves. His old nature will still try to assert it- 
self. " But I keep under my body, and bring it in- 
to subjection," said the tried apostle. 1 Cor. 9:27. 
So must the adopted son of our day. Dark and dank 
and doleful would have been this story of the fall had it 
not been for the remedy. Many mansions are in the 
Father's house, — one for every adopted son. " For 
since by man came death, by man came also the res- 
urrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even 
so in Christ shall all be made alive." 1 Cor. 15:22. 
Glory to God in the highest for his redeeming blood. 

Dayton, Ohio. 


1 Thess. 5: 14-28. 

Lesson for Jan. 25, 1902. 

Golden Text. — Hold fast that which is good.— 1 Thess. 
5: 21. 

In studying these epistolary writings we must not 
take them away from their original settings and pur- 

Paul had been at this city, had preached the Gospel 
to the people, received the believers into the fellow- 
ship of the Gospel and of Christ, and organized a 
church, but was persecuted and driven away by the 
unbelieving Jews. And as his converts were left with- 
out a shepherd, among the enemies of the Christian re- 

ligion, he was much concerned about their well-being, 
and did as any other interested party would do — he 
wrote letters to them, such as were especially adapted 
to their condition and needs. And, as is reasonable to 
suppose, had they been in some other city or place 
where the attending circumstances would have been 
different, the tone and matter of his letter would have 
been different. For example, if one of our brethren 
who had been with the church that was in Smyrna, and 
was now in Denmark, France and in India, were to 
write letters of advice and comfort to them, each 
letter would be somewhat different, to meet the differ- 
ent wants of the members at the different places. And 
so we must look at and study these epistolary writings. 

In writing to these brethren at Thessalonica, the 
first thing in our lesson is a note of warning, as the 
infant church then had, no doubt, among their num- 
ber some of this kind. They formed an element of 
trouble, as people of this kind always do, and they 
were to be warned of the danger in a course of this 
kind. Just in what way this warning was to be 
given he does not say, and it is well he did not. Be- 
cause, even to-day, we have those who would persist in 
following exactly the same course, which might be en- 
tirely unsuited to present conditions and peoples. In 
these things there can be no fixed rule. The love of 
Christ in the heart and the leadings of the. Spirit will 
always suggest the best way of doing such things. 

The feeble-minded were to be comforted. Prob- 
ably he meant such as w<;re not so well grounded in 
the faith and doctrines. As they had trials and perse- 
cutions to encounter, they would need encouragement 
and comforting words to keep them faithful and in 
line of duty. The weak were to be supported, who 
were not able to gain a livelihood, could not earn 
enough to give them a living. They would need help 
from their fellow-members. And those who were 
strong were to give succor and strength. The religion 
is an equalizing system. The strong and rich are to 
give ; the weak and poor, to receive, thus forming an 
average. This, of course, will admit of a spiritual ap- 
plication. But in all these cases we must not spirit- 
ualize too far. We cannot, in our religious doing, get 
away from the physical ministration. The Master fed 
and healed the physical, that the way might be opened 
to reach the spiritual. And so must we. Religion is 
loving. And loving takes in our neighbor. 

And then there are so many things to vex, irritate 
and weary. To allow these things to disturb and 
overcome us would unfit us to do the Christ work. 
Therefore he says, Be patient, not only towards the 
good and the strong, but towards all men. The pa- 
tient spirit is a jewel, highly to be prized; so few of 
us have enough of it. Yes, brethren, be patient. The 
fifteenth verse is a resultant of being patient. The pa- 
tient man doesn't get angry. And it is the angry, un- 
reasonable man that renders evil for good. 

The patient man also enjoys. He has a happy spirit. 
His eyes are open to the beautiful and the good and 
closed to the ugly, the mean and the bad. He basks 
in the sunshine of life and rejoices evermore. There 
is enough good in the realm of the Christ kingdom to 
give continual happiness and joy. 

Then. too. Paul was a man of prayer. He knew 
that the Lord's storehouse is inexhaustible, and he 
believed in asking for some of it in time of need. And 
as that is all the time, therefore ask all the time, be- 
cause we need all the time. 

Then, there are times that the Spirit moves with- 
in us. It speaks, it urges, it would lead. Its prompt- 
ings are strong. What will we do about it? He says, 
Don't quench it. Don't squeeze it out. Don't cover 
it over. Let it have free course. Follow its leadings 
and obey its promptings. 

Turn not a deaf ear to the voice of God as given 
through his prophets. He speaks for our good, edi- 
fication and encouragement. Hear ye him. and our 
souls will be blest. It is the good that we should be 
after, no matter where found. Therefore be a seeker 
— but as you see and find, retain only the good. Let 
the chaff go to the winds, but save the wheat. The 
lesson closes with an exhortation, study and obey. 

January 17, 1903 






I came to Jesus with my load 

Of guilt and direst sin, 
And asked of him for pardoning grace 

And hoped he'd take mc in. * 
I felt so peaceful in my heart. 

Much better than before. 
But some loved thing I hid away 

Just in behind the door. 


That shelf behind the door, 

That shelf behind the door, 
Go, tear it down, go, throw it out. 

Don't use it any more: 
For Jesus wants his temple clean 

From ceiling to the floor; 
He even wants the corner swept 

That's in behind the door. 

When first I sought this peace of mind 

I thought my way was clear. 
When Satan slyly wandered up 

And whispered in my ear: 
Those idols that you love so well 

You need not give them o'er, 
Go, put them on the little shelf 

That's in behind the door. 

So many people of to-day 

Profess to love the Lord. 
They say they're doing all God's will. 

And trusting in his Word. 
They never cease their singing. 

They do just as before, 
They've hid some darling idol on 

The shelf behind the door. 
Some use the filthy weed you know, 

Some take the social glass. 
Some follow up the theatre, 

Some wear the worldly dress; 
When first they had conversion. 

They said they'd give them o'er. 
But hid them on the little shelf 

That's in behind the door. 

Thou Pharisee and hypocrite, 

With heart and head so stout, 
The time is surely coming when 

Your sin will find you out. 
And when you come to judgment, 

And stand God's bar before, 
He'll point you to that little shelf 

That's in behind the door. 
Hope, Kansas. 



" The best boy story I ever heard." That was 
what a lawyer said of this story I am to relate to you : 
" We have had a good many boys with us from time to 
time," said Mr. Alden, the senior member of a large 
hardware establishment in Market Street, Philadel- 
phia, " as apprentices to learn the business, but the 
best boy we ever had is now with us and a member 
of the firm. He is the one man in the establishment 
we couldn't do without. He was thirteen years old 
when he was apprenticed to us, and was with us for 
eleven years, acting for several years as salesman. 
When he first came we told him that for a long time 
his wages would be very small, but that if he proved 
to be a good boy his salary would be increased at a 
certain rate each year, and as it turned out, when ac- 
cording to agreement we should have been paying him 
five hundred dollars a year, we paid him nine hundred 
and he never said a word himself about an increase of 
salary. From the very outset he showed that he had 
an interest in the business. He was prompt in the 
morning, and if kept a little overtime at night it never 
seemed to make any difference with him. He gradu- 
ally came to know where everything was to be found, 
and if information was wanted, it was to this boy, 
Frank Jones, that even-one applied. The entire es- 
tablishment seemed to be mapped out in his head, and 
everything in it catalogued and numbered. His mem- 
ory of the faces was equally remarkable. He knew the 
name of every man who came to the store to buv goods, 
what he bought, and where he came from. I used 
often to say to him. ' Tones, your memory is worth 

more than a gold mine ! How do you manage to re- 
member ? ' 'I make it my business to remember,' he 
would say. ' I know that if I can remember a man 
and call him by name when he comes into the store, 
and can ask him how things are going on where he 
lives, I will be very likely to keep him as a customer.' 
And that was the exact case. He made friends of 
buyers. He took the same interest in their purchases 
as he took in the store, and he would go to no end of 
trouble to suit them exactly, and to fulfill to the letter 
everything that he promised. 

" Well, affairs went on in this way until he had 
been with us eleven years, when we concluded to 
take him into the firm as a partner. We knew he 
had no extravagant habits, that lie neither used to- 
bacco, nor beer, nor went to the theater. He contin- 
ued as at the beginning to board at home, and even 
when his salary was the very lowest he paid his moth- 
er two dollars a week for his board. He was always 
neatly dressed and we thought it very probable that he 
had laid up one or two thousand dollars, as his salary 
for the last two years had been twelve hundred dol- 
lars. So we made him the offer to become a partner 
in the business and suggested that it would be more 
satisfactory if he could put some money into the firm. 
He immediately replied, ' If ten thousand dollars will 
be any object I can put in that much. I have saved 
out of my salary nine thousand four hundred dollars, 
and my sister will let me have six hundred.' I can tell 
you I was never more astonished in my life than when 
that fellow said he could put in ten thousand dollars, 
and the most of it his own money. He had never 
spent a dollar, or twenty-five cents or five cents for 
an unnecessary thing, and had kept his money in bank 
where it kept gathering interest. I am a great believer 
in the Bible, you know, and I always kept two pla- 
cards in big letters up in the store. One was this 
text : ' He that is faithful in that which is least, is 
faithful also in much,' and on the other, ' He that is 
diligent in business shall stand before kings and not 
before mean men.' And Frank Jones' success was the 
fulfillment of those two texts. He had been faithful 
in the smallest things as in the greater ones, and dili- 
gent in business. That kind of a boy always succeeds." 
said Mr. Alden. 

A small boy of ten, who had listened to the story 
with eager yes, as well as ears, said : " But we don't 
have any kings in this country, Mr. Alden, for dili- 
gent boys to stand before ! " " Yes, we do," laughed 
Mr. Alden. " We have more kings than in any other 
country in the world. We have money kings, and 
business kings, and railroad kings.'and land kings, and 
merchant kings, and publishing kings, and some of 
them wield an enormous power. This is a great land 
for kings." — Wide Awake. 


Child life insurance has been carried to a painful 
extreme in some parts of the country. One would 
hardly think that a mother could be induced to take 
the life of her offspring for the little money called 
for by the policy. But this is an age of money craze. 
Money-making is in the air, and even some mothers 
will murder their children for the bounty set on the 
innocent little creatures. 

In Philadelphia a wretched woman is in jail charged 
with the death of her three children from poison. 
Their lives had been insured for small amounts, and 
she was the beneficiary. Not long previously, a simi- 
lar case occurred in the same city, the inhuman mur- 
deress paying the extreme penalty of the law. Of late 
years, so many insured children have met mysterious 
deaths in the United States and other of the more 
" advanced " nations of the world, and so many crimi- 
nal prosecutions have been brought against suspected 
parents or relatives, that society is appalled. There 
is a cry for the abolition of insurance policies on the 
lives of children — a cry so insistent in England that 
Parliament has forbidden child life insurance altogeth- 

Recently a leading paper in New York contained a 
statement by Supt. E. Fellow Jenkins, of the Society 

for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, which was 
unpleasantly significant. Mr. Jenkins estimates that 
seventy per cent of the children in Greater New York- 
are insured, and he points out the incentive to mur- 
der, implied in no uncertain language. The society 
which he represents in .a high official capacity will 
press the passage of legislation similar to that which 
has been found salutary in England. 

Putting these things together, we may well ask in 
alarm to what pass mammon is bringing the age. 
Surely the love of money is the root of all evil. 


Mrs. Grant, the widow of Gen. Grant, died a short 
time ago. Many are the kind things said of her. It 
was in her own family that she shone most, though 
she was respected by all who knew her. 

In early life Mr. Grant failed in nearly everything 
that he undertook. His devoted wife observed this. 
and yet she did not neglect her part as a wife and 
mother. Finally Mr. Grant with his family, went to 
Galena. Ill, to work in the leather business as his 
brother's subordinate. The following is said to be a 
correct word picture of their landing: "Captain 
Grant (in his own army overcoat) took a couple of 
chairs in each hand and walked ashore, his wife, a 
small, alert woman, following with her little flock. 
There were four children— three hoys and a girl— all 
plainly but carefully dressed, the hand of the mother 
showing in all things." They took a tiny house on 
the edge of the town, getting it cheap, because several 
hundred wooden steps had to lie climbed to reach it. 
Lewis Crowley tells : " His son Fred was about mv 
age, and I was in and out of the house every day. I 
used to see Captain Grant come home, climbing up the 
hill, and then in the evening he used to sit and read 
to Mrs. Grant." At the bottom of the steep stairway, 
Hamlin Garland relates, stood a little Methodist 
church, and there Captain Grant, his wife, and their 
Rock of small children were to be seen almost as regu- -» 
larly as the deacons. He was not a church member, 
but she was, and he readily accompanied her. She 
kept the children neat, took care of her own house, 
and found time to "prink" herself and run to 'the 
ci\^ of the bluff to meet the captain everv evening. 


The carefully trained horse is the most faithful of 
animals. Some of them have been known to will- 
ingly risk their lives for their owners. The story of 
how a horse gave up his life to save a boy from 
freezing to death in a blizzard comes from Crook 
on the Julesburg branch of the Union Pacific in Col- 
orado. The boy tried to find his way home from 
his herd in the blizzard. He lost his way, and his 
horse alone fought a way through a blinding storm 
to a corral, where the ranchman was found. The bov 
was unconscious and frozen to his saddle. He was 
carried into the house and thawed out, but the horse 
died from the effects of its heroic battle. 



For Week Ending Jan. 31, 1903. 

1. Praise to Christ. Daily should the incense of praise be 
wafted heavenward. Ps. 72: 15; 34: 1: 50: 23; 68: 19; 
Philpp. 2: 9-1 1 ; Heb. 13: 15." 

2. Fervent in Prayer. " I cry unto thee daily." Ps. 86: 
31 88:9; 55: U: Luke r8: 1; Eph. 6: 18. 

3. Searching the Scriptures. The daily searching of the 
Scriptures by the Bcreans is an incentive to every be- 
liever. Acts 17: 11; 2 Tim. 3: 14-17; 2 Pet. 1: 21; 2 
Sam. 23: 2; Ps. 119: 9. tl. 105, 130, 160; John 10: 35. 

4. Exhortation. "Exhort one another daily." Heb. 3: 
13; ro: 25; Acts 2: 46, 47; 5: 42; Rom. 12: 8; 2 Tim. 
4: 1, 2; Jude 3. 

5. Watching. "Daily at my gates." Prov. S: 34; Mark 
13: 33-37: Luke 12: 37; 1 Cor. 16: 13. 

6. Taking up the Cross. Christ commands us to take up 
the cross daily, — an effort from day to day. Luke 9: 
23; Matt. 16: 24; Mark 10: 21; Gal. 6: 14; Col. r: 20; 
Heb. 12: 2. 

7. Withstanding Evil. Daily is there a warfare, a test of 
our power to endure. Ps. 56: 1, 2: Eph. 6: 12: 2 Tim. 

2- 3. 4- 



January 17, 1903 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 



D. L. Miu.BR. Illlooli. I Editora I J- H. MoORH, - - Office Editor. 

H. B Brumbaugh. Pa.. J Edlt °"' I GRANT Mahan, Associate- Editor. 

T. F. Imlhr, BusincsH Manager. 

jart^T, c«™««..- a.™i u«t: w. s. ix«~. *■.„«■.. 

n-ll business and communications intended ior the paper should 
be addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., and not to 
any individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, III., as Se cond-class Matter. 

The Brethren at Berthold, N. Dak., are to dedicate 
their new church next Sunday. 

The Brethren at Uniontown, Pa., have arranged to 
dedicate their new church Sunday morning, Feb. 15. 

Bko. Isaac Frantz closed his series of meetings 
at McPherson, Kails., with nine additions to the 



Lasi week Sister Alice Holden, of Waterloo, Iowa, 
was engaged with a class in vocal music in the Clar- 
ence church, Iowa. 

Bko. D. L. Mohler, of Leeton, Mo., is at this 
time engaged in a series of meetings in the Coon 
River church, Iowa. 

Bko. D. A. Rowland, of Polo, 111., is to locate at 
Ashridge, Wis., and give special attention to mission 
work in that part of the State. 

Bko. I. D. Pauker is said to be delivering some 
stirring sermons at Mexico, Ind. Eight have decided 
to accept the Lord and walk in his ways. 

The District Meeting of California and Arizona is 
to be held in the Colton congregation, Cal., March 20. 
The Ministerial Meeting convenes the day before. 

In the Brethren church there are at this time about 
2,760 ministers ; enough to turn a good deal of the 
world upside down were they all as active as they 
should be. 

Those who send marriage notices for publication 
should remit 50 cents for each notice. It is only now 
and then that this is omitted. 

About the first of March Bro. J. S. Mohler is ex- 
pected to move to Beatrice, Nebr., and give his at- 
tention to church work at that place. 

For the present Bro. Andrew Hutchison is at his 
home in McPherson, Kans. He thinks that he has 
received some benefit from his recent treatment in 
Kansas City. 

Bko. James T. Quinlan wishes the Messenger 
readers to understand that he is still at No. 122c 
Camden St., Baltimore, Md„ engaged in Bible work 
for the boys and girls. 

Bro. Samuel Bock and wife, of Dayton, Ohio, 
spent a few hours in Elgin last week. They were on 
their way home from Nezperce. Idaho, where they 
had. just a few weeks before, buried their only daugh- 

We have a limited number of the Sunday School 
Lesson Commentaries for those of our ministers who 
'.till send in their orders. We suggest that they do 
not delay too long. To our ministers the work will be 
sent for the cost of postage and packing, 16 ceuts. 

We are just in receipt of the Minutes of the District 
Meeting of Arkansas and Southern Missouri. Four 
papers go to the Annual Conference and Bro. H. J. 
Lilly is to represent the District on the Standing Com- 

On page 47, this issue, will be found a list of the 
Gish Fund books, and the terms on which these may 
be had by our ministers. These are the only books 
supplied by the Gish Committee, though we have 
others on the way. 

On account of a few cases of smallpox in a town 
a few miles distant it was deemed best to close the 
late series of meetings in the Painter Creek church, 
Ohio. The meetings were conducted by Bro. David 
Hollinger, -and the outlook from the start was most 

We have a few otherwise prompt correspondents, 
who, when sending church news for publication, fail 
to give the date of writing at the close of their re- 
ports. We have to refer to the postmark on their 
envelopes for the date. It is said that a hint to the 
wise is sufficient, and as most people like to he con- 
sidered somewhat wise, we may now look for the im- 
provement here referred to. 

In the essay department will be found a very in- 
teresting communcation from sister Stover telling 
about the landing of our missionaries at Bombay and 
the hearty welcome at their Bulsar home in India. 
After reading a letter like this one almost feels like 
closing his desk and going to the mission field. We 
are glad that the workers in India are so contented in 
their far-away field of labor. We know they are 
earnest workers and will do their utmost to help 
Christianize and elevate the people of India. 

In some way the address of Bro. Isaiah Rairigh, of 
Woodland, Mich., got changed in the Almanac to 
Clarksville, same State. Those having occasion to 
write Bro. Rairigh will turn to the right place in the 
Ministerial List and note the correction. A few mis- 
takes of this kind may have occurred. Hereafter we 
are to have a system of correction that will enable us 
to trace an error of this kind to its source. 

The Special Bible Term at the North Manchester 
College, Ind., is to begin Jan. 17-and continue two 
weeks. An excellent course of study has been ar- 
ranged. Bro. H. C. Early is to give instruction in 
the " Distinct Doctrines " of the church. His sermons 
each evening will be a very important feature of the 
term. For further particulars write Bro. E. M. 
Crouch, the president. 

The Brethren at South Bend, Ind., dedicated their 
church last Sunday. Bro. I. B. Trout preached the 
dedicatory sermon, and was also with them in the 
evening services. He reports that the Brethren have 
a very neat and commodious house, and of course they 
greatly appreciate it. It is what has been greatly 
needed for a number of years, and will prove helpful 
to the cause in that city. 

Bro. Daniel M. Click, of Tekoa, Wash., gave us 
a short call last week. He thinks that his section of 
the Northwest is a fine place for the Brethren to lo- 
cate. If all the apples grown in that part of Wash- 
ington are as large as the one left on our desk it must 
be a paradise for the lovers of fine fruit. Bro. Click 
went from here to Mount Morris, where he intends 
to remain a few months. 

We are receiving for publication some good re- 
ports from the District Mission Boards. We ought 
to~have at least two reports a year from each board. 
In this way they can let their churches know what thev 
are doing. We do not. of course, mean financial re- 
ports, or anything of that sort, but refer to the work 
going on in the different fields. The better the 
churches are kept posted, the more assistance are thev 
likelv to render. 

During, the approaching Bible Term at Huntingdon, 
Pa., Bro. M. G. Brumbaugh is to deliver a series of 
lectures on John's Gospel. All those who think that 
these lectures should be reported and brought out in 
book form will, without delay, write Bro. J. B. Brum- 
baugh, Huntingdon, Pa. Do not put it off one day. 
for he should know immediately. The Messenger 
votes in favor of reporting the lectures. 

Our linotype is just the thing when each line, as 
it comes from the machine, gets into the right place in 
the paper. But now. and then a line gets into the 
wrong pew, so to speak, and then there are things 
hard to understand by the ordinary reader, and es- 
pecially by the author of the article in which the mis- 
take happens to appear. For instance, on page 25. 
last column, the third line from the bottom is a tres- 
passer. It occupies the place of a line that was un- 
intentionally left out. We merely mention the inci- 
dent. It would take too much space to tell how mis- 
takes of this kind now and then occur. 

A report is going the rounds of the papers about 
two men engaging in a fight in front of the pulpit 
in the L T pper Deer Creek church, Ind. We have run 
the report down and find it to be incorrect. A trouble 
occurred on the outside of the church occasioned by a 
man attempting to disturb the Sunday School. Both 
the church and the community at Deer Creek greatly 
regret the reports that are being circulated. 

In a letter to this office Bro. S. P. Engle, of Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa., under date of Jan. 5, says : " Our Bible 
term is in session at present, with the largest attend- 
ance so far of any of the terms held in this place. 
Much to our disappointment, Bro. Young could not 
attend, but it seems as the Lord saw fit to strengthen 
Bro. I. N. H. Beahm, so that he is able to teach one 
period of forty minutes each day, and to say he makes 
it interesting for all who attend, is putting it very 
mildly. It is encouraging how he has improved. We 
are all thankful, and are looking forward to the time 
when he will be able to attend to the duties around 
the College. He has been getting around considerable 
of Sundays, and, when able, talks for ten or fifteen 
minutes and sometimes longer. The school is getting 
along very nicely, and the future looks bright." 


We once inquired after a certain congregation, wish- 
ing to know how it was prospering. The answer was 
something like this : ' The church is not getting 
along well, and is not likely to prosper until one of the 
elders dies." This was rather startling information. 
We had not expected that kind of an answer. Then 
we were told that the two elders did not work to- 
gether harmoniously, and that kept the church di- 
vided, one party pitted against the other. And so 
one of the elders must die before the Lord's cause can 
prosper ! We were led to think that under some cir- 
cumstances a man might be of more value to the 
Lord's work in the grave than in the pulpit. But it 
seems strange that a preacher has to get into his cof- 
fin before the congregation of which he is a member 
can prosper. We sometimes wonder if the Lord wants 
that kind of elders and preachers, men who cannot 
get along with each other, — men who divide and scat- 
ter the flock instead of keeping it together! Possibly 
we need not wonder, for it must be evident to every 
thinking man and woman that God has little use for 
this class of workers, especially if they propose to 
live that way until they get ready for the grave. Why 
not such men do like Abraham and Lot, separate? 
Why not do as did Paul and Barnabas, go to separate 
fields of labor? In that way they might accomplish 
some good and then go to their graves covered with 
honors. But as it is, the grave seems to be waiting 
for them, so the Master's work may move forward un- 


From the day that the Lord made clothing of ani- 
mal skins, for the first pair, to the present time, the 
people have been more or less concerned about the mat- 
ter of attire. Just now, how to dress, is a leading ques- 
tion both in the church and out of it. The different 
denominations in turn have given the subject some 
attention. Even the Methodists in one period of their 
history, found it advisable to make a decision in their 

January \J, 1903 


conference on the side of plainness. The Quakers, the 
Mennonites, the Brethren and others have repeatedly 
considered and passed on the question. 

It is one of the questions that seems not to have 
greatly annoyed the churches in the time of the apos- 
tles. In the New Testament very little is said having a 
direct bearing on the manner of Christian attire. In 
those times the styles did not change as now. The 
apostles did not have to insist on a special form ; 
there was no occasion for it. They taught the mem- 
bers to attire themselves modestly, becomingly and 
plainly. That is all there was of the dress question 
in their day. and that is probably all there was of 
the same question when our first Brethren inaugurated 
their reformatory movement in Germany and America. 
If all the members of the different churches were dis- 
posed to exercise a little good common sense along 
this line that would doubtless be the end of any further 
controversy. If each brother and sister would en- 
deavor to attire himself or herself modestly, becoming- 
ly and plainly, no queries on the dress question would 
ever need to be considered in our Conference. Fur- 
thermore, if there were no special efforts upon the part 
of the leaders of fashion to go beyond all reason, and 
even taste, in urging the adoption of the continued 
changes in attire, there would also be little occasion 
for the Messenger to have to say even one word on 
this annoying question. 

The Brethren have fallen into a form that it has 
been our pleasure to observe, and we have in a number 
of instances found it advantageous. But even this 
form would never have been thought of if the apostolic 
simplicity had been sincerely carried out by all the 
members. And even amid the unfavorable surround- 
ings we believe that this simplicity might still be 
carried out independent of a specific form, were the 
members of the body of Christ as much disposed to do 
the right thing as they seem to have been in the time 
of the apostles. For years the Brethren have been 
endeavoring to employ a form, as an aid in encourag- 
ing the New Testament modesty and plainness. In a 
measure we have succeeded, but there are not a few 
who are taking advantage of this form, and have 
adopted just enongh of the most fashionable things of 
the world to make the form seem ridiculous and en- 
tirely out of place in the estimation of sound thinking 
people both in and out of the church. The two do 
not go together, and anyone ought to be able to see 
it. The mere form is not sufficient. In the dress 
question there is something more important than any 
specific order. A fixed purpose in the heart to carry 
out the New Testament order of simplicity is what is 
lacking in far too many of our members. Without 
this fixed and deep-seated purpose, form is of little 
consequence. But with this conviction Christians can 
and will attire themselves as becometh holy men and 
women. This conviction is what kept the question 
settled in the time of the apostles, and nothing short 
of the same conviction is ever going to put the same 
question at rest in the Brethren church. What we 
need is fully and thoroughly to convince our people 
that in attire they should be noted for modesty, pro- 
priety and simplicity, and then we need no more disturb 
the Conference with form. Get pride out of the heart, 
let reason and a love for simplicity take its place, and 
the whole problem will be solved. But just how to 
do this is the real problem. We are certain that it 
cannot be done at Annual Conference by piling one 
decision on the top of another. There must be an- 
other way of getting at it. We must get at the heart. 
We must bring about the conviction, and until this is 
done all other efforts must prove a failure sooner or 
later. The purpose of this communication is not to 
oppose form, but to get behind it, to get to the heart. 


As we write this number for the first time we are 
made to think of what this change means to our world 
of millions and millions of peoples. The old business 
stamps, letter heads and all dated documents adapted 
to last vear are now relegated to the loss account. 

They are obsolete, dead and of no value. The old 
diaries are filled. The last page has been written, and 
will now be laid away. Inventories have been taken, 
bills paid and accounts settled, and a new start has been 
taken in the business world. The change made has 
been a stupendous one. beyond conception. The step 
over into the new year has been made under most fa- 
vorable conditions. The nations of the world are at 
peace and largely in prosperous circumstances. Labor 
is plenty, at fair prices, so that all, by being temperate 
and economic, are able to live comfortably and be 
happy in their home life — with bright prospects for 
the future. 

The past year has been one of unusual production 
in all the known industries. The manufacturing and 
producing world lias broadened out to wonderful pro- 
portions. New industries by the hundreds and thou- 
sands have been started, while old plants that have 
been idle and dead for years have been resurrected and 
taken new leases of life. The great chimneys that 
stood in blank silence as memorials of lost energies and 
lost capital are now making the world dusky with the 
volumes of black smoke that issues forth from their 
tops. On every hand, everywhere, are the sure indi- 
cations of life, growth and prosperity in the business 

In the educational world we have had equal evi- 
dences of prosperity and growth. Our schools, acad- 
emies and colleges have been well filled with students. 
And the men and women of means have been growing 
in liberality towards supporting institutions of learning 
in the way of direct giving for better buildings, fur- 
nishings and endowments. And we are glad to say 
that this spirit of giving has been no more evident than 
among our own people. They are beginning to see 
that the hope of our children and the church depends 
on the kind of education they are to have. And to 
have the kind of education needed we must patronize 
and endow our own schools. 

The church, while perhaps it has not made the spir- 
itual advance that we all have desired, has made rapid 
strides in giving financial support to the work. The 
missionary spirit has wonderfully grown among us. 
And as this spirit grows in our hearts the needed help 
will follow. A missionary church means a consecrat- 
ed membership. And this consecration means all 
we have belongs to the Lord and is pledged to the 
carrying and extending of his work. In this direction, 
thank God, we are growing encouragingly. And may 
we not hope that for the year nineteen hundred and 
three wonderful and blessed things will happen ? 

Another encouraging growth has been in the di- 
rection of caring for our poor and the erection of chari- 
table institutions and more suitable churchhouses. 
Many of our Districts have built comfortable homes for 
our poor, aged and infirm members. These are being 
well supported and cared for, so that the declining 
years and last days of the homeless are made home- 
like, as they should be. As these grow in number 
among us and bless the church, other charitable insti- 
tutions will follow,— a home for our superannuated 
ministers and hospitals in our cities for the special care 
and treatment of our sick, etc. 

In seeing these things as we look forward, we do 
not wish to be considered too optimistic, as we have 
not gone beyond reasonable possibilities, nor beyond 
our reasonable duties. We must learn, more and 
more, that the things and means which we have are 
not our own, but of the Lord; that we are only stew- 
ards, and that we should use all we are and all we 
have to the Lord's work, in carrying out his jiaposes. 
We shall not discuss whether or not the world is 
growing better, but this we do know, that we, as a 
church, enjov greater possibilities on this New Year's 
day of nineteen hundred and three than were ever en- 
joyed before by us as a church. The fields of the 
world, for doing the Master's work in saving souls, 
are practically open before us. And the voice of the 
Lord to us is, '"Go y.c." Will we go? Will we oc- 

But what does all this mean to us as we enter 
this new vear^ What is it that we need to do most? 

Face the responsibilities that meet us, and utilize our 
possibilities. We should not be continually reaching 
out after the large things that are away ahead and, 
perhaps, never to come within our grasp, but lay 
hold of the things next to us whether great or small. 
The Christ life was a life of doing the common things 
as he met them in the home life of the people. And 
we can do the Christ work in the same way. 

Awhile ago our doorbell rang, and as we opened 
the door an aged man stood before us. In his hand 
he held spectacles without glasses. " My friend, will 
you not give me a little money that I may buy glasses 
for them?" We looked at him for a moment and 
asked: "You don't drink, do you? "O no, my 
friend, I am too old to do that, and, besides, I would 
be a bad man to take money from so good a friend 
and waste it in that way." 

So, we thought as we looked at the wrinkled face, 
the stooped shoulders and the gray hairs, — and we 
gave him some money — and received his blessing — 
" God bless you for your kindness to a poor old 
man — thank you, thank you " — and he walked off, ap- 
parently happy. And then we thought, What a pity 
if, after all. this poor man was telling the untruth. 
Not a pity that we lost a little money, but a pity that 
an old man, ready to pass into the heyond, should per- 
jure his soul and barter away the hope of salvation 
and the heaven of the poor for the sake of gratifying 
;i little bit of fleshly lust ! It was our first giving, in 
Ibis way, for the new year; and our purpose was to 
do him good. But in our desires to do these small 
alms, such are some of the cases which puzzle. But 
give to him that asketh — and give the suppliant the 
benefit of the doubt. We may, in this way, give to 
angels unawares, though we are forced to feel that 
such angels are few and far between. 

Hut, in a larger way, there are subjects for our 
giving about which we need have no doubts. To 
these we can give with assurance that the Lord will 
be pleased, ami thai in the doing of it we can lay up 
treasures in heaven, in a bank that pays compound in- 
terest and is entirely safe. Investments of all kinds 
are daily flung into our faces, and wc are anxious to 
invest in sure places. But they all have in them the 
element of risk. We may lose. And, if good, we 
may die before realization. Why not, as we enter 
the new vear, make larger investments that will not 
fail us, but be an eternal source of richness that will 
have no ending? H, 'B. b. 


Some months ago a German Baptist minister and 
a lady missionary were found dead in the vestibule 
of a church in Omaha, Nebr., under rather suspi- 
cious circumstances. By " German Baptist " the 
Brethren church is not meant in this instance. Refer- 
ence is had to a Baptist church, where the German 
language is used. There is a church of that kind 
here in Elgin. They call themselves the " German 
Baptists," while we are known all over the city as 
the " Brethren." But referring again to the church in 
Omaha ; the people who were wont to worship there 
have gradually fallen away. There is talk of tear- 
ing the house down or removing it. 

Since the tragedy those members of the congrega- 
tion in whom is a vein of superstition have talked of 
the wrath of God in connection with the death of 
the minister and the missionary. Little incidents of 
which nothing would have been thought ordinarily 
have been seized as a foundation for their arguments. 

The Bible which had been found under the woman's 
head and a dozen other happenings connected with 
the finding and the burial of the bodies went far to 
bring them to the belief that something mysterious. 
unknown, had caused not only the death of Mr. Rabe 
and Miss Busch. but had cast a pall over the entire 

Then, too. stories have been told about the church 
people who live near it, which make the superstitious 
shiver and look upon the little structure as something 



January 17, 1903 


Strange sounds issue from its dead walls in the 
late hours of the night, they say, and once a light 
was seen to flash from a window. There are persons 
who have never passed to their home on the side of 
the street on which the church is since the dead bod- 
ies were found. 

" I have not tried to advise the people of the Ger- 
man church when they have asked me," said Rev. 
Thomas Anderson, of Calvary Baptist church, who 
preached the sermon at the funeral of Miss Busch. 
" Superstition and dread will have their own way and 
the people of the church must judge for themselves. 

" I know that the services are very poorly attended 
since the tragedy, and if any action is taken soon to- 
ward the building of a new church or joining with 
some other one, I think it will be the direct outcome 
of the death of the pastor. I know that the people 
do not desire to worship in the church any more on 
account of the associations that cluster about it." 


The higher critics, who maintain that the first five 
books of the Old Testament show a higher grade of 
literature than actually existed in the time of Moses, 
and for that reason Moses could not have been their 
real author, must now take a back seat. " A code of 
laws, numbering 2S0, has been discovered antedating 
the work of Moses fully eight hundred years. The 
literature of this code compares favorably with that 
found in any of the early books of the Bible. 

The discovery is a remarkable one, and will form 
the basis of new and far-reaching investigations. A 
large stone, containing the code here referred to, has 
been unearthed among the ruins of Susa, or Shushan, 
the home of Queen Esther, and the place where Nehe- 
miah at one time served as cupbearer to the king. 
This stone dates back to the time of Hammurabi, who 
was king of Babylon fully 2,300 years B. C. He is 
presumed to be the " Amraphel, king of Shinar," 
mentioned in Genesis 14, who led the army that cap- 
tured the cities of the plains, in the days of Abraham 
and Melchizedek. He established a great Semitic em- 
pire and made Babylon his capital. His great empire 
covered all the known East, from Persia to the Medi- 
terranean Sea. 

In a general way he seems to have been a wise 
and prudent ruler, and did much for his people. On 
his way to Egypt, in early life, he probably passed 
near Jerusalem, for the great highway between the 
fertile valley of the Euphrates and the rich valley of 
the Nile missed Jerusalem only a few miles. It is 
possible that he may have met Melchizedek, who then 
presided in Salem, a part of Jerusalem, and for some 
reason was known as " king of righteousness," as 
well as " king of peace." We are led to this conclu- 
sion by the fact that he calls himself the " King of 
Righteousness." He may have borrowed the title 
from Melchizedek. 

His code of 280 separate laws must now be regard- 
ed as the oldest set of civil regulations in existence. 
These laws may have been framed by him, or a part 
of them may have come down from former genera- 
tions. They indicate a very high order of civiliza- 
tion, with a purpose of rendering justice between man 
and man. Here is one, numbered 196, that reads 
very much like Old Testament times : 

" If any one destroys the eye of another, his own 
eye shall be destroyed." 

Code 200 is similar in spirit : " If one breaks out the 
l teeth of another of the same rank, his own teeth shall 
I be broken out." 

There are laws governing the surgeons. This is 
I the reading of No. 218: "If the physician makes an 
I operation with the knife and kills his patient: or opens 
la tumor with the knife and the eye is destroyed, then 
M his hands shall be cut off." 

This shows that there were surgeons in those early 
■ centuries who used the knife quite freely. Further- 
^ more, there were laws regulating physicians as well 
as others. The code settles the wage question, desig- 
nating the price of labor by the day or bv the vear. 


The laws regulating marriage and inheritance are 
very minute, indicating that the morals of the people 
received proper attention upon the part of those whose 
duty it was to exercise authority. 

The code of itself is an exceedingly interesting 
study. It shows in what way, and by what laws the 
people of this empire were governed fully eight hun- 
dred years before the first line of the Bible was writ- 
ten. It further shows that even before the time of 
Abraham wise legislation was considered highly im- 
portant and that the good of the human race was kept 
in view by at least one of the great kings. So com- 
plete is this code, and so wise are some of the regula- 
tions, that one is led to wonder at the keen sense of 
justice that prevailed in this remote period of the 
world's history. 

King Hammurabi was honored and highly respect- 
ed by his people. He gave them peace and prosperity. 
He gave them a code of laws that appear to have been 
wisely adapted to their conditions and their surround- 
ings. He then created monuments, recorded his 
laws, as he thought, in the imperishable marble and 
asked all coming generations to remember him and 
preserve his laws. He wanted his name to come down 
to succeeding generations as the " king of righteous- 
ness." By the critics and the Bible students this code 
will be taken up and carefully compared with the laws 
left on record by Moses. The comparison is likely to 
lead to some very vigorous discussion, for it is a sub- 
ject of far-reaching importance. And as we ponder 
the question we are led to ask, Is it too much to hope 
that the spade will yet bring to light a code still older 
than that found among the ruins of Shushan ? What 
if something of the kind should be found dating back 
to the time of Noah? So far nothing has been un- 
earthed to contradict the historical records left by 
Moses, and the careful Bible student has no fears of 
anything of the kind. Even from a human stand- 
point Moses knew what he was doing when he gave, 
in brief, the history of the world. He may have read 
not only the code of laws left by the self-styled " king 
of righteousness," but he may have read every ancient 
history of the ancient world then in existence. There 
is much food for' reflection in these remarkable discov- 
eries, and the Messenger is watching them with the 
deepest of interest. 


In answer to this question the S. S. Times says : 
What is meant by the word " reliable " ? If it is 
asked whether the works are as trustworthy in all re- 
spects as are the works of an inspired historian, the 
answer must be given that they are not. Neither can 
this be said of any other ancient or modern historian. 
Not all historians of to-day know the difference be- 
tween hearsay or myths and veritable history. But 
the historical works of Josephus have their value, and 
a well-informed scholar must be familiar with them. 
Flavius Josephus was born in Jerusalem a few years 
after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. His mother was 
of the royal family, from whom came the Maccabees. 
His father was of the priestly family, from whom came 
the pontiffs. At one time he was one of the Essenes, 
and again he was a Pharisee. At times he was in fa- 
vor with Rome, and again he was opposed by it. 
His writings show in some things a bias toward the 
Greeks; in others, toward the Romans; in others. 
toward the stricter Jewish political party. His name 
Flavius was taken out of compliment to the Roman 
Emperor. His principal works are the " History of 
the Jewish War," and the " Antiquities of the Jews." 
Written first in Greek, or in Syro-Chaldaic, they have 
been translated into Latin and many modern lan- 
guages. From the beauty of his style he has been 
called the " Grecian Livy." He had many sources of 
information outside of the Hebrew Scriptures. 


The Southern Churchman, of Richmond, Va., un- 
der the caption " Misuse of the Pulpit," makes some 
very pertinent remarks in regard to the habit of cer- 

tain preachers in discussing " current events," time- 
ly topics, etc. The Churchman declares that the Epis- 
copal church itself is no longer free from this growing 
evil. In Richmond, of late, many of the ministers 
seem to have given a good deal of their time in the 
pulpit to discussion of municipal affairs, and there 
has been considerable criticism in regard to this, both 
from laymen and clergy. This is only another proof 
of what the Scriptures say about the coming time 
when men will not endure sound doctrine, but after 
their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, 
having itching ears. One needs only to look over the 
local papers to see how the pulpits are neglecting 
the religion of the cross in order to give special atten- 
tion to the things that pertain to the world. The Mes- 
senger does not urge the Christian minister to turn a 
deaf ear to the moral interests of his community, but 
he should at least keep out of politics, and under no 
circumstances should he fail to give due attention 
to the gospel ministry. By mixing up with the affairs 
of this world ministers often lose their influence with 
the more pious part of the community. 


It was my privilege to read the manuscript of Bro. 
Stover's book while he was preparing it for the press. 
I regard it as one of the most valuable additions to 
the literature of the land of idols and idol worshipers 
that has appeared for a long time. It is written in 
the author's crisp, clear, forcible style, in words all 
may understand. There is not a dull line in the 
bool , and the reading is a pleasure rather than a task. 
Seven years' residence in India has well qualified the 
author for the work of telling the story of India and 
its wonders, and he has told it well. 

In the rich profusion of illustrations author and 
publishers have left nothing to be desired. The book 
will sell and live, for it is written on a live subject 
and every page is in evidence as to the living person- 
ality of the author. Every member of the Brethren 
church should have a copy of the book, and it will 
have a large sale outside of the church. d. l. m. 


Writing from Bellefontaine, Ohio, under date of 
Dec. 29, Bro. John R. Snyder says: "A happy New 
Year to you all. We realize the fact that your posi- 
tion is one not to be envied. Doubtless you have cares 
and perplexities that the average reader knows noth- 
ing of. May the Lord give you grace and grit for 
another year's work. The Messenger the past year 
has been better than ever. It has had in it more con- 
structive Christianity — more of that kind that builds 
up. I know your labors are being appreciated more 
and more. There is less unjust criticism. I know 
you do not object to criticism when given in right 
spirit. May you have the support the coming year 
your efforts warrant, and may God's blessing so at- 
tend your labors that his name be exalted and the 
church strengthened." 


Is it right for members to purchase for their children 
Christmas presents and then send them to one of the pop- 
ular churches to be hung on the Christmas tree? 

The Messenger would say that conduct of 
this kind is wholly unbecoming members of the Breth- 
ren church. We do not understand why members t 
who have come out from the world should want to 
become a party in the Christmas tree performances, or 
to have their children led away after that manner by 
the other churches. It is a most excellent way of 
educating children to fall in with the work of other 
churches, instead of being won over to the Brethren 
church. We would earnestly admonish parents to 
take their stand against all conduct that tends to lead 
their children away from the true gospel simplicity. 
Buy presents and give them to your children. This 
is all right, but do not let these presents be the means 
of leading your offspring astray. 

January 17, 1903 



Genera) Missionary and Tract Department 

D, L. MlLLBR, 

L. W. Tbbtbh. 

A. D. Baknhart. 


Address all business to 
Qeneral Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin. III. 

* , * 

* The next regular meeting of the General Mission- * 
& ary and Tract Committee will be held in Elgin, 111., * 

* March 10, 1903. Business intended for this meet- * 
•J* ing should be in the files of the Committee not later * 

* than Feb- 24. •> 

* * 


A brother who is deeply interested in missions has a 
plan whereby he thinks this amount can be raised. He 
writes: " It seems- to me that our Brotherhood should 
raise at least one hundred thousand dollars missionary 
money yearly. I think it could be easily done, in this 
way: I believe there are ten thousand that can give fifty 
cents a month yearly. This should be done at the be- 
ginning of each month. This would make sixty thou- 
sand dollars. And an equal number could give twenty- 
five cents a month in the same way. And those who 
could not give twenty-five cents could give ten cents a 
month. And those who do not feel able to give ten 
cents a month could give five cents, and some even less. 
This should be laid away at the beginning of each month, 
f have tried it. I can give fifty cents a month in this way 
without knowing that I gave, and without sacrifice at the 
end of the year." 

Our brother has given us something to think about. 
The amount seems large for us to raise, and yet when 
we consider how little effort it would require on the part 
of each one it is impossible to find any good reason for 
failing to contribute that amount. , There are more than 
ten thousand among us who can well afford to pay six 
dollars a year to help send the Gospel to those who 
have it not. The reason it is not given is that most peo- 
ple have no system in giving. The Lord's work is the 
last to receive attention. No effort is made to compare 
what is spent for self with the amount given to him who 
owns us and all we have. And the result is that the cause 
suffers, the coming of the kingdom is delayed, and we 
miss the great blessing ever ready to be bestowed upon 
those who bring to the Lord as he has prospered them. 
The extent of the loss is inconceivable to finite minds; 
but there will be a realization of it — with great sorrow, 
even weeping and gnashing of teeth — when we stand be- 
fore the Judge in the last day. 

But love for him who first loved us, not fear, should 
induce us to labor for him. " Love seeketh not her own." 
Can your love stand this test? Can mine? Judging from 
what we do for the Lord and give to his cause, can it 
be said of us that we love him with heart, soul, mind 
and strength? The plan suggested here is a good one, 
and it is to be hoped that we will make an effort to give 
at least that much. No one would feel any burden, and 
the Light could be given to so many more people. Sure- 
ly it is worth while to try it. An earnest effort would 
accomplish the desired result; and after once experi- 
encing the blessed results coming from the gift, we should 
not be satisfied to come back to our present way * of 
doing. Will we not prove the Lord at least once and 
see whether he will not pour out upon us such "a bless- 
ing that there --hail not be room enough to receive it"? 

G. M. 

«> <3> 3> 


In western Pennsylvania last winter I saw two church- 
es, a Lutheran and a Reformed, built on opposite sides 
of the road, in a lonely country place. Both were prac- 
tically alike in size, shape, spire and all, and I asked in 
astonishment if this were a specially religious or irre- 
ligious point. Seriously, if churches dotted all over the 
land stand for religion, two churches on opposite sides 
of a country road stand for a fight, — past, present or fu- 
ture, — it means fight. And it doesn't take a prophet to 
see it. In my heart I said, "These churches are rightly 
named, — Horner churches." 

I fell to thinking. Near Bulsar we have a Hindoo well 
dug in the name of religion. On it is the advertisement, 
"Anyone can get water here, but So-and-So, who is my 
enemy, he can't get water here." I saw a Parsee once 
with prayer book in hand praying away. He wouldn't 
touch me, — that would spoil the prayers. But he could 
stop to pour a volley of invectives upon a poor debtor 
who passed that way. 

On the steamship " Raphael " with us were a number 
of priests who played cards, enjoyed their tobacco and 
wines, — priests of religion, mind you. I have seen a 
woman go to a dance with a cross suspended to a chain 
about her neck. You have seen a cross on the top of 
a church in which a most worldly, pleasure-loving, Sab- 
bath-breaking people assembled. Whatever does the 
cross of Christ signify? What a spiritually dead condi- 
tion does a religious war imply! I have heard of a 
brother going willingly to law with a brother, and then 
refusing to take the oath for conscience' sake. 

How about a congregation that divides on principle, 
and then the seceding party builds another meetinghouse 
in the same little grove, or perhaps on the corner of 
the compound of the mother church? 

I have heard of brethren preaching ihe " whole Gospel " 
and neither saying or doing a thing for missions. I knew 
once of a man who practiced feet-washing occasionally, 
and chewing tobacco almost continually. It were better 
perhaps to cleanse the other end furst. 

How strange that both the Salvation Army and the 
Friends should have rejected all forms and ceremonies 
(ordinances), and then fixed up a form of dress! 

Fancy a sister with a plain bonnet on her head and a 
gold ring on her finger. I saw one once, but I failed to 
see the point. If a plain bonnet means anything at alt, 
it means consecration, devotion to principles, unconcern 
for worldly preferences, willingness to serve, inclinations 
toward prayer. And even the plainest gold band ring 
doesn't mean quite that. But I felt sorry. I wonder 
what she thought. Let us hope she may grow in grace 
and in consistency. 

I heard of a man once who would not take of the 
communion unless there was unfermented bread and fer- 
mented wine. Fermented wine and fermented bread 
would not do either. When all wanted unfermented 
bread he was vehemently opposed! How inconsistent 
good men sometimes become! 

These observations are given in good faith that we 
may search out our own inconsistencies, and profit there- 
by. Wilbur Stover. 

Bulsar, India. 


The Missionary Committee of the Southern District of 
Illinois met in session at the home of Brother and Sis- 
ter G. W. Sensenbaugh, near Oakley, III. Considerable 
business came before the committee, which was consid- 
ered and adjusted. 

The work at Litchfield had to be discontinued for 
the present, which was done with regret 

One point of interest was a quarterly report from one 
of our workers giving the number of sermons, visits made, 
condition of Sunday school and having ordered supplies 
for the next quarter and had received enough fun us 
(which were donated in the immediate neighborhood) to 
pay all expenses, his time included, and several dollars 
to go toward next quarter's work. May not other places 
pattern after this one? Many of us might to great profit 
and will if we once realize fully that the more we do, 
the more there is to be done; and surely the more we 
do the more we want to do, and will do. 

The Board of Trustees appointed by the District Meet- 
ing met with us, save Bro. D. B. Vaniman, who, on ac- 
count of ill health, was not able to be there. At pres- 
ent he is at the Springfield hospital. He has undergone 
quite a critical operation, but is now doing very well. 
All papers that it was thought they should take charge 
of were signed over. 

As there were a number of brethren present that had 
business with the committee, it was thought good to 
take advantage of the opportunity, and a paper was read 
setting forth a guarantee pledge for the deficiency, what- 
ever the amount might be, of the $10,000 which was re- 
quired to be pledged by the first day of January, 1903, 
for the establishing of an Old Folks' and Orphans' 
Home; which was so favorably accepted that four copies 
were taken to get names signed to, thereby the deficiency 
has been pledged and prospects are good for quite a nice 
sum over and above the $10,000 which the committee 
says will be needed. 

May we all wake up to a greater realization of a sense 
of our duty toward him who did so much for us. 

At Cerrogordo I attended the first meeting of the Mis- 
sionary Reading Circle of that place, which I enjoyed 
much. I thought that with great care and proper train- 
ing possibly in a few years we will not need to aban- 
don work at some of our mission points for want of 
efficient and consecrated workers. I would say that with 
all your zeal and enthusiasm let it be according to 
knowledge for Jesus' sake. S. S. Brubaker, Sec. 

Virden, 111., Jan. 2. 

<S> <$> <& 


■it least once during the year and hold series of meet- 
ings, also as many other points as circumstances would 
permit. It is the desire of the board to make a greater 
effort this year in the Master's cause than has ever been 
made in the District. A. J. Wine is to work as mission- 
ary. Other ministers are expected to work in the mis- 
sion field. 

We start in the year with two mission points, Den- 
ton, Denton County, and Kleburg, Dallas County. Texas. 
There are five members at the latter place and eight at 
the former. 

In reviewing the work the past year we find there have 
been many hindrances; yet we feel that some ground has 
been gained, and perhaps seed has been sown that will 
bear fruit in after years. We trust it will tell in eternity. 
Only one was baptized, which is not as we would wish; 
but we realize that we can only sow and water, and that 
God giveth the increase. We trust and pray he will in 
Ins own good time reap the harvest. We labor under 
many hindrances in the South that are not experienced 
in the North and East. We need some faithful ministers 
to locate in our District, as well as other good loyal 
members, who will enme and help us. Anyone knowing 
of members' children or others favorable to the Breth- 
ren, or isolated members, would confer a favor by giv- 
ing name and address. 

With best wishes for all of the faithful and a prayer 
for the salvation of the unsaved of our District as well 
as others, I close. A. J, Wine, Sec. 

Saginaw, Texas, Jan. 5. 


The Mission Board of the District of Northern Illinois 
and Wisconsin met in regular quarterly session Dec. 30, 
instead of Dec. 27 as announced in Messenger. The 
change was made to suit all members of the board. The 
meeting was held at Bro. Felker's home in Mt. Morris, 
Illinois. ' 

The locating of Bro. D. A. Rowland, of Polo. 111., in 
the Ashndgc, Wis., mission was one of the pleasing fea- 
tures of the meeting. We are glad for the calls. " Come 
over and help us," but doubly glad for responses, " Here 
am I, send me." 

The Rockford, 111,, mission continues with Sister C. 
Tempic Sauble as tract distributer, Sunday-school super- 
intendent, etc. The preaching service continues every 
two weeks with ministers usually from Mt. Morris, 111. 
An effort is continued in supply the place with a resident 
minister. Sterling and Batavia. 111., continue with a 
steady and healthy growth. 

Our busy District evangelist, C. V. Rowland, inntinues 
to devote his time to the great mission field of Wiscon- 
sin, adding each quarter new openings for preaching. 

Witli God's sustaining grace, we wish all a happy and 
prosperous new year. C. H. Hawbecker. 

Franklin Grove, III., Jan. 6. 

^ «• «• 

I wish to suggest a plan for the sisters of our Brother- 
hood at large to raise money for the mission work. I 
have tried the plan and find it a good one. I save the 
Sunday eggs thrnughout the year, and if you do the same 
you will be surprised at the amount of money you will 
have for mission work at the close of the year— all from 
Sunday eggs. I have talked with some of our sisters 
about this plan, and some say they cannot keep an ac- 
count of their Sunday eggs, as the children gather them. 
I suggest you keep an extra basket and get your children 
interested in the work, and I am sure that the children will 
see that the Sunday eggs find the place intended for them. 
Other sisters say they have tried the plan, and because 
they did not get the amount they thought they ought to 
have they quit saving them. Let us be thankful for the 
eggs we get. I give them for the purpose named, many or 
few. This is the second year I have tried this plan, and 
this year I doubled the amount I received the first year 
I believe the Lord will bless this kind of work. 

Mary Hoover. 

Gran. Ohio 

<& <S> <S> 


The District Mission Board met Jan. i and organized 
as follows: W. B. Buckley chairman, Weatherford, Tex- 
as; F. K. Bowman treasurer, Saginaw, Texas; A. J. Wine 
secretary, Saginaw. Texas. It was decided to have Eld. 
J. A. Miller, of Manvel. Texas, visit all the churches 

Who were his? Were not the prisoners his as well 
as those of his family? Did he not have to feed, shelter 
and care for them? Why limit the conversions to those 
in his own family? Were not the prisoners a part of 
his family in a sense? Why should not the earthquake, 
the singing, the praying and the speaking of Paul and 
Silas have the same effect upon the prisoners as on the 
jailer? Who learns of his making the prisoners safe 
before leading Paul and Silas out? Why not let the pris- 
oners have the benefit of the Gospel as well as the jailer? 
Christians in the jail at Philippi would be of good effect 
as well as they were in the Leavenworth prison. Kans.. 
some years ago, or in the household of Csesar at Rome- 
Let us make the Gospel as far-reaching as possible with- 
out doing violence to the text. J. E. Young. 

Beatrice. Nebr. 


January 17, 1903 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

"As cold water to a thirsty sout, so is good news Irom a tar country. " 


St Francis. — Dec. 25 we had services in the forenoon, 
opened by Aunt Nannie Neher who spoke a few words 
of encouragement. Then Eld. J. H. Neher followed with 
a noble discourse. At the close of these services we were 
fed temporally. Dinner was prepared on tables in the 
church. After dinner we met in council. Our elder, J. 
H. Neher, presented some Rood thoughts. We re-organ- 
ized Sunday school; Aunt Nannie Neher superintendent, 
D. L. Burns assistant. — D. L. Burns. St. Francis, Ark., 
Dec. 27. 


Inglewood. — We met in council Jan. 3 with a good rep- 
resentation. We decided to hold our love feast Saturday 
before full moon in February. Wc are sorry that Bro. 
D. L. Miller took sick so sudden, and was not able to 
meet the appointment of his illustrated lectures at this 
place, which should have commenced on the evening of 
Jan. 3 and continued until Jan. 8. Our prayer is that Bro. 
Miller may soon recover and continue the good work in 
which lie is engaged. — Emmert Stayer, Inglewood, Cal., 
Jan. 3. 

Lordsburg. — To all whom it may concern: By order of 
the Southern District of California and Arizona, I was 
appointed to arrange with the railroads concerning re- 
duced fare for our Ministerial and District Meeting at 
Colton, Cal.. March 25 and 26. We secured one and one- 
third fare for the round trip providing there will be not 
less than fifty tickets sold to attend that meeting. This 
does not include ministers holding clerical certificates. 
Those wishing to buy tickets to those meetings are to 
write to me not later than Feb. 25, and let me know at 
what station they intend to buy their tickets, as I am to 
inform the railroad companies at a certain time, so that 
they can inslruct their agents at stations where tickets 
will likely be wanted. Then you will pay full fare going 
and ask the agent for a certificate when you buy your 
ticket, and have it endorsed by the officials of District 
Meeting at Colton. Address, Simon E. Yundt, Lords- 
burg, Cal, Jan. 3. 


Grand Valley. — Jan. 3 we met for council, which was a 
. very pleasant meeting. A number of church officers were 
elected for the en-.uing year; al.-o Sunday-school super- 
intendent and assistant. Bro. David Fox was chosen su- 
perintendent. We regret having to issue four letters of 
membership. We also arranged to have Bro. D. L. Miller 
stop with us on his way homeward from California. We 
expect Bro. J. E. Bryant, of Odell, Nebr., to locate with 
us in the near future. — J. G. Van Dyke, Grand Junction, 
Colo., Jan. 5. 

Rockyford church met in council Jan. 3. Business was 
disposed of in a satisfactory manner, while some remains 
to be adjusted. Attendance at church, Sunday school 
and teacher^' meeting about as usual. Last Sabbath being 
the first in the month, a collection was taken to be sent 
to India. Amount, $2.40. — J. C. Waybright, Rockyford, 
Colo., Jan. 8. 

St. Vrain church met in council Jan. 3. Sister Ida 
Fesler was re-elected to superintend our Sunday school 
the following year. We decided to have preaching each 
Sunday evening. The writer was chosen church corre- 
spondent. Our elder, Bro. Keltner, of Denver, was with 
us and remained over Sunday, giving us two much appre- 
ciated sermons. We have organized a prayer meeting 
which meets every Thursday evening at the homes of 
the members in Longmont. We use the lessons given in 
the Messenger and are having good interest. — Blanche 
Stine Long, Longmont, Colo., Jan. 6. 


Nampa church met Jan. 3 in council; elected church 
and Sunday-school officers, which resulted in W. H. Klep- 
inger Sunday-school superintendent and J. C. Neher as- 
sistant. Church officers were elected for one year, Sun- 
day-school officers for six months. Two were received 
by letter and four letters were granted. The church at 
Payette, Idaho, called for assistance in building their 
churchhouse. Twenty-three dollars was raised. We de- 
cided to have a series of meetings commence at once, 
conducted by Bro. J. H. Graybill, one of our home min- 
isters. The first sermon was preached last night to an 
appreciative audience. — Delia Brouse, Nampa, Idaho, Jan- 
nary 5. 


Blue Ridge church met in council Jan. 3. Sisters Zeger 
and Rock (lately from Pennsylvania, now living at De- 
land) were with us and expect to move here in the near 
future. One letter was received and one granted. The 
last year's Sunday-school officers were re-elected. Our 
meeting, to be conducted by Bro. Chas. M. Yearout in 
this month, was deferred till Feb. 1. I was sorry, Jan. 3. to 
see Bro. J. H. Moore pass through our place (accompanying 
the remains of Sister Mattie A. Lear) and not get to speak 
to him. Our signals were our nearest salutations. We 
were schoolboys together, and I have not seen him for 
many years.— T. A. Robinson, Mansfield, 111., Jan. 5. 

Cerrogordo.— Our church met Dec. 31 for council and 
also to hold an election. Our elder. J. G. Royer, and 
also the adjoining elders were present. Bro. Walter 
Barnhart was forwarded to the second degree of the min- 
istry and Bro. Noah Wagner to the deacon's office. 
They with their wives were duly installed. We also elect- 
ed our Sunday-school officers for the next six months. 
Bro. O. F. Cripe was elected superintendent and John 
Heckman assistant. In the evening we listened to a very 
interesting sermon by Bro. Royer. We have been en- 
joying many spiritual feasts in the last few weeks. Bro. 
Barnhart will leave us soon. The writer was chosen cor- 
responding secretary for the ensuing year.— Martha E. 
Lear, Cerrogordo, 111., Jan. 5. 

Virden.— It will be of interest, especially for those of 
Southern Illinois, to know that Bro. D. B. Vaniman, of 
Girard. III., is in the Springfield sanitarium for about two 
weeks. He has had three surgical operations for appendi- 
citis, etc. We are hopeful of his recovery. — Mary A 
Brubaker, Virden. 111., Jan. to. 


Antioch.— Eld. Noah Fisher's health has so far im- 
proved that he is able to resume his labors, preaching at 
one of his points each Lord's Day. Our Sunday school 
is moving along smoothly. We have song services on 
Sunday afternoon, conducted by Bro. B. W. Duncan. Eld. 
Jo.-cph Leedy, of Andrews, Ind., one of the oldest elders 
in the Brotherhood, being eighty-eight Feb. 1, is not ex- 
pected to survive many days. Will all of God's servants 
pray for him? He has been a constant reader of the 
church paper ever since the Gospel Visitor was first 
started, and now is ready to say with Paul: "I have 
fought a good fight; I have kept the faith." — A. B. Mil- 
ler, Andrews, Ind., Jan. 5- 

Bath. — Bro. E. M. Cobb has given two courses of lec- 
tures in Bath township, Ind., one week at Bath in the 
M. E. church, and one week at the Harmony Presbyte- 
rian church. His lectures gave people a better idea of 
the Holy Land than anything else that has been given in 
this community. In spite of the inclemency of the weath- 
er the audience increased every evening. This is Bro. 
Cobb's native home. — James M. Floyd, Bath, Ind., Jan. 10. 

North Liberty congregation met in special council at 
the Oakgrove church Jan. 3, Three letters were grant- 
ed, one to Sister Lydia A. Gearhart, and the others to 
Brother and Sister Louis Bardon. The old officers were 
re-elected and two new ones elected, Bro. Fred Latnmache 
as trustee and Bro. David B. Steele as secretary and cor- 
respondent. — D. B. Steele, North Liberty, Ind., Jan. 7. 

Maxwell.— Bro. E, M. Cobb, of College Corner, Ohio, 
was with us at this place last week, giving talks on the 
Holy Land. Many earnest listeners were eager to hear. 
We were all sorry that the photographs which he had 
taken while there had not arrived yet. — D. M. Shepler, 
Maxwell, Ind., Jan. 2. 

Middle Fork.— Eld. L, W. Teeter, of Hagerstown, Ind., 
began a series of meetings at Pleasant View Jan. 3 and 
will continue two weeks at least. He has alreadv preached 
three excellent sermons. The attendance and interest so 
far have been good. — John E. Metzger, R. R. 1, Rossville, 
Ind., Jan. 5. 

Middletown.— To-day we had meeting at this place by 
brethren Gustin and Hoover; had a better turnout than 
we generally ha\-e. In the afternoon we met for Sunday 
school. The number is increasing and the prospect is 
more encouraging for a good school. Bro. Hoover gave 
u^ a good talk on the lesson. Our superintendent has 
left us and moved to Anderson, so the work will fall on 
Bro. John Green and the assistant. — Florida J. E. Green, 
Middletown, Ind., Jan. 4. 

Notice. — As I have been written to relative to Bro. 
Quincy Leckrone, lecturer. I wish in this public way to 
Lay "to all who may be interested in the workings of 
secrecy: Do not hesitate one moment, not only in re- 
ceiving an offer to come but send for him and Jiave full 
houses to greet him when he arrives, and save as many 
as possible of our young from entering the secret cham- 
bers, for "Jesus is not there." Matt. 24: 26. — W. K. Sim- 
mons, Union City, Ind., Jan. 5. 

Yellow Creek. — Our protracted meeting closed Jan. 4. 
Bro. I-aiah Rairigh labored with us faithfully for two 
weeks. Two precious souls were baptized on New Year's 
day.— Amanda Miller, Goshen, Ind., Jan. 6. 


Des Moines City. — At our recent members' meeting we 
in.itallled two sisters in the office of deacon, with their 
hu. band. , brethren George Kinney and Wm. U. Miller. 
Brethren S. M. and J. Q. Goughnour were present, the 
former officiating. Our work here is moving along nice- 
ly. We had another applicant for baptism lately.-— John 
E. Mohler, Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. 7. 

English River. — Our Sunday school was re-organized 
for ^ix months, Dec. 28, with Bro. W. D. Grove super- 
intendent and Bro. J. H. Brower assistant. The regular 
missionary collection for last quarter amounted to some- 
thing over seven dollars. The winter attendance at Sun- 
day school has been good. Bro. J. F. Souders, from 
Mt. Morris, III., commenced our Bible school Dec. 25, 
continuing each day, and also preaching a discourse in 
connection in the evening, closing Jan. 4, with the best 
of attention. Four were recently added by letter, one in 
the deacon's office. We are expecting Bro. Holsinger to 
conduct a class in vocal music, beginning the last of this 
month. — Peter Brower, South English, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Fairview church met in council Jan. 3; had a pleasant 
meeting. Our elder, A. Wolf, of Libertyville, was pres- 
ent and stayed over Sunday, preaching Sunday morning 
and evening. Our members generally seem to be spirit- 
ually inclined. In our council we very much missed our 
beloved elder, Martin Replogle, who died only two weeks 
ago. He was one of the first members of this congrega- 
tion.— D. A. Wolf, Udell, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Harlan. — Dec. 26 our singing class closed with sixty- 
four scholars and a number of attentive spectators. All 
;aemed very thankful for the rare opportunity. Bro. 
Holsinger was asked to come again next winter. Jan.. 
3 we expect Bro. W. E. West, of Ankeny, Iowa, to com- 
mence a series of meetings for us. — Myrta Leavell, Har- 
lan, Iowa, Dec. 2g. 

Lake Park church held their quarterly council Jan. 3, 
with Eld. W. H. Eikenberry presiding. The church here 
is now in the midst of a two weeks' revival, conducted 
by Bro. W. H. Eikenberry.— N. D. Metz. Lake Park. Iowa. 
Jan. 10. 

Pleasant Hill.— Bro. Daniel Zook was stricken with 
paralysis Dec. 30. Jan. 5 he called for the elders and 
was anointed. He requests the prayers of the Brother- 
hood. He is sinking fast. — H. B. Johnston. Birmingham, 
Iowa, Jan. 5. 


Maple Grove. — Jan 3 we met in council. Not many 
were present. A sister was received by letter. Decided 
to have a love feast May 9, meeting to begin at 2 P. M — 
Laura M. Shuey, Rockwell City, Kans., Jan. 4. 

McPherson church met in council Jan. 6. On Thanks- 
giving day there was a committee appointed to devise 
ways and means towards sending and supporting two 
missionaries to Porto Rico. At the meeting of to-day it 
was decided to be taken up and considered at our next 
meeting. As a result of the voice of the church for dea- 

cons, brethren Murry Kilmer and Reuben Mohler were 
elected and installed. The writer was chosen as corre- 
spondent. Bro. Isaac Frantz, of Ohio, began meetings 
Dec. 6 and continued until holidays. Bro. Frantz's work 
was much appreciated. Nine were baptized. We hope 
to have Bro. Frantz return sometime. — Mary V. Harsh- 
barger, McPherson, Kans., Jan. 7. 

Monitor church met in council Jan. 3. Church officers 
were elected for the year. Bro. J. J. Yoder was re-elected 
as elder. A committee was chosen to make provision 
for holding a protracted meeting sometime during the 
year. Two were received by letter. Thanksgiving day 
we met for service. A collection was taken for the world- 
wide mission which amounted to over $17. In the spring 
each of the children was given a dime to invest for mis- 
sionary work. The amount received was $27.27. It was 
decided that this money be sent to the Chicago mission. 
— Laura Yoder, R. R. No. 2, Conway, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Pleasant View church met in council Dec. 20, Bro. 
Keller, of Nickerson, Kans., presiding. Bro. W. A. Rose 
was ordained to the full ministry. Bro. Bruce Miller 
was elected to the ministry, but being absent was not 
installed. Sunday school was re-organized. Bro. B. L. 
Dawson was elected superintendent and Bro. A. Finfrock 
assistant. Bro. A. G. Miller, of Vv'alton, Kans., gave us 
a very interesting sermon Christinas morning. — Alma 
Hertzler, Darlow, Kans., Jan. 5. 

Victor church met in council Dec. 27. We also added 
to our Sunday-school work the home department and 
cradle roll. We have been having a very interesting sing- 
ing school; it closed Dec. 31. The class was taught by 
Bro. Beckner, of McPherson, Kans. The class consisted 
of forty-seven scholars. He also gave us four interesting 
discourses. — E. M. Daggett, Covert, Kans., Jan. 3. 


Jennings. — We organized our Sunday school yesterday, 
with an attendance of thirty, and a collection of eighty- 
eight cents, which we regard as encouraging.— J. H. Peck, 
Jennings, La., Jan. 5. 


Ridgley. — We held a very pleasant council meeting to- 
day, elders J. Y. King and G. S. Rairigh presiding. One 
letter was granted. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for the coming six months. Bro. J. P. Holsinger was 
elected superintendent, Bro. A. C. Reber assistant. We 
decided to hold a term of three months of special Bible 
study at the Bethel churchhouse. We at a previous 
council decided to give the Sunday-school scholars an 
opportunity to give, if they felt so, some pennies for mis- 
sionary purposes which for three months amounted to 
$15. The amount was at this council decided to go to In- 
dia for the purpose for which it was given by the scholars. 
—David S. Stayer, Ridgley, Md., Dec. 31. 

Beaverton church met in council Jan. 3. There are 
three evergreen Sunday schools in the bounds of our 
congregation, superintended by-the brethren. We are in 
great need of a house of worship,, as our meetings and 
Sunday schools are all held in schoolhouses. — David B. 
Mote, Beaverton, Mich., Jan. 5. 

Worthington. — Our series of meetings, of three weeks' 
duration, closed last Sunday evening. They were con- 
ducted by Bro. J. S. Zimmerman, of Waterloo, Iowa. 
The interest and attendance were very good. — Minnie 
Schechter, Worthington, Minn., Jan. 6. 


North Bethel.— Our series of meetings commenced Dec. 
7 by Bro. C. S. Garber, from Ft. Scott, Kans., and closed 
last Lord's Day evening. Four precious souls came out 
on the Lord's side. The meeting closed with good in- 
terest. Sister Mary Metsker, from Lone Star, Kans., was 
with us during the holidays. She took charge of our 
song service, which was a great help to our meetings. 
Brp. Garber will commence another series of meetings 
at the South Bethel church next Thursday night.- — Ella 
Andes, Maitland, Mo., Jan. 6. 

Walnut Creek church met in council Jan. 3. We had a 
pleasant meeting. We are having a good Sunday school, 
with Bro. H. H. Mohler superintendent. Several mem- 
bers are moving into our congregation, and for this we 
are very glad. — Cora L. Wampler. Knobnoster, Mo.. 
Jan. 5- 


Beatrice church has procured the services of Eld. J. S. 
Mohler, of Morrill, Kans., for the ensuing year. He will 
preach for us each second and fourth Sunday till March 
1, when he will move to our city. At the quarterly coun- 
cil to-day the church elected two deacons. — E. J. Kessler. 
Beatrice, Nebr., Jan. 3. 

Roseland. — The Bible school, which began at Roseland 
Dec. 27, was much appreciated by many. From one to 
two hundred people gathered daily and applied themselves 
diligently to- systematic Bible study. The work is con 
tinuing with good hopes of a harvest, — J. E. Young. Be 
atrice, Nebr., Jan. 5. 

South Beatrice.— Services were held in this church 
Thanksgiving day; but few present. At the close a collec- 
tion was taken which amounted to over twenty-four dol- 
lars. Bro. I. H. Crist, from Kansas City. Kans., was with 
us and held a two weeks' meeting. At the close four 
came out on the Lord's side and were baptized. The 
oldest was about fifteen. — Lydia Dell, Rockford. Nebr., 
Dec. 24. 


Berthold. — Our new church will be dedicated Jan. 18, 
services to be held at n A. M. by Eld. Whitmer; also 
services to be held in the evening. The day following 
will be our regular quarterly council. Five letters of 
membership were read at our regular services to-day, 
conducted by Eld. H. C. Longanecker. Our Sundaj 
school still continues with good interest; forty-six present 
to-day.— Alice M. Jones. Berthold, N. Dak., Jan. 4. 

Salem church convened to-day in regular quarterly 
council, presided over by Bro. A. Neher, our elder. The 
church has decided to have a two weeks' Bible school, 
which will likely be continued longer by some of our 
own members. We have not selected our leader. We 
also elected a committee of arrangements to serve at 
District Meeting, to be held in our congregation next 

January 17, 1903 



Tp r V n /,-, Brethren C B oyd. D. H. Hufford and George 
- K. Miller are a program committee for ministerial meet- 
ing.— J. Will Shively, Newville, N. Dak., Jan. 1. 

Blue Creek. — Our council meeting was held Jan 3 Our 
elder, J. Keizer. was with us. He preached three soul- 
cbeering sermons for us. Our little church is in love. 
Some few weeks ago we were all grieved at the death of 
our dear Bro. Jacob Reiser. He moved here from Wood 
County, Ohio, about one year ago. At our council we 
granted a letter to Brother and Sister Riley, who go to 
Michigan to live. We are sorry to give them up. Our 
Sunday school is increasing. Bro. Lesley is our super- 
intendent, Bro. John Gerdes assistant. — Dora Gerdes 
Grove Hill, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Greenspring.— The Reading Circle of Northwestern 
Ohio met at the Sugar Grove house in the Greenspring 
district on New Year's day. Quite a good attendance. 
It was a feast of good things. Bro. Wilkins staid with 
us and is now engaged in a series of meetings.— Annie 
W. Light, Old Fort, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Ludlow.— Several of our church and Sunday-school 
workers have organized a home Bible class which con- 
venes once each week at the Painter Creek churchhousc, 
with Bro. Wm. Royer as teacher. We are using Bro! 
E. S. Young's outlines. A good interest is manifested 
Our series of meetings at the Painter Creek house be- 
gan on the evening of New Year's day. Bro. David Hoi- 
linger is preaching for us. Our local Sunday-school meet- 
ing at Pitsburg, Dec. 28, was well attended and full of 
interest. Bro. Calvin F. Eiler, of Indiana, preached sev- 
eral sermons there during holiday week. In our last 
communication we failed to state that another precious 
soul of Arcanum united with the church through baptism. 
The sister had recently lost her husband and is sorely 
afflicted. — Levi Minnich, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 2. 

Painter Creek.— Never before did a series of meetings 
begin at this place with a better interest. Beginning on 
the evening of New Year's day, Bro. David Hollinger 
preached until the following Sunday evening when the 
churchhouse was scarcely large enough to hold the peo- 
ple. The meetings were announced for the following 
week, when on Monday morning it was learned that sev- 
eral new cases of smallpox had developed in a village 
about six miles distant. Heeding the advice of the board 
of health, which no doubt was the best interest of the 
community, the meetings were discontinued for the pres- 
ent. — Levi Minnich, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Portage church held her quarterly council Dec. 27. 
Business passed off in a Christian manner. Not many 
were present, owing to the bad roads.— Sylvia Hemmin- 
ger, .Cloverdale, Ohio, Jan. 6. 

SpeciaJ Notice.— To all the churches of the Southern 
District of Ohio, especially the elders and receivers of 
the Brethren's Home of Greenville, Ohio: The time is 
here and far past when ail the subscription money was to 
be paid in for the building of the home. We urge the 
elders and receivers to devise some plan and collect all 
of the subscription money and send it in to the secretary 
at once, for the money is all needed. Please give this 
your prompt attention. By order of trustees.— A. B. Mil- 
ler, Sec, Eldorado, Ohio, Jan. 8. 

Springfield. — Sister Marguerite Bixler conducted a very 
interesting singing class during the holidays in the Spring- 
field church, Ohio. This is her home church and we all 
enjoyed her presence and instructions. Special drill and 
instructions were given to the young sisters and brethren 
for leading in song service. Bro. F. B. Weimer came to 
us Jan. 3 for the purpose of holding a series of meetings 
— H. E. Kurtz, Mogadore. Ohio, Jan. 5. 

West Dayton Sunday school appropriated $3.29 for 
sending Messengers to those who are favorable to our 
people. Our series of meetings closed last evening— El- 
mer Wombold, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Ashland church met in council Jan. 5, at the Ashland 

churchhouse, for the purpose of being organized into a 
separate congregation, with elders Geo. Hoxie and J. 
P. Moomaw of the Rogue River congregation to assist 
in the work. Eighteen members were enrolled. Eld. 
George Hoxie was elected elder in charge. We have 
three ministers— C. E. Nininger, S. E. Decker and D. M. 
Brower— -and two preaching services each Lord's Day; al- 
so a good Sunday school. Wc are to be known as the 
Ashland congregation.— Cora Decker, Ashland, Oregon, 
Jan. 6. 

Myrtlepoint.— Christmas day at 11 A. M. quite a crowd 
of members and outsiders gathered at the churchhouse. 
Bro J. S. Stevens preached an interesting sermon. At 2 
P. M we met for a children's meeting, which was con- 
ducted by Bro. J. S. Secrist. He taught them from an 
object lesson on the blackboard. During the past year 
fifty-one united with the church by baptism. We received 
five by letter, reclaimed four, disfellowshiped six, grant- 
ed nine letters, lost two by death. Our Sunday school is 
evergreen. Our Bible school by Bro. J. S. Secrist begins 
Jan. 5.— Minnie McCracken, Myrtlepoint, Oregon, Jan. r. 


Big Swatara.— Jan. 4 we closed our series of meetings, 
in progress since Dec. 24 at Paxton house, conducted by 
Bro. Hershey Groff, of Bearville, Pa. Good interest pre- 
vailed.— A. M. Kuhns, Union Deposit, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Georges Creek.— Our council convened in the Fairview 
churchhouse Jan. 3, with Bro. Jasper Barnthouse pre- 
siding. The meeting elected new Sunday-school officers. 
Bro. Leslie S. Cover, who has been superintendent of the 
Sunday school in the Fairview congregation, was re- 
elected, and Bro. William Townsend was elected assist- 
ant. We have had a very successful Sunday school the 
past year. Our Sunday school is evergreen. Officers 
were also elected for Uniontown. The -election resulted 
in securing brethren Josiah Thomas and Andrew Moser 
for superintendents. Bro. Andrew Fisher was appointed 
to assist Bro. Emanuel Maust with the Sunday school 
at Hopwood. Bro. Leslie S. Cover was elected Messenger 
agent for Fairview congregation, to act with Bro. Virgil 
C. Finnel who is agent for Uniontown. The council de- 
cided to dedicate the new churchhouse in Uniontown, Pa. 
Feb. 5, beginning at eleven A. M. There is about $800 
back on the church yet, but additional solicitors were 

elected, and we feel pretty sure the churchhouse will be 
paid for We have built three meetinghouses. The 
Mount Union congregation helped to build the Mount 
Union churchhouse and they in turn helped to build 
Fairview churchhouse. This was before the congregation 
was divided. We have considerable expense, and neither 
church is very strong. The Brethren in Uniontown al- 
ready have a good prayer meeting every Wednesday even- 
ing. We also at Fairview have a successful prayer meet- 
ing every Sunday evening. Bro. Barnthouse left our 
place for Uniontown to preach for the Brethren, and 

W P v/ f t, g M fr ° m U,er , e l °> the Mount UnI °" church, 
W. Va., to hold a council. Bro. Barmhou e will see to 
getting the man to dedicate the new church. Bro. I. A. 
Click preached Jan. 3 and 4.— Alpheus DcBolt. Mason- 
town, Pa. ( Jan. 6. 

Hanover church met in council Jan. 7, Eld Orville V 
Long ,n charge. It is expected that a series of meetings' 
will be hed .11 the spring, and close with a love feast. 
We miss the help of a resident minister since Bro B F 
Masterson left us. Our elder is faithful to his charge but' 
hke many others, has much to oversee. Five years ago 
the work was begun, under the direction of the District 
Mission Board Eld. Joseph Long stood by us then, and 
when he could not get a minister to fill the appointment, 
he came himself. We then had less than one dozen mem- 
bers in town: now we number three dozen Seven of 
them accepted the preached Word, and others moved in 
Our Sunday school is evergreen and more than self-sup- 
porting The church has a system of giving and ha^ 
not yet had an empty treasury. Most every family takes 
the Messenger. Some years ago a good broiher was told 
that the Messenger would cost him three or four limes 
less a year than tobacco would, and that he would get 
much more good from the paper. After some weeks had 
passed he concluded to bee if he would receive more 
good, for his money. I am pleaded to say that brother 
is now one of our leading workers in the church and 
bunday school and is agent for the Messenger When 
our brother was elected to the deacon's office and asked 
if he uses tobacco how glad we- were to hear him say 
No. —Ella R. Webster, Hanover, Pa„ Jan. 8. 
Koons.— Dec. 27 occurred our quarterly council at ihe 
Koons church. Business passed off pleasantly. Decided 
to rebuild the Koons church; new building forty by sixty 
feet. Appointed a building committee to secure material 
for building.— Jacob S. Guyer, Loysburg, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Lewistown.— We met in council Dec. 27 in the Lewis- 
town house. Another council has been appointed for 
Jan. 9, to attend to some special business. Our Sunday 
school re-elected officers for the coming year. Our school 
is increasing in number. We held Christmas exercises 
Dec. 21; also treated the school. We expect to use the 
new Hymnal soon. We meet in the different homes to 
practice singing every two weeks on Tuesday evening — 
Rhoda A. Yeatter, Lewistown. Pa., Jan. 5. 

Raven Run.— We met in council Jan. 3. Bro S I 
Brumbaugh presided over the meeting. Considering the 
weather there was a good turnout of the members.— D P 
Hoover, Saxton, Pa., Jan. 6. 

Roaring Spring.— We closed a very interesting series of 
meetings last night. Bro. R. T. Hull, of Bakersville, Pa, 
began preaching for us Dec. 21, preaching seventeen ser- 
mons. Three precious souls came oul on the Lord's side 
and were baptized. Our meeting closed too soon. Bro. 
Hull had to go home in order to meet other calls.— D. S. 
Replogle, Roaring Spring, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Springville.— Two baptized Jan. 3. Quarterly council 
meeting held. Another collection was held for the Har- 
risburg meetinghouse. Church decided to give the priv- 
ilege to the singing class to hold another session if they 
choose to do so. Eleven were added to the church by 
baptism, with another applicant, in the past year; six 
have died.— Aaron R. Gibbel, Ephrata, Pa., R F d' No 
1, Jan. 6. 

Uniontown.— Eld. Jasper Barnthouse. of Markleysburg, 
Pa., preached for us both morning and evening in the 
basement of our new churchhouse which is Hearing com- 
pletion. We organized a Sunday school with brethren 
A. J. Moser and Josiah A. Thomas superintendents. We 
have prayer meeting each Wednesday evening. We ex- 
pect to dedicate our new house Feb. 15. — G. F. Fiuuell, 
128 W. Main St., Uniontown, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Upper Canowago church met in council in Ea,t Berlin, 
Pa., Jan. 3, with Eld. O. V. Long presiding. The spirit 
of peace pervaded the meeting. One member was received 
by letter and two letters were granted. Bro. C. L. Ba- 
ker was elected as our Sunday-school superintendent 111 
East Berlin. Bro. John Bechtel was appointed as our 
church statistical secretary for three years. The follow- 
ing brethren were appointed as a mission board of afore- 
said church for the term of three years: S. H. Baker, Ja- 
cob Brown, S. S. Miller. The report of our missionary 
treasurer was gratifying. We decided to hold our love 
feast at Mummerts. May 9 and ro, commencing at to A. 
M. Council to convene at Hampton April i}. — Andrew 
Bowser, East Berlin, Pa., Jan. 7. 

York. — We met in council Jan. 8. Considerable im- 
portant business was deposed of. We have agreed to 
hold a series of meetings this spring. Our elder. Joseph 
Long, is to do the preaching. It was al o agreed to hold 
a series of meetings next fall, and Eld. Long was in- 
structed to secure an evangelist. Bro. Milton Kecny was 
lately elected to the deacon's office. — Abram S. Hershey, 
York, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Saginaw. — One that has been reading the Gospel Mes- 
senger the la--.t year was baptized in the Saginaw church 
recently. — A. J. Wine. Saginaw, Texas, Dec. 2% 
Blue Ridge Springs. — I am now at a mission point of the 
Botetourt congregation. The weather is very disagree- 
able, yet we are having interesting meetings. — John C. 
Woodie, Blue Ridge Springs, Va., Jan. 6. 

Germantown. — The brethren met at the old brick church 
Jan. 3 for council, with a good attendance. Four cer- 
tificates of membership were received and one was granl- 
ed.— D. B. Neff, Helms, Va., Jan. 4. 

Linville Creek.- — This church met in council Dec. 27. 
The finances of the church were looked after and reported 
by the treasurer. Six letters of membership were given. 

EI<1. D. Hays conducted the business.— Michael Ziglcr, 
Broadway, Va.. Jan. 5. & 

Valley Bethel -We had preaching Christmas day by 
A. A. Miller We closed our Bible class with the year 
on account of a bad house. We arc much in need o " 
l"'^",' »' h,S P l ace ' f ? r lve "" entirely dependent 
Jan J * " worsh 'P— A - H. Miller, Bolar, Va., 

Spokane—We came to this city Nov. 1, where we will 
make our home. Dec. 6 Bro. J. H. S.oner. from Waverly, 
Wall., came to tins place and remained over Sunday 
While here the importance of a meetinghouse was con- 
n u r-,M 2 '. lvc wcrc mcl b y brethren D. B. Eby, 
U. M. Click and others. The members met in council 
Ucc 30 ,„ our i, OUSC| at „ hich tin)( , 1|lc ncc<is of 

meetinghouse were again considered. A committee was 
appointed to solicit means and to locate the house. A 
tall was al o made lor the locating of an evangelist in 
Ihe city of Spokane. We should be glad to have those 
of our readers in or about Spokane with whom we have 
not met to call on or address the writer, as I am one of 
the members of the committee. If any of our ministers 
passing through this city or stopping here will notify us 
? few ''"y 5 ahead arrangements will be made for preach- 
ing services.— G. D. Aschenbrcuner, Spokane, Wash., West 
Grove Addition. Jan. 4. 


Salem church met in council Jan. 3. On account of 

inclement weather many could not attend. Considerable 

business was disposed of pleasantly, under the direction 

\i-ii iv-w '"", T J' omas --J»n'<:s M. Thomas, Clifton 
Mills, VV. Va., Jan, 6. 

Viola— The two last appointments at this place have 
been tilled by Bro. D. A. Rowland, of Polo, III Four 
weeks ago Ins wife accompanied him. The severe cold 
made it very unpleasant. The first Sunday of the New 
Year we had a Sunday-school collection for the world- 

vide mission, amounting to $1.32, 
-Allie Eklcberry, Ashridge, Wis 

Our number 


nnd Bend It unlo tlm churches 


The good Lord has again brought us safely home to 
our place in Newton, Kans. In our journey, lasting nearly 
nine months, we traveled at least four thousand miles, 
going east as far as Atlantic City, N. J. We saw much, 
both good and evil, high and low, rich and poor, and oft 
had to think, O, what shall the harvest be? Many are 
zealous for Ihe Master, yet lacking information about the 
true Gospel. 

We were among a goodly number of our own churches, 
and even there saw many things that ought not to be. 
Yea it is well for us to think a great deal, and say as 
little as we can. It will be well for us all to read and 
study well the first chapter of James. We had to con- 
chide it would be a blessing for many if they would 
travel a few thousand miles and stop off every now 
and then and see how the people do and live. No doubt, 
many things would not be said or done that are. 

We wish to give our best llianks to all our dear breth- 
ren and friends who helped us on our journeys. Some we 
expected to see, but could not, and others we did not 
meet at home. May God be with you all, is our prayer. 
L. and S. Andes. 

Newion, Kans., Dec. 24. 


Since my last report the workers here have been quite 
busy. Our church council was held Dec. n and all busi- 
ness was pleasantly disposed of. Cyrus B. Replogle was 
chosen church correspondent and J. H. Royer clerk for 

Our Christmas day meeting by the Sunday school was 
right well attended and the exercises, consisting of rec- 
itations, readings', talks, and singing, were appreciated. 

We are indebted to the following for contributing to 
our church building fund and mission treasury since April 
1, 1902; Dry Valley Sunday school, Mifflin Co; Amanda 
Roddy, Johnstown; Hannah Moser, Monongahela City; 
Huntingdon Sunday school; a sister, Philadelphia, Ohio; 
Alice Roddy, Elizabeth Roddy, Johnstown; Rockton Sun- 
day school; Nancy Smith, Washington; Hannah Smith, 
Charleioi; Anna E. Ross, Simpson, Va; Brethren at Rock- 
ion, per E. W. Hollopeter; Emma Rcitz, Friedens, and 
others. Also for box from Sisters' Circle, Ueyersdale, 
and one of dry goods from Rockton not previously men- 
tioned. Also a carpet for one room by sisters of Meyers- 
date. We were very kindly remembered by the brethren, 
sisters and friends, as well as by a few from other places, 
on Christmas, for all of which we express our sincere 

May we not hope that in the present year many more 
will contribute to our various funds for the work than 
during the past year? 

If our people will give as the Lord has prospered them, 
we can easily buy and build in the year 1903. Will we 
not work and pray to this end? S. S. Blough. 

2032 Lytle St., Jan. 6. 

4 6 


January 17, 1903 


" Write what thou seest, aod send II unto the churches, " 


/ In the 6th of December issue of the Gospel Messenger 
was published a reported sermon on, "A Blessed Truth," 
by the writer. Since its publication I received letters 
from parties in Virginia and Pennsylvania, asking me to 
give the verse and chapter of the following quotation I 
used in the sermon: "The things that I once loved I now 
hate; and the things I once hated I now love." I used 
the quotation in question in the sermon referred to as 
having been spoken by Paul. Of coarse, like thousands 
of others, I thought the quotation was Paul's language. 
and never for a moment questioned it until I had my 
attention called to it, and now I am convinced that the- 
quotation is not to be found in the Bible. The nearest 
approach to anything of the kind is found in the seventh 
chapter, fifteeenth verse of Paul's letter to the Romans: 
" For that which I do I allow not; for what I would, thai 
I do not; but what I hate, that do I." A similar thought 
is also expressed in verse nineteen of the same chapter 

Now as to the quotation in question, I want frank- 
ly to confess my error as to its being either Paul's lan- 
guage or even to be found in the Bible, though I have 
heard the language quoted time and again by ministers 
and Bible students as being the language of Paul. Be- 
fore looking the matter up carefully, which I did only 
lately, 1 would have positively insisted that the quota- 
tion was not only biblical but the words of Paul; but 
finding myself mistaken I take this method of answer- 
ing the letters of inquiry that lately came rushing in 
on me as to the quotation in question. The misquota- 
tion, and having my attention called to it, has taught 
me a lesson, to read my Bible even more carefully 
than ever before and to be more guarded in making quo- 

I once heard of a certain minister who asked his dea- 
con brother to read a certain chapter from 2nd Peter. 
The good deacon brother thumbed over the leaves of 
the Bible for awhile, and failing to find the book of 
Peter at all, slapped the Bible down on the desk and 
said, " No 2nd Peter in this Bible." Of course it all re- 
vealed the fact that the good deacon brother was not 
posted on the books of the Bible. We may also betray 
a certain ignorance of the Bible by our misquotations. 
Let us be careful how we quote the Scriptures. 

To the friends in Virginia and Pennsylvania who called 
my attention to the misquotation in the sermon referred 
to. I tender my sincere thanks, and in turn promise to 
be more careful how I quote from the Bible. 

J. T. Myers. 

Oaks. Pa 


The Gospel Messenger fills so important a place in 
our family that if we are away from home, where we 
have not access to it, we feel homesick to see and peruse 
its pages. No. 52 is brimful of good things. Bro. Geo. 
Zollers' article, " Christ's Church; The All-Important Or- 
ganization.— Its Use to Me," is full of sparkling gems. 
It will bear a second and third reading. Give us more 
such, Bro. George. 

Occasionally a writer gets a superabundance of capital 
I's in his article. This savors of egotism and should be 
avoided. To say, " I held a series of meetings at No. 
4," does not sound well, to say the least. If there was 
nobody in it but " I," it was a small meeting. Better 
say, "We assisted the brethren in a series of meetings at 
No. 4." Why do so many correspondents say so many 
precious souls were added to the church? All souls are 
precious in the eyes of the Lord and his people. The 
inference is that there are other souls that are not pre- 
cious. The inspired writer did not put it that way. Bet- 
ter say so many souls were added to the church. Bro. 
Hutchison's puzzle might be broadened. It is a puzzle 
that in any meeting members of the church choose to 
sit as far as possible from the preacher, and then won- 
der that there is so much coldness in the church. 

The facts are, they do not get close enough to get 
warm, and, it seems to me, they stand a good chance to 
have no oil, when the Bridegroom comes. They occupy 
about the same place Peter did when "he followed Je- 
sus afar off." By taking that course he fell into bad 
company, and committed a great sin. That way is still 
beset with pitfalls, bad company and temptation. 

, n( , . . T W. R. Deeter. 

Milford. Ind., Jan. 1. 


free distribution. We quote a few sentences: "So I think 
that Unitarians ouglit to take thought for the education 
of their children as Unitarians. We are a very peculiar 
set of people. We represent principles of thought which 
did not get expression in the world until our theological 
ancestors and preceptors had their being in the early 
part of this century." 

In reference to this sentiment the Illinois Methodist 
Journal makes this remark: "Now, President Elliot is 
the last man in the world to be charged with bigotry. 
He is the consummate representative of the liberal way 
of thinking and doing; but he could not have spoken more 
strenuously if he had been a bigoted Methodist. Indeed. 
hereafter I think it would be proper to substitute the 
word ' Methodist ' for ' Unitarian ' in the sentences quoted 
from President Eliot's address and repeat them every- 

Allow us to substitute our own name and we have: 
We must give attention to the education of young breth- 
ren as Brethren. "We are a very peculiar set of peo- 
ple. We represent principles of thought which did not 
get expression in the world until our theological ances- 
tors and preceptors had their being in the early part of 
the eighteenth century." And how true this is! There 
are certain facts and truths concerning themes of great 
importance which seldom find expression in the world 
except as we express them. If we would perpetuate the 
doctrines of the Brethren church we must certainly give 
thought to the education of our children. We must pro- 
vide colleges equal to the best in equipment and fac- 
ulty, and their relation to the church must be closer and 
more intimate than a peep in, once or twice a year or 
once in two years, by a General Conference visiting com- 
mittee. H. J. Harnly. 

McPherson, Kans. 

■ ■» ■ 



Eld. D. L. Miller came to this place and began his 
illustrated lectures Saturday evening. Dec. 27, and con- 
tinued till Friday evening, Jan. 2. We consider the meet- 
ings a great success in every particular. The scenes were 
almost as real in appearance as life, and Bro. Miller linked 
them together so nicely that we almost felt as though 
we were taking a journey in the Old World without much 
inconvenience or expense, and at the same time gather- 
ing so much useful knowledge and new inspiration in 
God's Word. 

While Bro. Miller was with us he took a severe at- 
tack of his old complaint and was in bed about two days. 
Sister Miller reluctantly consented to fill his place 
Wednesday evening and gave us an interesting talk on 

We packed about four hundred people into the house 
and still could accommodate only a small part of the 
crowd that came. Several hundred were disappointed in 
not getting in, and the only complaint that we heard 
from those that did not get in and from many that heard 
the lectures was that we did not charge ten cents admis- 
sion, instead of having them free. 

We feel that these lectures were surely highly appre- 
ciated by the Santa Ana people. Our expenses on rent 
of chairs, light, advertisement, etc., was considerable, 
still we have a surplus of fourteen dollars for world-wide 

This has been most helpful to us in our new mission, 
and we feel grateful to the Lord and Brother and Sister 
Miller for the efforts they have put forth in helping 
us, and we trust that they will reap their reward in the 
other world, since they are not seeking it here. 

The mission is prospering. Several brethren are com- 
ing among us, which is very helpful to us in the work. 
All seem to like our city and country well. There is room 
for more. S. W. Funk. 

Jan. 3. 



President Eliot, of Harvard, in an address to the Uni- 
tarian Association of Chicago and again to the Unitarian 
Association at Boston said some things which to the Uni- 
tarians seemed of such vital importance that they have 
reprinted the address in their little series of tracts for 

The year of 1902 with its toils and cares, joys and sor- 
rows, is ended, and the year 1903 is dawning upon us. 

How many of us have not at some time during the 
year experienced changes of some sort in onr lives? 
With some of them we associate very pleasant memories, 
while others can be remembered only with a certain de- 
gree of sadness. 

At the beginning of this new year let us review our 
lives. Have they been such as we would have them be 
another year? May we profit by past failures and live 
purer and holier lives in the future, — lives more conse- 
crated to our God. 

Ever remember that none of our trials and tempta- 
tions are so small as to be unnoticed by our dear heaven- 
ly Father, nor are any of them so great as not to be 
forgiven by him if we will but take them to him in prayer. 

The power of prayer is exceedingly great, and the com- 
fort to be received therefrom can hardly be over-esti- 

May this be a bright and glorious new year to each 
and every one of us. Mrs. W. B. Yount. 

Saranac Lake, N. Y.. Dec. 31. 

" What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. " 

BOWERS— BOONE.— By the undersigned, at the res 

idence of the bride's father, near Lyons, Kans., Dec. 25, 
1902, Bro. Walter Bowers, from Roanoke, La., and Sister 
Susanna Boone. S. J. Miller. 

BROADWATER— HAHN.— At the home of the bride's 
parents, Preston, Minn., Dec. 16, 1902, by Rev. Guymann, 
Bro. John W. Broadwater and Miss Louisa S. Hahn. 
Mrs. Lew Pratt. 

DUFFIELD— SHANK.— At my residence. Jan. 1, 1903, 
Mr, John B. Duffield, of Quincy, Pa., and Miss Bertha 
J. Shank, of Five Forks, Pa. Wm. A. Anthony. 

RUSHER— ROTHENBERGER.— Jan. 1, 1903, by the 
undersigned, at the residence of the bride's father, Bro. 
Daniel Rothenberger, near North Webster, Ind., Bro. 
Clyde E. Rusher, of near Pierceton, Ind., and Sister M. 
Amanda Rothenberger, of near North Webster, Ind. 

H. H. Brallier. 

REAMS— BROADWATER.— At the Root River, Minn., 
Brethren church, by Eld. John Broadwater, Dec. 25, 1902. 
Bro. Jesse Reams, of Kidder, Mo., and Sister Ida Broad- 
water, of Bittinger, Md. Mrs. Lew Pratt. 

KING — BUCHER.— Dec. 25. 1902, at Elizabethtown, 
Pa., by Bro. I. N. H. Beahm, Bro. Milton F. King, of 
Denton, Md., and Sister Annie Bucher, of Elizabethtown, 
Pa. Mary Budier Beahm. 

MEINEN— SHOOK.— At the home of the bride's par- 
ents, at Prairie Queen. Minn., Dec. 31, 1902, by Eld. John 
Broadwater, Mr. G. W. Meinen and Miss A. Pearl Shook. 
Mrs. Lew Pratt. 

ROYER— CLYMENS.— Dec. 24, 1902, by the under- 
signed, at the residence of bride's mother, in Aurelia, 
Iowa, Emery N. Rover and Sister Mattie Clymens, both 
of Aurelia, Iowa. Peter Brubaker. 

STOVER— KROGER.— Jan. 1. 1903, by the under- 
signed, at the residence of the officiating clergyman, near 
Pierson, Iowa, Bro. Charles F. Stover and Sister Anna 
L. Kroger, both of Kingsley. Iowa. 

Daniel T. Dierdorff. 

STUDEBAKER— HESP.— By the undersigned, Dec. 
24, 1902, at the bride's home, Mr. J. B. Studebaker to 
Miss Ora M. Hesp, both of Anderson County, Kans. 

John Sherfy. 


" Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord. " 

ADAMS, Leah Rhodes, died Dec. 29, 1902, aged 62 
years, 10 months and 24 days. She was married to Isaac 
Adams April 6, i860. To this union were born eight chil- 
dren, all living except one daughter, who preceded her 
mother just one month. She united with the Brethren 
church twenty-three years ago, and has lived a Christian 
life. Funeral services and interment at Eel River, con- 
ducted by Eld. Samuel Leckrone, from Rev. 21: 5. 

Tuda Haines. 

BASHOR, Sister Maud, nee Whisler, died at her home 
near Nampa, Idaho, Nov. 12, 1902, aged 22 years, 2 
months and 25 days. She was married to William Bashor 
in 1898. They moved to Nampa, Idaho, in February, 
1900. She united with the Brethren church when only 
ten years of age, and was ever faithful. She leaves hus- 
band, infant son, father and three brothers to mourn 
their loss. Services at Nampa church by J. H. Graybill. 
Interment in Nampa cemetery. Elsie Gray. 

BERKLEY, Sister Annie, wife of Eld. Josiah Berkley, 
died in the Middle Creek district, Pa., Dec. 26, 1902, aged 
62 years, 8 months and 21 days. She was married to 
Eld. Josiah Berkley Nov. 7, 1858. She united with the 
church May 20, 1859, a n d was faithful unto the end. Fu 
neral services in the Middle Creek church, Pa., by the 
writer from 1 Thess. 4: 13-18, assisted by Bro. J. W. Weg- 
ley. Interment in the Middle Creek church cemetery. 

Silas Hoover. 

BOOK, Sister Mary Shearer, wife of Bro. Isaac Book 
(minister), died at her home near Warble, Pa., Dec. 24, 
1902, of typhoid fever, aged 64 years and 24 days. She 
was a faithful member of the Brethren church from an 
early age. She was the mother of seventeen children, of 
whom eight sons and four daughters survive, as well as 
her husband. Funeral in the Farmer's Grove congrega- 
tion, services conducted by brethren William Zimmerman 
and J. O. Smith. Text, Isa. 33) 17. J. W. Replogle. 

BUTTERBAUGH, D. S. T., of the North Manchester 
church, Ind., died Dec. 11, 1902, aged 69 years, 9 months 
and 28 days. He was born in Montgomery County, Ohio, 
emigrated to Indiana in 1850, and was married to Phcebe 
Harter in 1853, and was the father of seven children, 
three having preceded him. He united with the Brethren 
church in 1855 and was faithful in his high calling. Fu- 
neral services by the writer. A. L. Wright. 

CONNER, Sister Hannah, nee Caldeman, died at the 
home of her son-in-law, I. J. Woody, near Bolton, Kans., 
Dec. 31, 1902, aged 57 years, 5 months and 10 days. She 
was born in Schuylkill County, Pa.; married Isaac Con- 
ner in 1865, who preceded her almost six years. Six 
children preceded her and six remain to mourn. Serv- 
ices in the Friends' church in Bolton by the writer. Re- 
mains were taken to Morrill, Kans.. for interment. 

H. H. Ritter. 

CLAIR, Preston Edwin, died in the bounds of the Yel- 
low Creek church, Stephenson, Co., 111., Dec. 22, 1902, 
aged 66 years, 9 months and 19 days. Bro. Clair was 
born in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Funeral services 
were conducted by Bro. Enoch Eby. Scriptural lesson, 1 
Con 15: 1-21; text, Rev. 14: 13, assisted by Bro. Jacob 
Delp. He was a deacon in the church. Chas. E. Delp. 

FLORY, Susanna, of the North Manchester church, 
Ind., died Dec. 25, 1902, aged 76 years, 8 months and 3 
days. She was a daughter of Hugh and Mary Calhoun, 
born in Darke County, Ohio, and was married to Joseph" 
Flory May 11, 1848. To them were born six daughters, 
three of whom, with the father, have passed to the re- 
gions beyond. Sister Flory joined the Brethren church 

January 17, 1903 



about forty years ago and has indeed been a mother in 
Israel. Funeral services by the writer, from Psa. 71: 9. 

A. L. Wright. 
GALL, Sister Mary Ann, nee Dutton, died in the 
Straight Creek church, Ohio, Aug. 27, 1902, aged 84 years. 
She had been a faithful worker in the church about forty- 
three years. She was born near Sinking Spring, Ohio, 
and was united in marriage with Abraham Gall, who 
preceded her fifteen years ago. The funeral services were 
conducted by Bro. W. Q. Calvert. Lulu A. Weaver. 

GIBBLE, Bro. Solomon, died July 1, 1902, of cancer 
in the face and throat, aged 65 years, 7 months and 26 
days. He united with the church many years ago. He 
leaves a wife and several children. Funeral by the home 
ministry. Interment in the churchyard at Huntsdale, Fa. 

J. E. Hollinger. 
HECKMAN, Bro. Ara T. (my father), died at the 
home of his son Miller, in the bounds of the Laporte 
" church, Ind., Jan. 2, 1903, aged S2 years, 10 months and 8 
days. Fie is survived by six children, two brothers and 
rjve sisters. He served the church for quite a number 
of years. Funeral services by Eld. Black, from Haggai 
2; 7. Rachel C. Merchant. 

HERSHBERGER, Bro. Henry, died in the Springfield 
church, Ohio, Dec. 26, 1902, of pneumonia, aged 79 years, 
1 month and 2 days. He was married to Elizabeth Mish- 
ler Nov. 1, 1846. He was a brother in the church for 
many years, and did very much for its support. He 
leaves his life companion. H. E. Kurtz. 

JONES, Sister Lydia. died in the Laporte church, Ind., 
Dec. 25, 1902, aged 72 years, 11 months and 3 days. Her 
husband, Bro. John Jones, and five children survive her. 
Funeral services by Eld. Archie Van Dyke, from Psa. 
116: 15. Rachel C. Merchant. 

JULIUS, Clorinda, died in the bounds of the Kaskaskia 
church, 111., Dec. 21, 19.02, aged 65 years 9 months and 
26* days. Funeral services by the writer from Heb. 9: 
27; alter which she was laid to rest in the cemetery by 
the side of her husband. D. T. Wagner. 

LICHTY, Barbara, widow of Emanuel Lichty, who for 
many years served as deacon, died in the Meyers dale 
congregation. Pa.. Dec. 26, 1902, aged 82 years, ti months 
and 6 days. Buried in Union cemetery by the side of 
husband. Services by the writer, from Heb. 4: 9. 

C. G. Lint. 
LIGHTELL, friend Chas, husband of Sister Mary J. 
Lightell, died Nov. 8, 1902, in the bounds of the Broad- 
water church, Mo., aged 50 years, 6 months and 19 days. 
Services by the writer, from Heb. 9: 27. Ira P. Eby. 

McCLINTOC, John, died in Kansas City, Kans., Jan. 
1, 1903, aged 73 years. Uncle John was a friend to the 
church, but while waiting for the convenient season was 
instantly killed near his door by being run down with 
a trolley car. Text, 1 Sam. 20: 3. I. H. Crist. 

MUNSON, Sister Mary A., nee Wolff, died Dec. 25. 
1902, in the Pokagon congregation, Cass County, Mich., 
aged 56 years, 10 months and 1 1 days. She was born 
in Russia, and with her parents came to New Jersey in 
1851, and in 1855 they moved to Lagrange, where June 
7, 1866, she wedded A. A. Munson, of that place. To 
this union were born ten children, seven girls and three 
boys, nine of whom survive her; one daughter preceded 
her to the spirit world. She with her husband united 
with the Brethren church in the spring of 1870, and lived 
a devoted Christian life. Funeral services in the M. E. 
church of this place, Mr. Jas. Springsteen officiating. 
She leaves a husband and nine children, one sister and 
two brothers. A. A. Munson. 

. PALMER, Bro. Madison, died at his son-in-law's in 
the Burks Fork congregation, Va., Dec. 28, 1902, aged 
about 93 years. He united with the Brethren church 
some six years ago. He had been in feeble health for 
quite a while. Z. Keith. 

PATTERSON, Bro. Thomas, died in the Kansas City 
church, Kans., Dec. 19, 1902, aged 68 years. He was our 
colored brother. He had been a minister forty-five years 
in the M. E. church, and was baptized by the writer three 
years ago. Bro. Patterson was upright in all his ways. 
In the absence of the writer the funeral was preached by 
James Hardy, of Olathe, in the colored church. 

I. H. Crist. 
RATCLIFF, Susan, wife of Mac Ratcliff, died in the 
Burks Fork congregation, Va., of stomach trouble, Dec. 
23, 1902. She had been a member of the Brethren church 
for a number of years. Z. Keith. 

SAUNDERS, Sister Nancy S., died in the Kansas City 
church, Kans., Jan. 1, 1903, aged 67 years and 9 months. 
Sister Saunders was born in Franklin County, Virginia. 
The family moved to Missouri in 1881 and came to Kan- 
sas City three years ago. Her suffering was intense. 
She was the mother of eight children, seven, with the 
husband, are living. Funeral text, 1 Sam. 20: 18. 

I. H. Crist. 
SAYLOR, William, died in the Meyersdale congrega- 
tion. Pa., Dec. 9, 1902, of heart dropsy, aged 68 years, 
11 months and 8 days. He was a consistent member 
of the church for many years. Services by the writer, 
assisted by Bro. E. F. Clark, from John 12: 26. 

C. G. Lint. 
SHIVELY, George W., died in the bounds of the 
Buffalo Valley congregation, Pa., Dec. 30, 1902, aged 61 
years, 3 months and 21 days. Deceased was the son of 
the late Christian Shively. He leaves a wife, who for 
many years has been a consistent member of the Breth- 
ren church, four sons and three daughters to mourn his 
departure. Funeral services by Bro. Greene Shively. In- 
terment in the Brethren's cemetery at the Pike. 

Adda M. Shively. 
THUMA, David H., died in the bounds of the Sanger- 
ville congregation, Va., of typhoid fever and pneumonia, 
Dec. 31, 1902, aged 34 years, 1 month and 26 days. He 
leaves a little daughter (his wife having died nearly six 
years ago), father, five brothers and four sisters to mourn. 
Services at the Sangerville Methodist church, of which 
he was a member, by Mr. Hawk. Annie R. Miller. 

ZEIGLER. Bro. Daniel, died at his home near Lingles- 
town, Pa., Dec. 29, 1902. aged 66 years. In apparently 
good health, unexpectedly in the evening he passed away 
in his arm chair. He was a faithful and active member 
of the church for a number of years. His widow, mother 
and two sisters are left to mourn his departure. Services 

at his home and then at Paxton meetinghouse, where his 
remains were laid to rest, conducted by Eld. John Wit- 
mer and Bro. Adam Shope, from 2 Tim. 4: 8 and Rev. 
14: 13- A. M. Kuhns. 

■•••• ANNOUNCEMENTS ••••• 


Jan. 19, Payette. 

Jan. 24, 2 pni, Crystal. 



The special terms mentioned below arc limited to the 
ministers of the Brethren church. Those whose names 
are not in the Brethren's Almanac will please send ref- 
erence. Whether books for ministers be ordered by mail, 
express or freight, by single copy, or a number together, 
the amounts named for "cost of postage and packing" 
must invariably accompany all orders. 

Trine Immersion as the Apostolic Form of Christian Bap- 
tism. — By James Quinter. Price, 90 cents. To minis- 
ters, 15 cents. 

Bible Dictionary.— By Smith and Peloubet. Price, $2.00. 
To ministers, 25 cents. 

Pocket Reference Testament. — With the reference follow- 
ing each verse. No. 16. Price, 50 cents. To any min- 
ister not able to -pay 50 cents, 8 cents. 

Life and Labors of Elder John Kline.— Price, $1.25. To 
ministers, 25 cents. 

A Square Talk About the Inspiration of the Bible.— By 
H. L. Hastings. Price, 50 cents. To ministers, 9 


The Brethren's Tracts and Pamphlets, — Price, $1.00. To 
ministers, 4 cents. 

Seven Churches of Asia. — By D. L. Miller. Price, 75 

cents. To ministers, 14 cents. 
Doctrine of the Brethren Defended.— By R. H. Miller. 

Price, 75 cents. To ministers, 14 cents. 

The Resurrection. — By J. S. Mohler. Price, 50 cents. To 
ministers, 10 cents. 

The Bulwarks of the Faith.— By James M. Gray. Price, 
75 cents. To ministers, 10 cents. 

Brethren Sunday School Lesson Commentary for 1903. — 
By I. B. Trout. Price, 80 cents. To ministers, 16 

Nave's Topical Bible.— To ministers, $3.16. 

The Eternal Verities.— By D. L. Miller. Price, $1.25. To 
ministers, 19 cents. 
The special arrangements for ministers apply only when 
books are ordered for their own use. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

I I 

1 The Inglenook J 

X For the coming year will be replete with good A 

X things, more and better than in the past. There 4. 

* will be accounts of travel, original stories, articles 

* by experts, and with one and another of the con- 

* templated improvements 

The Inglenook 

Will be one of the most entertaining and in- 
structive magazines published anywhere. Its spe- 
cial features will be announced from time to time, 
and every reader will be interested, from the young- 
est to the oldest. What it has been in the past 
will be improved on in the future. 

The Inglenook 

Costs only a dollar for a full year, and it will 
bring with it either the Inglenook Cook Book, while 
the limited edition lasts, or the Inglenook Doctor 
Book, as the subscriber may select, as a premium. 
The time to subscribe is NOW. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 
j. ■» ■ ! 1 1 I 1 ■ ! ' • ! • -ii ■ ! ' * ' I ' * ■ ! ■ ' M - - fr • « • • ! ■ • ! ■ * ■ ! • W4t 

Below will be found what Bro. J. E. Miller has to say 
about the " Eternal Verities " : 

I have just finished reading this book and must say 
it is worth not only a careful reading, but a thorough 
study. The author has wisely selected the best on the 
subject and has lold it in the simplest language, which 
is always the most forceful way of presentation. It is 
one thing to listen to a young fellow fresh from college 
talk about the mistakes in the Bible; it is a different 
thing to road the pages of one who has carefully and thor- 
oughly gone over the subject and writes the conviction 
that has been burned deep into his heart. Bro. Miller has 
done many noble services to the church, but never a nobler 
One than when he brought forth this book of evidences. 

"Eternal Verities" will prove the stay and comfort 
of many a young person who reads it. It deserves a 
wide reading. The book will bear comparison with the 
standard works along its line and will not suffer in the 
least by the comparison. It not only should be in the 
home of each one of our people, but should be in the 
homes of many others, h is a great thing to go and de- 
clare the Truth to a heathen people; it is equally great to 
cause those who live in a land where the Truth is known 
to cling to the Truth. And this book will have just such 
an effect. J. E. Miller. 

Urbana, III. 

The first edition is exhausted and has been on the mar- 
ket only a short time. We are appointing agents every 
day and if you want to make some money quick write us 
for terms and full particulars. Be sure to give name of 
township wanted to canvass in. Price only, $1.25 in cloth 
binding. Address, 

Elgin, I1L 

Sunday School Commentary 

J3t Pockst eJltlou for 
is Now Ready. 

Just the thing for busy peo- 
ple. Convenient in size, it 
can be carried in pocket or 
hand bag, ready for instant 
and frequent use. A little gi- 
ant of completeness. A real 
helper to the Bible student. 
Send for one to-day. Size, 
254x5% inches. Red linen, 
embossed and stamped in 
black, 25 cents; red morocco, 
embossed and stamped in 
gold, 35 cents; red morocco, 
interleaved edition, two blank 
pages between each lesson 
for notes, 50 cents. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Our Book and Bible Catalogue 

FOR 1903 

111 be sent Free Upon Request. 

to any Address 

It contains many handsome cuts of books and Bibles 
and gives full descriptions and prices of same. It is the 
largest and most complete catalogue ever issued by the 
House. Order one to-day. A postal card will bring it 
to you. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 


It is announced that the extension of the Verdigre branch 
of the North-Western Line to Bonesteel, S. Dak., on the 
edge of the Rosebud Indian Reservation, is now open for 
traffic. Part of the Rosebud lands are to be opened for 
settlement next spring, and it is expected there will be a 
tremendous rush into this country now that the new rail- 
way is built. The line passes through some of the richest 
grazing lands in the wqrld. The Rosebud lands them- 
selves are known for their value in this regard and doubt- 
less the opening of this public land will attract large 
crowds from all over the country. 

t ^ 



January 17, 1903 


Fairview church met in council Jan. j. Bro. D. A. 
Wolf, who had been called to the ministry some time 
previous, was installed. We expect our elder to move 
here in the spring. Other members also are coming and 
we hope to be able to accomplish much good. — Ruth Og- 
den, Hfoulton, Iowa. Jan. 5. 

Mt. Morris Bible Institute.— One week of the Bible In- 
stitute is in the past, and it has been a season of grace 
10 all who attended it. The lectures by Bro. T. T. My- 
ers—in the morning on the " Doctrine of Final Things," 
and in the afternoon on "The Christian Life" — are very 
inspiring and encouraging to all who have a desire to 
know the Truth. His sermons in the evening are also 
much appreciated by the large audiences attending. Sis- 
ter Alice Boone is also with us and has given talks on 
home and city mission work that will prove helpful to 
all earnest church workers. Besides the lectures and ser- 
mons by Bro. Myers, there are daily classes in Moral 
Science, Scripture and Hymn Reading. Church History, 
Life of Christ. Chalk Preaching, and Homilctics. The 
attendance is fully up to that of last year, several States 
being represented.— J. G. Royer, Mt. Morris, 111., Jan 12 


" Write wbut thou seest, and send It unto the churches. " - 

TON, D. C. 

The Helping Hand Society, of Washington, D. C, ac- 
knowledges the receipt of the following donations for 
month ending Dec. 31, 1902: 

Lydia Fidler and Mary Moore, Fredricktown. Ohio, $2; 
Lizzie E. Trostle, Westminster, Md., $1; no name, New 
Philadelphia, Ohio, 25 cents; Bro. Ogle, Washington, D. 
C, $j; Dickey Sunday school, Ashland, Ohio, $3.57; Bar- 
bara Gish, Roanoke, 111., $5; class No. 3 of Ivester Sun- 
day school, Iowa, per Elizabeth B. Albright, $10.72; Emma 
Reitz. Friedens, Pa., $2; LinvilJe Creek Sewing Society, 
Va., $3.25; money earned by work of our sewing school, 
$20.18; Double Pipe Creek Sewing Society, of Maryland, 
one package of clothing and cash, §3.37; Aid Society of 
Mill Creek congregation, Va., one box of clothing; Lin- 
vilJe Creek Sewing Society, Va., one box of clothing; Mrs. 
Springer, of District of Columbia, clothing, and Mrs. Burr, 
of District of Columbia, clothing. 

To those who so kindly responded to the call made 
through Gospel Messenger we wish to express our thanks. 
As a result may souls be converted to Christ 1 

_ ^ Carrie A. Westergren. 

401-11 S. E. 

we met at the home of Bro. Stover for public worship. 
This meeting, though small and almost exclusively mem- 
bers, was none the less enjoyable. In the evening we 
were invited to occupy the U. B. house in town where we 
had another good meeting. There are but three families 
of members living here at Waverly, viz, Bro. Stover, Ja- 
cob Huffman and his father, Isaac Huffman. I visited in 
all these homes and felt that nur cause at Waverly will 
not suffer under their influence. 

With Bro. D. M. Click and others still my traveling 
companions, we left Waverly on the morning of Dec. 29 
for Spokane, where another nucleus of members reside, 
and the same evening met at the home of Daniel Aschen- 
brenner. The next day we held a church meeting at the 
same place. The meeting was a good one, though small. 
The few members in Spokane arc awake to the mission 
cause and are arranging to secure a churchhouse as soon 
as they can. 

Spokane is a city of about sixty thousand, and is des- 
tined to make one of the largest as well as the finest 
cities of the Northwest. We are quife anxious that our 
Brethren traveling through, especially ministering breth- 
ren, stop and visit the Brethren when suitable. The Spo- 
kane congregation was forward in her contribution to the 
District mission work, so that the writer was spared the 
task of soliciting. 

On the evening of Dec. 30, after our last meeting, the 
writer, accompanied by Brother and Sister West and Sis- 
ter Huffman, of Tekoa, boarded the train for home, where 
we arrived on the morning of Dec. 31, having been absent 
four weeks. May the Lord abundantly bless the churches 
whose fellowship we enjoyed, is my prayer. D. B. Eby. 

Sunday School Teachers 


Are you interested in Sunday school work? If 
you are you will want the best help ] 

< Do You Want 

' ft* 

< The Brethren Almanac 

i For 1903? 


My last communication closed with my visit to the 
Is'ezperce church. On the morning of Dec. 24 I boarded 
the N. P. train en route for Tekoa. Wash. Going via 
Moscow, I stopped off there between trains and would 
have spent a few days with the scattered members of this 
place, but my time would not permit 

At Moscow some years ago the Brethren had a flourish- 
ing church, but chronic discord and jealousies have done 
their work as a canker until there are left but a faithful 
few to tell the story. Brethren Gwin and M. M. Bashor, 
of Lewiston, are supplying the preaching for the time 

After spending several hours here during a rain and 
snowstorm I again boarded the train for Tekoa, where I 
arrived the same evening. Here Bro. D. M. Click met me 
and took me to his home, which is his and Bro. B. F 
Click's jointly. After enjoying a comfortable night in this 
home we were ushered into our Lord's traditional birth- 
day. The trains during the previous day were crowded 
with people going somewhere to spend Christmas, some 
in a drunken revelry and masquerade dancing, others to 
enjoy a good visit with friends, and perhaps a few in 
appropriate services. Here in Tekoa the Brethren had 
arranged for services in the Christian churchhouse at II 
A. M., and also in the evening. These services were com- 
paratively well attended, and as I was to remain there 
till Saturday we had another meeting on Friday evening 
The Brethren here are laboring at a disadvantage on ac- 
count of not having a churchhouse of their own, but they 
are looking forward with the hope that they can have one 
of their own before many years more. 

On Saturday morning, Dec. 27, with a number of others 
I boarded the rain for Waverly, another point in this 
same congregati , known as the Spokane church This 
is the home of Bro. J. H. Stover, the secretary of our 
District Mission Board. After being conveyed to his hos- 
pitable home and spending a few hours very pleasantly 
we all repaired to the M. E. churchhouse for communion 
services. Seven brethren and five sisters constituted the 
number that communed. The house was crowded with 
people, but good order prevailed. Some were amused at 
the scene, while others evidently had serious reflections 
in our interview after meeting we readily discovered that 
brethren Stover and Click were in their preaching devel- 
oping favorable sentiment to our cause. The meeting 
was a good one and enjoyed by all. On Sunday morning 

11 so, renew your subscription to the Gospel Messenghr at as 
ear], a date as possible. The Almanac will be sent tree to those 
only who subscribe or renew their subscription lor 1903. 

Consult the label on your paper and notice, it the time is marked 
paid up only until January. 1903. that you will have to renew your 
subscription lor the next year before the Almanac will be mailed to 
you. 01 course those who have their paper paid in advance up to 
or beyond March 1st will receive the Almanac the same as beiore. 

PLBASB RBJHBMBBR this and get your subscription. In at an 
early date it you expect to have the Almanac in time lor the present 

If it is convenieni. hand your subscriptions to one oi our agents - 
otherwise remit direct to the house. Please get your orders in at 


Elgin, Illinois. fe 

The Brethren's 

Sunday School 


Is just the thing to give you an insight to the lesson, so thiU 
you may be able to present the truth in an intelligent manner 
and with all the force possible. 

No teacher should go before his class without the les- 
son fully at his command and 

No Better Help Can Be Found 

than our Commentary. It contains 282 pages, including 
the Dictionary and Inserts, which are more fully de- 
scribed in the New Catalogue, a copy of which will be 
mailed free to any address. 

Price, cloth-bound, 80c. Address, 

Elgin, I1L 




Is a new book that we have just published. The au- 
thor, Sister Elizabeth D. Rosenberger, needs no introduc- 
tion to the readers of the Messenger. Her new book is 
a collection of Bible stories beginning with Adam and Eve 
in the Garden of Eden. 

She represents Aunt Dorothy as gathering four or five 
young people around her in the evenings, and telling these 
Bible stories in a way that makes them seem real and 
interesting. Hagar and Ishmael, Isaac and Reliekah live 
again in these pages. These stories will lead our young 
people to love and study the Bible. The book is beau- 
tifully illustrated and will make a rare Christmas gift for 
your boy or girl. 

Artistic cover design. Price, 35 cents. Address all or- 
ders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 


„„H ^i'n^S" com ,"'"'" '!"»e "I 'ho kind on the market. It I, entirely new 
and .. made up In hook lo„„. confining , S o page,. Each page i, so 

betaS.K JSJ&JS "° '"" I k °'"' T "" ""- ,e b ?° k fiUrf ""' «""" 

^^K^i-gr3^en,r r yLn h y»u»^^e^-S 
skill the book Is arranged you will appreciate it. ° , '" ra " ,e "■■» "".I 

BoS IS ?fl C !j ,h ' „ Red Ed S"' <U«»talInl Stamp on Side.. . f, „„ 
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H ' * ' I ' '*' * '1' '1' ' M ' * ■ ! ■ • I "H«M"H"H"H"f-X 

Job Printing 

If you want your printing neatly done, and in short 
; order, send it to the House, and especially your 

District Meeting Minutes. 

By having them all printed at the same place, it will 
be done uniformly, which will make it much more con- 
venient for those who keep all the minutes on file. 

Submit your work to us, and we will quote you prices 
promptly. Address 

Elgin, Illinois. 

»M-M-»»»»»»|- H~M-H'»». l . ■ !■ it ,|„i „i . , t , < 

Ask for Samples—Sunday schools wanting new supplies 

should „k for sample, of our Quarterlies. Sunday-school Paper,, 
Card,, and desenphve catalogue before purchasing elsewhere. 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended.-By R H Miller 

An able treatise on ihc divinity of Christ and the Holy Spirit lm- 

Ac"oTirB h, Y M0 V' """^ Timo Im ™™°°- ".e Forward 
Aetmn ,„ Baptism, Fce.-wosbing, the Lord', Supper, the Holy 

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A Modern Allegory 

that fills a pressing 
need in this period of 
worldly tendencies 
among Christian peo- 

It is a book that 
^vividly illustrates the 
danger of yielding to , 
the temptations that 
beset our young peo- 
ple on every hand. 
Fathers and mothers, 
it is your duty to set 
your children to think- 
ing along these lines, 
and this book will 
leave a lasting im- 
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Cloth, Postpaid, 
Only $1,00. 

Address all orders to 


Elgin, Illinois. 

The Cry of the Two=Thirds. 
♦ * ♦ 

A dreat Story with a Qreat Purpose 
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r«ad A .„ b H°" '°T"l T""- A " l « Sel °«"»« » " !■ P»»«IU1. It' Will bo 
read and re-read, and shape character and conduct lor Hie. Young men and 
young women read It. I, contain, 678 page,, clear type, laid pap.,, elegant- 
ly bound In handaome cloth, only ft. 50. 
Send all orders to 

Elgin Illinois, 


The Gospel Messenger 

,-,*> ^ V vvv.V^^& ET FOR THE DEFENSE OF THE GOSPEL.'-Phil. ,: ,,. " 

Vo1 " 42 ' Elgin, III., January 24, 1903 „ 

■^^ . No. 4. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. i„ g drunkep persons and for pitting gamble or Perha , s never h f „ . " ~-\ 

Editorial,- "K presence of loose women on licensed premises The . ^"f 8 neVer be£ore was *ere so great a lack of . 

Unscrip.ural Marriages • ,- licensing court may refuse to renew a license without t , , "" g rCm " ™' U ' Eti " n " '^ bein S mad ^ 

THr^ P a^r g . s -.;:::-;- ;::;::::: **? a reason ' and i£ the p * mis ' es ■» "- ^ %?£ZZZL*Z 7" n an " re :r " Con - 

The Brakes Set ! . . ! . ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! % school °r native compound the license will not be r i °" C " '"'" ° M •"'"" 

• T^H^'of-john the Baptist,- \ V "| » At tte «*** °* * tenth of the voters a L^ ££ ~7" in ^ "'^f """^ « 

The Death of a Colored PrLher \ \ \ \ \ ! \ \ \ \ % poll may be taken in any village, ward or municipal- Z"Z n "»"I>™»ig '"" S °' m ' ° f a 

whe a „ tm «iv?S' ,es : .:::::::::: J "* and a bare ™j°"<y p°«i»g win be sufficient to to ' e !„ tZT \ no l always bee " 

Rahab's Home ^ 1 1 S obtain prohibition of the sale of liquor in that locality ' herC " ;,s "° doubt reaso " for 

K'S'SS- .::::::: :::;::: for - '-' *~ — «■ ^^"^TK ^ffJJ^'Z ""T di " not always d0 

-S;r ne — ::S a* JSffJus.w -taatRKffl 

The Wheels of Progress. By Daniel Vaniman 51 M 0T l orl p. a „ n fh . u-,,, v „. ,„,. , , less be productive of good. Letting in the lirflt is a 

Hindrances to Church Attendance Examined. By , , ° ag ° the New York Impendent gave some E00 d thine M™ „, ,„„ r, £ 

p Ch , as - = M ; Y «rout y 51 facts showing to what an extent censorship is exer- tT , T " ' hat the - v do 

^liwafer! ?!..fT* , ?* t Corin,h ' By R \ 2 --din Turkey. The A**,** suffers from being ""^"^ tar ,f^ will he made known, [f 

Deficient in Mission Work. " By John H. Peck,: V. % denied the Turkish mails. The preface of a book , „ WWe a " owe ' 1 ,0 shine in tlf 

How^o'^e^lrin^res 5 ^^ %*ZW ^ * ^ ""** * "* ^ ~ ° f -uW IktoTfl up" nTt^ "", ^ "1 "* !"'' 
sions in our Sunday Schools. By Mary Grace the progress of Christianity. It was forbidden be- , '° "" "''• "Ot.tiample under foot those 

Sh?U We n Con'tinue 'hoid^VByCH ^ """ **> ^ " 0t Wish " P Alished that Christianity "' ''" ''" '^""^ '" thc SUa «& °* Hfa 

Plani k Modeii "Rv' T„i,'„ f' X,.' 'I' ,' S3 Had made 3ny P r °g ress - A commentary on the Epis- 

Home and Family- * " e ° f Pal " l ° the GalatianS was Wd »P to demand /LKSutan of the Sulu islands is dead. This group 

Praying i„ School. By Nora E Berkebile - " ie "^ ° f this Paul who had the te merity to write ! sla " ds ls '" thc extreme southern end of the Phil- 

His Last Christmas. By Lizzie Hilary,. .'.].'.]'. \ '.'. '55 to the people of Galata, a section of Constantinople ' Pl "" e arcl,1 P eIa 6°- The area is al»ut nine hundred 

%N R m Bake a " <I . D . ningS .° f . a Th r«- Y "r-CTld. From a book on astronomy every use of the Turkish a " d fift - v s< l uare mil « •""' • ll »"" seventy-five thou- 

Si Sr S M^' ss ' on ^' rcle at Me^rtdii^,' Pa^ ' ' By word for ■*»• had to be expunged, because the Sul- sa " d P e0 P le livc °" the islands. The Sultan was ab- 

McPh a rson" C Church' Aid Society ".By Mary' v' S5 ^ ^ ' aken P ossession of *»* «ord Yildm, for his S " k " C "' " arc h. having power of life and death. He 

^arshbarger " 5 - exclusive use as the name of his palace. Rut the most was P ern H"ed by our country to reign as he did while Missionary and Tract Department,— absurd of ail was thc requirement that in a text-book ""' i "''"" K "ere under Spanish control, and h. ,,- 

HomlTsSn WoVk^B^^'z'sh'aVo M ° f Chemistry the formula for ™ter H=0 should be " iVe<1 a " alIowa "« of five thousand dollars a year. 

The One Dollar. By Chas. S. Hilary 5' changed, because it might be interpreted to mean that made less trouble for the United Stales than any 

Torolnd r its i ChS«,an h Kin S By Ja '" eS M ' Ncff h ' J ^^ " is """""^ An American safe now lies at a " lher d,icf in the Philippines, though he was in rank 

__ ' _^" :"' Turkish custom house, and will have to be returned, the m " st lm P orta nt of all. The sultan, although 

A RO 1 1 N n THF WflDI n because the authorities require that its lining shall be' scarce 'y more tlian a boy, commanded the respect of all 

removed to prove that it contains no dynamite or Wh ° Came '" contact with him - ^'Ivisc-cl by his moth, 

V«=r~„if^fi ■ --— ~~~~ ~ incendiary documents. One of our missionaries im- er ' who went t0 J ol °- ">e chief city, as a slave, he 

As a result of the investigations of the special grand ported a piano, and the authorities would not allow "''"' wisel > a,,d never <"^ his dignitt . He had , 

jury cmcago. orty-four mdictments were returned it to be admitted, but left it on the beach till it was regl,Iar Cabinct imposed of subordinate chiefs called 

bftumL m s , U t I"", n ° rp °. rat i 0nS "Saged in the ruined. A multitude of such stories are told of the <la "° S ' aml lived a lifc "' semi-barblric splendor, 

oitummous coal trade of Illinois, Indiana and Wiscon- stupid suspiciousness of the Turkish officials The Whe " hc Went ni,t amon S bis sub Jccts he always rode 

»„ fi i, e T, m ^T c haVepr0misedthatiftheV Turkish a «thorities need enlightenment Thev are a l""^ was Preceded by a candle bearer and a sword 

Zw I, ,T u y , C ° UrtS '° ^ in an illegal t,,eir ow " WOTS * e »™ ! «. for they prevent progress ' )Carer ' a " d a lhird cour( official walk «> ^ide him 

combine they will change the,r business methods so as 1 ' P ^^ carrying a gigantic umbrella over the young ruler's 

to conform with the laws of the State. An early trial Tllt; Russian government has been trying to make head. It recently was announced by the sultan that 

will be secured, so that within a few months the court Russians out of the Finns, though when Finland sur- he would visit the United States next year during the 

will decide what violates the anti-trust and conspir- rendered its independence it was. agreed that this St - Louis exposition. Thus ends the life of an inter- 

acy laws. The scarcity of coal, owing to the strike should not be done. Germany has a similar case, csting heathen ruler in territory belonging to the 

in Pennsylvania last summer, would naturally in- Th e Poles are restless. They feel that the desire of United States. May bis country henceforth be ruled 

crease the price to some extent, but not so much as to the Germans is to destroy their language and tra- ,lv Christians in a Christian manner, 

put coal practically out of reach of the poor. Some ditions. At Posen not long ago Emperor William 

men thought they saw an opportunity to reap a harvest said that was not the object. The Poles have reasons VENEZUELA is not vet at the end of her troubles 

by forcing the price up. And they succeeded, but at f o be suspicious. Recently the police prohibited the United States minister Bowen is to represent her in 

a fearful cost to their fellow-man, and ultimately at celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the liter- a conference at Washington with the representatives 

a greater cost to themselves. If even half the charges ar - v work of their greatest poetess. In the Breslau of England, Germany and Italy. In the meantime the 

made agatnst them are true, or even partially true, no district the school inspectors have ordered the teach- revolution is making considerable headway and the 

one would like to occupy their places before an earth- ers t0 see to it that the children do not speak a word supremacy of President Castro is threatened Be- 

ly court, much less before a heaven ly. of Polish. Editors of Polish newspapers are frequent- sides this, the German naval officers have been bom- 

Constantly we" have evidence that st t '/ im P, risoned - PoIish officia,s are being transferred barding the Venezuelans. This is not good policy and 

coming more and Ire tt ^ the ^ la S, T ^h " V^ TJ7 "' ^T ^ "" ""^ ""< "' attemf>ted '" "■** ^ * ^ — 
ance and are seeking ways to o err™ V .""^ °J * h ° USe '" P ° Sen had '° pa - V s even 'hundred marks But Venezuela is pitifully weak and her little strength 

of them. Th n yli uoVl 17^2 Tr ' 1 T ^ V^ "* fr ° m "' " bef ° re ** Em " " " eSlr °' Ved "* intemal diSSC " Si ° n5 ' ° f ™ UrSe ** 

b'shed by Lord Milne hs many Lj thTr " V ^ ^ ^"""^ "^ 3t P ° SCn ' °" e ° f " f a " tHe trouUe WaS the ""wUBngiM, or inability of 

of which wed? ell 1 En,S ™ the ^'^ P °' ish ' ihrarieS ' haS been P Ut in char ge the government to live up ,0 its obligations. " B „t 

be punished by a heavy ofna^ ofl, T ■ , ■ " Ge ™ a " llbrarii ' n ™ h ° d0eS " 0t k "° W the P ° lish U ''' Cn "' C men whn are to * ttle the trouble once get 

ment. No l.Wes wdl be In ed o 1 '"T™' '"^ 3S ^ ^^ "' ^ inStitUti ° n ^'^ "° W " '° ^"^ k °^ ht " 0t t0 te a ^at while 
sons or to am ne <7 < t ° e0lored P"" '« lS natural for *e Poles to wish to preserve as much until a settlement is reached. And then we hope to 

natives Barma d Ck °* 7 ^ '° ' 1S P ° SSiWe ° f their nati ° na,it - V ' U ' S als0 natural for s «' Venezuela, profiting by pas, experiences beSn 1 

bakentranlll -„T v°r ^ ^ ^ ^ Germa " S t0 W ' sh t0 abSOrb them ' I{ is new and more prosperous career. The lesson hafbeen 

sons under sxtten No ^ ^ ^ ** T^""^ ' ha ' a Way haS " 0t ^ foUnd to — a < kar "*• b "' ! " ^ end i, will be cheap if ™ 

lie houses H avv nenal, ^ "uZ "^ '" P " b " PHSh *' reSU " ^^ ^^ S ° ™ ch md S0 bit " ,0 makc the ^ ^ » their dealing, with na- 

houses. Heavy will be unposed for serv- ter resentment. tions and i„ d i vidua , s . 


January 24, 1903 

" Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needcth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Word ot Truth." 



There is a bond, — a holy tie, — 

A golden chain that binds in one 
Souls with a common sympathy, 

Who do their great Redeemer own; 
It makes each feel his neighbor's care 

And listen to his heart's complaints, 
While they their mutual burdens bear: 

It is the fellowship of saints. 

United by a common vow, 

They travel on a common road, 
Unto one God with reverence bow, 

And journey to the same abode. 
No envied powers chill their love, 

No social state their friendship taints. 
Joined by this tie from heaven above. 

The blessed fellowship of saints. 
Though rocks and hills and streams divide 

The distance where their homes may be, 
The Spirit leads them side by side, 

In fellowship and unity. 
And when in hours of loneliness 

And solitude their- spirit faints, 
Then comes to cheer, revive and bless, 

The thought of fellowship with saints. 

Oh, blessed tie! oh, holy bond, 

That joins the hearts of men below. 
That binds them to their God above, 

While each on each such love bestows. 
Blest bond that makes the burden light, 

Nor feels the soul the yoke's restraint, 
But feels the Spirit's power and might, 

When joined in fellowship with saints. 

All glory to the dying Lamb, 

Who promises, within his Word, 
Eternal fellowship with him, 

Our blest Redeemer and our Lord, 
Whose promise doth the heavenly joy. 

In rich and glowing colors paint, 
Through whom we have, without alloy, 

Eternal fellowship with saints. 
Cerrogordo, 111. 



Not long ago, during a missionary meeting in our 
local congregation, a sister asked the question: " How 
may the Raccoon Creek congregation become deeply 
interested in missions ? " She then, answered, " By 
sending missionaries from the Raccoon Creek church." 
Another question then presents itself to our consider- 
ation: "What kind of missionaries shall the church 
send?" We answer, Bible missionaries, men and 
women born of the Spirit, men who are willing to 
hazard their lives for the cause of Christ, men who 
are ready to rescue the perishing, be they in their 
own neighborhood or in the uttermost parts of the 

Another question : How can we get these mission- 
aries? We answer: One of the best ways is to raise 
them. Dedicate your children to the Lord, let there 
be more Hannahs, more Eunices, more aged sisters 
like Lois. " Let the Word of Christ dwell in you 
richly," and teach that Word to your children, teach 
them diligently, and when the voice of the Lord is 
heard, " Whom shall I send, and who will go for 
us? " we will not lack for a Samuel, an Isaiah, a Tim- 
othy who, with Mips sanctified by living coals from 
God's altar, will arise and exclaim : " Here am I ; 
send me! " 

Let us now look at some of the qualifications of a 
Bible missionary. He must have energy. If the 
world is to be evangelized, it must be done by the 
busy people. Elisha was at the plow when called to be 
a prophet; David was caring for his father's sheep 
when he was anointed king over Israel ; Peter, James 
and John were busy with their duties as fishermen 
when Jesus said, " Follow me;" and one of the great- 
est missionaries the world has ever known was cap- 
tured for Christ while journeying toward Damascus, 

through the burning heat of the noonday sun, with 
body, soul and spirit bent on his deadly work of per- 
secuting the church. 

A missionary should have tact. Mark how Jesus 
silenced the wily scribes and Pharisees by making them 
answer their own questions; how he managed the 
cruel mob that were clamoring for the life of the 
sinning woman who was not more deeply dyed in 
sin than were her accusers ; how he brought Peter to 
repentance by a look ; in fact, he was at all times 
and in all places master of the situation, and his serv- 
ants should be the same. He should use his tact by 
putting others to work. A stagnant pool breeds ma- 
laria and death; an idle church is a dangerous, deadly 
place for those who would win an incorruptible in- 
heritance, and he who fails to get his flock interested 
and, active in the saving of souls at home and abroad, 
lacks one very important trait of a Bible missionary. 

A missionary must adapt himself to all conditions 
of life. God's Son came down into the world, on a 
level with sinful man, that he might raise man to a 
higher plane, and, " The servant is not greater than 
his Lord." He must go down to the weak, to the 
vile, to the prisoner ; let him not be afraid of the Mary 
Magdalenes, nor go by on the other side at the sight 
of his fellow-man who has fallen among thieves. He 
can rejoice with those who rejoice, but he must weep 
with those who weep ; he must " be made all things 
to all men, that he may by all means save some." 

A missionary should have strength of character, 
should be a man or a woman with a determined pur- 
pose ; one whose convictions of right and of duty are 
based upon God's Word, and who has the courage 
to stand up for those convictions amidst the darkness 
of persecution, as well as in the sunshine of popularity. 
The world is full of sin ; it lurks in the palaces of 
wealth, as well as in the hovels of poverty, and un- 
regenerate man loves that sin, he justifies himself in 
its practice, and too frequently is willing to deal out 
disgrace and death to him who exposes his faults. 
A Bible missionary must rebuke sin wherever he finds 
it, be it in the professed follower of Christ, or in him 
who never named that sacred name; he must do it, 
though his ardent admirers turn into bitter enemies : 
though the flatterer of to-day is changed into the per- 
secutor to-morrow. Paul at Lystra scarce restrained 
the people from worshiping him, but the tide of popu- 
larity turned, and instead of oxen and garlands, in- 
struments of man-worship, cruel stones were hurled 
at the beloved apostle and he was drawn from the 
city as one dead. But did he waver in his course? 
No ; surrounded by his brethren he rose up, proclaimed 
the Gospel at Derbe, came right back to Lystra and 
exhorted his brethren to continue in the faith, that they 
must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom 
of God. 

A missionary must have stability. It is not enough 
that he wield the Sword of the Spirit valiantly in a few 
battles, but he must be a soldier seven days of the 
week and twenty-four hours of the day, and he will 
not be discharged till the close of his earthly pilgrim- 

He must be a " living epistle, known and read of all 
men," known by his appearance, by his deportment, 
both in private and in public, by his dealings with 
the world, by his very countenance which will tell 
that he has been with Christ. I recall to memory a 
man of God ; his face was homely, his speech not elo- 
quent with man's wisdom ; he had no polished delivery ; 
but the story of the cross fell from his lips with such 
power that it brought conviction to the heart; his 
presence in our home was like the visitation of an 
angel ; he sang, he prayed, he talked to us children of 
our duty to God, and when we looked into his face, 
we thought he must look like Jesus. Was this a 
childish fancy? No, it was the indwelling Christ in 
that man ; and unless Christ dwell in the missionary 
his work will be in vain. But bear in mind that Christ 
will not dwell in the heart where he does not 
reign and rule. God spoke amidst the thunder 
and quaking of Mt. Sinai : " I the Lord thy God am a 
jealous God," and he is the same jealous God to-day, 
for he changes not. Jesus said : " If a man love me, 

he will keep my words, and my Father will love him, 
and we will come unto him, and make our abode with 
him." My brother, my sister, is Christ dwelling in 
your heart? Do you love him enough to give up the 
sinful fashions and practices of the world? If you 
do not, Christ is not in you. His Word says : " If 
any man love the world, the love of the Father is 
not in him." Are you bound to some evil, sinful 
habit? If you are, Christ is not in you. His Word 
says: " Where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is lib- 
erty." Do you love your money more than Christ? 
Are you willing that your fellow-men perish for the 
Bread of Life when you have the means to send it to 
them, and when Christ died that they might live? 
Are you, so* far as God has blessed you with talent, a 
Bible missionary? Yes, you are, if Christ is en- 
throned within. You may not be able to preach, 
you may not cross the briny deep, but you can have 
the love of God burning in your heart, you can give 
him your best service, your best gift, be that time, 
money, broad acres, children or whatever you may 
possess ; but remember, nothing but the best will meet 
the demand. 

The King of Glory has, prepared a marriage feast for 
his Son, his oxen and fatlings are killed, and all 
things are ready. Those who were bidden have made 
light of the invitation, they have spitefully entreated 
and slain the messengers that were sent unto them ; 
the table is bountifully spread, wedding garments for 
each are in readiness. Go out, ye servants, ye Bible 
missionaries, go into the highways and hedges, tell 
those who have never heard, those who are in heathen 
darkness, tell them the Bridegroom is coming, tell them 
to " come, for all things are ready." 

Ladoga, Ind. 



In Five ?arts.— Part Four. f^ 


After Coverdale, and at times a colaborer with him, 
the most important translator was John Rogers, alias 
Thomas Matthew. Just why he chose to issue his 
translation under an assumed name is not certainly 
known, but what is known to be his work came from 
the press in 1537. It is a noteworthy edition from 
the fact that it is the first authorised version, — that is, 
the first version which appeared with the king's li- 
cense, for on its title page appear these words, " Set 
forth with the kinges most gracyous lycece." But 
this "lycece" was only nominal, for the time had 
not yet fully come for the English kings to look upon 
the Bible for all the people with universal favor. 
" Matthew's Bible" as this version was called is im- 
portant for its " notes and concordance," and because it 
is the textual foundation of our present Bible. 

.But Rogers was to see troublesome times. When 
Queen Mary, " Bloody Mary " as she was called, came 
to the throne, strong Catholic as she was, " so promi- 
nent a Protestant as Rogers could not hope to es- 
cape." Confined for about one year in his own home 
as a prisoner, then eighteen months among thieves 
and murderers at Newgate prison, he was prepared for 
what was to follow. On the morning of Feb. 4, 1555, 
he was summoned before the notorious Bishop Gar- 
diner and told to prepare himself for the stake. Then 
repeating the words, " Lord, receive my spirit," the 
torch was. applied and all that was mortal of John 
Rogers was reduced to ashes. But his work was to 
live long after the bloody queen was forgotten. 

Richard Taverner, another author, was a colaborer" 
with Rogers. He is first brought into notice in his 
youth" by being imprisoned, with several other young 
men, in a cellar at Oxford College for reading Tin- 
dale's New Testament. His version was essentially 
the same as Rogers' edition, but gotten up in some- 
what better style. His life apparently lacks the conse- 
cration and purity of thought of the earlier trans- 
lators, and the general influence of his work was not 
of great moment. 

January 24, 1903 


As mentioned above, Rogers' Bible was published 
by the king's permission. This permission was large- 
ly due to Thomas Cromwell, minister to the king, a 
strong advocate of Bible-translation. But neither 
Coverdale's nor Rogers' translations were satisfac- 
tory to him. So, in 1538, he asked Coverdale to " un- 
dertake an entirely new revision," using Rogers' ver- 
sion as a basis to work from. This Coverdale did, 
and as a result what is known as the Great Bible was 
brought forth. The work was largely carried on in 
Paris, where they had received permission from the 
king of France to do the printing. But this did not 
suit the Catholics and they endeavored to stop the 
work in many ways. At last, just as the whole work 
was about to be completed, the officers of the Inqui- 
sition stepped in and ordered the work of printing 
to cease and seized what sheets were on hands. Co- 
verdale and his assistant, Grafton, escaped to England. 
Later, under the protection of Cromwell, they returned 
to Paris and removed the " presses, types, workmen 
to London." They found the printed sheets at a gen- 
tlemen's furnishing store, where they had been sold 
by the officers to wrap caps and hats in, so that by 
this good fortune they were enabled to put the com- 
plete book on sale in the spring of 1539. It was 

called the Great Bible from its size — large folio a 

size then very rare. 

It bears this inscription on its title page : " The 
Byble in Englyshe, that is to saye the content of all 
the holy scripture, bothe of ye olde and newe tes- 
tament truly translated after the veryte of the Hebrue 
and Greke textes, by ye'dylygent studye of dyuerse ex- 
cellent learned men expert in the forsayde tonges." 
This title page was surrounded by an elaborate orna- 
mental design and we can give no better description 
than to quote from " The English Bible " by Rev. 
George Milligan, of Caputh, Scotland: "At the top 
of the page Christ is depicted in the clouds of heaven. 
His arms are outstretched and two scrolls proceed 
out of his mouth. On one appears the inscription in 
„I-ati,n: ' The word which goeth forth from me shall 
not return to me empty, but shall accomplish whatso- 
ever I will have done.' The other (scroll) is ad- 
dressed to King Henry who is represented as kneel- 
ing bareheaded and reads : ' I have found me a man 
after mine own heart, who shall fulfill all my will. 
To this Henry makes answer : ' Thy word is a lan- 
tern unto my feet.' The King now seated on his 
throne, is himself the central figure of the next part 
of the page. He is engaged in handing the 'Word, 
of God ' to Cranmer and other clergy on the right 
hand, and to Cromwell and other lay peers on the 
left. To the clergy his address is: 'These things 
command and teach ;' to the laymen : ' fudge right- 
eously : ye shall hear the small as well as the great. 
A third scroll bears the words : ' I make a decree that 
in all my Empire and Kingdom men should tremble 
3)4 fear before the living God.' Below this, Cran- 
mer and Cromwell are distributing the Bible, and at 
the bottom of the page a preacher addresses a crowd 
from a pulpit in the open air, beginning: ' I exhort, 
therefore, that first of all supplications, prayers] 
thanksgivings be made for all men, for kings.' At 
the mention of kings all shout in Latin (the children 
who know no Latin in English), 'God save the King.' " 
Taken alotgether, it was an elaborate piece of work 
and from a historical point of view very interesting. 
At the close of the volume appear these words: 
" This is the Lord's doing," thus giving the Lord 
the praise. As before stated, this version was to be 
based upon Rogers' translation, but Coverdale gave 
it all a complete and careful revision. He based his 
■ revisions upon the best Hebrew, Greek and Latin 
texts then at his command, and thus the Great Bible 
became the foundation for the King James Version. 
It is not to be supposed that Coverdale's work was 
perfect. It had many errors. He sacrificed fact at 
times, especially in the Psalms, for melody and rhythm. 
But it remained for nearly one hundred years the popu- 
lar version of the Holy Scriptures in English and did 
much to create a love and veneration for God's Word 
among the common people. 

After the Great Bible it was several vears before 
any new versions were attempted. The " Bishop's 
Revision," which had been proposed, fell through with 
because Bishop Gardiner insisted in keeping so many 
Latin phrases in the text that, to the ordinary reader, 
it would have been unintelligible. One of the most 
important translations of this period, however, was 
Whittingham's New Testament, published in 1557. 
This work was from the Greek and is notable for two 
reasons, common to us now. It was the first edition, 
in English, to be divided into verses and the use of 
different type to indicate words that were not found 
in the original but supplied to make the meaning clear. 
These two things have come down to us in the King 
James Version. In his " Address to the Reader." 
Whittingham says his work was more especially for 
" simple lambs which partly are already in the fold 
of Christ, and partly wandering, through ignorance." 

In 1560 appeared the first Genevan version, not the 
work of one man, or two at most, as heretofore, but 
a body of men formed foi the purpose. Whitting- 
ham, above mentioned, was among the number; also 
Knox, Coverdale and Calvin may have assisted. The 
whole Bible was issued in the same form as Whitting- 
ham's Testament, and its influence upon our own Au- 
thorized Version is very notable, and it became popu- 
lar at once. In this edition we have the introduction 
of marginal notes. 

In 1568 appeared the Bishop's Bible, so called be- 
cause of its being prepared largely by the bishops 
under the direction of Archbishop Parker. It was 
full of inconsistencies, if not errors, as might be ex- 
pected from such parcelling out among men not quali- 
fied for such work. But it remained the most widely 
used version among the churchmen despite its irregu- 
larities, for many years. 

From this time until the coming of the King James 
Version there were a number of minor translations, 
which, owing to lack of space, we only mention here. 
The Rheims New Testament (1582) ; The Donai Old 
Testament (1609) ; these two were prepared by Cath- 
olics for Catholics to meet the demand for the Word 
among them. Then there were other Genevan ver- 
sions, but all were only to lead to the great under- 
taking, which gave to the world, in 161 1, the Au- 
thorized Version. 

toy North Main St., Belle fontaine , Ohio. 





The grumblers and calamity proclaimers have al- 
ways been in every community; and the denser the 
ignorance, the larger the crop. Like the savages in 
heathen lands, they are to be pitied and helped. This 
cannot be done by hating, abusing, slighting or neg- 
lecting. them; but by loving them, doing them good; 
and by precept and example leading them into more 
light and truth. The grumbler, like the buzzard Hy- 
ing over the landscape looking for carrion, sees mostly 
what he is looking for. Although many delightful 
beauties are in full view he does not see them, be- 
cause he is not looking for them. Poor fellow; the 
longer he continues in this business the worse he gets, 
until the habit of grumbling becomes so'firmlv estab- 
lished that if he can see nothing to grumble at he 
grumbles at the very absence of things. 

This is a world of changes, and the wheels of prog- 
ress can be neither locked nor turned backward by the 
whole host of grumblers, although the spirit of per- 
secution has always been with them. In the days of 
the Roman inquisition many thousands of re- 
formers were burned at the stake because they were 
so far in advance of the rest in truth and progress 
that they were considered dangerous to both church 
and state. Even as late as the sixteenth century 
Galileo, the noted philosopher, because he believed and 
taught the Copernican system of astronomy and other 
great truths, was, when seventy years of age and 
loaded with other infirmities, condemned and impris- 
oned as a dangerous heretic. 

Coming down to our own time. About sixty years 
ago, when 1 was about eight years old, I well remem- 
ber a venerable looking old brother with long white 
hair and beard coming to father's to stav all night. 
He told father and mother in my presence how it 
grieved him to see everything drifting worldward so 
■rapidly. Particularly was he grieved to see the breth 
ren getting so worldly as to ride on springs just like 
the world. He would walk twenty miles rather than 
ride on springs, " for whatsoever is so highly esteemed 
among men is abomination in the sight of God." The 
first railroad had just been built through our section 
of Ohio, and he had noticed that even the cars had 
springs under them; therefore he would never ride 
on them, and he never did. 1 wondered then whether 
springs really were so sinful as the old brother thought , 
hut concluded I would find out more about them as 
I got older. 

Another good old neighbor of father's never would 
have a grain cradle nor a horse machine to cut his 
grain, because it was just drifting after the world, 
and therefore so long as he lived he hired the old 
men who could reap grain with the hand sickle one 
handful at a time to reap his grain in the good old 
way. Others had other reasons for grumbling; these 
railroads would certainly throw many of the team- 
sters out of employment and ruin their business; 
the reaping 1 machine would cut the working people 
short of work, etc. ; and so pronounced was their op- 
position to them that not a few machines were in 
the dark hours of night made into kindling wood 
or ashes. But the wheels of progress are still rolling 

It is better not to be a grumbler nor a proclaimer 
of calamities, for then the horizon becomes larger 
and the view broadened. Many things at first despised 
and spoken against have later on been found a great 
help and blessing. 
McPhcrson, Kansas. 


uv chas. m. yearout. 

It seems to be as natural for people to excuse them- 
selves for neglected opportunities as it is for a stream 
to run down the incline. While there are some hin- 
drances that are real, a large per cent of supposeu 
hindrances are only imaginary. The weather in the 
West during the past fall has been very unfavorable 
to successful series of meetings, but inclement weather 
is oftener the basis of an excuse than a justifiable 
cause for not attending the services of God. 

When people are able to go about their daily vo- 
cations, and the conditions are no worse at church 
time, it seems to me that the children of God ought 
to have in the Master's work an interest at least 
equal to that they have in their own. When it is 
too stormy for people to work for themselves, they 
may be justifiable in not attending church. 

We are living in an age when people say thev 
would like to go to church, but are constantly framing 
some frivolous excuse for not going. People are 
usually what they are because they want to be, and go 
where they want to go regardless of weather con- 
ditions. It never gets too cold or too hot, too wet 
or too dry for people to go to town and worldly amuse- 

Sickness and distance are often barriers against at- 
tendance at the house of prayer and praise ; but here 
we often meet with inconsistencies : father and 
other members of the family go about their daily toil, 
being away from the sick bed of their loved ones 
from early morning till late in the evening, save at 
the noon hour ; but cannot take one hour from the 
sick room to meet with the Father's children in solemn 
worship. " Where a man's heart is, there will his 
treasure be. also." Others work so hard all dav for 
themselves that when the evening and church time 
come they are too tired to go. They would like to 
go, but are worn out, and could not stay awake if 

5 * 


January 24, 1903 

they went. They are very careful, however, to feed 
the natural or physical man three times a day, but 
the soul — inner man — must go with one feed even; 
l wo or three weeks. It is no wonder they starve 
spiritually, and become cold and dead to their eternal 
interests. " Man shall not live by bread alone, but by 
even' word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God." 
The eminent apostle to the Gentiles says : " Let us 
hold fast the profession of our faith without waver- 
ing: for he is faithful that promised; and let us con- 
sider one another to provoke unto love and to good 
works: not forsaking the assembling of our- 
selves together, as the manner of some is; but ex- 
horting one another: and so much the more, as ye 
see the day approaching." Heb. 10:23-25. 

The member is not alone affected in staying away 
from the house of God. Every person has an in- 
fluence, and that influence ought to be cast on the 
side of Christ. " Let your light so shine before men, 
that they may see your good works, and glorify your 
Father which is in heaven." The church suffers as a 
result of the nonattendance of members, and also in 
a coldness or disinterestedness in those who do at- 

Dear reader, let us take a retrospect of our lives 
during the year that has just closed. Its records are 
made and sealed, and we must meet them in that 
awful (lav of settlement. Will our excuses and rea- 
sons for them lie accepted by the Great Judge in 
that day? 

" Hark! (ho onset! will ye Fold your 
Faith-clad arms in lazy lock? 
Up! O, up! thou drowsy soldier; 
Worlds are charging to the shock." 

Every soldier of Christ should be in line for the 

Master. Every inch of ground is being contested by 
the powers of darkness. Let all fall in line and stand 
firm by the Master's side, that a great work may be 
accomplished during 1903 in winning souls for Christ. 

"On! let all the soul within you 
For the truth's sake go abroad; 
Strike! let every nerve and sinew 
Tell on ages — tell for God." 

Warrensburg, Mo. 



Doubtless with varying circumstances Paul varied 
his style, but we are assured that at Corinth at least 
his ■ style was free from rhetorical embellishment. 
Though he was eminently qualified to reduce Christian- 
ity to a philosophical system, so as to appeal to the 
consciences of the Grecian philosopher, he chose, like 
his Master, to announce it as good tidings of great 
joy. He best knew the utter despair of man apart 
from divine aid and the effectiveness of the salva- 
tion which God provided in his Son. His soul was 
so wrought upon by the Holy Ghost that he was im- 
pelled to announce in the simplest way possible the 
good news of salvation to a lost world. 

This, by the way, suggests to us the spirit of the 
true preacher. < The true preacher is not moved by 
constraint, but is impelled to duty. Like Jeremiah, 
the word of the Lord is in his heart " as a burning 
fire shut up in his bones," and he cannot but speak 
in the name of Jehovah. 

The world needs the same kind of preachers in the 
twentieth century that it did in the first. We may 
affirm three things of the first century preacher. (1) 
Me was a man with a message from God. The preach- 
er to-day can and must come with the same mes- 
sage, — must get it from the same source, viz, the 
infallible Word of God. (2) He was a man who 
did not doubt the authority of his message, The 
chief weakness of the modern pulpit is the lack of 
positive convictions as to the Word of God. (3) 
He was a man who believed in the illumination of 
the Holy Ghost, which enabled the sinner to appre- 
hend the love of God in Christ. The Holy Ghost 
alone can take the things of Christ and show them 
unto the people. The preacher who properly honors 

the Holy Spirit will not expend his greatest energy 
in the rhetorical embellishment of his sermon. If ev- 
er there was a time when the church needed preachers 
with the above named characteristics, it is now. 

Paul assigns us three reasons for his straightforward, 
unaffected style' viz : ( 1 ) God's change of method in 
revealing himself. 1 Cor. 1 : 21. Man failed to know- 
God through his creation. The utmost that the hu- 
man intellect, unaided, has ever done is to have a very 
vague conception of God. Granted that here and 
there a philosopher did get a glimpse of God and im- 
mortality, it was confined to the few, and these had 
no sanctifying influence upon their own lives. The 
only effective knowledge that the world has ever had 
of God is through the cross of Christ. No one has 
ever known the Father, only he to whom the Son 
reveals him. (2) He justifies his style by appealing 
to the standing of the members of the church at Cor- 
inth (ch. 1:26): "Not many wise men after the 
flesh, not many mighty, not many noble." If he had 
followed the style of the philosophers, doubtless many 
of the learned would have been attracted to him : 
but the common people would have been turned away. 
(3)He justifies his neglect of the a enticing words of 
men's wisdom "by the fact that if he had so done, many 
would have been attracted by that, and have lost the 
true essence of his preaching. Many of the adher- 
ents of our modern churches, I am convinced, are 
held by the learning of the preacher. If a man's re- 
ligion is simply in the personality of the preacher, 
as soon as his favorite preacher is gone he is out and 
gone too. Where a congregation has been united un- 
der the cross of Christ and by its power, they will 
stand together w r hen the minister is gone. Our hearts 
are saddened to see in many of our training schools 
young men who are more interested in their rhetoric 
than in the gospel message. May there be a mighty 
awakening along the line of the true motive and qual- 
ifications of our ministry ! 

Sidney, Ohio. 



[Read at the Ministerial Meeting of Texas and Louisi- 
ana, held at Saginaw, Texas, Dec. 25, and published by re- 
quest of the meeting. — Ed.] 

To what extent and in what way is the Brethren 
church deficient in missionary work? My first im- 
pression is that the church is deficient as long as 
there is a city, town, village or community in the 
world where the Gospel of Jesus Christ is not known 
and practiced. And when we look at it from that 
standpoint the deficiency of the church is so much 
greater than the efficiency that we can hardly look 
anywhere that the deficiency does not stare us in the 

We have just commenced on foreign missions, and 
the home fields that are unsupplied are so numerous 
and large that we are soon lost in the immensity of 
the extent. Let us look at our own District, Texas 
and Louisiana ; and we need not at present look any- 
where else for deficiencies on this line. The minutes 
of our last District Meeting show names of eight 
churches once organized, but two of them disorgan- 
ized, leaving only six organizations of the Brethren 
in the District. Looking again at the minutes I see 
these six organizations reported 201 members; five 
elders, six second degree ministers, four first degree 
ministers; altogether fifteen ministers. And now the 
question arises, What have these fifteen ministers been 
doing during 1902? How much missionary work have 
they done? I think some of them have been quite 
successful in converting grass into hay, or the en- 
ergy of the soil into fruits, grains and cotton, but to 
what extent have we converted sinners to Christians ? 
1 am afraid that too many of us are like the little 
boy's father, when the pastor asked him if his father 
was a Christian. He answered, " Yes, but he doesn't 
work much at it." 

To what extent deficient? To an alarming extent. 
I don't know whether ten thousand to one would ex- 

press it. I wish I could say not exceeding sixteen 
to one. Disorganized, standing opposite one-fourth 
of the churches in our District, is a scathing rebuke to 
every minister and laymember in the District of Texas 
and Louisiana. 

" In that great and awlul day. 
Oh what shall our poor answers be? " 

Fifteen ministers making hay, raising strawberries, 
com, rice and cotton, practicing medicine, and selling 
merchandise, while thousands in our District have not 
so much as heard that there are any Brethren in these 
two great States. 

But I must look at the other clause a moment 
"In what way?" I believe I could cover this in 
a few words, — by working for ourselves, and letting 
the Lord's cause take care of itself the best it can. 
Go to the house of any of our ministers and ask where 
he is. The answer will probably be, " Out in Jhe 
field." Now you might think the good sister means 
in the mission field ; but she does not. She means 
in the hay field, or the corn field, or the cotton field, 
Dr the strawberry field, or the rice field. That tells 
in what way we are deficient. Every preacher in the 
District ought to be in the mission field instead of 
these other fields, ought to be working to save sinners, 
instead of working to make and save money. " How 
then shall they .call on him in whom they have not 
believed ? and how shall they believe in him of whom 
they have not heard ? and how shall they hear with- 
out a preacher? and how shall they preach except 
they be sent?" Rom. 10: 14. 15. I am thinking 
there are about two hundred members in our Dis- 
trict that need to commit this Scripture to memory 
and repeat it every night on going to bed, and ask 
themselves the question. What have I done to-day to- 
wards sending preachers into the mission fields? 
- In what way are we deficient? In not sending out 
our ministers. We elect them to the ministry, then- 
we think we have done our part. . We make no pro- 
vision for them to qualify themselves for their re- 
sponsible duties. We lay aside nothing to send them 
out where they could work for the Lord. If they 
go triey have to hire a hand to look after their fam- 
ilies, that they are provided with food and raiment, 
and perhaps have to pay their own railroad fare, 
and maybe even their board after they get there, while 
the members are so busily engaged in making mon- 
ey that they can hardly spare the time to attend the 
meetings. And what do they do with the money 
they make? " Buy more land, to raise more corn, to 
feed more hogs," etc. Right here is where our great 
deficiency lies. 

When we have money we don't give the Lord his 
tenth part, and sometimes the Lord gets tired giving 
to us all the time and never getting anything in re- 
turn, so he just cuts off one-half or three-fourths 
of the crop as he did the rice crop in Louisiana this 
year. Last year the Brethren here had a big crop. 
I think one-tenth of it would have kept a missionary 
in the field all the year; but they forgot to appropriate 
it in that way, and this year they have only about 
one-fourth of a crop. 

" Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. 
But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee ? In tithes 
and offerings. Bring' ye all the tithes into the store- 
house, that there may be meat in mine house, and 
prove me now herewith saith the Lord of hosts, if 
I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour 
you out a blessing that there will not be room enough 
to receive it." Mai. 3: 8-10. 

May the Lord help us to eliminate some of our 
deficiencies in 1903. 

Jennings, La. 



A few nights ago ray husband and I attended a 
lecture, in which Maude Ballington Booth spoke upon 
" The Shadows of Prison Life." With no problem 
have I been more impressed for years than with 
that which has to do with those unfortunates in stripes, 


January 24, 1903 



who are eking out a weary existence, some for years, 
and many for life; lonely, ostracised and hopeless, 
behind the gruesome barrier of prison walls. 

It was well worth the admission fee alone to look 
upon and study the face of the speaker. So ac- 
quisitively beautiful, so tenderly womanly, and yet so 
strong withal, that one was immediately struck with 
the conviction that there stood a being, not prating 
for worldly honor or so-called woman's rights, but 
a creature inspired with the broader view of helping 
humanity and the diviner object of saving souls. So 
slightly built she is that when she stepped upon the 
stage I could scarcely see her for the towering and 
befeathered hat in front of me. Do you remember 
the quotation : " A woman in stature, but in heart a 
giant " ? I thought of that when my eyes, for the 
first time, rested upon Mrs. Booth. 

This is not intended for a biographical sketch, but 
I want to say that for more than six years, Mrs. 
Booth has been in close and constant touch with 
prison life. Leaving her field of slum work in the 
heart of New York City, to pursue the even more 
neglected and self-sacrificing toil of prison work, she 
was obliged to close her ears to the objections and 
pleadings of her friends, like Christian when he fled 
from the City of Destruction. Is not the prisoner 
our brother? Is not God his Maker also? Has he 
no rights to be defended ? No feelings to be consid- 
ered ? No capacity for repentance ? No soul to save ? 
Why, then, do Christian workers, as by contract, shun 
him? This is a problem which Mrs. Booth has been 
trying all these years to solve. 

Is it alone because he is a criminal ? That is hardly 
an adequate excuse, since in the society in which we 
move there are many criminals, some of whom oc- 
cupy quite conspicuous places. Is it because of his 
hardened conscience? That is no excuse at all, for 
of all the tears which Mrs. Booth has seen men shed, 
none were more bitter, more pitiful or repentant than 
those, she has seen fall within the prison cell. The 
highest resolves which she has known men to make, 
the worthiest deeds of heroism and self-sacrifice she has 
yet witnessed, the strongest love and most Christ-like 
devotion she has ever seen exhibited between man and 
man has been revealed to her in those lone crucibles 
of pain, where men's hearts sufifer, and where the 
Christian's hand is seldom stretched to heal the wound. 
Whose fault is it, reader, that the convict is neg- 
lected? There he writhes under the torture of a life 
sentence. Even if he would, he cannot come to us. 
How may salvation reach him? Christ died the con- 
vict's death for him. Who will tell him the story? We 
need not expect the praise of men for our endeavor; 
we may not even receive the encouragement of the 
masses. All that Mrs. Booth has to cheer her is the 
hope •that she shall one day hear the Master sav: 
" I was in prison, and you visited me." 

This earnest worker has an ex-convict's home where 
she receives and supports the discharged prisoners un- 
til such time that they can face the world and secure 
an honest living. In most cases this is extremely dif- 
ficult, since in the world's opinion a criminal once is 
a criminal always. More than twenty-four hundred 
of these unfortunates has she taken under her pro- 
tection, in all of whom she is interested, and lovingly 
refers to them as her " boys." By them she is ten- 
derly designated "Little Mother." When I consider 
the unselfish labor of this devoted and gifted woman, 
I feel that she is not only termed by common consent, 
this wide land over, but is in deed and in truth the 
Prison Evangel. 
Johnstown, Pa. 





In other words, our subject is, How to develop 
in our Sunday schools an interest in the spreading of 
the Gospel. Let us go back to the book of Acts and 

see how this interest was developed there. We read 
that the apostles went out and preached after they 
had been given the " great commission." So marked 
was their success that the Jews became alarmed and 
began persecuting them severely. In the sixth chap- 
ter we read about the appointing of the seven, one 
of whom is described in the eighth verse thus. " And 
Stephen, full of faith and power, did many miracles 
and wonders among the people." We are all familiar 
with the story of his being persecuted and even stoned 
to death! Did these lives develop an interest in the 
spirit of missions? Yes, their converts assumed an 
individual responsibility for the furtherance of the 
good work; but the most beautiful part is that, wher- 
ever the Holy Bible is read to-day. the influence of 
these faithful ones is still alive, developing an interest 
in the spirit of missions. 

What was the secret of these lives? It was un- 
adulterated consecration! the power of Pentecost, 
which is the fullness of the Spirit! If we, as Sun- 
day-school workers, are going to make our lives felt 
to the utmost in the development of an interest in 
the spirit of missions, we too must have this fullness 
of the Spirit. May we have it? If we do not, is it 
not because there is something in our hearts which 
prevents us from having it? Do we not love that 
something more than we do the fullness of the Spirit? 

Let us glance for a moment at the power of a 
truly consecrated life. Look at Joshua! While he 
was alive all Israel, generally speaking, was a God- 
fearing people. He had not been dead thirty years 
until all Israel was wandering into idolatry. How 
about Paul, who went from place to place establishing 
churches where the Gospel had never 'been heard? 
Then, after leaving them, he wrote epistles of encour- 
agement that they might continue and grow in the 
faith. Sometimes we weary in well-doing and think 
someone else should do part of our work. When 
these thoughts overtake us, let us remember Paul and 
Joshua and " do with our might what our hands find 
to do," for these lives prove that the blunt of the 
responsibility in Christian work must be shouldered 
by a faithful few. 

In regard to methods of developing this interest, 
we must adapt them to our school and pupils. A 
special missionary service is very good. It may ei- 
ther take the place of the regular service or be an 
additional one. It should be entirely missionary. 
Another good way is to devote the collections to the 
supporting of a missionary in a foreign country. Or 
if our District does not do that, devote at least the 
surplus collections to the supporting of an orphan 
in India. Have the children feel that their pennies 
are helping those across the sea, who, to say the least, 
are starving to death spiritual!)'. In most of our 
Sunday schools the superintendent conducts a short 
review at the close of the lesson period. Now the 
superintendent who is interested in the spirit of de- 
veloping an interest in missions as his position de- 
mands that he should be, will gladly convert this re- 
view into a missionary talk or quiz once a month. 
Another effectual way to develop this spirit is by hav- 
ing the children pass on their Sunday-school papers 
and other religious literature after they are through 
reading them. For the Bible classes, nothing can be 
better than studying missionary portions (and the 
chapters which do not belong to this class are few) 
of the Scriptures and carefully perusing the Mission- 
ary ! 'isifor. The latter not only gives us new ideas 
in regard to methods, but it tells us what the Gospel 
is doing for the people of India and her sister coun- 
tries. Among the young people nothing has been prov- 
en quite so decidedly successful as reading and study- 
ing the hooks of the Missionary Reading Circle. 
Where a church has a live circle she is sure to have a 
band of earnest, capable, willing workers. Fellow- 
teachers, are we true to our calling if we are not doing 
all we can to interest our pupils in the reading of these 
books ? Still another plan for the young people is an 
informal hand, at whose meetings methods and means 
of local work as well as means of deeper consecration 
are discussed. A weekly mission band or children's 

meeting will develop this spirit among the children. 
The object of these meetings must be to teach the little 
ones to become workers for the Lord. They may 
begin by getting other boys and girls to come to 
mission band, Sunday school and church; throwing 
sunshine wherever they go by being kind and pleas- 
ant to even one; saving their pennies to bring to 
mission band, etc. 

No difference what our method is. we must work 
patiently, enthusiastically and prayerfully. We must 
give our best service time after time without ever 
dreaming of visible results; we must trust them to 
God. Why be enthusiastic? Because we cannot en- 
thuse others unless pur own hearts are overflowing 
willi this spirit. We must be prayerful, because with- 
out him we cannot do anything, but with him all 
things are possible. 

May Go,! so fill our hearts with this spirit that 
we may tend to develop it in the hearts of all those 
with whom we come in contact. 

Lordsburg, Cal. 



When ill our meditations upon missionary work 
we are sometimes made to wonder what more can be 
said than has been said, or what more can be done 
than is being done. True, much has been said, and 
much, I am glad to say, is being done. Is there noth- 
ing left unsaid or undone to be accomplished yet? 

We have a church erection and missionary com- 
mittee, where it is to be expected that funds will be 
placed to advance and further the work to a much 
greater degree (because of the power invested in 
their hands) than any of the subdivisions of Dis- 
tricts or congregations. 

While each have the power to act and do, in their 
respective provinces, do we not really often act more 
like beggars of the Orient than the intelligent beings 
we ought to be? 

To make plain that in which 1 wish to be under- 
stood: Why do District Meetings continually call on 
our ( ieneral Treasury for help needed in building 
churchhouses, when each District Board is a church 
erection committee? You say because no funds are 
appropriated for building purposes. Yes, this we ad- 
mit : but shall we ever continue in old ruts and not 
make necessary provision in our wealthy Districts to 
have money placed in the District treasury for build- 
ing purposes, as well as for the support of the mis- 
sionaries? ft has been a question with me for some 
time why this continual calling on the General Board 
for help, and wily the need of Districts in the Mid- 
dle West to send of their Sunday-school collections to 
tile more wealth)' Districts of the East, to help build 
meetinghouses, when they may have at the time sev- 
eral need)- calls at home? If it is right to use Sun- 
day-school collections to build meetinghouses in the 
East (and who would question or say it is not?), why 
not in the West ? Then place your contributions in 
the District Treasury to be credited to the church 
erection fund. 

This ought not to hinder anyone from giving to 
the general fund. But looking from the standpoint 
I have given it, there would be less asking for do- 
nations from the general fund with more money to 
send the Gospel to the " ail nations " as Jesus com- 

These lines are written with a view of our getting 
down to work and helping ourselves in that which 
there is no real necessity of asking of others. 

Franklin Grove. III. 

Philip Schaff, in speaking of the Bible from a 
literary standpoint, said: " Viewed merely as a liter- 
ary production, the Bible is a marvelous book, and 
without a rival. All the libraries of theology, philo- 
sophy, history, antiquities, poetry, law and policy, 
would not furnish material enough for so rich a treas- 
ure of the choicest gems of human genius, wisdom 
and experience." 

' V 



January 24, 1903 



Who has not heard it stated with a spirit of pride, 
that " we are plain people " ? However much to our 
credit is plainness, pride in it is as bad as any other 
kind of pride. 

But after all, are we a plain people? When ^.bra- 
ham Lincoln spoke of a "plain people" he seemed 
to have in view an uncultivated people. Are we un- 
cultivated ? We should not be, for Christians are cul- 
tivated, and the better Christians they are, the more cul- 
tivated. If we define " plain " as meaning common, 
we must remember that a real Christian life is one of 
the most uncommon things upon earth, and of course 
we claim to be Christians. Worldly churches have 
made Christianity common by tossing it about as their 
own property, admitting people to fellowship upon 
the slightest profession, or offering it like merchandise. 
We are not that kind of a people. 

Possibly we have reference to our plainness of dress. 
This is to our credit, but we may exalt even that 
too much. Why? Because plainness is not in a single 
instance so much as mentioned in the Bible as de- 
scriptive of dress. The only person denoted in the 
Bible as " plain " is Jacob, and here the word means 
simple, or perfect, apparently in opposition to his 
brother Esau, who is called " cunning." Gen. 25 : 27. 
The term we are in the habit of construing to mean 
plain, is "modest," in 1 Tim. 2:9, and this is the only 
place we find this word in the Authorized Version. 

But modest does hot mean merely plain. It is a 
translation of the Greek kosmios, which is defined in 
Green's Lexicon as " decorous, well-ordered." This 
idea is clearlv given in the parenthetical phrase in 
verse 10. In the qualifications necessary for a bishop, 
given in the third chapter of First Timothy, " of good 
behavior " in the second verse, means the same as 
" modest." previously noted. It is a translation of the 
same Greek term, kosmios, translated in the former 
instance as " modest." In Buck's Theological Dic- 
tionary we glean from his definition of modesty, or 
kosmios, that " it signifies neat, or well arranged. It 
suggests the idea of simple elegance. Modesty, there- 
fore, consists in purity of sentiment and manners, in- 
clining us to abhor the least appearance of vice and 
indecency, and to fear doing anything which will 
justly incur censure." 

We see here that modesty has a far deeper mean- 
ing than only plainness of apparel, or anything merely 
external. We may with much credit strive to be a 
MODEST PEOPLE, in the full sense of the term. 
All Christians should be. Modesty has reference as 
much to the life of a person as to his apparel. In 
fact, get the life modest and the modest apparel will 
be seen. Modest apparel clothing an immodest body 
is deceptive, and the only person who says it is not 
is the hypocrite who wants to deceive by this means. 
* The person who dresses modestly while his life is 
immodest, indecorous, is just as far wrong as the per- 
son who claims to lead a modest, a Christian, life, 
and dresses immodestly. A modest-lived person does 
not dress immodestly. 

Let us strive to be a modest people. If we succeed, 
immodest apparel will not trouble. If we fail to be 
modest-Hved. we will not and ought not be known by 
modest apparel. 

What, then, about us as a " plain people " ? This 
thought is so deeply rooted in us that we strive in 
every probable way to maintain " plainness." I am 
not sure but that we are exalting that word and using 
it in a sense not warranted in the Bible. We are call- 
ing gold, dust a diamond. The Scriptures do not 
burden the church with the necessity of keeping 
" plain " as we say, yet w_e voluntarily carry a load of 
responsibility in this respect. But while we carry this 
burden we are so apt to shirk a greater burden that 
is a church duty, and that is to retain modesty. Mod- 
esty of life, day by day, is a Christian duty, and it can- 
not be too highly exalted. And when we have that 

the world will read us as a modest people. More than 
that, scriptural modesty regulates not only our apparel, 
but our sacrifices, our purse strings, our Christian ac- 
tivities, and all we have and are. 
Des Moines, Iowa. 


PAUL AT ATHENS.— Acts' 17: 22-34. 

Lesson for February 1. 1903. 

and the 

Golden Text.— He preached unto them J 
resurrection. — Acts 17: 18. 

The apostle Paul, after being persecuted and driven 
away from Berea, went down southward some two 
hundred miles and made another stand for Christ 
at the city of Athens, the then center of civilization, 
philosophy and idolatry. A strange combination, and 
vet no uncommon thing in those days — and in more 
modern times as well. Learning and philosophy have 
never been entirely free from bigotry and idolatry, and 
this was especially true of this great city. And in 
studying these lessons we should carefully note two 
things in reference to Paul's missionary work. 

First, the approach. Paul accepted the fields of 
his work as he found them. He studied the people 
and conditions, and then adapted his work to the ex- 
isting conditions. In the opening of his address to 
them he shows the people that he had been looking 
around and studying the situation and the people. 
He did this that he might be able to introduce his 
work to the best possible advantage. Here is where 
many grievous mistakes are made in mission work 
in towns and cities to-day. Men go to work before 
they have studied their field, and as a result failures 
follow. In Paul's investigation he learned that the 
people were superstitious and that they worshiped un- 
known gods. This gave him the key to the situa- 
tion. And he had discretion and wisdom enough to 
strike at the right place. 

The first thing of importance in all teaching is to 
learn the character of those to be taught and their 
environments. This being understood, the door of ap- 
proach is opened, the entrance is made easy, and work 
can be done with success. 

The second thing he wants to look at is the char- 
acter of his work or teaching. At Berea he confined 
his teaching in opening to them the Scriptures be- 
cause they were a searching people. They were anx- 
ious to know the truth. At Athens the people evident- 
ly did not have the Scriptures. They were seeking 
after and worshiping ideal gods. They felt the need 
of a god, believed there was a god, but did not 
know who he was or where to be found. 

Some of them had erected altars to this, to them, 
unknown god, and through their offerings were try- 
ing to worship him. He did not introduce his mis- 
sion by preaching to them Christ, the crucified one — 
the Savior. But he first introduced to them the God 
whom they had been ignorantly worshiping: "Him 
declare I unto you." He told them what kind of a 
God he is. He is the kind of a god that these people 
needed — a God of love and power; God that made 
the world and all the things therein, and that he of one 
blood made all nations of men. This, no doubt, was a 
wonderful revelation to these people. It was intended 
lo bring them closer together and prepare them to enter 
into a Christian brotherhood. It is a lesson that we 
too often forget. If we could more fully realize that 
we are brethren by birth, having God for our common 
father, we would, perhaps, make greater effort to 
get closer together. 

Though we are not heathen and idolaters, as many 
of these people were, yet the teaching of the father- 
hood of God and the brotherhood of man is need- 
ful among us. And the more we become filled with 
this great truth, the more we will feel to labor for 
each other's good and salvation. 

After showing them the character of the known 
God. he' told them that such a god cannot be wor- 

shiped by the work of men's hands, as they were 
trying to do, as though he needed anything of them. 
God doesn't need our service. He is the great Giver. 
All that is required of us is to feel our need of 
him, and place ourselves in such a relation to him 
that his blessings may come to us. 

There was a time when God winked at such igno- 
rance, but now commandeth all men everywhere to 
repent, and accept and worship the true God. 

The reason for doing this he told them was be- 
cause of the coming of a time or day in which all 
men will be judged in righteousness. And here he 
presents Christ to them, the one ordained of God, who 
for the sins of the world suffered, died and rose from 
the dead. The lesson we get from this is that, in 
presenting the truth, the approach must be made in 
the most judicious way; so that, if possible, the mes- 
sage will be received and souls saved. 

A few years ago, when we were permitted to visit 
this city, to ascend Mars' Hill by the same way and 
go up the same steps over which this great apostle 
passed, and stand on the same spot where he stood 
when he delivered this message to the vast throng of 
people who resorted there, we were made to think 
of the fortitude and courage it took to face the men 
and speak the message of God to an assembly that 
was so full of superstition and knew so little about 
the true God. and the blessed Christ who came into 
the world to redeem them from the thraldom of sin. 

When the Lord sent Jonah to Nineveh he gave 
him only a short message to deliver, and his work 
was done. But Paul's mission was different. He was 
to preach Christ to this people, and in doing this he 
was to formulate his own message in a way to meet 
the exigency -of the case, in a way that the most 
good would be done. He was to use the wisdom of 
the serpent and the harmlessness of the dove. In 
other words, he carefully studied the field, and then 
acted in harmony with the knowledge obtained. And 
though the mass of the people were wicked and idol- _ 
atrous, yet there were some who believed and re- 
ceived the message. And even a few saved was a 
great victory when we take into account the value of 
souls. h. B. B. 


A BOY did not want to go to church, but his Chris- 
tian father kindly but firmly insisted that he should. 
The father said, " As long as my boy sits at my table 
he must sit in my pew." The father is now in the 
grave, but the son to-day sits in his father's pew and 
is a main supporter of that church. The father's rule 
is a good one; "As long as my boy sits at my table 
he must sit in my pew." As long as our children are 
at home with us, we should use the authority God 
gives us to guide in the matter of their religious train- 

In every community there are throngs of children 
who are suffering from lack of parental care and 
duty and authority. If they feel like going to 
church or Sunday school, they go ; if not, they 
stay at home, or roam the fields, or stray in the 
streets. No parental authority is used to secure their 
religious training, either in the home or outside of it. 
This neglect is a sin for which the parents must 
answer at the bar of God. It is one from which they 
are likely to reap the bitterest results both here and 

Our behavior in Divine service is a very true index 
of our religious life; a restless glance here and there 
about the room, or a whisper on some subject entirely 
out of line with the purpose for which every one should 
enter God's house, does not indicate a very deep in- 
terest in the service. Our inattention may be thought- 
less, but it nevertheless shows a lack of reverence 
to God and respect for His house and His ministers. 
The Christian who enters the church with a prayer 
on lips and heart for the blessing of Heaven on the 
service, cannot fail to make others feel the same 
sweet spirit of devotion. 

January 24, 1903 





mas trees in the Army in Canada 
save the little boy's life. It was 


When your mind is filled with bitter doubt, 

And faith from your soul has fled; 
When your high resolves are put to rout 

And your cherished hopes lie dead; 
There may come to your heart a keen desire 

For a hand to lead you through 
The dangerous ways of life's deep mire. 

To a higher and better view. 

'Tis then, to a strong and earnest plea 

For a glimpse of the hidden height, 
An answer will come, and the mists will flee 

Forever away from your sight. 
Doubt not, if the thing you eagerly sought 

Proves only an idol of clay, 
And' those you once so fondly thought 

Were true have led you astray. 
Not all of the things which men desire 

Are but toys of gilded dross, 
For many come forth from the testing fire 

With only a brighter gloss: 
There yet are souls as true to-day 

As there were in the years of old; 
There are loyal hearts that will not betray 

Their friends for place or gold. 

Perhaps the years, as they come and go, 

Will bring their measure of pain; 
Still into your life some joys must flow 

To make you strong again. 
Your way may lead through bitter strife 

And battles which never cease; 
But God on high, who watches each life, 

At the last will give you peace. 



£<e to hear 

unless I 

you pray ln school." This was' asked 
•one of our young sisters shortly after she and her 
sister had come out on the Lord's side. Formerly they 
had been as worldly in appearance as their associ- 
ates but they decided that to live the true Christian 
We they could not follow the foolish fashions of the 
world, and they decided to unite with a people who 
teach plainness. 

" Well, children, I cannot pray in school 
wear my prayer covering." 

" Well, teacher, wear it, for you look better with 
it on than with it off/' said some of the girls. 

The teacher came next morning with a prayer veil 
and had prayer and the children think they have one 
of the best teachers that ever lived. She is loved 

Go pel of Christ; and she is a living examp I e of 
rue Christian piety. Even the little child admires 
rue Christian fidelity, and they know that a ZZ 
e who is not ashamed of her faith is one in whom 
he can trust. I admit that it would cause trouble 
nome localities to do this, especially where the Ro- 
man Catho he element is in the majority, but if we 
are asked to pray in schools, teachers, let us say, 
Only with my prayer veil will I do so " 
839 Leonard St., Fostoria, Ohio. 


But too late to 
sad Christmas 
for the mother. Might not many other churches take 
warning from this sad occurrence ! But such things 
are soon forgotten by the people that follow after 
the fashions of this world. May God keep our be- 
loved Brotherhood free from such vain amusements. 
Hespeler, Ontario. 



When he first saw a firefly he tried " to blow out 
the light." 

He was invited to a neighbor child's birthday party. 
Coming home he " ished John had a birfday ev'ry 

He had watched with delight the coming of the 
spring garden. So when little brother's teeth began 
to appear he was " so glad ittle brover's teeth are 
coming up." 

He called a certain horse a " woe-back." It must 
have been a horse with a backing characteristic. 
There are a great many "woe-backs" and a few 
" get-ups " in the world. 

Putting some sugar in some buttermilk to make 
it sweet he said: "Now it's just milk. The sugar 
took the butter out." 

There were two Mrs. Jones among the ladies he 
knew. One was the wife of a doctor. The other's 
husband kept an ice cream parlor. The one he called 
" Mrs. Doctor Jones," the other " Mrs. Ice Cream 
Jones." If all were named on this plan some would 
have to go through life with such names as " Make- 
drtink Smith," *' Nasty-word Johnson." etc. 

The " 'nother time shelf" was the upper shelf of 
thf.o^up.b.o^rd where his mother put the unfinished ap- 

He was taught to " speak pieces." Among them.- 
" Here I stand on two little chips. 
Come and kiss my sweet little lips." 
One day as he finished speaking some one kissed 
him. Next time he spoke he must have the two chips 
to stand on. This led to another idea. He was 
speaking « Little Jack Horner." Going into a corner 
of the room he sat down and began. But when he 
came to "stuck in his thumb" he said, "Mamma 
get the pie." 

But this little one felt pain, tasted death, and has 

crossed the silent river. Those who loved to hear 

his little sayings will one day rejoice at the final 

summons that will reunite them with their loved one 

Whistler, Ala. 

turning to it. It then nestled by the side of the sacred 
book, remaining there until the service closed. 

The climax then transpired. Mr. Clark finished his 
service with a few remarks, in which, after noting the 
interruption that the dove had occasioned as having 
been remarkable, in view of the singular coincidence 
which all had noted, he added that as the Holy Spirit 
had descended on Christ, might not the presence of 
this winged visitor be taken as an emblem of the pres- 
ence of the Spirit at this time and place? The bird 
then flew and lit directly upon the pastor's head. The 
effect upon him and the audience was electrical. 
Whereas, before, the dove had been regarded only as a 
curiosity and a simile, many now were moved to tears, 
and the whole assembly seemed deeply and strangelv 
affected. The pastor took the dove and held it against 
his breast, and in that position closed the services 
with the benediction. 




Jb the cm- o Hamilton on Christmas night, the 
■Salvation Army had an entertainment and made unite 
achspav h , Christmas tree. In order to go 

hrough w,th their program properly, as thev though,, 
they had a little boy twelve vears old 
•is Santa. The tree 

dressed up 
is lit up with many candles 
and there was a great deal of cotton all over 
while the little boy was uj 
the gifts, he accidentally caught fire and „ 
minutes he was dead. Now orders have gone forth 
Army that there are to be no more Christ- 

up hi the tree getting down 

from the 

The following incident, said to have occurred in the 
East Haven Congregational church, in September of 
1 887, is vouched for by the pastor in question : 

The Rev. Mr. Clark was finishing the prayer pre- 
ceding the sermon, when a dove lit upon the centre 
gallery and began gently cooing. The prayer closed 
the dove perched on the gallery raiing opposite the 
clergyman. When the chapter was being read from 
which the text was taken, the dove cooed and stopped 
when the reader paused. The portion chosen was the 
first chapter of John, and on coming to the thirty- 
second verse, " 1 saw the Spirit descending from heav- 
en like a dove, and it abode upon him ; " the dove flew 
to the desk and perched upon the open pages. The 
text was the fourth verse of the chapter. Shortly aft- 
erward the dove flew in a circle over the singers, and 
then it settled upon the platform, below the pulpit 
where it remained through the sermon, occasionally 
emitting a " coo-coo." At the conclusion of the ser- 
mon, before stepping down to lead the sacramental 
services, the preacher closed the Bible, whereupon the 
dove flew up and lit upon the closed book and cooed 
again three times, stepping off the book and then re- 


From Jan. l. 1902, to Jan. I, 1903, we have had 
eleven business meetings, with an average attendance 
of eleven. We have thirteen active members and five 
honorary members. 

Our work consists principally of making stinbon- 
nets, different kinds of aprons, prayer coverings and 
numerous other articles, selling them at small profits. 
We made and sold over one hundred and fifty bon- 
nets last year. 

Our receipts in cash sales and donations amounted 
to eighty-seven dollars and forty-nine cents ; expenses 
were thirty-three dollars and eighty-nine cents. Val- 
ue of material oil hand, seventeen dollars. Value ot 
books, carpet, clothing and Christmas box sent to dif- 
ferent missions, thirty-one dollars and sixty cents ; 
also five dollars to the girls' educational fund, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa. 

An.oiinl'. now in treasury, fifty-three dollars and 

Mcpherson church aid society. 

Our last report was given April 7 , „ )0 _>. Since 
I hen we have met each week, except several weeks 
during smallpox times. Average attendance, ten. 

Amount received for general work done $3082 
weekly collections and monthly dues. $11.30- dona- 
tions received, $6.50. Twenty dollars sent to India 
Orphanage; ten dollars to Bible Department of col- 
lege. Goods shipped and incidental expenses, $2=; 84 
Cash on hand. $28.07. 

Marx V. Harshdakgur. Sec. 


2 Chron. 15: 8-15. 

For Week Ending Feb. 7. 1903. 

.. Get Rid of Sin. Verse 8. If iniquity is within „ 5 , God 

cannot bless ,, ur efforts, rsa. 50: n; so: 1. 2 !■ losl, 
7- I-', 13. Ps SI: f,. r,,, '" 

a. Self-Sacrifice. Vers,- ,,. Self must be overcome if „e 
would be v,rlr,r,n„s. Luke 14: 3.1: Philpp. .,: 7. 8; Mai. 
.1: 6-10. 

3. Covenant Consecration. Verse 12. "God with us"— 
Ihe basis of ..„r ,-nvenanl. I Cor. 6: 19. 20; Rom. 12: 

Consecration Must Be Real, 
outward show. Must be 
measures. A genu" 

Verses 12 and 15. No 
heart work. — no outward 
revival requires deep humility 
and hear! work. Isa. 57: 15. 

i. No Fear of Man. Verse 14. Truly devoted workers 
will never he ashamed to confess the truth. Rom. I: 
16; 1 Tim. 1: 18. 19; p.s. jo; 2 , 3. 
1. God with His People. Verse 15. He is found by those 

who sincerely seek him. Zech. 2: 3. 
. Great Ingathering of the Saved. Verse q. When God 
manifests his power in his saints. " sinners will be con- 
verted unto him." Ps. 51: 13. 

Rest to the Soul. Verse t S . When the Lord gives rest 
10 the soul, there is peace within, a holy joy and a 
foretaste of the joys beyond. 1 Cor. 2: 0, to. 




January 24, 1903 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 


- $1.50 per Annum in Advance. 

D. L. Miller. Illinois. ? FH „„„ I I- H. Moore, - • Office Editor. 

H. B Rrombaugh, Pa., S ■">'""■• | Grant Mahan, Associate Editor. 

T. F. Imlrr, Business Manager. 

Airitary GwimIK«; Daniel Hawi. W. Jr. DtHer, Bdfard Franls. 

\grk\\ business and communications intended lor the paper should 
be addressed to the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111., and not to 
any individual connected with it. 

Entered at the Post Office at Elgin, III., as Second-class Matter. 

During the late series of meetings at Oakley, 111., 
seven voung people united with the church. 

The late revival meeting at Union Chapel, W. Va„ 
closed with five putting on Christ in baptism. 

r"ELD. Daniel Zook, of 
(known to many members 

Birmingham, Iowa, and 
n the West, died Jan. 9. 

Six persons lately put on Christ in baptism during a 
series of meetings in the Lower Miami church, Ohio. 

Bro. I. D. Parker closed his series of meetings at 
Mexico, Intl., with six baptized and eight others await- 
ing the initiatory rite. 

Since the last report nearly seventy persons have 
been baptized in India. Our native membership is 
increasing very rapidly. 

About the first of March Bro. D. B. Gibson, of 
Cerrogordo, 111., expects to move to Girard, same 
State. At the present time he is engaged in a series 
of meetings at Logansport, Intl., with encouraging 

It can be shown that in a number of instances the 
Messenger has been the means, in the hands of God, 
of inducing brethren to leave off the tobacco habit. 
In not one instance has it been the cause of a man 
taking up the habit. 

The Brethren at Harrisburg, Pa., have taken steps 
with a view of erecting a new house of worship in 
the city. They have an excellent site, need the house 
and we feel sure that they are going to have it. They 
are of that make-up. 

Week before last mention was made of Bro. Levi 
Feightner changing his address from Mansfield, Ohio, 
to Lafayette, Ind. His correct address is Dayton, Ind 
He is located with the Fail-view congregation, nine 
miles east of Lafayette. 

When preparing obituaries for publication always 
give the residence of the deceased. When people read 
about the death of anyone they wish to know whether 
he lived in Pennsylvania, Illinois or some other State. 
Many notices are not published because of this defect. 

We are just in receipt of the Minutes of the Dis- 
trict Meeting of Middle Indiana. Most of the space 
is occupied with reports from the Mission Board, the 
North Manchester College and the Old Folks' and 
Orphans' Home. The showing is creditable. Bro. 
David Dilling is to represent the District on the Stand- 
ing Committee. 

The District Meeting of India is probably over be- 
fore this date. We hope to have a report of the meet- 
ing inside of a few weeks. 

mai' Virginia', was delfroyed-by nre' jafi. 9- 
building is to take i ts place. 

For the want of time scores of queries, relating 
,0 important questions, must be held over until our 
return from the Pacific coast. 

Bro E B. HoFpToTchicago, was with us over last 
Sunday, and preached both morning and evening. 
He was listened to with marked attention. 

The series of meetings at Surrey, N. Dak., closed 
with six applicants for membership. They were taken 
five miles to be baptized, and ice twelve inches thick 
had to be cut so the rite could be performed". 

We are again asked whether John baptized by 
single immersion. This question has been answered 
in the Messenger a half dozen times during the last 

this form of immersion. 

The coming Monday evening Bro. E. B. Hoft opens 
a Bible class in the West room of the Elgin church. 

He is to meet with the class every Monday evening. 

Nearly forty have signified their intention to enter 

the class. 

For our ministers we can still fill orders for Nave's 

Topical Bible. Price. $3.36 by express, prepaid. The 

regular price of the work is $7.50, but the Gish Fund 

enables us to lay it down to our ministers for the 

price named above. 

Some of the ministers have not yet ordered the 
Sunday School Lesson Commentary for 1903 to which 
they are entitled. We did not publish enough for all 
of them, so those thinking of securing a copy would 
do well to order at once. The work is free to ministers 
of the Brethren church for the cost of postage and 
packing, 16 cents. To others the price is 80 cents. 

One of our earnest sisters writes us that she would 
sooner dispense with one meal a day than to do 
without the Messenger. When people thus express 
themselves it makes us feel like working only the 
harder, in order that we may be able to furnish a 
paper that will be worth reading, for surely a paper 
that is thus highly prized must be accomplishing some 

It is said that Russia has plenty of money for war 
but none for arts. She can arm and tram her sol- 
diers for military operations but cannot spare the mon- 
ey to educate and prepare her people for the civic 
duties of life. With her, education and the better- 
ment of the masses seem to be secondary matters 
W so it is among the nations that learn war instead 
of the peace recommended by the Prince of Peace. 

Hundreds of our people are now reading Bro. Sto- 
ver's book, " India; a Problem," and so far as heard 
from they are all delighted with it. The book reads 
just like Bro. Stover talks, and this is a most pleasing 
feature of the work. He has a most interesting and 
easy way of saying things and this style is happily re- 
tained in his book throughout. If you have not yet 
procured a copy, see our agent in your locality and give 
him your order. Or the book may be ordered from 
the office direct, price in cloth binding, $1.25; mo- 
rocco binding, gilt edge, $2.00. There are no special 
prices to ministers. 

Few of our people give the Messenger more at- 
tention than Sister Kate Johnson, of Waterloo, Iowa. 
She is not only interested in the essays and editorials 
but she goes through with all the correspondence and 
keeps a careful account of the number of accessions 
reported in each issue. She writes us saying that 
her record shows that nearly five thousand members 
were received into the church by baptism during 1902. 
Of course 'not all of those baptized in the different 
parts of the Brotherhood were reported in the Mes- 
senger, though much the larger number were. We 
are therefore safe in placing the accessions to the 
church last year considerably above five thousand. 
While this increase is encouraging, still it is nothing 
like it ought to be. We pray for the time when the 
converts to the whole Gospel may be designated by 
the tens of thousands. 

Our Business Manager wishes us, on his behalf to 
thank our patrons for their kind and considerate way 
of calling the attention of the House to any mistakes 
that may have been made, or any matter that may have 
in the rush of business been delayed or- overlooked. 
Such kind methods are always appreciated. 

Writing under date of Jan. 15 Bro. Andrew Hutch- 
ison says : " To-day I can say what I could never have 
truthfully said before, and that is, I am sixty-seven 
years old, this being my birthday." He also says that 
his lame side is improving, and he thinks that he may 
be able to resume preaching early in February. 

The extent to which the divorce evil is carried is ^ 
clearly illustrated in the conduct of a man in Indiana, 
thirty years old, who has just filed his ninth divorce 
suit, all of his former wives living in the same neigh- 
borhood. The morals of the community must be ex- 
tremely low. The grounds on which the different suits 
for divorce were entered are not given in the report, 
but thev were evidently unscriptural. 

A very severe famine is said to exist in the north- 
ern part of Sweden. It is thought that fully seven 
million dollars will be required to keep the people 
from starving. In the extreme northern section of 
the country many of the inhabitants are subsisting on 
the bark of trees, and chopped birch twigs are be- 
ing fed to the cattle. Very few if any of the Breth- 
ren live in the part of the country where the famine 

Right in Chicago where there is an abundance to 
eat and wear, and where there is even enongh fuel 
to keep everybody warm were it anything like justly 
distributed, people are freezing to death. . Six persons 
are reported to have died in one day on account of. 
the cold weather. Thousands of dollars have been 
spent for food, clothing and fuel in order to help 
the poor, but in spite of every effort there is much 
s "S K o in G E o ,lr L' aTcDSnaugh, wKo'-may lie aaaresseu 
in care of the Union Pacific R'y.. at Omaha, Nebr., has 
proven himself to be a most efficient colonization agent 
and is finding cheap homes for hundreds of the Breth 
ren in various parts of the west. As much as possible 
he believes in locating our people in groups, so as to 
form a nucleus for a church. In this way he is doing 
an excellent work, and we know that his eff orts .are 
appreciated by those who have been assisted by im. 
He called on us last Monday, remaining only a few 


Those who have read Bro. D. L. Miller's last book, 
■• Eternal Verities," pronounce it the best production 
that has yet come from his pen. To say the very least 
of the work, it is a most excellent treatise and should 
find a place in every library in the Brotherhood. I 
takes up the evidences of the Bible an d tre Ls he 
subject in a way that it can be easily understood by the 
most ordinary reader. The testimony having a direct 
bearing on the subject is brought up to date. The 
reading is easy and at times real fascinating especially 
to those who'think as they read. The work may be 
had for $1.25, and is well worth the price. To min- 
isters of the Brethren church the book is free on re- 
ceipt of the cost of postage and packing. 19 cents. 

Bro E M. Cobb was with us a short time last week. 
i, being his first visit to the office since his return 
from abroad. While he did not see as much of the 
world as he had planned to see, still he seems to have 
greatly enjoyed his trip and saw enough of the Bible 
land to make the country of special interest to him. 
He and Bro. D. C. Campbell, who accompanied him, 
arc preparing to enter the field with lantern and views 
and give "a number of Bible land talks at such points 
where their services may be desire.l. While thus en, 

.aged they are authorized to look after the interest of 
the Publishing House, and will be found prepared to 

take orders for any of our publications, or do such 

other business as may pertain to the publishing in- 


January 24, 1903 



Writing from York, N. Dak., W..E. Burns says: 
" I have renewed my subscription for the Gospel Mes- 
senger, and would not consent to do without it. I re- 
gard it as an angel of mercy, bringing glad tidings from 
those afar off, and I further believe there is no other 
paper that discusses the truth of the Bible so thorough- 
Iv as does the Gospel Messenger." 


It is said that the Protestant ministers in Wash- 
ington City have decided not to solemnize a marriage 
when either of the parties to the marriage has been 
divorced and has a living companion. If any di- 
vorced persons at the Capital wish to get married 
they must go to the justice of peace, or some other 
civil officer. An agreement of this kind might be 
entered into by all the ministers in the United States 
for the good of society. The Gospel recognizes but one 
cause for -a divorce, and even acceding to this cause 
must not lead to indifference. When Brethren min- 
isters are called upon to solemnize marriages they 
should first ascertain whether either party has been 
divorced for unscriptural reasons, and if so then they 
should refuse to solemnize the marriage. We believe 
that they cannot be too careful in ascertaining the facts, 
where there are grounds justifying suspicion. When 
strangers call on a minister to be married, it is his 
duty, as a minister, to know whether he is solemnizing 
a marriage for parties who have no right to marry ac- 
cording to the Gospel. What God cannot join to- 
gether, man has no right to unite. By all ministers 
taking a firm stand against this growing evil it may 
be greatly lessened. The Brethren church has taken 
a firm stand against all divorces, save for the one 
cause, and we can well afford, in the interest of purity, 
to discountenance every marriage that is not in keep- 
ing with the demands of the Gospel. 

meeting with her whole mind and soul set on the 
services of the hour. Judging frofn the work done 
she must have put in several hours getting ready 
She did not say much herself, but she had it so ar- 
ranged that others had a good deal to say. She was 
in the spirit, and that influenced the rest. One of ex- 
perience, without any preparation, might have led the 
meeting with more ease and even more grace, but 
it would not have proven especially helpful to the 
leader. But in this instance the sister was greatly 
benefited. The half day that she had devoted to her 
preparation was something not soon to be forgotten. 
It left on the mind and oil the soul impressions that 
may serve their purpose for a long while. And what 
is true in this particular may apply to other lines of 
religious work, such as Sunday school, members' meet- 
ings, song services and even preaching services. It 
is in the thorough preparation that a special blessing 
is received. God will bless anyone who will make 
ample preparations for work assigned him. 

Your Office Editor closes his work on this issue 
Monday. Jan. 19, and, accompanied by his wife, 
starts on a trip to the Pacific coast, expecting to be 
absent from the office several weeks. Having been 
tied down to our desk for years, with few opportu- 
nities for recreation, we thought it might do us good 
to close our desk and go away for a short rest. We 
leave the Messenger in charge of our Associate Edi- 
tor, Bro. Mahan. who has been with us over five years, 
and is of course acquainted with every part of the 
work. Our patrons can greatly assist him by keep- 
ing the office well supplied with good matter, espe- 
cially in the way of church news and well-prepared es- 
says. We go over the Union Pacific railroad via 
Omaha. Salt Lake, Sacramento, San Francisco, and 
leave the train at Los Angeles, in southern California. 
From there we go direct to Inglewood to remain sev- 
eral days. During pur brief stay in the State we ex- 
pect to visit Lordsburg and a few other points, but 
time will not permit us to see all the churches in this 
part of the Brotherhood. While on the trip we may 
do some writing for the Messenger, our main pur- 
pose, however, is to get away from our work for a 
brief time and secure a much-needed rest. So we 
close our desk, utter a short prayer for our readers, for 
those we leave behind and turn our face towards the 
setting sun. God being our helper we hope to return 
invigorated and better prepared for our allotted task 


Some men seem to have been born with the brakes 
set, and nothing can move them. As they view it, 
the salvation of mankind depends upon faithfully 
standing as they have always stood, and hence the 
importance of setting more brakes. With their brakes 
set they would have been all right on the shore of 
the Red Sea when Moses told the children of Israel 
to stand still. But when the command came to moye 
forward they would not have been ready. Nor are 
such persons ready for the " Go ye " of the Gospel. 
As they look at it, every move is on the down grade, 
and the most essential thing to be done is to set the 
brakes. In fact they are better at the brakes than 
anywhere else, and seem hardly to know the differ- 
ence between the uphill and the downhill movements. 
If a Sunday school or a prayer meeting is to be or- 
riuna thev think about is to draw 

♦!,.,(. .-1, v 'nii^p- tut 

that there can be uerther prayer meeting nor aun- 
flay school. We have known some of these people 
to assume a solemn look and set the brakes every time 
anything was said about missionary work. Now, 
brakes are all right in their place, but when the church 
is moving with commendable speed and in the right 
direction there should be no calls for " down brakes." 
If these people who are everlastingly pulling at the 
brakes cannot be induced to reform it might be a 
most excellent idea to transfer them to the churches 
that are going with the world at lightning speed. 
Here " down brakes " would be just the thing. 

it stretches out its wings, it feels its growing strength, 
steps out on the wall of its narrow house and flies 
away. The same process is seen at work in all phys- 
ical and vegetable life. It teaches us that as we eat. 
sleep and grow, the world around us is also growing, 
and what we have to do is to be awake and hurry 
up to keep in step and abreast. 

And all these steps are forward, leading us into 
new fields and untrodden paths, so that the " what 
next " is always looming up before us and is ours if 
we are ready to lay hold of it. We miss the golden 
opportunities and grieve over the lost opportunities, 
because, while we are questing after the " what next," 
it eludes our grasp and is gone. When I was a boy. 
1 nil in die orchard, in a clump of bushes, sat a rab- 
hil. as I thought, with its eyes wide open. Quietly 
I mQved up 10 it. bent down over it with two open 
hands to grasp it. Indeed. I said it was mine, and 
was thinking how I would surprise the home folks 
and then, what a delicious supper we would all have 
— but, what next? A white cotton tail streaking 
across the field at lightning speed, fooling about the 
next thing to me until it skipped and was gone. 
Think a moment. Do you know how I felt? Just 
as you have felt time and again when you opened 
your eyes to the fact that a golden opportunity had 
slipped your grasp while you were debating about the 
" what next." 

There is one thing that we must all learn, That 
golden opportunities are nimble and wingy. They 
move quick and fly high. If we would secure them 
there is no time for doubting and debating. The way 
marks of wisdom are plainly posted and by them we 
must learn to know good things as the great wheel 
of fortune turns them into our reach. 

The new year is before us. The old one is gone. 
We look back, and we say, " If we only had known." 
Known what ? Things that passed through our hands 
and lurned into gold when gone by. These were the 
" what nexts " of the years gone by. And now again 

ass u l OT ,cb^eV:ilis,/¥lil>'T!;fc^sT l ,,^SoK,^ th - g00dl: ' 



Prayer meetings do good in various ways. They 
not only prove helpful to those who attend and take 
part in them, but they sometimes prove quite helpful 
to the leaders, especially when they put in consid- 
erable hard work on the preparation. We, have at- 
tended a number of these meetings that were led by 
inexperienced leaders. As a general thing leaders of 
this class spend hours preparing for their part of 
the work, and become deeply interested. We are re- 
minded of an instance where a sister came to the 

For thirty-two years I have been writing week- 
ly communications for the press, and during this 
time my themes have been varied, and, perhaps, not 
always edifying. But there is one thing that affords 
me some comfort. I have not been in the habit of 
repeating. And as I think back over my work the 
thought sometimes comes to me, What next? Are 
there yet, in the great field of thought, materials for 
new themes that would be edifying and make manna 
for hungering and thirsty souls? Feeding material is 
as exhaustless as the sands of the seashore or the drops 
that form the great seas. But they come in their 
lines of succession as human needs demand. And we 
receive them in the succession in which they come, 
as we grasp the thoughts contained in a book, by 
starting in at the beginning and reading, page by page, 
until the end is reached. Had I, in the beginning, tried 
to line out my subjects for months and years ahead, 
I suppose my " aheads " would have been " behinds " 
long ago. No, our Father has not put us in the 
world to do in this way. We live in a world of de- 
velopment and progress. We develop and go for- 
ward. So we see things in the natural world around 
us. We see the wee little bird in the nest as it 
opens wide its beak to receive the worm on which 
it feeds and grows. After awhile the feathers come; 

gUOU Ullllgs 

in the past. 

is inexhaustible— anil as they came to 
so they will continue to come. 

But you may ask. Mow shall we know them? By 
study and searching. To know is the first essential. 
We must learn how to know the good from the bad. 
And as we learn this, we are ready to reject the bad 
and accept (he good. It is the good we want— all of 
11s. It is this we want to receive, and it is 
this we want to give. And the first step to- 
wards getting it is first to seek the kingdom of 
Ijod. This golden opportunity comes to all of us. 
And there is no next to it. It is the one thing above ' 
all other things for our immediate acceptance. To 
leave this opportunity pass by it is to lose all that life 
has to live for— a happy living here and a heaven 
to enjoy in the beyond. H . B „ 


A very interesting and perhaps important discov- 
ery has just been made in Palestine, says William 
E. Curtis in a late issue of the Chicago Record- 
Herald, which will excite controversy among biblical 
students and archaeologists over the birthplace of John 
the Baptist. 

In the first chapter of the Gospel according to St. 
Luke we learn that a blameless man and woman 
named Zacharias and Elizabeth were living in a city 
of Judea, " in the hill country," when Mary, the moth- 
er of Jesus, visited them, and Elizabeth was her cous- 
in- And shortly after a child was born of Eliza- 
beth, and, according to the injunction of an angel, 
they called his name John, " and the hand of the 
Lord was with him," and his reputation was noised 
abroad throughout all the hill country of Judea. 
" And the child grew and waxed strong in spirit, 
and was in the desert till the day of his shewing un- 
to Israel. And the word of God came unto John, 
the son of Zacharias. in the wilderness, and he came 
into all the country about Jordan, preaching the bap- 
tism of repentance for the remission of sins." 




January 24, 1903 

From tlie time of the crusades a thriving village 
called Ainkarim, about four miles south of Jerusa- 
lem and an equal distance west of Bethlehem, had 
been identified as the place " in the hill country " 
where these extraordinary events occurred, and in the 
latter part of the eighteenth century the Marquis de 
Nointel, ambassador to Turkey, persuaded the Sultan 
to give the ruins of a church, then occupied as a 
stable, to the Franciscan fathers, who, in their ener- 
getic way, restored it as nearly as possible on the 
lines of the original erected by the crusaders; and 
they built a large monastery adjoining. This church, 
they believe, occupies the exact site of the house of 
Zacharias, in which Mary and Elizabeth exchanged 
maternal confidences, and John the Baptist was born. 
In an old fortification at Medeba, in the mountains 
of Moab, about three thousand feet above the level 
of the sea on the other side of the Jordan, and thirty- 
five miles southeast of Jericho, has been discovered 
a mosaic pavement, which is nothing less than a map 
of ancient Palestine. This map is made of small col- 
ored stones beautifully put together, and was un- 
doubtedly the floor of some important room in a 
church or a monastery, and probably dates from the 
fifth, or perhaps the fourth, century, when the By- 
zantine art of decorating floors with mosaic flour- 
ished, and Medeba was in its glory. At present Me- 
deba has a population of only nine hundred souls, 
mostly Christians, who are working industriously to 
restore the fertility of the wilderness of Moab. 

The largest town upon the map is Jerusalem, and 
the churches of the Holy Sepulcher and St. Anne 
are plainly marked; also the columns on both sides 
of the street leading from the Damascus gate to the 
other side of the city — which to this day is called 
in Arabic Bab-Il Amood — the gate of the columns. 
The Jordan can be plainly distinguished upon the map, 
although the fishes in it are almost as broad as the 
river itself. 

Toward its source a bridge appears to cross it, 
and on the farther side are a gazelle and a tiger, to 
filing boats in the Dead Sea almost as large as the 
sea itself, with two men in, each pullmg oars that 
touch the bank on both sides. Bethlehem, Hebron, 
Gaza, Askalon and other places can also be identified, 
and south of them is Egypt, with the Nile flowing 
through it. and, by its delta, reaching the sea The 
names of all these places are marked in Greek. 10 
the south of Jerusalem, on the Roman road leading 
to Hebron, is a place plainly marked: " Beth-Zakar, 
Home of the Holy Zacharias." 

Within the last few months an enterprising archae- 
ologist has been trying to locate Beth-Zakar, and at 
about the proper distance and direction from Jeru- 
salem has discovered an old ruin called by the na- 
tives " Beit Shakkar." The location and the similar- 
ity of the name attracted his attention, and particu- 
larly because a village called Safa, which lies only a 
little distance directly east, is also marked upon the 
mosaic map. This topographical evidence seemed to 
be convincing, and the archaeologist commenced dig- 
ging on the top of the hill, where there were evi- 
dences of former construction. 

His excavations soon disclosed the ruins of an old 
church, with arches and a vaulted roof resembling the 
representation upon the mosaic map. The church is 
twelve meters long and was once surrounded by im- 
mense buildings. The floor was laid in colored mo- 
saics similar to those at Medeba, which is accepted 
as proof that both existed about the same time. A 
considerable part of the mosaic is still in a good state 
of preservation, and the design and colors are ex- 
quisite. A half-obliterated inscription in Greek char- 
acters appears, in which the names of both John and 
Zacharias may be traced. 

The Franciscan fathers are already greatly excited 
by the discovery, for fear it will discredit the claims 
of Ainkarim, where they have spent so much labor 
and money on what they believed to be the birth- 
place of John the Baptist, but other biblical students, 
who are giving serious attention to the recent dis- 
coveries at Beit Shakkar, contend that the map at 

Medeba must be rejected as worthless if its claims 
are denied. They assert that both mosaics must have 
been laid not later than the fifth century and about 
the same time; that the locality of the ruins leaves 
no doubt that they are the remains of Beth-Zakar, 
and that the inscription establishes the theory that it 
was the home of John the Baptist. 


A Kansas City paper gives this interesting ac- 
count of a colored minister who united with the 
Brethren church three years ago. In early life he be- 
came a member of the M. E. church. That part of 
the report about him accepting the faith of the Breth- 
ren in youth seems to be incorrect. 

Thomas Patterson, an old darkey who passed away 
in Kansas City, Kansas, yesterday, was a remarkable 
man in many particulars. He never went to school 
a day in his life and could neither read nor write, 
yet he would stand on the street corners at night and 
preach sermons that were gems of thought and com- 
position. He would quote Scripture all through these 
serjnons, and people who heard him said he always 
quoted it correctly. His stories with which he adorned 
his sermons— and they were mostly original stories, 
too — were bright and witty, and they always had the 
proper application. 

Patterson was born in slavery in the South about 
sixty years ago and he began preaching to his peo- 
ple when he was a boy. 

" I was walking in the cotton fields on the old 
plantation when I had a vision," he used to tell. " The 
Lord came to me and told me to go out and help 
save the people of my race. I went to my old mas- 
ter and he gave me his blessing and told me" to do 
the Lord's bidding." 

In the days of his youth Patterson accepted the 
Dunkard faith and from that time until the close of 
his life he was a devout follower of this religious 

d Z min p a r»x ?o nd ms S °nan?e r , &%&&&**»<#* 
church, but he was always preaching and doing good. 
"He was a wonderfully intelligent old man Dr. 
E L Harrison said to-day, » and I have never known 
a more devout Christian. Nothing cou d induce™ 
to do a wrong act. and he was always kind. He had 
his ups and downs, and for every little service done 
him it was always, ' God bless you. 

Patterson leaves a widow and two children. Sev 
eral prominent citizens on the West side, for whom 
he did chores and odd jobs to earn a living are look- 
ing after the funeral arrangements and the comfort 
of the aged widow. 

fully reconciled io each other. Men sometimes learn 
to get along with each other by being kept apart for 
a time. It ought not to be thus, but men are hu- 
man, and the wiser heads must contrive ways of help- 
ing those needing their assistance. It is not always 
necessary to turn men down, or to entirely ignore 
them just because they do not happen to agree. It 
is their misfortune to be made that way, and the 
more fortunate ones should endeavor to help them 
over the weak places, trusting that the time may 
come when they will understand each other better. 
Of course the divided condition of officials should 
not be permitted to continue until the church is af- 
fected. Rather than have the church injured, it would 
be wise to arrange for other deacons. 


of Jericho fell, and yet the house 
,vas preserved. How could this 


Is i, considered right or wrong for members to take an 
active part in debating societies? 

Members may with propriety take an active part 
in prudentlv conducted debating societies. If the pur- 
pose is to improve the talent, and avoid that which 
is wholly unbecoming a Christian, the Messenger.* 
not disposed to condemn the course of one who takes 
a part in the work of such societies. A carefully 
conducted debating society is an excellent training 
school. In far too many instances, however, he train- 
ing is negated and the conduct of those taking part 
is no credit to the community. Then, even where the 
conditions are not so favorable, the young brother, 
who makes up his mind to do so, can so conduct him- 
self while taking part in the exercises as clearly to 
show the superiority of culture, refinement, intelligence 
and Christianity over rudeness and ignorance Much 
depends upon the purpose in any work of this kind. 

We read that the walk 
of Rahab, on the wall, 
have happened? 

Rahab's house was built on the wall, that is true, 
but that part of the wall seems not to have fallen 
with the rest. The same power that caused the de- 
struction of the other parts of the wall caused this 
part to be preserved. It clearly shows the hand of 
God in the work. Jericho stood on an extensive plain 
in the Jordan valley. The city was then a strong- 
hold, and of considerable size. It is within the lim- 
its of reason to presume that the distance around 
the city may have been a mile or more, and, as the 
walls were very thick, there was room sufficient for 
a number of houses. Or Rahab's house may have 
been in a lower part of the city, where the ground 
on the inside had been piled up to the level of the 
wall. Places like this may be seen at Jerusalem to- 
day. When the wall around the city fell the section 
on which the house of Rahab stood remained firm, 
and thus God respected the promise made by the spies. 

dnced to amend nis ways, ne »»j r 

fall into the judgment of the church for persisting 
"iottion of Heb. to: a S , " Not forsaking the 
assembling of yourselves together as the ^ manne tf 
some is " And, by the way, this is a duty that should 
rVe overlooked. One who does "Ot enpy goo 
health or lives a long distance from the place ot 
mt tig may be excused for not attending the serv- 
Z regularly, bur for those who en, oy good heath 
are abfe to go about their regular duties from day 
day and are conveniently located to the place of 
services, there is no excuse, and of course they should 
e looked after. It might be well to have some o 
th e members visit them frequently, and in this .way 
bring them in touch with the church and her work. 


What is the best course to pursue when the deacons 
a„ too much divided to attend to their church work 

Let the elder assign to each one his individual 
work, and at the same time endeavor to get them 


The city of SalonicaTIh^st due north of Athens 
abllt two' hundred miles, and three hunted * 

rCa^r^ntcitv when visited by the 
apostle of the Gentiles, but it i-harmmgly loca *i 
In the citv is a very old church m which Paul is 
said to have preached. To visit this church, and took 
upon its walls gives one a feeling that cannot he 



Late reports say thaTnTthe land of Judea, Pal- 
es^eVe are a/this tiVne about ^ Jews and 
fully of them live in Jerusalem. There are al 
o a number in Galilee, and not a few ,n Samaria. 
In spUe of all the efforts of the Turks to the con- 
trary the number of Jews in the Holv Land is'grad- 
ually increasing. 

January 24, 1903 



fteneral Missionary and Tract Department 


Illinois | H. C. Early, 


Indiana | A. B. Barnhart. - 


John Zuck, Iowa 

Address all business to 
<3eneral Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin, III. 

* , * 

* The next regular meeting of the General Mission- * 

* ary and Tract Committee will be held in Elgin. III., * 

* March 10, 1903. Business intended for this meet- * 

* ing should be in the files of the Committee not later * 

* than Feb. 24. J 

;. •$>*<$»* <-: 


Life and immortality were brought to light in the Gos- 
pel. Carrying -the Gospel to other nations is taking life 
to them. «><*><& 

Suppose you were a heathen. Would you like to be 
left in that condition and have your children grow up 
without a knowledge of the love of God for sinful, help- 
less man? <§> § <§> 

Will the church measure up to its fesponsibilites? This 
is the question which workers of every denomination are 
asking themselves, and it is one which we cannot too care- 
fully consider, for on our answer depends the future wel- 
fare of our church. 

The coming of Christ's kingdom may be hastened or de 
layed by us. Our prayer to the Father is, "Thy kingdom 
come." But we need to remember that prayer alone will 
not bring it. There is a certain work to be done before the 
world is ready for the coming of the kingdom of righteous- 
ness, and each of us has a part of that 

,vork to do. 


A movement was started in the Trinity church, Spring- 
field, Mass., Nov. 1, 1898, to raise a twenty million dollar 
thank offering for fhe Methodist Episcopal church. At 
a watch-night service the secretary of the commission 
announced that the fund had more than reached the 
twenty-million mark. So in a little more than four years 
this amount was raised. Nine million of it goes to paying 
church debts, eight million to schools, and the remainder 
to various other works in which the church is interested. 
This shows what can be done where there is a willing 
mind. But it was not done without many persons making 
up their minds that it could be done and should be done, 
and then going to work to see it done. That is what is 
necessary everywhere in every good work. Let a few 
men be thoroughly convinced that any given course 
should be pursued, and it will not be long until others, and 
still others, will be pursuing that course. We have il- 
lustrations of this in our own church history. Bro. Hope 
believed that the church could and should start a mission 
among the Scandinavians. He talked and worked and 
prayed about it, and the work was started. Bro. Stover 
thought we should have a mission in India. He worked 
to bring it about, and now we have one. And most of 
us know of other cases, sometimes the work being local 
and sometimes general in scope. 

We have no twentieth century fund. We have set no 
figures. Perhaps we should be better, do better, be more _ 
helpful, give more light to a world sitting in darkness if 
we had a stake set somewhere and were trying to reach 
it. But there is one drawback to this plan, one respect 
in which it fails to be as good as the New Testament 
plan. When a certain amount is decided upon, one is 
inclined to think more of what others should give than 
of what he will give. The better way is for each one to 
decide in his own heart what he can give, and then give 
it. And after that it will be time for him to talk with 
others, for then he can speak from experience and can 
have more influence than he could have otherwise. 

To follow the gospel plan of giving would be best, would 
produce greatest results. But since we are unable or 
unwilling to adopt the plan given by Paul, there is no 
reason why we should not do the best we can. We can 
and ought to raise more than a hundred thousand dollars 
a year. We are glad for our religion, or we say we are 
glad. We would not part with it for any sum of money 
men might offer. But for some reason (is it covetous- 
ness?) we are slow to part with our money in order that 
others may have the blessings which it brings. How long 
will it be so? Are we resolved not to be moved to great- 
er effort by all that the Lord has done for us? We hope 
not, believe not; and yet sometimes our actions are slow 
when compared with the need and the opportunity before 
us. Will we not try to move a little faster, do at least a 
little more? ** **- 

The contributions for mission work largely go for work 
in foreign fields, as may be seen by the report of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board in the Missionary Visitor. The 
amount contributed for home mission posts under the 
control of that Board is also given, Chicago and Brooklyn 
for example. It may be seen at a glance that the amount 
contributed for such home mission stations is but a small 
per cent of what is sent to foreign countries. The effort 
put forth in foreign fields, especially in India, is corre- 
spondingly successful. Two of the leading causes which 
have contributed to our success in missionary effort in 
India are the large amounts of means sent there and the 
entire attention of the missionaries given to their work. 
There are a few who give their entire attention to mis- 
sion work here, particularly in cities, but the reports 
would seem to indicate that means and facilities for real 
successfur work are lacking. Mission work in State Dis- 
tricts is still less successful, and the reasons are apparent 
—lack of interest, lack of means, too few laborers for the 
field to be gone over, and a lack of a good home mission- 
ary system. In our State District we have one missionary 
or evangelist for a territory six hundred miles long by 
two hundred wide. What can one man do in so large a 
field? He can do good work in a few well-organized 
congregations where the home ministers and Sunday 
schools have prepared the ground for the sowing, but 
what time has he to spend in the many outposts where 
there are a few faithful members and no preacher, but 
where good congregations could be established with 
means and The proper effort? It is to this kind of home 
mission work in State Districts that we wish to call spe- 
cial attention. 

Lack of means is most generally the obstacle in the 
way of success in State Districts. Where several thou- 
sand dollars may be raised during a single meeting at our 
General Conference for foreign missions, it is often diffi- 
cult to raise as many hundreds in a State District during 
a whole year. The lack of success in home mission work 
does not always lie, however, in the lack of means. Some- 
times the fault lies-in the indifference of the elders in pre- 
senting the needs of the mission boards to their congrega- 
tions. Sometimes the fault lies even in the indifference 
or inefficiency of the board itself. We have in mind a 
State District considered wealthy which expended less 
than a hundred dollars during the year for mission work 
—less in fact than they paid the solicitor for collecting 
the money. The result was according to the effort put 
forth. This poor result was not for lack of means, for 
there were hundreds of dollars in the treasury and more 
to be had; not for lack of calls for preaching at points un- 
der the special care of the board, nor for lack of well- 
qualified evengelists who could have been secured. The 
trouble seems to have been with the board. This some- 
times is the case. We once attended a District Meeting 
where the mission board made a very unsatisfactory re- 
port. An elder arose and said, " If this board were a 
wooden one we would just know what to do with it." 
Perhaps he should not have spoken so plainly. At any 
rate all the members of that board resigned and a new 
one was elected, and the work succeeded better. The 
best home mission boards we ever knew had among them 
private members noted for their business ability. 

All who are familiar with the mission work in our 
church must confess that our home work is far behind our 
foreign effort, in means and methods; hence also in re- 
sults. We do not seem to realize that more strenuous 
efforts put forth in support of home missions would re- 
sult in more and larger congregations, and then more 
for work in foreign fields. We should have some 
laborers to travel through each District and 
the churches to a consciousness of the needs at 
the District evangelists have not time to do 
and also fill their regular appointments. In short, we need 
a better home missionary system. S. Z. Sharp. 

Fruita, Colo. 

hands, still it is a bold 
we can." 

While endowments 
been great helps in 
this noble work, thi 

stretch towards " doing what 

loans and independent gifts have 
securing our present standing in B 
much more, it seems to me, will 

be an ever-increasing help, as from fifty thousand dol- 
lars to perhaps one hundred thousand dollars for a be 
ginning, it will be an annually ever-increasing dollar do- 

Either way, for immediate use or as a capital draw- 
ing interest it will do much for the extension and sup- 
port of missions. 

We feel so well pleased with the thought as ad- 
vanced by our brethren that most readily do the mem- 
bers of this mission subscribe to its requirements in 
the forceful way of example. "Go" is the command. 
Let in respond in mind, and with body and with prop- 
erty. Chas. S. Hilary 
Hespeler, Can. ^ <& <& 


Jesus denounced the scribes and Pharisees for their 
nver-carcfulncss about the doing of outward things to the 
neglect of the possession of the inward graces. He said. 
"Ye pay tithe of mint." etc. Did he <ay this was wrong? 
No; the occasion of his censure was thetr omission of 
"the weightier matters of the law." As to the tithe pay- 
ing he said, "These ought ye to have done." Matt. 23: 
23. Thus we have the unmistakable words of Christ's 
approval upon the tithing system. In substance Jesus 
says that you owe one-tenth of all your increase to the 
Lord; and, brother, when you owe a thing you ought 
to pay it. Yon claim for yourself, I suppose, that you are 
in the habit of dealing honorably with your fellow-men. 
You ought to deal with the Lord that way. H an obli- 
gation to map is a .sacred thing, how about an obligation 
to the Lord? "Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed 
me," says the Lord. Wherein had Israel robbed God? 
The Lord through the prophet tells them how.— " In tithes 
and offerings." Mai. 3: 8. Tn other words, they owed 
the Lord one-tenth of their income, and their refusal Cor 
neglect simply, it may have been) to pay it. the Lord 
designates as robbery. Is it out of place to call the same 
thing bv the same name to-day? How much did you 
contribute to the Lord's cause last year? You say. " One 
hundred dollars, and I certainly gave my share." And 
what was your income? "Well, at least a thousand dol- 
lars." In that case do not say you gave one hundred dol- 
lars You owed the Lord that much and you only paid 
what you owed. You gave nothing. We should pay our 
debts, and first of all our debt to tin 


id then 

will be time to talk about giving something. 

he is in debt and he cannot contribute 

until he pays his debts. Why. he 

is if Jones is proprietor-in-chief of all thai he calls 

ind as if ho has a right tn bold the Lord off to 

a pauper dependent upon Jones's chari- 

have been looking at this thing 

the Lord till at least the 

Brn. Jones says 
to the Lord's cause 
his own, 

await his turn, a 
ties. Bro. Jones, you 
wrong. You arc in debt . 

ith is paid him, and you have no right to use the Lord s 

- 1 — An 


money to discharge an obligation to 

sacred or more urgent than 

what you 

home. This 


The suggestion that one dollar per capita of the Broth- 
erhood be instituted as a yearly donation for mission use, 
is good as well as seasonable. By seasonable I mean 
that it comes at a time of great awakening among us 
for mission interests and is at once an inspiration to 
duty. I feel that there will be a hearty response made 
to the suggestion, for as yet. officially, it is not a call 
by the church: but the demand that has awakened us 
to thought, like Paul at Troas (Acts 16: 9). shapes itself 
readily into the intreaty. "Come over and help us; " to 
which the awakening is but an interpreting of the vision 
gathering the "assurance" that it is the Lord's sending. 

I like it. because it has the stamp and tone of busi- 
ness and will meet with voluntary assent and help 

I would not use another phrase, because I am talking 
of an earnest class of people who only want to see the 
truth, to accept it. 

The mission work is as extensive as the world its 
field- and when we consider this feature of giving alone, 
we feel, though our giving does not fully meet the 
demands of the Master in the sacrifice required at our 

e else. 

obligation to man is not more 
an obligation to the Lord. " Honour the Lord with thy 
substance, and with the firstfruirs of all thine increase. 
Prov 3: 9, Pay the Lord first, then pay your fellow-man 
him then give the Lord all you can. 

James M. Neff 
Melvin Hilt. N. C. i> <i> G> 


Toro especially has become the center of widespread 
evangelistic and missionary effort. Only fiye years _ ago 
the first converts there were bapt.zed; and yet last Christ- 
mas day, some four hundred and twenty-eight communi- 
cants gathered round the table of the Lord at ou. -central 
station there: and in the same place I suppose that some^ 
,hing like one thousand men, women and ch.ldren come 
,oge.her every morning in the week for instruction ,n the 
fundamentals of Christianity. The king of t he co ntry 
is an earnest Christian man. a man who has learned a les- 
son which. I cannot help thinking, many a European ruler 
and administrator has need to learn-that nghteousness 
exalteth a nation," and that "sin ,s a reproach o any 
people." All his influence, therefore, is exerted tn the di- 
rection of fostering everything that makes for nghteou*- 
ness Slavery and the slave-trading are denounced and 
punished, and oppression and wrongdoing are m man- 
ner denounced in season and out of season. The conse- 
quence is that the king is fast gaining an influence amongst 
,he native tribes and native chiefs second to none in Cen- 
tral Africa. The church at Toro. like the church of Ugan- 
da is fast becoming a missionary church. The king - 
vounger brother, the heir to the throne, has gone forth in- 
to Bunynro as one of the first missionaries of the church 
at Toro; his brother-in-law and many other young men 
have followed in his footsteps; and at Mbogo. on he 
fartner side of the river, close upon the borders of the 
Congo Free State, the native missionaries of the church 
in Toro are coming in contact with and instructing the 
pygmies of Sunfey's dark forest.-Church Miss.onary 




January 24, 1903 

Notes from Our Correspondents 

" As cold water lo a thirsty 


1 is good news from a far country. " 

Los Angeles. — Brother and Sifter D. L. Miller arrived 
in Lo? Angeles Dec. 12. They have been in and around 
the city ever since, making the city headquarters. Bro. 
Miller gave us one sermon and six lectures which were 
fully enjoyed by large audiences. These lectures were 
given in connection with our missionary and Bible meet- 
ing. The offerings for the six lectures amounted to one 
hundred dollars, which is to be used for missionary pur- 
poses. Bro. Miller has done our church much good. — J, 
W. Cline. 129 E. Lake Ave.. Los Angeles, Cal., Jan. 15. 

Lordsburg.- — Our love feast, held Jan. 10, was a feast 
to the soul. It was well attended; about one hundred 
and seventy-five surrounded the Lord's tables. Thirteen 
visiting ministers were with us. Eld. Geo. Shamberger of- 
ficiating. Sunday. Jan. 11. Eld. D. L. Miller preached 
two interesling sermons to large and attentive congrega- 
tions. He will remain with us this week to deliver his 
illusirnted lectures. — Fannie Neher. San Dimas, Cal.. Jan. 


Oakley,— Bro. J. W. Lear closed his labors with us 
yeMerday. Seven dear young people were brought into 
the fold of Christ. Considering the inclement weather, 
the attendance and interest were commendable. We have 
great reason to rejoice, as three of the above number 
were our own dear children. — Mattie E. Blickenstaff, 
Oakley. Til., Jan. 10. 

Shannon. — Our quarterly council was held Jan. 3. We 
lost four members by removal, but gained five by ac- 
cession and two by letter the past year; so we are hold- 
ing our own in point of numbers. We re-organized our 
Sunday school and decided to have young people's meet- 
ing every two weeks in the evening, one-half hour before 
regular preaching service. Our elder, D. Rowland, has 
eight miles to travel to meet with us. but his seat is 
-eldom vacant. — F. G. McNutt, Shannon. Til., Jan. 12. 


Beech Grove.— Bro. Henry Fadely. of Upper Fall Creek. 
Tnd.. came to the Beech Grove church Jan. 3 and began a 
series of meetings, and is still preaching. — Luther Bedel, 
Tngalls, Tnd.. R. R. No. 1. Jan. 17. 

Bringhurst. — Eld. D. B. Gibson is preaching at our 
mission point in Lngansport with good interest. — A. G. 
Crosswhite, Bringhurst. Tnd.. Jan. 13. 

West Goshen.— Isaiah Rairigh, of Woodland, Mich., 
is booked to hold a series of meetings in the West 
Goshen church. Tnd., commencing Oct. 24. The reason 
this notice comes so early is that the adjoining districts 
may know the time and not appoint their meetings to 
conflict with ours.— J. H. Miller. Goshen. Tnd.. Jan. ^13. 

Eight Mile church met in special council meeting Jan. 
10. for the purpose of making arrangements lo get a min- 
ister to fill place made vacant by Bro. Daniel Wampler. 
whose moving awav leaves us without a minister. The 
members present decided for deacons to look after same. 
We should like to hear from ministers desiring to locate 
in new fields nf labor or come to us once or twice a 
month. We would gladly accept some good worker. We 
-'Iso elected our Sunday-school officers for six months; 
■Rro. Tlavid Bruinbanch and the writer superintendents. 
Bro. W. R. Dieter came to us Dee. ti and preached a 
mimber of soul-cheering -crmons. — E. Eikenberry, Mar- 
1-le. Tnd.. Jan. 12. 

Elkhart Citv. — Our revival meetings are growing in in- 
terest, Bro. J. V. Felthonse is delivering the truth to 
us m a very earnest way. Bro. E. S. Heestand's returned 
from_ iheir visit in Ohio and will also help us in our 
meetings. We have an interesting voung people's me-et- 
inrr known as Bible Union. This body convenes every 
Sundav evenintr at fi o'clock,— S. C. Kindv. Elkhart, Tnd.. 
Jan. ifi. 

Mexico.— Bro. T. D. Parker came to this rhnrcb Dec. 
J? and began a series of meetings. He preached twenty- 
nine *ermons. closing last night. The attendance was 
■ rrccnilar. the weather bein? cold and stormy. Six were 
baptized, nnc was reclaimed and there are eicht appli- 
eants not baptized on account of the very cold weather 
Bro. Hillerv will be with us Thursday and will stay a 
few days and preach for us.— A. D. Lair. Mexico, Tnd . 
Tan. T2. 

Pyrmont church bad a pleasant members' meeting Satur- 
day. One letter was granted. Decided to have our elder. 
L. T. Holsmcrer. becin a series of meetinss at our country 
hoi^e Tan, ti. The church desires to have T. B. Trout 
conduct ?. series of meetings next winter. Church and 
cemetery officers were re-elected. The request was grant- 
ed to have Bro. E. AT. Cobb come with his views of the 
Bible _Land< during the winter. Sunday school wa^ re- 
nreanizerl with Bro. Mcrton HnMneer superintendent. 
Hro. Sok Ulery assistant.— Ellen Blickenstaff. Pvrmont. 
Tnd.. Tan. 8. 

^ Somerset— Our series of meetings at the Cartcreek 
v.?"t P - JJ 1 , Snmer ^< church, are in the nast. Bro. 
W. T., Hatcher, of Kokomo, Tnd.. came to us Dec 27 and 
commenced meetings and continued until Jan it The 
meeting were well attended. One was received into the 
.^nurch by baptism. This church being the birthplace of 
Bm Hatcher and wife into the kingdom of Christ, the- 
have many Friends. To-mnrrow night Bm. Hatcher will 
commence a senes of meetings with the Brethren at Lan- 
desvtlle. We also expect Bro. Hatcher to conduct a 
-erics of meetings for us at our other house, at Mt 
t J n °n' < nmct i mc '" February.— M. M. Miller. Marion, 
Tnd.. R. R. 4. Tan. n. 

Salem church met in quarterly council Jan. 10. One 

letter of membership was received. A. 
appomtcd (o prepare programs for ministerial Sunday- 
school and missionary * : -._ «. . ... 

committee was 
nectings to be held in our con- 
gregate next fall Eld. T. P. Bailey tendered bis re- 
lation as elder of this congregation. The resignation 

oTrlnnT'^ J nd ,? ra -V 1 FnlMf; was chosen elder 
Our Sunday school began the new vcar with Bro. Mankjn 
Wray superintendent and the writer assistant.— Mamie C 
Tan. t;\ 

Sin!^ Lc 

Waterloo. — The church here is moving along nicely. 
The attendance keeps up right along through the winter 
weather. Our prayer meeting has been increasing in 
numbers until now we have from forty to sixty. Not on- 
ly the largest percentage, but the largest number of per- 
sons present of any prayer meetings that T have ever 
been at. — I. C. Johnson, Waterloo, Towa, Jan. 13. 

Herington. — C. H. Brown, our District evangelist, came 
to this place Jan. 3 and preached ten excellent sermons. 
The few members residing here feel that they have in- 
deed enjoyed a rich spiritual feast. — Sadie Wine, Hermg- 
ton, Kans., Jan. 12. 

McPherson. — To-day another student came out and aft- 
er the reading and teaching of Matthew 18 he was bap- 
tized. — Mary V. Harshbarger, McPherson, Kans., Jan. 11. 
Navarre. — Having been appointed by the missionary 
board of Northeastern Kansas as traveling evangelist, I 
began work in Herington, in the Christian church. Had 
eleven meetings with growing interest. God's little ones 
seemed much built up. From Herington I came to a 
schoolbouse near Dunlap; began meetings Jan # 13; will 
continue some time. Isolated members will please write 
me at Navarre, Kans. My mail will be forwarded to me. 
— C. H. Brown, Navarre. Kans., Jan. 15. 

Paint Creek congregation met in council Jan. 10. Our 
elder M. O. Hodgdcn. presided. His health having failed, 
he wished to be released from the charge of the church. 
We granted his request and chose Bro. Salem Beery, 
of Girard, Kans., in bis stead. Bro. Beery delivered three 
interesting discourses while present with us. We have 
adopted the Brethren Hymnal for our Sunday school 
and church song service; have song practice each Wednes- 
day evening. We are well pleased with the book. — Lydia 
V. Crumpacker. Uniontown, Kans., R. R. No. 1, Jan. 11. 

Scott Valley church was favored by five soul-convicting 
sermons delivered by Bro. W. H. Leaman. the evangelist 
of the Southeastern District of Kansas. According to the 
rulings -of this District, he preached one excellent mis- 
sionary sermon, after which a collection amounting to 
S29.54 was taken in behalf of the mission work of the 
District.— O. F. Sherfy, Westphalia, Kans.. Jan. 12. 

Riverside.— Eld. J. M. Lair gave us a series of thirteen 
meetings, under the instructions of the mission board. 
The meetings were well attended and good interest pre- 
vailed. The meetings closed Jan. 9. Two dear brethren 
have lately come back to the church. Our Sunday school 
continues with A. S. Tyson superintendent and the writer 
assistant.— Harvey Good, Gait, Mich., Jan. 12. 

Hancock church met in council Jan. 3. Bro. C, C. 

Nicholson presided. Six letters of membership were re- 
ceived. We re-organized our Sunday school; Bro. Sam- 
uel Schechter superintendent and Sister Grace Guyer as- 
sistant. We expect to build a churchhouse in the spring. 
— Elta Pratt, Hancock, Minn., Jan. 10. 

Root River.— Jan. 3 we met in council. We re-organ- 
ized our Sunday school. J. W. Broadwater was again 
elected superintendent. John Fishbaucher assistant. Five 
letters were granted, our elder's being among them. One 
letter was received. The writer was elected correspond- 
ent for one year. — Hannah Shook, Preston. Minn.. R F. 
D No. 2, Tan. 8. 


East Prairie church met in council Jan. 13. All busi- 
ness was transacted in peace. Bro. Ira P. Ebv presented 
his resignation as elder over this church, which was ac- 
cepted. Bro. Ebv has labored long and faithfully among 
us. Bro. B. E. Kesler, of Ferrenbure. Mo., was chosen 
elder over this church. Bro. John Blackquell requested 
that an agent for the Gospel Messenger be appointed in 
his place. Bro. M. B. Register was chosen. Home mis- 
sion, one dollar and five cents collected. The writer was 
chosen correspondent. Our Sundav school is evergreen. 
—Lucy Blackquell. East Prairie,' Mo.. Jan. 16. 

Fairview church met- in council Jan. 10. The weather 
being cold, but few assembled. We are in the midst of a 
series of meetings conducted by our home minister, J. B. 
Hylton. Bro. J. H. Argabright. from Tennessee, came 
to us. He preached two or three sermons. He is think- 
ing of locating in this part.— Lizena Hvlton. Olathe, Mo., 
Jan. 12. 

Prairie View.— We met in council Jan. 10. Our Bib!" 
institute, held durincr the holidays by Bro. D. L. Mohler 
and Mr. Daniel Kauffman. of the Mennonites, proved both ' 
interesting and instructive, but was not so largely attend- 
ed—Sophia K. Cline. Versailles. Mo.. Jan. T2. 


Bethel. — Our church work is moving along very pleas- 
antly. Jan. 10 we met in council. The different offi- 
cers were elected for the ensuing year. Eld. S. Rothmck 
was again chosen for our shepherd. Eld. S. M. Fornev 
and Eld. C. Fitz were with us at this council. Special 
work came before the meeting. There was a choice held 
for a minister and two deacons. The minister chosen i* 
Bm, Wilbert Horner; deacons. Bro. Frank Beck and Bro. 
A. D. FIory- t The meeting was very impressive. The 
young people's meeting and mission band meeting meets 
every Lord's Day evening, which is verv instructive — 
Zoura Lichty, Davenport. Nebr.. Jan. 13. 

Falls City. — This church met Jan. 10 in special council 
There were present with us elders U. Shick. A. D. Sol- 
lenberger and P. E. Whitmer. The writer was ordained 
to the eldership. Eld. Shick officiated, assisted by Eld. 
Sollcnberger. The brethren all gave us excellent coun- 
sel, and dealt to us the " Bread of Life " both Saturday at 
7:30 P. M. and Sunday at 10:30 A. M.— Jas. A. Stouder. 
Falls City. Nebr.. R. R. No. 2. Jan. 12. 


Notice.— To the Sunday schools of the State District of 
North Dakota and Northern Minnesota: Any Sunday 
schools not having received blanks for Sundav-schoo] re"- 
port. kindly notify the District Secretary at once.— Clara 
Alstadt. Dist. S. S. Sec. Perth. N. Dak.. Jan. 10. 

Surrey.— The series of meetings that has been going 
on at the Surrey church ever since the dedication. Dec. 
28. closed last night with a good interest. The attend- 
ance was good. Fid. J. H. Bradley did all the preach- 

ing, twenty-one sermons, but two sermons. A goodly 
number went to Mouse river to-day, five miles from the 
church, where the ice (twelve inches deep) was cut and 
six precious souls were baptized by Bro. G. Stryker, all 
young people. Also one asked to be restored. We are 
glad we now have a good churchhouse; it was badly need- 
ed. — Henry Frantz, Surrey, N, Dak., Jan. 14. 

Whiterock. — To-day we received a dear sister into 
church fellowship by baptism, which was a very pleasant 
sight. — Hannah Dunning, Denbigh. N. Dak., Jan. 14. 


Casstown. — We have just closed a very interesting se- 
ries of meetings, conducted by brethren J. M. Stover and 
S. E. Porter, of Bradford. Ohio. Jan. 10 we met in coun- 
cil. Eld. Henry Gump and brethren Stover and Porter 
were present. All business passed off pleasant!}'. The 
re-organization of our Sunday school resulted as follows: 
Bro. Wilbur Bashore superintendent and Sister Priscilla 
Weddle assistant.— Carrie E. Weddlc. R. F. D. No. 2. 
Troy, Ohio, Jan. T2. 

East Nimishillen. — Our series of meetings at the brick 
church convened Dec. 27 and continued until Jan. II. 
Bro. Samuel Sprankle conducted the meetings, preaching 
nineteen soul-cheering sermons. . Our series of meetings 
at the Lake house will commence in the near future. 
Bm, Reuben Shroyer is to do the preaching. — A. J. Car- 
per. Middle Branch, Ohio. Jan. 14. 

Lower Miami. — Our series of meetings of over three 
weeks' duration closed Jan. 4. Eld. A. G. Crosswhite 
ably conducted them. There were six accessions to the 
church. Bro. Crosswhite also officiated at our love feast 
which was a very pleasant occasion. Elders T. J. Rosen- 
berger and Samuel Horning were also present— J. O. 
Garst. R. R. No. 6, Dayton. Ohio. Jan. 12. 

Lower Stillwater. — Our series of meetings in upper 
house closed Jan. it, Bro. Jacob Rarick delivered twenty 
sermons. As the weather during most of the time was 
somewhat inclement, the attendance was only fair, but 
the interest was good. One dear soul before she had 
wandered far in sin gave her heart to God. Our series nf 
meetings in the lower house will begin Feb. r. Bro. 
B. F. Sharp has promised to be witti us then. — A. L. Klep- 
ingcr. Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 13. 

Maumee church met in council Jan. 3. our elder. Jacob 
Kintner, presiding. One letter was granted. All busi- 
ness passed off in a pleasant manner. Jan. 4 we re-organ- 
ized our Sunday school. J. T. Kleaglc was elected su- 
perintendent and Eddie Kintner assistant. — David Shorlg. 
Sherwood. Ohio. Jan. 13. 

North Poplar Ridge.— Bro. G. W. Sellers, of Bryan, 
Ohio, began a series of meetings Dec. 27 and closed Jan. 
10. Two precious souls came out on the Lord's side and 
were baptized, and we were much built up. — Sarah M. 
Hornish, Defiance, Ohio, R. R. No. 2. Jan. 15. 

Wolf Creek. — Jan. 9 we were well instructed on the 
evils of secrecy by Bro. Quincy Leckrone, of Glenford. 
Ohio. We expect Eld. W. R. Decter to begin our series 
of meetings at the Wolf Creek house Feb. 37 Enough has 
been subscribed to have a singing school a&mnr Fversofe 
house.— J. Hornet Bright. R. R. No. 4. Dayton. Ohio. 
Jan. 14. 

Guthrie Mission.— Dec. 10 Eld. A. W. Austin came to 
us and preached for us until Dec. 25. At 11 o'clock we 
met for preaching. Eld. Samuel Edgecomb preached. 
We again met for evening meeting at six. Sixty-four sur- 
rounded the tables. Eld. A. W. Austin officiated. There 
were many members here from adjoining congregations; 
eleven ministers, six of them being elders. Bro. Jacob 
Ulery and wife were with us at our feast. He and sonu- 
others remained over Sunday with us. We are still hav- 
ing a good Sunday school every Sunday at to A. M., and 
preaching at 11, and a live social meeting at 6:30 Sunday 
evening. — Hannah Neher, Guthrie, Okla.. Jan. 15. 

Kiowa. — Our little band of members met in council Jan. 
10. Two more were received by letter, so that we now 
number thirteen, and expect others yet this month. Our 
Sunday school was re-organized, with Bro. J. A. Brubaker 
superintendent and Brn. George 'Rink assistant. During 
the first week of January we had a scries nf meetings by 
Bro. B. F. Masterson. of California, who with his wife 
came to visit his brother, our elder. Jos. Masterson. 
Their stay among us was very pleasant and good interest 
was manifested. His sermons were interesting, instruct- 
ive and convincing. Are there not others who will 
."come over into Macedonia" and help us? — Nettie R. 
Brubaker. Harrison, Okla., Jan. 15. 

Pleasant Plains cjiurch met in council Jan. to. Our 
elder not being present, Bro. H. Booze presided. Church 
officers were elected for the year. Our choice for elder 
is Henry Brubaker. We would be glad to have good 
workers locate with us. especially an elder, as we have 
no resident elder and greatly feel the need of one.— 
Mamie Stookey. Carwile. Okla.. Jan. it. 


Independence.— We have been receiving quite a num- 
ber of letters lately from Brethren in the east inquiring 
about our country. We are glad to notice they are will- 
ing to come where there are a few members and help 
build up a church. Hope a consecrated minister will 
come also and help us. — Dessa Kreps. Independence. 
Oregon, Jan. 8. 

Mohawk Valley.— We held our quarterly council Dec. 
27. Everything passed off pleasantly. We organized our 
Sunday school for the first of the year. Bro. T. J. Miller 
is our superintendent; Sister Sarah Bricker assistant. — 
Maria L. Workman, Mabel. Oregon. Jan. 5. 


Ephrata. — Our series of meetings, conducted by Eld. 
J._M. Mohler. of Lewistown, Pa., closed Jan. 4. He was 
with us nearly three weeks. We had very interesting 
meetings and a large attendance. The church was en- 
couraged. — Nora V. Kilhefner. Ephrata. Pa.. Jan. 5, 

Harrisburg church met in council last evening with 
Eld. S. R. Zug presiding. Much 'business was disposed ot 
harmoniously. Important steps were taken with refer- 
ence to building a new church. A building committee of 
three was elected. The building treasurer reported hav- 
ing received liberal contributions from a number of the 

January 24, 1903 


churches of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The 

preliminary work of the new building is being pushed 
as rapidly as possible.— J. C. Eshelman, 340 S. 14th St.. 
Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 17. 

Indian Creek church met in council Dec. 27. On ac- 
count of the weather being inclement, the attendance was 
small. Never before in my recollection have we had 
such a pleasant meeting. Three letters were granted. We 
decided to hold a series of meetings beginning abnnt Feb. 
7. — R. A. Nedrow, Jones Mills, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Lancaster City church held their quarterly meeting Jan. 
14. Many matters came up for consideration. Bro David 
Weaver was elected to the ministry to assist our pastor 
J. W. Myer. Elders I. W. Taylor, S. R. Zug, H. E. 
Light and H. Groff were present. — Emma C. E. Landes. 
2ig Cottage Ave., Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 15. 

Licking Creek. — I began a series of meetings with the 
Brethren of the Licking Creek church at the Pleasant 
Ridge house Jan. 4, closed Jan. 13: held fourteen meet- 
ings. Six were added by baptism, all heads of families 
but one. Here I found earnest brethren and sisters, soma 
sisters walking three miles to attend church.— L. F. Hot- 
singer, New Enterprise, Pa., Jan, 16. 

Lindsey.— Jan. 2 Eld. D. S. Clapper, of Everett, Pa., 
came to us and preached for us in the east end of Punx- 
sutawney. He labored for the Master till Jan. n. Part 
of us have been here for twelve or more years without 
any preaching until last spring. In March, 1902, Bro. Clap- 
per preached two weeks for us, and during that time one 
sister was anointed and one brother made application to 
be restored to the church. We can hardly express- how 
glad we are that he came among us. We have been 
much built up and encouraged. Pay us visits at your con- 
venience. We have no meetinghouse of our own, but 
we will open our houses for public preaching. In a few 
hours' notice we can have a little congregation gathered 
up. — David Coble, Lindsey, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Lost Creek. — Bro. Chas. Bonsack, of Maryland, came 
to this church Dec. 27 and commenced a series of 
meetings. He continued' till Jan. 11, preaching nineteen 
soul-cheering sermons. Three precious souls came out 
on the Lord's side. Jan. 1 we held our council meeting, 
with our elder, Andrew Bashor, presiding. Among the 
business disposed of was the election of Sunday-school 
superintendents. Bro. John Carney was elected. A re- 
port of our local mission board was made. Bro. Bonsack 
and wife being with us, the brother gave us a few words 
of encouragement. The council was well attended. — J. 
B. Frey, East Salem, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Reading. — The quarterly council meeting was held Jan. 
12. A committee was appointed to secure the new Hym- 
nals for our church services. Our financial secretary 
and also the secretary of the Sisters' Aid Society read 
very favorable reports. The report of the numerical 
strength of our church is as follows : number of mem- 
bers, Jan. 1, 1902, 47; number of certificates re- 
ceived during the year, 15; number baptized, eight; 
number of deaths, 1; disowned, 1; certificates granted, 5; 
number of members Jan. 12, 1903, 63; net gain during 
year, r6. — Jesse Ziegler, 531 Robeson St., Reading, Pa. 

Ridge congregation composes a small band of workers 
in unity and love. We have been benefited and inspired 
by the earnest labors of Bro. G. G. Lehmer, of Mechan- 
icsburg. We had an interesting meeting of two weeks. 
We had an impressive meeting Jan. 4. After services 
three dear souls were baptized; another brother has been 
reclaimed. — Nannie Burkhart, Shippensburg, Pa., Jan. 12. 

Springville. — An interesting singing class of seventy- 
seven members closed last night. They were taught by 
Bro. Wm. N. Zeobler, of East Petersburg, Pa. The at- 
tendance was good. Many took interest as visitors. The 
class will be re-opened again Jan. 21 by Bro. John W. 
Schlosser, as Bro. Zeobler's services could no longer be 
had.— Aaron R. Gibbel, Epbrata, Pa., R. F. D. No. I, 
Jan. 15. 


Daleville.— The young men's dormitory of the Bote- 
tourt Normal College was destroyed by fire on Friday 
afternoon, Jan. g. Arrangements have been made to room 
the young men in the homes of the citizens of the village. 
An effort will be made to erect a larger and better 
building than the one thai was burned. — J. W. Eikenberry, 
Daleville,, Va., Jan. 12. 

Manassjas. — We held our Christmas services at the 
Canon Branch house. Bro. W. K. Conner, of Bridgewa- 
ter, Va., preached for us. Bro. Conner was visiting rela- 
tives and friends at this place. He also preached for 
us on the last Sunday of the year at the Bradley house. 
Jan. 3 we held our council. The regular officers were 
elected for the year. The church decided to organize the 
northern part of her territory, lying in Fairfax County, 
into a new congregation.— E. E. Blough. Manassas. Va., 
Jan. 16. 

Pleasant Valley congregation met in public council Dec. 
31. There was but little business before the meeting, ex- 
cept settling up finances for the past year, which was done 
in a satisfactory way. — S. A. Driver, Weyers Cave, Va., 
Jan. 1. 

Troutville.— Jan. 9 the boys' dormitory of Daleville 
College was consumed by fire. This building was built 
by Bro. I. N. H. Beahm about, eleven years ago and has 
grown to be a large school. By great exertions from 
students and others the houses of brethren Gilbert and 
Ellers were saved. They both vacated their houses to 
make room for some of the boys. Saturday the trustees 
met and agreed to try to erect another building. Solic- 
itors were appointed to raise funds, and we trust by next 
fall Daleville will have ample room for all that want to 
come. The school will go on as usual. — S. L. Shaver, 
Troutville, Va., Jan. 12. 

Sunnyside.— Eld. J. Harman Stoner, of Waverly, Wash., 
is booked for a series of meetings at Sunnyside, Wash., 
beginning Jan. 31. Any brethren passing, make it suit to 
attend these meetings. — C. A. Williams, Sunnyside. Wash., 
Jan. 12. 

Mt. Union church met in council Jan. 6, with Eld. Jas- 
per Barnthouse presiding, to look after the necessity of 

the church for the coming year and settle up expenses 
Of the past year. Peace and union prevailed. Two so- 
licitors were appointed for ihe church. We decided to 
hold two series of meetings in this congregation this year; 
one at this place, which will begin Sept. 26; one at Har- 
mony Grove later. Wc decided to hold our love feast 
Oct. 8. One letter of membership was granted. A com- 
mittee was appointed to rent a place for a minister 
Should they be successful Bro. Obed Hamstead. who has 
been preaching for us for some time past, will then move 
among us. Brethren J. A. Glick and V. C. Finnell, of 
Umonlown. Pa., were present. Bro. J. A. Glick preached 
two very instructive sermons. We rc-nrganized our Sun- 
day school yesterday. Brethren Francis Hamilton and 
Jeremiah Pitcher were elected superintendents. A free- 
will offering was taken at the council which amounted to 
$47.— L. A. Pugh, Easton, W. Va., Jan. 12, 

Union Chapel.— The meeting closed at the above place. 
Jan. 6 with excellent interest. Five were baptized. This 
point is in the Tearcoat congregation, but the appoint- 
ments are filled by ministers from both the Tearcoat and 
Bean Settlement congregations. The brethren here arc 
earnest and zealous and know how to hold up the hands 
of the minister.— Emra T. Fike, Eglon. W. Va., Ian. 9. 


Chippewa Valley.— Our series of meetings, which com- 
menced on New Year's evening, conducted by our elder, 
H. C. Baker, is well attended with good interest, One 
applicant for baptism. On account of the death of our 
dear old Bro. Joyce in the Barron church, our meetings 
will have to stop for a few days, as our elder was called 
to preach his funeral. On his return home the meetings 
will be continued indefinitely.— H. J. Cripe, Mondovi, 
Wis., Jan. 14. 


' Write what thou scest, and send it unto the churches. ' 



Daniel Zook was born in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, 
Feb. 6, 1824; moved to Indiana when quite young, and was 
married to Margaret Hardman Nov. 17, 1844. 

Bro. Zook united with the Brethren church about the 
year 1845 and lived a faithful Christian life until death. 
He served the church acceptably in all her official capac- 
ities, and spent many days preaching in the Southern Dis- 
trict of Iowa and parts of Missouri. 

Deceased was married a second time to Sarah Fillmore 
in 1894, who survives him. Although he was childless, he 
was a father to all, and his fatherly advice will be remem- 
bered by many who knew him. 

He died of paralysis at his home near Birmingham, 
Iowa, Jan. 9, 1903, aged 78 years, n months and 3 days. 
Thus ended the life of a loving husband arid a noble 
Christian. Funeral services conducted by the writer from 
Phil. 1:21. E. G. Rodabaugh. 

Libertyville, Iowa. 



Recently I was talking with an intelligent Catholic lady 
about thirty-five years of age, and I expressed a desire to 
examine a Catholic Bible that I might compare the text 
with our own. She answered that she had one and would 
gladly lend it to me. I called later and was handed a 
Catholic work entitled. "The True Church of Christ." 
I expressed my surprise and said, "This is not the Bible." 
She answered that it certainly was, and upon inquiry I 
found that although she had been a Catholic from infancy 
she had never seen a Bible, to know what it really was, 
and had never read a single verse from the blessed Book. 
With such a condition in this land of freedom, what must 
be the awful condition of those poor, deluded people in 
other lands? 

Can "a church which makes and fosters such conditions 
be the "true church" or has the "candlestick" been re- 
moved? Rev. 2: 5. Brethren, these people need the 
Gospel as much as the heathen, for they are following the 
doctrine of men to their own destruction. 

J. Overholtzer. 

Colton, Cal. 

[The above shows what is possible and perhaps more 
common than we think; but we must not conclude from it 
that the Catholic Bible (the Douay version) is unknown 
to the laymembers, for that would be incorrect. — Ed.] 


— As we review the past year's work, we rejoice in the 
fact that the Lord has been with us. 

— Our hearts are greatly comforted to see our " little 
flock " grow in grace and in the knowledge of the truth 
as it is in Jesus. However, we are daily driven to much 
prayer because of the coldness and indifference of the 
people in general towards the whole Gospel. Yet we are 
consoled, knowing that in due time the sinful hearts of 
many will yield to the Holy Spirit in answer to prayer 
and faithful teaching of the Word. 

—Steadfast purpose is necessary in order to make the 
most of our opportunities. Hence with glad hearts we 
enter upon the new year's work, rejoicing in God, who is 

people, as 

ever the same toward the poor, needy sinner, as when he 
first sent Jesus to bless sinners in turning them away 
from their sins. Acts 3: 26. 

—Let us pray for a " tidal wave of salvation." May 
this be a great year, because many will have turned to 
the Lord for salvation. The co 
Christ's day, hear us gladly. 

—Through the kindness of a number, who are praying 
for 11, and sending us helpful things for our work, we 
were made able to make life more comfortable for some 
of our poor during the present coal famine. The coal is 
here, but the "greedy rich" hold it for the highest pos- 
sible price, and the poor shiver and freeze. We rejoice 
that these rich men can't corner the Gospel. James 2: 
5 i- very comforting at these limes. How glad we are 
that "God hath chosen the poor of this world, rich in 
faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised 
in them that love him," 

Donations for the "coal fund for the poor" have 
been received from Pennsylvania as follows: Brandt Sun- 
day school, Mary A. Kinzcy. Amanda R. Cassel. J. E. 
Van Voorhis and others. 

—Several boxes of clothing came from Maryland and 

Minnesota, All such help we appreciate very much. 

J. K. Miller. 
U/7 3"I Ave, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


So sang the angels; why not we? All heaven was ju- 
bilant over the little babe, wrapped in swaddling clothes, 
lying in a manger. Wonderful Child, with a wonderful 
purpose, and a wonderful consummation! Isa. 9; 6. Let 

us draw nigh and look at this wonder through Luke 
24: 27. 

What is Christ's relation to the law of Moses, and the 
prophets, and all the Scriptures? And what is our rela- 
tion to the law through faith in Christ? This is the 
great basic truth which lies at the root of the scheme of 
redemption. To explain this is to unlock the whole Gos- 
pel. The righteousness of the law, and the righteousness 
of God, and the righteousness Christ gives us, is the same. 
Rom, 5: 20, 21; Rom. 8; 3, 4; 2 Cor. 5: 21. This is well 
worth studying, for without this there is no salvation. 
Ignore this unity, and we convert the angels' song into 

Thou shall call his name JESUS; for he shall save his 
people from their sins. Mutt. 1: 21. The angel gave him 
his name before he was conceived. No sooner was he 
born than he was called according to the divine behest. 
But he did not reach the highest significance of his 
glorious name till it culminated 111 Philpp. 2: 9, 10, 11. 
Jesus not only grew from childhood to manhood, but 
he advanced from slage tu stage in the accomplishment 
of his mission He could not save us as a babe. He 
could not save us as a preacher of righteousness and 
worker of miracles. He could not save us on the cross, 
or in the grave. But he saved us by his entire incar- 
nate history,— from Luke 1: 35 to Heb. 1: 3. Without 
Ins incarnation there could have been no atonement, no 
conquest of death, no resumption of his primeval majesty 
and glory. O what a wunderful Jesus: very God in the 

" In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was 
God, and the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us." 
John 1; i, 14. "Without controversy, great is the mys- 
tery." 1 Tim. 3; 10. Too hard lo understand, but not 
loo hard to believe. This pure, spotless, exalted, beau- 
tiful life of Jesus was a perfectly human life, pervaded 
in every atom and faculty by God. Here is our exemplar. 
As he lived, so must we. " If any man have not the 
Spirit of Christ, he is none of his." Rom. 8: 9. This is 
holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord. 
Heb. 12; 14. Some stigmatize this as fanaticism; but, 
blessed be God, it has its root and fruition in Jesus. To 
he always in fellowship witli the Father and with his 
Son Jesus Christ is to he transformed into the same 
image from glory lo glory. 1 John 1: 3; 2 Cor. 3: 18.. 

Should not such "good tidings of great joy" fire 
every reader of the Bible with enthusiasm and adora- 
tion and impel him lo a life of willing sacrifice for the 
salvation of souls? " Great joy." What joy? Christ ex- 
plains it in John 15: II. "Joy unspeakable and full of 
glory." 1 Peter i: 8. Who can measure tly; joy of the 
God-man? Is not this "good tidings?" Are our eyes 
open to see it, our hearts open to receive it? If the 
angels are so happy over it, are we dull and indifferent? 
Alas, how many, even in the church, enjoy a Christmas 
turkey better than a prayer meeting. Let us continue the 
angelic anthem with heart and lips and life, so that the 
world may see the reality of God manifest in the flesh. 

till, the glory of Christianity! Oh. the blessedness of 
salvation! Let us study our Bibles at the feet of Je- 
sus, and there will be more holiness and peace, more 
unity of faith and endeavor among God's people. Then 
shall Jesus see of the travail of his soul and shall be 
satisfied. Isa. 53: 11. C. H. Balsbaugh. 

Union Deposit, Pa. 



January 24. 1903 


" Write \vri*t thou seest, and send it unto the churches. ' 


The Sunday School Meeting was held in the Baugo 
church, in Wakarusa, Dec. 25. The day was very cold and 
stormy, yet beyond our expectations the house was well 

The severity of the weather caused many of those who 
had subjects assigned to be absent, but the audience 
showed their interest to those who voluntarily took up 
the subjects. 

1. Address of welcome by H. M. Schwalm. A hearty 
welcome was given to all. 

2. Response by Anna Hess. Each one responsible and 
our best efforts required to have a successful meeting. 

Then followed the regular program and a number of 
topics were discussed in a very interesting way. 

The following resolution passed the meeting: 

Resolved, That we, the S. S. meeting at Wakarusa, as- 
sembled Dec. 25, 1902, ask District Meeting, through 
Baugo church, to reconsider the time of holding our Sun- 
day School' Meeting. 

The members of the Wakarusa church deserve credit 
for the Christian hospitality shown in the way of enter- 
taining strangers. Amanda Miller. 

Goshen. Ind., Jan. 12. 


After a vacation of three weeks, we are again in the 
field. In looking over last year's work I find I have spent 
three hundred and fifteen days in the field and delivered 
three hundred and seventy-two sermons. During all this 
lime I have been blessed with good health. 

I am now laboring with the Maple Grove church, Wis- 
consin. Will spend two weeks with this church. Jan. 31 
I expect to go to the Barron church to hold a series of 
meetings. I visit fifteen different points in the northern 
field. I am sometimes asked where I put in all my time 
in the north. I would say. Come and see. Some of the 
most isolated members only get to attend meeting two or 
three times a year. I find as a rule the Wisconsin people 
are good listeners, and we usually have good congrega- 

We have a number of places here where there are mem- 
bers living, and no resident minister. So come over into 
Macedonia and help us. People who have no homes can 
find homes here where the soil is fertile, water is good and 
the climate healthy. 

I am now starting out in the new year to work in the 
Master's cause. We find plenty to do everywhere. We 
will visit as many of the mission points as we can be- 
tween now and the first of April; so the people may keep 
themselves in readiness. We have a few applicants in the 
field awaiting baptism. It never gets too cold in the 
north. I have baptized when it was thirty below zero. 
Brethren, pray for the success of the work everywhere. 

C. P. Rowland. 
Stanley, Wis., Jan. 15. 


Bro. Brumbaugh is much pleased with the Missionary 
Visitor. He says: 

I wish it could go into every home in our Brotherhood. 
It will give our people higher ideals of the church's mis- 
sion in the world. It is brimful of matter that is in- 
structive, interesting and helpful. When I read it I am 
encouraged and inspired. 

I notice our young men and women are taking hold 
of the work in earnest. In this I rejoice greatly. I am 
optimistic. I believe the church in the near future will 
be much better than it is to-day. There will be more 
true piety and consecration and less selfishnessj the mis- 
sion and educational work will be better supported; there 
will be a higher regard for the truth and a greater desire 
to know it; there will be a more intelligent interpretation 
of the Bible; our people will partake more of its spirit 
and life, and the church will become more like the apos- 
tolic church— its influence will spread abroad everywhere. 
Sin will take new forms and become more rampant, but 
truth will shine the brighter and will go on to victory. 
If the truth. will transform the church, and give it added 
power, who will say nay? God grant it. is the prayer of 
every lover of the truth. 

In the college the mission spirit is strong. There are 
between fifty and sixty engaged in mission study. Then, 
too, a number are willing to go to the foreign field when 
they are prepared, and when the Lord opens the way 
The church and school will be ready to send one next 
year. This session is one among the largest, and our 
prayer is that the Holy Spirit may come to us in power. 
The Lord has been with us in our work in the past not 
because we have been so good, but because we trusted 
him, and tried to do right. 

On last Monday evening, Jan. S , we held our monthly 

church meeting. There was but little business for the 
meeting, and when an opportunity was given to present 
any topics that might be for the good of the church, the 
subject of proper church decorum was presented and very 
kindly and profitably discussed. We shall all try to be 
more reverent in the house of God. These monthly 
church meetings are pleasant and helpful. It is a genuine 
pleasure, when love prevails in the family of God, to get 
together and talk familiarly of those things that will make 
it richer in grace, and a greater power for good. 

J. B. Brumbaugh. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 


The " Last Appeal " in regard to the Old Folks' Home 
for Southern District of Illinois stirred up our good 
Brethren, so that the committee declared the $10,000 asked 
for pledged, and solicitors are requested to collect all 
amounts due on pledges, and especially all of small 
pledges, so that the committeeman put money on interest, 
not so provided for at present, until next District Meeting. 
Any other money solicited at present to be sent to Cyrus 
Bucher, Astoria, 111. Committee feel grateful to all do- 
nors, and the blessings of a future unfortunate people 
may be theirs when their life's work is done. 

The committee is now ready to receive tangible prop- 
ositions for a building site to report to next District Meet- 
ing. Conditions: Somewhat centrally located, good wa- 
ter, fuel and other conveniences; and as passed by Dis- 
trict Meeting of 1901, in the limits of a congregation who 
has made up its necessary proportion of about $10,000. 

Since the present amount was. considered too small to 
make it self-supporting for the poor, we earnestly solicit 
such members as have plenty of this world's goods to 
remember the home which is now assured, and help to 
endow it to make it self-supporting, and may the blessings 
of a kind Father rest on you, as also the praise of a 
less fortunate people among us, and of future generations. 
In looking over the pledges we learn that we still have 
among us those that give the widow's mite. Opening a 
letter postmarked Pennsylvania, twenty- five cents were 
found for the home, — the most liberal pledge from such as 
earn it with their own hands. Surely God will bless a 
work of such self-denial. 

Cyras Bucher, in behalf of the present acting committee, 
Cyrus Bucher, Jacob Wyne, S. S. Brubaker. 


By request of the Secretary of the Mission Board of 
the Southern District of Indiana to report our work, I 
write these lines. 

We have a very large territory to work over, con- 
sisting of about sixty counties, in which we have some 
thirty-two local church districts, with a membership of 
a little over twenty-six hundred, who represent less than 
two million dollars. Our receipts for the year ending 
Oct. 1, 1902, were $1,405.70 and our expenditures $942.59. 

We furnish regular preaching services every Sunday 
at Muncie and Indianapolis. And we expect the coming 
year to furnish preaching as often as our means will 
permit at Taylorsville, New Hope, Sampson Hill, Har- 
rison County, and Williamsport. 

We have churchhouses at all these points, except Tay- 
lorsville and Indianapolis. 

A good brother in the northeast part of the District 
writes me that he would gladly be one of fifty to donate 
one hundred dollars or one of twenty-five to donate two 
hundred dollars for a five thousand dollar church property 
in Indianapolis. 

At another point we have a very urgent call for preach- 
ing by a man who has been a regular ordained minister 
in another denomination for forty years, and filled a reg- 
ular pastorate for thirty-one years. He says: " For some 
time I have been strangely drawn towards the Breth- 
ren, and the more so as I have been reading ' The Doc- 
trine of the Brethren Defended.' The views of the Breth- 
ren church as I understand them are the views I have 
held for years." 

Now, in view of the above facts, may the good Lord 
so direct that all the churches who have the ability to 
do so may continue to furnish the board with the neces- 
sary means, and may he give us wisdom and guidance to 
use the money entrusted to us in a way that will be well- 
pleasing and acceptable In his sight, and thereby accom- 
plish the most good! John F. Shoemaker, Dist. Treas. 

Shideler, Ind., Jan. i. 


" What therefor. God hath joined toge ther, let not man put asuoder. " 

BAER-RAYMAN.-Dec. 25, 1902, by the undersigned, 
at the residence of the bride's parents, near Coleman, 
Pa Bro. Henry A. Baer and Sister Ida B. Rayraan, both 
ol Somerset County, Pennsylvania. D. H Walker 

CAMBELL-MAKEMSON/-At the home of the 
brides parents Parsons, Kans., Nov. 10, 1902, John A. 
Cambell and Myrtle L. Makemson, both of Parsons, Kans. 

W. H. Leaman. 

KINGERY— WHITNEY.— At the bride's home, Mad- 
ison, Kans., Dec. 25. 1902, Samuel O. Kingery, of Kings- 
ley, Kans., and Edna Whitney W. H. Leaman. 


" Blessed are the dead which die fn the Lord. " 

BEAMER, Bro. John C, of 213 Lexington Ave., Al- 
toona. Pa., died Dec. 14, 1902, aged 50 years, 9 months and 
2,1 days. Bro. Beamer was a resident of Altoona for twen- 
ty-one years, being employed by the P. R. R. Co. Be- 
sides his wife, Mrs. Ella May Beamer, whom he married 
April 29. 1879, he is survived by four children. Services 
by Eld. J. W. Wilt, from Job 14: 14. Interment in Fair- 
view cemetery. S. N. Brumbaugh. 

BRUBACHER, Bro. Samuel S„ died at Iona, Lebanon 
Co., Pa., Dec. 31, 1902, aged 53 years, 5 months and 22 
days. He was a faithful member of Midway congrega- 
tion, served as assistant superintendent of our Sunday 
school. A widow, one son and two daughters survive 
him. Interment at the Cornwall house, Services by our 
elder, C. Bucher, from Eccl. 9: 10, assisted by Bro. Martin 
Heisey. A. H. Brubacher. 

BURKHOLDER, Kate W„ of Burbank, Cal., died Dec. 
26, 1902, of consumption, aged 49 years, 8 months and 21 
days. She was a native of Shade Gap, Huntingdon Co.. 
Pa. Services conducted by Bro. M. M. Eshelman, as- 
sisted by Bro. S. G. Lehmer, from John 11: 25, 26. 

Clara B. Wolf. 
DOMER, Phebe Jane, wife of Moses Domer, deceased, 
died Dec. 23, 1902, in Yellow Creek church, Ind., aged 
74 years, 2 months and 8 days. Her death was very sud- 
den. She lived a devoted Christian life. She was a mem- 
ber of the Brethren church for over fifty years. Funeral 
services by Isaiah Rairigh, assisted by the writer. 

Hiram Roose. 
DUNNING, Narcice A., died at St. Joseph, Mo, ; -Dec. 
22, 1902, at the home of her son-in-law, Lon Leslie, of ap- 
oplexy, aged 63 years, 9 months and 5 days. Her health 
had not been good for some time. She was brought to 
Jasper County, Missouri, and buried in the Spring River 
graveyard by the side of her husband who preceded her 
eleven years. She was the mother of nine children. 
Eight survive her and nearly all belong to the Brethren 
church. Sister Dunning was a faithful member for twen- 
ty-five years. Services at Spring River church by the 
writer, assisted by Eld. George Barnhart. Text, 2 Tim. 
4- 6-8. __ Christian Holderman. 

GILMER, Sister Nancy, died at the Old Folks' Home 
in the Linville Creek church, Va., Jan. 2, 1903, aged 80 
years, 8 months and 11 days. She was buried at Timber- 
ville cemetery. Funeral services by Bro. John F. Driver 
at the home. Michael Zigler. 

HARNS, Jonathan, died Dec. 21, 1902, in the bounds 
of the Freeburg church, Stark Co., Ohio, aged 85 years, 
11 months and 22 days. He was a consistent member of 
the Brethren church for many years. He was the father 
of seven children, three ef whom, with his companion, 
preceded him to the home beyond some twenty years 
ago. He remained in the old home till he was carried 
to Liberty cemetery. Services by the writer, from Isa. 
38: 1. S. B. Stuckey. 

H0ET2LER, Bro. Levi, of the West Goshen church, 
Ind., died Jan. 9, 1903, aged 83 years, n months and 9 
days. Bro. Hoetzler was born in Pennsylvania, came to 
Ohio with his parents when a child; was married to Sarah 
Plank. To this union were born three boys and three 
girls. He moved from Ohio to Miami County, Indiana, 
near Peru, and from there to Elkhart County, Indiana. 
He has lived on the farm last named nearly thirty-six 
years. His widow and the six children survive him. Eld. 
I. L. Berkey was called to preach the funeral. 

J. H. Miller. 
HOLSINGER, Sister Anna, nee Perry, died near New 
Dale Jan. 3, 1903, in the Linville Creek church, Va., aged 
76 years, 6 months and 14 days. Her husband, John 
Holsinger, preceded her some years. Funeral services by 
Bro. John F. Driver. Michael Zigler. 

HUBBY, Bro. Henry, died at his home in Cairo, Ohio, 
Jan. I, 1903, aged 75 years, 11 months and 27 days. He 
was one of a family of nine children, of whom Susan Wil- 
son alone survives. He was the father of four children, 
all of whom survive him. The funeral services, were held 
at the brick church, conducted by Noah Longanecker, 
from Rev. 21: 7. Interment in the East Nimishillen cem- 
etery. A. J. Carper. 

ICENBICE, Geo. Christian, died at the home of his 
son Charles Jan. 4, 1903, aged 81 years and 23 days. He 
was born in Germany. In 1822 he emigrated with his par- 
ents to America,_ settling on a farm near Johnstown, Pa. 
Later he with his parents moved to Elkhart, Ind. Oct, 
10, 1848, he was united in marriage with Hannah Zook, 
of Elkhart, who died Oct. 29, 1900. To this union there 
were born eleven children, six boys and five girls, all 
living to mourn the loss of a father. In 1854 he came 
West, locating in Jackson County, remaining there until 
May, 1868, when he moved with his family to this place, 
locating on the farm in Iowa County, which place has 
been his home ever since. In 1855 he united with the 
Brethren church, remaining a consistent member until 
removed by death. His last days were days of great 
suffering. G. W. Hopwood. 

KELLER, Sister Mary, widow of George Keller, who 
preceded her sixteen years ago, died Jan. 3, 1903, near 
Ephrata, Pa., in Springville church bounds, aged 77 years, 
1 month and 25 days. One brother, four sons and three 
daughters survive. She was a consistent member for 
about forty-seven years. Services conducted by the Breth- 
rcn - Aaron R. Gibbel. 

KLINE. Bro. M. B. E., died in the Linville Creek 
church, Va., Dec. 28, 1902, aged 76 years, 3 months and 25 
days. Bro. Kline was a member of the church for fifty 
years, and a minister about forty years. He had been in 
feeble health for several years, but was able to visit his 
nearest neighbors. About three or four weeks before his 
death his mind failed to serve him, but he was recovering 
some, and especially the few last days. The family all 
retiring the evening of his death, his wife discovered him 
breathing differently, called her two daughters. When 

January 24, 1903 



they reached the bedside his spirit was gone. For thirty 
years Bro. Kline has lived on and owned the farm on 
which Eld. John Kiine lived at the time of his death. He 
traveled much in the mountainous mission district of his 
home church. He probably performed more marriage cer- 
emonies than any other minister of the Brethren church 
in the Valley of Virginia. He leaves an aged companion, 
four sons and two daughters. He was buried in the cem- 
etery which adjoins his farm. Services by Eld. J. A. 
Garber, assisted by Eld. D. Hays. Michael Zigler. 

KNEISLEY, Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of L. F. and 
Lydia Yost, died Jan. 10, 1903, aged 35 years, 7 months 
and 18 days. Deceased was born near Dayton, Ohio, 
where she lived most of her life. June 8, 1899. she was 
married to Daniel W. Kneisley, since which time she has 
lived in Dayton. At the age of fifteen she gave herself 
to God and united with the Brethren church, in which 
she has lived an exemplary, active Christian life. She was 
in the last weeks of her life severely afflicted. She called 
for the elders of the church and was anointed. Funeral 
services by the writer, assisted by brethren Beeghly and 
Eby, from Philpp. 1: 21-24. Interment in Bear Creek 
cemetery. Chas. A. Bame. 

MILLER. Ora, died in the bounds of the East Nimishil- 
len congregation, Ohio, Dec. 30, 1902, aged 34 years, 2 
months and 23 days. He was married to. Jennie Bowers 
March 7, 1892. This union was blessed with five chil- 
dren, 'all of whom with their mother are left to mourn 
their loss. Friend Ora met death suddenly and without 
a moment's warning. While in the woods cutting down 
trees a limb fell on him, killing him instantly. The funeral 
services were held at the brick church, conducted by 
brethren Noah Longanecker and C. F. Kinsley, from 1 
Cor. 13: 12. Interment in the East Nimishillen cemetery. 

A. J. Carper. 
ROYLE, Ethel L., died in the Arcadia church, Nebr., 
of consumption, Jan. 1, 1903, aged 24 years, 7 months 
and 13 days. She was the oldest daughter of Bro. N. W. 
Barr, and was born in Butler County, Iowa. She was 
married to Bro. Alfred Royle Nov" 23, 1896, and united 
with the Brethren at Arcadia, Nebr., in April of the same 
year. She lived a faithful sister til! death. Funeral serv- 
ices were conducted at Yale Jan. 4 by the brethren. Text, 
I Thess. 4: 15-18. S. M. Forney. 

SANGER, Ira G., son of Brother J. F. and Sister Han- 
nah E. Sanger, of the Chestr-it Grove congregation, 
Fayette, County, West Virginia, V diabetes, died Dec. 14, 
1902, aged 25 years, 7 months and 1.4 days, after an illness 
of three years. He had been a faithful member of the 
Brethren church for six years; was anointed a short time 
before his departure. He leaves a father, mother, five 
sisters and two brothers. Interment in the family grave- 
yard. Services by Eld. S. N. Riner. 

Minnie B. S. Rodes. 
SHELTON, Sister Rachel, died in the Iowa River 
church Dec. 27, 1902, aged 76 years and 11 months. She 
was taken to the Singleton hospital in Marshalltown three 
weeks prior to her death. She had an operation from 
which she rallied. Dec. 26 she took a severe attack of 
gallstones. Her suffering was great. Sister Shelton was 
born in Hanover, Germany. Her maiden name was Sauer- 
man. She came with her parents to this country at the 
age of nine years. In 1846 she was married to James 
William Shelton. Her husband was killed in the battle 
of Richmond, Va., April 2, 1865. She leaves six children 
to mourn their loss, three sons and three daughters. 

Ellen Hillary Nicholson. 
SHUMAKER, Orval, son of T. L. and Ella Shumaker, 
died in the Chestnut Grove congregation, W. Va., Dec. 
27, 1902, of typhoid fever, after an illness of a few weeks, 
aged about ten years. Little Orval was a bright Sunday- 
school scholar. Interment in the Pleasant View ceme- 
tery. Minnie B. S. Rodes. 

SOLLENBERGER, Bro. Samuel, died at the home of 
his son Henry, near Clearvilie, in the bounds of the 
Snake Spring church, Bedford Co., Pa., Nov. 1, 1902, aged 
83 years, 2 months and 5 days. He was a faithful mem- 
ber of the Brethren church for many years. He was the 
father of ten children. His aged companion and five chil 
dren still survive. Services by Eld. William S. Ritchey 
and Bro. S. Harshbarger. Interment in the Cherry Lane 
cemetery. Nancy Sollenberger. 

TERWILLEGER, Sister Lavina, wife of Bro. J. H. 
Terwilleger, died at her home in the bounds of the Al- 
tamont church, near Cherryvale, Kans., Oct. 3, 1902, aged 
59 years, 1 month and 22 days. She was born in Pen- 
dleton County, West Virginia. She was the youngest 
child of John and Phebe Haigler. She was married in 
1865 to D. C. Smith. He died in 1871, leaving her with 
one little girl. She came to Kansas with her father in 
1873; was married to Bro. J. H. Terwilleger in 1877. To 
this union was born one girl, who preceded her mother 
to the spirit world seven years. Sister Terwilleger was a 
member of the Brethren church about thirty-five years. 
Funeral services conducted by the writer, from Rev. 14: 
13, assisted by Bro. Ikenberry. S. E. Thompson. 

TUTTLE, Bro. J. Alva, died of consumption in the 
Glendora congregation, Cal., Dec. 15, 1902, aged 25 years, 
5 months and 20 days. He was married to Sister Emma 
/Sink Dec. 29, 1898. He united with the church April 24, 
f 1902. His suffering was great. He was anointed. He 
leaves a wife, father, mother and four sisters. The re- 
mains were brought to Mt. Etna, Iowa, for burial. Serv- 
ices were held in the Mt. Etna church. Mamie Sink. 

ULERY, Joseph, died Jan. 8, 1903, aged 89 years and 13 
days. He was born in Montgomery County, Ohio; mar- 
ried Elizabeth Swihart Aug. 9, 1838. They united with the 
Brethren church in the year of 1842, and he was elected 
to the office of deacon in i860. They moved to Indiana 
in August, 1844, and lived on the same farm until called 
away by death. They lived together sixty-four years and 
six months. To this union were born four sons and one 
daughter. One son preceded him. Funeral services at 
Eel River house. Interment in Eel River graveyard. 
Services by Bro. Daniel Wysong, assisted by the brethren, 
from 2 Tim. 4: 7. Tuda Haines. 

VARNER, Bro. Hamilton, of Luray, Va., died Dec. 24, 
1902, aged 87 years and 18 days. Bro. Varner was born 
and raised and lived in the beautiful Hawksville Valley. 
He was a member of the Brethren church for over fifty 
years, and a deacon nearly as long. He was a pillar in 
the Mt. Zion church, Page Co., Va., for one half a cen- 

tury. He was largely instrumental in building the Mt. 
Zion church. He never tired in the Lord's work and 
never gave up until forced by infirmities of old age. He 
leaves an aged sister and ten children. He was buried 
in the Mt. Zion church cemetery. Funeral by Eld. Roth- 
geb. Walter Strickler. 

WARREN, Bro. James Monroe, died Jan. 3, 1903 of ap- 
oplexy, aged 51 years and 5 days. He was married to 
Almira Garber July 3, 1871. To this union were born 
two sons and three daughters; of these one son and two 
daughters preceded him. Bro. Warren has been a member 
of the Brethren church for about twenty-five years, and 
a deacon nine years. He with his brother and their com 
pan ions had gone to Knoxville, Tenn., for the winter, 
at which place he suddenly died while walking on the 
street. Funeral services at Beavcrdam Brethren church, 
where he resided, by Bro. Alexander Miller, of Nappance, 
assisted by Bro. Geo. Swihart, of Roann, from Job 14: 14. 
Interment at Nichol's cemetery. E. C. Swihart. 

WENGER. Martin L., died Dec. 29, 1902, of general 
debility, aged 82 years, 6 months and 13 days. He was 
born in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, and came to St. 
Joseph County, Indiana, in 1841. He was married to 
Christiana Studebaker in 1S45. Two children survive him; 
Marietta, wife of Eld. H. W. Kreighbaum, and Christian 
M. Wenger. He united with the Brethren church in 1856, 
and was elected to the office of deacon in 1857. He was 
prosperous in business, and gave for many charitable pur- 
poses. He and his wife attended nearly every Annual 
Conference and were well known in the Brotherhood. 
He managed his affairs with his characteristic vigor to 
the end, choosing his ministers and funeral text, 2 Tim. 
4: 7. Services by the writer, assisted by S. F. Sanger 
and E. C. Miller. G. D. Zollers. 

WESNER, Susannah R., died in Big Creek church, III., 
Jan. 10, 1903, aged 59 years. 9 months and 27 days. She 
was the mother of eleven children, five of whom died in 
their infancy. Father and six children are left to mourn. 
Funeral by N. S. Dale, Rev. 14: 13. J. N. Forney. 



Is a new book that we have just published. The au- 
thor. Sister Elizabeth D. Roscnberger, needs no introduc- 
tion to the readers of the Messenger. Her new book is 
a collection of Bible stories beginning with Adam and Eve 
in the Garden of Eden. 

She represents Aunt Dorothy as gathering four or five 
young people around her in the evenings, and telling these 
Bible stories in a way that makes them seem real and 
interesting. Hagar and Ishmael, Isaac and Rebekah live 
again in these pages. These stories will lead our young 
people to love and study the Bible. The book is beau- 
tifully illustrated and will make a, rare gift for your boy 
or girl. 

Artistic cover design. Price, 35 cents. Address all or- 
ders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Brethren's Almanac for 1903 


The Cry of the TwoThirds. 
+ * + 

A Great Story with a Great Purpose 
+ + + 

A book lor every family. As fascinating as It is powerlul. It will bo 
read and re-read, and shape character and conduct lor life. Young men and 
young women read It. It contains 678 pages, clear type, laid paper, elegant- 
ly bound In handsome cloth, only I1.50. 

Send all orders to 

Elgin Illinois, 

New Subscription Offer. 

To every new subscriber who will remit to us $1.50, the 
price of one year's subscription to the Gospel Messenger, 
we will send: 

FREE. — All the issues of the Gospel Messenger for the 
remainder of this year. 

FREE.— The Brethren Family Almanac for 19.03, an al- 
manac that "has long been a household companion through- 
out the Brotherhood. 

Present Subscribers Remember that the Almanac for 
1903 will be sent Free only to those whose subscription 
price is paid beyond March, 1903. Hence if you have not 
already renewed for the coming year, do so at once, and 
we will mail you an Almanac free. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Direct Steamship Service to Manila 

The Pacific Steamship Lines Inaugurate Direct Sailings 
from San Francisco. 

No Longer Necessary to Reach the Philippines via 
Hong Kong. 

The Chicago & North-Western Railway announces that 
in connection with the daily trans-continental train serv- 
ice, via that line from Chicago to San Francisco, the steam- 
ship lines from the latter port have inaugurated, direct sail- 
ings from San Francisco to Manila, additional to the serv- 
ice via Nagasaki and Hong Kong. Some of the finest steam- 
ships in the Pacific are being used for tht6 new direct serv- 
ice. As an indication of the rapid development of Ameri- 
can interests in the far east, this fact will be of moment 
to all Americans. Ships via this direct route will leave San 
Francisco every month until further notice, and the sail- 
ing time to Manila will be about 28 days. 

The growth of the Trans-Pacific trade in the past three 
or four years has been nothing short of marvelous, both 
as to freight and as to passenger traffic. Many tourists 
now travel to Europe via San Francisco instead of taking 
the Atlantic liners from New York. The Overland Lim- 
ited via the North-Western and Union Pacific roads across 
the American continent and new express train service of 
the most palatial sort known to Europe on the Trans- 
Siberian road, invite the tourist to try a new journey 
through the most wonderful scenes the world affords. 

There arc a number yet who have not renewed their 
subscription to the Gospel Messenger for 1903, and of 
course an Almanac will not be mailed until their renewal 
is received. 

Please remember this and get your subscription in as 
soon as possible if you want the Almanac for this year 

Elgin, Illinois. 

A Modern Allegory 

Mr.World and 
Miss Church» 
Member* * 

that fills a pressing 
need in this period of 
worldly tendencies 
among Christian peo- 

It is a book that 
vividly illustratea the 
danger of yielding to 
the temptations that 
beset our young peo- 
ple on every hand. 
Fathers and mothers, 
it is your duty to set 
your children to think- 
ing along these lines, 
and this book will 
leave a lasting ( im- 
pression forgood upon 

Cloth, Postpaid, 
Only $1.00. 

Address all orders to 


Elgin, Illinois 

Sunday School Teachers 


Are you interested in Sunday school work? If 
you are you will want the best help possible. 

The Brethren 

Sunday School 


Is just ihe thing to give you an insight to the lesson, so that 
you may be able to present the truth in an intelligent manner 
and with all the force possible. 

No teacher should go before his class without the les- 
son fully at his command and 

No Better Help Can Be Found 

than our Commentary. It contains 282 pages, including 
the Dictionary and Inserts, which are more fully de- 
scribed in the New Catalogue, a copy of which will 'be 
mailed free to any address. 

Price, cloth-bound, 80c. Address, 

Elgin, IlL 

6 4 


January 24, 1903 


County Line. — At our council in December it was 
unanimously decided to have Bro. Wm. Guthrie hold a 
series of meetings for us commencing on Christmas day. 
They continued until Jan. u. Excellent interest was 
manifested. The soul-cheering sermons united the church 
more closely in love to our blessed Redeemer. — A. M. 
Baker. Herring. Ohio, Jan. 19. 

Tippecanoe, — Bro. John Mishler, from Eel River church, 
came here Jan. 3, commenced meeting same evening and 
preached eleven disccurses. The meetings were quite 
interesting. One aged man came out on the Lord's side 
and was baptized. — Aaron Swihart, Tippecanoe, Ind., 
Jan. 18. 

Argos. — Bro. E. B. HofT, of Chicago, gave a two weeks' 
course in Bible study in the Walnut church during the 
holidays. Very much interest was manifested by a good- 
ly number of [he members. Wc especially enjoyed his 
talks on Bible Lands, which were given from his own 
observations. — Levi Puterbaugh, Argos, Ind., Jan. 19. 


' Wrii? what thoi 

md It unio the churche; 


— As the cold season approaches we enjoy the increas- 
ing coolness of the atmosphere. Others, however, prefer 
the heat. With the cool season the plague is again re- 
turning to Novsari and surrounding villages. Four and 
live cases are reported some days from Novsari. A few 
cases have occurred in Jalalpor, but they were brought in 
from elsewhere. 

— The lower caste village people are anxious for schools 
for their children. They are allowed to attend some of 
[he schools, but are required to sit on the verandah apart 
from the other children. To this many object, and prefer 
10 have schools of their' own where they can have the 
advantages of other children. This awful curse of caste! 
When will it be put down? A short time ago the car- 
penter, who has been teaching our boys carpentry for a 
year or more, became dissatisfied because he had to work 
where some of the children come and go, their parents 
having been of low caste. He wanted a house built off 
some distance from the other houses for a shop. I said: 
" You have worked here for a whole year or more, and 
why should you object to it now? If the present arrange- 
ment does not suit you, you are at liberty to go and I will 
call another carpenter." I said we would build no other 
house to satisfy such superstitious ideas. But the same 
carpenter still ._ )mes. 

— The other stations have night schools. At Jalalpor 
we have a midday school. The boys who do other work 
during regular school hours, except a few, have the priv- 
ilege of the midday school. Those also who are weak in 
some branches have a chance to catch up. About sixteen 
are in attendance. Some of the more eager ones devote 
much time to their studies at night. 

—The last week in November was devoted to giving 
special instructions to those who were asking for baptism. 
Accordingly the last Sunday of the month seventeen of 
the boys and four older persons, twenty-one in all, were 

— In one week is Christmas. May it bring some of the 
joy of the first Christmas to earth and may the new year 
be marked with still greater progress for the church mili- 
tant is our prayer. D. L. Forney. 

Jalapor, India. Dec. 18. • 

Our Book and Bible Catalogue 

FOR 1903 

t^"nJ e A S d e dres 8 Free Upon Request. 

It contains many handsome cuts of books and Bibles 
and gives full descriptions and prices of same. It is the 
largest and most complete catalogue ever issued by the 
House. Order one to-day. A postal card will bring it 
to you. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 


lhe most complete thing of the kind on the market. It Is entirely new 
!!™™J';S°.' ,p '° b i" ,t 'J™' c »°'» i »'ni! «o pages. Each page's so 
arranged that a record can be easily kept. This little book rilled St would 
be Invaluable to any family. 

There are pages lor a complete history ot the family on both sides. 
B mS*ii. k f !" " S' e " | -8'» I 'dparents. When you examine with what 
skill the book is arranged you will appreciate It. 

Bound In Strong Cloth, Red Edge., Aluminum Stamp on Side »j.oo 

Bound In Fu Leather Buffing, Gold Edge. «nd Gold Stamp 

Bound in Full Genuine Morocco. Gold Edges and Gold Stamp (4.50 


By Eld. D. L. Miller. 

Is Having a Remarkable Sale! 

First Edition Exhausted. 

Agents are writing to us every day of their successes. 
Note a few Testimonials: 

" ' The Eternal Verities ' is a marvelous collection of 
historical nuggets testifying to a literal fulfillment of 
prophecy in many ages. From the literal fulfillment of al! 
that was spoken concerning the Christ coming in his hu- 
miliation, and from those prophecies pointing to cities and 
nations and their literal and complete fulfillment, have we 
not the key to unlock the prophecies pointing to Christ's 
second coming? " 

'"Eternal Verities' is a marvelous book. Our young 
ministers should receive a double inspiration from it." 

" (1) By being better qualified to wield the Sword of the 

" (2) To emulate the author by doing and using what is 
at hand to make a stepping-stone for something higher and 

In order to give our readers a better idea of the book, 
we quote the contents: 

Introduction by the author. 

A Brief Historical Sketch of the Old Testament. 

A Historical Sketch of the New Testament. 

The English Bible. 

The Antiquity and Genuineness of the Bible. 

The Word of Prophecy. 

Prophecies Concerning God's Chosen People. 

The Destruction of Jerusalem. 

Babylon the Great City. 

Nineveh and Tyre. 

Prophecies Concerning the Coming of Christ. 

Miracles of the New Testament. 

Resurrection of Jesus Christ. 

The Epiphanies oi Our Risen Lord. 

Jesus of Nazareth the Son of God. 

The Agreement Between the Land and the Book. 


Price, cloth-bound $1.25 

Write to-day for Agents' rates, stating township and 
county in which you wish to canvass. 

Address all orders to 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Inglenook 

. For the coming year will be replete with good 
things, more and better than in the past. There 
will be accounts of travel, original stories, articles 
by experts, and with one and another of the con- 
templated improvements 

The Inglenook 

Will be one of the most entertaining and in- 
structive magazines published anywhere. Its spe- 
cial features will be announced from time to time, 
and every reader will be interested, from the young- 
est to the oldest. What it has been in the" past 
will be improved on in the future. 

The Inglenook 

Costs only a dollar for a full year, and it will 
bring with it either the Inglenook Cook Book, while 
the limited edition lasts, or the Inglenook Doctor 
Book, as the subscriber may select, as a premium. 
The time to subscribe is NOW. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

...India; A Problem... 

«> <s> <s> 

■» «■ <S> 

Is meeting the expectation of the people. Words of 
praise are received every day. No family should be with- 
out it, for it will give you an insight into the work in 
India. Who is not interested in saving the souls of our 
heathen brethren? Who does not want to come in touch 
with the work? If you are interested you will buy this 

Notice what Bro D. L. Miller says: 

" It was my privilege to read the manuscript of Bro. 
Stover's book while he was preparing it for the press. 
I regard it as one of the most valuable additions to the 
literature of the land of idols and idol worshipers that 
has appeared for a long time. It is written in the author's 
crisp, clear, forcible style, in words all may understand. 
There is not a dull line in the book, and the reading is a 
pleasure rather than a task. Seven years' residence in In- 
dit has well qualified the author for the work of telling 
the story of India and its wonders, and he has told it 

" In the rich profusion of illustrations author and pub- 
lishers have left nothing to be desired. The book will 
sell and live, for it is written on a live subject and every 
page is in evidence as to the living personality of the 
author. Every member of the Brethren church should 
have a copy of the book, and it will have a large sale 
outside of the church." 

Agents are being appointed every day. Write for terms 
to agents, giving name of township wanted. 
Price, Cloth, $1.25; Morocco. $2.00. 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Sunday School Commentary.... 






Vest Pocket Edition for 
is Now Ready. 

Just the thing for busy peo- 
ple. Convenient in size, it 
can be carried in pocket or 
hand bag, ready for instant 
and frequent use. A little gi- 
ant of completeness. A real 
helper to the Bible student. 
Send for one to-day. Size, 
2H*5H inches. Red linen, 
embossed and stamped in 
black, 25 cents; red morocco, 
embossed and stamped in 
gold, 35 cents; red morocco, 
interleaved edition, two blank 
pages between each lesson 
for notes, 50 cents. Address: 

Elgin, Illinois. 

Job Printing 

J J If you want your printing neatly done, and in short 
* ' order, send it to the House, and especially your 

District Meeting Minutes. 

By having them all printed at the same place, it will 
- » be done uniformly, which will make it much more con- 
', ', venient for those who keep all the minutes on file. 
', ', Submit your work to us, and we will quote you priceB 
promptly. Address 


Elgin, Illinois. 

■ f . . H < * »* ■ ! ■ frt , . h . * - M ' ** * * ■ **** < H ' * * *** ' ! ■ ' 1-1 ' ' I ' *** *» * 

Ask for Samples.— Sunday schools wanting new supplies 
should ask for samples of our Quarterlies, Sunday-school Papers, 
Cards, and descriptive catalogue before purchasing elsewhere. 

Ronayne's Reminiscences. — By R. Ronayne. A history of 
his life and renunciation of Romanism and Freemasonry. 445 
pages. The author's experience in the Catholic Church, and his 
experience with Freemasonry, are here narrated in an interesting 
manner, and few men have done more in showing up the inside 
of Masonry. Cloth, $1.00. 

Doctrine of the Brethren Defended.— By R. H. Miller. 

An able treatise on the divinity of Christ and the Holy Spirit, Im- 
mersion as the Mode of Baptism, Time Immersion, the Forward 
Action in Baptism, Feet-washing, the Lord's Supper, the Holy 
Kiss, Nonconformity, or Plainness of Dress, and Secret Societies. 
Bound in cloth. 298 pages. Price, 75 cents. 

Elgin, Illinois. 


The Gospel 

IS pnq.i:»l""0 8" 




Vol. 42. 

Elgin, III., January 31, 1903. 

No. 5. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. uncompleted, though his hard service in climate 

Editorial,- has in J ured his health - He feels that his duty is 

The Moral Effect 72 among the people for whom he is working and whose 

One Boy— Two Pictures 72 confidence he has won. He may never have another 

Looking to Jerusalem 7, , , , *. v. 

Bible Institute at Los Angeles, California ...\ 7 % Opportunity to become one of the justices of the SU- 

I Shall Know 73 preme court, and still he is unwilling to leave the post 

Church Going in New York 7.1 r , . , . . ^ 

Annual Meeting Queries . 7 \ ° f d Uty '" order to occupy a position which he de- 
Life Insurance 74 sires. The country needs more such men in responsible 

Essay,— positions, men who place duty before the satisfying 

°R Snyder, ?!"". ^ H ° W * G °' "' By Joh " 6 6 of P ersonal desires.. And what is true of the state is 

The Blessings We Should Always Think of. By perhaps more true of the church. The church wants 

Ch L uVchDTsdpline.-i- Cor/ 5.' ' By P.' bV Ftawa.eV/g "^ Wh ° le T , themsete ° ut ° f consideration when- 

Incidents of Long Ago. By D. Hays 67 ever '* ls possible to do so ; and when such are secured 

- Wisdom. By L. c" Hosfeldt .68 they lift the whole bodv of believers to a higher plane 

Some Unanswerable Arguments against the Lodge. . , , , , , . s K lltl,c - 

By H. M. Barwick 68 An<1 the church needs just that. 

Do I Discourage Others? By H. A. Stahl 69 

Con^ne?f al Confd"„e J ef C^nSce! ' By ' J. ' ^ LaST Saturd ^ - important treaty was signed by 

Young 69 Secretary Hay and Sir Michael Herbert. It is with 

Howlmal, $fJET g]2££tjt 7 o "*""** t0 the M ™ k ™ """""ary question. A corn- 
General Missionary and Tract Department,- mission of six members is to be appointed, three by 

Unwilling Ministers ' 75 England and three by America. So one side, in or- 

The Better Way. By -J. E. Milier 75 der to win. must gain a member from the other side. 

substitutes. By W. M. Pratt, 7 r . . ... , t 

India Notes. By Eliza B. Miller 75 " ,s stipulated that no American city can be trans- 
Giving to the Lord. By Catharine F. Ikenberry,. . .75 ferred to British control. The main question to be 

! = decided is as to whether England can get to tide wa- 

AROUND THE WORLD. ter. If the treaty is ratified it will settle a dispute 

' ™ ° f 'ong standing which at times has threatened to 

Colonel Arthur Lynch served in the Boer army, cause serious trouble. Great Britain refused to ac- 

fighting against the English. Later he was elected to ce Pt sucn a commission before, wanting an umpire 

Parliament from one district. He returned and ex- whose decision should Ik final on all points of'differ- 

pected to have no serious trouble. But he was arrested ence - No doubt the present agreement will bring 

on the charge of having been guilty of high treason, about a more satisfactory settlement. Governments 

He was tried and by the court sentenced to death. He are learning that the best way to settle disputes is by 

is very popular with the Irish, and those who opposed arbitration, and that before the people become in- 

the war are not in favor of executing him. Perhaps flamed. There are always two sides to a question, and 

very few people really think it would be wise to carry f ' ,e r '^ nt solution is more likely to be secured by calm 

out the sentence, though there is no doubt that, under discussion than by fighting. And, besides this, fight- 

the definition of treason, he is guilty. It seems prob- m S is not tne Christian way of settling troubles, 
able that his sentence will be commuted to life impris- 
onment, with a reconsideration of his case after some 

Conditions in the Philippines are not what we 
should like to see them. A disease among the water 
buffalo, which the people use in their agricultural work, 
killed a large part of them, and as a result there has 
been much suffering. Secretary Root submitted a pe- 
tition from Aguinaldo to the Senate. The ex-rebel 
leader says he wishes to do all in his power to help 
his people, and he has a plan which he thinks will 
bring them relief. It is that Congress make a treas- 
ury loan of twenty million dollars in gold, and a credit 
of eighty million dollars in gold, which will guarantee 
the issue of paper to serve as money in the islands. 
The sum should be used to develop and improve Phil- 
ippine agriculture and should be paid back in twenty 
years. Both the loan and the credit would be without 
interest, and could never be transferred to any other 
foreign nation. He suggests that a bank be opened 
to transact the business and that it be under the super- 
vision of the insular government. The people need 
help, and no doubt our government will find a way 
to aid them. 

Judge Taft has made an excellent record as gov- 
ernor of the Philippines. He has the confidence of the 
people and of the islanders. His ambition has been 
to become one of the judges of the supreme court of 
the United States. He had an opportunity to gratify 
his ambition, as one of the justices will retire. The 
Filipinos have learned of this and are urging him not 
to leave them. He seems unwilling to leave his work 

The Venezuela trouble is nearing a settlement. 
The German commander seems to have been unnec- 
essarily severe, but nothing serious is likely to come 
of it. Some men were killed and others wounded, 
and much property was destroyed. Minister Bowen 
is in Washington as the representative of Venezuela, 
and he has authority to make an agreement and give 
guarantees which will no doubt be satisfactory to 
England, Germany and Italy. It is understood that 
President Castro offers to apply thirty per cent of the 
customs receipts of his two principal ports to the sat- 
isfying of the claims against his country. It is not 
likely that the blockade of Venezuelan ports will con- 
tinue many days. The English seem to regret that 
they made an alliance with the Germans to collect the 
claims. They do not wish to do anything displeas- 
ing to America. But in the end good will probably 
come of it. The wishes of our government will be 
more respected, there will not so likely be attempts to 
impose on weak nations. The Monroe doctrine will be 
more respected. 

Crops were abundant in America last year and food 
is plentiful. But it is not so everywhere. The crops 
in Finland were almost a total failure, and as a result 
more than half a million people are hungry, which 
means disease and death for thousands. Conditions in 
northern Sweden are even worse. Not so many people 
are affected, but it is more difficult to get help to them. 
Not only are the people without food supplies but the 
reindeer and other animals upon which they rely are 
also in the same condition. Meanwhile the sufferers 
are cut off from the rest of Sweden, and from all 

prospects of immediate help by huge barriers of snow 
and ice. Over seventy thousand people must face the 
severity of an arctic winter with insufficient food and 
not even the promise of prompt assistance. From a 
more southerly region comes a similar appeal for help. 
The hardy Breton fishermen are in the pangs of hun- 
ger. Not only has the land denied them a harvest but 
the sea has also. As if to make their wretchedness 
complete, the sardines, upon which they rely princi- 
pally for the year's earnings, have disappeared. Ap- 
peals for help have been made from all these famine 
stricken localities. It is probable that the French gov- 
ernment can take care of its Bretons, and it has al- 
ready begun to send assistance, but in Finland and 
Sweden the case is different. Collections are being re- 
ceived, especially in the large cities of America, and 
the people are responding liberally, as they should. 
We are living in a region where famine will probably 
never come, which is all the more reason we should 
help those in need. 

The treaty between the United States and Colom- 
bia for the construction of the Panama canal was 
signed in Washington last week. For some time it 
was feared that the Colombian government would not 
yield to the wishes of the United States and that it 
might be necessary to select the Nicaragua route. 
According to the terms of the treaty, our government 
is to pay Colombia ten million dollars when the treaty 
is launeil anu two liuuoi.n mio rvtv, ,i.^ u .,....a a.,11...., 
a year rental, beginning nine years after ratification. 
The treaty must be ratified within eight months. By 
the terms of the treaty the United States leases a strip 
of territory six miles wide for one hundred years, 
with the privilege of having it perpetually renewed. 
The United States may construct a port at each end 
of the canal, our government agreeing to take charge 
of all sanitary and hospital work along the canal, anil 
to construct water works and sewerage systems for 
the towns of Panama and Colon. One article, gives 
the United States power to appropriate areas of land 
and water necessary for the construction of the canal. 
There are, of course, many other provisions. 

One of the most important articles of the treaty is 
the one with reference to guarding the canal in time of 
war. It reads as follows : " If it should become neces- 
sary at any time to employ armed forces for the safety 
or protection of the canal or of the ships that may 
make use of the same, or the railways and other works, 
the republic of Colombia agrees to provide the forces 
necessary for such purposes, according to the circum- 
stances of the case. If the government of Colombia 
cannot effectively comply with this obligation, then, 
with the consent of or at the request of Colombia or 
of her minister at Washington, or of the local author- 
ities, civil or military, the United States shall employ 
such force as may be necessary for that sole purpose : 
and as soon as the necessity shall have ceased will 
withdraw the forces so employed. Under exception- 
al circumstances, however, on account of unforeseen 
or imminent danger to said canal, railways, and other 
works, or to the lives and property of the persons 
employed upon the canal, railways, and other works, 
the government of the United States is authorized 
to act in the interest of their protection, without the 
necessity of obtaining the consent beforehand of the 
government of Colombia ; and it shall give immedi- 
ate advice of the measures adopted for the purpose 
stated ; and as soon as sufficient Colombian forces 
shall arrive to attend to the indicated purposes those 
of the United States shall retire." 



January 31, 1903 

■• Study to show thyself approved unto God. a workman that needeth not be 
ashamed, rightly dividing the Wor d ol Truth. 



Closed now is life's volume 

And ended the story. 
But angels will gladly 

Repeat it in glory; 

For lives full of earnest 

And helpful endeavor. 
Like hers, they remember 

And cherish forever. 
Though humble her mission. 

She grandly fulfilled it. 
And faithfully followed 

Wherever God willed it. 

And life's sorest trials 

She bore all unfretting. 
And her star hath declined 

To a glorious setting. 
And after earth's midnight 

Of pain and of sorrow 
For her now is dawning 

A beautiful morrow. 

A light we see shining 

More brightly above us, 
And we know that far dearer 

And better she loved us. 
And while she looks down, 

All our sadness beholding. 
Her life is in lovelier 

Fullness unfolding. 

Though closed is life's volume 

And ended the story, 
Yet angels hereafter 

Will sing it in glory. 

Cerrogordo, 111. 

. ■•» . 



In Five Parts. — Part Five. 


When King James the First came to the throne in 
1O03 he found the church divided into two great par- 
ties. First there was the ritualistic party which firm- 
lv believed in keeping up all the rituals, ceremonies, 
etc., of the old church; and, second, the Puritan ele- 
ment who wanted the church purified from these 
" vain-gloryings." To try to settle these difficulties 
the king called a council to convene at Hampton 
Court. Here Dr. Rainolds, a leader of the Puritan 
element, suggested a new translation of the Bible to 
correct many abuses which had crept in. This met 
with the king's favor, and also the opposition of the 
Bishop of London. But the king prevailed and steps 
were taken at once to begin the work. The king 
named fifty-four men to whom the work of translat- 
ing was to be intrusted. Of this number seven de- 
clined, which left forty-seven to complete the work. 

These forty-seven men were divided into six compa- 
nies, two of which were to meet at Westminster, two at 
Oxford and two at Cambridge. To each company was 
assigned a portion of the Bible as their special work 
of translation. After they had gone over the work 
carefully it was passed on to the next company, and 
so on until the six companies had examined it, for 
the work was " to be considered of seriously and ju- 
diciously." The work especially assigned to these 
companies was as follows : To the first company at 
Westminster, the Pentateuch and the historical books 
to the end of Second Kings ; to the first company at 
Cambridge, Chronicles to the Songs of Solomon ; to 
the first at Oxford, the rest of the Old Testament ; to 
the second company at Westminster was given the 
apostolic epistles ; to the second at Cambridge, the 
Apocrypha; and to the second at Oxford, the Gos- 
[K-ls, the Acts, and Revelation. 

That the work was carefully and earnestly carried 

on cannot be doubted. Picture, if you can, one of the 

>mpanies. One is reading from the manuscript. 

Around him are his colaborers, each with a Bible in 
one of the languages.— Latin, French, Spanish, etc. 
If they had any corrections to make, they spoke. If 
not, the reader read on. Then it was passed on to the 
next company. When there was a difference of opin- 
ion, it was referred to a committee for settlement. 
The final revision was conducted in London by two 
from each company. These twelve men met daily 
for nine months. The entire work lasted for four 
years, from 1607 to 1610. 

While King James was the promoter and sponsor 
of this enterprise, he did nothing to remunerate them 
for their time and labor save to write the bishops that 
whenever a " living of twenty pounds " became va- 
cant, he desired them to inform him so that he might 
'• recommend one of the translators to the patron." 
The edition was printed by Barker, the stationer, who 
paid the expenses of getting out the work, about 
$17,500. This represents the total cost of the labors 
of forty-seven men for about four years of difficult 
and almost incessant labor; considerably less than 
$100 per year for each man's actual expenses. The 
committee on final revision received from the Com- 
pany of Stationers the munificent sum of six shillings 
(about $1.25) per day for their labors. This is the 
only known instance where any of the translators re- 
ceived any remuneration whatever for their labors. 

The full title as it appeared in the first edition ran 
as follows: "The Holy Bible conteyning the Old 
Testament and the New : Newly Translated out of the 
Originall tongues: with the former Translations dili- 
gently compared and revised by his Maiesties Speciall 
Comandment. Appointed to be retad in Churches. 
Imprinted at London by Robert Barker, Printer to the 
King's Most Excellent Maiestie. Anno Dom. 161 1." 
This title is practically the same as it appears in most 
Bibles to-day, save that the spelling has been modern- 

After the title came the dedication to the king. This 
was followed by a note of considerable length entitled, 
" The Translators to the Reader," said ta be a most 
excellent paper, but now omitted from modern edi- 
tions, a fact to be deplored. Then followed a calendar 
for thirty-nine years, " Table of Proper Lessons," and 
" Names and Orders of all the Books." In some 
editions there was inserted a " map of Canaan " and a 
Genealogy of Holy Scripture" prepared by John 
Speed who paid a royalty for the privilege of having 
this document inserted in the book. 

Although the king had forbidden any marginal 
notes such as had appeared in the Genevan versions, yet 
they were allowed to place in the margin such words 
as would render more clear obscure Hebrew and Greek 
words. The translators took advantage of this, and 
while ignoring doctrinal interpretation they placed in 
the margin over seven thousand brief marginal notes 
giving a more literal interpretation of Hebrew, Chal- 
daic and Greek. Some have gone so far as to say 
that the " marginal rendering is more to be trusted 
than the text." However this may be, it is a fact that 
a large number of these marginal renderings have 
been used in the text of the Revised Version. 

This version is also noted for the marginal refer- 
ences placed in the margin of the printed page among 
the notes. It is said that these references numbered 
about nine thousand in the edition of 161 1, althougii 
in our day this number has been greatly increased un- 
til now some editions contain over fifty thousand such 
references. The translators also retained the chapter 
headings, and italic type for words not found in the 
original, from the Genevan and Whittingham trans- 

It must not be supposed that this version came at 
once into universal use. As a rule, notwithstanding 
the king's patronage, strict churchmen clung to the 
" Bishop's Bible," and it was only because of its great- 
er merit that it could attain unto the recognition it now 
enjoys. And it became the " Authorized Version " 
only because it was the best, and common and almost 
universal usage gave to it its " authority." While it 
was a hundred years in forming, it was to be for a 
much longer period the Bible of the people. 


From time to time there came calls for an '' exact, 
vigorous, and lively translation." As early as 1650 a 
bill was passed by Parliament ordering a new trans- 
lation. A committee was appointed and several meet- 
ings were held, but nothing ever came of it. From 
that time on, though, the question was agitated, tak- 
ing strength from the years until about 1870 when a 
convocation of the church of England took the initial 
step by appointing a committee from their own mem- 
bership and inviting the " co-operation of any eminent 
scholars, to whatever nation or religious body they 
belong." The reasons given for a revision were as 
follows: (1) "The division into chapters and ver- 
ses needed to be revised. These divisions as we have 
them are not inspired as some seem to think. (2) 
There are obsolete words which might be exchanged 
for words in current use. (3) Proper names have, in 
places, been translated into common nouns, and vice 
versa. (4) Often the disregard of the definite ar- 
ticle, both in Hebrew and Greek, has made the transla- 
tion inaccurate or vague. (5) In many passages the 
distinction between tenses of Hebrew and Greek verbs 
has been neglected or incorrectly rendered. (6) 
One and the same original word is often translated by 
various English words, both in different places and 
in the same context. (7) The italics call for revision. 
(8) Revision is called for by the knowledge concerning 
the original texts which has been attained since the 
Authorized Version was made. (9) Besides the er- 
roneous or defective translations which have arisen 
from the sources pointed out, others exist for which 
various causes might be assigned." 

After much consultation with both English and 
American Bible scholars, a full revision committee was 
finally' chosen. The Old Testament Committee con- 
sisted of twenty-seven Englishmen and fourteen Amer- 
icans. The New Testament Committee consisted of 
twenty-five Englishmen and thirteen Americans, mak- 
ing a total of seventy-nine active members. The rules 
for their guidance were as follows : 

" 1. To introduce as few alterations as possible into 
the text of the Authorized Version consistently with 

"2. To limit, as far as possible, the expression of 
such alterations to the language of the Authorized and 
earlier English Versions. 

" 3. Each company to go twice over the portion to 
be revised, once provisionally, the second time finally, 
and on principles of voting as hereinafter is provided. 
" 4. That the text to be adopted be that for which 
the evidence is decidedly preponderating; and that 
when the text so adopted differs from that from which 
the Authorized Version was made, the alteration be 
indicated in the margin. 

" 5. To make or retain no change in the text on the 
second final revision by each company, except two- 
thirds of those present approve of the same, but on the 
first revision to decide by simple majorities." 

The committee labored at this work for fifteen years 
when the completed Revised English Bible was given 
to the public. The New Testament was completed 
in about ten years and was given to the reader in 
1881, but the complete Bible was not ready until 1885. 
It was supposed that soon the Revised Bible would 
take the place of the Authorized Version, but such has 
not been the case. Its greatest use seems to be for 
comparison or guidance. But the time may come 
when it will be the version par excellence in the eyes 
and hearts of all, and they will make it the " authorized 
version " as they did the King James Version. Surely 
it is an improvement over that translation and worthy 
of a careful study from every Christian heart. 


There were some renderings and translations pre- 
ferred by the members of the American branch of the 
Revision Committee, but not expressly agreed to by the 
English members. Finally it was decided to publish 
the book as agreed upon by the majority of the com- 
mittee, which, of course meant the English version. 
The Americans agreed not to publish their revision 
until after a lapse of years. These differences were 


January 31, 1903 


largely a matter of language and do not affect the tex- 
tual matter of the Scripture to any great extent, but, 
personally, we prefer the American revision for plain- 
ness and clearness of language. The revision has but 
lately been put on the market, owing to the agreement 
with the English committee. Thus we have, in a man- 
■ ner, traced the growth of our English Bible from the 
Early Anglo-Saxon paraphrasts to our own time, so 
that to-day we have the inspired Word in such plain 
terms and clear language that there is no excuse for 
any one in this enlightened land not knowing the 
way of salvation. May we ever ponder this Word in 
our hearts, make it a part of our lives, and so live 
that the light which we gain from it may reflect and 
show to some wayfarer the path that leads to everlast- 
ing peace. 
Belief ontaine. Ohio. 




That God is our Creator, Preserver, and ever-pres- 
ent Helper, that he created us in his own image and 
likeness, that he is our eternal Father, and that he 
owns us as his children, both in this world, and also 
in the world to come. We should think of his end- 
less love towards us, which is to abound in its fullness 
in our eternal home; of his great pity for us, as we 
try to serve him in fear and trembling; of his all- 
abounding compassion over and to us, in our way- 
wanderings : of his unlimited long-suffering, as we per- 
severe in well-doing ; of his divine forbearance of us 
during our mistakes, stumblings and fallings; of his 
mercy extended to us in our cries for help; of his un- 
limited and ready forgiveness of our sins, upon due 

We should ever think of the divine fellowship he 
allows us to have with him every day, every hour, any- 
where and everywhere, under all conditions of life, in 
this cin-cursed world. We should constantly think of 
the sure and steadfast hope-anchor of our souls, enter- 
ing within the veil of our eternal harbor, as we sail 
upon life's tempestuous sea. 

We should think of the eternal Son" of God as our 
ever-present companion, sticking closer to us than a 
brother, who has proven himself the Champion over all 
our foes, and stands as our only Redeemer, Savior, 
Captain, High Priest, Chief Shepherd and Bishop of 
our souls ; our Lord ; the Lord of lords ; our King, the 
King of kings ; our Elder Brother, the Great Head of 
the church and Chief Corner Stone in its foundation ; 
our propitiation for our sins ; our Advocate in our be- 
half at the right hand of our Father in heaven, and who 
is in full fellowship with us. 

We should always think of the ever-present Holy 
Spirit, whom both the Father and the Son have sent 
into the world for the express purpose of dwelling and 
remaining with his people. We should always think 
of his communion with us, of his guiding influence 
into all truth, of his comforting power, of his dictations 
and suggestions in life's greatest trials, of his sancti- 
fying energy, of his holy unction as our divine anoint- 
ing, of his unquestionable testimony of God's Word 
and work all along the ages since the creation of the 
world, of the hope of his divine companionship in the 
eternal world. 

We should ever think of the presence of the church 
of God on earth, where we live; think of it as the 
organization of heaven and that God established it on 
this earth for our sake, for our salvation, and that God 
allows us, even invites us and pleads with us, to be- 
come members of it. We should think of its sacred 
and divinely-appointed institutions, ordinances and 
commandments, expressly for our benefit.— our sancti- 
fication, development and growth into the likeness and 
image of the Son of God, the Great Head of the body. 
We should ever think of the confidence that God 
had in the church on earth, that he committed his eter- 
nal Word to it, to publish among all nations and gen- 
erations of men, and the management of all earthly 
church affairs, until the end of the gospel age. 

We should always think that in every meeting of 
the church on earth, held for the purpose of doing 
church work in accordance with God's Word and 
Spirit, God. the Father, is present, that Jesus, the Son, 
is present, that the Holy Spirit, the Comforter, is pres- 
ent; that our guardian angels are present; that even 
the spirits of just men made perfect may be present. 
as on the mount of transfiguration. Oh! how much 
we should think all such meetings to be, truly " heaven- 
ly places in Christ Jesus ! " We should always think 
how blessed a privilege we have here in this sin-defiled 
earth, of meeting in the midst of this heavenly so- 
ciety, and of worshiping the very same God by song, 
praise and prayer, that the sanctified and undefiled 
hosts in perfect glory worship constantly. 

We should always think of the possibility of our 
making each meeting here on earth more blessed and 
profitable to ourselves and to others, and more glorious 
than any previous one ; that it is possible always to be 
growing in grace and in the knowledge of Jesus Christ, 
still nearer perfection ; of becoming still more able to 
realize, more fully the great blessings of God, 

Lastly, we should always think that each meeting 
we fail to attend on earth is one meeting less for the 
Lord to take account of, and that if our excuse or 
reason for missing it is not a real, justifiable one, we, 
in fact, show ourselves unfaithful; that we miss one 
more opportunity of getting better ourselves, of help- 
ing others to get better and of glorifying God more. 
Hence each meeting should be reckoned as the most 
blessed place on earth for. us to go to ; and since some 
such meeting will be our last on earth, we should 
attend each one as though we knew it to be our 
last on earth, and that the next will be in the heavenly 
paradise, — the great eternal meeting. 

Now, why should we always think of the blessings 
named above? What benefit would we derive from it? 
The answers to these questions are too numerous to 
mention in particular. Suffice it to mention some 
benefits, namely: It would create in us more godly 
fear, pure thoughts, pure minds, pure motives, pure 
speech, pure acts, greater zeal, greater spiritual in- 
dustry, more earnestness in soul-saving, better medi- 
tations, better closet prayers, better song service — pri- 
vate and public — better public prayers, brighter lights 
to the world. It would put an end to all malice, ill- 
will, hatred, envy, false accusations and suspicion. 
It would enable us to endure afflictions, persecutions 
and sufferings patiently, waiting for its fruitage. — ex- 
perience, hope. It would take away all vengeance, and 
make us to see the propriety of overcoming our ene- 
mies by good deeds and prayers in their behalf, etc. 
Hagersiown, Ind. 

CHURCH DISCIPLINE.— First Corinthians, Fifth 


There is an utter lack of discipline to-day in all 
churches. This is one secret of the ineffectiveness of 
her testimony to-day. In many places men and wom- 
en may conduct their business affairs and live such 
lives as may please them, and yet be regarded as in 
good standing in the churches, especially, provided 
they are somewhat clever and have some wealth. 
Members may attend divine services only occasionally. 
— may not ever take part in prayer meeting, even not 
have prayer in their homes — scarcely give a mite of 
their possessions for the Lord's work, yet when they 
move away from our congregation we give them let- 
ters certifying to'their good standing unless we know 
them to be guilty of immorality. There ought to be 
an awakening along this line. In the fifth chapter of 
First Corinthians we have a precedent for church 
discipline which dare not be ignored. 

/. Necessity of Church Discipline, 
1. To save the individual. The inspired direction 
touching the offender in the Corinthian church was. 
" In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when ye are 
gathered together, and my spirit, with the power of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, to deliver such an one unto Satan 
for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be 

saved in the day of the Lord Jesus." This discipline 
was for the salvation of the spirit, but for the destruc- 
tion ot the flesh. Note that he does not say for the de- 
struction of the body ; by no means, for in the next 
chapter, as well as the fifteenth, he informs us that 
the body shall be raised up. Doubtless he means the 
evil passions. 

2. To keep pure the church. For the church to 
shrink from duty means to countenance sin. To disre- 
gard sin in one means to disregard it in all. Sin is 
contagious. 'A little leaven leaveneth the whole 
lump." Just as one apple in a barrel of apples mav 
cause all the rest to rot, so one sinner in the church, un- 
disciplined, may affect the whole body. The Lord can- 
not and will not bless that church which tolerates sin. 
Achan's sin and its disastrous consequences are a warn- 
ing to all ages. Oftentimes a minister will be called 
to hold a series of meetings, lie goes and toils hard 
without results. He goes away perhaps poorly re- 
munerated financially, and the people conclude that 
they have not had the right man. The real difficulty, 
many times, is that the church is tolerating some sin. 
The humblest presentation of the Word of God must 
bring results if the church is in the proper condition. 
//. Difficulties of Church Discipline. 

1. So many people love sin— even those as lead- 
ers. They shrink from bringing into judgment others 
because of a conscious guilt upon their own part. 

2. Human limitations. The imperfections of hu- 
man knowledge render it very difficult properly to dis- 
cipline church members. Sometimes that which seems 
to be sin on the pari of one does not seem so on 
the part of others— and actually is not. However, the 
Lord has said, "If any man lack wisdom, let him 
ask of God." If selfish interests are left out. and the 
mind of God is carefully sought, there will seldom 
be any mistake. 

///. Salutary Effect of Church Discipline. 

1. To persons disciplined. It seems from the sec- 
<md <,pCoti„ ,„ u>, c^„,i,;,„. ,h„ „,.. „„„ rf ; M ; Dlin „ d 
in this case repented and was restored. While great 
care should be excercised lest we cause one of these 
little ones who believe in Jesus to stumble, we should 
remember that if one is really a child of God, the 
discipline will have the effect of working repentance 
and reconciliation. It is said of a certain pastor, when 
of necessity, a member was disciplined, that he ear- 
nestly remarked to the offender that his sin was such 
as to necessitate his being disfellowshiped. yet the 
church door was open for his return whenever he re- 
pented, and that if he was really a sheep he would 
come back bleating to get into the fold, and would not 
as a pig endeavor to root out the foundation of the 
building. How true ! The reason some parties' try 
to destroy the influence of the church itself, when they 
have fallen into her judgment, is that they never were 
Christians, hut only professed to he. 

2. To the church itself. The best working churches 
arc those where discipline is exercised. It is said ot 
a certain church where members were disciplined even 
for gossiping, etc., that scarcely a week passed by with- 
out conversions. What a happy effect it would have 
upon us if for gossiping, prying into other's business, 
dishonesty, lying, and all immoral acts and conversa- 
tions members were brought into judgment! Great 
care should lie exercised that we do not transcend the 
limits of the infallible Word of God. We should care- 
fully distinguish between human and divine standards. 
Sidney, Ohio. 


In the year 185 1 Annual Meeting was held in the 
Middle River congregation. Augusta Co., Va. It was 
at the Old Brick church near New Hope. There were 
about five hundred people present, and consequently 
no need of such an extensive preparation for the ac- 
commodation of the people as we now have. There 
was no need of a tabernacle, and no cooking was 
done on the grounds. The meeting was held in the 



January 31, 1903 

Old Brick church, and the provisions for eating were 
brought together by the Brethren from their homes. 
They ate under a canvas tent in which was one long 
table where from one hundred to one hundred and 
fifty were served at a time. All who were at meeting 
were served free. The meeting continued two days. 

To this meeting had been referred the propriety of 
publishing a paper by Bro. Kurtz from the preceding 
year. The meeting handled the question with pru- 
dence, and placed the publishing and contents of the 
Gospel I isitor under the inspection of the Brethren, or 
churches^ to be referred to the next Annual Meeting. 
After die lapse of half a century we have in principle 
the same rule now. 

It was at this meeting that the name of Bro. D. 
P. Saylor first appears among the members of Stand- 
ing Committee. The day following, on his way from 
this meeting, he preached in the Methodist church in 
Harrisonburg, Va. He preached from Matt. 28: 19, 
20, on the great commission. When he arose to speak 
he' pushed to one side with his foot the piece of car- 
pet that was placed in the pulpit for the minister to 
stand upon while delivering his discourse. He preached 
in his characteristic way, as Bro. Saylor only could, and 
the people were greatly impressed by his discourse. 

A few years after this, Bro. Saylor came up the 

expense and neglect, perhaps, of those divine prin- 
ciples that belong to the spiritual part of man, is of 
very little value. 

One of the failings of human nature is to go to 
extremes ; that is, the mind of man, .unless held in 
check, is apt to get into one certain channel and, 
while accomplishing wonders in a particular line, does 
so to the detriment of other things equally, if not 
more, important. 

It is to be feared that the people of to-day are ac- 
quiring too much worldly knowledge and not enough 
of the wisdom of which the wise man tells us: " Wis- 
dom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom." 
That is, not worldly wisdom, for " God hath made 
foolish the wisdom of the world," but rather the wis- 
dom of God as revealed to us by his Son. 

Christ is made wisdom to us because through him 
the way of salvation is known, and, therefore, the high- 
est wisdom is to know how to be saved, and till we 
know that, other wisdom is only folly, and not only 
is much study a weariness of the flesh, but a waste of 
precious time. Though it may be a nobler pursuit 
to acquire knowledge than to amass the gold that 
perishes, still no philosopher will teach how to quench 
the " everlasting fire," any more than money will buy 

seat in heaven; and the dying philosopher, as well 

Valley and the Brethren' asked the members of the as the dying miser, will have labored in vain and spent 
' about ten miles his strength for nought, and upon the stone that 

Reformed church at Mt. Crawford, 
south of Harrisonburg, Va., to let Bro. Saylor preach 
in their churchhouse. They objected with the remark, 
" He will cut our church all to pieces." The Brethren 
then asked the Methodists for the use of their house. 
They consented, saying, " If our church is so shabby 
that he can cut it to pieces, let him cut." All came to 
hear him, and all were pleased with his discourse, 
and after the meeting the Reformed expressed their 
regrets that they had refused him their house. 

Bro. Saylor was a bold, pointed, forcible speaker, 
with a warm heart, fervent spirit, and commanding 
presence. When he arose to speak he stood at once 
„ r o„ »u. u.; E Wi., o..J areyi^o. fearlessly irom nelgnx 
to height, disdaining to step down into the ravines and 
winding recesses below. Bro. B. F. Moomaw, on 
the contrary, took in the whole range of his subject.and 
whether upon the heights, or in the valley beneath, he 
aimed to elucidate everything that came within the 
range of his mental vision. When he ascended the 
mountain side from the valley below, along the ra- 
vines and waterfalls, he had, for those who followed 
him in the way, a rich cluster of fruit and flowers. 

Bro. Moomaw often went down the valley from his 
home in southern Virginia, as Bro. Saylor went up 
the Valley from his home in Maryland. In one of these 
journeys to Annual Meeting in Maryland, or Penn- 
sylvania just beyond, Bro. Moomaw preached. Bro. 
Saylor was sitting by, more absorbed in the subject 
perhaps than in the discourse. When Bro. Moomaw 
concluded, Bro. Saylor arose and stepped at once up- 
on the summit of the subject in hand as he conceived 
it, with the statement, " / will make one point, and 
there is only one point in it." If Bro. Moomaw lacked 
concentration of thought, he was not wanting in per- 
sistency. If Bro. Saylor had the gift of plucking 
choice fruit from the tree of life, and placing it with- 
in the grasp of the child, as well as the sage, Bro. Moo- 
maw was more analytical and diffuse, letting the light 
of heaven down upon the dark places, and leading his 
hearers to discover much truth for themselves. 

Broadway, Va. 

1 • ■ 


marks their last resting place, truth will write this stern 
and solemn sentence, " Vanity, vanity, all is vanity." 
" Seek ye first the kingdom of heaven." The first 
school we should attend is the school of the Christ. 
There we will learn how to answer that greatest ques- 
tion that man ever asked of man, " What must I do to 
be saved ? " Ignorant of that, we.are ignorant of what 
is most needful to know. If we know that, it mat- 
ters not what we are ignorant of ; if ignorant of that, it 
matters little what we know. To be made " wise unto 
salvation " is better than to be made wise to science, 
wise to letters, or wise to the world. 

May Christ be made unto us wisdom, so that we 
may realize the value of a soul, the littleness of time, 
the greatness of eternity, and that we shall not have 
lived in vain. 

1818 T. Street, Sacramento, Col. 



In this age of the world much is being done in the 
way of education. Besides the public schools, we 
have all about us great institutions for learning. All 
over this broad land universities and colleges have 
been erected, and thousands of other buildings are 
dedicated to the arts and sciences. Ample, indeed, is 
the provision that has been made for the cultivation 
of the intellect. 

Knowledge is greatly to lie desired, but when ac- 
quired solely for the sake of knowing, and at the 


f The following objections against the lodge are be- 
yond contradiction and so easily verified that each one 
can gather the proof at his door, by simply attend- 
ing a lodge burial ceremony and listening attentively 
to their hymns, prayers, exhortations, scripture, etc. 

Our convictions can be strengthened very much by 
listening to the many honest seceders who have left the 
various lodges for conscience sake ; but when we use a 
seceder's testimony as an argument, the lodge always 
denies his testimony, while proof from their own pub- 
lic work will always silence their guns most effectively. 

1. The lodge makes membership in their society 
sufficient grounds for an unregenerate man to merit 
the atonement of Christ. 

This argument can be expanded and subdivided 
many times, for it is in direct opposition to the Bible. 
Notice this, that at death each lodge member is trans- 
ferred " to the grand lodge above." This transfer to 
the realms of holy bliss is not credited to the dead 
man's faith in a personal Savior, but to his lodge 
membership. In other words, the lodge just simply 
denies the efficacy of Christ's atonement, for their mem- 
bers get " to the grand lodge above " without him. 

The member may have been a man who profaned 
God's Word, a Jew who hated the Christ, a Mormon 
who worships through Joe Smith or a pagan who prays 
to his idols. 

Along the Bible way of life we read of faith, re- 
pentance, prayer, humility, the blood of Christ, etc.; 
but the lodge omits all these, yet claims all the riches 
of the " grand lodge above " after death, if all the 
money dues were paid up when death came. 

2. The lodge makes a mock of religion in their work. 

Their main argument is that all their work is found- 
ed on the Bible. They say that much of their initi- 
ation is a reproduction of some sacred Bible event, such 
as Abraham offering up. Isaac, etc. Confessing that 
they are not a church, yet they have a form of wor- 
ship, an altar, the open Bible on the altar, a chaplain, 
hymns, prayers, Scripture reading and exhortations. 

These Bible forms were all instituted in the church 
as a means to man's salvation, yet the lodge has intro- 
duced them all into their services, mixed up with lodge 
uniforms, white aprons, gavels, the square, the com- 
pass, hilarity and foolishness. Thus we see how the 
church in all her holy characteristics is mimicked, 
mocked and ridiculed by the lodge. Since th'e church 
is the bride of Christ, what condemnation shall be 
meted out to those who so openly insult her ? 

3. The lodge blasphemes the holy offices of the Bible, 
God appointed an order of prophets, teachers, etc., in 

the church, to administer in the holy work of comfort- 
ing the afflicted and exhorting the sinner to live for 
heaven. Here again the audacity of the lodge steps 
in and appoints unholy, unregenerate and sometimes 
very immoral men to lead in a burial ceremony. The 
unregenerate crowd come into God's temple, the 
church, push aside the minister appointed of God, go 
through their maneuvers and finally close at the grave 
by assuring the entire assembly that their brother has 
been transferred " to the grand lodge above " where 
they are all assured of a happy reunion if faithful 
to the lodge. 

Many an honest mind has given expression publicly 
on the sidewalk to his disgust at seeing some " beer 
bloat," infidel or licentious man with open Bible fas- 
tened to his breast, a wooden mallet in his hand, with 
feathers in his royal arch hat, and a woman's white 
apron about his body, leading a uniformed parade to 
the cemetery, or the church. Swords, bands of mu- 
sic, ribbons and other such heathenism all jumbled 
together in the name of religion is enough to shock 
any sober-minded man. 

4. The using of Christ's name is forbidden in the 

Pagan, Jew, Mohammedan, Mormon and everything 
else in a religious way are members of the lodge ; for 
this reason ; to use the name of Christ, to the exclusion 
of pretenders like Joe Smith, would soon cause jeal- 
ousy in the lodge, hence the name of Christ is not used 
in any way. Even the professed believer, when buried 
by the lodge, is not buried in the hope of Christ's res- 
urrection. Without Christ in the lodge, without Christ 
in the grave; how will it be in the judgment? " He 
that denieth me and my words before men, him will I 
deny before my Father and the holy angels." — Christ. 
To make this proposition plainer, suppose the lodge 
would elect a Jew for chaplain. Would he use the 
name of Christ in his prayers ? 

5. Masonry openly denies that the Bible is God's 
Word, and places it on the same moral level as the 
Koran, Vedas or Book of Mormon. 

" In a lodge consisting entirely of Jews, the Old 
Testament may be placed on the altar, and Turkish 
Masons make use of the Koran. Whether it be the 
Gospel to the Christians, the Pentateuch to the Israel- 
ite, the Koran to the Mussulman, or the Vedas to the 
Brahmin, it everywhere, Masonically, conveys the same 
idea, that of the symbolism of the Divine will revealed 
to man."—" Encyclopedia of Freemasonry," by Albert 
G. Mackey, M. D., a thirty-third degree Mason. This 
man is accepted authority on Masonry the world over. 

Here the Christian can see plainly beforehand, and 
for himself, how his Bible and his faith are counter- 
feited and discounted by Masonry. 

6. The lodge obligation destroys the equity of the 
marriage vow. 

The wife cannot join the lodge with her husband, 
cannot find out what obligations he bound upon him- 
self and family as well. His time, money, sympathy 
and ability belong to the lodge for good or evil. His 
children cannot claim his evenings; and his church 
cannot claim his money for support until after all his 
lodge dues are paid. They come first always. No 
one can truthfully say that the Bible, the civil law or 


January 31, 1903 



common sense gives man this great privilege over his 
wife and family. 

7. The lodge plans and works in direct opposition 
to the way which Christ gave. " In secret have I 
said nothing." These are the words of Jesus, and 
the plain inference is that he opposed any secret meth- 
ods. He organized a church on open principles. The 
remotest detail of her theory and practice is always 
wide open for inspection by either friend or foe. 

Christ taught his disciples to search the lanes, by- 
ways, etc., for the lame, sick, poor and all the out- 
cast of earth, while the lodge forbids admission to 
such. The richest gift in the church was for such a 
class without money or price. Now how does this 
compare with the lodge which charges such enormous 
prices for initiation, uniforms, banquets, etc., that only 
men of wealth can take the higher degrees, some of 
which cost huifdreds of dollars? Besides this, one 
member in the third or fourth degree of a lodge 
knows nothing of the degrees above him. A seventh 
degree Mason dare not tell his third degree brother 
any of his secrets. 

Only those in equal degrees are on equal terms in 
the lodge. 

Again, all lodge ceremonies must be held at night, 
behind blindfolded windozvs, guarded doors and above 
the first floor of a building if possible. 

Does that not sound suspicious for a benevolent so- 
ciety as the lodge claims to be? 

The length of this article forbids other arguments 
equally good, but there is one point yet to be noticed. 
The first three degrees of Masonry embrace the fun- 
damental principles of the entire system, and are called 
" Blue Lodge Masonry." In these degrees the name 
of Christ is forbidden ; yet in a Christian community or 
rural district where there are no Jewish or Moham- 
medan members, the chaplain can use the name of 
Christ in his prayers. He can pray just as he does in 
his church ; but when Jews are present then the au- 
thorized ritual prayers are recited. Christ is excluded 
in all their printed matter in these degrees. From the 
third to the thirty-third degrees the name of Christ is 
not forbidden, and they call these degrees, " Christian 
Masonry." Any one who takes these degrees must 
express faith in Christ. Jews, Mohammedans, etc., 
therefore can take only three degrees in Masonry. 

Eaton, Ohio. 



Of the many truths of which we need to be constant- 
ly reminded not the least important is this one, that 
none of us liveth to himself -or dieth to himself, that 
our lives mutually affect each other, and that we 
are our brother's keeper. We are to a great extent 
responsible for the welfare, the success and happiness 
of our fellow-men ; consequently it is our duty to seek 
to advance and promote their interest as much as 
possible. Especially are we to endeavor to encourage 
and help to build up their spiritual life. 

The battle of life is hard indeed; it sometimes seems 
almost a. failure. And it is ours to cheer on and en- 
courage those who are in the conflict. A man works 
much more easily, and fights the battles of life much 
more bravely, when he receives words of cheer and 
encouragement from those who stand around him. 
He will be inspired with zeal and strength. The work 
of the encourager is a noble one, but that of the dis- 
courager is a very low and mean one. Of all men in 
this world the discourager is one of the most useless. 
His work is to weaken, to discourage, to destroy. He 
looks down, not up. He sees very faintly the outer 
surface of things, for his vision is darkened. He does 
not pierce into the inner life of things or events. He 
lacks the essential virtues of life, faith, hope and 
love, for they are the primary elements that make a 
true and virtuous life. The discourager magnifies dif- 
ficulties and cripples strength. He sees the giants, the 
walled cities, the great armies, and he underestimates 
his own resources and powers. The discourager is 
born of despair and weakness. He is afraid to face the 

stern realities of life because of lack of courage. He 
has never done a great work. He has never made 
any progress in the world. He has never made a great 
invention. He has never set out on an unknown sea. 
He has never walked by faith, but by sight. 

The sources of discouragement are varied. They 
may be physical, intellectual or spiritual. Very often 
one's physical condition makes one look on the dark 
side of things. Sometimes it may be born of doubt 
and unbelief; and, again, it may be the result of sheer 
wickedness and iniquity. No difference what the 
source may be, the state of being discouraged and be- 
ing a discourager of others is a very wicked one. We 
may discourage by word or deed. We may fail to 
speak the proper word. 

Praise, when it is sincere, never hurts. Friendly 
criticism is a source of encouragement to the one 
whose aim is to rise to that high ideal life which 
brings him into sympathy with the Christ life. 

We may discourage those around us in their Chris- 
tian life by our own indifference. There can be no 
doubt that many a young convert has been set back in 
religious life and enthusiasm by the indifference of 
Christians. Perhaps such discouragement was not 
willful or intended, but through want of discretion and 
carefulness it made itself felt. Let us be very careful 
lest we discourage those who are weak in their re- 
ligious life. 

It is interesting to notice the difference between the 
discourager and the encourager in the Gospel. In 
some instances when the poor and unfortunate came 
to Jesus, his disciples were the discouragers. They 
rebuked the mothers who came with their children ; 
they told the blind man to keep quiet ; they were ready 
to stone the adulteress. But Jesus was the encour- 
ager. In not a single instance did Jesus discourage 
any person, no matter how weak he was. His en- 
couragement gave new strength and power. He said 
to the sick of the palsy, " Arise, and take up thy bed, 
and walk." Mark 2:9. And the man took his bed 
and walked. To the man with the withered hand, he 
said, " Stretch forth thine hand." Matt. 12: 13. And 
he stretched it forth. To another one he said, " Go and 
sin no more." And the woman went her way stronger 
and better than ever. He said, " Suffer the children to 
come unto me," and the dear mothers brought them 
and they received the blessing. Jesus would have had 
abundant reason to be discouraged himself and dis- 
courage his followers ; but not so. He was always full 
of hope and faith and proved an inspiration to all with 
whom he came in contact. 

Caleb was a man of remarkable faith and courage. 
His character is worth studying and following. At 
Kadesh he said, " We are able to go and possess the 
land." That shows courage, that proves enthusiasm 
and faith. He tried to encourage instead of discour- 
aging others. If a man has faith in God, and God's 
work in himself, then there is no reason for discour- 
agement. May God help us to keep up courage, and 
the victory will be ours. 

Glade, Pa. 



Nine out of ten persons who have any settled ideas 
about her suppose Mary Magdalene was at one time 
a very bad character. And the strange part of it is 
that there is no good reason for this belief. 

They think the woman mentioned in the latter part 
of the seventh chapter of Luke was Mary Magdalene, 
inferring so because that woman was a "sinner" and 
Mary had " seven devils " cast out of her. Luke 8: 2. 
But " devils " has more reference to insanity than will- 
ful sin, and there is no reason for thinking that sin- 
ner was Mary Magdalene 

And yet it is startling how widespread is the error 
of considering them the same person. Famous painters 
have depicted " The Penitent Magdalene " as a re- 
formed prostitute, and her bright Christian light in the 
Gospel is smirched with the memory of her former life. 

The verv earlv church fathers, Origen, Chrysostom, 
and other expositors of the Eastern church rejected 

the thought that Mary Magdalene was the reformed 
woman of Luke 7. Ambrose and Jerome mildly dif- 
fered from them, but it was not until the Roman 
Catholic pope, Gregory the Great, formally taught the 
error that it became widespread. Once proclaimed by 
Gregory, it stamped itself so generally in the minds 
of his subjects that it passes unchallenged even by 
many Protestants to-day. 

So firmly lodged was this error among Roman Cath- 
olics that there are communities of nuns made up of 
reformed prostitutes who are given the names of " the 
religious order of Magdalen " and " Magdalenettes." 
In later times, however, some Roman Catholic writers 
have rejected it. 

The fact is there is not a woman mentioned in the 
Scriptures, or a man either, whose life shows more per- 
sistent faithfulness to her Master than that of Mary 

She ministered to him of her temporal substance. 
Luke 8:2, 3. She is frequently in association with 
the faithful women followers of Christ. She was 
with the mother of Jesus at the foot of the cross. 
John 19: 25. She followed his body to the tomb. 
Mark 15: 47. She was among those who brought 
spices to the sepulchre on the first day of the week. 
She showed more anxiety about the removal of the 
Savior's body than is recorded of the others. John 
20: 2. Christ appears first to her. John 20: 15, i<>. 
She was among the first to sound the news of his 
resurrection to the disciples. John 20: 18. 

In' conclusion, instead of always remembering 
Mary Magdalene as the penitent woman, raised from 
a life of shame by the Savior, we may rank her as 
one of the noblest heroines of the Bible, whose per- 
sistent fidelity to her Master may he an inspiration 
for both men and women in every generation. 
Dcs Moines, Iowa. 


wv j r voir no. a boon to home, to society, to church, and to 
stale! "A confiding or putting faith in; reliance; 
belief." To-day a sister says of a certain minister, 
who is comparatively young yet, " He cannot preach as 
good as he could ten years ago." There must be a 
cause for such retrograding. The primary cause may 
exist in not having confidence that the Spirit of God 
has called him to be an " ambassador " for him. And 
without such a realization no minister will have very 
much confidence in his own preaching. If a minister 
or teacher has little or no confidence in his own mes- 
sage, how can he expect others to have confidence in it? 

Again, by not applying our energies to a calling 
which is God-given, either by a natural or spiritual 
way, a person's confidence will leak out. 

Again, confidence is destroyed, many times, by 
abusing one's privileges. This is seen every day in 
homes, in society, in the state, and the church. To- 
day a brother of ordinary means said, " I would like 
to have such confidence in my neighbors and brothers 
in the church as to loan them anything they need that 
was in my possession. But they abuse my willingness 
and delight. So I lose in two ways." 

Some ministers go to a congregation, poor and help- 
less financially ; they are helped from within and with- 
out, so financial prospects are a certainty. They forget 
to feed the Iambs and the sheep ; the spirituality runs 
down. In a few years a harvest is reaped from the 
start the church and community has given them; they 
pick up and go. The confidence of the church and 
community is gone. 

Another minister may come to such a place, apply 
all his powers, but the effect will be small. Confi- 
dence is gone from the congregation and the com- 

I know but one remedy: repentance and resto- 
ration. When these graces are experienced from the 
heart, it will not likely be repeated the second time. 
It requires God-given humility to exercise in godly 
repentance and restoration. " Will a man rob God?" 

Beatrice, Nebr. 


January 31, 1903 


Once the Macedonians under their noted leader, the 
father of Alexander, were encroaching upon the rights 
of the Athenians. Two orators harangued the peop e. 
One was /Eschines, a polished orator who spoke 
through policy. The other was Demosthenes, who 
was thoroughly convinced of the justice of his cause 
and sought only to arouse the people to look at the 
encroachment as he did. When ^schines had ceased 
speaking, the people said. "How great an orator! 
But after Demosthenes spoke they said, " Let us march 
against Philip at once." 

The conviction that is within a man impresses oth- 
ers with the truth of that for which he works or 
pleads It destroys selfishness. It removes the crit- 
icism of the speaker or doer and promotes a discussion 
and faithful consideration of the cause he advocates. 

Where there is heart-deep conviction, unbelief is 
not present to trouble, hesitancy is unknown, and en- 
ergy is not wanting. Not only is weather tempered 
to the shorn lamb, but strength, if needed, is supplied 
to the earnest. 

The cause we advocate, not the person advocating 
it, should be uppermost. When there is conviction 
in the heart of the singer, we may remember the 
song longer than the singer, but without that con- 
viction neither will be remembered long. 

On the dav of Pentecost probably few thought 
about who the preacher was or called him a great 
>rator; vet many cried out, "What shall we do to 
be saved?" It was the conviction of the truth of 
what he said that made Peter such a power on that 
dav Art is not necessary in oratory except to re- 
store nature. By wrong habit and wrong teaching 
we often become unnatural. Then art comes to our 
relief and by the study of the principles of rhetoric 
we are led back to nature. But these principles are 
only right if based on natural laws, and only effective 
wnen applied if consistent with natural modes of pre- 
sentation. Every gesture, every intonation and every 
statement must be true to nature and true to purity 
if effective. 

When the speaker is convinced beyond " the shadow 
of a doubt " that his cause is right, and when he is 
in perfect accord with it, then, and then only, he 
forgets self, throws art away and convinces his hear- 
ers. And this convincing will not be simply an arous- 
ing of the emotions. There is a great difference. 
When the emotions are aroused tears may flow, but 
there is no feeling of desire to do. The sensation 
passes away and the soul thinks and lives as before. 
The speaker may have tears coursing down his 
cheek, his voice may be choked with emotion and 
he may arouse an excited feeling in the congregation. 
But an ounce of conviction is worth a ton of emo- 
tion. There is a story told of an emotional preach- 
er who delivered a sermon on " The New Heavens 
and the New Earth." Afterward an auditor said: 
' Don't you ever preach that sermon again when I 
am present because I cannot keep from shouting, and 
.' do not believe one word of it." 

Conviction is not opinion. We hold an opinion to- 
lay, we can let it go to-morrow. But I doubt if 
anyone ever lets go a conviction. Owing to circum- 
stances it may be silenced or smothered for a time. 
but it smoulders on and is liable at any time to burst 
forth into a new flame, with augmented energy. 

The minister who. having told something, was asked 
by his little girl if that " was true or just preachin' " 
must have missed his calling. He was not convinced 
himself of the truth of what he preached, or there 
would have been no reason for a child to get such 
an idea of the sacred office of the minister. 

Without conviction repentance is a farce, belief is 
perjury, and salvation a hollow, meaningless mockery. 
Without conviction there can be no conversion. With- 
out it sin, holiness and judgment lose their signifi- 
cance, hell loses its terror and heaven its all-possess- 
ing grandeur. 
Whistler. Ala. 


If not contemptible, at least pitiable often are the 
various aspects of human littleness. " So Jonah was 
exceeding glad of the gourd." Why? Because . 
was a hot day and he wanted to sit in the shade. It 
was all right for Jonah to be glad, but to consider the 
occasion of his ecstasy is to awaken mingled feelings. 
Shall we laugh, or shall we weep? We'd laugh if it 
were only Jonah, but there are so many of us like him. 
Hard by was a great city whose people in penitence had 
turned to the Lord, and as a result the Lord had de- 
cided to save them. If the record had said, " So Jonah 
was exceeding glad of the repentance of the Nme- 
vites," then we could admire his magnanimity, but 
his small, self-centered spirit, instead of rejoicing in 
God's mercy to others, was in great glee because he 
had a shady place in which to sit. But Jonah is not the 
only one who has overloked great things while he doted 
on 'trifles. Many of us now are much like him. In- 
deed, how small we are! 

Christmas comes, and our presents are exchanged. 
Prominent among these is often a liberal supply of 
cheap, stale candy. And we sit by odr -firesides 
munching our candy, and we are exceeding glad of the 
candy. It is all right to be glad at Christmastide, but 
what has been the occasion of our joy? We might 
hear the angel voice: "Unto you is born this day 
in the city of David a Savior, which is Christ the 
Lord," and at this we might rejoice, were our minds 
not occupied by trifles. But how small we are I 

Easter approaches and preparations are made for its 
proper observance by holding religious services. Mrs 
Biggs is a member of the church and wants to attend 
the Easter services ; so her husband buys her a new hat, 
and Mrs. Biggs is exceeding glad of the hat. It is all 
right for women to be happy at Easter time. Jesus 
said to the women on the first Easter morning, All 
hail ! " which means, " Be happy! " Why? Because 
the Lord is risen and death is conquered. An occa- 
sion, indeed, for profound joy. and what a pity that a 
woman should lose sight of the real significance of 
Easter because she has a new hat! Yet this is but 
another phase of the pitiable littleness and narrowness 
of human nature. How very small we are! 
Melvin Hill, N. C. 


18: i-ii. 

Lesson for February 8, 1903. 

Golden Text.— Other foundation can no man lay than 
that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.— 1 Cor. 3: 11. 

Though Paul had some success in Athens, the field 
did not seem to be sufficiently encouraging to warrant 
his remaining there, especially as the minds of some of 
the people there were strongly prejudiced against him. 
From this we learn that his remaining at a place de- 
pended on the prospects of doing good. The prospects 
here were not at all good, and because of this he left 
in quest of a more promising field. But it should 
be noticed that he did not leave until he had made a 
full test of the field, and what could be expected, 
should the work be continued there. And. further, it 
must be remembered that he left in the field two able 
and consecrated workers, Silas and Timothy ; perhaps 
more for the comforting of those who had accepted 
Christ than for the purpose of converting others. Yet 
these men were workers, and while they remained, no 
doubt, Christ was preached. 

After leaving this place we find Paul at Corinth, 
another large city, but the people were of a different 
character from those of Athens. Here were Jews and 
a synagogue, and as was his custom, he went there to 
worship and to teach the Scriptures, and open up to the 
minds of the people the new Gospel. 

At this place he found a fellow-craftsman with 
whom he made his home, and labored, when necessity 
required, as in his young days he had mastered the 

occupation of tentmaking, which in those days and 
in the oriental countries was an honorable and lucra- 
tive handicraft. And, further, no young man was ex- 
pected to start out in life without first getting the mas- 
tery of some useful trade, by which he could make 
for himself a good, honest living and be useful in 
his day and generation. It was something on which 
a young man could fall back in extremities and times 
of need. Though the apostle was a learned man, and 
had bright prospects before him, yet he was subject 
to the reverses of life which may come to all, no matter 
how well they may be fixed in the start. 

It served the apostle an excellent purpose in his mis- 
sionary work. And a trade of some kind might be 
of equal importance to ministers, missionaries and 
everybody else to-day, under similar circumstances. 

-A good degree of the religion of Christ means work 
as well as prayer. And every man and woman should 
learn, as a Christian duty, how to provide for them- 
selves and be helpful to others when need so requires. 
Paul was fortunate in falling in with a good man 
when he found Aquila. And Aquila was still more 
fortunate in receiving Paul into his home. He made 
himself agreeable and helpful by working with his 
own hands. As far as possible, the Lord's ministers 
should avoid playing the sponge while working tor 
the Master or anyone else.. 

"He reasoned in the synagogue eyery Sabbath, 
and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks." But when 
his companions, Silas and Timotheus, came, he was 
pressed in spirit and told the Jews that Jesus was 
Christ. The coming of his brethren gave him en- 
couragement and strength. Before this, in his teach- 
ing he was explaining how a Christ, a Savior, was 
prophesied in the Old Scriptures. And he told them 
that the Jesus whom the Jews crucified was this 

But they refused to hear, believe and accept. And 
as they did this, he gave them to understand that 
though they rejected the Lord's message, he 
had done his duty in presenting it to them. Their 
blood, henceforth, would be on their own heads. And 
so it always has been— and always will be. It is our 
duty, as the called of God, to preach the Gospel to the 
people. But we have no right to force them to ac- 
cept it. The hearing makes them responsible to God. 
and before him they must answer in the great day. 

After the Jews of the synagogue rejected his mes- 
sage, he turned his efforts towards the Gentiles. The 
Lord opened his way into the house of one named 
Tustus where he continued his work for the saving 
of souls. It is all right to have good and convenient 
churchhouses when the)' can be had, but the Word 
may be preached and souls saved anywhere. Paul 
preached Christ wherever a door was opened, the 
prison house not excepted. He utilized every opportu- 
nity of witnessing for Christ on land and on sea,— 
wherever there were souls that needed and wanted 
salvation. To preach, Christ is always in season, and 
we need not withhold the message for lack of syna- 
gogue, temple and churchhouse. 

His mission here was abundantly successful. 
" Many believed and were baptized." And history 
tells us that at one time there were over three thousand 
Christians in Corinth. Though persecution was rife 
against him. he was assured that the Lord was with 
him and that he had nothing to fear. The Lord is al- 
ways with his true and honest workers. And he will 
care for them, so that the man of God has really noth- 
ing to fear. In our work we have this assurance: 
"■For I am with thee." And if we have the Lord 
with us we have nothing to fear: " For thine is the 
power, the kingdom and the glory, forever. Amen." 
Now we have in the lesson these facts : 
First. We are, not to waste our time and energy 
on barren fields. 

Second. We are to be aggressive in the Lord's 
work, and utilize even' opening. 

Third. When we have done our duty, we can 
leave the results with the Lord. 

Fourth. When a good field is opened we are to 
occupy until the work is established. H. B. b. 

January 31, 1903 






The cry of souls benighted 

Is ringing loud and clear; 
" Why arc we thus so slighted 

And left in darkness drear? 1 ' 
I think I hear them crying. 

" You stand on yonder shore. 
While daily we are dying. 

And die to live no more. 

" Can we not be assisted 

Unto the way of light? 
Can Satan be resisted 

In these the lands of night? 
Is there ho way to reach us 

Across the briny foam? 
Can some one-tome to teach us 

About the heavenly home? 

" Sometimes we die hot thinking 

,Of what shall be our fate. 
More oft Death finds us shrinking 

To pass his cold, dark gate. 
For a vague superstition 

In death creeps o'er our minds 
Of our lost condition 

And Satan's chain that binds." 

Daily poor souls are going 

The way that is so dark; 
Death's stream is by them Bowing, 

They launch their hopeless bark, 
Their hopeless bark is driven 

Into a hopeless grave, 
For no thought by them is given 

To Jesus' power to save. 
I hear the cry still ringing 

From those far-off heathen lands. 
To me 'tis sorrow bringing. 

For they know not God's commands. 
The way of our salvation 

To them is a sealed book. 
To Christ our sure foundation 

They've ne'er been taught to look. 

Oh! should we not be aiding 

Those souls across the sea? 
For time is swiftly fading 

Into eternity. 
Oh! let us loose the fetter 

By which their souls are bound, 
And teach them something better 

Than they have ever found. 

Large is the field for workers 
Who come in faith and prayer, 
. There is no room for shirkers 
Or souls who do not care. 
And for those who wish to teach them 

Of him who is their Friend 
There is no way to reach them 
But either to go or send. 
Cooper, Ohio. 



The desire of a man is his kindness." There is 
an ever longing desire in all hearts for kindness. 
" More hearts pine away in secret anguish, for want 
of kindness from those who should be their comfort- 
ers, than for any other calamity in life." .There is 
no more powerful magnet in all the world than kind- 
ness. It is a leading principle of love. It is im- 
possible long to resist continued kindness. " God is 
love." Paul says, " Love is kind." None so kind as 
God. He said to rebellious Israel, " With loving-kind- 
ness have I drawn thee." The Bible speaks of God's 
kindness as " loving, great, marvelous, merciful, ev- 
erlasting." " Be kindly affectioned one to another." 
IE kindness is the magnet by which God draws all 
men to himself, can his people fulfill their mission 
of life without being God-like in this magnetic pow- 
er r* Not until God's people "put on kindness" are 
they clothed with power. 

".Brotherly kindness" is one of the graces — or 
works, if you please,— the which if we lack, we are 
blind, and cannot see afar off, and have forgotten 
that we were purged from our sins. 2 Peter 1 : 9. 
How many of us would be found wanting were we 

weighed in this balance? And thus we are weighed, 
even now, by both God and man. Is it not a fact 
that people unite with the church that kindly treats 
them? Is it not a fact that members leave their 
home church where brotherly kindness is wanting, and 
seek a home in some other church where kindness 
is the rule? Loving-kindness especially draws the 
young to the church, or Christ. 

Permit the following illustration: A lad attended 
Sabbath school in one part of New York City. The 
following spring the family moved to a distant part 
of the city. The first Sabbath morning the boy 
wended his way back to his former school, when he 
met a lady teacher who invited him to a school near 
home. She kindly entreated him not to go so far, 
when her school was so near to his home. " Ah, 
but they love one over there." 

" Kind words never die." " Kind actions are never 
thrown away." Kindness underlies the whole Chris- 
tian religion. In Christ it was most happily exem- 
plified. He went about everywhere doing good. To 
imitate him is the real law of life. Kindness enriches 
him who gives as well as him who receives. Medley, 
the poet, drank deeply from the language of the 
Bible when he penned hymn No. 31. Let us walk- 
as children of light by being kind one to another. 

Some denotwee the Indians as a revengeful people. 
We might fill page after page with illustrations that 
show that they never forget an act of kindness. All 
their cruelty 'has been created and fed by acts of 
unkindness. Even when one has become cruel and 
revengeful, the only way to reform him is by being 
kind to him and doing him good. Is not this a trait 
of all men? Paul drives this thought home to each 
one of us as follows: " Not knowing that the good- 
ness of God leadeth thee to repentance." " God is 

Harlville, Ohio. 



A man said to husband. " Is it possible that you 
and your wife are all the missionaries of your peo- 
ple in Canada?" We realize this fact to our sor- 
row. And why is it so? We ask the question, Are 
not the souls just as valuable here in this vast Do- 
minion of Canada as they are elsewhere? We think 
so. And why are not more efforts put forth for 
the salvation of souls here? 

When we first came here, a lady said to me, " There 
is nothing for you to do here ; everybody is a Chris- 
tian." I remarked it would be a pleasant place to 
live then. Another one says: "Your work will go 
back if you cannot have your meeting every Sunday 
at one place, from the fact that people do not wish 
to change their place of worship." Here we stop 
to explain. Husband preaches at four different places 
and one is fifty-eight miles away and another sixty- 
eight miles, one here in town and one three miles 
in the country. I believe there is a harvest here for 
the Brethren, but it will take more than one sickle 
to cut it. We often pray, " God, send us more work- 
ers here in this vast country." 

A lady said the other day: " I never knew there 
was such a people as you." By some we are called 
a new sect, just started. One old lady came to our 
mission. After meeting she said: "Well, there are 
few of you, but I believe you have the blessing." 
Now amidst all this we are not discouraged. But 
how shall we frame our language so that some faith- 
ful brethren or sisters would come this way? We 
are glad we have been able to stir the minds of 
some at least to make some inquiry. One says : 
" Well, I would like to come, but how about the sup- 
port?" I know that is a consideration; but let me 
say. to those who have the weight of souls lying 
near their heart, there is plenty of work to be had 
here for girls and young men. You can earn your 
living and work for the Master too. There are two 
large woolen mills here in Hespeler. Many hands 
are employed there, hoth men and women. Any one 

wishing to correspond with me about the matter, I 
am at your service. 

Hespeler, Out., Box 252, 


The following is a report of the work of the Sis- 
ters' Aid Societies of Nebraska for the past year: 

Number of garments made, 236; besides, carpets, 
comforts, quilts, etc., were made; number not re- 
l»rted. Amount of money raised, $142.24; donated 
to India mission, $20; donated to world-wide fund. 
$5 ; donated to Kearney mission, $5 ; donated to Lin- 
coln mission, $13; donated in home churches, $6.86: 
donated to District work, $2; donated to send a Mes- 
senger $t ; donated to the poor, $17.30; donated 
for other purposes, $30.80: amount on hand, $41.96. 

Il must be a cause for rejoicing to know that all 
over our Brotherhood the sisters arc silently press- 
ing forward in this work and by their earnest ef- 
forts are aiding in the work of the Lord. 

While our work for the past year has not been 
as much as we would have liked to accomplish, we 
feel encouraged. The poor have been helped, the 
sick visited, and we have added our mite to the mis- 
sion work. Much more could be accomplished if more 
"I" our sisters would join with us in this branch of 
church work done through our aid societies. There 
is an earnest call for a greater diumber of workers. 
and for more faithful attendance. 

Will not more of our dear sisters take part in this 
work which is being done for the Master's sake? Our 
work seems so small compared to what it might be! 
Let the sisters who are so situated that they can- 
not attend the aid society, speak a kind word of 
encouragement to those who do. In this way you 
can do more good than you realize. 

May we all be faithful workers in our Lord's vine- 

Lizzie D. Mohlek, State Sec. Sisters' Aid Soci- 
eties. District of Nebraska, 



the ancient cathedral of Lubeck, in Germany, 
is an old slab with the following inscription : 
"Thus speaketh Chris! our Lord to us: 

Ye call mc Master, and obey mc not; 

Ye call me Light, and sec mc not; 

Ye call mc Way, and walk me not; 

Ye call me Life, and desire me not; 

Ye call me Wise, and follow me not; 

Ye call me Fair, and love me not; 

Ye call me Rich, and ask me not; 

Yc call inc Eternal, and seek me not; 

Ye call me Gracious, and trust me not; 

Ye call me Noble, and serve me not; 

Yc call me Mighty, and honor me not: 

Yc call me Just, and fear mc not; 

If I condemn you, blame me not." 



For Week Ending Feb. 14, 1903. 

. The Tempted Pilgrim.— When tempted with doubts 
and fears as tn standing or " holding out " read John 
5: 24; Rom. 8: 33-39; John to: 27-29. Act on principle 
always. If you have sinned read I John 2: 1; r John 
r: 9. 

. Strength for the Journey.— Study the Word and pray 
daily. Make progress onward and upward. Ask the 
Holy Spirit to lead you into all truth. Obey God's 
will promptly and fully. John 5= 39! John 14: 15; John 
t6: [3. BL-gin each dav with prayer and walk in the 
footsteps of Christ. Matt. 6: 6; Heb. 13: 15. 

. Show Your Colors.— Stand up boldly for Jesus every- 
where and at all times. Be faithful! Have the cour- 
age of your convictions. Matt, ro: 32, 33; Acts 4: 13. 

. Be Separate. — The character, course and doom of the 
Christ-rejecting world is contrary to the mission of 
the pilgrim. Salvation is by separation. Avoid doubt- 
ful ways. Jas. 4: 4; 2 Cor. 6: 14: Rom. 12: 2. 

. Your Privileges. — Love God's people. Observe God's 
ordinances and become strong. — fully assured. Don't 
imitate backsliders, but Christ. John 3: 14-19; Heb. 
10: 25; i Cor. 11 : 1. 

. Be a Worker. — God calls, equips, sends. Go! Salva- 
tion is not a seifish luxury but a trust. Work! John 
15: 16; Dan. 12: 3; 2 Tim. 4: 7. 3; Rev. 22: 12. 
Look Forward and Upward. — Be holy, zealous and 
wise. Help others and be helped yourself! Titus 2: 


January 31, 1903 


= ZT^Z^^r^D The Brethren at West Johnstown, Pa., dedicated 

THF GOSPEL MESSENGER, their new chureh recently. Bro. H. S. Replogle was 

with them and pre ached the dedicat ory sermon. 

Last week it was stated that Nave's Topical Bible 
would cost our ministers $3.36- K ^ ould h ™ b f; n 
$3.16. All our ministers should secure this valuable 




Brethren Publishing House, 


The General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
22 & 24 South State Street, Elgin, III. 

D. L. Miller, Illinois. 
H. B Brumbaugh, Pa.. . 

T. F. Imlbr. Business Manager 

I J H. MOORE, - • Office Editor. 
Editors. GBANT mahan, Associate Editor. 

.tdcuory C»,™Kw- DanUl Be* 

'. R. Binrr, Eduerd fVflnl*. 

=— ^AnTustaess and communications intended lor .he paper should 
b ,.^Id.o°he Brethren Pnb„.h,„ 8 House. «., .«.. and not.o 

any individual connected with it. ^___^_^__ 

Entered a. the Post Office ,. Elgin. 111., a. Second-class Matter. 

Bro. Henry Etter changes his address from Ca- 
bool, Mo., to Kidder, Mo. 

Bro. Enoch Eby should be addressed at Orange- 
ville, 111., instead of Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

Bro. T. C. Wieand changes his address from Smith- 
ville, Ohio, to Wooster, Ohio, R. F. D. 

The District of Middle Pennsylvania will hold their 
District Meeting April 15, in the Everett church. 

FiVE came out on the Lord's side at Nampa, Idaho, 
recently. The meetings were cut short by the small- 
pox in the vicinity. 

The District Meeting for the Eastern District of 
Pennsylvania will be held in the Indian Creek church 
April 29 and 30. ^ 

Five were recently added to the Donnel's Creek 
church, Ohio, by baptism. Bro. D. S. Filbrun con- 
ducted the meetings. 

Bro Spencer Beaver is engaged in a series of meet- 
ings at Union Deposit, Pa. At last report nine had 
made the good confession. 

Bro. Isaac Frantz closed an interesting series of 
meetings in the Clear Creek church, Ind., last Sun- 
dav. Ten came to the Lord. 

Five baptized and three awaiting baptism is the re- 
sult of a series of meetings in the Cook's Creek church, 
Va., conducted by Bro. I. S. Long. 

The series of meetings at Harrisonburg, Va., closed 
Jan. 20 with five baptized and two awaiting baptism. 
Bro. I. S. Long did the preaching. 

It will be a great accommodation to us if our cor- 
respondents in reporting elections of ministers would 
always give the post office of those elected. 

Nine were added to the Solomon's Creek church, 
Ind., recently, the result of a series of meetings held 
in Syracuse, Ind., by Bro. Henry Neff. 

Five were received into the West Conestoga church. 
Pa., by baptism lately. The meetings were held by 
Bro. S. S. Beaver and the home ministers. 

Bho. Geo. L. Studebaker began a series of meet- 
ings in the Bachelor Run church, Ind., Jan. 17. He 
reports that they are having good meetings. 

The Brethren at Uniontown, Pa., will dedicate their 
church Feb. 15. Bro. H. C. Early is expected to be 
with them and preach the dedicatory sermon. 

f The Brethren at Lehigh Valley held a Ministerial 
Meeting (Eastern District of Pennsylvania) Jan. 20. 
The report is that they had an excellent program. 

The new church at Crystal, Mich., taking the place 
of the former new one destroyed by fire a few months 
ago. was dedicated Jan. 18, Bro. Isaiah Rairigh 
preaching the dedicatory sermon. The Brethren have 
shown the right spirit. Misfortune shows the kind 
of stuff we are made of. 

It will soon be time for the clerks of the State 
District to send in such District Meeting announce- 
ments as should be made. Send in your announce- 
ments early. 

/""Twenty-three received by baptism, twelve await- 
ing the rite, and four reclaimed is the result of a 
series of meetings conducted by Bro. Obed Hamstead 

at Shiloh, W. Va. 

When the calls for preaching are so numerous that 
the preachers cannot fill them, it shows that the people 
feel the need of the Gospel. That is the condition in 

many places in our land 

Bro. J. G. Rover made us a short call last Satur- 
day He says there is much missionary enthusiasm 
at Mt Morris and that more than eighty subscriptions 
to the Missionary Visito' have been sent by students. 

Owing to ill health, Bro. E. S. Young has been 
compelled to cancel most of his engagements to hold 
Bible institutes in the near future. He will, how- 
ever, conduct one at the home church, Canton, Ohio, 

from Feb. 10 to 19. 

Reports from the various stations in India show 
that the seed which our missionaries have been sow- 
ing is springing up and bringing forth much fruit 
May the good work continue and increase there and 

throughout the world. 

Our District Mission Boards are more alive to the 
needs of the territory which they oversee than ever be- 
fore. This is as it should be. The fields are waiting, 
and it causes joy on earth and in heaven to see the la- 
borers going forth to gather the harvest. 

Bro. James D. Hicks, of Hancock, Mo., writes: 
" Wife and I and three of our children read the Mes- 
senger and then give it to our neighbors to read, hop- 
ing this way to do some good." And they certainly 
succeed. Would that all copies of the Messenger 
were put to as good use. And why may they not be? 

Many of our ministers, owing to the rural free 
delivery, are not getting their mail at the offices where 
they did. Often they write to have the Gish fund 
books sent to them, and do not say they have changed. 
This makes it necessary to write to find out whether 
they have changed their address before we can fill the 
order. It will save us time and trouble and will bring 
the books more quickly if the writers are explicit in 
this matter. Please remember to send in changes of 

address promptly. 

Doubtless blanks for Sunday-school reports for 
the year 1902 have been sent to all the congregations in 
the United States. It would be well, it seems to us, 
if the elders of the different congregations would 
see that the blanks are properly filled out and prompt- 
ly sent to the proper persons. The more nearly com- 
plete our Sunday-school statistics can be made, the 
more valuable they will be. It would be a good thing 
to have every Sunday school reported, and we hope 
the time is not far distant when this will be done. 

During the coal famine, and we are not yet at the 
end of it, people in want of coal have in some in- 
stances taken coal where they could get it, without 
asking any questions as to the ownership. That, ap- 
parently, did not concern them. One thing impressed 
itself upon them so strongly that other things were 
lost sight of for the time being at least. Trains were 
held up and coal was taken by force if not by violence. 
Parties buying carloads of coal often found that a 
cood many hundred pounds had been taken out. Per- 
sons caught stealing coal were brought before judges 
and dismissed by the judges, though with a warn- 
ing not to be found guilty again. Actions which un- 
der ordinary circumstances would be called robbery 
and theft have been condoned by the authorities. 

Perhaps it was the best that could be done under 
the circumstances. We are not censuring any one for 
what was done in this respect. But we must say 
that the conditions which made it necessary or pos- 
sible for men to take such a view of actions of this . 
character was most unfortunate. The effect on pub- 
lic morals has been bad. It would be easier to do the 
same thing a second time. Men have learned to disre- 
gard the property rights of others, and this is always 
bad. This is one of the worst results of the coal strike 
and the consequent lack of fuel. 

The people who took what did not belong to them 
must not be judged too harshly. We don't know what 
we would do if we were so situated that we must see 
wife and children suffer and freeze and die. We 
have not been tried' in that way, and we should be 
devoutly thankful that we have not. It is one thing 
to sit in a warm room and read about the taking of 
fuel by force, and condemn those who take it; but it is 
quite another thing to feel the cold, to know that one's 
family is forced to feel it, and not know how or 
where to get warm. Surely the poor in the cities 
have had much to suffer. 

But the physical effect is not as serious as is the 
moral. It is not good for any body of people to be 
in a position where they are apparently forced to dis- 
regard the rights of others. The public sympathizes— 
it would be a much more heartless public than it is if 
it did not. Yet, after all, we may doubt whether 
even those not directly affected have as keen a sense of 
honor as they had before. And it is always a mis- 
fortune to have this sense blunted. We must sympa- 
thize and help in time of need,- but let us be careful 
not to let our sympathy carry us from the path of 
the upright ; and let us hope that such conditions may 
not come again. G ' M - 


Members often write saying how much good a visit 
from their elder and his wife has done them. Perhaps 
some of our elders do not realize how important a part 
of their work this is. A congregation cannot thrive 
on food that comes only from behind the pulpit. 
They must get closer to their shepherd than 
that It was in his private talks with the 
chosen ones that Jesus did his most effective teaching. 
Words spoken under such conditions appeal more 
directly than when spoken to a houseful of people, for 
when heard in a congregation they always seem to 
be better suited so some one else than to one's self. 

The one picture is of a boy five or six years. It has 
been in the family many years. There is a sweet 
face and from the eyes innocence looks out. He was 
the joy of a fond mother's heart, and it looked as 
if there would be nothing to keep him from realizing 
her ambition. She cherished hopes only for the good, 
for she was a godly woman, capable of enduring any 
amount of sacrifice and suffering to promote the well- 
being of her family, or for any other good cause. At 
the time the picture was taken only a bright future 
seemed in store, and many thought the mother exceed- 
ingly fortunate. She was happy. 

Years passed, and after nearly two decades another 
picture came to our house. I never should have 
known whose it was. But it showed the same boy, 
only he had grown to be a man in stature. The dif- 
ference in size was not the thing that struck me 
when I looked upon the second picture and learned 
who it was: we expect such changes. We know that 
childhood is followed by youth, then manhood, then 
old age. There is no escape from this. But there is 
escape from the change which had come to this boy. 
The new picture showed a face from which every 
mark of innocence had disappeared. The dissipated 
voung man had taken the place of the young boy. 
The new face was not a pleasing one to look upon; 


January 31, 1903 



neither was the change a pleasant one to think about. 
The face, though young is years, was old in vice. 

And the mother? The iron had entered her soul. 
Her bright hopes were dashed. But she was brave; 
she drank her cup to the bitter dregs, but never wa- 
vered. She made it her business — the father was dead 
— to contend with the evil forces for the possession of 
her son. The contest is not yet decided, yet the un- 
faltering devotion of the mother seems to be gain- 
ing the day. God grant that in the end she may 
put to flight the demons who have caused her so 
much anxiety and suffering. 

But she is only one of the great host of mothers 
who have the same battle to fight. It comes closer 
home to them than it does to the fathers. And yet we 
fathers cannot look with unconcern upon our boys; we 
are forced to ask ourselves what the future will bring 
to them. They are innocent now. What will they 
be in fifteen or twenty years? Will the hardened 
features of vice and sin take the place of those which 
are now not contaminated with the evil of this world ? 
We don't know : only time can tell. Yet if we realize 
fully the dreadfulness of the change that may come, 
and work in all ways to prevent it, we may hope 
to succeed. But if we would avoid the experience of 
the mother above referred to — and her case is a real 
one in all details — we dare not be negligent at any 
time. It is possible to keep the innocent face of child- 
hood even down to old age. We have all seen some 
such faces. The pity of it is that they are so few, 
that as time passes vice stamps itself upon the coun- 
tenances so unmistakably. There should be but one 
picture for each one, and that should show purity. 
The changes accompanying the years are of no conse- 
quence: they have no evil effect upon the soul. May 
our boys and girls early learn how necessary it is to 
keep the heart with all diligence, realizing that out of 
it are the issues of life; then their mothers will be saved 
many days of anguish, and they themselves will escape 
the sure punishment of those who forget God and 
walk in Satan's ways. g. m. 



Probably there never was a time when so many 
people had a desire to visit the Holy Land. Each 
year they go to Palestine by the hundreds, and the 
number is on the increase. In 1904 the number who 
visit Jerusalem will likely reach several thousand. 
They have read the Book and now go to see the land, 
and as a rule they come away fully convinced that the 
men who wrote the different parts of the Bible under- 
stood the country. All this anxiety to see the prom- 
ised land signifies more than mere curiosity. It shows 
how all eyes are being turned to Jerusalem and how 
the people are concerned about the future of the 
country. There is not a Christian nation of impor- 
tance in the world that is not more or less interested 
in the disposition to be made of Palestine. The Jews 
are going there just as fast as Turkey will permit them 
to enter the country. They are going there to live, 
while the Christians undertake the journey in order to 
to see Jerusalem and other places of interest. 

We may be approaching the end of the present dis- 
pensation, when Christ is to return to the earth to 
assume over the nations the authority that rightly be- 
longs to him. It will be well for all of us to look at 
the important changes in events from this point of 
view, for at such a time as we think not the Son of 
man will be seen coming in the clouds of heaven, ac- 
companied by the holy angels. Everything appears to 
be swinging into line for the fulfillment of the proph- 
ecy regarding the second coming of Christ. He is to 
come to Jerusalem, and in his own way overthrow the 
evil and bring all the powers of earth into subjection 
to him. The Christian world is looking towards that 
city. Railroad enterprises are looking in that di- 
rection and steamship lines are preparing to carry 
people by the thousands to this, the real, natural center 
of the earth. As we view it, we are entering a very 
important period, and it may possibly be the period 
for the fulfillment of the greatest prophecies that ever 
came from human or divine lips. 

The District Conference of California and Arizona 
takes charge of its Bible school work; a committee 
is appointed, a program prepared, teachers and speak- 
ers selected and the work carefully systematized. The 
result of this method, which is to be highly commend- 
ed, is most excellent work. 

It was my privilege to attend the Bible School held 
in Los Angeles in December of last year, and a better 
meeting of the kind I never enjoyed. The addresses 
and the teaching were of a high order, the general 
trend being in the direction of higher spiritual devel- 
opment. There is 'too much teaching and time spent 
in studying about the Bible. Here the teaching was 
the Word itself. To get the Word into the heart as 
well as into the head was the leading purpose of teach- 

One of the most enthusiastic missionary meetings 
I ever attended came in the program. Bro. J. W. 
Cline, pastor of the East Los Angeles church, made 
the opening address and was followed by a number 
of brethren and sisters in short speeches. The meeting 
made manifest the deep hold our missionary work has 
on the hearts of our people. As a result of this meet- 
ing a number pledged themselves to give a tenth of 
their income to the Lord for the work of the church. 

Among those who took an active part in the Bible 
work were brethren Cline, Chamberlain, Eshelman, 
Funk, Keiser, Lehmer, Oberholtzer, Taylor, Piatt and 
others. It was the consensus of opinion that this 
was one of the best Bible Schools ever held in the 
State of California. 

In connection with the Institute a special District 
and Sunday School Meeting was held. At the latter 
the matter of supporting a missionary in the foreign 
field received favorable consideration and was referred 
to the District Conference. The Special District Meet- 
ing considered ■ the renewal of the call for Annual 
Meeting for 1904. Brethren S. E. Yundt, S. G. Leh- 
mer and J. S. Kuns were appointed to secure rates 
and look after accommodations. The Brethren of Cal- 
ifornia want the meeting, and it is only a question of 
time as to when they will get it. 

One is surprised to see the large number of breth- 
ren and sisters from the East in California. At the 
Bible school were elders Calvert, Daniel Dierdorff, Ed- 
mund Forney, Geo. Hanawalt, Stephen Johnson, Isaac 
Gibble, Peter Myers, S. Z. Sharp, Geo. A. Shamberger, 
William Thomas, Joseph Trostle, Stephen Yoder, Si- 
mon E. Yundt, John Smith, and others whose names 
I do not now recall. It was pleasant to meet so many 
of our Brethren, and the home feeling came at once. 
A number of these Brethren have located in California, 
and others are about settling here. The District of 
California is securing a strong and efficient body of 

It is not to be wondered at that so many people 
are coming to the Golden State, the land of sunshine, 
fruit and flowers. Here, as elsewhere in the United 
States, there has been a very sharp advance in land 
values in the last few years. Orange groves are sell- 
ing at from five hundred to one thousand dollars per 
acre. A drive through the orange groves, now that 
the trees are bending under their burden of golden 
fruit, is a sight well worth seeing. About twenty-five 
hundred car loads of oranges were shipped out of the 
State last year. 

On Christmas day the mercury stood at seventy-five 
degrees, and the air was as balmy as a May day in 
Illinois. Roses and Chinese lilies were blooming in 
great profusion everywhere, and the air was heavy 
with fragrance of the beautiful flowers. No wonder 
those who can, try to escape the rigors of zero weather 
and blizzards, in the East, to spend the winters in this 
genial climate. d. l. m. 


To know seems to be the leading quest of the human 
mind. We are naturally inquisitive and are disposed 
to be eternally prying into hidden things, and '"often 
into things that it is not necessary for us to know, 

and, by knowing, we cannot add to our happiness or 

Some resort to all sorts of expedients to know what 
is in store for the future, what their fortunes, in 
wealth, in marriage, in living will be. The fortune 
teller, the necromancer, the knave and the witch are 
consulted by men and women of average intelligence, 
who would be ashamed to have it known. And yet, 
because of the strong desire to know, they do it. 

Others are always afraid of something they imagine 
may be behind the curtain, or in the dark somewhere. 
With candle in hand, under the bed, the closets 
and the hiding places are carefully examined. Not 
that they expect to find, but because they want to 
know, and he satisfied that danger is not lurking 
around to hurt and destroy. 

Behind the curtain is a place where wonderfully in- 
teresting things arc deposited. Many mysteries are 
there. And the world is peering around the ragged 
edges in order, if possible, to divine what is there 
and how soon it will be ready to pop out. The sigh 
from unspoken words is, " O, if I could only know." 
And because we cannot know, the things that we do 
know are allowed to pass by unutilized. 

Do we know that it is not Ihe things of the un- 
known that feed, clothe, and make us happy? We live 
day by day. We live on and enjoy the things that 
we see and know. Faith and hope enable us to see 
somewhat into the beyond, but we see as through a 
glass darkly. 

To-morrow, which is not, and never can be a reality 
to us, is an interesting period to most of us. We live 
more on that which we assume will be, than on that 
which really is. The question is not so much what 
is now, but what will be to-morrow. Instead of tally- 
ing our accounts on what we have to-day we mort- 
gage on our assumed stock of to-morrow, which may 
not be behind the curtain or anywhere else. As a re- 
sult, disappointment, we lose credit, standing, friends. 
Our manhood is impeached and our influence gone. 

Now I know in part, I know thai i\ic sanda ot an- 
other year arc run and that another period of time !s 
opening before me. What can I know of it? Only 
a few things in part. I have learned that like causes 
produce like results. Causes that produced certain 
results during the year 1902, under similar conditions 
will produce similar results in the year 1903. This 
is the known. The unknown is that we don't know 
that there will be another year. And if there be, we 
don't know that we shall live to see it. And if we 
should live, we don't know that conditions will be the 
same. Hence that which we assuredly know is only 
as we see through a glass darkly. 

If this be so, on what can we base our faith and 
hope? Certainly not on the things that may be be- 
hind the curtain for the year 1903. Because for them 
we can have no certain claim, therefore they cannot 
be mortgaged in our favor. The present, what we 
now have, only is ours to use, to enjoy and to employ. 
And so it is with each day as it comes and goes. And 
what is now in our hands depends on how we used the 
past — not on how we expect, or intend to utilize the 
future. The past is gain or loss. The present, by the 
grace of God is ours. The future belongs to the Lord. 

What the new year will be to us will depend on 
how much of it will be ours, and how each day, as 
it comes, will be used by us. As we live and as we 
do, day by day, will determine what shall come to 
us in the unfolding of that which now, to us, is the 
unknown. They will he the things which we cause to 
follow after, and not things stored away for us inde- 
pendent of our instrumentality. This is true of the 
things temporal as well as of the things spiritual. 
And those who are straining their eyes and brains to 
see and enjoy boons, gifts and fortunes in the future. 
independent of personal effort or relation, will be 

Tf all transitory things are so uncertain, what have 
we to encourage us, what to hope for? Much — all 
things. There is a line of right living and right do- 
ing that will, in the future, bring a reward, a joy, a 
home in heaven as surely as we now have a being. 




January 31, 1903 

This way has been brought about and opened by the 
Son of God, by Tesus Christ, our Savior. This way 
is plainly given in the Gospel of Christ and is revealed 
to us through the Spirit and his mimstry. And 
though while tabernacled in our earthly houses we 
can know only in part, the time is coming when we 
shall know as we are known. The mists and fogs 
of sin will disperse and pass away at the coming forth 
of the Sun of Righteousness, the darkened glasses 
will be cleared of all obstructions, and the things that 
seem so mysterious now will be evident and simple. 

I would like to tell you how bright, joyous and 
o-lorious things will be " when we shall know," but 
I cannot do it. No one can. We don't have the lan- 
guage to express or to give pictures; and, if we had, 
we would not have the eyes to see or the hearts to 
conceive. The only thing we can do is to place our 
feet on the Rock— live, work and go forward toward 
the goal of the promises made, day by day, and in the 
end 'when our work is done, we are sure of the re- 
ward and that •' we shall know." The apostle Paul 
was permitted to know a great many things that were 
rich and glorious. But he also knew that he was only 
beginning to know, but was going forward towards the 
time when the great mystery of godliness would be 
made known and be understood by all that believed 
in Christ's name. Let this new year be another year 
for all of us in the same direction. H. B. B. 


On Manhattan Island, New York, there are said 
to be 366 Protestant and Catholic places of worship. 
To ascertain the attendance at church a count was 
made on the first three Sundays in November and the 
results were averaged in order to obtain the normal 
attendance. The total membership of these bodies, 
according to their official figures, is 695,942—173.812 
Protestants and 522,130 Roman Catholics. The aver- 
age attendance for each Sunday was 451,631—134,177 
being Protestant and 317,454 Catholic. Of the 1,931.- 
902 persons comprising the population of Manhattan 
Isiand over 300.000 are Jews and 482,978 children too 
voung for regular church attendance. This leaves a 
net Christian population of about 1,150,000. Deduct- 
ing the average church attendance as shown by the 
canvass it would appear that 700,000 people did not 
attend church. In Roman Catholic congregations men 
formed only 22 per cent; of the attendance in the 
Congregational churches 51 per cent ; for all Protes- 
tant bodies together men form 40 per cent of the 
congregations, and of all churches, including Catholics 
33 per cent. In Protestant churches the percentage 
of the whole body of church members who were in at- 
tendance of these three Sundays was 77 per cent; of 
Roman Catholic bodies 6.3-4 per cent of the mem- 
bership were at church. The small churches show an 
apparently better attendance than large ones, bodies 
embracing only 250 members frequently having a to- 
tal attendance larger than their membership, while 
in churches having 5,000 or more members the low 
proportionate attendance seriously affects the per- 
centage of the denominations to which they belong. 
No previous canvass of this sort has ever been made, 
but in the future the New York Church News Asso- 
ciation proposes to make an annual counting for pur- 
poses of comparison. 


From the minutes of the District Meetings sent us 
we take the following queries, which are intended for 
the Annual Meeting of 1003 : 
First District of Arkansas and Southeastern Missouri. 

r. Good Hope church requests District Meeting to pe- 
tition Annual Meeting to authorize the General Mission 
Board to establish, own and control a clothing house for 
the accommodation and benefit of the Brethren church 
and others who wear plain clothing. Answer. — Request 

2. Farrenburg church requests District Meeting to pe- 
tition Annual Meeting to dispense with the salutation of 
the holy kiss between the supper and communion on love 
feast occasions. Answer. — Request granted. 

, Mt Hope church requests District Meeting to pe- 
tition Annual Meeting to authorize the publication of a 
Manual of Articles of Faith and Practice of the German 
Baptist Brethren church, and have .t published under the 
Gish Fund. Answer.— Request granted. 

4 Poplar Bluff church requests District Meeting to pe- 
tition Annual Meeting to authorize and arrange for the 
publication of a chart, showing the kingdom of God, past, 
present and future, with conditions of salvation under the 
Mosaic and Christian dispensations, and prevailing con- 
ditions during and after the millennium, suitably arranged 
for preaching and teaching purposes, and publish under 
the Gish Book Fund. Answer.— Request granted. 
Northern Iowa, Southern Minnesota and South Dakota. 
, We, the members of the South Waterloo church, pe- 
tition Annual Meeting, through District Meeting, that 
each minister of the Brethren church be properly equipped 
with credentials, setting forth the party installing or or- 
daining him, the place and time of his ordination, and the 
official position he holds in the church. Sent to Annual 

2 South Waterloo church, through District Meeting, 
petitions Annual Meeting: In case missionaries to foreign 
fields appointed by General Missionary and Tract Com- 
mittee and confirmed by Annual Conference, fall to go 
will not Annual Conference of 1003 empower the General 
Missionary and Tract Committee to appoint substitutes 
in all such cases without being confirmed by Annual 
Conference? Passed to Annual Meeting. 
Northwestern Kansas and Northern Colorado. 

! We the Maple Grove church, ask Annual Meeting, 
through District Meeting, to reconsider and repeal all 
her decisions on tobacco and substitute the following: 
All officials such as elders, ministers and deacons who 
use tobacco shall be admonished (kindly) and urged to 
quit if but shall not be restricted in their labors on ac- 
count of it, and be allowed to act or take part in all in 
which they are now prohibited by present decisions of 
Annual Meeting, but from and after this time no church 
organization shall be allowed to elect to any office in 
the church any member who uses or handles tobacco in 
any form or manner, or if this cannot meet the approva 
of Annual Meeting that in her lieu of it we ask Annual 
Meeting to add the following to present decisions: Inas- 
much as they are not allowed to be a delegate to District 
Meeting or Annual Meeting, nor to go and hold a series 
of meetings, nor on any committee worit which we con- 
sider is not near as sacred as preaching, serving at com- 
munions or performing baptism, that all ministers, elders 
and deacons who use tobacco shall not be allowed to ex- 
ercise in their office in any capacity and their congrega- 
tions shall not ask them to act in their office and if they 
will not then quit the use of it that they be relieved of 
their office. We do this for the following reasons: 

(1) It is inconsistent to allow a man to be held in full 
fellowship in the church and then debar him from taking 
part in some of her work. 

(2) It is inconsistent to allow a man to preach the 
Gospel, administer the communion, anoint the sick, in 
short to allow him to engage in all the spiritual part of the 
work and debar him from taking a part in business part 
of church work which is of minor importance or of a 
less sacred character. 

(3) No brother or body of brethren have any right or 
authority from God to hold a man in the church in full 
fellowship as laymember or official and discriminate be- 
tween him and others as being fit to engage in all the du- 
ties and privileges of the church. To do so is very incon- 
sistent, to say the least. 

(4) If the use of tobacco is sin. then our duty is very 
plain, we must put all sin away from us. If no other way 
we must withdraw from those that will not quit it. If it 
is not sin we have no right to make a difference between 
those that use it and those that do not in the duties and 
privileges of the church. When we do so we are simply 
offering strange fire. Sent to Annual Meeting. 

.3. Inasmuch as many of our faithful members think 
they have reason to fear that the influence going out from 
our Colleges is not as strongly in favor of the church's 
time-honored principles of Gospel plainness and simplicity 
as it should be, some even withholding their patronage 
on this account, therefore the Whiterock church asks 
Annual Meeting through District Meeting to enlarge the 
duties of the visiting elders and make them equally re- 
sponsible with the elders in charge of the churches in 
which our colleges are located for the enforcement of 
church discipline in said churches. Sent to Annual Meet- 

ing out of Annual Meeting treasury as servants of Annual 
Meeting. Sent to Annual Meeting. 

Southern IUlnoiB. 

We ask Annual Meeting, through District Meeting, 
whether the sack coat with a standing collar shall be 
considered in the order of the Brotherhood. Sent to An- 
nual Meeting with the answer, " No." 

If any papers intended for the Annual Conference 
should have been omitted, those interested will please 
send us the minutes containing such queries marked. 


Do you consider it right for members to hold life in- 
surance policies? 

Since the question is now before the Conference, 
to be decided the approaching spring, the Messenger 
will not at this time discuss the right or wrong of 
holding policies in the old line companies, or any oth- 
ers. But for the present we advise members not to 
disrespect the decision of the Annual Meeting. If the 
Conference sees proper to modify her former decision 
on the subject, then members will be at liberty to make 
arrangements accordingly. Some modification is like- 
ly to be agreed upon, but just how much we have no 
wav of determining. The following report was made 
to the last Annual Meeting and deferred with a view 
of final action at the Conference of 1903- I* will 
therefore be considered at Bellefontaine, Ohio, next 

Southwestern Kansas, Southern Colorado and Northwest- 
ern Oklahoma. 

(Rockyford church.) In view of the fact that the com- 
mittee on credentials at the Annual Meeting are deprived 
of the privilege of attending the meetings on Monday and 
many other associations, we therefore ask Annual Meet- 
ing thlftugh District Meeting that this committee have 
their board and lodging paid during the Annual Meet- 

Report of Committee on Life Insurance: 
To the Annual Meeting held at Harrisburg. Pa.. May 
-0-24 1902, Greeting: Your Committee, after a careful and 
painstaking investigation of the entire subject of Bene- 
ficiary, Mutual and Regular Life Insurance, respectfully 
submit the following report on the queries referred to it 
by Annua! Meeting of 1901. which read as follows: 

« 1. Annual Meeting is requested to appoint a com- 
mittee of five well-informed brethren carefully to investi- 
gate the advisability of a beneficiary association in the 
church, so that we may more fully carry out the spirit of 
the Gospel, ' Bear ye one another's burdens and so fulfill 
the law of Christ' (Gal. 6: 2). said committee to report 
to Annual Meeting of 1002. 

" Answer.— This request is granted and the committee 
is instructed fully to investigate the entire subject of life 

" 2. Inasmuch as the question of life insurance has been 
before our Annual Meeting a number of times and decided 
against, and no Scripture reference or reason given for 
not allowing the same, the Lima church asks District 
Meeting to petition Annual Meeting to reconsider this 
question and give the privilege of life insurance.^ or else 
give Scriptural reasons and references why not." 
Report of Committee: 

1. A Beneficiary Association conducted by the church 
would involve intricate business problems and financial 
responsibilities which it would be unwise for the church 
to assume. We therefore report against such organiza- 
tion in the church. 

2. Our members should not unite with any Secret Ben- 
eficiary Society, or Secret Mutual Life Insurance Associ- 
ation. In uniting with such organizations they are led 

■ into alliance with secret societies, which are contrary to 
the teaching of the Scriptures. "Be ye not unequally 
yoked together with unbelievers." 2 Cor. 6: 11. 

3. There are some forms of investment in Life In- 
surance Companies that do not seem to us to be wrong. 
either from a moral or Scriptural standpoint. Among 
these may be named, Annuities, Endowments, and Em- 
ployees' Accident Insurance, and while we do not en- 
courage investments in Insurance Companies we do not 
find Scriptural authority to make them a test of church 
fellowship. D. L. Miller. 

L. H. Dickey, 
John Heckman. 
C. Fitz, 
H. C. Early. 

The question is going to hinge on the closing para- 
graph, and just how much this is intended to mean 
must be left for the committee to explain. And while 
we have long been favorable to some modification in 
the church rules regarding life insurance, still it never 
did seem to us consistent for members to violate the 
decision of the Annual Meeting by secretly taking out 
policies. It is one way of taking advantage of the 
Conference and tends to create confusion, gives rise 
to mistrust and encourages disloyalty. The better way 
is to remain loyal to decisions until they are repealed 
or modified. . i 

January 31, 1903 


General Missionary and Tract Department 


D. L. Miller, 
L. W. Tbetrr, 

John Zuck, Iowa 


Address all business to 
General Missionary and Tract Committee, Elgin. III. 

**********'**** ******** ****** 

* The next regular meeting of the General Mission- * 
I ™ y a ? act Com mittee will be held in Elgin 111 * 

* March 10, 1903. Business intended for this meet- * 

* ing should be in the files of the Committee not later * 

* than Feb. 24. ^ 

*********************, i ,,| ( ,|,.| 1 ,|, (| ,, ! , 

As a rule there are workers in abundance, more offer- 
ing themselves than the various mission boards have 
money to support. But one board said recently that the 
ministers were unwilling to go where they were wanted 
and needed. When men are called, where there is a field 
ready for the sickle, it looks as if no one who has been 
set apart for the ministry should refuse to go when and 
where he is requested to go. But no man, and least of 
all a minister, would refuse without reasons which seemed 
to him good and sufficient. So it is well not to judge 
until the facts are known. Most of our harsh judgments 
are due to ignorance of real conditions. 

And .what are the reasons which would make a minis- 
ter refuse to go into the field when called? There might 
be several, some of which would appeal to one man and 
some to another. He may have a family dependent upon 
him, and he feels hardly justified in laboring for a bare 
support. This reason is well worth consideration by the 
laity. He may feel in his heart that he is not fitted for 
the place in question. He may be working toward some- 
thing else. And there are other reasons which would 
keep one or another from entering a given field. But 
it seems hardly probable that all the workers in a given 
territory would turn away from their home field and be 
planning to do some other work for the Lord. It is 
possible that plans for self take first place. 

Perhaps those who are not ministers ought not to look 
for the faults of ministers. And yet the laity cannot 
help seeing them. They look to their spiritual teachers 
for guidance in the divine life: they expect more of 
them, and rightly too, than they do of other men. The 
spiritual condition of a congregation is very much like 
the spiritual condition of the ministers. Like begets like, 
and the spirit of self-sacrifice in the pulpit will produce 
the same spirit in the pews, if the right kind of teaching 
is done. Yet the laity ought to engage in any good work 
without waiting to be told. In these days there is more 
than likely as much intelligence in front of the sacred 
desk as behind it; and no man should withhold his hand 
from any good work which he can do. 

It seems that both are too much taken up with the 

affairs of this world. There is need to study and pray 

over the lives of Jesus and the apostles, and especially 

the promises of the Master. For all who would be his 

disciples, whether ministers or laity, it is a question of 

leaving the things of this world and seeking those of the 

kingdom of heaven. The" promises are conditioned on 

doing this. "No man hath left house, or brethren, or 

-isters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands. 

for my sake and the gospel's, but he shall receive an 

hundredfold now in this time, ... and in the world 

to come eternal life." It looks as if that promise ought 

I to be enough to satisfy any one who believes that the 

Bible is the Word of God. What more can we want? 

And why, believing this promise, are any unwilling to go 

I and work where needed? The Lord give us willing 

minds and hearts and hands. G. m. 

<S> <$> <*> 


Near Christmas time I noticed in one of the local pa- 
pers that the Sunday schools of the different churches in 
a small western town were all preparing for the occasion. 
Several were busy with programs which they expected 
to render, and of course Santa was to be there in his mer- 
riest mood ready to distribute with a lavish hand to all. 
One school, however, seemed to be busy with the thought 
of the box which they were preparing to send away to 
a point where there were many children to whom Christ- 
mas time seldom brought anything of cheer. Which did 
the wiser act? 

Now I firmly believe that our Sunday schools should 
be made thoroughly missionary. Not only should the 
ubject of missions be taught from time to time, but there 

should be an object lesson each Sunday when the col- 
lection is taken. The regular collection should never go 
for current expenses for the school. Each one who con- 
tnbutes should feel that here he is giving money that is 
not for his own use, or that of his family, but for the help 
of some who are less fortunate. This feeling never comes 
to that school that pays its expenses out of the regular 
collection. Let the regular expenses be met in some other 
way. The result will be that the weekly collections— 
which are often weakly— will increase; where pennies were 
given, nickels will be substituted; where nickels had been 
the rule, dimes and quarters will often find their way 
into the envelope. And the people will do this cheer- 
fully, because they know it is for a good cause. Ten 
schools contributing in this way might be induced to give 
each one hundred dollars during the year where before it 
had been difficult for them to raise the twenty-five dollars 
necessary for the running expenses. This would make 
only one thousand dollars to be sure, but it would be just 
one thousand dollars more than would otherwise be con- 
tributed. But let a thousand schools do the same thing, 
and then what will it be? 

Christmas is over, but we are already on the way to 
another Christmas. Now is the time to plan for it. 
Shall we not teach our people, from the oldest to the 
youngest, that they shall think not of what the school 
will give them next year, but what they as a school will 
give to others? Shall we not begin to plan that next 
Christmas we will send a well-filled box to one of the 
mission points and gladden the hearts of the workers and 
their pupils? And we ourselves will be not the least to 
share the blessings in the giving. 

Many of the children, if given a little money and en- 
couragement, will put it to such a use that it will yield 
a large increase. Giving, like saving, is a matter of train- 
ing. Because many of us have not been trained to give, 
we give but little." Now is the time to begin training 
for this year, if it has not been begun before, and it is 
also the time to train for all the coming years. Children 
will learn this most easily, and if the matter is properly 
presented by the superintendent and the minister great 
results may be expected. 

As we are not satisfied by merely teaching what others 
teach, so we should not be satisfied by merely doing as 
others do or giving as others give. When once the mis- 
sionary spirit takes hold of a school it verily becomes a 
new school. It does all of its work in a superior way. 
May your school learn " the better way." J. E. Miller 
Urbana, III. 

^ $> <5 


Substitutes wanted! They are in demand. They are 
needed to fill the many vacancies in the church; vacancies 
which are caused either by death or by promotion to some 
special work or new fields of labor. 

A few weeks ago I had occasion to correspond with 
our pioneer missionary to India. Bro. Wilbur Stover, rela- 
tive to missionary work, and an extract from his reply 
is responsible for this article. 

After speaking of the immense fields of labor, and the 
comparatively few engaged in bringing in the precious 
sheaves, he says: "If I were a dozen men. instead of only 
the one little fellow that I am, with vessel of earth to 
keep my treasure in, I think perhaps they would all but 
one go off to the work in India. And the one to stay at 
home, the last one, he would keep things warmed up here." 
Our dear brother is now at his post of duty in far-away 
India. He is only one man; it is impossible for him to 
attend to his duties there and at the same time "keep 
things warmed up here." It is also impossible for him to 
make a dozen men out of himself. We have other conse- 
crated brethren and sisters who are in similar circum- 

Now for their substitutes. Who will step to the front 
and volunteer to do the work which they would so gladly 
do if they could? Are there not scores of workers willing 
to preach and teach and live the great commission, " Go 
Ye"? Shall we not assist in rekindling the missionary 
spirit upon the altars now covered with only the cold 
embers of indifference? Can we not devise ways and 
means whereby more workers may be placed into the 
various mission fields, and supported there? 

Why cannot the churches all over our beloved Broth- 
erhood start in with the new year and supply their sev- 
eral Sunday schools with all necessary literature, so that 
the collections taken in the schools each week may be 
devoted exclusively to mission work? 

The Sunday schools of the Middle District of Pennsyl- 
vania have led the way in sending Bro. Emmert to In- 
dia. Others are following their worthy example. 

With the grace of Almighty God, and the prayers of 
a few consecrated workers, we have tried to agitate such 
a movement among the schools of the District of Cali- 
fornia and Arizona. At our District Sunday School Meet- 
ing we decided that our schools will support a mission- 
ary, — providing the church will sanction the work at our 
District Meeting next spring: the field to be selected by 
the General Mission Board. 

Oh! for more substitutes. There are thirty-eight Sun- 
day-school Districts in our Brotherhood. Why cannot 

•-■ach District send and support one of their own number 
as a missionary to India and other fields? 

Some of our stronger Districts are able to send two 
and even more workers in answer to the numerous Mac- 
edonian calls. 

May God speed the day when the banner of King 
Emmanuel may be unfurled over every house and home 
nf heathendom. Substitutes wanted, to "keep things 
warmed up here." W. M. Pratt, Dist. S. S Sec 

Inglcwood. Cal. 

<S> <*> <S> 


—We are all enjoying the beautiful cold weather. All 
are quite well, some coughs and colds. 

—Bro. Stover left us this morning for a few days; busi- 
ness at Surat. Novsari and Anklesvar. 

—Bro. Ebey is busy at Dahanu fixing up the new mis- 
sion station. He left us on Tuesday morning, while Sis- 
ter Ebey and little Paul remain with us yet a few days. 
Bro. Ebey will be home over Sunday and then all will 
go on Monday to remain permanently, 

—The District Meeting of the first District of India 
will meet at Anklesvar Jan. 1, 190,1. 

—Brethren Emmert and Lichty have settled down to 
the Gujerati with our efficient teacher. Mr. Khandabhoi, 
as their instructor, and are making commendable prog- 

—Since our last report twenty-three have been baptized 
at Amletha, sixteen at Undi and two at Anklesvar— all 
these in Bro. McCann's district. At Jalalpor Bro. Forney 
haptized seventeen orphan boys and four grown people 
a few Sundays ago. 

—Some of the poor people in Raj Pipla who received 
help .luring the famine promised to return in grain as 
soon as luck turned their way. Now they are having 
prosperous times and not a few arc turning over of their 
substance according to their promise. Tt certainly shows 
their appreciation for the help received. 

—At this time there is much sickness and not a few 
deaths among our orphan children. The cold weather is 
hard on them. 

—This week our missionary family here at Bulsar had 
the pleasure of attending the wedding of two of our 
American missionary friends who live by the sea three 
miles from us. It was a quiet little wedding— such a 
contrast In the noise and extravagance made by the hea- 
then people in their ceremonies. We were glad a num- 
ber nf our native friends could dc present 1.. wUness 
the ceremony. Bro, Stover officiated; first in English, 
and later an explanation in Gujerati, 

—Next week is Christmas— the day nf " peace on earth 
and good will toward men." That the story of the Christ 
child may he sweeter and more impressive than ever be- 
fore is our prayer and desire Eliza B, Miller. 

Bulsar. India, Dec. 19. 

♦ ♦ ♦ 


Let us not lay up treasure on earth where moth and 
rust doth corrupt and thieves break through and steal, 
but let us lay up treasure in heaven. One way to do that 
is by giving to the Lord. The poor are dependent, and 
we are assured that deeds of kindness done them shall 
he rewarded as if done to Christ. Christmas and the 
holidays are past, never to return, with all their joys, but 
how many happy hearts are there? In a review of that 
week no doubt sad thoughts revolve in many minds. 

Giving gifts to our friends and relatives is all right if 
done in the right way; but while we arc giving gifts to 
our friends here on earth we should not forget to give to 
the Lord. We should not spend all our money giving 
gifts to our friends, hut should open our heart's door and 
give to the poor. We gave many gifts during the holi- 
days. How many of us gave gifts to the poor and re- 
lieved them of their troubles, and gave them light hearts 
that they might he encouraged and go forth into the new 
year with more courage? People who give liberally and 
cheerfully arc blessed in this world, and of course have 
their reward in heaven. 

Some people think they arc not able to give to the poor 
and to the mission because they are in debt. And no 
doubt they think that when they get able they will do 
more; hut while they arc toiling to get out of debt in 
this world they are getting in deht to the Lord, never 
thinking what a small home they are building for them- 
selves in heaven. There are brethren that started out 
in life giving the tenth of their income, and are prosper- 
ing. The Lord is still blessing them abundantly. If we 
become willing to give to the Lord, it is a pleasure, for 
the Lord loveth a cheerful giver. Giving must be done 
willingly. Giving cultivates charity and liberality. 

A circumstance occurred a good many years ago when 
we had our first solicitors appointed for home and for- 
eign missions. A little girl came home one day and said. 
" Mamma. T put down ten cents on the missionary pa- 
per, and I haven't any money. I don't know how I'll 
pay it." A few days later while sweeping she found ten 
cents, when she exclaimed. " I found my missionary 
money." In the meantime the daughter-in-law put down 
fifty cents. She said she must try and raise some chick- 
ens to pay hers. The same day she found ten little 
chicks she knew nothing of; so she found hers. We never 
lose anything by giving to the Lord. 

Catharine F. Ikenberry. 
Wirtz. Va. 


January 31, I9°3 



™ T H Neher and wife were with us the past 
Austin.— Eld. J- H. Nener house to 

week visiting ' hC "7 h * 'sermons, which were listened 
house. He preached three sermo ^^ 

to with marked attention We "< la ° » , „ ith B ro. 
yesterday. We "-organized our Sunday ^ R 

James Moss superintendent, one ot o 
Whitcher, Austin, Ark., Jan. 24. 

Inglewood-Our love feast will be held April n. at 4 P. 
M-Emmer, Stayer, Inglewood, Cal., Jan. ,6. 

fm n L Miller began his illustrated lec- 
Lordsburg.-Eld. D. L. Mi e s a ]argc 

t „res Jan. » and continued till Jar^T- 
attendance each and gath ° his , ast 

ration. Sunday morning Bro. Miller ^ , 

sermon for us. Sunday evening Bra W- D ,_ 

preached an sermon.-Fannie Ne 

^Inge^-Lther and Sister a U MiUer returned 
IO the c „ y yesterday afternoon from a we c y 

Lordsburg. Bro. Miller preached for » tat mg 

-""To^er^rto^Zp^ Lrch today, 
ence. Bro. Mil er g ^^ ^ _j w . 

X^^Sf^ ^ AnBeles ' cai - ,an - I9 

CANADA. . ,0 husband and 1 took the train to 

York County to hold some 'neetings. Hu ■ P 

nine sermons. The »eather was v ry co ld ^ 

therefore the meetings wer not so tefdj We 

we enjoyed them and we heard other y ^ 


*. an 2 ■prc!c r hed R nine good sermon, Bro. ^-etorne 
h0 me Ja P n. ,5, «»«£■£*£ rs continued the m^ 
■t^Xned^JMmt 2 S Sherman Ave., Denver, 

Colo.. Jan. m 

Washington.-Our first council since we have been with 

Average attendance for two months, thirty-five We have 
Mt that the spirit of the Lord has been especially mani- 
fest in our work.-J. C. Murray. Washington. D. C, 


Mt. Vemon.-We met in council Jan. 17, with Bra 
Daniel Ulery presiding. Much business was disposed o 
pleasantly Bro. Martin Gergen was elected church trus 
t in place of Bro. Andrew Buck (deceased). Some 
ther arrangements were made toward building a »«*- 
inghouse. and about $8.25 was raised for *««**" 
X Bro I H Baker is now holding a series of meet- 
ings near M«o. hi county.-D. Z. Angle. Mt. Vernon. 
111., R. R- 7, Jan. 18. 

Rockford.-Thanksgiving evening we had a special serv- 
ice and gave an offering to the Lord of $4-50. Dec U 
we took a special collection in Sunday school, which 
amounted to $2.08. Some more was contributed, making 
in all $7.78, which was sent to the Lord's work in India. 
Dec 28 we "ave our Sunday school a candy treat, the 
Silver Creek Sunday school (111.) sent us some money 
for our treat. Sickness has been affecting the attendance 
of our school the past few weeks. I hoped we would 
have a minister in our midst before this. It is now al- 
most four weeks since we had preaching. Another sister 
has come to us. We expect one to move here in the 
spring. We would be happy to see many more added to 
our church. We had the privilege of attending the Bible 
institute held at Mt. Morris.-C. Tempie Sauble, 209 S. 
Winnebago St.. Rockford. III., Jan. 21. 

Yellow Creek church closed a short series of meetings 
in the Pearl City house, conducted by Bro. Geo Stude- 
baker. of Rockyford. Colo. All those privileged to at- 
tend the meetings expressed themselves as being much 
encouraged and strengthened.— Lizzie Clair, Lena, 111.. 

j3n ~ INDIANA. 

Harrison County.— Jan. 18 we closed our series of meet- 
ings, conducted by Bro. Emery Baker. Good interest 
prevailed.— Get Miller. Laconia, Ind., Jan. 19. 

Huntington (country).— Last Sunday at our regular 
services two, a brother and sister, were received by letter, 
and another soul came knocking at the door of the church 

fn^Vm ^ " Fisher, Logansport, !nd., 
Ja ^o._Bro. Lemuel Hille.yc^^us^ ami 
stayed over Sunday, preaching each even g 
doctrinal.-A. D. Lair. Mexico, Ind., Jan. 20. 

..■** nwv Fid L W. Teeter has been preaching at 
Middle Fork.-Eld.LW ^ bcen goo& 

Pleasant View since Jan. 3. me 0ne has been bap- 

The attendance has also been good. Ou^ ^ 

"'I a " d to Lecr^U bgni-eering a, New Hope 
r'^ning-jota E W Me,zger, R. R. I, Rossvil.e. Ind., 

were delegates at our District ] Me *t. : g 
ttSttZZ* ^S,e aseseeto 

should not have a Sunday school, repor so. U V 
negation should have ***»«?% ' w ". get 
let us know, and you w. 1 be «w££J fee obliged 

Sec Wakarusa, Ind., Jan. 22. 

Solomon's Creek church held a -ries of meetings m the 

bright, Syracuse, Ind., R. F. D. No. ., Jan. 2.. 
Franklin church met in council Jan. 17, our elder, A. 

C „ d Ma"hTof th ' „°xt garter. Sisters Anna Duffteld 
„H Koo were appointed as solicitors for home mis- 
Lon EW Wolf remained and preached over Sunday.- 
Jemima Kob, Garden Grove, Iowa, Jan. 21. 

Lake Park.-The meetings at Lake Park, conducted by 
Bro Eikenberry, Cosed Jan. .8. Owing to the severity 
of the winter weather, the attendance was small. We will 
b g n our Bible school Feb. 9, to continue two week 
S Bro. O. J. Beaver instructor. A «W — - - 
extended.-N. D. Metz, Lake Park, Iowa, Jan. 21 

Libertyville.-Bro. H. C. N. Coffman is now with us 
s oHc,'iT«or an endowment fund for our Distnc, ^mission 
work He gave us an interesting missionary sermon yes 
t^day a, our regular appointment. Eld. A WoK was b 
sent over Sunday attending to church work in Decatur 
County, Iowa.-W. N. Glotfelty, Batava, Iowa, Jan. 19. 

Monroe County.-The year .902 is past In reviewing 
we find that four series of meetings were held consisting 
of about sixty sermons. Four were baptized and two re 
claimed; two withdrew from fellowship. Our number a end 
of year was eighty-three. New year starts in with _bright 
prospects. One of our Sunday-school pupils, aged n n * 
teen years, stepped boldly out and was bapt.zed.-W.ll.s 
Rodabaugh, Fredric, Iowa, Jan. 20. 
Eudora.-Bro. H. L. Brammell, of Ozavvkie, Kans be- 
gan a series of meetings in the East Maple Grove church 
fan. 4 and continued till Jan. 2., preaching twenty-one 
sermons. Three precious souls came out on th .Lords; two were baptized, while one yet awaits the rite.. 
The attendance and interest were good We hav .en- 
joyed a spiritual feast and feel strengthened.-Bettie Root, 
Eudora, Kans., R. R. I, Jan. 22. 

Newton.-I will offer myself to any of our churches 
(not too far away) who may want me the next 
ix or nine months to preach for them in a protracted 
series. Address as herewith.-L. Andes, Newton, Kans., 
Jan. 22. 

North Solomon.-The Lord is still working with us. 
Another precious soul was received. Our elder IS 
Lcrew, whose family have been so very seriously 11 arc 
improving. So is Sister Leah Burgard^ W« .expect B«. 
T. E. George, of Quinter, Kans., to be with us.-Clara 
Breon, Portis, Kans., Jan. 19. 

Pleasant View-We have been enjoying a of 
meetings held by brethren A. F. Miller, W. A. Rose and 
John Wise, of Conway Springs, Kans. The meetings 
asted two weeks. We had a very good attendance- 
Four united with the church by baptism We have a very 
enjoyable little social meeting on Wednesday night of 
each week. Bro. Bruce Miller was installed to the min- 
istry.— Alma Hertzlcr, Darlow, Kans., Jan. 22. 

MO -' t " me „°e pr S ea J ch n ed 4 se:e teen S : irituarsermons, Cos- 

meetings. He P reacnc ° Tp ho ca me once never 
ing on last Sunday «^*™3 1Mia an d his wife came 

failed to come aga in Ay.« fine during 

boldly forward fo. _Chnst The^ appreciat ed 

all the meet.ngs.. These ™Cmg ^ ^^ (o 

by the Parsons people, they nay ,„ 

= ^r^^^y,^2' S teven^Av,, 

Parsons, Kans., Jan. 23. 


Roanoke church met ^^^S. 
were made in our church officers for th P 
Also an election WM .held for one ^minister 1 
on Bro. Robert Harris. Ata to« -J^J^ a „ d Br0 . 
for deacons was Bro Ge^ fflri v^ ^^ ^ 

Walter Bowers. Bro. GlicK anu om 

installation service was deferred Bro. J. AM . 
Texas, came to us to-day and Im 1 hold .J ^ 

ings at our churchhouse ~J£g*£* Timc not lim- 
ho ,d a series here at the Roanoke cbu« ^^ ^ 

ited at either place.— J. r. u»w 

Manor.-Our love feast will be held May 9 ^ l« at 
p. M.-Portia Rowland, Hagerstown, Md., Jan. 20. 

r- . »,„ lohn M. Smith came Jan. 10 to 
Chippewa Cr«k-Bra Jon^ r. 1 fourtccn 

ho ,d a series of «£?"££,£„ were encouraged. 
soul-cheering sermons, ll.e mem ^^ 

Two precious souls, members of our Sunday , ^ 

baptized,-one Jam ■ , and h other an. ,8 ^ 
close the ntee rings Jan. ^ « o^ ^^^ ^ 

rS/wafagaln e^ed' sOperintendent for this year.- 
W. F. Jehnzen, Rodney Mich Jar, - churchhouse 

Crystal church met m » mcllm ft. n ^ ^ 

J , an - 7 sF?d Isaiah Rairigh, of Woodland, who is our 

a r da dThT« d ac a , n that e th eTe: e hVr^ P^ J and an 
: n rted h n e ess aC :n th .he burned one was all accounted for. 
The neighbors here did nobly. Our gra t 
churches aiding us found express.on ,n a nsing vc 

and after working hours." He is a man well up in yea. s. 
We had a good council. On Sunday at .1 A. M Brc, 

school was organized Jam „, by ^« J^ Qne was 
SST- c n o d unC, -W H. Roose. Crystal, Mich., Jan. 

e v n el e g. eV T:e?e wer:-,h 7 ;e a e soil-cheering sermons l.s- 
Ined to by a small congregation on account of 

weather.-Esther Myers, Ferry, Mich., Jan. 23. 
Osceola church met in council to-day. We .decided to 
hold a series of meetings in August conducted ^ ^ Bro 
Chas M Yearout, of Warrensburg, Mo. On ^account 
bad roads there was not a very good attendance. Bro 
F a f Barrick and the writer were chosen to solicit the 
^„.r C for D ,tric,ex n eS iXr dayschoo, a rs 

progressing nicely.— Lizzie Kepiog.e, 


Berthold-Our dedication services were well attended. 
Eve y one' enjoyed the address by Eld. Whitmer very 


rrs. v/rnar -w?a=«i= --- 

a ng°lng, following week. Collection taken at our 
dedication services amounted to twenty-one dollar, 
Allie M. Jones, Berthold, N. Dak., Jan. 20 
Red River Valley.-We met at the home of Bro. Bobbs 
Red Kiver v y Swihart, preached a 

o retain our officers for three months. Some of he 

Brethren contemplate changing locarion this coming 

spring.-Nettie Strycker, Mayv.lle. N. Dak., Jan. .8. 


Diller.-Bro. A. D. Sollenberger came to us Jan. II and 

, „i, The interest increased as tne 

of the truth.-J. E. Bryant, Odell, Nebr., Jan. 22. 

January 31, 1903 






Clarkson, — To-day we had the largest congregation for 
several months. Bro. Henry Brubaker has been with this 
congregation almost one year. The Sunday school is in 
good working order, under the leadership of Bro. Clar- 
ence Landis. The Paradise Prairie Sunday school gives 
to the mission work the first Sunday in each quarter. — 
J. H. Cox, Clarkson, Okla., Jan. 14. 


Belle£ontaine. — The Committee of Arrangements for the 
next Annual Conference has been in session here for sev- 
eral days. Plans for the meeting are taking form, and 
from now on preparations will be pushed with vigor. Ar- 
rangements as lo lodging will be made shortly. Bro. B. 
R Snyder is the local member of the lodging committee. 
Further announcements will be made later.— John R. Sny- 
der, 803 N. Main St., Bellefontaine, Ohio, Jan. 23. 

Canton. — Of late the members in Canton have become 
organized. A bright future awaits that body of brethren 
and sisters. It has somewhat crippled the other part of 
the Canton congregation, taking some officers. Bro. E. 
S. Young held in the early part of winter or fall a Bible 
institute at the Mt. Pleasant appointment. Four at that 
time came to the fold. Bro. J. F. Kahler is away in ad- 
joining congregations much of the time. Our Sunday 
schools are doing good work. Bro. Milton Taylor and 
Bro. Culler have found and filled their positions as super- 
intendents with credit to the cause.— H. P. Brinkworth, 
Louisville, Ohio, Jan. 19. 

Donnel's Creek. — Jan. 3 Eld. D. S. Filbrun came to us 
and labored very earnestly until Jan. 18, giving us twenty- 
seven gospel sermons. The weather was very cold and 
stormy during the first week, but the attendance and in- 
terest were good. Five young Sunday-school scholars 
came out on the Lord's side arid were baptized. The 
members were greatly strengthened. The meetings 
closed with growing interest. — Hettie Barnhart, New Car- 
lisle, Ohio, R. R. No. 4, Jan. 19. 

Greenspring. — Our series of meetings, conducted by 
Bro. Wilkins, closed Sunday night with very good in- 
terest. One dear sister was made willing to accept 
Christ. The church is much built up. Next week we 
expect Sister Cora Miller to commence a singing at the 
church. — Annie W. Light, Old Fort, Ohio, Jan. 20, 

Lima. — The series of meetings, in progress since Dec. 
28, closed Jan. 18. It certainly has been a spiritual feast 
for those able to attend. Bro. Kintner preached twenty- 
six soul-cheering sermons. Good interest and attendance. 
One precious soul came back into the fold. — Chas. W. 
Kahler, Lima, Ohio, Jan. 19. 

Maple Grove church met in council Jan. 17, with Eld. 
Noah Longanecker presiding. Church and Sunday-school 
officers were elected for the coming six months and a 
bishop selected for the church. Bro. W. L. Desenberg 
was ordained to the full ministry. Bro. Will Gerber was 
re-elected superintendent; Bro. Will Switzer assistant. 
Sister Bertha Umphery was chosen secretary. Bro. Long- 
anecker preached four good sermons while with us. 
Our Sunday school is evergreen and holding its own. 
Sunday school each Sunday at 10 A. M, and preaching 
at 11 A. M— Ella Beeghly, Ashland, Ohio, Jan. 21. 

Notice. — At the Missionary Reading Circle meeting held 
on New Year's at Greenspring church a number pledged 
to pay a certain amount yearly for the purpose of sending 
a missionary to some foreign field. As many as desirous 
of paying the amount pledged, the committee has ap- 
pointed Bro. Banks Light, of Old Fort, Ohio, to receive 
the donations until District Meeting. The committee de- 
sires that all that has been pledged be paid in before Dis- 
trict Meeting.— Committee: L. H. Dickey, Banks Light, 
Steven Berkebile, 839 Leonard St., Fostoria, Ohio, Jan. 23. 

Pitsburg.— Bro. A. L. Klepinger expects to be with us 
Jan. 31 to assist in our series of meetings to begin on 
that date. — Levi Minnich, Greenville, Ohio, Jan. 23. 

Upper Twin.— Bro. B. F. Petry, one of our home min- 
isters, held a weeks' meeting at the Sugar Hill house, be- 
ginning Jan. 3. On account of the report of smallpox 
in an adjoining neighborhood, and inclement weather, the 
meetings were not well attended. Bro. Quincy Leckrone, 
from Glenford, Ohio, gave a lecture on the evils of secret 
societies at the above house, Jan. 10. He also preached 
two sermons the next day. — Jos. Nill, Lewisburg, Ohio, 
Jan. 17. 

West Dayton.— Your report said $3-29 for the Messen- 
ger; it should be $13.29. Bro. Ezra Flory, of West Mil- 
ton, preached for us forenoon and afternoon of Jan. 18.— 
Elmer Wombold, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 19. 

Coquille Valley church met in council Jan. 3, with Eld. 
Thos. Barklow presiding. The Bible school by Bro. J. 
S. Secrist began Jan. 5. An enrollment of fifty-five pupils 
was made. We have four lessons each day. He uses 
maps and charts in connection with the Bible. A deep 
interest is manifested and there are some joining the 
class nearly every day. We feel thankful that Bro. Se- 
crist has come and located among us. — Minnie Mc- 
Cracken, Myrtlepoint, Oregon, Jan. 13. 

Talent. — We met in first quarterly council Dec. 3, with 
two of our elders present, J. P. Moomaw and G. W. Hoxic 
presiding. Four were received by letter and one was 
elected to the ministry. A collection was taken for home 
missions. There was a goodly number present at our 
meeting.— Z. P. Webster, Talent. Oregon, Jan. 5. 

Big Swatara.— Jan. 11 Hornerstown Sunday school held 
their first children's day. Bro. John Shiftier is superin- 
tendent. We were to be addressed by Bro. E. S. Young, 
from Fostoria, Ohio, and Bro. Samuel Hertzler, of Eliz- 
abethtown, Pa. On account of Bro. Young's illness Bro. 
George Lchiner, from Meclianicsburg, Pa., filled his ap- 
pointment. Weather unfavorable caused a small meet- 
ing, but spiritual. At this writing a series of meetings is 
in progress, since Jan. to. in the Fishing Creek house, 
conducted by Bfo. Spencer Beaver, from McAlisterville, 
Pa. Soul-cheering sermons. Few members live in this 
section. — A. M. Kuhns, Union Deposit, Pa., Jan. 15. 

Codorus.— Our love feast will be held May 6 and 7, at 
10 A. M., Codorus church, Logansville.-— David H. Brill- 
hart, R. F. D. No. 2, York, Pa., Jan. 19. 

Georges Creek.— The date of the dedication of the Union- 
town churchhouse is Feb. 15, instead of Feb. 5. Sister 
Gertrude F. Finnel was elected church correspondent for 
Uniontown.— Alpheus DeBolt, Masontown, Pa., Jan. 18. 

Johnstown. — Dec. 15 West Johnstown congregation 
dedicated a new house of warship. In the morning Bro. 
H. S. Replogle preached the dedicatory sermon to a 
large and attentive audience. He also preached in the 
evening. Jan. 16 Bro. L. F. Holsinger, of New Enter- 
prise, came among us and held a series of meetings for 
two weeks, when he, left to hold meetings elsewhere, and 
Bro. Replogle^ preached one week. One sister was bap- 
tized and the church was strengthened. . Our congrega- 
tion now has four churches with six ministers to do the 
preaching. Bro. J. F. Dietz is our elder. Sunday schools 
have been re-organized in all our churches with an in- 
crease in attendance and interest. — W. I. Strayer, Johns- 
town, Pa., Jan. 21. 

Montgomery church met in council Jan. 10, with Eld. 
Brice Sell, of Newry, Pa., in charge. There was a fair 
attendance. The church decided to retain Bro. Sell an- 
other year. The church decided to hold an election for a 
minister at our coming council, which is the second Fri- 
day of April. Bro. John Fyock is chosen to assist in 
the work.— J. C. Brilhart, Ord, Pa., Jan. 16. 

Notice. — The District Meeting for Middle Pennsylvania 
will convene in the Everett church April 15. — M. C. Swi- 
gart, Sec. 

Notice. — The District Meeting of Eastern Pennsylvania 
will be held in the Indian Creek church, Montgomery 
County, April 29 and 30. Jeremiah Shelly is the corre- 
sponding secretary, Vernfield, Pa. Further notice will 
be given later, as to time of elders' meeting and railroad 
arrangements.— I. W. Taylor, Clerk of D. M., R. F. D. 
No. 3, New Holland, Pa., Jan. 19. 

West Conestoga.— Dec. 16 Bro. S. S. Beaver, of Mc- 
Alisterville, Pa., opened a series of meetings in the Akron 
house. He remained to Dec. 30, and in that time preached 
eighteen sermons. As Bro. Beaver had to leave for other 
fields of labor, the meetings were continued five evenings 
longer by Eld. I. W. Taylor, of Vogansville. These meet- 
ings resulted in five conversions. On New Year's day our 
council was held. — Linn H. Nies, Lititz, Pa., Jan. 20. 


Cook's Creek. — A very interesting meeting closed last 
night, in progress since Dec. 27, at the Garber church, 
conducted by Bro. I. S. Long, of Goods Mill, Va. Bad 
weather and sickness hindered the work to some extent, 
yet our dear brother continued to labor earnestly, with 
increasing congregations. Bro. Long did much private 
work. His work was very much appreciated. Five were 
baptized and three await the sacred rite. The church 
has been strengthened. There was one added to our 
number previous to our meeting. — S. I. Bowman, Har- 
risonburg, Va., Jan. 22. 

Coulson. — Brethren S. G. Spangler and J. F. Keith 
commenced a series of meetings Dec. 27, riding forty or 
fifty miles over Virginia's rocky and hilly roads, through 
wintry weather to preach to an isolated congregation. 
We have no resident minister, except Eld. H. P. Hylton, 
an aged saint who has passed the fourscore mark. We 
are in need of an active minister and would like to have 
one locate among us. The meeting was a success. One, 
the father of a family and a member of another denomi- 
nation, awaits baptism. Meeting closed Jan. 4, Bro. 
Spangler returning home. Bro. Keith started to North 
Carolina, accompanied by his two sons. — C. A. Coulson, 
Coulson, Va., Jan. 20. 

Harrisonburg. — We have just passed through a season 
of refreshing. Bro. I. S. Long began preaching at Gar- 
ber's church (Cook's Creek congregation) Dec. 27 and 
continued until Jan. 20, preaching twenty-eight sermons. 
Five have been baptized and two more await the rite. 
Owing to the inclemency of the weather the attendance 

was not always as desired, but a good interest was mani- 
fested.— P. S. Thomas, Harrisonburg, Va., Jan. 20. 

Mountain View.— We closed our meetings at Blue Ridge 
Springs Jan. 16. Though the weather was very disa- 
greeable, we had interesting meetings. This is a railroad 
and mining section and our congregations were largely 
made up of day laborers. We have a few members living 
here. The house we hold our meetings in was built and 
deeded to the Brethren church by a good brother that 
once lived near by, but has now gone to his reward. Jan. 
19. in company with Bro. Alley Rieley, we mounted horses 
and came across a very rough summit of Blue Ridge 
mountains to another mission point, Botetourt congrega- 
tion, where we are now holding meetings. The weather 
is still disagreeable, but we are having large crowds and 
good attention. We find a kind-hearted people that 
seem lo love to hear the story of the cross.— John C. 
Woodie, Mountain View, Va.. Jan. 22. 

Valley Bethel.— Two have been baptized since last re- 
port. We are now using the Brethren Hymnal and Hymn 
Book.— Vena S. Bussard, Bolar, Va., Jan. 20. 
Maplesp ring. —Tlie report of our Sunday school at this 
place during the past year shows an increase of interest 
taken in the work. We have the privilege of attending 
Sunday school every Sunday during the year, singing ev- 
ery Sunday evening, also preaching at different places of 
worship by regular appointment. We have at this place 
and in the near surroundings a number of ministers, some 
of whom have passed their threescore years and ten, and 
who by reason of age can serve us but a few more years. 
This part of the country is very densely settled and a 
large per cent of the population are members of the 
Brethren church. We have three churchhouses in this 
locality not more perhaps than three miles apart, having 
worship at the two extreme places on the same Sunday 
and at the third place on the following Sunday. At our 
last council the writer was appointed to act as correspond- 
ent from Maplespritig.— G. B. Hainstead, Eglon, W. Va., 
Jan. 22. 

Shiloh. — A series of meetings began at this place Jan. 
6 and closed Jan. 19, conducted by Bro. Obed Hamstead. 
assisted by the home brethren. Twenty-three were buried 
with Christ in baptism. Twelve more applicants are 
awaiting baptism and four were reclaimed. It was the 
first revival that had been at this place for some years. 
The church seems to be in a prosperous condition. 
Prayer meeting is held cvt^ry Sunday night. The quar- 
terly council met during the meeting and much work was 
done. — Oscar McDaniel, Colebank, W. Va., Jan. 20. 
Maple Grove. — I am now engaged in a well-attended 
continued meeting. I have more calls than I can fill. 
Weather fair, health good,— C. P. Rowland, Stanley, Wis., 
Jan. [£. 


" Writ? wlint thou accat, and scud It unto the churches." 

They say I am as one passing from death unto life, 
physically. My council of physicians went off Jan. 7 and 
said: " No show for himl " Afterwards one said: " He was 
nearest dead of any one I ever saw to livel " My chief 
nurse said: "He was as near off as a man can go and 
turn around again! " 

But my first and Great Physician never intimated to me 
a thought of danger. Jan. 6 I called him in and he ad- 
ministered to me James 5: 14, and just such a spiritual 
feast I never had enjoyed before. I had preached and ad- 
ministered that ordinance for nearly forty years, but I can 
till ihings about it now that I never knew before. 

C. C. Root. 

Ames, Okla., Jan. 22. 


Some time ago there appeared in the Messenger an ex- 
planation of 1 Cor. 3: 8-15, and it says — so I remember — 
thaL the exposition given is the only one that does not 
present some difficulties. Perhaps not. Paul is represent- 
ed as having before his mind the minister in an effort to 
build up a congregation. He makes diligent, persistent 
and faithful effort; but in spite of it all he fails. Result: 
he loses the reward for all his toil and sacrifice, and in 
addition is put under severe discipline ("so as by fire") 
because of his failure. 

Would any earthly father deal that way with his son? 
God is better than any earthly parent. Now take it that 
Paul had before his mind the important work of character 
building— a work which every Christian professor is re- 
quired to engage in— and the result presents to my mind 
no difficulty. In the former view the result would strike 
at the righteous character of God and his government. 
In the latter view the result confirms both. 

P. S. Garrnan. 

Lawrenceburg, Tenn., R. R. No. 1. 




January 31, 1903 


nd send it unto the churches. ' 


Our quarterly council on Jan. 3 passed off very pleas- 
antly. The Ashland brethren and sisters wanted to be 
in a separate congregation, so it was brought before the 
council and unanimously agreed to grant their request. 
Bro. D. M. Brower was restored to the ministry. By the 
request of the Ashland brethren the writer and Brother 
George Hoxie were called to organize the Ashland mem- 
bers on Monday following, Jan. 5, which we did. They 
are in good working order, with Bro. S. E. Decker and 
C. E. Nininger in the second degree and Bro. D. M. 
Brower in first degree of the ministry, but they have no 
deacons. There is a great work to do in the city of Ash- 
land, which has a population of about four thousand. 
There are twenty-three members in and near the city. 
They have a good house of worship, and a nice climate 
and a great fruit country. They will be glad to have 
faithful members move in and help them in the good 
work. Ashland is a division station on the Southern 
Pacific at the foot of the Liscion mountains, near the 
California line. Any one wishing to know more about 
the country can find out by writing to S. E. Decker, 
Ashland, Oregon. 

This division leaves the Rogue River church with about 
thirty-three members, two elders, one minister in second 
degree and three deacons, a good house of worship in 
the town of Talent. The members are much scattered, 
and have a large territory to travel over. There is room 
for good active ministers to help on the good work in 
either of these churches. There are many souls to save 
and but few laborers. Back in these mountains twenty 
to forty miles there is seldom a sermon preached, and 
children grow up to be men and women and never get 
to a Sunday school. Will we hear of some one that 
wants 10 come and labor for the good of souls? 

All the ministers in the Rogue River church are old 
and cannot travel much; so we need help badly. The 
Ashland church has chosen Bro. Hoxie for their elder, 
and the Rogue River church chose the writer for the 

Any faithful brother wishing to hear more about the 
country and character of the valley, can write to the 
writer. Jacob P. Moomaw. 

Eagle Point, Oregon. 



Our mission rooms, two in number, are given for our 
use free of charge for the present, through the kindness 
of a gentleman by the name of Madison. This we look 
upon as a commendable feature, and highly appreciate it. 
These rooms are located in a part of t>he city where there 
are no services just near by. There is, however, a 
churchhouse near, but it is standing idle, and consequent- 
ly a number have spoken quite favorably of a mission 
being started in their midst. 

In this mission Sunday school there are at this time in 
attendance twenty-two persons, and the prospect bids 
fair now for a number more. On Saturday afternoon 
the girls met in the sewing circle, for instruction in sew- 
ing, which was inaugurated in the period when our Sister, 
Hattie Netzley, was laboring here in the mission, and the 
children do not care to give it up. In the Sunday school 
wc use the Brethren's literature, and have talks to the 
old and young who may meet. 

When we take into account the few gathered in, com- 
pared to the number yet to be reached and gathered in, 
it seems the work has hardly yet a commencement. The 
prospect seems fairly encouraging, notwithstanding some 
hindrances common to city missions. 

The work to be developed here comes under the line 
of work to which Eld. D. Vaniman alludes, where it 
would be folly to pray to God to move upon the hearts 
of these children and people, to bring them in, and make 
them Christians— the need is for the disposition and wis- 
dom to get out after them; and our experience is that 
once going to a family is not sufficient. We must often 
go a number of times before there is an inclination to 
stay by the work. Along this line we have been direct- 
ing our labors, distributing tracts and the doctrinal num- 
bers of the Gospel Messenger, and coming in personal 
contact with these people. Without personal visitation 
but few of these children and people would be reached. 
By request, in the month of October we assumed the re- 
sponsibility of caring for this point, at least till there 
could be further and better arrangements mad* to carry 
on the work. 

In regard to our experience, in visiting from house to 
house, and the modes of thought, suffice it to say we en- 
joy the work, and have made up our minds that a little 
unpleasantness or persecution should not silence our 
tongue nor quench the light of a godly life in turning men 
from sin to the truth and bringing them under its power. 

Wc are thankful and highly appreciate the aid we have 
received from the different sources, to assist the poor 
and needy, especially to the membership of the Lincoln 
church and Sunday school for a portion of their birthday 
offerings. J- L. Snavely. 

3041 S. St., Jan. 17. 


" What therefore God hnth joined together, let uot man put asunder. " 

EDGECOMB— CRIPE.— By the undersigned, at the 
home of the bride's parents, in Laplace, III., Mr. Frank 
Edgecomb and Miss Elva Cripe, both of Laplace, III. 

Jacob Wyne. 

HOWSER— BURNETT.— Dec. 25, 1902, by the writer, 
at his residence in Everett. Pa., Mr. Emory Howser, of 
Chaneysville, Pa., and Sist&r Edith B. Burnett, of Ar- 
temas. Pa. John S. Hershberger. 

MILLER— LEAVELL.— By the undersigned, at the 
residence of the bride's parents, Brother William Leavell, 
near Nampa, Idaho, Bro. Levi Miller, of Cando, N. Dak., 
to Sister Effie Leavell. J. H. Graybill. 

WOLFE— BAHNEY. — By the undersigned, at the 
home of Bro. J. G. Wolfe, in Laplace, 111., Bro. Frank 
Wolfe and Sister Dollie Bahney, both of Laplace. 

Jacob Wyne. 

WOOD— MILLER.— At the home of the bride's par- 
ents, Brother and Sister Henry Miller, near Alvo, Nebr., 
Jan. 14, 1903, by the undersigned, Mr. John L. Wood 
and Sister Effa Mae Miller. Jesse Y. Heckler. 

••• FALLEN • ASLEEP ••• 

i the dead which die in the Lord. " 

BENSON, Bro. Eli, died at the Springfield hospital, 
near Baltimore, Md., Jan. u, 1903, aged 65 years, 8 
months and 1 day. Two daughters survive him. His re- 
mains were brought to East Berlin, Pa., for burial. The 
funeral services were conducted by Bro. C. L. Baker, as- 
sisted by Eld. O. V. Long. _ Andrew Bowser. 

BERGER, Bro. E. H., died at Sterling, 111., Dec. 22, 

1902, aged 72 years, 9 months and 11 days. Bro. Berger 
was born in Westmoreland County. Pennsylvania; came 
west in 1893; was a member of the Brethren church for 
many years. He leaves a wife and eight children to 
mourn. Funeral conducted by Bro. Cyrus Suter, of Frank- 
lin Grove. P. R. Keltner. 

BROWN, Sister Susanna, died in the South Beatrice 
church, Nebr., Oct, 28, 1902, of rheumatism, aged 65 years, 
4 months and 25 days. She was born in Huntington 
County, Indiana; was a member of the Brethren church 
over forty years. She leaves two boys and two girls. 
Funeral services by Bro. Isaac Dell, assisted by Eld. Owen 
Petry. Lydia Dell. 

CAMPBELL, Sister Julia A., wife of Charles A. Camp- 
bell, died Dec. 11, 1902, of congestion of the brain, aged 
73 years, at the home of Bro. James A. Campbell, Fris- 
toe, Mo. She and her husband came from Roanoke 
County, Virginia, the latter part of last October, and 
made their home with Bro. James, their son. Sister 
Julia lived a consistent member of the Brethren church 
for thirty-five years. She leaves a husband and eight 
children to mourn their loss. Funeral services by the 
writer. M. T. Baer. 

CLARK, Sister Catharine, nee Rinehart, of Stella, Nebr., 
died at her home Jan. 19, 1903, of paralysis, aged 75 years, 
9 months and 11 days. She was born in Henry County, 
Indiana; married to Samuel Clark in October, 1843; moved 
to Whiteside County, Illinois, in 1856; from there to Jas- 
per County, Missouri, in 1869, and thence to Richardson 
County, Nebraska, in 1885. She was left a widow in 1879. 
She leaves five sons and three daughters to mourn her 
death. Services by the writer, from 1 Cor. 15: 51-57, at 
the Christian church. Jas. A. Stouder. 

CRIPE, Sister Annie, wife of Bro. John N. Cripe, died 
in the Middle Fork church, Clinton Co., Ind., Jan. 17, 

1903, aged 57 years, 7 months and 16 days. She leaves 
two sons and two daughters, with the husband to mourn 
their loss. Services at Pleasant View by Eld. Lewis W. 
Teeter, from 1 Cor. 15: 54"57- John E. Metzger. 

ELLIS, Bro. Henry Slingluff, died at his home in the 
Greentree church, Pa., Jan. 8, 1903, of cancer, in his forty- 
ninth year. He was baptized when about fourteen years 
of age, and put in for deacon a few years ago. He suf- 
fered much since last May. He called for the elders of 
the church and was anointed. He leaves a wife, one 
daughter and four sons, an aged father, two sisters and 
three brothers. Services by Bro. J. T. Myers; text, l Cor. 
13: 12- Sarah M. Griffin. 

FIRST, Jacob, of the Prairie Creek church, Ind., died 
Jan. 7, 1903, aged 91 years, 10 months and 2 days. In 1819 
he came to Wayne County, Ohio. He was united in mar- 
riage to Hannah Stonebrook in 1831. To this union were 
born ten children. In 1841 he came to Wells County, 
Indiana, and there entered a farm which he owned till 
the time of his death. He was a member of the Brethren 
church for many years. He held the office of deacon for 
more than twenty years. He was a faithful and devout 
member of the church. Funeral services at the Pleas- 
ant Grove house by the writer. L. Huffman. 

FOCHT, Amos, died Jan. 12, 1903, aged 75 years, 4 
months and 12 days. He was twice married, first to Mary 
Sherwood. Three sons blessed this union; two sons and 
wife preceded him. In November, 1856, he was married 
to Louisa Snider. To this union were born three chil- 
dren; one preceded him. His wife and three children are 
left to mourn their loss. He was a member of the Breth- 
ren church a number of years. Funeral services were 
held in the Salem U. B. church. Perry Co.. Ohio, by the 
undersigned. Text, John 9: 4. E. B. Bagwell. 

GILLUM, William H., died at the home of his son-in- 
law. Walter Hartley, in the Middle District congregation, 
Miami Co., Ohio, Jan. 13, 1903, of paralysis, aged 75 years 

and 12 days. Funeral at the home by the writer; inter- 
ment at Monroe cemetery. D. C. Hendrickson. 

HENDERSON, Joyce, died in the Barron church, Wis.. 
Jan. 8, 1903, aged 81 years and 2 months. He had been 
a great sufferer from a complication of diseases. He 
united with the Brethren church about thirty years ago; 
was twice married; of eleven children six sons are living; 
also his aged wife (a sister) is left to mourn his death. 
Funeral services conducted by Eld. H. C. Baker, from 
1 Thess. 4: 13, 14. Katie Joyce. 

HILDEBRAND, Sister Maria, nee McConels, died Jan. 
'3, 1903, of typhoid pneumonia, aged 58 years and 26 days, 
after a short illness. She united with the church in her 
youth and remained a faithful member. She was united 
in marriage to Bro. Wm. Hildebrand in 1867. To them 
were born three sons and one daughter. One son pre- 
ceded her to the spirit world. She leaves a husband and 
three children. Funeral by the writer, from 2 Sam. 14: 14. 

W. R. Deeter. 

HOOVER, Bro. Michael, departed this life April 22. 

1902, of cancer, aged 67 years, 11 months and 22 days. 
Bro. Hoover was born in Pendleton County, Virginia, 
where he resided until the rebellion. He enlisted in the 
war in 1861 and served as a soldier till 1865. After his 
discharge he moved to Ritchie County, West Virginia, 
where he resided until death. He was married in 1859 to 
Margaret E. Simmons. To this union were born one 
son and one daughter; the latter is dead. The mother 
and son still remain to mourn. Bro. Hoover was a 
faithful member of the Brethren church for thirty-five 
years. The last of his life was one of intense suffering 

B. F. Rickey. 

LARSON, Bro. Immanuel, of McLouth, Kans., died 
Jan. 5, 1903, aged 82 years and 6 months. He was born 
in Sweden; came to America in July, 1869. In 1884 he 
united with the Brethren of Ozawkie, Kans., and has since 
been a consistent member. Services held in McLouth, 
Kans., by writer, from 2 Tim. 4: 7, 8. William T. Stout. 

LAUVER, Sister Sarah, wife of Bro. John Lauver, died 
near New Buffalo, in Lower Cumberland church, Perry 
Co., Pa., Jan. 11, 1903, aged 68 years, 5 months and 17 
days. In the morning she was apparently well, did her 
usual work. The following night she passed calmly away, 
leaving a husband, three sons and three daughters to 
mourn their sad loss. Interment at the hill cemetery; 
services by the writer from 2 Cor. 5: 13. 

Henry Beelman. 

MILLER, Emma, wife of Bro. Harry Miller, of Cen- 
ter Square, Lower Cumberland church. Pa., died Jan. 12, 

1903, aged 52 ,years. 1 month and 19 days. Services by 
Mr. Stine of Reformed church, assisted by the writer, from 
Psa. go: 10. Interment at Mohler's church. 

Henry Beelman. 

MOYER, Bro. Michael, Sr., died Nov. 29, 1902, in Lost 
River congregation, Hardy Co., W. Va., aged 83 years. 
He was a consistent member for many years. In his lat- 
ter days he called for the elders and was anointed. In- 
terment in the family graveyard. Funeral by brethren 
S. Mathias and L. D. Caldwell in the Crab River church. 
L. D. Caldwell, Jr. 

OBERHOLTZER, Sister Anna Matilda, died in Phil- 
adelphia, Pa., Jan. 4, 1903, aged 63 years, 5 months and 
17 days. Sister Oberholtzer united with the Brethren 
church at Greentree, Pa., at the time of the great re- 
vival in that community over forty years ago, and has 
been a faithful and earnest worker. Her life was an in- 
spiration to faithfulness. Funeral services were conducted 
at her late home, 3338 N. 21st St., Philadelphia, by the 
undersigned, assisted by Bro. W. S. Long, of German- 
town, and Mr. Harper, Evangelical. L. M. Keim. 

PONTIOUS, Sister Lydia, died at her home near Gil- 
ead, Ind., Jan. 6, 1903. aged 54 years, 11 months and 2 
days. Sister Lydia has been a faithful member of the 
Brethren church for a number of years. She is survived 
by husband two sons and one daughter. Services by 
Eld. David Swihart in the M. E. church in Gilead; text, 
2 Tim. 4: 7. Interment in Citizen's cemetery near by. 

Joseph John. 

REED, Sister Roseann, nee Newcomer, died Dec. 13. 
1902, in Ottawa, Kans., aged 65 years, 5 months and 18 
days. She was born in Washington County, Maryland; 
was united in marriage to George Read in 1854. To this 
union were born seven children, six of whom survive 
her. She united with the church in 1853, and was ever 
known for her faithfulness in the Master's cause. Text, 
Ps. 17: 15, was of her own choosing. Services by the 
writer. R. F. McCune. 

RIGGLE, Susan, nee Cease, died in the bounds of the 
Sugar Ridge church, Custer, Mich., Jan. 1.1, 1903, of can- 
cer, aged 55 years, 11 months and 1 day. She was born 
in Darke County, Ohio; was married to J. C. Rigglc Aug. 
it), 1868. To this union were born two daughters and one 
son, all of whom survive. She united with the Brethren 
church eighteen years ago and lived a consistent Christian 
life. She suffered much, for her sickness was of long du- 
ration. Services were conducted in the village of Scott- 
ville at the Baptist church by our elder. Bro. J. M. Lair. 

Wm. Saxton. 

RININGER, Ann, died in the bounds of the Dunning's 
Creek church, Pa., Nov. 11, 1902,. of heart failure, aged 
about 63 years. She was never married and made no 
profession of religion. Services by Mr. Bowman, of the 
Evangelical church, assisted by Bro. T. B. Mickel. In- 
terment in the Mock cemetery. Levi Rogers. 

RININGER, Jacob W., died in the bounds of the Dun- 
ning's Creek church, Bedford Co., Pa., Oct. 10, 1902, of 
typhoid fever, aged 48 years, 3 months and 8 days. He 
was never married and never united with any church. 
Services by the writer, assisted by Eld. J. B. Miller. In- 
terment in the Mock cemetery. Levi Rogers. 

SIPES, Sister Sally, died in the Morrill church, Kans., 
Jan. I, 1903, of paralysis, aged 74 years, 2 months and 
14 days. She was born in Somerset County, Pennsyl- 
vania. She united with the Brethren church early in life, 
and lived a consecrated Christian life. Four of her chil- 
dren survive her. Services by the writer, from Rev. 21: 
1-8. Her remains were laid to rest in Meyersdale ceme- 
tery, Pa. J. S. Mohler, 



January 31, 1903 

and 28 days. She waf 'biLd ' a f£ d f yCars ' 3 mo " 1 ^ 
For some year? 'he had he™ ' h e 'amily graveyard, 

an invalid 7 Funeral by brethren Ln'V^ h °„ Se as 
Henry Meyer, from 2 Tim 4: 6 7 g D Cald ™ell and 

TA-i-r- t . L - D ' Caldwell, Jr 

hole.' ** ^ -Sd^ge^e^TThel? 

^KV^gn^ -efV^""- 

Sve^°^ t -l-rand f rr r^"- h ^e 
the Loramie church "by • EI I J<Z £"$!'"■ Services al 
■an Brethren church, asfisted b^ Rro t'"' °u f thc C hris- 
from 2 Cor. 5: 1-9. intermem '„ f, ° L J °" a ' ha " H °^". 
nc L °ramie cemetery 

shipped there a corpse and h ?"' Thc bod y was 
church, Va., Jan. ,8 ,"903 aged -Tve " M ' M '* Riv " 
day. Funeral services bv FM 5 y ", r V mon,h and 1 
Garber. from Job T" ,/ E ' d ' Samuel Dr ;^r and Levi 
WRIGHT R„ r. j j- " F ' Mi| l<=r. 

'■-^ G «^>i r a o ; a °r'{ d a,, d r co D «4 8 ' li rv of ™»- 

years, ,0 months and I, days FJd Peter r i?" aged M 
panion and eleven' chiM? *£«• ££- «' 

97 years, . month and ,2 aaJi Sh ' ^ !°i I9 ° 3 ' a S ed 
Sept. 2, ,887. She was th ™ti. , Was left a »«« 
whom four remain to mourn it i "' "" children ' ° f 
the church at the ag? of elS'tv «v am ' ,5 ? ember ° f 
has lived a consistent Iff! w ' S ', nC , e wh ' cn li » she 
church, Tippecanoe at v Oh' """/' from lhe M. E. 
Pock, from 2 Pete? , o ' conduc ted by Jacob Cop- 
J " 9 - Bertha M. Snell. 




-ho, W E b .i 2 a k be t h h'D W R haV 'K JUSt " UbHshed - ™« - 
..on ,0 thl fead a err f° h e R M:^g::' T "° Tl"- 

aStrhe^^"- Ml ^"f 
People ,0 irernrstu^X'BTbTe 5 ^JT T T"* 
«u,,y i„„ s trated and win makf^re^t tr^ty 


By Eld. D. L. Miller, 

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"'The Eternal Verities' ,- .. ™ 
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'"Eternal Verities' is a marvelous book (l,„ 
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Spirif ^ b "" 8 be " er qUalifi ' !d '° wicld >"e Sword of the 

J\;£*:£zz r ' ad - s a b '»- «- - <»< hook. 

Introduction by the author. 

A Brief Historical Sketch of the Old Testament 

A Historical Sketch of the New Testament 

The English Bible. 

The Antiquity and Genuineness of the Bible 

The Word of Prophecy. 

Prophecies Concerning God's Chosen People. 

The Destruction of Jerusalem. 

Babylon the Great City. 

Nineveh and Tyre. 

Prophecies Concerning the Coming of Christ 

Miracles of the New Testament. 

Resurrection of Jesus Christ. 

The Epiphanies of Our Risen Lord. 

Jesus of Nazareth the Son of God. 

The Agreement Between the Land and the Book 


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A Discussion of Qods Money Laws—The Relation 

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